keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Oats

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934761/comparison-between-mri-and-pathology-in-the-assessment-of-tumour-regression-grade-in-rectal-cancer
#1
Francesco Sclafani, Gina Brown, David Cunningham, Andrew Wotherspoon, Larissa Sena Teixeira Mendes, Svetlana Balyasnikova, Jessica Evans, Clare Peckitt, Ruwaida Begum, Diana Tait, Josep Tabernero, Bengt Glimelius, Susana Roselló, Janet Thomas, Jacqui Oates, Ian Chau
BACKGROUND: Limited data exist regarding the correlation between MRI tumour regression grade (mrTRG) and pathological TRG (pTRG) in rectal cancer. METHODS: mrTRG and pTRG were compared in rectal cancer patients from two phase II trials (EXPERT and EXPERT-C). The agreement between radiologist and pathologist was assessed with the weighted κ test while the Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate survival outcomes. RESULTS: One hundred ninety-one patients were included...
September 21, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933769/a-lanosteryl-triterpene-from-protorhus-longifolia-improves-glucose-tolerance-and-pancreatic-beta-cell-ultrastructure-in-type-2-diabetic-rats
#2
Sihle E Mabhida, Rebamang A Mosa, Dambudzo Penduka, Foluso O Osunsanmi, Phiwayinkosi V Dludla, Tryana G Djarova, Andy R Opoku
Type 2 diabetes remains one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Persistent hyperglycemia within a diabetic state is implicated in the generation of oxidative stress and aggravated inflammation that is responsible for accelerated modification of pancreatic beta cell structure. Here we investigated whether a lanosteryl triterpene, methyl-3β-hydroxylanosta-9,24-dien-21-oate (RA-3), isolated from Protorhus longifolia can improve glucose tolerance and pancreatic beta cell ultrastructure by reducing oxidative stress and inflammation in high fat diet and streptozotocin-induced type 2 diabetes in rats...
July 26, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933728/the-effect-of-astaxanthin-rich-microalgae-haematococcus-pluvialis-and-wholemeal-flours-incorporation-in-improving-the-physical-and-functional-properties-of-cookies
#3
A K M Mofasser Hossain, Margaret A Brennan, Susan L Mason, Xinbo Guo, Xin An Zeng, Charles S Brennan
Marine-based food supplements can improve human nutrition. In an effort to modulate glycaemic response and enhance nutritional aspects, marine-derived algal food rich in astaxanthin was used in the formulation of a model food (wholemeal cookie). Astaxanthin substitution of cookies made from three flours (wheat, barley and oat) demonstrated a significant reduction in the rate of glucose released during in vitro digestion together with an increase in the total phenolic content (TPC) and antioxidant capacity of the food...
July 26, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932345/the-grass-pollen-season-2015-a-proof-of-concept-multi-approach-study-in-three-different-european-cities
#4
Maximilian Kmenta, Katharina Bastl, Uwe Berger, Matthias F Kramer, Matthew D Heath, Sanna Pätsi, Anna-Mari Pessi, Annika Saarto, Barbora Werchan, Matthias Werchan, Reinhard Zetter, Karl-Christian Bergmann
BACKGROUND: Grasses release the most widespread aeroallergens with considerable sensitization rates, while different species produce several pollen concentration peaks throughout the season. This study analyzed the prevalence of grass species in three different European city areas and compared the flowering period of these species with daily pollen concentrations and the symptom loads of grass pollen allergy sufferers. METHODS: The most prevalent grass species in Vienna (Austria), Berlin (Germany) and Turku (Finland) were studied and examined by use of three different approaches: phenology, pollen monitoring and symptom load evaluation...
2017: World Allergy Organization Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931155/host-recognition-responses-of-western-family-chrysomelidae-corn-rootworm-larvae-to-rna-interference-and-bt-corn
#5
Sarah N Zukoff, Anthony L Zukoff
Western corn rootworm Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte is an important pest of corn whose larvae exhibit particular quantifiable patterns of locomotion after exposure to, and removal from, host roots and nonhost roots. Using EthoVision software, the behavior and locomotion of the western corn rootworm larvae was analyzed to determine the level of host recognition to germinated roots of differing corn hybrids containing either rootworm targeted Bt genes, RNA interference (RNAi) technology, the stack of both Bt and RNAi, or the isoline of these...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923388/synthesis-of-cytotoxically-active-derivatives-based-on-alkylated-2-3-seco-triterpenoids
#6
Anastasia V Konysheva, Vladimir O Nebogatikov, Irina A Tolmacheva, Maxim V Dmitriev, Victoria V Grishko
Extremely low content of biologically active triterpenoids with the fragmented or contracted ring A extractable from plants is the main disadvantage of their use in drug discovery and practical pharmacology. Development of new methods for synthesis of these compounds and their structural analogs from bioavailable triterpene precursors gives an opportunity to obtain promising agents for pharmacology with excellent yields. A new approach to synthesis of alkylated A-seco-triterpenoids, including the Beckmann fragmentation of 3-methyl-substituted allobetulin or betulinic acid methyl ester with 2-hydroxyimino group in the ring A was proposed...
September 6, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917811/electrochemical-characterization-of-in-situ-functionalized-gold-organosulfur-self-assembled-monolayer-with-conducting-polymer-and-carbon-nanotubes-for-determination-of-rutin
#7
Majid Arvand, Mona Farahpour, Masoomeh Sayyar Ardaki
In this study, attempts were made to present a sensitive strategy for determining rutin. To reach the goal of the study, a poly(sulfosalicylic acid) film was electropolymerized on a gold electrode, which was modified by 2-mercaptobenzothiazole self-assembled monolayer and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (PSSA/CNTs/MBT/Au). The proposed sensor was characterized by different techniques including field emission scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy...
January 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917214/novel-5-nitrofurfuryl-substituted-esters-of-phosphonoglycine-their-synthesis-and-phyto-and-ecotoxicological-properties
#8
Jarosław Lewkowski, Marta Morawska, Rafał Karpowicz, Piotr Rychter, Diana Rogacz, Kamila Lewicka
Since aminophosphonate-based herbicides like glyphosate are currently one of the most popular and widely applied active agent in agrochemistry, there is an urgent need for searching new compounds among this family with potential herbicidal activity, but exhibiting low toxicity against surrounding environment. Six new (5-nitrofurfuryl)-derived aminophosphonates were synthesized for the first time and apart from the only one example of N-benzylamino(5-nitrofuryl)-methylphosphonic acid, it was the first time in the history, when this class of compounds was prepared...
September 8, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915523/-biologic-reconstruction-of-full-sized-cartilage-defects-of-the-hip-a-guideline-from-the-dgou-group-clinical-tissue-regeneration-and-the-hip-committee-of-the-aga
#9
Stefan Fickert, Matthias Aurich, Dirk Albrecht, Peter Angele, Lorenz Büchler, Michael Dienst, Christoph Erggelet, Jürgen Fritz, Christoph Gebhart, Hans Gollwitzer, Moritz Kindler, Christoph Lampert, Henning Madry, Gregor Möckel, Phillip Niemeyer, Jörg Schröder, Christian Sobau, Gunter Spahn, Wolfgang Zinser, Stefan Landgraeber
Background Symptomatic pre-arthritic deformities such as femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) or hip dysplasia often lead to localised cartilage defects and subsequently to osteoarthritis. The present review of the working group "Clinical Tissue Regeneration" of the German Society of Orthopaedics and Trauma (DGOU) and the hip committee of the AGA (German speaking Society for Arthroscopy and Joint Surgery) provides an overview of current knowledge of the diagnosis and surgical treatment of cartilage defects, in order to infer appropriate therapy recommendations for the hip...
September 15, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913630/durability-of-treatment-effects-of-the-sleep-position-trainer-versus-oral-appliance-therapy-in-positional-osa-12-month-follow-up-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Maurits H T de Ruiter, Linda B L Benoist, Nico de Vries, Jan de Lange
PURPOSE: The Sleep Position Trainer (SPT) is a new option for treating patients with positional obstructive sleep apnea (POSA). This study investigated long-term efficacy, adherence, and quality of life during use of the SPT device compared with oral appliance therapy (OAT) in patients with POSA. METHODS: This prospective, multicenter trial randomized patients with mild to moderate POSA (apnea-hypopnea index [AHI] 5-30/h) to SPT or OAT. Polysomnography was performed at baseline and after 3 and 12 months' follow-up...
September 15, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912734/malm%C3%A3-treatment-referral-and-intervention-study-high-12-month-retention-rates-in-patients-referred-from-syringe-exchange-to-methadone-or-buprenorphine-naloxone-treatment
#11
Martin Bråbäck, Lars Ekström, Katja Troberg, Suzan Nilsson, Pernilla Isendahl, Louise Brådvik, Anders Håkansson
BACKGROUND: Heroin dependence is associated with high mortality. Opioid agonist treatment (OAT) with methadone or buprenorphine has strong evidence for treatment of this relapsing condition. In our setting, OAT has been associated with strict and demanding intake procedures, often with requirements of social stability, but also high, approximately 80 percent 12-month retention rates. In a recent randomized controlled trial, we demonstrated high rates of successful rapid referral from a syringe exchange programme (SEP) to treatment with methadone or buprenorphine, including actual treatment initiation...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912434/food-grade-filler-particles-as-an-alternative-method-to-modify-the-texture-and-stability-of-myofibrillar-gels
#12
Andrew J Gravelle, Shai Barbut, Alejandro G Marangoni
A series of food grade particles were characterized for their potential as fillers in myofibrillar gels. The fillers were separated into (i) hydrophilic, insoluble, crystalline particles and (ii) starch granules. The particles used were microcrystalline cellulose, oat fiber and walnut shell flour, as well as potato and tapioca starches. Crystalline particles increased hardness and decreased recovery properties. Although all of these fillers decreased the T2 relaxation time of water, this was dependent on particle type and size...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895878/effect-of-oral-pre-meal-administration-of-betaglucans-on-glycaemic-control-and-variability-in-subjects-with-type-1-diabetes
#13
Anders Frid, Andrea Tura, Giovanni Pacini, Martin Ridderstråle
We conducted a double-blind placebo-controlled crossover pilot study to investigate the effect of oat betaglucans (β-glucan) on glycaemic control and variability in adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D; n = 14). Stomacol(®) tablets (1.53 g of β-glucan) or placebo (Plac) were administered three times daily before meals for two weeks. Glucose levels were monitored during the second week by continuous glucose monitoring (CGM). There was an increase in basic measures of glycaemic control (maximal glucose value 341 ± 15 vs...
September 12, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891462/co-infection-with-a-wheat-rhabdovirus-causes-a-reduction-in-mal-de-r%C3%A3-o-cuarto-virus-titer-in-its-planthopper-vector
#14
A D Dumón, E B Argüello Caro, M F Mattio, V Alemandri, M Del Vas, G Truol
Mal de Río Cuarto virus (MRCV, Fijivirus, Reoviridae) causes one of the most important diseases in maize (Zea mays L.) in Argentina and has been detected in mixed infections with a rhabdovirus closely related to Maize yellow striate virus. In nature both viruses are able to infect maize and several grasses including wheat, and are transmitted in a persistent propagative manner by Delphacodes kuscheli Fennah (Hemiptera: Delphacidae). This work describes the interactions between MRCV and rhabdovirus within their natural vector and the consequences of such co-infection regarding virus transmission and symptom expression...
September 11, 2017: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890383/interaction-between-rhein-acyl-glucuronide-and-methotrexate-based-on-human-organic-anion-transporters
#15
Yuan Yuan, Hua Yang, Linghua Kong, Yuan Li, Ping Li, Hongjian Zhang, Jianqing Ruan
Rhein, a major bioactive compound of many medicinal herbs and the prodrug of diacerein, is often used with low dose of methotrexate as drug combination to treat rheumatoid arthritis. In this study, potential drug-drug interaction between methotrexate and rhein was investigated based on organic anion transporters (OAT). Our study demonstrated that rhein acyl glucuronide (RAG), the major metabolite of rhein in the human blood circulation, significantly inhibited the uptake of p-aminohippurate in hOAT1 transfected cells with IC50 value of 691 nM and estrone sulfate uptake in hOAT3 transfected cells with IC50 value of 78...
September 7, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889763/identification-of-methylated-metabolites-of-oat-avenanthramides-in-human-plasma-using-uhplc-qtof-ms
#16
Jason Walsh, Jordan Haddock, Jeffrey B Blumberg, Diane L McKay, Xiaoyong Wei, Gregory Dolnikowski, C-Y Oliver Chen
Oat avenanthramides (AVAs) are a group of phenolic alkaloids, consisting of an anthranilic acid and a hydroxycinnamic acid linked by a pseudo-peptide bond. Bioavailability of AVA is poor in humans, suggesting transformations for rapid excretion. Thus, we aim to identify metabolites of AVA isomers in plasma of humans after consuming AVA-enriched oats. After lipid removal, AVA and their metabolites in plasma were extracted with ethyl acetate and analysed using an Agilent UHPLC-QToF-MS. Pharmacokinetics of AVA-O showed a bimodal distribution with Cmax1 and 2 for AVA-O at 5...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888600/effects-of-egg-yolk-inclusion-milk-replacer-feeding-rate-and-low-starch-pelleted-or-high-starch-texturized-starter-on-holstein-calf-performance-through-4-months-of-age
#17
T S Dennis, F X Suarez-Mena, T M Hill, J D Quigley, R L Schlotterbeck
The objectives of this research were to evaluate milk replacer (MR) feeding rates, alternative protein and fat sources in MR, and calf starter starch concentration and their effects on calf performance to 4 mo of age. Male Holstein calves (42.6 ± 1.2 kg of body weight; n = 192) were assigned at 3 d of age to 1 of 8 treatments in a randomized complete block design with a 2 × 2 × 2 factorial arrangement of treatments. Factors tested from d 0 to 56 (nursery) were low or high MR feeding rates, 0 or 10% inclusion of spray-dried egg yolks in MR, and low- or high-starch calf starter...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880702/the-feasibility-and-validity-of-body-worn-sensors-to-supplement-timed-walking-tests-for-children-with-neurological-conditions
#18
Lavan Sivarajah, Kyra J Kane, Joel Lanovaz, Derek Bisaro, Alison Oates, Ming Ye, Kristin E Musselman
AIMS: The 10-meter walk test (10 mWT) and Timed Up and Go (TUG) are assessments of speed/time with a ceiling effect in pediatric populations. This study aimed to (1) determine whether collecting spatiotemporal data with inertial sensors (Mobility Lab, APDM Inc.) during these tests improves their discriminative validity, and (2) evaluate the clinical feasibility of Mobility Lab. METHODS: Fifteen children with spina bifida (SB) or cerebral palsy (CP) (7.9 ± 3.1 years old) and fifteen age- and sex-matched typically-developing (TD) children completed the 10 mWT and TUG wearing Mobility Lab...
September 7, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879835/the-nutritional-quality-of-new-zealand-breakfast-cereals-an-update
#19
Lynne Chepulis, Shaunie Hill, Gael Mearns
OBJECTIVE: To compare the nutritional quality of New Zealand breakfast cereals in 2013 and 2017. DESIGN: Nutrition Information Panel data were collected from all cereals available from two large supermarket chains in 2017 and compared with earlier published data collected in 2013. SETTING: Urban New Zealand supermarkets. SUBJECTS: The nutritional content of breakfast cereals ('biscuits and bites', 'brans', 'bubbles, flakes and puffs', 'children's cereals', 'muesli' and 'oats') was analysed for total energy, protein, fat (total and saturated), carbohydrate, sugar, fibre and Na...
September 7, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875768/measuring-balance-confidence-after-spinal-cord-injury-the-reliability-and-validity-of-the-activities-specific-balance-confidence-scale
#20
Garima Shah, Alison R Oates, Tarun Arora, Joel L Lanovaz, Kristin E Musselman
Context/Objective The study objectives were to evaluate the test-retest reliability, convergent validity, and discriminative validity of the Activities-specific Balance Confidence (ABC) scale in individuals with incomplete spinal cord injury (iSCI). Design Prospective, cross-sectional study. Setting Laboratory. Participants Twenty-six community-dwelling individuals with chronic iSCI (20 males, 59.7 + 18.9 years old) and 26 age- and sex-matched able-bodied (AB) individuals participated. Interventions None. Outcome Measures Measures of balance and gait were collected over two days...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
keyword
keyword
49931
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"