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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092820/pcr-screening-of-an-african-fermented-pearl-millet-porridge-metagenome-to-investigate-the-nutritional-potential-of-its-microbiota
#1
Fabien Saubade, Christèle Humblot, Youna M Hemery, Jean-Pierre Guyot
Cereals are staple foods in most African countries, and many African cereal-based foods are spontaneously fermented. The nutritional quality of cereal products can be enhanced through fermentation, and traditional cereal-based fermented foods (CBFFs) are possible sources of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) with useful nutritional properties. The nutritional properties of LAB vary depending on the species and even on the strain, and the microbial composition of traditional CBFFs varies from one traditional production unit (TPU) to another...
December 29, 2016: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091709/use-of-in-silico-models-for-prioritization-of-heat-induced-food-contaminants-in-mutagenicity-and-carcinogenicity-testing
#2
Falko Frenzel, Thorsten Buhrke, Irina Wenzel, Jennifer Andrack, Jan Hielscher, Alfonso Lampen
Numerous Maillard reaction and lipid oxidation products are present in processed foods such as heated cereals, roasted meat, refined oils, coffee, and juices. Due to the lack of experimental toxicological data, risk assessment is hardly possible for most of these compounds. In the present study, an in silico approach was employed for the prediction of the toxicological endpoints mutagenicity and carcinogenicity on the basis of the structure of the respective compound, to examine (quantitative) structure-activity relationships for more than 800 compounds...
January 16, 2017: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088280/comparative-study-of-colloidal-gold-and-quantum-dots-as-labels-for-multiplex-screening-tests-for-multi-mycotoxin-detection
#3
Astrid Foubert, Natalia V Beloglazova, Sarah De Saeger
Quantum dots (QDs) and colloidal gold nanoparticles (CG) were evaluated as labels for multiplex lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA) for determination of mycotoxins deoxynivalenol (DON), zearalenone (ZEN) and T2/HT2-toxin (T2/HT2) in cereal matrices. Both developed assays were based on the same immunoreagents (except for the labels), therefore their analytical characteristics could be objectively compared. For both LFIAs antigens (DON-ovalbumin (OVA), ZEN-OVA and T2-OVA) and rabbit anti-mouse immunoglobulin were immobilized on a nitrocellulose membrane as three test lines and one control line, respectively...
February 22, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088172/ecotilling-by-sequencing-reveals-polymorphisms-in-genes-encoding-starch-synthases-that-are-associated-with-low-glycemic-response-in-rice
#4
Ramadoss Bharathi Raja, Somanath Agasimani, Sarita Jaiswal, Venkatesan Thiruvengadam, Robin Sabariappan, Ravindra N Chibbar, Sundaram Ganesh Ram
BACKGROUND: Glycemic response, a trait that is tedious to be assayed in cereal staples, has been identified as a factor correlated with alarmingly increasing prevalence of Type II diabetes. Reverse genetics based discovery of allelic variants associated with this nutritional trait gains significance as they can provide scope for genetic improvement of this factor which is otherwise difficult to target through routine screening methods. RESULTS: Through EcoTILLING by sequencing in 512 rice accessions, we report the discovery of six deleterious variants in the genes with potential to increase Resistant Starch (RS) and reduce Hydrolysis Index (HI) of starch...
January 14, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086798/genome-wide-association-analysis-of-seedling-traits-in-diverse-sorghum-germplasm-under-thermal-stress
#5
Ratan Chopra, Gloria Burow, John J Burke, Nicholas Gladman, Zhanguo Xin
BACKGROUND: Climate variability due to fluctuation in temperature is a worldwide concern that imperils crop production. The need to understand how the germplasm variation in major crops can be utilized to aid in discovering and developing breeding lines that can withstand and adapt to temperature fluctuations is more necessary than ever. Here, we analyzed the genetic variation associated with responses to thermal stresses in a sorghum association panel (SAP) representing major races and working groups to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that are associated with resilience to temperature stress in a major cereal crop...
January 13, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081179/effect-of-straw-amendment-on-soil-zn-availability-and-ageing-of-exogenous-water-soluble-zn-applied-to-calcareous-soil
#6
Yanlong Chen, Juan Cui, Xiaohong Tian, Aiqing Zhao, Meng Li, Shaoxia Wang, Xiushaung Li, Zhou Jia, Ke Liu
Organic matter plays a key role in availability and transformation of soil Zn (zinc), which greatly controls Zn concentrations in cereal grains and human Zn nutrition level. Accordingly, soils homogenized with the wheat straw (0, 12 g straw kg-1) and Zn fertilizer (0, 7 mg Zn kg-1) were buried and incubated in the field over 210 days to explore the response of soil Zn availability and the ageing of exogenous Zn to straw addition. Results indicated that adding straw alone scarcely affected soil DTPA-Zn concentration and Zn fractions because of the low Zn concentration of wheat straw and the high soil pH, and large clay and calcium carbonate contents...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080834/low-adherence-to-dietary-guidelines-in-spain-especially-in-the-overweight-obese-population-the-anibes-study
#7
Elena Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Aránzazu Aparicio, Javier Aranceta-Bartrina, Ángel Gil, Marcela González-Gross, Lluis Serra-Majem, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras, Rosa M Ortega
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze the dietary intake of the Spanish population according to ponderal status and body fat distribution. METHODS: Data were obtained from ANIBES (Anthropometry, Intake, and Energy Balance in Spain), a cross-sectional study of a nationally representative sample (1013 men, 996 women) of the Spanish population (18-64 years). The final fieldwork was carried out from mid-September to November (three months) 2013. A 3-day dietary record provided information about food and beverage consumption...
January 12, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079937/cereal-immunity-against-powdery-mildews-targets-rnase-like-proteins-associated-with-haustoria-ralph-effectors-evolved-from-a-common-ancestral-gene
#8
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078982/phytochemicals-a-novel-and-prominent-source-of-anti-cancer-drugs-against-colorectal-cancer
#9
Ravikiran Mahadevappa, Hang Fai Kwok
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a malignant disease whose incidence and mortality rates are greatly influenced by environmental factors. Under-treatment of CRC such as a poor diagnostic evaluation, less aggressive surgery, less intensive chemotherapy results in metastasizing of the primary tumor cells and recurrence of cancer. Prolonged chemotherapy treatment against cancer is hazardous to the patients, which also limits its use in cancer therapy. Current research in developing a novel anti-cancer agent, direct towards finding a better anti-metastatic and an anti-invasive drug with reduced side effects...
January 12, 2017: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075645/lessons-from-a-2016-large-scale-contamination-of-cereals-with-salmonella-altona-in-israel
#10
Eran Kopel, Nadav Davidovitch, Hagai Levine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071032/legume-seeds-and-cereal-grains-capacity-to-accumulate-iron-while-sprouting-in-order-to-obtain-food-fortificant
#11
Magdalena Zielińska-Dawidziak, Halina Staniek, Ewelina Król, Dorota Piasecka-Kwiatkowska, Tomasz Twardowski
BACKGROUND: Prepared sprouts, after culturing in a medium with an increased iron concentration, could become a beneficial food iron fortificant. However, the efficient iron accumulation depends on the plants genus, species and/or varieties. The aim of the study was to indicate the seeds or grains which accumulate iron most efficiently during the sprouting process. METHODS: Alfalfa, lentil, lupine and soybean seeds as well as wheat grains were sprouted in abiotic stress conditions induced by the excess of iron(II) in culture media...
July 2016: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071023/effect-of-food-processing-on-the-physicochemical-properties-of-dietary-fibre
#12
Vasfiye Hazal Ozyurt, Semih Ötles
Products derived from the manufacturing or processing of plant based foods: cereals, fruits, vegetables, as well as algae, are sources of abundant dietary fibre. Diets high in dietary fibre have been associated with the reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension, obesity, and gastrointestinal disorders. These fibre-rich products and byproducts can also fortify foods, increase their dietary fibre content and result in healthy products, low in calories, cholesterol and fat. Traditionally, consumers have chosen foods such as whole grains, fruits and vegetables as sources of dietary fibre...
July 2016: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070736/genome-wide-analysis-of-mirnas-and-tasi-rnas-in-zea-mays-in-response-to-phosphate-deficiency
#13
Saurabh Gupta, Manju Kumari, Himansu Kumar, Pritish Kumar Varadwaj
Globally important cereal crop maize provides important nutritions and starch in dietary foods. Low phosphate (LPi) availability in the soil frequently limits the maize quality and yield across the world. Small non-coding RNAs (Snc-RNAs) play crucial roles in growth and adaptation of plants to the environment. Snc-RNAs like microRNAs (miRs) and trans-acting small interfering RNAs (Tasi-Rs) play important functions in posttranscriptional regulation of gene expression, which controls plant development, reproduction, and biotic/abiotic stress responses...
January 9, 2017: Functional & Integrative Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070639/effects-of-a-diet-rich-in-arabinoxylan-and-resistant-starch-compared-with-a-diet-rich-in-refined-carbohydrates-on-postprandial-metabolism-and-features-of-the-metabolic-syndrome
#14
Anne Grethe Schioldan, Søren Gregersen, Stine Hald, Ann Bjørnshave, Mette Bohl, Bolette Hartmann, Jens Juul Holst, Hans Stødkilde-Jørgensen, Kjeld Hermansen
PURPOSE: Low intake of dietary fibre is associated with the development of type 2 diabetes. Dyslipidaemia plays a key role in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes. Knowledge of the impact of dietary fibres on postprandial lipaemia is, however, sparse. This study aimed in subjects with metabolic syndrome to assess the impact on postprandial lipaemia and features of the metabolic syndrome of a healthy carbohydrate diet (HCD) rich in cereal fibre, arabinoxylan and resistant starch compared to a refined-carbohydrate western-style diet (WSD)...
January 9, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070319/development-of-a-nutrient-dense-complementary-food-using-amaranth-sorghum-grains
#15
Judith Kanensi Okoth, Sophie Atieno Ochola, Nicholas K Gikonyo, Anselimo Makokha
Thin porridge from cereals and starchy tubers is a common complementary food in Sub Saharan Africa. It may be high in antinutrients, low in energy, and nutrient density hence inadequate in providing infants' high energy and nutrients requirements per unit body weight. Consequently, undernourishment levels among children under 5 years are high. Therefore, there is need to avail nutrient-dense complementary foods especially for children in low-resource settings. The study was aimed at developing a nutrient-dense complementary food from amaranth and sorghum grains...
January 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068488/side-streams-of-plant-food-processing-as-a-source-of-valuable-compounds-selected-examples
#16
Andreas Schieber
Industrial processing of plant-derived raw materials generates enormous amounts of by-products. On one hand, these by-products constitute a serious disposal issue because they often emerge seasonally and are prone to microbial decay. On the other hand, they are an abundant source of valuable compounds, in particular secondary plant metabolites and cell wall materials, which may be recovered and used to functionalize foods and replace synthetic additives with ingredients of natural origin. This review covers 150 references and presents select studies performed between 2001 and 2016 on the recovery, characterization, and application of valuable constituents from grape pomace, apple pomace, potato peels, tomato pomace, carrot pomace, onion peels, by-products of citrus, mango, banana, and pineapple processing, side streams of olive oil production, and cereal by-products...
January 4, 2017: Annual Review of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067592/sociodemographic-factors-differentiating-the-consumer-and-the-motivations-for-functional-food-consumption
#17
Artur Kraus, Azzurra Annunziata, Riccardo Vecchio
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the (1) role of gender, age, and education in the evaluation of multidimensional criteria of the purchase of functional products, which were (a) quality and organoleptic attributes, (b) attributes of packaging and labeling, (c) healthful properties, (d) functional components, (e) base product (carrier) and (2) most important motives for the purchase and consumption of functional food among consumers of different sociodemographic profiles...
January 9, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067117/furan-in-commercial-baby-foods-from-the-spanish-market-estimation-of-daily-intake-and-risk-assessment
#18
M S Altaki, F J Santos, L Puignou, M T Galceran
The occurrence of furan in commercial baby food samples from the Spanish market was evaluated using an automated headspace solid-phase microextraction method coupled to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (HS-SPME-GC-MS). A total of seventy six baby food samples including infant formula, baby cereals, fruit in cans and/or jars, vegetables, meat, and fish, were surveyed for furan content. The lowest concentration of this compound was found in infant formula (<0.02 - 0.33 ng mL(-1)), and cereal-based food (0...
January 9, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066943/potential-value-of-the-common-vetch-vicia-sativa-l-as-an-animal-feedstuff-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Y F Huang, X L Gao, Z B Nan, Z X Zhang
The objective of this review was to systematically evaluate common vetch seeds as a potential feedstuff for animals, by summarizing and discussing the available published literature covering their nutritional composition as well as their content of antinutritional factors and potential techniques for their reduction. In addition, animal feeding studies that have investigated the effect of inclusion of common vetch seeds on animal growth and performance were identified and evaluated to stimulate interest in their use as a good source of nutrients for inclusion in animal diets...
January 8, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065633/micronutrient-intake-is-inadequate-for-a-sample-of-pregnant-african-american-women
#20
Susan W Groth, Patricia A Stewart, Deborah J Ossip, Robert C Block, Nellie Wixom, I Diana Fernandez
BACKGROUND: Micronutrient intake is critical for fetal development and positive pregnancy outcomes. Little is known about the adequacy of micronutrient intake in pregnant African-American women. OBJECTIVE: To describe nutrient sufficiency and top food groups contributing to dietary intake of select micronutrients in low-income pregnant African-American women and determine whether micronutrient intake varies with early pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and/or gestational weight gain...
January 5, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
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