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Collagen vascular diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440556/direct-hemoperfusion-with-polymyxin-b-immobilized-fibre-treatment-for-acute-exacerbation-of-interstitial-pneumonia
#1
Haruhiko Furusawa, Makiko Sugiura, Chieko Mitaka, Naohiko Inase
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Acute exacerbation of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (AE-IPF) is recognized as an important cause of mortality. AE has also been reported in patients with other interstitial lung diseases such as idiopathic non-specific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP) and interstitial pneumonia associated with collagen vascular disease (CVD). Current therapies such as high-dose corticosteroid with immunosuppressive agents have provided little benefit for AE. Direct hemoperfusion (DHP) with a polymyxin B-immobilized fibre column (PMX) was originally developed for the treatment of endotoxaemia...
April 25, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438687/dietary-nitrite-supplementation-attenuates-cardiac-remodeling-in-l-name-induced-hypertensive-rats
#2
Kunihiro Sonoda, Kazuo Ohtake, Hiroyuki Uchida, Junta Ito, Masaki Uchida, Hideshi Natsume, Hazuki Tamada, Jun Kobayashi
Loss of nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability underlies the development of hypertensive heart disease. We investigated the effects of dietary nitrite on N(G)-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME)-induced hypertension. Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into five groups: an untreated control group, an l-NAME-treated group, and three other l-NAME-treated groups supplemented with 10 mg/L or 100 mg/L of nitrite or 100 mg/L of captopril in drinking water. After the 8-week experimental period, mean arterial blood pressure was measured, followed by sampling of blood and heart tissue for assessment of nitrite/nitrate levels in the plasma and heart, the plasma level of angiotensin II (AT II), and the heart transcriptional levels of AT II type 1 receptor (AT1R), transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), and connective tissue proteins such as type 1 collagen and fibronectin...
April 21, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430983/absence-of-endothelial-er%C3%AE-results-in-arterial-remodeling-and-decreased-stiffness-in-western-diet-fed-male-mice
#3
Camila Manrique-Acevedo, Francisco I Ramirez-Perez, Jaume Padilla, Victoria J Vieira-Potter, Annayya R Aroor, Brady J Barron, Dongqing Chen, Dominic Haertling, Cory Declue, James R Sowers, Luis A Martinez-Lemus
The role of estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) signaling in the vasculature of females has been described under different experimental conditions and our group recently reported that lack of endothelial ERα in female mice fed a Western diet (WD) results in amelioration of vascular stiffness. Conversely, the role of ERα in the male vasculature in this setting has not been explored. In conditions of over-nutrition and insulin resistance, augmented arterial stiffness, endothelial dysfunction and arterial remodeling contribute to the development of cardiovascular disease...
April 18, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430966/decreased-thromboembolic-stroke-but-not-atherosclerosis-or-vascular-remodeling-in-mice-with-rock2-deficient-platelets
#4
Nikola Sladojevic, Goo Taeg Oh, Hyung-Hwan Kim, Lea M Beaulieu, Hervé Falet, Karol Kaminski, Jane E Freedman, James K Liao
Aims: Rho-associated coiled-coil containing kinase (ROCK)-2 is an important mediator of the actin cytoskeleton. Because changes in the actin cytoskeleton are critical for platelet function, we hypothesized that ROCK2 in platelets will play important role in thrombosis and can be potentially a target for therapeutic intervention in thromboembolic stroke. Methods and Results: We generated platelet-specific ROCK2-deficient mice (ROCK2 Plt-/- ) from conditional ROCK2 fl°x/fl°x and platelet factor (PF)-4-Cre transgenic mice...
April 14, 2017: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429547/the-use-of-bone-turnover-markers-in-chronic-kidney-disease-mineral-and-bone-disorders
#5
Cherie Chiang
Bone turnover markers assist in fracture risk prediction, management and monitoring of osteoporosis in patients without chronic kidney disease (CKD). The use in CKD-mineral bone disorder (MBD) has been limited as many of these markers and breakdown products are renally excreted, including the most commonly used and well standardized procollagen type I N propeptide and C-terminal cross-linking telopeptide of type I collagen. Of the markers unaffected by renal function, bone specific alkaline phosphatase is associated with mortality and fracture rate in CKD subjects and is now available on several automated analysers...
March 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426572/nonhealing-ulcers-in-patients-with-tophaceous-gout-a-systematic-review
#6
Gretl Lam, Frank L Ross, Ernest S Chiu
GENERAL PURPOSE: To provide information from a review of the literature about chronic ulcers associated with tophaceous gout. TARGET AUDIENCE: This continuing education activity is intended for physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care. LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES: After participating in this educational activity, the participant should be better able to:1. Identify the pathophysiology of tophaceous gout, its presentation, phases, and common comorbidities...
May 2017: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425846/alterations-to-adipose-tissue-morphology-during-inflammatory-arthritis-is-indicative-of-vasculopathology-in-dba-1-mice
#7
Katie Sime, Ernest H Choy, Anwen S Williams
The physiologic function of adipose tissue is altered by the host's inflammatory response; the implications for maintaining human health and regulating inflammation-associated disease progression are ill defined. However, this cannot be investigated in humans, therefore the use of animal models is required. With the aim to determine morphological and molecular alterations to perivascular and organ-associated adipose tissues during inflammatory arthritis, collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) was established in male DBA/1 mice...
February 21, 2017: Adipocyte
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423354/cd54-rabbit-adipose-derived-stem-cells-overexpressing-hif-1%C3%AE-facilitate-vascularized-fat-flap-regeneration
#8
De-Quan Li, Guan-Ming Lu, Yi-Dan Liang, Zhi-Jie Liang, Min-Hong Huang, Qi-Liu Peng, Dong-Hua Zou, Rong-He Gu, Fang-Tian Xu, Hui Gao, Zhen-Dong Chen, Guang-Yi Chi, Zhong-Heng Wei, Li Chen, Hong-Mian Li
Fat flap transplantation is frequently performed in patients suffering from soft tissue defects resulting from disease or trauma. This study explored the feasibility of constructing vascularized fat flaps using rabbit adipose-derived stem cells (rASCs) and collagen scaffolds in a rabbit model. We evaluated rASCs proliferation, paracrine function, adipogenesis, vascularization, and CD54 expression, with or without HIF-1α transfection in vitro and in vivo. We observed that adipogenic differentiation potential was greater in rASCs with high CD54 expression (CD54+rASCs) than in those with low expression (CD54-rASCs), both in vitro and in vivo...
April 1, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417064/adenocarcinoma-of-the-lung-presenting-as-thrombotic-thrombocytopenic-purpura
#9
Ahmed Dirweesh, Waqas Siddiqui, Muhammad Khan, Praneet Iyer, Marc Seelagy
Acquired thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) usually presents as severe microangiopathic hemolytic anemia (MAHA) and thrombocytopenia in a previously healthy individual. It occurs in approximately three in one million adults and 1 in 10 million children annually. The incidence is increased in females and blacks. Diagnosing TTP and initiating therapy with plasma exchange is a must to avoid preventable complications. Acquired thromotic microangiopathy has been linked to collagen vascular diseases, use of certain medications, organ transplants, infections, pregnancy and cancer...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413031/matrix-metalloproteinases-in-remodeling-of-lower-extremity-veins-and-chronic-venous-disease
#10
Yunfei Chen, Wei Peng, Joseph D Raffetto, Raouf A Khalil
The veins of the lower extremity are equipped with efficient wall, contractile vascular smooth muscle (VSM), and competent valves in order to withstand the high venous hydrostatic pressure in the lower limb and allow unidirectional movement of deoxygenated blood toward the heart. The vein wall structure and function are in part regulated by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). MMPs are zinc-dependent endopeptidases that are secreted as inactive pro-MMPs by different cells in the venous wall including fibroblasts, VSM, and leukocytes...
2017: Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407719/anti-inflammatory-activity-of-clove-eugenia-caryophyllata-essential-oil-in-human-dermal-fibroblasts
#11
Xuesheng Han, Tory L Parker
CONTEXT: Clove (Eugenia caryophyllata Thunb. [Myrtaceae]) essential oil (CEO) has been shown to possess antimicrobial, antifungal, antiviral, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anticancer properties. However, few studies have focused on its topical use. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the biological activity of a commercially available CEO in a human skin disease model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated the effect of CEO on 17 protein biomarkers that play critical roles in inflammation and tissue remodelling in a validated human dermal fibroblast system, which was designed to model chronic inflammation and fibrosis...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393175/trpm7-channels-mediate-the-functional-changes-in-cardiac-fibroblasts-induced-by-angiotensin-ii
#12
Sha Li, Mingjiang Li, Xin Yi, Furong Guo, Yanli Zhou, Suqin Chen, Xian Wu
Transient receptor potential melastatin 7 (TRPM7), a bifunctional channel protein owning both cation permeability and kinase activity, plays an important role in the pathophysiological process of many cell types, such as vascular smooth muscle cells, human glioma cells and mouse cortical astrocytes. However, whether TRPM7 channels play a key role in the functional change of cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) induced by angiotensin II (Ang II) remains unknown. Using Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, immunofluorescence assay, western blot analysis, RT-qPCR, RNA interference (RNAi) and whole-cell patch-clamp techniques, the present study aimed to explore the role of TRPM7 channels in the proliferation, differentiation and collagen synthesis of CFs induced by Ang II...
April 6, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381776/pathological-analysis-of-the-ruptured-vascular-wall-of-hypoperfusion-induced-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-animal-model
#13
Hirona Kugo, Nobuhiro Zaima, Hiroki Tanaka, Keisuke Hashimoto, Chie Miyamoto, Ayaka Sawaragi, Tetsumei Urano, Naoki Unno, Tatsuya Moriyama
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a vascular disease that results in the gradual dilation of the abdominal aorta and has a high rupture-related mortality rate. However, the mechanism of AAA rupture remains unknown. In our previous study, we established a novel AAA animal model (hypoperfusion-induced AAA rat model) with spontaneous AAA rupture. Using the hypoperfusion-induced AAA rat model, we demonstrated that the abnormal appearance of adipocytes in the vascular wall is associated with AAA rupture. However, pathological analysis of the rupture area has not been performed because it is particularly difficult to identify the rupture point...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381537/type-i-collagen-targeted-pet-probe-for-pulmonary-fibrosis-detection-and-staging-in-preclinical-models
#14
Pauline Désogère, Luis F Tapias, Lida P Hariri, Nicholas J Rotile, Tyson A Rietz, Clemens K Probst, Francesco Blasi, Helen Day, Mari Mino-Kenudson, Paul Weinreb, Shelia M Violette, Bryan C Fuchs, Andrew M Tager, Michael Lanuti, Peter Caravan
Pulmonary fibrosis is scarring of the lungs that can arise from radiation injury, drug toxicity, environmental or genetic causes, and for unknown reasons [idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF)]. Overexpression of collagen is a hallmark of organ fibrosis. We describe a peptide-based positron emission tomography (PET) probe ((68)Ga-CBP8) that targets collagen type I. We evaluated (68)Ga-CBP8 in vivo in the bleomycin-induced mouse model of pulmonary fibrosis. (68)Ga-CBP8 showed high specificity for pulmonary fibrosis and high target/background ratios in diseased animals...
April 5, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365565/bilirubin-prevents-atherosclerotic-lesion-formation-in-low-density-lipoprotein-receptor-deficient-mice-by-inhibiting-endothelial-vcam-1-and-icam-1-signaling
#15
Megan E Vogel, Gila Idelman, Eddy S Konaniah, Stephen D Zucker
BACKGROUND: Numerous epidemiological studies support an inverse association between serum bilirubin levels and the incidence of cardiovascular disease; however, the mechanism(s) by which bilirubin may protect against atherosclerosis is undefined. The goals of the present investigations were to assess the ability of bilirubin to prevent atherosclerotic plaque formation in low-density lipoprotein receptor-deficient (Ldlr(-/-) ) mice and elucidate the molecular processes underlying this effect...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364044/high-serum-thrombospondin-1-concentration-is-associated-with-slower-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-growth-and-deficiency-promotes-angiotensin-ii-induced-aneurysm-in-mice
#16
Smriti M Krishna, Saiwang Seto, Roby Jose, Jiaze Li, Joseph V Moxon, Paula Clancy, David J Crossman, Paul E Norman, Theophilus I Emeto, Jonathan Golledge
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a common age-related vascular disease characterized by progressive weakening and dilatation of the aortic wall. Thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1; gene Thbs1) is a member of the matricellular protein family important in the control of extracellular matrix remodeling. In this study, the association of serum TSP-1 concentration with AAA progression was assessed in 276 men that underwent repeat ultrasound for a median 5.5 years. AAA growth was negatively correlated with serum TSP-1 concentration ( Spearman's rho (-)0...
March 31, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360865/bosutinib-therapy-ameliorates-lung-inflammation-and-fibrosis-in-experimental-silicosis
#17
Priscila J Carneiro, Amanda L Clevelario, Gisele A Padilha, Johnatas D Silva, Jamil Z Kitoko, Priscilla C Olsen, Vera L Capelozzi, Patricia R M Rocco, Fernanda F Cruz
Silicosis is an occupational lung disease for which no effective therapy exists. We hypothesized that bosutinib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, might ameliorate inflammatory responses, attenuate pulmonary fibrosis, and thus improve lung function in experimental silicosis. For this purpose, we investigated the potential efficacy of bosutinib in the treatment of experimental silicosis induced in C57BL/6 mice by intratracheal administration of silica particles. After 15 days, once disease was established, animals were randomly assigned to receive DMSO or bosutinib (1 mg/kg/dose in 0...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355300/evaluation-of-synthetic-vascular-grafts-in-a-mouse-carotid-grafting-model
#18
Alex H P Chan, Richard P Tan, Praveesuda L Michael, Bob S L Lee, Laura Z Vanags, Martin K C Ng, Christina A Bursill, Steven G Wise
Current animal models for the evaluation of synthetic grafts are lacking many of the molecular tools and transgenic studies available to other branches of biology. A mouse model of vascular grafting would allow for the study of molecular mechanisms of graft failure, including in the context of clinically relevant disease states. In this study, we comprehensively characterise a sutureless grafting model which facilitates the evaluation of synthetic grafts in the mouse carotid artery. Using conduits electrospun from polycaprolactone (PCL) we show the gradual development of a significant neointima within 28 days, found to be greatest at the anastomoses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348005/vascular-basement-membrane-alterations-and-%C3%AE-amyloid-accumulations-in-an-animal-model-of-cerebral-small-vessel-disease
#19
Friederike Held, Alan W J Morris, Daniel Pirici, Solveig Niklass, Matthew M G Sharp, Cornelia Garz, Anne Assmann, Hans-Jochen Heinze, Frank Schreiber, Roxana Octavia Carare, Stefanie Schreiber
Non-amyloid cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) and cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) may be interrelated by the damaged basement membranes (BMs) and extracellular matrix changes of small vessels, resulting in a failure of β-amyloid (Aβ) transport and degradation. We analysed BM changes and the pattern of deposition of Aβ in the walls of blood vessels in spontaneously hypertensive stroke-prone rats (SHRSP), a non-transgenic CSVD model. In 45 SHRSP and 38 Wistar rats aged 18 to 32 weeks 1) the percentage area immunostained for vascular collagen IV and laminin was quantified, 2) the capillary BM thickness as well as endothelial and pericyte pathological changes were analysed using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and 3) the presence of vascular Aβ was assessed...
March 27, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345303/arterial-ageing-from-endothelial-dysfunction-to-vascular-calcification
#20
M Tesauro, A Mauriello, V Rovella, M Annicchiarico-Petruzzelli, C Cardillo, G Melino, N Di Daniele
Complex structural and functional changes occur in the arterial system with advancing age. The aged artery is characterized by changes in microRNA expression patterns, autophagy, smooth muscle cell migration and proliferation, and arterial calcification with progressively increased mechanical vessel rigidity and stiffness. With age the vascular smooth muscle cells modify their phenotype from contractile to 'synthetic' determining the development of intimal thickening as early as the second decade of life as an adaptive response to forces acting on the arterial wall...
May 2017: Journal of Internal Medicine
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