keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cereal

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741224/comparative-analysis-of-histone-modifications-and-dna-methylation-at-osbz8-locus-under-salinity-stress-in-ir64-and-nonabokra-rice-varieties
#1
Amit Paul, Pratiti Dasgupta, Dipan Roy, Shubho Chaudhuri
Rice being an important cereal crop is highly sensitive to salinity stress causing growth retardation and loss in productivity. However, certain rice genotypes like Nonabokra and Pokkali show a high level of tolerance towards salinity stress compared to IR64 variety. This differential response of tolerant varieties towards salinity stress may be a cumulative effect of genetic and epigenetic factors. In this study, we have compared the salinity-induced changes in chromatin modifications at the OsBZ8 locus in salt-tolerant Nonabokra and salt-sensitive IR64 rice varieties...
July 24, 2017: Plant Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736890/insect-frass-in-stored-cereal-products-as-a-potential-source-of-lactobacillus-sanfranciscensis-for-sourdough-ecosystem
#2
Federica Boiocchi, Davide Porcellato, Lidia Limonta, Claudia Picozzi, Ileana Vigentini, Daria Patrizia Locatelli, Roberto Foschino
AIM: Insect frass samples were collected from Drosophila melanogaster, Plodia interpunctella, Rhyzopertha dominica, Sitophilus granarius, S. oryzae, S. zeamais, Tribolium confusum and T. castaneum to elucidate if they can be the origin of Type I sourdough microorganisms (Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis and Candida milleri). METHODS AND RESULTS: Selective enrichments were carried out to isolate Lactic Acid Bacteria and yeast. A metagenetic analysis, targeted on bacterial 16S rRNA gene and fungal ITS region, was performed by using Illumina MiSeq protocol...
July 23, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735452/characterization-of-polymeric-substance-classes-in-cereal-based-beverages-using-asymmetrical-flow-field-flow-fractionation-with-a-multi-detection-system
#3
Georg Krebs, Thomas Becker, Martina Gastl
Cereal-based beverages contain a complex mixture of various polymeric macromolecules including polysaccharides, peptides, and polyphenols. The molar mass of polymers and their degradation products affect different technological and especially sensory parameters of beverages. Asymmetrical flow field-flow fractionation (AF4) coupled with multi-angle light scattering (MALS) and refractive index detection (dRI) or UV detection (UV) is a technique for structure and molar mass distribution analysis of macromolecules commonly used for pure compound solutions...
July 22, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730463/exploring-new-alleles-for-frost-tolerance-in-winter-rye
#4
Wiltrud Erath, Eva Bauer, D Brian Fowler, Andres Gordillo, Viktor Korzun, Mira Ponomareva, Malthe Schmidt, Brigitta Schmiedchen, Peer Wilde, Chris-Carolin Schön
Rye genetic resources provide a valuable source of new alleles for the improvement of frost tolerance in rye breeding programs. Frost tolerance is a must-have trait for winter cereal production in northern and continental cropping areas. Genetic resources should harbor promising alleles for the improvement of frost tolerance of winter rye elite lines. For frost tolerance breeding, the identification of quantitative trait loci (QTL) and the choice of optimum genome-based selection methods are essential. We identified genomic regions involved in frost tolerance of winter rye by QTL mapping in a biparental population derived from a highly frost tolerant selection from the Canadian cultivar Puma and the European elite line Lo157...
July 20, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728777/the-emerging-nutritional-problems-of-school-adolescents-overweight-obesity-and-associated-factors-in-jimma-town-ethiopia
#5
Nurezeman Gali, Dessalegn Tamiru, Meseret Tamrat
BACKGROUND: Globally, overweight is rapidly becoming one of the most important medical and public health problems. Adolescent obesity is a multisystem disease with potentially devastating consequences that persist into adulthood. However, there is a paucity of available information regarding the adolescent overweight and obesity in Ethiopia, particularly in the study area. METHODS: A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted from March to April/2015 among 546 adolescents...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727064/ileal-starch-digestibility-of-different-cereal-grains-fed-to-growing-pigs
#6
P Rosenfelder-Kuon, E J P Strang, H K Spindler, M Eklund, R Mosenthin
The objective of the present study was to determine, in growing pigs, the ileal starch digestibility and ileal digestible starch content of 8 different genotypes of barley, rye, triticale, and wheat each. Therefore, 4 experiments were conducted with 34 ileally cannulated growing pigs (initial BW of 24 to 32 kg) in total. The experimental diets were formulated to contain 1 of the 8 genotypes of each cereal grain at an inclusion level of 95%. Cereal grains were ground through a 2-mm sieve and were the sole dietary source of starch...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726767/fat-taste-sensitivity-is-associated-with-short-term-and-habitual-fat-intake
#7
Andrew Costanzo, Liliana Orellana, Caryl Nowson, Konsta Duesing, Russell Keast
Evidence suggests individuals less sensitive to fat taste (high fat taste thresholds (FTT)) may be overweight or obese and consume greater amounts of dietary fat than more sensitive individuals. The aims of this study were to assess associations between FTT, anthropometric measurements, fat intake, and liking of fatty foods. FTT was assessed in 69 Australian females (mean age 41.3 (15.6) (SD) years and mean body mass index 26.3 (5.7) kg/m²) by a 3-alternate forced choice methodology and transformed to an ordinal scale (FT rank)...
July 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726249/zmmyb14-is-an-important-transcription-factor-involved-in-the-regulation-of-the-activity-of-the-zmbt1-promoter-in-starch-biosynthesis-in-maize
#8
Qianlin Xiao, Yayun Wang, Jia Du, Hui Li, Bin Wei, Yongbin Wang, Yangping Li, Guowu Yu, Hanmei Liu, Junjie Zhang, Yinghong Liu, Yufeng Hu, Yubi Huang
The biosynthesis of starch is a complex process that depends on the regulatory mechanisms of different functional enzymes and transcriptional regulation plays an important role in this process. Brittle 1, encoded by BT1, is a transporter of adenosine diphosphate-glucose, which plays an important role in the biosynthesis of starch in the endosperm of cereals. Here, we report that the promoter (pZmBT1) of the maize BT1 homolog, ZmBT1, contains an MBSI site (TAACTG), which is important for its activity. Moreover, high expression level of the gene for ZmMYB14 transcription factor was observed in the maize endosperm; its expression pattern was similar to those of the starch synthesis related genes in maize seeds...
July 20, 2017: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726047/dietary-acrylamide-exposure-was-associated-with-increased-cancer-mortality-in-chinese-elderly-men-and-women-a-11-year-prospective-study-of-mr-and-ms-os-hong-kong
#9
Zhao-Min Liu, Lap Ah Tse, Suzanne C Ho, Suyang Wu, Bailing Chen, Dicken Chan, Samuel Yeung-Shan Wong
AIM: Our study aims to investigate the association between dietary acrylamide exposure and cancer mortality among Chinese elderly. METHODS: A prospective cohort of 4000 elderly men and women aged 65 years and above (Mr. and Ms. OS Hong Kong study) was recruited from local communities from 2001 to 2003. Dietary exposure to acrylamide was evaluated at baseline based on a validated food frequency questionnaire and an acrylamide database from the 1st Hong Kong Total Diet Study...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724262/phytohormones-and-induction-of-plant-stress-tolerance-and-defense-genes-by-seed-and-foliar-inoculation-with-azospirillum-brasilense-cells-and-metabolites-promote-maize-growth
#10
Josiane Fukami, Francisco Javier Ollero, Manuel Megías, Mariangela Hungria
Azospirillum spp. are plant-growth-promoting bacteria used worldwide as inoculants for a variety of crops. Among the beneficial mechanisms associated with Azospirillum inoculation, emphasis has been given to the biological nitrogen fixation process and to the synthesis of phytohormones. In Brazil, the application of inoculants containing A. brasilense strains Ab-V5 and Ab-V6 to cereals is exponentially growing and in this study we investigated the effects of maize inoculation with these two strains applied on seeds or by leaf spray at the V2...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724087/nitrate-leaching-from-winter-cereal-cover-crops-using-undisturbed-soil-column-lysimeters
#11
John J Meisinger, Kristin A Ricigliano
Cover crops are important management practices for reducing nitrogen (N) leaching, especially in the Chesapeake Bay watershed, which is under total maximum daily load (TMDL) restraints. Winter cereals are common cool-season crops in the Bay watershed, but studies have not directly compared nitrate-N (NO-N) leaching losses from these species. A 3-yr cover crop lysimeter study was conducted in Beltsville, MD, to directly compare NO-N leaching from a commonly grown cultivar of barley ( L.), rye ( L.), and wheat ( L...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724078/genome-wide-association-study-of-developing-leaves-heat-tolerance-during-vegetative-growth-stages-in-a-sorghum-association-panel
#12
Junping Chen, Ratan Chopra, Chad Hayes, Geoffrey Morris, Sandeep Marla, John Burke, Zhanguo Xin, Gloria Burow
Heat stress reduces grain yield and quality worldwide. Enhancing heat tolerance of crops at all developmental stages is one of the essential strategies required for sustaining agricultural production especially as frequency of temperature extremes escalates in response to climate change. Although heat tolerance mechanisms have been studied extensively in model plant species, little is known about the genetic control underlying heat stress responses of crop plants at the vegetative stage under field conditions...
July 2017: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720287/occurrence-toxicity-bioaccessibility-and-mitigation-strategies-of-beauvericin-a-minor-fusarium-mycotoxin
#13
REVIEW
C Luz, F Saladino, F B Luciano, J Mañes, G Meca
Emerging Fusarium mycotoxins include the toxic secondary metabolites fusaproliferin, enniatins, beauvericin (BEA), and moniliform. BEA is produced by some entomo- and phytopathogenic Fusarium species and occurs naturally on corn and corn-based foods and feeds infected by Fusarium spp. BEA has shown various biological activities (antibacterial, antifungal, and insecticidal) and possesses toxic activity, including the induction of apoptosis, increase cytoplasmic calcium concentration and lead to DNA fragmentation in mammalian cell lines...
July 15, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719747/detection-of-fumonisins-in-fresh-and-dehydrated-commercial-garlic
#14
Stefano Tonti, Mara Mandrioli, Paola Nipoti, Annamaria Pisi, Tullia Gallina Toschi, Antonio Prodi
An epidemic fungal disease caused by Fusarium proliferatum, responsible for fumonisin production (FB1, FB2, and FB3), has been reported in the main garlic-producing countries in recent years. Fumonisins are a group of structurally related toxic metabolites produced by this pathogen. The aim of this work was to establish an ELISA procedure, mostly applied to cereals, that is suitable for fumonisin detection in garlic, and compare these results with those obtained by HPLC and screening of fresh and dehydrated garlic for toxicological risk...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716405/critical-and-speculative-review-of-the-roles-of-multi-protein-complexes-in-starch-biosynthesis-in-cereals
#15
REVIEW
Naoko Crofts, Yasunori Nakamura, Naoko Fujita
Starch accounts for the majority of edible carbohydrate resources generated through photosynthesis. Amylopectin is the major component of starch and is one of highest-molecular-weight biopolymers. Rapid and systematic synthesis of frequently branched hydro-insoluble amylopectin and efficient accumulation into amyloplasts of cereal endosperm is crucial. The functions of multiple starch biosynthetic enzymes, including elongation, branching, and debranching enzymes, must be temporally and spatially coordinated...
September 2017: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715555/application-of-a-lifestyle-based-tool-to-estimate-premature-cardiovascular-disease-events-in-young-adults-the-coronary-artery-risk-development-in-young-adults-cardia-study
#16
Holly C Gooding, Hongyan Ning, Matthew W Gillman, Christina Shay, Norrina Allen, David C Goff, Donald Lloyd-Jones, Stephanie Chiuve
Importance: Few tools exist for assessing the risk for early atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) events in young adults. Objective: To assess the performance of the Healthy Heart Score (HHS), a lifestyle-based tool that estimates ASCVD events in older adults, for ASCVD events occurring before 55 years of age. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective cohort study included 4893 US adults aged 18 to 30 years from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study...
July 17, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715112/effects-of-free-air-carbon-dioxide-enrichment-face-on-nitrogen-assimilation-and-growth-of-winter-wheat-under-nitrate-and-ammonium-fertilization
#17
Markus Dier, Rieke Meinen, Martin Erbs, Lena Kollhorst, Christin-Kirsty Baillie, David Kaufholdt, Martin Kücke, Hans-Joachim Weigel, Christian Zörb, Robert Hänsch, Remy Manderscheid
A two year Free Air CO2 Enrichment (FACE) experiment was conducted with winter wheat. It was investigated whether elevated atmospheric CO2 concentrations (e[CO2 ]) inhibit nitrate assimilation and whether better growth and nitrogen acquisition under e[CO2 ] can be achieved with an ammonium based fertilization as it was observed in hydroponic culture with wheat. Under e[CO2 ] a decrease of nitrate assimilation has been discussed as the cause for observed declines in protein concentration in C3 cereals. Wheat was grown under ambient [CO2 ] and e[CO2 ] (600 ppm) with three levels (deficiency, optimal and excessive) of nitrate based fertilization (calcium ammonium nitrate; CAN) or with optimal ammonium based fertilization...
July 17, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713658/morphological-variation-of-aphidius-ervi-haliday-hymenoptera-braconidae-associated-with-different-aphid-hosts
#18
Cinthya M Villegas, Vladimir Žikić, Saša S Stanković, Sebastián A Ortiz-Martínez, Ainara Peñalver-Cruz, Blas Lavandero
BACKGROUND: Parasitoids are frequently used in biological control due to the fact that they are considered host specific and highly efficient at attacking their hosts. As they spend a significant part of their life cycle within their hosts, feeding habits and life history of their host can promote specialization via host-race formation (sequential radiation). The specialized host races from different hosts can vary morphologically, behaviorally and genetically. However, these variations are sometimes inconspicuous and require more powerful tools in order to detect variation such as geometric morphometrics analysis...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713408/transcriptome-analyses-shed-new-insights-into-primary-metabolism-and-regulation-of-blumeria-graminis-f-sp-tritici-during-conidiation
#19
Fan-Song Zeng, Fabrizio Menardo, Min-Feng Xue, Xue-Jiang Zhang, Shuang-Jun Gong, Li-Jun Yang, Wen-Qi Shi, Da-Zhao Yu
Conidia of the obligate biotrophic fungal pathogen Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici (Bgt) play a vital role in its survival and rapid dispersal. However, little is known about the genetic basis for its asexual reproduction. To uncover the primary metabolic and regulatory events during conidiation, we sequenced the transcriptome of Bgt epiphytic structures at 3 (vegetative hyphae growth), 4 (foot cells initiation), and 5 (conidiophore erection) days post-inoculation (dpi). RNA-seq analyses identified 556 and 404 (combined 685) differentially expressed genes (DEGs) at 4 and 5 dpi compared with their expression levels at 3 dpi, respectively...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713028/the-effect-of-fusarium-culmorum-infection-and-deoxynivalenol-don-application-on-proteome-response-in-barley-cultivars-chevron-and-pedant
#20
Klára Kosová, Jana Chrpová, Jiří Šantrůček, Radovan Hynek, Lenka Štěrbová, Pavel Vítámvás, Jana Bradová, Ilja Tom Prášil
Fusarium head blight (FHB) disease adversely affects grain quality and final yield in small-grain cereals including barley. In the present study, the effect of an artificial infection with Fusarium culmorum and an application of deoxynivalenol (DON) on barley spikes of cultivars Chevron and Pedant during flowering was investigated at grain mid-dough stage (BBCH 73) 10days after pathogen inoculation (10 dai). Proteomic analysis using a two-dimensional differential gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE) technique coupled with LC-MS/MS investigated 98 protein spots revealing quantitative or qualitative differences between the experimental variants...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
keyword
keyword
49933
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"