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self reported health

Deborah Carvalho Malta, Sheila Rizzato Stopa, Rogerio Canuto, Nayara Lopes Gomes, Vera Lúcia Ferreira Mendes, Bárbara Niegia Garcia de Goulart, Lenildo de Moura
Objective: To describe the self-reported prevalence of intellectual disability, physical, hearing and visual, according to sociodemographic variables, degree of limitation and frequency of rehabilitation service use. Methods: Data from the National Health Survey, a population survey. the self-reported prevalence of physical, mental, visual and hearing were calculated and their 95% confidence intervals, stratified by sex, age, race / color, for Brazil, place of residence and Major Regions...
October 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Kyonayra Quezia Duarte Brito, Tarciana Nobre de Menezes, Ricardo Alves de Olinda
Objective: to verify the prevalence of functional disability among older adults and how it can affect their health conditions and the regular practice of physical activities. Method: this is a household and cross-sectional study conducted with older adults of both sexes. We verified the variables associated with functional disability by Poisson's regression. Results: around 420 older adults participated in this study (68.1% of them being women)...
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Brian Dodge, Debby Herbenick, M Reuel Friedman, Vanessa Schick, Tsung-Chieh Jane Fu, Wendy Bostwick, Elizabeth Bartelt, Miguel Muñoz-Laboy, David Pletta, Michael Reece, Theo G M Sandfort
: As bisexual individuals in the United States (U.S.) face significant health disparities, researchers have posited that these differences may be fueled, at least in part, by negative attitudes, prejudice, stigma, and discrimination toward bisexual individuals from heterosexual and gay/lesbian individuals. Previous studies of individual and social attitudes toward bisexual men and women have been conducted almost exclusively with convenience samples, with limited generalizability to the broader U...
2016: PloS One
Glenda Tettamanti, Alessia Varetta, Marcello Macchi, Cristina Gallotti, Maria Stella Laddomada
The aim of this study was to investigate attitudes and awareness about conventional and electronic cigarettes in a sample of students attending the Faculty of Medicine of Pavia University (Italy). An anonymous and self-reported questionnaire was administered to 226 students attending either the first or third years of medical school during the 2013 to 2014 school year. Participation was voluntary and required signing an informed consent form. The prevalence of smokers was 12%. Sixty-seven percent of smokers reported smoking less than 5 cigarettes/day, and 15% more than 10 cigarettes/day...
July 2016: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
Samuel Stolpe, Michel A Kroes, Neil Webb, Tami Wisniewski
BACKGROUND: Diabetes care is associated with a considerable burden to the health care system in the United States, and measuring the quality of health care is an important development goal of the Department of Health and Human Services and the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. Diabetes is a priority disease within the National Quality Strategy and should therefore remain a focus in the measurement of health care quality. Despite the importance of measuring quality in diabetes care management, no quality measure is currently associated with adherence to insulin treatment, and measuring adherence to insulin is known to be complicated...
November 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
Uduak U Andy, Camille P Vaughan, Kathryn L Burgio, Foluke M Alli, Patricia S Goode, Alayne D Markland
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of constipation, fecal incontinence (FI), and combined symptoms and to identify shared factors associated with bowel symptoms in older U.S. men and women DESIGN: Population-based cross-sectional study. SETTING: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2005-2010). PARTICIPANTS: Women and men aged 50 and older. MEASUREMENTS: Constipation was defined as hard stool consistency on the validated Bristol Stool Form Scale or stool frequency of fewer than three bowel movements per week...
October 26, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Andrea A Kim, Irene Mukui, Peter W Young, Joy Mirjahangir, Sophie Mwanyumba, Joyce Wamicwe, Nancy Bowen, Lubbe Wiesner, Lucy Ng'ang'a, Kevin M De Cock
OBJECTIVES: This analysis assessed the impact of undisclosed HIV infection and antiretroviral therapy (ART) on national estimates of diagnosed HIV and ART coverage in Kenya. METHODS: HIV-positive dried blood spot samples from Kenya's second AIDS Indicator Survey were tested for an antiretroviral biomarker by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Weighted estimates of diagnosed HIV and ART coverage based on self-report were compared with those corrected for undisclosed HIV infection and ART use based on antiretroviral test results...
November 13, 2016: AIDS
Andre B Rosay, Carrie F Mulford
This study examines the prevalence and correlates of psychological abuse and physical abuse against women and men aged 70 or older. Self-report data from 2,185 respondents in the 2010 National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS) were used to create weighted estimates for past-year experiences of abuse. Correlates were then examined using survey logistic regression models. More than 1 in 10 adults who are 70 years of age or older (14.0%) have experienced some form of abuse in the past year, with 12...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Kathleen Gray, Fernando J Martin-Sanchez, Guillermo H Lopez-Campos, Manal Almalki, Mark Merolli
OBJECTIVES: The availability of internet-connected mobile, wearable and ambient consumer technologies, direct-to-consumer e-services and peer-to-peer social media sites far outstrips evidence about the efficiency, effectiveness and efficacy of using them in healthcare applications. The aim of this paper is to describe one approach to build a program of health informatics research, so as to generate rich and robust evidence about health data and information processing in self-quantification and associated healthcare and health outcomes...
October 26, 2016: Methods of Information in Medicine
Roya Kelishadi, Ramin Heshmat, Armindokht Shahsanai, Shirin Djalalinia, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Mojtaba Keikha, Gelayol Ardalan, Fereshteh Najafi, Maliheh Khoramdad, Hamid Asayesh, Mostafa Qorbani
BACKGROUND: The consumption of tobacco through a hookah is growing in popularity, especially among children and adolescents, but little is known about the determinants of hookah smoking. OBJECTIVES: The current study aimed to assess the determinants of tobacco smoking and hookah smoking in a nationally representative sample of Iranian children and adolescents. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was conducted as part of the fourth cross-sectional survey of a national school-based program...
August 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Taylor Jamerson, Rachel Sylvester, Qingmei Jiang, Nicole Corriveau, Jean DuRussel-Weston, Eva Kline-Rogers, Elizabeth A Jackson, Kim A Eagle
PURPOSE: To compare cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors of black and non-black children participating in Project Healthy Schools (PHS), a school-based wellness program. DESIGN: Participants were surveyed and participated in physiological screenings pre- and post-PHS intervention. SETTING: Middle schools in 4 Michigan communities of varying socioeconomic status. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 3813 sixth-grade students comprised the survey sample, and 2297 sixth-grade students comprised the screening sample...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Jane Koziol-McLain, Christine McLean, Maheswaran Rohan, Rose Sisk, Terry Dobbs, Shyamala Nada-Raja, Denise Wilson, Alain C Vandal
BACKGROUND: Automated eHealth Web-based research trials offer people an accessible, confidential opportunity to engage in research that matters to them. eHealth trials may be particularly useful for sensitive issues when seeking health care may be accompanied by shame and mistrust. Yet little is known about people's early engagement with eHealth trials, from recruitment to preintervention autoregistration processes. A recent randomized controlled trial that tested the effectiveness of an eHealth safety decision aid for New Zealand women in the general population who experienced intimate partner violence (isafe) provided the opportunity to examine recruitment and preintervention participant engagement with a fully automated Web-based registration process...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Sierra E Carter, Rheeda L Walker, Carolyn E Cutrona, Ronald L Simons, Steven R H Beach
OBJECTIVE: We examined the mediational role of symptoms of anxiety in accounting for the association of discrimination and chronic health conditions among African-American women. METHODS: Participants were 646 African-American women who completed self-report measures of perceived racial discrimination, symptoms of anxiety, and diagnosed chronic health problems. RESULTS: We examined the mediation hypothesis using a path analytic procedure. Mediational analyses indicated that, above and beyond symptoms of depression, age, and education status, anxiety symptoms were associated with both racial discrimination (β = ...
November 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Jessica L Thomson, Lisa M Tussing-Humphreys, Melissa H Goodman, Sarah E Olender
OBJECTIVES: Delta Healthy Sprouts was designed to test the comparative impact of 2 home visiting curricula on weight status, dietary intake, physical activity, and other health behaviors of rural, southern African-American women and their infants. Results pertaining to physical activity outcomes in the gestational period are reported. METHODS: Eighty-two women, early in their second trimester of pregnancy, were enrolled and randomly assigned to one of 2 treatment arms...
November 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Amanda J Pettus, Carolyn A Mendez-Luck, Caroline D Bergeron, SangNam Ahn, Samuel D Towne, Marcia G Ory, Matthew Lee Smith
OBJECTIVE: This two-part study analyzed data collected from middle-aged (age 44-64) and older women (age 65+) with one or more chronic conditions who completed the National Council on Aging Chronic Care Survey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Part One analyzed data from 418 women to describe sociodemographics, disease types, and healthcare utilization associated with Internet use among middle-aged and older women with 1 or more chronic diseases. Part Two analyzed data from the 251 Internet-using women to identify the online self-care resources they are using (format, host organization) and for what purposes...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Women's Health
Carine Meslot, Aurélie Gauchet, Martin S Hagger, Nikos Chatzisarantis, Audrey Lehmann, Benoît Allenet
BACKGROUND: Low levels of adherence to medication prescribed to treat and manage chronic disease may lead to maladaptive health outcomes. Theory-based, easy-to-administer interventions that promote patients' effective self-regulation of their medication-taking behaviour are needed if adherence is to be maximised. We tested the effectiveness of an intervention adopting planning techniques to promote medication adherence. METHODS: Outpatients with cardiovascular disease (N = 71) were allocated to either an experimental condition, in which participants were asked to form implementation intentions and coping plans related to their treatment, or to a no-planning control condition, in which participants received no treatment...
October 25, 2016: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
Peter J Na, Kim B Kim, Su Yeon Lee-Tauler, Hae-Ra Han, Miyong T Kim, Hochang B Lee
OBJECTIVE: Our aim is to investigate the prevalence and predictors of suicidal ideation among Korean American older adults and assess the self-rated mental health of Korean American older adults with suicidal ideation with or without depressive syndrome. METHODS: The Memory and Aging Study of Koreans is a cross-sectional, epidemiologic study of a community-representative sample of Korean American older adults (N = 1116) residing in the Baltimore-Washington area...
October 25, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Ivy Shiue
Links between environmental chemicals and human health have emerged over the last few decades, but the effects from polyaromatic hydrocarbons were less studied, compared to other commonly known environmental chemicals such as heavy metals, phthalates, arsenic, phenols, pesticides, etc. Therefore, the aim of the study was to examine the relationships of urinary polyaromatic hydrocarbons and adult respiratory health conditions using a large human sample in a national and population-based setting in recent years...
October 24, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Oni J Blackstock, Brent A Moore, Gail V Berkenblit, Sarah K Calabrese, Chinazo O Cunningham, David A Fiellin, Viraj V Patel, Karran A Phillips, Jeanette M Tetrault, Minesh Shah, E Jennifer Edelman
BACKGROUND: Among health care providers, prescription of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has been low. Little is known specifically about primary care physicians (PCPs) with regard to PrEP awareness and adoption (i.e., prescription or referral), and factors associated with adoption. OBJECTIVE: To assess PrEP awareness, PrEP adoption, and factors associated with adoption among PCPs. DESIGN: Cross-sectional online survey conducted in April and May 2015...
October 24, 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Thérésa Lebacq, Cloë Ost, Sarah Bel, Loes Brocatus, Eveline Teppers, Koenraad Cuypers, Jean Tafforeau, Karin A A De Ridder
BACKGROUND: There is strong evidence to indicate that regular moderate intensity physical activity is associated with health benefits. Furthermore, sedentary behavior has been related with an increased risk for all-cause mortality. The accurate measurement of physical activity and sedentary behavior is therefore vital to evaluate their health impact and provide evidence for the development of public health recommendations. This paper describes the methodology used for assessing physical activity and sedentary behavior in the Belgian population in the context of the Belgian National Food Consumption Survey 2014 (BNFCS2014)...
2016: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
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