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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668144/-majority-in-asylum-seekers-and-unaccompanied-minors-practical-aspects-for-an-effective-inter-professional-approach
#1
Thomas Pernin, Dagmar M Haller, Anne Meynard, Françoise Narring
An unaccompanied minor is a young person under 18 years of age separated from both parents and who is not cared for by an adult invested of this responsability by law or the custom. Their number has increased in Switzerland in 2015, prompting medical and social professionals to adapt their care to respond more appropriately to their needs. Specific elements of an initial health check for these young people, transcultural skills and a good knowledge of the network are necessary to provide optimal management...
April 18, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665723/a-human-rights-approach-to-advocacy-for-people-with-dementia-a-review-of-current-provision-in-england-and-wales
#2
Jeremy Dixon, Judy Laing, Christine Valentine
In this article, we review current advocacy services for people with dementia in England and Wales (provided, respectively, under the Mental Capacity Act 2005 , the Mental Health Act 1983 /2007 and the Care Act 2014) through the lens of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD). We examine what a human rights' approach to advocacy support would entail, and whether current frameworks in England and Wales are adequate for this approach and provide a sufficient safeguard. First, we consider how the human rights of persons with dementia have become increasingly important and the extent to which the CRPD provides an opportunity to bolster safeguards and protection...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661105/book-review-correctional-health-care-practice-administration-and-law-cohen-f-ed-2017-3-correctional-health-care-practice-administration-and-law-kingston-nj-civic-research-institute-416-pp-135-95-hardcover-isbn-978-1-939083-07-4
#3
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656801/-the-law-of-march-5-2007-and-the-care-of-persons-placed-under-guardianship
#4
Matthieu Modot, Clotilde Rougé-Maillart
The care of persons placed under guardianship has changed considerably since the law of March 5, 2007, as greater autonomy is granted to them. By advocating greater autonomy of protected adults, the French Civil Code is in opposition with the French Public Health Code since the latter states that the systematic consent of the guardian is required in addition to that of the protected adult for so-called general care. In cases of serious injury to bodily integrity, the guardianship judge's opinion must be sought by the guardian...
April 12, 2018: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656526/access-to-knowledge-and-the-global-abortion-policies-database
#5
Joanna N Erdman, Brooke Ronald Johnson
Research shows that women, healthcare providers, and even policy makers worldwide have limited or inaccurate knowledge of the abortion law and policies in their country. These knowledge gaps sometimes stem from the vague and broad terms of the law, which breed uncertainty and even conflict when unaccompanied by accessible regulation or guidelines. Inconsistency across national law and policy further impedes safe and evidence-based practice. This lack of transparency creates a crisis of accountability. Those seeking care cannot know their legal entitlements, service providers cannot practice with legal protection, and governments can escape legal responsibility for the adverse effects of their laws...
April 14, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650498/five-years-post-nirbhaya-critical-insights-into-the-status-of-response-to-sexual-assault
#6
Sunita Vs Bandewar, Amita Pitre, Lakshmi Lingam
It is five years since the fatal gang rape of Jyothi Singh (Nirbhaya), a physiotherapy student, on December 16, 2012, in New Delhi, the capital of India. The legal and policy reforms triggered by the Nirbhaya case will remain a watershed moment in the history of efforts towards seeking justice for survivors of gender-based violence in India. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013 and the "Guidelines and protocols: Medico-legal care for survivors/victims of sexual violence" issued by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare in March 2014 are two landmark reforms...
March 28, 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644989/the-palliative-care-in-dementia-context-health-professionals-point-of-view-about-advantages-and-resistances
#7
Sabina Zapponi, Maria Chiara Ascari, Erjona Feracaku, Silvia Masin, Paola Paglia, Roberta Petroccione, Ana Pinzaru, Chiara Foà, Giovanna Artioli, Leopoldo Sarli
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The 38/2010 law has expanded the provision of palliative care to patients with chronic-degenerative diseases. The ISTAT data show that 60% of the dying population is suffering from these diseases and could, according to the literature review, benefit particularly from such treatments. This study investigates the point of view of healthcare professionals, working in the context of dementia, regarding the knowledge and application of palliative care in the field of dementia...
March 26, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628200/public-policy-and-health-informatics
#8
REVIEW
Katherine Bell
OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of the history of electronic health policy and identify significant laws that influence health informatics. DATA SOURCES: US Department of Health and Human Services. CONCLUSION: The development of health information technology has influenced the process for delivering health care. Public policy and regulations are an important part of health informatics and establish the structure of electronic health systems...
April 5, 2018: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625790/transfusion-associated-hazards-a-revisit-of-their-presentation
#9
O Garraud, C Sut, A Haddad, S Tariket, C Aloui, S Laradi, H Hamzeh-Cognasse, T Bourlet, F Zeni, C Aubron, Y Ozier, S Laperche, T Peyrard, P Buffet, D Guyotat, E Tavernier, F Cognasse, B Pozzetto, G Andreu
As a therapy or a support to other therapies, despite being largely beneficial to patients in general, transfusion it is not devoid of some risks. In a moderate number of cases, patients may manifest adverse reactions, otherwise referred to as transfusion-associated hazards (TAHs). The latest French 2016 haemovigilance report indicates that 93% of TAHs are minor (grade 1), 5.5% are moderate (grade 2) and 1.6% are severe (grade 3), with only five deaths (grade 4) being attributed to transfusion with relative certainty (imputability of level [or grade] 1 to 3)...
April 3, 2018: Transfusion Clinique et Biologique: Journal de la Société Française de Transfusion Sanguine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624562/congenital-syphilis-prevention-strategies-evidence-and-future-directions
#10
Rosalyn E Plotzker, Ryan D Murphy, Juliet E Stoltey
BACKGROUND: Congenital syphilis (CS) - the preventable transmission of Treponema pallidum from infected mother to fetus - remains a significant problem worldwide. METHODS: From July through November 2017, 239 articles relevant to CS prevention were identified via keyword searches in PubMed and Google Scholar, ancestry searches, and expert recommendation. Articles were then assessed for 1) measurement of a specified CS or adverse pregnancy outcome (APOs) and 2) geographic setting in high/upper middle income countries according to United Nations criteria...
April 5, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621909/on-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-in-the-united-states-a-historical-perspective
#11
Jordan A Conrad
The history of intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) in the United States is, in many ways, a triumphant story reflecting an increasingly progressive attitude acknowledging the equality of all persons. The law now recognizes people with IDD as citizens, possessing an equal right to education, health care, and employment-each of which represents milestone victories. However, this progression was not a linear development but rather a product of periods of growth and decline, backsliding, and hard-won battles across political, cultural, and legal domains...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615354/improved-access-to-health-care-in-massachusetts-after-2006-massachusetts-healthcare-reform-law-is-associated-with-a-significant-decrease-in-mortality-among-vascular-surgery-patients
#12
Mohammad H Eslami, Katherine Moll Reitz, Denis V Rybin, Gheorghe Doros, Alik Farber
BACKGROUND: Access to medical care, by adequate insurance coverage, has a direct impact on outcomes for patients undergoing vascular procedures. We evaluated in-hospital mortality for patients undergoing index vascular procedures before and after the Massachusetts Healthcare Reform Law (MHRL) in 2006, which mandated insurance for all Massachusetts residents, both in Massachusetts and throughout the United States. METHODS: The National Inpatient Sample was queried to identify patients undergoing interventions for peripheral arterial disease, carotid artery stenosis, and abdominal aortic aneurysms based on International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification procedural and diagnostic codes...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615052/the-trend-and-features-of-physician-workforce-supply-in-china-after-national-medical-licensing-system-reform
#13
Chengxiang Tang, Daisheng Tang
BACKGROUND: The annual number of newly licensed physicians is an important indicator of medical workforce supply, which can accurately reflect an inflow into the health care market over a period. In order to both regulate medical professions and improve the quality of health care services, China established its medical licensing system from the point of the implementation of 'Law on Practising Doctors' in 1999. The objective of this study is to depict the trend and structure of newly licensed physicians thereafter...
April 3, 2018: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614924/parental-consent-and-access-to-oral-health-care-for-adolescents
#14
Susana J Calderon, Caroline Mallory, Michelle Malin
While most states allow minors 12 years and older to consent to services for contraception, prenatal care, or sexually transmitted infections, the same adolescents are required to have parental consent for even preventive oral health care. Many adolescents are denied access to preventive oral health care because of the challenge of securing parental consent for care when parents are unwilling, unable, or unavailable to consent. Our purpose is to examine the barriers to preventive oral health care for U.S. adolescents related to parental consent laws, explore the issues surrounding these laws, and recommend policy changes...
January 1, 2018: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608360/affordable-care-act-s-cadillac-tax-could-affect-one-fourth-of-workers-with-employer-health-coverage-by-2025
#15
Mark J Warshawsky, Michael Leahy
The excise tax on high-cost health insurance plans (known as the Cadillac tax) under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) is an important part of the law's attempt to control rising health care costs. Analysts using different data sources have come to divergent estimates of how many people would be affected by this tax. We used the National Compensation Survey from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, which is better suited to this analysis because of its law-relevant details on employer-provided health benefits. Our research clarifies an important area of empirical uncertainty, thereby informing the debate about the ACA and its proposed replacements...
April 2018: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606520/the-significance-of-interfamilial-relationships-on-birth-preparedness-and-complication-readiness-in-pakistan
#16
Usman Ghani, Susan Crowther, Yasir Kamal, Muhammad Wahab
BACKGROUND: In the interests of improving maternal health care and survival, the issue of birth preparedness and complication readiness has been much debated and has remained a priority for the international health community. The provision of birth preparedness and complications readiness is determined by a range of different factors. AIM: The main aim of this study is to identify and measure the influence of husbands and other family relationships on birth preparedness and complications readiness in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan...
March 29, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605187/antipsychotic-drugs-versus-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-versus-a-combination-of-both-in-people-with-psychosis-a-randomised-controlled-pilot-and-feasibility-study
#17
Anthony P Morrison, Heather Law, Lucy Carter, Rachel Sellers, Richard Emsley, Melissa Pyle, Paul French, David Shiers, Alison R Yung, Elizabeth K Murphy, Natasha Holden, Ann Steele, Samantha E Bowe, Jasper Palmier-Claus, Victoria Brooks, Rory Byrne, Linda Davies, Peter M Haddad
BACKGROUND: Little evidence is available for head-to-head comparisons of psychosocial interventions and pharmacological interventions in psychosis. We aimed to establish whether a randomised controlled trial of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) versus antipsychotic drugs versus a combination of both would be feasible in people with psychosis. METHODS: We did a single-site, single-blind pilot randomised controlled trial in people with psychosis who used services in National Health Service trusts across Greater Manchester, UK...
March 28, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605112/ionising-radiation-risk-disclosure-when-should-radiographers-assume-a-duty-to-inform
#18
C W E Younger, C Douglas, H Warren-Forward
INTRODUCTION: Autonomy is a fundamental patient right for ethical practice, and informed consent is the mechanism by which health care professionals ensure this right has been respected. The ethical notion of informed consent has evolved alongside legal developments. Under Australian law, a provider who fails to disclose risk may be found to be in breach of a duty of disclosure, potentially facing legal consequences if the patient experiences harm that is attributable to an undisclosed risk...
May 2018: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602933/international-medical-law-and-its-impact-on-the-ukrainian-health-care-legislation
#19
Vitalii Pashkov, Larysa Udovyka, Hanna Dichko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The Ukrainian state has an urgent necessity of rapid search for essentially new legal and organizational forms of the healthcare system, reform of the legal regulation of healthcare services provision. In the context of European integration, the advancement of the medical industry reform is closely related to consideration of international standards and norms of health care. The aim: To study the impact of international medical law on the Ukrainian health care legislation...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29598808/-with-great-power-comes-great-responsibility-democracy-the-secretary-of-state-for-health-and-blame-shifting-within-the-english-national-health-service
#20
David I Benbow
The English National Health Service (NHS) has suffered from a democratic deficit since its inception. Democratic accountability was to be through ministers to Parliament, but ministerial control over and responsibility for the NHS were regarded as myths. Reorganizations and management and market reforms, in the neoliberal era, have centralized power within the NHS. However, successive governments have sought to reduce their responsibility for health care through institutional depoliticization, to shift blame, facilitated through legal changes...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
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