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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651390/-cross-sectional-survey-of-smoking-and-smoking-cessation-behaviors-in-adults-in-jiangxi-province-2013
#1
Y Y Chen, L P Zhu, W Yan, J Liu, L Ji, Y Xu
Objective: To describe the prevalence of smoking and smoking cessation in adults of Jiangxi province in 2013. Methods: Multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling method was used to select 6 000 individuals aged ≥18 years from 10 chronic and non-communicable disease and risk factor surveillance points of Jiangxi province in 2013. A face-to-face questionnaire survey was carried out to collect information about the risk factors for chronic and non-communicable diseases and 5 997 records were used in final analysis of smoking and smoking cessation...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651372/living-arrangements-disability-and-gender-of-older-adults-among-rural-south-africa
#2
Enid Schatz, Margaret Ralston, Sangeetha Madhavan, Mark A Collinson, F Xavier Gómez-Olivé
Objective: A limited understanding exists of the relationship between disability and older persons' living arrangements in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). We examine the associations between living arrangements, disability, and gender for individuals older than 50 years in rural South Africa. Method: Using the Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE) survey and Agincourt Health and socio-Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) data, we explore older persons' self-reported disability by living arrangements and gender, paying particular attention to various multigenerational arrangements...
June 23, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651366/combining-fixed-effects-and-instrumental-variable-approaches-for-estimating-the-effect-of-psychosocial-job-quality-on-mental-health-evidence-from-13-waves-of-a-nationally-representative-cohort-study
#3
Allison Milner, Zoe Aitken, Anne Kavanagh, Anthony D LaMontagne, Frank Pega, Dennis Petrie
Background: Previous studies suggest that poor psychosocial job quality is a risk factor for mental health problems, but they use conventional regression analytic methods that cannot rule out reverse causation, unmeasured time-invariant confounding and reporting bias. Methods: This study combines two quasi-experimental approaches to improve causal inference by better accounting for these biases: (i) linear fixed effects regression analysis and (ii) linear instrumental variable analysis...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650896/development-and-validation-of-a-quantitative-measure-of-adaptive-behaviors-in-women-with-pelvic-floor-disorders
#4
John T Wei, Rodney Dunn, Ingrid Nygaard, Kathryn Burgio, Emily S Lukacz, Alayne Markland, Patricia A Wren, Linda Brubaker, Matthew D Barber, J Eric Jelovsek, Cathie Spino, Susie Meikle, Nancy Janz
PURPOSE: To establish validity for the Pelvic Floor Disorders Network (PFDN) self-administered Adaptive Behavior Index (ABI) and to assess whether ABI assesses known discordance between severity of pelvic floor symptoms and self-reported bother. METHODS: In addition to the ABI questionnaire, participants in 1 of 6 Pelvic Floor Disorders Network trials completed condition-specific measures of pretreatment symptom severity (including Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory; PFDI) and health-related quality of life (Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire; PFIQ)...
July 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650196/effects-of-circadian-cortisol-on-the-development-of-a-health-habit
#5
Marion Fournier, Fabienne d'Arripe-Longueville, Carole Rovere, Christopher S Easthope, Lars Schwabe, Jonathan El Methni, Rémi Radel
OBJECTIVE: Given the impact of individuals' habits on health, it is important to study how behaviors can become habitual. Cortisol has been well documented to have a role in habit formation. This study aimed to elucidate the influence of the circadian rhythm of cortisol on habit formation in a real-life setting. METHOD: Forty-eight students were followed for 90 days during which they attempted to adopt a health behavior (psoas iliac stretch). They were randomly assigned to perform the stretch either upon waking in the morning, when cortisol concentrations are high, or before evening bedtime, when cortisol levels approach the nadir...
June 26, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650178/the-role-of-morbidity-for-proxy-reported-well-being-in-the-last-year-of-life
#6
Katharina Gerlach, Nilam Ram, Frank J Infurna, Nina Vogel, Gert G Wagner, Denis Gerstorf
Late-life well-being often shows steep deteriorations, but the contributing factors are not well understood, in part because data about people's final year of life are scarce. Here, we draw from and test theoretical perspectives that health-related vulnerabilities undermine the experience and skills older adults typically use to maintain well-being (Charles, 2010). To do so, we examined how various morbidity factors shape final-year well-being trajectories. We applied change score models to retrospective proxy-reports from the Socio-Economic Panel (N = 1,776; age at death = 19-101 years; 47% women) and covary for characteristics of the deceased and the bereaved proxy...
June 26, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649927/retrenched-welfare-regimes-still-lessen-social-class-inequalities-in-health
#7
C Muntaner, O Davis, K McIsaack, L Kokkinen, Shankardass K, P O'Campo
This article builds on recent work that has explored how welfare regimes moderate social class inequalities in health. It extends research to date by using longitudinal data from the EU-SILC (2003-2010) and examines how the relationship between social class and self-reported health and chronic conditions varies across 23 countries, which are split into five welfare regimes (Nordic, Anglo-Saxon, Eastern, Southern, and Continental). Our analysis finds that health across all classes was only worse in Eastern Europe (compared with the Nordic countries)...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649872/indoor-swimming-pool-environments-and-self-reported-irritative-and-respiratory-symptoms-among-lifeguards
#8
Gabrielle Bureau, Benoît Lévesque, Marjolaine Dubé, Denis Gauvin, François Lépine, Denis Laliberté
A web survey was conducted among 870 lifeguards (current and former) to assess the relationship between exposure to indoor swimming pool environments and respiratory health. Associations between respiratory symptoms and asthma with varying lengths of occupational exposure were assessed by multiple logistic regression. Lifeguards exposed more than 500 hours in the previous 12 months experienced more cough (adjustedOR = 2.54, IC95 % = 1.51-4.25), throat (aOR = 2.47, IC95 % = 1.44-4.24) and eye irritation (aOR = 4...
June 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649765/next-creating-an-interdisciplinary-alliance-to-diminish-informational-barriers-for-public-health-nursing
#9
Emily M Johnson, Krista Jones, Patricia Eathington, Carmen Howard, Rebecca Raszewski, Naomi M Twigg
BACKGROUND: Public health nurses (PHNs) are challenged in obtaining opportunities to learn evidence-based practice (EBP). An interdisciplinary alliance was created between health sciences librarians and nurse educators to create a continuing education (CE) opportunity. OBJECTIVE: To measure the effectiveness of CE training for PHNs on the knowledge gained about the EBP process and information resources. METHODS: Ten in-person CE workshops were offered to 69 attendees in rural and urban areas...
June 25, 2017: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648916/long-term-changes-in-time-spent-walking-and-subsequent-cognitive-and-structural-brain-changes-in-older-adults
#10
John R Best, Caterina Rosano, Howard J Aizenstein, Qu Tian, Robert M Boudreau, Hilsa N Ayonayon, Suzanne Satterfield, Eleanor M Simonsick, Stephanie Studenski, Kristine Yaffe, Teresa Liu-Ambrose
Previous studies have shown that more active older adults have better cognition and brain health based on a variety of structural neuroimaging measures. Nevertheless, the effects of maintaining physical activity (PA) over an extended period of time on future changes in older adults' cognition and brain structure are unknown. Participants were 141 initially well-functioning community-dwelling older adults (aged 70-79 years at baseline; 60% female; 42% black) studied over a 13-year period. PA (self-reported time spent walking) was assessed annually from years 1 to 10...
June 6, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648902/self-reported-unsteadiness-predicts-fear-of-falling-activity-restriction-falls-and-disability
#11
Orna A Donoghue, Annalisa Setti, Neil O'Leary, Rose Anne Kenny
OBJECTIVE: To determine if self-reported unsteadiness during walking is associated with fear of falling (FOF), fear-related activity restriction, falls, and disability over 2 years in community-dwelling adults. DESIGN: Data were obtained from the first 2 waves of The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing, a population-based study. SETTING: Participants completed a home-based interview and a center-based health assessment at baseline and a home-based interview at 2 years follow-up...
July 1, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648310/comparative-study-on-health-related-quality-of-life-of-farmers-and-workers
#12
Xiaofang Liu, Shuyan Gu, Shengnan Duan, Yuan Wu, Chiyu Ye, Jing Wang, Hengjin Dong
OBJECTIVE: To estimate and compare the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) between Chinese farmers and workers and study the relationships between the sociodemographic factors and HRQOL of the 2 populations. METHODS: We conducted 2 cross-sectional surveys in Zhejiang Province in China by using multistage cluster sampling; we applied the EuroQOL 5-dimensions 3-level (EQ-5D-3L) self-report questionnaire to assess the HRQOL of farmers and workers through face-to-face interviews...
May 2017: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648148/debt-counselling-for-depression-in-primary-care-an-adaptive-randomised-controlled-pilot-trial-decoder-study
#13
Mark B Gabbay, Adele Ring, Richard Byng, Pippa Anderson, Rod S Taylor, Caryn Matthews, Tirril Harris, Vashti Berry, Paula Byrne, Elliot Carter, Pam Clarke, Laura Cocking, Suzanne Edwards, Richard Emsley, Mauro Fornasiero, Lucy Frith, Shaun Harris, Peter Huxley, Siw Jones, Peter Kinderman, Michael King, Liv Kosnes, Daniel Marshall, Dave Mercer, Carl May, Debbie Nolan, Ceri Phillips, Tim Rawcliffe, Alexandra V Sardani, Elizabeth Shaw, Sam Thompson, Jane Vickery, Brian Wainman, Mark Warner
BACKGROUND: Depression and debt are common in the UK. Debt Counselling for Depression in Primary Care: an adaptive randomised controlled pilot trial (DeCoDer) aimed to assess the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the addition of a primary care debt counselling advice service to usual care for patients with depression and debt. However, the study was terminated early during the internal pilot trial phase because of recruitment delays. This report describes the rationale, methods and findings of the pilot study, and implications for future research...
June 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648099/social-anxiety-and-work-status-the-role-of-negative-metacognitive-beliefs-symptom-severity-and-cognitive-behavioural-factors
#14
Henrik Nordahl, Adrian Wells
BACKGROUND: Psychological health has a profound effect on personal and occupational functioning with Social Anxiety Symptoms in particular having a major effect on ability to work. Recent initiatives have focused on treating psychological illness with cognitive-behavioural models with a view to increasing return to work. However, the psychological correlates of work status amongst individuals with elevated mental health symptoms such as social anxiety are under-explored. AIMS: This study reports a test of unique predictors of work status drawing on variables that have been given centre stage in cognitive-behavioural models and in the metacognitive model of psychological disorder...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647911/religiosity-and-healthy-lifestyle-behaviours-in-malaysian-muslims-the-mediating-role-of-subjective-well-being-and-self-regulation
#15
Swan Ee Tey, Miriam Sang-Ah Park, Karen Jennifer Golden
Past research on healthy lifestyle behaviours has been primarily conducted within Western or Judeo-Christian contexts, while non-Western or Muslim contexts remain under-represented. This study examined predictors of healthy lifestyle behaviours (religiosity, goal-setting, impulse control, and subjective well-being) in Malaysian Muslims and explored the mechanisms underlying the relationship between religiosity and healthy lifestyle behaviours. Self-report survey responses from 183 healthy adults (M age = 28...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647804/estimating-the-long-term-functional-burden-of-osteoporosis-related-fractures
#16
S Fischer, K A Kapinos, A Mulcahy, L Pinto, O Hayden, R Barron
Although fractures are associated with short-term reductions in functional status, there is limited information on longer-term burden of fracture. This study documents evidence of an association between fractures and significant declines and functional health and activities that persist but attenuate beyond two years. INTRODUCTION: Although fractures are associated with short-term reductions in functional status and may have other short-term effects on healthcare utilization (hospitalization and follow-up care), there is limited information on long-term burden of fracture beyond 12 to 24 months post-fracture...
June 24, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647578/regular-source-of-care-for-the-elderly-a-cross-national-comparative-study-of-hong-kong-with-11-developed-countries
#17
Samuel Yeung-Shan Wong, Dan Zou, Roger Y Chung, Regina W Sit, Dexing Zhang, Dicken Chan, Eng Kiong Yeoh, Jean W Woo
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to give an international perspective of health service gaps for caring for elderly individuals and explore the role of primary care for caring for elderly individuals with chronic conditions in Hong Kong. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, telephone survey. SETTING: Hong Kong. PARTICIPANT: A sample of 1000 Chinese participants in Hong Kong aged 60 or older. MEASUREMENTS: Questionnaire extracted from the Commonwealth Fund 2014 International Health Policy Survey of Older Adults...
June 21, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647303/the-predictors-of-metabolic-syndrome-based-on-walker-health-promoting-lifestyle-in-iran-2016
#18
REVIEW
Maryam Mohammadi, Ali Ramezankhani, Shabnam Mohammadi, Shakiba Zahed, Farahnaz Khabiri, Soheila Khodakarim, Mohsen Roshani, Majid Ghayur
BACKGROUND: Understanding the metabolic syndrome has been the center of attention in recent years as a major risk factor of many diseases. Given the rising incidence of this disease and as the patient can compete against this disease with choosing healthy lifestyle, in the present study, we investigated the predictors of metabolic syndrome, based on Walker's health-promoting lifestyle in two large cities in Iran, in 2016. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used two-stage cluster sampling to select 1128 patients, among patients who referred to health centers in Isfahan and Yazd...
May 17, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647010/social-skills-training-for-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Nora Choque Olsson, Oskar Flygare, Christina Coco, Anders Görling, Anna Råde, Qi Chen, Katarina Lindstedt, Steve Berggren, Eva Serlachius, Ulf Jonsson, Kristiina Tammimies, Lars Kjellin, Sven Bölte
OBJECTIVE: Social skills group training (SSGT) for children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is widely applied, but effectiveness in real-world practice has not yet been properly evaluated. This study sought to bridge this gap. METHOD: This 12-week pragmatic randomized controlled trial of SSGT compared to standard care alone was conducted at 13 child and adolescent psychiatry outpatient units in Sweden. Twelve sessions of manualized SSGT ("KONTAKT") were delivered by regular clinical staff...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646684/the-relationship-between-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-alexithymia-in-borderline-personality-disorder-actions-instead-of-words
#20
Ellen Sleuwaegen, Marlies Houben, Laurence Claes, Ann Berens, Bernard Sabbe
INTRODUCTION: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a serious mental illness that centers on the inability to effectively regulate emotions. A large amount of BPD patients engage in non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). Given the NSSI contributes to serious health risks, it is important to know why some BPD patients engage in NSSI and others do not. A possible associated factor of NSSI in BPD may be alexithymia, which reflects difficulties in identifying and communicating feelings. Therefore the aim of the present study was to investigate whether NSSI was associated with alexithymia and whether this association still stood when controlling for gender and depression...
June 15, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
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