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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095386/torticollis-and-fever-in-a-young-boy-a-unique-presentation-of-cat-scratch-disease-with-vertebral-osteomyelitis-and-epidural-phlegmon
#1
Jason R Rafferty, Elizabeth Janopaul-Naylor, Jeffrey Riese
Cat-scratch disease-associated vertebral osteomyelitis and epidural involvement are rare and may manifest with nonspecific chronic symptoms in children, such as fever or torticollis. We present only the fourth case in the literature describing epidural involvement in an immunocompetent boy presenting with fever, torticollis, and indiscriminate left upper back tenderness. Bartonella henselae serologies are important to consider because such atypical complications often are responsive to conservative management with antibiotics...
October 31, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093103/utility-of-bartonella-henselae-igm-western-blot-bands-for-serodiagnosis-of-cat-scratch-disease
#2
Ken-Ichiro Otsuyama, Hidehiro Tsuneoka, Hiroka Yoshidomi, Mio Haraguchi, Masashi Yanagihara, Nobuko Tokuda, Junzo Nojima, Kiyoshi Ichihara
We evaluated the utility of Western blot (WB) bands of Bartonella henselae in detecting anti-B. henselae immunoglobulin M (IgM) for serodiagnosis of cat scratch disease (CSD). IgM band patterns were examined using sera from 92 patients clinically suspected of having CSD and from 130 healthy individuals. Positive WB bands were observed in 49 (53.5%) of the 92 patients' sera. Three bands at 8--10, 31--35, and 70 kDa were regarded as relevant for B. henselae because all of the positive sera yielded at least one of the three bands, and none of the healthy control sera showed reactivity to any of them...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082814/survey-of-cat-owners-on-features-and-preventative-measures-of-feline-scratching-of-inappropriate-objects-a-pilot-study
#3
Alexandra Moesta, Deborah Keys, Sharon Crowell-Davis
Objectives The objective of this study was to collect preliminary data on relevant features and preventative measures of feline inappropriate scratching. Preliminary data could then be used to inform future randomized controlled studies. Methods A paper questionnaire was distributed to 140 cat-owning clients of a small animal practice. The response rate was 82.9%. Questions related to features of inappropriate and designated items scratched, frequency of the behavior and how owners attempted to modify the behavior...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077073/the-biology-and-ecology-of-cat-fleas-and-advancements-in-their-pest-management-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Michael K Rust
The cat flea Ctenocephalides felis felis (Bouché) is the most important ectoparasite of domestic cats and dogs worldwide. It has been two decades since the last comprehensive review concerning the biology and ecology of C. f. felis and its management. Since then there have been major advances in our understanding of the diseases associated with C. f. felis and their implications for humans and their pets. Two rickettsial diseases, flea-borne spotted fever and murine typhus, have been identified in domestic animal populations and cat fleas...
October 27, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068281/detection-of-bartonella-in-cat-scratch-disease-using-a-single-step-pcr-assay-kit
#5
C Hobson, C Le Brun, C Beauruelle, Z Maakaroun-Vermesse, L Mereghetti, A Goudeau, P Lanotte
PURPOSE: Bartonella is an increasingly isolated emerging pathogen that can cause severe illness in humans, including cat scratch disease (CSD). The bacteria are difficult to grow and thus many detection methods have been developed, especially molecular. We previously developed a PCR method targeting ribC to identify Bartonella sp. A manufactured kit (RealCycler BART, Progenie Molecular) was commercialised shortly thereafter for the detection of Bartonella infection, including Bartonella henselae...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991316/-epidemiological-characterization-of-bites-on-people-as-emergency-care-record-province-of-los-andes-chile
#6
Vania Villagra, Dante Cáceres, Sergio Alvarado, Elizabeth Salinas, M Loreto Caldera, Erick Lucero, Paola Viviani, Marisa Torres
BACKGROUND: Bites constitute a public health problem worldwide. AIM: To characterize epidemiologically bites by animals happened in the province of Los Andes (2005-2007). METHOD: Descriptive, retrospective epidemiological study. Studied variables: Bitten person (BP), accident by bite, biting animal and bite. It was not feasible to obtain more updated information by law of patient protection. RESULTS: 2,360 BP were assisted in the emergency unit of San Juan de Dios Hospital and Rio Blanco clinic...
June 2017: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984726/ophthalmic-manifestations-of-bartonella-infection
#7
REVIEW
Radgonde Amer, Ilknur Tugal-Tutkun
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The eye is commonly affected in disseminated cat scratch disease (CSD) caused by Bartonella species. This article reviews recently published data on epidemiology of CSD, clinical features of ocular involvement, diagnosis and treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: The annual incidence of CSD has been estimated as 4.7 per 100 000 in the United States. It occurs predominantly in the southern states, with a peak in January, and disproportionately affects children...
November 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963128/hind-limb-motoneurons-activity-during-fictive-locomotion-or-scratching-induced-by-pinna-stimulation-serotonin-or-glutamic-acid-in-brain-cortex-ablated-cats
#8
Sergio H Duenas-Jimenez, Luis Castillo Hernandez, Braniff de la Torre Valdovinos, Gerardo Mendizabal Ruiz, Judith M Duenas Jimenez, Viviana Ramirez Abundis, Irene Guadalupe Aguilar Garcia
In brain cortex-ablated cats (BCAC), hind limb motoneurons activity patterns were studied during fictive locomotion (FL) or fictive scratching (FS) induced by pinna stimulation. In order to study motoneurons excitability: heteronymous monosynaptic reflex (HeMR), intracellular recording, and individual Ia afferent fiber antidromic activity (AA) were analyzed. The intraspinal cord microinjections of serotonin or glutamic acid effects were made to study their influence in FL or FS During FS, HeMR amplitude in extensor and bifunctional motoneurons increased prior to or during the respective electroneurogram (ENG)...
September 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935172/a-pediatric-case-with-peripheral-facial-nerve-palsy-caused-by-a-granulomatous-lesion-associated-with-cat-scratch-disease
#9
Chizuko Nakamura, Yuji Inaba, Keiko Tsukahara, Mie Mochizuki, Emi Sawanobori, Yozo Nakazawa, Kouki Aoyama
BACKGROUND: Cat scratch disease is a common infectious disorder caused by Bartonella henselae that is transmitted primarily by kittens. It typically exhibits a benign and self-limiting course of subacute regional lymphadenopathy and fever lasting two to eight weeks. The most severe complication of cat scratch disease is involvement of the nervous system, such as encephalitis, meningitis, and polyneuritis. Peripheral facial nerve palsy associated with Bartonella infection is rare; few reported pediatric and adult cases exist and the precise pathogenesis is unknown...
September 18, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929965/-a-negleted-bacteria-with-a-case-bartonella-henselae
#10
Kamuran Türker, Bekir Çelebi, Şeyda Andaç, Pınar Bulut, Şenay Yalçın, Saniye Dolhan
Bartonella henselae the causative agent of cat scratch disease (CSD), is a gram-negative, coccobacillus, facultative intracellular bacterium CSD usually presents as a clinical form of benign local lymphadenopathy (LAP) but sometimes it may progress to severe life threatening complications. Despite the fact that CSD is known to be a common disease, which is one of the important causes of local LAPs in the world, there are few publications in our country. For the diagnosis, the clinician should suspect for CSD and has to ask to the patient whether there is a story of cat scratch or not...
July 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905982/vector-borne-diseases-in-cats-in-germany
#11
Michèle Bergmann, Katrin Hartmann
Vector-borne diseases (VBDs) are caused by a wide range of pathogens, which are transmitted by a variety of vectors, such as ticks and fleas. As a result of climate changes, more vector-borne diseases are becoming endemic in Germany, not only in dogs, but also in cats. For some of the pathogens prevalence data still need to be investigated in Germany. However, natural infections with Bartonella, Anaplasma, haemotropic Mycoplasma and Borrelia species have already been described in German cats. Clinical relevance of these pathogens is not fully understood, and it is still unknown, why most infected cats stay asymptomatic and which predisposing factors contribute to the development of clinical signs in cats...
September 13, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899872/fever-bone-pain-and-erectile-dysfunction-where-is-the-cat
#12
Quentin Trefois, Jean-Christophe Marot, Halil Yildiz, Gregoire Wieers
Cat-scratch disease is due to Bartonella henselae and commonly presents as a localised papular lesion with regional lymphadenopathy. We report the case of a young man suffering general symptoms and dysautonomy characterised by an erectile dysfunction due to an invasive cat-scratch disease. He was successfully treated by tetracyclines during 3 weeks.
September 12, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884961/bartonellosis-in-chronic-kidney-disease-an-unrecognized-and-unsuspected-diagnosis
#13
REVIEW
Fateme Shamekhi Amiri
Systemic cat scratch disease or bartonellosis is a clinical entity caused by Bartonella henselae, which manifests with necrotizing granulomas in visceral organs. The cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis, is the vector responsible for horizontal transmission of the disease from cat to cat, and its bite can also infect humans. In immunocompromised patients including chronic kidney disease and renal transplant recipients, it can cause persistent and disseminated cat scratch disease. The aim of this paper is to perform a systematic review of the studies that have addressed the diagnostic methods of cat scratch disease in chronic kidney disease and renal transplant recipients...
October 2017: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876415/chronic-lymphadenopathy-caused-by-a-brazilian-strain-of-bartonella-henselae
#14
Paulo Eduardo Neves Ferreira Velho, Marina Rovani Drummond, Marcio Antonio Haro Adad, Maria Letícia Cintra, Stanley Sowy, Pedro Paulo Vissotto de Paiva Diniz
Bartonella henselae is a relevant causative agent of bartonelloses in humans. We described an immunocompetent patient with clinical manifestation of chronic cervical lymphadenopathy after a cat-scratch in her forearm. This case shows B. henselae infection persistence even after prolonged antibiotic treatment.
September 4, 2017: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867645/5-fluorouracil-induces-inflammation-and-oxidative-stress-in-the-major-salivary-glands-affecting-salivary-flow-and-saliva-composition
#15
Luana E Bomfin, Cíntia M Braga, Thais A Oliveira, Conceição S Martins, Danielle A Foschetti, Ana A Q A Santos, Deiziane V S Costa, Renata F C Leitão, Gerly A C Brito
This study aimed to elucidate the effect of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) on the histological aspects of the major salivary glands, salivary flow and saliva composition using an established oral mucositis model in hamsters. Oral mucositis was induced by two intraperitoneal administrations of 5-FU in two consecutive days (60 and 40mg/kg), followed by cheek pouch mucosa scratch, on day 4. The Pilocarpine-stimulated salivary flow was measured 4 and 10days after the first 5-FU injection. Salivary glands were harvested for histopathological analysis, measurement of inflammatory cells, quantification of pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α and IL-1β), investigation of cell death and cell proliferation...
September 1, 2017: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854184/exploring-virulence-and-immunogenicity-in-the-emerging-pathogen-sporothrix-brasiliensis
#16
Paula Portella Della Terra, Anderson Messias Rodrigues, Geisa Ferreira Fernandes, Angela Satie Nishikaku, Eva Burger, Zoilo Pires de Camargo
Sporotrichosis is a polymorphic chronic infection of humans and animals classically acquired after traumatic inoculation with soil and plant material contaminated with Sporothrix spp. propagules. An alternative and successful route of transmission is bites and scratches from diseased cats, through which Sporothrix yeasts are inoculated into mammalian tissue. The development of a murine model of subcutaneous sporotrichosis mimicking the alternative route of transmission is essential to understanding disease pathogenesis and the development of novel therapeutic strategies...
August 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839109/ptosis-miosis-and-cats
#17
Rita Espí Rito Santo, Catarina Salgado, Filipa Prata, Ana Mouzinho
Horner's syndrome (HS) is caused by a disruption in the oculosympathetic pathway. Both congenital and acquired HS are unusual in children. Acquired HS can be caused by trauma, surgical intervention, tumours, vascular malformations or infection.We describe the case of a 6-year-old boy who was brought to our emergency department with ptosis, miosis, painful cervical lymphadenopathy and a cat scratch on a hand. The diagnosis of a cat scratch disease was confirmed by serology. A full recovery was observed on antibiotic treatment and cervical lymphadenomegaly reduction 3 weeks later...
August 24, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819488/-elbow-abscess-revealing-cat-scratch-disease-about-a-case
#18
Mustafa Nkaoui, Ahmed El Bardouni, Omar Lazrek, Nasser Ibo, Fouad Zouaidia, Mohamed Kharmaz, Mohamed Elouadghiri, Omar Lamrani, Mustapha Mahfoud, Mohamed Saleh Berrada
Cat-scratch disease (CSD) is a common cause of chronic benign lymphadenopathy in the child and the young adult. Bartonella henselae is the agent responsible for this disease. Common symptoms include regional lymphadenopathy associated with fever. We report a clinically atypical and potentially misleading case of a 18-year old girl with CSD revealed by elbow abscess.
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795543/-hepatosplenic-lesions-due-to-a-systemic-bartonellosis-in-an-immunocompetent-patient
#19
J Narinx, A Poncin, P Huynen, M Moutschen J-B Giot
We describe a case of a young healthy patient who presents a lot of hepato-splenic lesions caused by a systemic cat scratch disease. This case allows us to discuss the uncommon manifestations of the cat scratch disease and to describe the two types of hepatic lesions caused by a systemic bartonella infection : the granulomatosis and peliosis.
July 2017: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780918/molecular-survey-of-bartonella-henselae-and-bartonella-clarridgeiae-in-pet-cats-across-japan-by-species-specific-nested-pcr
#20
S Sato, H Kabeya, A Negishi, H Tsujimoto, K Nishigaki, Y Endo, S Maruyama
Cats are known to be the main reservoir for Bartonella henselae and Bartonella clarridgeiae, which are the agents of 'cat-scratch disease' in humans. In the present study, we investigated the prevalence of the two Bartonella species on 1754 cat bloods collected from all prefectures in Japan during 2007-2008 by a nested-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) targeting the 16S-23S rRNA internal transcribed spacer region. Overall, Bartonella DNA was detected in 4·6% (80/1754) of the cats examined. The nested-PCR showed that 48·8% (39/80) of the positive cats were infected with B...
October 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
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