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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427035/associations-between-executive-functions-and-mental-health-outcomes-for-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
David Zimmerman, Tamara Ownsworth, Analise O'Donovan, Jacqueline Roberts, Matthew J Gullo
Associations between executive functions (EF) and mental-health in adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) were examined. Forty-two adults with ASD completed measures of EF, mood and self-concept. Better concept formation and social inference skills were significantly associated with fewer anxiety symptoms. Conversely, participants with better non-verbal reasoning, cognitive flexibility and social cognition reported more negative self-concept and lower self-esteem. Overall, individuals with impaired EF are more prone to anxiety, whereas those with stronger EF are more likely to experience negative self-concept...
April 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426999/emotional-intelligence-and-affective-events-in-nurse-education-a-narrative-review
#2
REVIEW
Gillian M Lewis, Christine Neville, Neal M Ashkanasy
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the current state of knowledge about emotional intelligence and affective events that arise during nursing students' clinical placement experiences. DESIGN: Narrative literature review. DATA SOURCES: CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Scopus, Web of Science, ERIC and APAIS-Health databases published in English between 1990 and 2016. REVIEW METHODS: Data extraction from and constant comparative analysis of ten (10) research articles...
April 7, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426535/frailty-in-hiv-infected-people-a-new-risk-factor-for-bone-mineral-density-loss
#3
Sylvie Bregigeon, Anne Galinier, Olivia Zaegel-Faucher, Carla E Cano, Véronique Obry, Hélène Laroche, Sophie Trijau, Armelle Saout, Isabelle Poizot-Martin
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the association between bone mineral density (BMD) and frailty in a cohort of HIV-infected patients. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study in an HIV outpatient unit where nearly 1,000 patients are monitored. METHODS: Subjects undergoing bone densitometry were proposed an evaluation of frailty using criteria of the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS) and the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures (SOF). Frailty markers (FM) were weight-loss, self-reported exhaustion, physical activity, grip strength, chair stands, and slow gait...
April 19, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426520/nursing-practice-research-and-education-in-the-west-the-best-is-yet-to-come
#4
Heather M Young, Susan Bakewell-Sachs, Linda Sarna
PURPOSE: This paper celebrates the 60th anniversary of the Western Institute of Nursing, the nursing organization representing 13 states in the Western United States, and envisions a preferred future for nursing practice, research, and education. BACKGROUND: Three landmark calls to action contribute to transforming nursing and healthcare: the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010; the Institute of Medicine report Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health; and the report Advancing Healthcare Transformation: A New Era for Academic Nursing...
April 20, 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426301/small-group-randomized-controlled-trial-to-increase-condom-use-and-hiv-testing-among-hispanic-latino-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#5
Scott D Rhodes, Jorge Alonzo, Lilli Mann, Eunyoung Y Song, Amanda E Tanner, Jorge Elias Arellano, Rodrigo Rodriguez-Celedon, Manuel Garcia, Arin Freeman, Beth A Reboussin, Thomas M Painter
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the HOLA en Grupos intervention, a Spanish-language small-group behavioral HIV prevention intervention designed to increase condom use and HIV testing among Hispanic/Latino gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men. METHODS: In 2012 to 2015, we recruited and randomized 304 Hispanic/Latino men who have sex with men, aged 18 to 55 years in North Carolina, to the 4-session HOLA en Grupos intervention or an attention-equivalent general health education comparison intervention...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426138/incremental-burden-of-cardiovascular-comorbidity-and-psoriatic-arthritis-among-adults-with-moderate-to-severe-psoriasis-in-five-european-countries
#6
M Augustin, J Vietri, H Tian, I Gilloteau
BACKGROUND: Moderate-to-severe psoriasis is associated with reduced health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Individuals with psoriasis are at increased risk for other medical conditions, but little information quantifies the incremental burden of psoriasis-associated comorbidity among European adults, and data have generally been limited to clinical samples. OBJECTIVE: To quantify the incremental burden of cardiovascular comorbidity and psoriatic arthritis among adults with moderate-to-severe psoriasis in the general population of France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the United Kingdom (EU5)...
April 20, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426116/portuguese-expatriates-health-in-angola-and-mozambique-a-cross-sectional-study-increasing-awareness-and-need-for-more-surveillance
#7
Ana Glória Fonseca, Sara S Dias, João Luis Baptista, Jorge Torgal
Background: Increasing numbers of expatriates are working in sub-Saharan Africa. There is little published data on the complex population and this survey aimed at understanding expatriate morbidity by accessing self-reported health problems and malaria preventive practices. Methods: A cross-sectional web-based survey was conducted targeting Portuguese expatriates in Angola and Mozambique. Logistic regression analysis explored factors associated with self-reported health problems and psychological symptoms in the previous 3 months...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425826/lung-function-and-prevalence-of-respiratory-symptoms-in-norwegian-crab-processing-workers
#8
Marte R Thomassen, Lisbeth Aasmoe, Berit E Bang, Tonje Braaten
BACKGROUND: Seafood processing workers have an increased risk of developing occupational asthma. This has not been studied among Norwegian crab processing workers, nor has the respiratory health of exposed workers been compared to a control group. OBJECTIVES: Assessing the impact of working in the crab processing industry on workers' respiratory health. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of the respiratory health in two types of crab processing workers compared to a control group...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425739/sleep-duration-partially-accounts-for-race-differences-in-diurnal-cortisol-dynamics
#9
Laurel M Peterson, Karissa G Miller, Patricia M Wong, Barbara P Anderson, Thomas W Kamarck, Karen A Matthews, Clemens Kirschbaum, Stephen B Manuck
OBJECTIVE: Emerging research demonstrates race differences in diurnal cortisol slope, an indicator of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA)-axis functioning associated with morbidity and mortality, with African Americans showing flatter diurnal slopes than their White counterparts. Sleep characteristics are associated with both race and with HPA-axis functioning. The present report examines whether sleep duration may account for race differences in cortisol dynamics. METHOD: Participants were 424 employed African American and White adults (mean age = 42...
May 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425680/adaptation-to-health-states-sick-yet-better-off
#10
Patricia Cubí-Mollá, Mireia Jofre-Bonet, Victoria Serra-Sastre
Healthcare funding decisions in the UK rely on health state valuations of the general public. However, it has been shown that there is disparity between the valuation of the impact of hypothetical conditions on health and the reported health by those experiencing them. Patients' adaptation to health states is among the most common explanations for this discrepancy. Being diagnosed with a disease appears to affect individual perception of health over time so that better subjective health may be reported over a disease trajectory...
April 20, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425615/the-natural-history-of-subjective-tinnitus-in-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-no-intervention-periods-in-controlled-trials
#11
REVIEW
John S Phillips, Don J McFerran, Deborah A Hall, Derek J Hoare
OBJECTIVES: Tinnitus is a prevalent condition, but little has been published regarding the natural history of the condition. One technique for evaluating the long-term progression of the disease is to examine what happens to participants in the no-intervention control arm of a clinical trial. The aim of this study was to examine no-intervention or waiting-list data reported in trials, in which participants on the active arm received any form of tinnitus intervention. DATA SOURCES: CINAHL, PsychINFO, EMBASE, ASSIA, PubMed, Web of Science, Science Direct, EBSCO Host, and Cochrane...
April 20, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425240/oral-lichen-planus-a-4-year-clinical-follow-up-study
#12
Arūnas Rimkevičius, Jolanta Aleksejūnienė, Alina Pūrienė, Dmitrij Šeinin, Rūta Rastenienė
BACKGROUND/AIM: This study aimed to examine oral lichen planus (OLP) cases histopathologically and cytologically, describe different clinical aspects of OLP manifestations, and associate different OLP clinical forms with self-reported oral health and with local and systemic risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients with a referral diagnosis of OLP received biopsies. The histological evaluation assessed infiltration with lymphocytes, epithelial hyperplasia, and hyperkeratosis...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425220/associations-between-the-transsexual-voice-questionnaire-tvq-mtf-and-self-report-of-voice-femininity-and-acoustic-voice-measures
#13
Georgia Dacakis, Jennifer Oates, Jacinta Douglas
BACKGROUND: The Transsexual Voice Questionnaire (TVQ(MtF) ) was designed to capture the voice-related perceptions of individuals whose gender identity as female is the opposite of their birth-assigned gender (MtF women). Evaluation of the psychometric properties of the TVQ(MtF) is ongoing. AIMS: To investigate associations between TVQ(MtF) scores and (1) self-perceptions of voice femininity and (2) acoustic parameters of voice pitch and voice quality in order to evaluate further the validity of the TVQ(MtF) ...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425178/sleep-quality-clinical-and-psychological-manifestations-in-women-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#14
Virginia Moraleda, Germán Prados, María P Martínez, Ana I Sánchez, José M Sabio, Elena Miró
AIM: Sleep problems are a common complaint in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. We analyzed sleep quality with subjective and objective measures in a sample with SLE and its possible relationships with the main manifestations of the disease. METHODS: Twenty-one women with SLE and 20 healthy women participated in the study. All participants were evaluated with actigraphy for a week and they completed self-report instruments of sleep quality, quality of life, fatigue, anxiety, depression and perceived stress...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424902/physical-and-psychosocial-aspects-of-adolescent-and-young-adults-after-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-results-from-a-prospective-multicenter-trial
#15
Kristin Pulewka, Daniel Wolff, Philipp Y Herzberg, Hildegard Greinix, Pia Heussner, Friederike H A Mumm, Stephanie von Harsdorf, Kathrin Rieger, Philipp Hemmati, Andreas Hochhaus, Inken Hilgendorf
PURPOSE: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (alloHSCT) is physically and psychosocially demanding. Among transplant recipients, adolescent and young adults (AYA) represent a special group, as disease occurs early in life, resulting in the prospect of long survival time and high burden of alloHSCT sequelae. However, data focusing on AYA undergoing alloHSCT are rare. METHODS: Data resulting from a prospective multicenter trial initially focusing on graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) after alloHSCT were reused to analyse the differences between AYA and elderly patients...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424888/posttraumatic-growth-and-well-being-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-ayas-with-cancer-a-longitudinal-study
#16
O Husson, B Zebrack, R Block, L Embry, C Aguilar, B Hayes-Lattin, S Cole
PURPOSE: This study examines posttraumatic growth (PTG) among adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer, as well as its correlates and trajectories over time. The study also explores the buffering role of PTG on the associations between posttraumatic stress (PTS), health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and psychological distress. METHODS: A multicenter, longitudinal, prospective study was conducted among AYA cancer patients aged 14-39 years. One hundred sixty-nine patients completed a self-report measure of PTG (PTGI) and PTS (PDS) 6, 12, and 24 months after baseline (within the first 4 months of diagnosis)...
April 19, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424832/setting-up-a-community-based-cervical-screening-service-in-a-low-income-country-a-pilot-study-from-north-western-tanzania
#17
Nestory Masalu, Patrizia Serra, Dino Amadori, Jackson Kahima, Charles Majinge, Joyce Rwehabura, Oriana Nanni, Sara Bravaccini, Maurizio Puccetti, Rosario Tumino, Lauro Bucchi
OBJECTIVES: To report the results of a pilot study for a service for cervical cancer screening and diagnosis in north-western Tanzania. METHODS: The pilot study was launched in 2012 after a community-level information campaign. Women aged 15-64 years were encouraged to attend the district health centres. Attendees were offered a conventional Pap smear and a visual inspection of the cervix with acetic acid (VIA). RESULTS: The first 2500 women were evaluated...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424633/psychopathological-aspects-in-childhood-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-hsct-the-perception-of-parents-and-adolescents
#18
Silvia Zanato, Annalisa Traverso, Marta Tremolada, Francesco Sinatora, Alessio Porreca, Giorgio Pozziani, Nicoletta Di Florio, Fabia Capello, Antonio Marzollo, Manuela Tumino, Chiara Cattelan, Giuseppe Basso, Chiara Messina
Background: Data about psychosocial sequelae of childhood Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT) are limited and the association with a specific donor type or other medical factors is largely unknown (Chang et al., 2012). The aim of the present study was to compare the psychological aspects of pediatric HSCT survivors with healthy peers. A secondary aim was to detect whether parents and children differed in the perception of mental health status. The influence of medical factors on psychological status was also examined...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424183/biomarker-calibrated-nutrient-intake-and-healthy-diet-index-associations-with-mortality-risks-among-older-and-frail-women-from-the-women-s-health-initiative
#19
Oleg Zaslavsky, Shira Zelber-Sagi, James R Hebert, Susan E Steck, Nitin Shivappa, Fred K Tabung, Michael D Wirth, Yunqi Bu, James M Shikany, Tonya Orchard, Robert B Wallace, Linda Snetselaar, Lesley F Tinker
Background: Although studies to date have confirmed the association between nutrition and frailty, the impact of dietary intake and dietary patterns on survivorship in those with frailty is yet to be examined in a well-powered cohort with validated frailty status. Moreover, previous studies were limited by measurement error from dietary self-reports.Objective: We derived biomarker-calibrated dietary energy and protein intakes to address dietary self-report error. Using these data, we then evaluated the association of mortality in older women with frailty and dietary intake and healthy diet indexes, such as the alternate Mediterranean Diet (aMED), the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) score, and the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII)...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424072/prevalence-of-intimate-partner-violence-and-its-association-with-symptoms-of-depression-a-cross-sectional-study-based-on-a-female-population-sample-in-sweden
#20
Solveig Lövestad, Jesper Löve, Marjan Vaez, Gunilla Krantz
BACKGROUND: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is the most common type of violence targeting women. IPV includes acts of physical aggression, sexual coercion, psychological abuse and controlling behaviors and these forms of violence often coexist in the same relationship. Living with IPV is associated with serious mental health outcomes such as depression and depressive symptoms. Few population based studies from Sweden have investigated the relationship between different forms of IPV and women's depressive symptoms and even fewer used controlling behavior as an independent variable in such studies...
April 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
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