keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Barley

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538658/seed-coating-increases-seed-moisture-uptake-and-restricts-embryonic-oxygen-availability-in-germinating-cereal-seeds
#1
Linda Gorim, Folkard Asch
Seed coating is a technology to improve germination and homogenize stand establishment. Although coating often results in lower germination rates, seeds that do germinate grow more vigorously and show strongly reduced respiratory losses during reserve mobilization. We hypothesize that the higher mobilization efficiency is due to a shift in the enzymatic cleavage of sucrose from invertase to sucrose synthase in the embryonic tissue caused by a reduced oxygen availability induced by oversaturation with water caused by the coating during early germination...
May 24, 2017: Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537731/reaction-of-spring-barley-and-common-radish-on-the-introduction-of-ionic-liquids-containing-asymmetric-cations-to-the-soil
#2
Barbara Pawłowska, Arkadiusz Telesiński, Maciej Płatkowski, Michał Stręk, Martyna Śnioszek, Robert Biczak
The harmful effect of ionic liquids (ILs) on the environment is one of the important elements of scientific research conducted around the world. This study presents the effect of ionic liquids, containing the asymmetric cations benzyltrimethylammonium chloride [BenzTMA][Cl] and benzyltriethylammonium chloride[BenzTEA][Cl], on physiological and biochemical changes in common radish plants and spring barley seedlings. The examined ILs demonstrated low toxicity to higher plants. A compound that exhibiting higher phytotoxicity to these plant species was [BenzTMA][Cl]...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535420/evolutionary-changes-in-defensive-specialized-metabolism-in-the-genus-hordeum
#3
Naoki Ube, Miho Nishizaka, Tsuyoshi Ichiyanagi, Kotomi Ueno, Shin Taketa, Atsushi Ishihara
Plants have developed defensive specialized metabolites over the course of evolution. In the genus Hordeum, which includes the important cereal crop barley, specialized metabolites such as hordatines, benzoxazinones, and gramine have been identified. Hordeum species are classified into four clades, H, Xu, Xa, and I. The presence or absence of defensive specialized metabolites was analyzed in representative Hordeum species that included all of the four clades. In the H clade, Hordeum vulgare accumulated hordatines but not benzoxazinones, whereas H...
May 20, 2017: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534096/genomic-prediction-ability-for-yield-related-traits-in-german-winter-barley-elite-material
#4
Patrick Thorwarth, Jutta Ahlemeyer, Anne-Marie Bochard, Kerstin Krumnacker, Hubert Blümel, Eberhard Laubach, Nadine Knöchel, László Cselényi, Frank Ordon, Karl J Schmid
Genomic prediction was evaluated in German winter barley breeding lines. In this material, prediction ability is strongly influenced by population structure and main determinant of prediction ability is the close genetic relatedness of the breeding material. To ensure breeding progress under changing environmental conditions the implementation and evaluation of new breeding methods is of crucial importance. Modern breeding approaches like genomic selection may significantly accelerate breeding progress. We assessed the potential of genomic prediction in a training population of 750 genotypes, consisting of multiple six-rowed winter barley (Hordeum vulgare L...
May 22, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531784/gut-microbiota-mediated-benefits-of-barley-kernel-products-on-metabolism-gut-hormones-and-inflammatory-markers-as-affected-by-co-ingestion-of-commercially-available-probiotics-a-randomized-controlled-study-in-healthy-subjects
#5
Anne Nilsson, Elin Johansson-Boll, Jonna Sandberg, Inger Björck
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Barley kernel based products have been shown to induce benefits on blood glucose regulation, cardio-metabolic risk markers and appetite regulating hormones in a time perspective of 11-16 h after intake. The mechanisms have been assigned to gut fermentation of indigestible carbohydrates. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate if the modulatory effects of barley on markers of metabolic- and appetite regulation are affected by a dietary background including a mixture of commercially available probiotics...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531314/the-solanum-tuberosum-kst1-partial-promoter-as-a-tool-for-guard-cell-expression-in-multiple-plant-species
#6
Gilor Kelly, Nitsan Lugassi, Eduard Belausov, Dalia Wolf, Belal Khamaisi, Danja Brandsma, Jayaram Kottapalli, Lena Fidel, Batsheva Ben-Zvi, Aiman Egbaria, Atiako Kwame Acheampong, Chuanlin Zheng, Etti Or, Assaf Distelfeld, Rakefet David-Schwartz, Nir Carmi, David Granot
To date, guard cell promoters have been examined in only a few species, primarily annual dicots. A partial segment of the potato (Solanum tuberosum) KST1 promoter (KST1 partial promoter, KST1ppro) has previously been shown to confer guard cell expression in potato, tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), citrus [Troyer citrange (C. sinensis×Poncirus trifoliata)], and Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana). Here, we describe an extensive analysis of the expression pattern of KST1ppro in eight (previously reported, as well as new) species from five different angiosperm families, including the Solanaceae and the Cucurbitaceae, Arabidopsis, the monocot barley (Hordeum vulgare), and two perennial species: grapevine (Vitis vinifera) and citrus...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527805/effects-of-replacement-of-late-harvested-grass-silage-and-barley-with-early-harvested-silage-on-milk-production-and-methane-emissions
#7
E H Cabezas-Garcia, S J Krizsan, K J Shingfield, P Huhtanen
This study evaluated the effects of gradual replacement of a mixture of late-cut grass silage (LS) and barley with early-cut grass silage (ES) on milk production, CH4 emissions, and N utilization in Swedish Red cows. Two grass silages were prepared from the same primary growth of timothy grass sward but harvested 2 wk apart [11.0 and 9.7 MJ of metabolizable energy/kg of dry matter (DM)]. Four diets, fed as a total mixed ration, were formulated to meet the metabolizable energy and protein requirements of 35 kg of energy-corrected milk (ECM) by gradually replacing a mixture of LS and barley with ES (0, 33, 67, and 100% of the forage component of the diet), whereas the proportion of barley decreased from 47...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527413/monochromatic-green-light-induces-an-aberrant-accumulation-of-geranylgeranyled-chlorophylls-in-plants
#8
Zuzana Materová, Roman Sobotka, Barbora Zdvihalová, Michal Oravec, Jakub Nezval, Václav Karlický, Daniel Vrábl, Michal Štroch, Vladimír Špunda
Light quality is an important environmental factor affecting the biosynthesis of photosynthetic pigments whose production seems to be affected not only quantitatively but also qualitatively. In this work, we set out to identify unusual pigment detected in leaves of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) and explain its presence in plants grown under monochromatic green light (GL; 500-590 nm). The chromatographic analysis (HPLC-DAD) revealed that a peak belonging to this unknown pigment is eluted between chlorophyll (Chl) a and b...
May 6, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526911/dynamics-of-post-translationally-modified-histones-during-barley-pollen-embryogenesis-in-the-presence-or-absence-of-the-epi-drug-trichostatin-a
#9
Pooja Pandey, Diaa S Daghma, Andreas Houben, Jochen Kumlehn, Michael Melzer, Twan Rutten
Improving pollen embryogenesis. Despite the agro-economic importance of pollen embryogenesis, the mechanisms underlying this process are still poorly understood. We describe the dynamics of chromatin modifications (histones H3K4me2, H3K9ac, H3K9me2, and H3K27me3) and chromatin marks (RNA polymerase II CDC phospho-Ser5, and CENH3) during barley pollen embryogenesis. Immunolabeling results show that, in reaction to stress, immature pollen rapidly starts reorganizing several important chromatin modifications indicative of a change in cell fate...
May 19, 2017: Plant Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522548/a-multi-purpose-toolkit-to-enable-advanced-genome-engineering-in-plants
#10
Tomas Cermak, Shaun J Curtin, Javier Gil-Humanes, Radim Čegan, Thomas J Y Kono, Eva Konečná, Joseph J Belanto, Colby G Starker, Jade W Mathre, Rebecca L Greenstein, Daniel F Voytas
We report a comprehensive toolkit that enables targeted, specific modification of monocot and dicot genomes using a variety of genome engineering approaches. Our reagents, based on TALENs and the CRISPR/Cas9 system, are systematized for fast, modular cloning and accommodate diverse regulatory sequences to drive reagent expression. Vectors are optimized to create either single or multiple gene knockouts and large chromosomal deletions. Moreover, integration of geminivirus-based vectors enables precise gene editing through homologous recombination...
May 18, 2017: Plant Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511881/-what-medication-should-be-prescribed-to-a-patient-with-coeliac-disease
#11
C Pérez-Diez, S Guillén-Lorente, P Palomo-Palomo
Coeliac disease is a permanent intolerance to gluten proteins from wheat, rye, barley and triticale. Although strict adherence is complicated, the only effective treatment is a gluten-free diet throughout life. Some drugs contain starch as an excipient, and there is a risk related to the gluten content, which must be avoided in these patients. Current legislation requires the analysis of the protein content of wheat starch, or the absence of starches from another source where rice, maize, or potato starches are used as excipients...
May 13, 2017: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509349/isolation-of-tissues-and-preservation-of-rna-from-intact-germinated-barley-grain
#12
Natalie S Betts, Oliver Berkowitz, Ruijie Liu, Helen M Collins, Birgitte Skadhauge, Christoph Dockter, Rachel A Burton, James Whelan, Geoffrey B Fincher
Isolated barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) aleurone layers have been widely used as a model system for studying gene expression and hormonal regulation in germinating cereal grains. A serious technological limitation of this approach has been the inability to confidently extrapolate conclusions obtained from isolated tissues back to the whole grain, where the co-location of several living and non-living tissues results in complex tissue-tissue interactions and regulatory pathways coordinated across the multiple tissues...
May 16, 2017: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507554/large-differences-in-gene-expression-responses-to-drought-and-heat-stress-between-elite-barley-cultivar-scarlett-and-a-spanish-landrace
#13
Carlos P Cantalapiedra, María J García-Pereira, María P Gracia, Ernesto Igartua, Ana M Casas, Bruno Contreras-Moreira
Drought causes important losses in crop production every season. Improvement for drought tolerance could take advantage of the diversity held in germplasm collections, much of which has not been incorporated yet into modern breeding. Spanish landraces constitute a promising resource for barley breeding, as they were widely grown until last century and still show good yielding ability under stress. Here, we study the transcriptome expression landscape in two genotypes, an outstanding Spanish landrace-derived inbred line (SBCC073) and a modern cultivar (Scarlett)...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507467/preparation-and-characterization-of-beta-glucan-particles-containing-a-payload-of-nanoembedded-rifabutin-for-enhanced-targeted-delivery-to-macrophages
#14
Tarun K Upadhyay, Nida Fatima, Deepak Sharma, V Saravanakumar, Rolee Sharma
β-glucan particles (GP) are polymeric carbohydrates, mainly found as components of cell wall fungi, yeast, bacteria and also in cereals such as barley and oat, and have been recently shown to have application in macrophage-targeted drug delivery. The aim of this study was to prepare and characterize GP containing a large payload of Rifabutin (RB), an anti-tuberculosis drug effective against MDR-TB at lower MIC than Rifampicin. GP were prepared from yeast cells by acidic and alkaline extraction were either spray dried or lyophilized, prior to RB loading and alginate sealing...
2017: EXCLI journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504560/small-rna-functions-are-required-for-growth-and-development-of-magnaporthe-oryzae
#15
Vidhyavathi Raman, Stacey A Simon, Feray Demirci, Mayumi Nakano, Blake C Meyers, Nicole M Donofrio
RNA interference (RNAi) is conserved in eukaryotic organisms, and it has been well studied in many animal and plant species and some fungal species, yet it is not well studied in fungal plant pathogens. In the rice blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae, we examined small RNA (sRNA) and their biogenesis in the context of growth and pathogenicity. Through genetic and genomic analyses, we demonstrate that loss of a single gene encoding Dicer, RNA-dependent RNA polymerase, or Argonaute reduces sRNA levels. These three proteins are required for the biogenesis of sRNA-matching genome-wide regions (coding regions, repeats, and intergenic regions)...
May 15, 2017: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499089/nanoencapsulation-of-aloe-vera-in-synthetic-and-naturally-occurring-polymers-by-electro-hydrodynamic-processing-of-interest-in-food-technology-and-bioactive-packaging
#16
Sergio Torres-Giner, Sabina Wilkanowicz, Beatriz Meléndez-Rodríguez, Jose M Lagaron
This work originally reports on the use of electro-hydrodynamic processing (EHDP) to encapsulate Aloe vera (AV) (Aloe barbadensis Miller) using both synthetic polymers, i.e. polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) and polyvinyl alcohol (PVOH), and naturally occurring polymers, i.e. barley starch (BS), whey protein concentrate (WPC) and maltodextrin. The AV leaf juice was used as the water-based solvent for EHDP and the resultant biopolymer solution properties were evaluated to determine their effect on the process. Morphological analysis revealed that, at the optimal processing conditions, synthetic polymers mainly produced fiber-like structures while naturally occurring polymers generated capsules...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493276/analytical-characterization-of-the-hydrolysis-of-barley-malt-macromolecules-during-enzymatic-degradation-over-time-using-af4-mals-ri
#17
Heinrich Rübsam, Thomas Becker, Martina Gastl
The changes on the molecular weight distribution (MWD) and particle size distribution (PSD) during hydrolysis of barley malt in isothermal mashing procedures were determined using asymmetrical flow field flow fractionation coupled to multiangle laser light scattering and refractive index (AF4/MALS/RI). Mash/trials were focused on amylolytic starch degradation. Therefore, temperatures (65, 70, and 75 °C) were selected according to α- and β-amylases range of activity. Samples were produced by triplicate, tracking amylolytic processes over time periods from 10 to 90 min in each mash/trial...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493186/analysis-of-ecotoxic-influence-of-waste-from-the-biomass-gasification-process
#18
Małgorzata Hawrot-Paw, Adam Koniuszy, Małgorzata Mikiciuk, Monika Izwikow, Tomasz Stawicki, Paweł Sędłak
The purpose of this research was evaluation of the effect of soil contamination with waste coming from biomass gasification on chosen indicators of its biological activity, growth and development of spring barley, and change of physiological parameters of the plant. Chromatographic content and basic rheological parameters of the substances under research were also analyzed. Liquid wastes, tar, and mixture of tar and engine oil were introduced to the soil in the amount of 100 mg kg(-1) DM soil. Based on the conducted research, it was ascertained that the changes in the number and activity of soil microorganisms were determined by the type of waste and its dose...
May 10, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491078/the-importance-of-being-on-time-regulatory-networks-controlling-photoperiodic-flowering-in-cereals
#19
REVIEW
Vittoria Brambilla, Jorge Gomez-Ariza, Martina Cerise, Fabio Fornara
Flowering is the result of the coordination between genetic information and environmental cues. Gene regulatory networks have evolved in plants in order to measure diurnal and seasonal variation of day length (or photoperiod), thus aligning the reproductive phase with the most favorable season of the year. The capacity of plants to discriminate distinct photoperiods classifies them into long and short day species, depending on the conditions that induce flowering. Plants of tropical origin and adapted to short day lengths include rice, maize, and sorghum, whereas wheat and barley were originally domesticated in the Fertile Crescent and are considered long day species...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488146/ecological-and-agriculture-impacts-of-bakery-yeast-wastewater-use-on-weed-communities-and-crops-in-an-arid-environment
#20
Mohammed H Abu-Dieyeh, Mahmoud Diab, Mohammad A Al-Ghouti
The goal of this study was to evaluate the impact of using yeast wastewater (YW) on weed communities. The study showed that all ecological parameters including species richness, dispersion, density, frequency, and % of vegetation cover were significantly increased in the site irrigated with YW compared to a natural rain fed site and another site irrigated with fresh water. The vegetation cover (%) was significantly increased by 2-folds in the site irrigated with YW (52%) than the one irrigated with fresh water (27%)...
May 9, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
keyword
keyword
49932
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"