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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694667/outcomes-of-right-lobe-and-left-lobe-living-donor-liver-transplantations-using-small-for-size-grafts
#1
Wong Hoi She, Kenneth Sh Chok, James Yy Fung, Albert Cy Chan, Chung Mau Lo
AIM: To analyze the outcomes of living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT) using left-lobe (LL) or right-lobe (RL) small-for-size (SFS) grafts. METHODS: Prospectively collected data of adult patients who underwent LDLT at our hospital in the period from January 2003 to December 2013 were reviewed. The patients were divided into the RL-LDLT group and the LL-LDLT group. The two groups were compared in terms of short- and long-term outcomes, including incidence of postoperative complication, graft function, graft survival, and patient survival...
June 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674771/a-review-of-the-physiology-of-a-survival-expert-of-big-freeze-deep-snow-and-an-empty-stomach-the-boreal-raccoon-dog-nyctereutes-procyonoides
#2
REVIEW
Anne-Mari Mustonen, Petteri Nieminen
The raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides) is an invasive canid originating from eastern Asia. Here, we review its physiological adaptations to wintering, with an emphasis on northern Europe, where the raccoon dog spends the coldest part of the year in winter sleep. The timing of physiological changes related to wintering is connected to photoperiod by melatonin. In preparation to winter, raccoon dogs display autumnal hyperphagia and fattening probably regulated by the interaction of several peptide hormones...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. B, Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643722/endogenous-endophthalmitis-caused-by-cryptococcus-neoformans-var-gattii-mimicking-choroidal-tumor-from-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-to-histopathology
#3
Chun-Ju Lin, Wen-Lu Chen, Jane-Ming Lin, Peng-Tai Tien, Yi-Yu Tsai
A 60-year-old immunocompetent female with pneumonia history about 10 years ago suffered from blurred vision overall survival for 3 weeks. Common cold with headache and unintentional body weight loss was also noted recently. Choroidal detachment simulating choroidal tumor was observed in the temporal quadrant. The 18F-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose (FDG) positron-emission tomography/computed tomography (CT) scan showed focal, mild to moderate FDG uptake in the left lateral orbit, and an enhanced lesion was seen on the recent CT scan...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621298/is-the-stella%C3%A2-5l-system-an-effective-cold-sterilization-technique-for-needle-based-confocal-miniprobes
#4
Cai-Xia Wang, Yuan-Yuan Chen, Feng Yang, Fan Yang, Jin-Tao Guo, Siyu Sun, Ling Fan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Needle-based confocal laser endomicroscopy (nCLE) under endoscopic ultrasound guidance is a newly developed imaging technique for pancreatic lesions and lymph nodes, enabling a subcellular level of resolution. The confocal miniprobe is an invasive instrument designed to be reused up to 10 times. Therefore, a method that ensures the complete elimination of microbial contaminants on the device is necessary. We studied the bactericidal efficacy of the Stella™ system, which purports to achieve this objective...
May 2017: Endoscopic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570307/early-mobilization-in-lower-extremity-frostbite-injury-preliminary-experience-at-a-single-burn-center
#5
Michelle Dole, Frederick W Endorf, Jon Gayken, Ryan Fey, Rachel M Nygaard
Cold exposure that leads to frostbite puts patients at high risk for extremity amputations. Recent treatment advances, such as thrombolytic administration, have decreased amputation rates. However, little is known about patient outcomes with early mobilization of affected limbs. A retrospective review of 41 patients admitted for lower extremity frostbite was performed at an urban hospital burn unit. All patients received the institution's standard frostbite treatment protocol. The study group was allowed to bear weight within 72 hours, while the control group was immobilized beyond this time frame...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535860/effects-of-nesting-material-on-energy-homeostasis-in-balb-canncrl-c57bl-6ncrl-and-crl-cd1-icr-mice-housed-at-20-%C3%A2-c
#6
Jay S Johnson, Daniel J Taylor, Angela R Green, Brianna N Gaskill
Discrepancies exist between the preferred temperature range for mice (26 to 32 °C) and current recommendations (20 to 26 °C), which may alter metabolism and negatively affect studies using mice. Previous research indicates that nesting material can alleviate cold stress in mice; therefore, we sought to determine the effects of the amount of nesting material provided (0, 6, or 12 g) on heat energy loss and energy balance in 3 mouse strains housed at currently recommended temperatures during the daytime, a period of presumed inactivity...
May 1, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490133/nano-zno-carboxymethyl-cellulose-based-active-coating-impact-on-ready-to-use-pomegranate-during-cold-storage
#7
Mahmoud Koushesh Saba, Rasoul Amini
Minimally processed pomegranate rapidly loses its overall quality because of high water loss and microbial contamination. Nano-ZnO in combination with carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) coating was used on pomegranate arils. Arils were dipped for 4min in distilled water (control), 0.1 or 0.2% (w/v) nano-ZnO suspension and then ZnO treated arils were coated with 0.5% (w/v) CMC and stored for 12days at 4°C. Coatings decreased total yeast+mold during 12days of storage while total mesophilic bacteria was decreased during 6days of storage...
October 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490095/a-cold-induced-phytosulfokine-peptide-is-related-to-the-improvement-of-loquat-fruit-chilling-tolerance
#8
Huwei Song, Xinfeng Wang, Weicheng Hu, Xianghui Yang, Enjie Diao, Ting Shen, Qian Qiang
A novel peptidomics approach was used to discover cold-induced peptides in loquat fruit. Twenty unique peptides derived from 18 proproteins were identified, and they were involved in sugar signalling, protein metabolism and stress response. The quantitative analysis revealed 7 peptides with more than 2-fold upregulation, especially a 4.96-fold increase detected in the phytosulfokine (PSK) peptide. To further evaluate effects of PSK1 on fruit chilling tolerance, weight loss, firmness and internal browning were investigated in PSK1-treated loquat fruit at 0°C...
October 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474472/analysis-of-brassica-oleracea-early-stage-abiotic-stress-responses-reveals-tolerance-in-multiple-crop-types-and-for-multiple-sources-of-stress
#9
Andrew M Beacham, Paul Hand, David A C Pink, James M Monaghan
BACKGROUND: Brassica oleracea includes a number of important crop types such as cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli and kale. Current climate conditions and weather patterns are causing significant losses in these crops, meaning that new cultivars with improved tolerance of one or more abiotic stress types must be sought. We assayed genetically fixed B. oleracea lines belonging to a Diversity Fixed Foundation Set (DFFS) for their response to seedling stage-imposed drought, flood, salinity, heat and cold stress...
May 5, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451855/performance-and-carcass-characteristics-of-lambs-fed-diets-with-increasing-levels-of-mimosa-tenuiflora-willd-hay-replacing-buffel-grass-hay
#10
Paulo André Vidal Bandeira, José Morais Pereira Filho, Aderbal Marcos de Azevêdo Silva, Marcílio Fontes Cezar, Olaf Andreas Bakke, Uilma Laurentino Silva, Jucileide Barbosa Borburema, Leilson Rocha Bezerra
This study evaluated the performance and carcass characteristics of lambs fed diets with increasing levels of Mimosa tenuiflora (Willd.) hay replacing Buffel grass (Cenchrus ciliaris). Twenty-eight Santa Inês male lambs with an average body weight (BW) of 20.3 ± 1.49 kg(mean ± SD) were allocated in individual stalls and distributed in a completely random design with four treatments (0, 20, 40, and 60 g/100 g total DM M. tenuiflora hay replacing Buffel grass hay in diet) with seven replications. M...
April 27, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447344/short-term-treatments-with-high-co2-and-low-o2-concentrations-on-quality-of-fresh-goji-berries-lycium-barbarum-l-during-cold-storage
#11
Mina Kafkaletou, Miltiadis V Christopoulos, Eleni Tsantili
BACKGROUND: Goji berries (Lycium barbarum L.) are functional fruits, but usually disposed to markets as dried. The aim, here, was to investigate the storability of fresh goji berries treated with high CO2 and low O2 concentrations before air storage at 1 °C for 21 d. RESULTS: Berries harvested without stems were exposed to air (controls) or treated for 2 d at 1 °C with the following controlled atmosphere (CA) treatments: 21% O2 + 0% CO2 (21 + 0), 5% O2 + 15% CO2 (5 + 15), 10% O2 + 10% CO2 (10 + 10) and 20% O2 + 20% CO2 (20 + 20)...
April 26, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443536/effects-of-nesting-material-on-energy-homeostasis-in-balb-canncrl-c57bl-6ncrl-and-crl-cd1-icr-mice-housed-at-20-%C3%A2-c
#12
Daniel Taylor, Angela Green, Brianna Gaskill
Discrepancies exist between the preferred temperature range for mice (26 to 32 °C) and current recommendations (20 to26 °C), which may alter metabolism and negatively affect studies using mice. Previous research indicates that nesting materialcan alleviate cold stress in mice; therefore, we sought to determine the effects of the amount of nesting material provided(0, 6, or 12 g) on heat energy loss and energy balance in 3 mouse strains housed at currently recommended temperatures duringthe daytime, a period of presumed inactivity...
April 25, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413775/an-interesting-case-of-mycoplasma-pneumonia-associated-multisystem-involvement-and-diffuse-alveolar-hemorrhage
#13
Rashmi Mishra, Edison Cano, Sindhaghatta Venkatram, Gilda Diaz-Fuentes
Severe mycoplasma pneumonia is a rare entity with only 0.5-2% of cases having a fulminant course. We present a 74-year-old woman with hypertension, diabetes mellitus and remote history of marginal zone B-cell lymphoma admitted with abdominal pain and diarrhea of 1-2 days associated with body-aches, dyspnea, dry cough and weight loss for 2-3 weeks. On physical exam, she was febrile, tachypneic, tachycardic and hypoxic on room air. Chest examination revealed diffuse crackles and end-expiratory wheezes. Laboratory tests showed anemia, acute-on-chronic kidney injury and hyaline casts and epithelial cells in the urine analysis...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407920/preharvest-application-of-oxalic-acid-improves-quality-and-phytochemical-content-of-artichoke-cynara-scolymus-l-at-harvest-and-during-storage
#14
Alejandra Martínez-Esplá, María Emma García-Pastor, Pedro Javier Zapata, Fabián Guillén, María Serrano, Daniel Valero, Amadeo Gironés-Vilaplana
In this study the effect of oxalic acid (OA) treatment of artichoke plants (Cynara scolymus L.) on head artichoke development and on artichokes quality parameters (weight loss, firmness, and color), respiration rate, antioxidant activity and phenolics (measured by Folin Ciocalteu and HPLC-DAD-ESI/MS(n)) at harvest and during storage for 21days at 2°C was evaluated. OA treatment increased the percentage of the first class artichokes although no significant effect was found in artichoke developmental process...
September 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399991/in-package-inhibition-of-e-%C3%A2-coli-o157-h7-on-bulk-romaine-lettuce-using-cold-plasma
#15
Sea C Min, Si Hyeon Roh, Brendan A Niemira, Glenn Boyd, Joseph E Sites, Joseph Uknalis, Xuetong Fan
Dielectric barrier discharge atmospheric cold plasma (DACP) treatment was evaluated for the inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7, surface morphology, color, carbon dioxide generation, and weight loss of bulk Romaine lettuce in a commercial plastic clamshell container. The lettuce samples were packed in a model bulk packaging configuration (three rows with either 1, 3, 5, or 7 layers) in the container and treated by DACP (42.6 kV, 10 min). DACP treatment reduced the number of E. coli O157:H7 in the leaf samples in the 1-, 3-, and 5-layer configurations by 0...
August 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394176/physical-and-chemical-properties-of-meat-from-scavenging-chickens-and-helmeted-guinea-fowls-in-response-to-age-and-sex
#16
M T Musundire, T E Halimani, M Chimonyo
1. The effects of age and sex on body weight, carcass traits, physical and chemical properties of breast muscle from chickens and helmeted guinea fowls managed under village free-range conditions were assessed in random samples of 48 guinea fowls and 48 chickens obtained from local markets. 2. Guinea fowls had higher body weight, hot carcass weight, cold dressed weight and breast weight than chickens. 3. Guinea fowls had more dry matter, protein and less fat than chickens. Ash content did not differ between guinea fowls and chickens...
May 31, 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344558/role-of-autonomic-nervous-system-and-orexinergic-system-on-adipose-tissue
#17
REVIEW
Giovanni Messina, Anna Valenzano, Fiorenzo Moscatelli, Monica Salerno, Antonio Lonigro, Teresa Esposito, Vincenzo Monda, Gaetano Corso, Antonietta Messina, Andrea Viggiano, Antonio I Triggiani, Sergio Chieffi, Giuseppe Guglielmi, Marcellino Monda, Giuseppe Cibelli
Adipose tissue, defined as white adipose tissue (WAT) and brown adipose tissue (BAT), is a biological caloric reservoir; in response to over-nutrition it expands and, in response to energy deficit, it releases lipids. The WAT primarily stores energy as triglycerides, whereas BAT dissipates chemical energy as heat. In mammals, the BAT is a key site for heat production and an attractive target to promote weight loss. The autonomic nervous system (ANS) exerts a direct control at the cellular and molecular levels in adiposity...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331462/a-case-of-malignant-pheochromocytoma-presenting-7-years-after-the-initial-surgery
#18
Larsa Al-Omaishi, Jonathan Babin, Ralph L Corsetti
BACKGROUND: Pheochromocytoma (PHEO) is a rare tumor of the adrenal medulla and sympathetic ganglion that produces the catecholamines norepinephrine and epinephrine. Traditionally, approximately 10% of PHEOs were thought to be malignant, but recent developments in PHEO research have noted that specific genetic mutations are associated with higher risk of metastatic spread. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 71-year-old female who presented with abdominal pain in September 2009 when she was 64 years old...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299231/chronic-osteoporotic-pain-in-mice-cutaneous-and-deep-musculoskeletal-pain-are-partially-independent-of-bone-resorption-and-differentially-sensitive-to-pharmacological-interventions
#19
Miyako Suzuki, Magali Millecamps, Lina Naso, Seiji Ohtori, Chisato Mori, Laura S Stone
Although the pathological changes in osteoporotic bones are well established, the characterization of the osteoporotic pain and its appropriate treatment are not fully elucidated. We investigated the behavioral signs of cutaneous and deep musculoskeletal pain and physical function; time-dependent changes in bone mineral density (BMD) and the emergence of the behavioral phenotype; and the effects of pharmacological interventions having different mechanisms of action (chronic intraperitoneal administration of pamidronate [0...
2017: Journal of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298688/quality-storability-and-essential-oil-content-of-ligularia-fischeri-during-modified-atmosphere-packaging-storage
#20
M A Mele, M Z Islam, J P Baek, H M Kang
Modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) enhanced the quality and storability of Ligularia fischeri. Oxygen transmission rate (OTR) films were used as a MAP. MAP storage displayed lower fresh weight loss than perforated film. The oxygen, carbon dioxide, and ethylene concentration were properly maintained by a 10,000 cc OTR packaging film at 8 °C and 30,000 cc OTR packaging film at 24 °C. On the last day of storage, the off-odor, such as the acetaldehyde and ethanol concentration, was the lowest in the 10,000 cc OTR film at 8 °C and 30,000 cc OTR film at 24 °C treatments...
March 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
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