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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228518/childhood-trauma-is-associated-with-poorer-cognitive-performance-in-older-adults
#1
Andrew J Petkus, Eric J Lenze, Meryl A Butters, Elizabeth W Twamley, Julie Loebach Wetherell
OBJECTIVE: Childhood trauma is common and associated with both worse cognitive performance and disruption to the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in younger adults. The extent to which these associations persist into older adulthood remains unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate self-reported childhood trauma in relation to cognitive performance, and the extent to which cortisol explained this association, in 2 independent samples of older adults. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, participants in the discovery sample (N = 76) consisted of older adults with a DSM-IV diagnosis of generalized anxiety disorder (N = 57) and age-equated psychiatrically healthy comparison subjects (N = 19) who were referred largely through primary care clinics between 2004-2006...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228400/informal-care-and-sleep-disturbance-among-caregivers-in-paid-work-longitudinal-analyses-from-a-large-community-based-swedish-cohort-study
#2
Lawrence B Sacco, Constanze Leineweber, Loretta G Platts
Study objectives: To examine cross-sectionally and prospectively whether informal caregiving is related to sleep disturbance among caregivers in paid work. Methods: Participants (N=21 604) in paid work from the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health. Sleeping problems were measured with a validated scale of sleep disturbance (Karolinska Sleep Questionnaire). Random-effects modelling was used to examine the cross-sectional association between informal caregiving (self-reports: none, up to 5h per week, over 5h per week) and sleep disturbance...
December 8, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228284/the-relationship-of-promis-pain-interference-and-physical-function-scales
#3
Richard Kendall, Bill Wagner, Darrel Brodke, Jerry Bounsanga, Maren Voss, Yushan Gu, Ryan Spiker, Brandon Lawrence, Man Hung
Objectives: To examine the relationship between the Patient Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Pain Interference (PI) and PROMIS Physical Function (PF) scales in patients with spinal pain at a university spine center. Design: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected patient-reported outcome data at a university spine clinic. Pearson correlation was done to examine the relationship of the PROMIS PF and PROMIS PI scores. Age, gender, and race were analyzed by subgroups on the PROMIS Physical Function and Pain Interference score...
December 7, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228093/correctness-of-self-reported-task-durations-a-systematic-review
#4
Jean A Pulido, Lope H Barrero, Svend Erik Mathiassen, Jack T Dennerlein
Objectives: Duration of tasks in a job is an essential interest in occupational epidemiology. Such duration is frequently measured using self-reports, which may, however, be associated with both bias and random errors. The present systematic literature review examines the correctness of self-reported durations of tasks, i.e. the extent to which they differ from more valid reference data due to either systematic or random errors, and factors influencing this correctness, with particular emphasis on the assessment of exposures of relevance to musculoskeletal disorders...
December 6, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228048/trends-in-the-management-levels-of-metabolic-risk-factors-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-1998-2014
#5
Sukyung Cho, Haeun Jang, Kyong Park
The present study examined the temporal trends in the management of blood pressure, glucose, and lipid levels among middle-aged and elderly patients with type 2 diabetes using data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1998-2014). A total of 3,689 patients with diabetes were included and divided into middle-aged (30-64 years old) and elderly (≥65 years old) groups. Demographic and lifestyle data were obtained using a self-reported questionnaire, and trained medical staff obtained fasting blood samples and blood pressure data...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227462/psychiatric-disorders-antiretroviral-medication-adherence-and-viremia-in-a-cohort-of-perinatally-hiv-infected-adolescents-and-young-adults
#6
Amelia Bucek, Cheng-Shiun Leu, Stephanie Benson, Patricia Warne, Elaine J Abrams, Katherine S Elkington, Curtis Dolezal, Andrew Wiznia, Claude Ann Mellins
BACKGROUND: Perinatally HIV-infected (PHIV+) adolescents and young adults (AYA) are at risk for sub-optimal antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence, and mental health and substance use problems that, in HIV-infected adults, predict non-adherence. Studies on the relationship between psychiatric and substance use disorders (SUD) and adherence among PHIV+ AYA are limited, but may be important to informing evidence-based interventions to promote adherence. METHODS: Data were analyzed from three annual follow-up interviews (FU2-4, N=179) in a longitudinal study of PHIV+ AYA...
December 8, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227155/using-mobile-health-to-improve-social-support-for-low-income-latino-patients-with-diabetes-a-mixed-methods-analysis-of-the-feasibility-trial-of-text-med%C3%A2-%C3%A2-fans
#7
Elizabeth Burner, Chun Nok Lam, Rebecca DeRoss, Marjorie Kagawa Singer, Michael Menchine, Sanjay Arora
BACKGROUND: Social support interventions can improve diabetes self-care, particularly for Latinos, but are time and resource intensive. Mobile health may overcome these barriers by engaging and training supporters remotely. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled feasibility trial of emergency department patients with diabetes to determine the feasibility of enrolling patients and supporters, acceptability of the intervention, and preliminary efficacy results to power a larger trial...
December 11, 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226799/evaluation-of-a-school-based-cognitive-behavioral-depression-prevention-program
#8
Pernilla Garmy, Eva K Clausson, Agneta Berg, Katarina Steen Carlsson, Ulf Jakobsson
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility and cost-utility of a school-based cognitive-behavioral (CB) depression prevention program. METHODS: A quasi-experimental trial with an intervention group and a control group, with follow-up measurements obtained at three and 12 months after baseline, was conducted. The setting was six Swedish municipalities. The participants were students in grade 8 (median age: 14). A total of 462 students (79% girls) were allocated to the school-based CB prevention program, and 486 students (46% girls) were allocated to the control group...
December 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226694/effectiveness-of-motivational-interviewing-for-improving-physical-activity-self-management-for-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-a-review
#9
Patricia Davern Soderlund
Objectives This review examines the effectiveness of motivational interviewing for physical activity self-management for adults diagnosed with diabetes mellitus type 2. Motivational interviewing is a patient centered individually tailored counseling intervention that aims to elicit a patient's own motivation for health behavior change. Review questions include (a) How have motivational interviewing methods been applied to physical activity interventions for adults with diabetes mellitus type 2? (b) What motivational interviewing approaches are associated with successful physical activity outcomes with diabetes mellitus 2? Methods Database searches used PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO for the years 2000 to 2016...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226504/metacognitive-beliefs-as-a-predictor-of-health-anxiety-in-a-self-reporting-italian-clinical-sample
#10
Gabriele Melli, Robin Bailey, Claudia Carraresi, Andrea Poli
Research has supported the specific role that anxiety sensitivity, health-related dysfunctional beliefs, and metacognitive beliefs may play in the development and maintenance of health anxiety symptoms. However, the role of metacognitive beliefs in health anxiety has only been explored in analogue samples. The aim of this study was to explore for the first time the association between metacognitive beliefs and health anxiety symptoms in a sample of participants who reported having received a diagnosis of severe health anxiety (hypochondriasis) or illness anxiety disorder and test whether these beliefs are significant predictors of health anxiety after controlling for anxiety, depression, anxiety sensitivity, and dysfunctional beliefs...
December 11, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226480/successful-pancreas-transplantation-alone-is-associated-with-excellent-self-identified-health-score-and-glucose-control-a-retrospective-study-from-a-high-volume-center-in-the-united-states
#11
Joseph R Scalea, Lauren Pettinato, Blythe Fiscella, Amanda Bartosic, Allison Piedmonte, Jastine Paran, Niket Todi, Eric J Siskind, Stephen T Bartlett
BACKGROUND: The benefits of pancreas transplantation are often difficult to measure. Here, we sought to determine the difference in quality of life for diabetic patients with and without a functional pancreas transplant alone (PTA). METHODS: PTA cases from 1993-2015 were considered. An IRB-approved survey inclusive of 15 questions spanning 4 domains was employed. Chi-square, Fischer's exact, and the T-test were used where appropriate. RESULTS: 137 PTAs were performed during the study period...
December 11, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225944/biopsychosocial-factors-associated-with-chronic-low-back-pain-disability-in-rural-nigeria-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#12
Chinonso Nwamaka Igwesi-Chidobe, Bolaji Coker, Chika N Onwasigwe, Isaac O Sorinola, Emma L Godfrey
Introduction: Many people in Nigeria are living with disability due to chronic low back pain (CLBP), with the greatest burden accounted for by people living in rural Nigeria. However, factors associated with disability in rural Nigeria have not yet been established. We investigated the biomechanical and psychosocial predictors of CLBP disability in a rural Nigerian population. Methods: A cross-sectional study of adults with non-specific CLBP recruited from rural communities in Enugu State, South-eastern Nigeria...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225915/mdhaq-rapid3-scores-in-patients-with-osteoarthritis-are-similar-to-or-higher-than-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-cross-sectional-study-from-current-routine-rheumatology-care-at-four-sites
#13
Carlos El-Haddad, Isabel Castrejon, Kathryn A Gibson, Yusuf Yazici, Martin J Bergman, Theodore Pincus
Objective: To compare patients with a primary diagnosis of osteoarthritis (OA) versus rheumatoid arthritis (RA) for scores on a patient self-report MDHAQ/RAPID3 (Multidimensional Health Assessment Questionnaire/Routine Assessment of Patient Index Data 3), and for physician global assessment (DOCGL). Methods: All patients with all diagnoses complete an MDHAQ/RAPID3 at all routine rheumatology visits in the waiting area before seeing a rheumatologist at four sites, one in Australia and three in the USA...
2017: RMD Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225913/action-3-30r-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-feasibility-study-of-a-revised-teaching-assistant-led-extracurricular-physical-activity-intervention-for-8-to-10-year-olds
#14
Byron Tibbitts, Alice Porter, Simon J Sebire, Chris Metcalfe, Emma Bird, Jane Powell, Russell Jago
Background: Approximately half of 7-year-old children do not meet physical activity (PA) recommendations. Interventions targeting primary school children's afterschool discretionary time could increase PA. Teaching assistants (TAs) are a school resource and could be trained to deliver after-school PA programmes. Building on earlier work, this paper describes the protocol for a cluster randomised feasibility study of a teaching assistant-led after-school intervention aimed at increasing PA levels of year 4 and 5 children (8-10 years old)...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225891/evaluation-of-a-type-2-diabetes-prevention-program-using-a-commercial-weight-management-provider-for-non-diabetic-hyperglycemic-patients-referred-by-primary-care-in-the-uk
#15
Carolyn Piper, Agnes Marossy, Zoe Griffiths, Amanda Adegboye
Objectives: To determine if a diabetes prevention program (DPP) delivered by a commercial weight management provider using a UK primary care referral pathway could reduce the progression to type 2 diabetes (T2D) in those diagnosed with non-diabetic hyperglycemia (NDH-being at high risk of developing T2D). Research design: This is a quasi-experimental translational research study. Methods: 14 primary care practices identified, recruited and referred patients with NDH (fasting plasma glucose ≥5...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225890/can-peer-support-be-cost-saving-an-economic-evaluation-of-rapsid-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-peer-support-in-diabetes-compared-to-usual-care-alone-in-east-of-england-communities
#16
La'Marcus Wingate, Jonathan Graffy, Daniel Holman, David Simmons
Background: Diabetes peer support, where one person with diabetes helps others, may improve diabetes management. The objective of this study was to perform a cost analysis of peer support strategies used in RAndomized controlled trial of Peer Support in type 2 Diabetes. Methods: We performed a 2×2 factorial randomized cluster controlled trial in England. People with type 2 diabetes were invited to participate as either 'peer' or 'peer support facilitator' (PSF) through postal invitation predominantly from general practice...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225446/use-of-internet-for-general-and-dental-health-along-acculturation-features-in-a-sample-of-mexican-americans
#17
Odette Aguirre, Rodrigo Mariño, Carlo Medina-Solís, Gerardo Maupomé
The objectives of this study were to explore self-reported Internet and electronic platforms used to search for and store medical and dental information among people of Mexican origin. A sample of adults self-identified as European American (250) and as Mexican American (255), residing in Central Indiana, answered a one-time survey that included technology use questions and measured acculturation via the Psychological-Behavioral Acculturation Scale. Overall use of information technologies was estimated through an Information and Communication Technology score...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225445/-they-have-said-that-i-was-slightly-depressed-but-there-are-circumstances-that-bring-that-on-how-middle-aged-and-older-african-american-men-describe-perceived-stress-and-depression
#18
Emily K Cornish, Erin M Bergner, Derek M Griffith
Objective: Few studies have focused on how men perceive stress and depression, and even fewer have examined how men of a specific racial or ethnic group describe their experiences of these conditions. African American men tend to define health in ways that are inclusive of their physical health, health behaviors, and mental health, but research has largely failed to explore how men put their health and mental health in social contexts. The objective of this article is to explore how middle-aged and older African American men who self-identify as having depression: 1) differentiate stress from depression; and 2) describe depression...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225443/perceived-stress-in-black-and-latino-male-firefighters-associations-with-risk-and-protective-factors
#19
Consuelo Arbona, Christine Pao, Amanda Long, Norma Olvera
Objective: To compare the prevalence of work-related protective and risk factors among Black and Latino male firefighters and to examine the association of these factors to perceived stress among both ethnic groups. Design Setting Participants: Participants included 1,036 male, career firefighters who self-identified as Black (n=477) or Latino (n=559) from a large fire department in a major metropolitan city in the southwestern United States. As part of a department-wide suicide prevention program conducted in 2008, participants completed an anonymous and voluntary mental health needs survey...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225441/a-racial-comparison-of-differences-between-self-reported-and-objectively-measured-physical-activity-among-us-adults-with-diabetes
#20
Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi, Jeffrey S Arroyo, Stanley Hsia, Neda Rouhi Brojeni, Deyu Pan
Objective: To investigate: 1) the racial/ethnic disparities in meeting the recommended physical activity as measured by subjective vs objective measures in a national sample of individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus; and 2) the racial/ethnic differences with respect to the magnitude of the discrepancy between self-reported and objectively measured moderate-to-vigorous intensity aerobic physical activity (MVPA). Methods: We used data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-06 to calculate and compare the percentage of individuals with diabetes who achieved the recommended levels of physical activity as measured by subjective self-report (500 metabolic equivalents (MET)-minutes/week) and objective accelerometer measurement (150 minutes per week of MVPA) across racial/ethnic groups...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
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