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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535450/the-global-burden-of-fatal-self-poisoning-with-pesticides-2006-15-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Emma J Mew, Prianka Padmanathan, Flemming Konradsen, Michael Eddleston, Shu-Sen Chang, Michael R Phillips, David Gunnell
BACKGROUND: Agricultural pesticide poisoning is a major contributor to the global burden of suicide. Over the last decade there has been a marked decrease in the incidence of suicide worldwide. It is unclear whether pesticide poisoning still plays a significant role in the global incidence of suicide. METHODS: WHO method-specific suicide data were supplemented by a systematic review of the literature between 2006 and 2015, including searches of thirteen electronic databases and Google, citation searching and a review of reference lists and personal collections...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535397/quality-of-life-anxiety-and-depression-in-patients-with-hiv-aids-who-present-poor-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-a-cross-sectional-study-in-salvador-brazil
#2
Mónica Narváez Betancur, Liliane Lins, Irismar Reis de Oliveira, Carlos Brites
The introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy marked a major gain in efficacy of HIV/AIDS treatment and a reduction in morbidity and mortality of the infected patients. However, high levels of adherence are required to obtain virologic suppression. In Brazil, the policy of free and universal access to antiretroviral therapy has been in place since 1996, although there are reports of poor adherence. OBJECTIVE: To define the clinical, demographic and psychological characteristics, and quality of life of patients with HIV/AIDS who present poor adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy...
May 20, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535331/computer-and-mobile-technology-interventions-for-self-management-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#3
REVIEW
Catherine McCabe, Margaret McCann, Anne Marie Brady
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterised by airflow obstruction due to an abnormal inflammatory response of the lungs to noxious particles or gases, for example, cigarette smoke. The pattern of care for people with moderate to very severe COPD often involves regular lengthy hospital admissions, which result in high healthcare costs and an undesirable effect on quality of life. Research over the past decade has focused on innovative methods for developing enabling and assistive technologies that facilitate patient self-management...
May 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535164/meat-dietary-heme-iron-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-the-singapore-chinese-health-study
#4
Mohammad Talaei, Ye-Li Wang, Jian-Min Yuan, An Pan, Woon-Puay Koh
We evaluated the relations of red meat, poultry, fish and shellfish, as well as heme iron intake, with risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D).The Singapore Chinese Health Study is a population-based cohort that recruited 63,257 Chinese adults aged 45-74 years from 1993 to 1998. Usual diet was evaluated by a validated 165-item semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire at recruitment. Physician-diagnosed T2D was self-reported during two follow-up interviews in 1999-2004 and 2006-2010. During a mean follow-up of 10...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534830/calculation-of-haem-iron-intake-and-its-role-in-the-development-of-iron-deficiency-in-young-women-from-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-women-s-health
#5
Angela J Reeves, Mark A McEvoy, Lesley K MacDonald-Wicks, Daniel Barker, John Attia, Allison M Hodge, Amanda J Patterson
Total iron intake is not strongly associated with iron stores, but haem iron intake may be more predictive. Haem iron is not available in most nutrient databases, so experimentally determined haem contents were applied to an Australian Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) to estimate haem iron intake in a representative sample of young women (25-30 years). The association between dietary haem iron intakes and incident self-reported diagnosed iron deficiency over six years of follow-up was examined. Haem iron contents for Australian red meats, fish, and poultry were applied to haem-containing foods in the Dietary Questionnaire for Epidemiological Studies V2 (DQESv2) FFQ...
May 19, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534684/observed-deficiencies-in-medical-student-knowledge-of-transgender-and-intersex-health
#6
Jennifer J Liang, Ivy H Gardner, Jacob A Walker, Joshua D Safer
BACKGROUND: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) patients face many well-documented disparities in care which among transgender and intersex people can often be traced to providers' lack of knowledge. METHODS: We administered surveys to examine the self-assessed knowledge and attitudes of all medical students at Boston University regarding different LGBTI subpopulations. Survey questions were based on a Likert scale from 1-5; analysis was conducted with Wilcoxon rank sum test...
May 23, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534606/standardized-reporting-of-functioning-information-on-icf-based-common-metrics
#7
Birgit Prodinger, Alan Tennant, Gerold Stucki
BACKGROUND: In clinical practice and research a variety of clinical data collection tools are used to collect information on people's functioning for clinical practise and research and National Health Information Systems. Reporting on ICF-based common metrics enables standardized documentation of functioning information in national health information systems. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this methodological note on applying the ICF in rehabilitation is to demonstrate how to report functioning information collected with a data collection tool on ICF-based common metrics...
May 23, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533731/effect-of-loss-of-teeth-and-its-association-with-general-quality-of-life-using-geriatric-oral-health-assessment-index-gohai-among-older-individuals-residing-in-rural-areas
#8
Vinaya Kundapur, Rakshith Hegde, Manoj Shetty, Sunil Mankar, Mohammed Hilal, Hari Prasad A
The development of measures for assessing oral health status is essential to the evolution and maturation of a scientific knowledge based in geriatric dentistry. Their development as branches of clinical care depends in part as ability to demonstrate an effective grasp of the problems of elderly and their solutions. Any strategy for altering the health status of elderly requires a technology for first assessing that health status and then detecting increments of progress. Development of geriatric oral health assessment index (GOHAI) is a self reported measure designed to assess the oral health problems of older individuals...
March 2017: International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533696/experience-of-dysmenorrhea-among-a-group-of-physical-therapy-students-from-cairo-university-an-exploratory-study
#9
Dalia M Kamel, Sayed A Tantawy, Gehan A Abdelsamea
INTRODUCTION: Dysmenorrhea is a condition describing the painful cramps that women feel before or during the menstrual period. While dysmenorrhea is the most common gynecologic complaint affecting adolescent and young women and there has been significant progress in understanding its pathophysiology and managing the symptoms, many young women do not seek medical consultation and remain untreated. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to explore the prevalence of dysmenorrhea, its physical impact, and associated coping behaviors among university students...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533685/factor-structure-reliability-and-validity-of-the-japanese-version-of-the-hoarding-rating-scale-self-report-hrs-sr-j
#10
Aki Tsuchiyagaito, Satoshi Horiuchi, Toko Igarashi, Yoshiya Kawanori, Yoshiyuki Hirano, Hirooki Yabe, Akiko Nakagawa
BACKGROUND: The Hoarding Rating Scale-Self-Report (HRS-SR) is a five-item scale that assesses the symptoms of hoarding. These symptoms include excessive acquisition, difficulty in discarding, and excessive clutter that causes distress. We conducted three studies to examine the factor structure, reliability, and validity of the Japanese version of the HRS-SR (HRS-SR-J). METHODS: Study 1 examined its reliability; 193 college students and 320 adolescents and adults completed the HRS-SR-J and, of the college students, 32 took it again 2 weeks later...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533158/relationships-between-food-neophobia-and-food-intake-and-preferences-findings-from-a-sample-of-new-zealand-adults
#11
S R Jaeger, M A Rasmussen, J Prescott
Food neophobia (FN) has been shown to be a strong influence on food preferences using primarily small data sets. This has limited the explanatory power of FN and the extent to which it can be related to other factors that influence food choice. To address these limitations, we collected Food Neophobia Scale data from 1167 adults from New Zealand over a 45-month period. Participants also completed a 112-item food preference questionnaire and a self-report 24°hour, a 145 item food intake recall survey, and the Food Choice Questionnaire (FCQ)...
May 19, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533104/seasonal-influenza-vaccine-uptake-among-people-with-disabilities-a-nationwide-population-study-of-disparities-by-type-of-disability-and-socioeconomic-status-in-france
#12
Aurélie Bocquier, Lisa Fressard, Alain Paraponaris, Bérengère Davin, Pierre Verger
People with disabilities use various preventive health services less frequently than others, notably because of a lower socioeconomic status (SES). We examined variations of seasonal influenza vaccine uptake according to type/severity of disability and SES. We analyzed (in 2016) data from the 2008 French national cross-sectional survey on health and disability (n=12,396 adults living in the community and belonging to target groups for seasonal influenza vaccination). We defined seasonal influenza vaccine uptake during the 2007-2008 season by the self-reporting of a flu shot between September 2007 and March 2008...
May 19, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533034/psychiatric-disorders-and-function-in-adolescents-with-tetralogy-of-fallot
#13
Jennifer E Holland, Adam R Cassidy, Christian Stopp, Matthew T White, David C Bellinger, Michael J Rivkin, Jane W Newburger, David R DeMaso
OBJECTIVES: To assess psychiatric disorders and function in adolescents with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) without and with a genetic diagnosis and to evaluate associations of functioning with medical factors, IQ, and demographics. STUDY DESIGN: Adolescents with TOF (n = 91) and 87 healthy referents completed a clinician-rated structured psychiatric interview, parent-/self-report measures of psychopathology, and brain magnetic resonance imaging. Twenty-three of the adolescents with TOF had a known genetic diagnosis...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532736/emotional-intelligence-and-coping-styles-an-intervention-in-geriatric-nurses
#14
Carmen María Sarabia-Cobo, Soraya González Suárez, Ernesto J Menéndez Crispín, A Belén Sarabia Cobo, Victoria Pérez, Pablo de Lorena, Cristina Rodríguez Rodríguez, Laura Sanlúcar Gross
Current research indicates a relationship between EI, stress, coping strategies, well-being and mental health. Emotional intelligence skills and knowledge, and coping strategies can be increased with training. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to use a controlled design to test the impact of theoretically based training on the different components of EI and coping styles in a sample of nurses working with older adults. METHODS: A group of 92 professionals (RN and CAN) who attended a workshop on EI were included in the study...
June 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532732/nurses-health-promoting-lifestyle-behaviors-in-a-community-hospital
#15
Emma Kurnat-Thoma, Majeda El-Banna, Monica Oakcrum, Jill Tyroler
PURPOSE: To examine nurses' health-promoting lifestyle behaviors, describe their self-reported engagement in employee wellness program benefit options, and explore relationships between nurse demographic factors, health characteristics and lifestyle behaviors. BACKGROUND: Nurses adopting unhealthy lifestyle behaviors are at significantly higher risk for developing a number of chronic diseases and are at increased susceptibility to exhaustion, job dissatisfaction and turnover...
June 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532723/self-reported-frequency-of-nurse-provided-spiritual-care
#16
Elizabeth Johnston Taylor, Iris Mamier, Patricia Ricci-Allegra, Joanne Foith
AIM: To describe how frequently RNs provide 17 spiritual care therapeutics (or interventions) during a 72-80h timeframe. BACKGROUND: Plagued by conceptual muddiness as well as weak methods, research quantifying the frequency of spiritual care is not only methodologically limited, but also sparse. METHODS: Secondary analysis of data from four studies that used the Nurse Spiritual Care Therapeutics Scale (NSCTS). Data from US American RNs who responded to online surveys about spiritual care were analyzed...
June 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532480/medication-adherence-perspectives-in-haemodialysis-patients-a-qualitative-study
#17
Saurav Ghimire, Ronald L Castelino, Matthew D Jose, Syed Tabish R Zaidi
BACKGROUND: End-stage kidney disease patients undergoing haemodialysis are prescribed with multiple complex regimens and are predisposed to high risk of medication nonadherence. The aims of this study were to explore factors associated with medication adherence, and, to examine the differential perspectives on medication-taking behaviour shown by adherent and nonadherent haemodialysis patients. METHODS: A qualitative exploratory design was used. One-on-one semi-structured interviews were conducted with 30 haemodialysis patients at the outpatient dialysis facility in Hobart, Australia...
May 22, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532470/health-care-professionals-attitudes-towards-evidence-based-medicine-in-the-workers-compensation-setting-a-cohort-study
#18
Nieke A Elbers, Robin Chase, Ashley Craig, Lyn Guy, Ian A Harris, James W Middleton, Michael K Nicholas, Trudy Rebbeck, John Walsh, Simon Willcock, Keri Lockwood, Ian D Cameron
BACKGROUND: Problems may arise during the approval process of treatment after a compensable work injury, which include excess paperwork, delays in approving services, disputes, and allegations of over-servicing. This is perceived as undesirable for injured people, health care professionals and claims managers, and costly to the health care system, compensation system, workplaces and society. Introducing an Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) decision tool in the workers' compensation system could provide a partial solution, by reducing uncertainty about effective treatment...
May 22, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532431/high-prevalence-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-peruvian-adolescents-living-in-a-peri-urban-shantytown-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Elizabeth S Abbs, José Viñoles, Jorge O Alarcón, Heather M Johnson, Joseph R Zunt
BACKGROUND: Adults of the peri-urban Peruvian shantytown of Lomas de Zapallal have a high prevalence of risk factors for developing cardiovascular disease (CVD)-likely due to behavioral choices established during childhood and adolescence. To guide the development of community-based risk reduction programs, we assessed the prevalence of risk factors for developing CVD among adolescents. METHODS: We collected cross sectional data from adolescents of Peruvian peri-urban shantytown to evaluate four domains of CVD risk factors: (1) clinical (blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, and blood lipids), (2) anthropometric (height, weight, and waist circumference), (3) behavioral (physical activity, diet, and substance abuse), and (4) psychosocial (mental health and violence)...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532399/economic-stress-and-condescending-treatment-in-childhood-and-adult-self-rated-health-results-from-a-population-study-in-sweden
#20
Fredrik Granström, Hans-Georg Eriksson, Anu Molarius
BACKGROUND: Even today, 12% of the children in Sweden live in poverty and many children are exposed to adverse experiences, such as being bullied, which may have long-term consequences on public health. This study examined the associations between economic stress and condescending treatment in childhood and self-rated health (SRH) in adulthood. METHODS: The study is based on 26,706 persons who responded to a postal survey questionnaire sent to a random sample of men and women aged 25-84 years in 2012 (response rate 53%)...
May 22, 2017: BMC Public Health
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