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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146257/klebsiella-sp-confers-enhanced-tolerance-to-salinity-and-plant-growth-promotion-in-oat-seedlings-avena-sativa
#1
Swapnil Sapre, Iti Gontia-Mishra, Sharad Tiwari
Plant growth and yield is adversely affected by soil salinity. Salt tolerant plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) strain IG 3 was isolated from rhizosphere of wheat plants. The isolate IG 3 was able to grow in presence of NaCl ranging from 0 to 20% in Luria Bertani medium. The present study was planned to evaluate the role of inoculation of PGPR strain IG 3 and its efficacy in augmenting salt tolerance in oat (Avena sativa) under NaCl stress (100mM). The physiological parameter such as shoot length, root length, shoot dry weight, root dry weight and relative water content (RWC) were remarkably higher in IG 3 inoculated plants in comparison to un-inoculated plants under NaCl stress...
January 2018: Microbiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140582/abortion-knowledge-and-experiences-among-u-s-servicewomen-a-qualitative-study
#2
Kate Grindlay, Jane W Seymour, Laura Fix, Sarah Reiger, Brianna Keefe-Oates, Daniel Grossman
CONTEXT: U.S. servicewomen have a higher rate of unintended pregnancy than civilian women, yet the military does not provide or cover abortion, except in limited circumstances. Servicewomen's experiences with abortion care have received little research attention. METHODS: Twenty-one in-depth interviews with servicewomen who had had an abortion during active-duty service in the prior two years were conducted between January 2015 and July 2016. Women reported on their experiences accessing abortion, as well as their knowledge and opinions of the military's abortion policy...
November 15, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135769/medicaid-coverage-of-methadone-maintenance-and-the-use-of-opioid-agonist-therapy-among-pregnant-women-in-specialty-treatment
#3
Marcus A Bachhuber, Pooja K Mehta, Laura J Faherty, Brendan Saloner
BACKGROUND: Opioid agonist therapy (OAT) is the standard of care for pregnant women with opioid use disorder (OUD). Medicaid coverage policies may strongly influence OAT use in this group. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between Medicaid coverage of methadone maintenance and planned use of OAT in the publicly funded treatment system. RESEARCH DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional analysis of treatment admissions in 30 states extracted from the Treatment Episode Data Set (2013 and 2014)...
December 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133096/modification-of-structure-and-physicochemical-properties-of-buckwheat-and-oat-starch-by-%C3%AE-irradiation
#4
M Zuhaib Dar, Km Deepika, Kulsum Jan, Tanya L Swer, Pradeep Kumar, Ruchi Verma, Kush Verma, Kumar S Prakash, Shumaila Jan, Khalid Bashir
Effects of gamma irradiation on the physicochemical, rheological and thermal properties of the buckwheat and oat starch were studied. Results revealed that the transition temperature and enthalpy of gelatinization of starch decreased with increase in irradiation dose. Pasting properties (peak, trough, setback, pasting temperature and final viscosity) of both the starches were decreased by gamma irradiation. Gamma irradiation also resulted in the reduction in the per cent crystallinity of the starches. Apparent amylose content and swelling index decreased with increase in dose...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131356/gluten-sensitivities-and-the-allergist-threshing-the-grain-from-the-husks
#5
REVIEW
J G Burkhardt, A Chapa-Rodriguez, S L Bahna
"Gluten sensitivity" has become commonplace among the public. Wheat allergy (WA) and celiac disease (CD) are well-defined entities, but are becoming a fraction of individuals following a gluten-free diet. WA has a prevalence of <0.5%. Wheat, specifically its omega-5 gliadin fraction, is the most common allergen implicated in food-dependent, exercise-induced anaphylaxis. CD is a non-IgE hypersensitivity to certain cereal proteins: gluten in wheat, secalin in rye, hordein in barley, and to a lesser extent avenin in oat...
November 13, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130721/the-nutritional-limitations-of-plant-based-beverages-in-infancy-and-childhood
#6
Isidro Vitoria
Breastfeeding, infant formula and cow's milk are basic foods in infant nutrition. However, they are being increasingly replaced either totally or partially by plant-based beverages.The composition of 164 plant-based beverages available in Spain was reviewed based on the nutritional labeling of the package and the manufacturers' webpages. This was compared to the composition of cow's milk and infant formula. In addition, the nutritional disease associated with consumption of plant-based beverages in infants and children was reviewed by means of a literature search in Medline and Embase since 1990 based on the key words "plant-based beverages" or "rice beverages" or "almond beverages" or "soy beverages" and "infant" or "child"...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129983/the-impact-of-oat-structure-and-%C3%AE-glucan-on-in-vitro-lipid-digestion
#7
Myriam M L Grundy, Janina Quint, Anne Rieder, Simon Ballance, Cécile A Dreiss, Kathryn L Cross, Robert Gray, Balazs H Bajka, Peter J Butterworth, Peter R Ellis, Peter J Wilde
Oat β-glucan has been shown to play a positive role in influencing lipid and cholesterol metabolism. However, the mechanisms behind these beneficial effects are not fully understood. The purpose of the current work was to investigate some of the possible mechanisms behind the cholesterol lowering effect of oat β-glucan, and how processing of oat modulates lipolysis. β-Glucan release, and the rate and extent of lipolysis measured in the presence of different sources of oat β-glucan, were investigated during gastrointestinal digestion...
November 2017: Journal of Functional Foods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128807/apigenin-a-novel-candidate-involving-herb-drug-interaction-hdi-interacts-with-organic-anion-transporter-1-oat1
#8
Ting Wu, Haixin Li, Jiasheng Chen, Ying Cao, Weimin Fu, Pingzheng Zhou, Jianxin Pang
BACKGROUND: Apigenin is a flavonoid compound, widely distributed in natural plants. Various studies have suggested that apigenin has inhibitory effects towards several drug transporters, such as the organic anion transporting (OAT) polypeptides, 1B1 and 1B3 (OATP1B1 and OATP1B3). However, the mechanism by which apigenin interacts with OAT1 has not been well studied. METHODS: MDCK cells stably-expressing OAT1 were used to examine the inhibitory effects of apigenin on OAT1...
June 27, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126803/sex-differences-in-ochratoxin-a-toxicity-in-f344-rats-after-7-and-21-days-of-daily-oral-administration
#9
Laura Pastor, Ariane Vettorazzi, Jose Manuel Enciso, Elena González-Peñas, J A García-Jalón, J I Monreal, Adela López de Cerain
Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a potent renal carcinogen in male rats but not in females. The mechanisms underlying these differences are unknown. The sex-dependent response of F344 rats after a repeated OTA oral administration for 7 (0.50 mg/kg bw) or 21 days (0.21 and 0.50 mg/kg bw) was evaluated. General toxicity, sex and thyroid hormones and histopathology were studied. OTA was quantified (HPLC-FLD) in plasma, kidney and liver and the expression of kidney transporters (RT-qPCR) was studied. After 7 days, kidney histopathology showed more pronounced signs of toxicity in males than in females...
November 7, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122351/macroaggregation-and-soil-organic-carbon-restoration-in-a-highly-weathered-brazilian-oxisol-after-two-decades-under-no-till
#10
Ademir de Oliveira Ferreira, João Carlos de Moraes Sá, Rattan Lal, Florent Tivet, Clever Briedis, Thiago Massao Inagaki, Daniel Ruiz Potma Gonçalves, Jucimare Romaniw
Conclusions based on studies of the impacts of soil organic carbon (SOC) fractions and soil texture on macroaggregation and SOC stabilization in long-term (>20years) no-till (NT) fields remain debatable. This study was based on the hypothesis that the amount and frequency of biomass-C input associated with NT can be a pathway to formation of macroaggregates and to SOC buildup. The objectives were to: 1) assess the macroaggregate distribution (proportional mass, class mass) and the SOC and particulate organic carbon (POC) stocks of extra-large (8-19mm), large (2-8mm) and small (0...
November 6, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109915/mechanisms-of-oat-avena-sativa-l-acclimation-to-phosphate-deficiency
#11
Ewa Żebrowska, Marta Milewska, Iwona Ciereszko
Background: Deficiency of available forms of phosphorus is common in most soils and causes reduction of crop plants growth and yield. Recently, model plants responses to phosphate (Pi) deficiency have been intensively studied. However, acclimation mechanisms of cereals like oat (Avena sativa L.), to low Pi stress remains not fully understood. Oat plants have been usually cultured on poor soils, with a low nutrient content, but their responses to such conditions are not well known, therefore the main goal of the study was to investigate the mechanisms that enable oat plants to grow under low Pi conditions...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109021/renal-organic-anion-transporters-in-drug-drug-interactions-and-diseases
#12
REVIEW
Xiaokui Huo, Kexin Liu
The kidney plays a vital role in maintaining systemic homeostasis. Active tubular secretion and reabsorption, which are mainly mediated by transporters, is an efficient mechanism for retaining glucose, amino acids, and other nutrients and for the clearance of endogenous waste products and xenobiotics. These substances are recognized by uptake transporters located in the basolateral and apical membranes of renal proximal tubule cells and are extracted from plasma and urine. Organic anion transporters (OATs) belong to the solute carrier (SLC) 22 superfamily and facilitate organic anions across the plasma membranes of renal proximal tubule cells...
November 8, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105256/fusarium-crown-rot-caused-by-fusarium-pseudograminearum-in-cereal-crops-recent-progress-and-future-prospects
#13
Kemal Kazan, Donald Gardiner
Diseases caused by Fusarium pathogens inflict major yield and quality losses on many economically important plant species worldwide, including cereals. Fusarium crown rot (FCR) caused by Fusarium pseudograminearum is a cereal disease that occurs in many arid and semi-arid cropping regions of the world. In recent years, this disease has become more prevalent, in part due to the adoption of moisture-preserving cultural practices such as minimum tillage and stubble retention. In this pathogen profile, we present a brief overview of recent research efforts that not only have advanced our understanding of the interactions between F...
November 4, 2017: Molecular Plant Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103712/enrichment-of-probiotic-ice-cream-with-different-dietary-fibers-structural-characteristics-and-culture-viability
#14
A S Akalın, H Kesenkas, N Dinkci, G Unal, E Ozer, O Kınık
This study evaluated the effect of 5 dietary fibers (apple, orange, oat, bamboo, and wheat) on the physicochemical, rheological, and textural characteristics; sensory properties; and culture viability of probiotic ice cream stored at -18°C for 180 d. The presence of orange and apple fibers increased the titratable acidity, decreased the lightness (color) value of the ice creams, and enhanced the red and yellow coloration. Compared with the control sample, the consistency indices and apparent viscosities of the experimental samples increased with the addition of all dietary fibers except oat fiber...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102568/mosaic-osteochondral-autograft-transplantation-versus-bone-marrow-stimulation-technique-as-a-concomitant-procedure-with-opening-wedge-high-tibial-osteotomy-for-spontaneous-osteonecrosis-of-the-medial-femoral-condyle
#15
Ken Kumagai, Yasushi Akamatsu, Hideo Kobayashi, Yoshihiro Kusayama, Tomoyuki Saito
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of osteochondral autograft transplantation (OAT) mosaicplasty as a concomitant procedure with opening-wedge valgus high tibial osteotomy (HTO) for spontaneous osteonecrosis of the medial femoral condyle (MFC) on clinical outcomes and cartilage status in comparison with bone marrow stimulation (BMS) by drilling, and to assess the relation between lesion size and postoperative cartilage status. METHODS: Fifty-eight patients with spontaneous osteonecrosis of the MFC were treated with opening-wedge HTO and a concomitant procedure of BMS (28 patients) or OAT (30 patients)...
November 1, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100633/daily-relative-dog-abundance-fecal-density-and-loading-rates-on-intensively-and-minimally-managed-dog-friendly-beaches-in-central-california
#16
Stori C Oates, Melissa A Miller, Dane Hardin, Clare Dominik, David Jessup, Woutrina A Smith
Due to increased concerns regarding fecal pollution at marine recreational beaches, daily relative dog abundance and fecal density were estimated on an intensively managed (Beach 1) and a minimally managed (Beach 2) dog beach in Monterey County, California. Fecal loading and factors predictive of fecal deposition also were assessed. After standardizing for beach area, daily beach use and fecal densities did not differ between beaches and yearly fecal loading estimates revealed that unrecovered dog feces likely contributes significantly to fecal contamination (1...
October 31, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100111/trehalose-during-two-stress-responses-in-acanthamoeba-differentiation-between-encystation-and-pseudocyst-formation
#17
Eva Bínová, David Bína, David A Ashford, Jane Thomas-Oates, Eva Nohýnková
The non-reducing disaccharide trehalose can serve as a protectant against a range of environmental stressors, such as heat, cold, or dehydration, in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, with the exception of vertebrates. Here, we analyzed trehalose metabolism in the facultatively parasitic organism Acanthamoeba castellanii, known to respond to unfavorable external conditions by forming two resistant stages: a cyst, produced in the case of chronic stress, and a pseudocyst, formed in reaction to acute stress. The possible role of trehalose in the resistant stages was investigated using a combination of bioinformatic, molecular biological and biochemical approaches...
September 14, 2017: Protist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098440/taxonomic-identification-of-the-thermotolerant-and-fast-growing-fungus-lichtheimia-ramosa-h71d-and-biochemical-characterization-of-the-thermophilic-xylanase-lrxyna
#18
María Teresa Alvarez-Zúñiga, Alejandro Santiago-Hernández, Johan Rodríguez-Mendoza, Jorge E Campos, Patricia Pavón-Orozco, Sergio Trejo-Estrada, María Eugenia Hidalgo-Lara
The zygomycete fungus Lichtheimia ramosa H71D, isolated from sugarcane bagasse compost, was identified by applying phylogenetic analysis based on the DNA sequence of the Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS), and subsequent secondary structure analysis of ITS2. L. ramosa H71D was able to grow over a wide range of temperatures (25-45 °C), manifesting optimal growth at 37 °C. A 64 kDa xylanase (named LrXynA) was purified from the culture supernatant of L. ramosa H71D grown on 2% carboxymethylcellulose (CMC), as the only carbon source...
November 2, 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098426/improvement-in-cardiometabolic-risk-markers-following-a-multifunctional-diet-is-associated-with-gut-microbial-taxa-in-healthy-overweight-and-obese-subjects
#19
Nittaya Marungruang, Juscelino Tovar, Inger Björck, Frida Fåk Hållenius
PURPOSE: A multifunctional diet (MFD) targeting subclinical inflammation was developed as a tool to decrease risk factors for cardiometabolic disease in healthy "at-risk" individuals (BMI 25-33 kg/m(2)). MFD contains several components that are degraded in the colon by the microbiota, such as dietary fibers from rye, barley, oats and berries. It also contains soy beans, oily fish and plant stanols. In previous studies, we have observed improved cardiometabolic markers in healthy at-risk individuals after 4-8 week intake of MFD...
November 2, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096960/copper-immobilization-by-biochar-and-microbial-community-abundance-in-metal-contaminated-soils
#20
Francisca Moore, María-Eugenia González, Naser Khan, Gustavo Curaqueo, Miguel Sanchez-Monedero, Joaquín Rilling, Esteban Morales, Marcelo Panichini, Ana Mutis, Milko Jorquera, Jaime Mejias, Juan Hirzel, Sebastián Meier
Biochar (BC) is gaining attention as a soil amendment that can remediate metal polluted soils. The simultaneous effects of BC on copper (Cu) mobility, microbial activities in soil using metallophytes have scarcely been addressed. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of biochar BCs on Cu immobilization and over soil microbial communities in a Cu-contaminated soil evaluated over a two-year trial. A Cu-contaminated soil (338mgkg(-1)) was incubated with chicken manure biochar (CMB) or oat hull biochar (OHB) at rates of 1 and 5% w/w...
October 30, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
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