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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045920/the-association-of-alcohol-consumption-patterns-with-self-rated-physical-health-and-psychiatric-distress-among-afghanistan-and-iraq-era-u-s-veterans
#1
Patrick S Calhoun, Sarah M Wilson, Eric A Dedert, Katherine C Cunningham, Thomas K Burroughs, Terrell A Hicks, Jean C Beckham, Harold S Kudler, Kristy Straits-Troster
Alcohol misuse is associated with negative mental and physical health outcomes, which presents a public health concern in veterans. However, less is known regarding outcomes among veterans with low to moderate alcohol consumption. This study included veterans with military service in Iraq and/or Afghanistan (N = 1083) who resided in the VA Mid-Atlantic region catchment area (North Carolina, Virginia, and parts of West Virginia). Participants completed a mailed survey that inquired about demographics, past-year alcohol consumption, self-rated physical health, and psychiatric symptoms...
September 28, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045851/trends-in-pelvic-inflammatory-disease-emergency-department-visits-united-states-2006-2013
#2
Kristen Kreisel, Elaine W Flagg, Elizabeth Torrone
BACKGROUND: Pelvic inflammatory disease is a female genital tract disorder with severe reproductive sequelae. Due to difficulties in diagnosing pelvic inflammatory disease, it is not a reportable condition in many states. Females seeking care in emergency departments are a sentinel population for pelvic inflammatory disease surveillance. OBJECTIVE: To determine trends in diagnoses of acute pelvic inflammatory disease in a nationally representative sample of emergency departments...
October 15, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045671/association-between-self-rated-health-and-ideal-cardiovascular-health-the-baptist-health-south-florida-employee-study
#3
Oluseye Ogunmoroti, Ovie A Utuama, Joseph A Salami, Javier Valero-Elizondo, Erica S Spatz, Maribeth Rouseff, Don Parris, Sankalp Das, Henry Guzman, Arthur Agatston, Theodore Feldman, Emir Veledar, Wasim Maziak, Khurram Nasir
Background: There is increasing evidence of the role psychosocial factors play as determinants of cardiovascular health (CVH). We examined the association between self-rated health (SRH) and ideal CVH among employees of a large healthcare organization. Methods: Data were collected in 2014 from employees of Baptist Health South Florida during an annual voluntary health risk assessment and wellness fair. SRH was measured using a self-administered questionnaire where responses ranged from poor, fair, good, very good to excellent...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045667/survey-of-reproductive-experiences-and-outcomes-of-cancer-survivors-who-stored-reproductive-material-before-treatment
#4
K Hammarberg, M Kirkman, C Stern, R I McLachlan, G Clarke, F Agresta, D Gook, L Rombauts, B Vollenhoven, J R W Fishe
STUDY QUESTION: What are the reproductive experiences and outcomes of people who store reproductive material before cancer treatment? SUMMARY ANSWER: Of respondents who had tried to achieve pregnancy since completing cancer treatment almost all had succeeded, in most cases through natural conception. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: People of reproductive age who are diagnosed with cancer can cryopreserve reproductive material to guard against the adverse effects on fertility of gonadotoxic treatment...
October 17, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045556/age-race-and-gender-factors-in-incident-disability
#5
Mini E Jacob, Megan M Marron, Robert Boudreau, Michelle C Odden, Alice M Arnold, Anne B Newman
Background: Incident disability rates enable the comparison of risk across populations. Understanding these by age, sex and race is important for planning for the care of older adults and targeting prevention. Methods: We calculated incident disability rates among older adults in the Cardiovascular Health Study, a study of 5,888 older adults aged ≥ 65 years over 6 years of follow-up. Disability was defined in 2 ways: 1) self-report of disability (severe difficulty or inability) in any of 6 ADLs, and 2) mobility difficulty (any difficulty walking half a mile or climbing 10 steps)...
October 13, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045487/the-psychosocial-impact-of-leg-ulcers-in-patients-with-sickle-cell-disease-i-don-t-want-them-to-know-my-little-secret
#6
Nkeiruka I Umeh, Brittany Ajegba, Ashley J Buscetta, Khadijah E Abdallah, Caterina P Minniti, Vence L Bonham
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease (SCD) impacts millions of individuals worldwide and more than 100,000 people in the United States. Leg ulcers are the most common cutaneous manifestation of SCD. The health status of individuals living with chronic leg ulcers is not only influenced by clinical manifestations such as pain duration and intensity, but also by psychosocial factors. Garnering insights into the psychosocial impact can provide a more holistic view of their influence on quality of life...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045322/longitudinal-associations-between-physical-activity-and-educational-outcomes
#7
Jaana T Kari, Jaakko Pehkonen, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Olli T Raitakari, Tuija H Tammelin
PURPOSE: This longitudinal study examined the role of leisure-time physical activity in academic achievement at the end of compulsory basic education and educational attainment in adulthood. METHODS: The data were drawn from the ongoing longitudinal Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study, which was combined with register-based data from Statistics Finland. The study consisted of children who were 12 yr (n = 1723, 49% boys) and 15 yr (n = 2445, 48% boys) of age at the time when physical activity was measured...
November 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044996/lifestyle-habitat-and-farmers-risk-of-exposure-to-tick-bites-in-an-endemic-area-of-tick-borne-diseases-in-hungary
#8
S Li, L Juhász-Horváth, A Trájer, L Pintér, M D A Rounsevell, P A Harrison
Controlling tick bites on farmers is important to the management of tick-borne diseases and occupational health risks in agriculture. Based on an extensive household survey conducted between June and August 2015 with 219 farmers from western Hungary where tick-borne diseases are endemic, we analysed the pattern of farmers' self-reported contacts with ticks and investigated the potential interactions between farmers, landscape and the risk of exposure to tick bites. We developed a lifestyle typology based on farmers' socioeconomic profiles, farming objectives and time use patterns, and a habitat typology describing different configurations of tick habitats and agricultural areas in place of farming...
October 17, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044970/ethnic-disparities-in-rates-of-publicly-funded-bariatric-surgery-in-new-zealand-2009-2014
#9
Jamie-Lee Rahiri, Mel Lauti, Matire Harwood, Andrew D MacCormick, Andrew G Hill
BACKGROUND: Publicly funded bariatric surgery in New Zealand (NZ) is steadily on the rise to meet the obesity epidemic. Ethnic disparities in obesity rates exist in NZ with Māori and Pacific people having three to five times higher rates than all other ethnic groups within NZ. Ethnic disparities in rates of bariatric surgery have been reported internationally. This research sought to describe rates of publically funded bariatric surgery by self-identified ethnicity in NZ. METHODS: Using reported census and hospitalization discharge data from Statistics NZ and the NZ Ministry of Health, we calculated estimate rates of publicly funded bariatric surgery in the morbidly obese population from June 2009 to July 2014...
October 18, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044937/selective-inhibition-of-m5-muscarinic-acetylcholine-receptors-attenuates-cocaine-self-administration-in-rats
#10
Barak W Gunter, Robert W Gould, Michael Bubser, Kevin M McGowan, Craig W Lindsley, Carrie K Jones
Cocaine use disorder (CUD) remains a debilitating health problem in the United States for which there are no Food and Drug Administration-approved treatment options. Accumulating anatomical and electrophysiological evidence indicates that the muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR) subtype 5 (M5 ) plays a critical role in the regulation of the mesolimbic dopaminergic reward circuitry, a major site of action for cocaine and other psychostimulants. In addition, M5 knockout mice exhibit reduced cocaine self-administration behaviors with no differences in sugar pellet-maintained responding relative to wild-type mice...
October 18, 2017: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044897/a-comparison-of-dietary-estimates-from-the-national-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-health-survey-to-food-and-beverage-purchase-data
#11
Emma McMahon, Thomas Wycherley, Kerin O'Dea, Julie Brimblecombe
OBJECTIVE: We compared self-reported dietary intake from the very remote sample of the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey (VR-NATSINPAS; n=1,363) to one year of food and beverage purchases from 20 very remote Indigenous Australian communities (servicing ∼8,500 individuals). METHODS: Differences in food (% energy from food groups) and nutrients were analysed using t-test with unequal variance. RESULTS: Per-capita energy estimates were not significantly different between the surveys (899 MJ/person/day [95% confidence interval -152,1950] p=0...
October 18, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044670/the-effect-of-blue-light-blocking-spectacle-lenses-on-visual-performance-macular-health-and-the-sleep-wake-cycle-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#12
REVIEW
John G Lawrenson, Christopher C Hull, Laura E Downie
PURPOSE: Blue-blocking (BB) spectacle lenses, which attenuate short-wavelength light, are being marketed to alleviate eyestrain and discomfort when using digital devices, improve sleep quality and potentially confer protection from retinal phototoxicity. The aim of this review was to investigate the relative benefits and potential harms of these lenses. METHODS: We included randomised controlled trials (RCTs), recruiting adults from the general population, which investigated the effect of BB spectacle lenses on visual performance, symptoms of eyestrain or eye fatigue, changes to macular integrity and subjective sleep quality...
November 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044642/assessment-of-public-health-core-competencies-in-prelicensure-baccalaureate-nursing-students
#13
Mark Siemon, Cara Gallegos, Pamela Gehrke
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the use of the Public Health Foundation's (Public Health Foundation [PHF], ) Competency Assessment for Tier 1 Public Health Professionals to examine prelicensure baccalaureate nursing students' self-reported levels of competence in public health before and after completing community health nursing courses. DESIGN: Prelicensure baccalaureate nursing students enrolled in community health nursing courses completed a pre and postcourse Competency Assessment for Tier 1 Public Health Professionals survey...
October 18, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044555/openness-to-experience-and-adapting-to-change-cardiovascular-stress-habituation-to-change-in-acute-stress-exposure
#14
Páraic S Ó Súilleabháin, Siobhán Howard, Brian M Hughes
Underlying psychophysiological mechanisms of effect linking openness to experience to health outcomes, and particularly cardiovascular well-being, are unknown. This study examined the role of openness in the context of cardiovascular responsivity to acute psychological stress. Continuous cardiovascular response data were collected for 74 healthy young female adults across an experimental protocol, including differing counterbalanced acute stressors. Openness was measured via self-report questionnaire. Analysis of covariance revealed openness was associated with systolic blood pressure (SBP; p = ...
October 17, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043841/tactics-young-women-use-to-resist-condom-use-when-a-partner-wants-to-use-a-condom
#15
Rhiana Wegner, Melissa A Lewis, Kelly Cue Davis, Elizabeth C Neilson, Jeanette Norris
Although there is a growing literature on men's condom use resistance (CUR) tactics (e.g., direct requests, deception), little research exists on women's CUR tactics. This study investigated young women's (ages 18 to 21) self-reported use of CUR tactics since age 14 and related individual difference factors. Participants included 235 sexually active heterosexual women from a nationwide convenience survey sample who completed a newly adapted women's version of the Condom Use Resistance Survey. Consistent with the limited previous research, women were most likely to use risk-level reassurance (37...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043281/predictors-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-among-victims-of-serious-motor-vehicle-accidents
#16
Naema Khodadadi-Hassankiadeh, Nahid Dehghan Nayeri, Hooman Shahsavari, Shahrokh Yousefzadeh-Chabok, Hamid Haghani
BACKGROUND: Compelling evidence has shown that motor vehicle accidents have an enormous impact on mental health. Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is one of the most common psychological consequences in adult survivors of accidents, so it is important to understand the prevalence and predictors of this issue since delay causes damage to crucial daily functioning. This study aimed at investigating the prevalence and predictors of PTSD after motor vehicle accident. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 528 injured patients six weeks to six months after motor vehicle accident in Imam Reza Clinic of Poursina hospital, Rasht in 2015...
October 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042895/no-association-between-the-polymorphism-rs6943555-in-the-auts2-gene-and-personality-traits-in-japanese-university-students
#17
Shin Narita, Kazutaka Ikeda, Daisuke Nishizawa, Eiji Yoshihara, Maki Numajiri, Yuuya Onozawa, Nobuyo Ohtani, Kazuhiko Iwahashi
OBJECTIVE: The autism susceptibility candidate 2 (AUTS2) gene has been implicated in multiple neurological disorders. Several recent studies have revealed that the polymorphism rs6943555 in the AUTS2 gene is broadly associated with human mental function and behavior. Therefore, in the present study we investigated whether the polymorphism rs6943555 is associated with human personality traits in Japanese university students. In addition, our previous study reported that the AUTS2 rs6943555-rs9886351 haplotype is associated with alcohol dependence...
September 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042389/what-s-up-doc-a-national-cross-sectional-study-of-psychological-wellbeing-of-hospital-doctors-in-ireland
#18
Blánaid Hayes, Lucia Prihodova, Gillian Walsh, Frank Doyle, Sally Doherty
OBJECTIVES: To measure levels of psychological distress, psychological wellbeing and self-stigma in hospital doctors in Ireland. DESIGN: National cross-sectional study of randomised sample of hospital doctors. Participants provided sociodemographic data (age, sex, marital status), work grade (consultant, higher/basic specialist trainee), specialty and work hours and completed well-being questionnaires (the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale, WHO Well-being Index, General Health Questionnaire) and single-item scales on self-rated health and self-stigma...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042380/potentially-inappropriate-prescribing-and-its-association-with-health-outcomes-in-middle-aged-people-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-ireland
#19
Frank Moriarty, Caitriona Cahir, Kathleen Bennett, Carmel M Hughes, Rose Anne Kenny, Tom Fahey
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of potentially inappropriate prescribing (PIP) in a cohort of community-dwelling middle-aged people and assess the relationship between PIP and emergency department (ED) visits, general practitioner (GP) visits and quality of life (QoL). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA), a nationally representative cohort study of ageing. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 45-64 years recruited to TILDA who were eligible for the means-tested General Medical Services scheme and followed up after 2 years...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042345/the-association-of-patient-factors-digital-access-and-online-behavior-on-sustained-patient-portal-use-a-prospective-cohort-of-enrolled-users
#20
Susan S Woods, Christopher W Forsberg, Erin C Schwartz, Kim M Nazi, Judith H Hibbard, Thomas K Houston, Martha Gerrity
BACKGROUND: As electronic health records and computerized workflows expand, there are unprecedented opportunities to digitally connect with patients using secure portals. To realize the value of patient portals, initial reach across populations will need to be demonstrated, as well as sustained usage over time. OBJECTIVE: The study aim was to identify patient factors associated with short-term and long-term portal usage after patients registered to access all portal functions...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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