keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Omega 3 aging

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934192/metabolomics-and-cognition-in-african-american-adults-in-midlife-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-study
#1
J Bressler, B Yu, T H Mosley, D S Knopman, R F Gottesman, A Alonso, A R Sharrett, L M Wruck, E Boerwinkle
Clinical studies have shown alterations in metabolic profiles when patients with mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease dementia were compared to cognitively normal subjects. Associations between 204 serum metabolites measured at baseline (1987-1989) and cognitive change were investigated in 1035 middle-aged community-dwelling African American participants in the biracial Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study. Cognition was evaluated using the Delayed Word Recall Test (DWRT; verbal memory), the Digit Symbol Substitution Test (DSST; processing speed) and the Word Fluency Test (WFT; verbal fluency) at visits 2 (1990-1992) and 4 (1996-1998)...
July 18, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923031/positive-mental-health-literacy-development-and-validation-of-a-measure-among-norwegian-adolescents
#2
Hanne Nissen Bjørnsen, Mary Elizabeth Bradley Eilertsen, Regine Ringdal, Geir Arild Espnes, Unni Karin Moksnes
BACKGROUND: Mental health literacy (MHL), or the knowledge and abilities necessary to benefit mental health, is a significant determinant of mental health and has the potential to benefit both individual and public mental health. MHL and its measures have traditionally focused on knowledge and beliefs about mental -ill-health rather than on mental health. No measures of MHL addressing knowledge of good or positive mental health have been identified. AIM: This study aimed to develop and validate an instrument measuring adolescents' knowledge of how to obtain and maintain good mental health and to evaluate the psychometric properties of the instrument...
September 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901279/role-of-physical-exercise-and-omega-3-fatty-acids-on-depressive-illness-in-the-elderly
#3
Stefano Farioli-Vecchioli, Stefano Sacchetti, Vittoria Nicolis di Robilant, Debora Cutuli
BACKGROUND: In adulthood, depression is the most common type of mental illness and will be the second leading cause of disease by 2020. Major depression dramatically affects the function of the central nervous system and degrades life quality, especially during aging. Several mechanisms underlie the pathophysiology of depressive illness, given it has a multifactorial etiology. Human and animal studies have demonstrated that depression is mainly associated with imbalances in neurotransmitters and neurotrophins, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis alterations, brain volume changes, neurogenesis dysfunction, and dysregulation of inflammatory pathways...
September 11, 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899766/health-relevance-of-the-modification-of-low-grade-inflammation-in-ageing-inflammageing-and-the-role-of-nutrition
#4
REVIEW
Philip C Calder, Nabil Bosco, Raphaëlle Bourdet-Sicard, Lucile Capuron, Nathalie Delzenne, Joel Doré, Claudio Franceschi, Markus J Lehtinen, Tobias Recker, Stefano Salvioli, Francesco Visioli
Ageing of the global population has become a public health concern with an important socio-economic dimension. Ageing is characterised by an increase in the concentration of inflammatory markers in the bloodstream, a phenomenon that has been termed "inflammageing". The inflammatory response is beneficial as an acute, transient reaction to harmful conditions, facilitating the defence, repair, turnover and adaptation of many tissues. However, chronic and low grade inflammation is likely to be detrimental for many tissues and for normal functions...
September 9, 2017: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894110/omega-3-fatty-acids-correlate-with-gut-microbiome-diversity-and-production-of-n-carbamylglutamate-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-women
#5
Cristina Menni, Jonas Zierer, Tess Pallister, Matthew A Jackson, Tao Long, Robert P Mohney, Claire J Steves, Tim D Spector, Ana M Valdes
Omega-3 fatty acids may influence human physiological parameters in part by affecting the gut microbiome. The aim of this study was to investigate the links between omega-3 fatty acids, gut microbiome diversity and composition and faecal metabolomic profiles in middle aged and elderly women. We analysed data from 876 twins with 16S microbiome data and DHA, total omega-3, and other circulating fatty acids. Estimated food intake of omega-3 fatty acids were obtained from food frequency questionnaires. Both total omega-3and DHA serum levels were significantly correlated with microbiome alpha diversity (Shannon index) after adjusting for confounders (DHA Beta(SE) = 0...
September 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891198/targeted-medical-nutrition-for-cachexia-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Philip C Calder, Alessandro Laviano, Fredrik Lonnqvist, Maurizio Muscaritoli, Maria Öhlander, Annemie Schols
BACKGROUND: Cachectic patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may benefit from nutritional support. This double-blind, randomized, controlled trial evaluated the safety and efficacy of targeted medical nutrition (TMN) vs. an isocaloric comparator in pre-cachectic and cachectic patients with COPD. METHODS: Patients aged ≥50 years with moderate-to-severe COPD and involuntary weight loss or low body mass index (16-18 kg/m(2) ) were randomized 1:1 to receive TMN (~230 kcal; 2 g omega-3 fatty acids; 10 μg 25-hydroxy-vitamin D3) or isocaloric comparator twice daily for 12 weeks (ClinicalTrials...
September 10, 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883634/association-of-the-resolvin-precursor-17-hdha-but-not-d-or-e-series-resolvins-with-heat-pain-sensitivity-and-osteoarthritis-pain-in-humans
#7
Ana M Valdes, Srinivasarao Ravipati, Cristina Menni, Abhishek Abhishek, Sarah Metrustry, Juliette Harris, Ayrun Nessa, Frances M K Williams, Tim D Spector, Michael Doherty, Victoria Chapman, David A Barrett
Resolvins are omega-3 fatty acid derived potent bioactive lipids that resolve inflammation and modulate transient receptor potential channels. Exogenous administration of the resolvin precursor 17-HDHA shows a strong analgesic effect in animal models of osteoarthritis and acute inflammatory pain, but has not been studied in humans. Our aim was to assess the role of 17-HDHA and resolvins in heat pain sensitivity and in osteoarthritis pain in humans. Resolvins D1, D2, D3, D5, E1 and 17-HDHA, were measured by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry and tested for association with heat pain thresholds in 250 healthy volunteers who had undergone quantitative sensory testing...
September 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855421/dietary-supplement-use-was-very-high-among-older-adults-in-the-united-states-in-2011-2014
#8
Jaime J Gahche, Regan L Bailey, Nancy Potischman, Johanna T Dwyer
Background: Dietary supplements (DSs) have the potential to be both beneficial and harmful to health, especially in adults aged ≥60 y, and therefore it is important to monitor the patterns of their use.Objectives: This study evaluated DS use by adults aged ≥60 y to characterize the use of DSs, determine the motivations for use, and examine the associations between the use of DSs and selected demographic, lifestyle, and health characteristics.Methods: Data from 3469 older adults aged ≥60 y from the 2011-2014 NHANES were analyzed...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854755/omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-provided-during-embryonic-development-improve-the-growth-performance-and-welfare-of-muscovy-ducks-cairina-moschata
#9
E Baéza, P Chartrin, T Bordeau, M Lessire, J M Thoby, V Gigaud, M Blanchet, A Alinier, C Leterrier
The welfare of ducks can be affected by unwanted behaviors such as excessive reactivity and feather pecking. Providing long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC n-3 PUFA) during gestation and early life has been shown to improve the brain development and function of human and rodent offspring. The aim of this study was to test whether the pecking behavior of Muscovy ducks during rearing could be reduced by providing LC n-3 PUFA during embryonic and/or post-hatching development of ducklings. Enrichment of eggs, and consequently embryos, with LC n-3 PUFA was achieved by feeding female ducks (n-3F) a diet containing docosahexaenoic (DHA) and linolenic acids (microalgae and linseed oil)...
September 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852136/high-predictive-values-of-rbc-membrane-based-diagnostics-by-biophotonics-in-an-integrated-approach-for-autism-spectrum-disorders
#10
Giorgia Giacometti, Carla Ferreri, Anna Sansone, Chryssostomos Chatgilialoglu, Carla Marzetti, Ellas Spyratou, Alexandros G Georgakilas, Marina Marini, Provvidenza M Abruzzo, Alessandra Bolotta, Alessandro Ghezzo, Renato Minguzzi, Annio Posar, Paola Visconti
Membranes attract attention in medicine, concerning lipidome composition and fatty acid correlation with neurological diseases. Hyperspectral dark field microscopy (HDFM), a biophotonic imaging using reflectance spectra, provides accurate characterization of healthy adult RBC identifying a library of 8 spectral end-members. Here we report hyperspectral RBC imaging in children affected by Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) (n = 21) compared to healthy age-matched subjects (n = 20), investigating if statistically significant differences in their HDFM spectra exist, that can comprehensively map a membrane impairment involved in disease...
August 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840052/predictors-of-memory-in-healthy-aging-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-balance-and-fornix-white-matter-integrity
#11
Marta K Zamroziewicz, Erick J Paul, Chris E Zwilling, Aron K Barbey
Recent evidence demonstrates that age and disease-related decline in cognition depends not only upon degeneration in brain structure and function, but also on dietary intake and nutritional status. Memory, a potential preclinical marker of Alzheimer's disease, is supported by white matter integrity in the brain and dietary patterns high in omega-3 and omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids. However, the extent to which memory is supported by specific omega-3 and omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids, and the degree to which this relationship is reliant upon microstructure of particular white matter regions is not known...
July 2017: Aging and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835365/coffee-consumption-after-myocardial-infarction-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-mortality-a-prospective-analysis-in-the-alpha-omega-cohort
#12
Laura H van Dongen, Famke Jm Mölenberg, Sabita S Soedamah-Muthu, Daan Kromhout, Johanna M Geleijnse
Background: Consumption of coffee, one of the most popular beverages around the world, has been associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in population-based studies. However, little is known about these associations in patient populations.Objective: This prospective study aimed to examine the consumption of caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee in relation to cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality, ischemic heart disease (IHD) mortality, and all-cause mortality in patients with a prior myocardial infarction (MI)...
August 23, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831714/omega-3-fatty-acid-levels-in-red-blood-cell-membranes-and-physical-decline-over-3%C3%A2-years-longitudinal-data-from-the-mapt-study
#13
Bertrand Fougère, Sabine Goisser, Christelle Cantet, Gaëlle Soriano, Sophie Guyonnet, Philipe De Souto Barreto, Matteo Cesari, Sandrine Andrieu, Bruno Vellas
Studies have shown that omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are associated with brain, cardiovascular, and immune function, as well as physical performance and bone health in older adults. So far, few studies have investigated the associations between PUFA status and performance-based tests of physical function. The objective of this study was to investigate the associations between the omega-3 PUFA levels (eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)) in red blood cell (RBC) membranes and physical performance, in a sample of community-dwelling older adults...
August 22, 2017: GeroScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826313/effect-of-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-supplementation-on-body-composition-and-circulating-levels-of-follistatin-like-1-in-males-with-coronary-artery-disease-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial
#14
Shirin Jafari Salim, Shahab Alizadeh, Mahmoud Djalali, Ebrahim Nematipour, Mohammad Hassan Javanbakht
Adipokines are mediators of body composition and are involved in obesity-related complications such as cardiovascular disease. Omega-3 supplementation has not been studied in the setting of body composition and follistatin-like 1 (FSTL1) levels in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). This study aimed to investigate the effect of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (ω-3 PUFA) supplementation on body composition indices and serum levels of FSTL1 in CAD patients. A total of 42 male (aged 45-65 years) subjects with angiographically confirmed CAD were included in this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial study...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809398/precision-medicine-for-suicidality-from-universality-to-subtypes-and-personalization
#15
A B Niculescu, H Le-Niculescu, D F Levey, P L Phalen, H L Dainton, K Roseberry, E M Niculescu, J O Niezer, A Williams, D L Graham, T J Jones, V Venugopal, A Ballew, M Yard, T Gelbart, S M Kurian, A Shekhar, N J Schork, G E Sandusky, D R Salomon
Suicide remains a clear, present and increasing public health problem, despite being a potentially preventable tragedy. Its incidence is particularly high in people with overt or un(der)diagnosed psychiatric disorders. Objective and precise identification of individuals at risk, ways of monitoring response to treatments and novel preventive therapeutics need to be discovered, employed and widely deployed. We sought to investigate whether blood gene expression biomarkers for suicide (that is, a 'liquid biopsy' approach) can be identified that are more universal in nature, working across psychiatric diagnoses and genders, using larger cohorts than in previous studies...
September 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808832/factor-structure-of-teacher-ratings-of-the-odd-symptoms-in-children
#16
Rapson Gomez, Vasileios Stavropoulos, George Van Doorn
This study used confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to determine the best model for Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) symptoms in children aged 3 to 15 years, as presented in the Disruptive Behavior Rating Scale. Teachers' ratings of the ODD symptoms of 213 children from general community schools in Australia were obtained. The findings provided most support for a bifactor model based on Stringaris and Goodman's [1] three-factor model (primary factors for irritable, hurtful, and headstrong). The general factor, but not the group factors in the model, showed high omega hierarchical and explained common variance...
August 15, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808645/effect-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-the-incidence-of-gestational-diabetes
#17
Hatav Ghasemi Tehrani, Fatemeh Mostajeran, Behnaz Banihashemi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was survey of the effect of Vitamin D supplementation on the incidence of gestational diabetes (GDM) in pregnant women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was conducted at Alzahra and Shahid Beheshti Hospital in Isfahan, Iran, from January, 2013 to January, 2014 on 210 pregnant women referred to gynecology clinics. Serum levels of Vitamin D were measured, and those with lower serum levels of 10 nmol/L randomly divided into two groups of A and B...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806965/decreased-circulating-dihomo-gamma-linolenic-acid-levels-are-associated-with-total-mortality-in-patients-with-acute-cardiovascular-disease-and-acute-decompensated-heart-failure
#18
Shohei Ouchi, Tetsuro Miyazaki, Kazunori Shimada, Yurina Sugita, Megumi Shimizu, Azusa Murata, Takao Kato, Tatsuro Aikawa, Shoko Suda, Tomoyuki Shiozawa, Masaru Hiki, Shuhei Takahashi, Takatoshi Kasai, Katsumi Miyauchi, Hiroyuki Daida
BACKGROUND: Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have important roles in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases. However, the clinical significance of omega-6 PUFAs in acute cardiovascular disease remains unknown. METHODS: We enrolled 417 consecutive patients with acute cardiovascular disease admitted to the cardiac intensive care unit at Juntendo University Hospital between April 2012 and October 2013. We investigated the association between serum PUFA levels and long-term mortality...
August 14, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802628/physical-activity-domains-and-cognitive-function-over-three-years-in-older-adults-with-subjective-memory-complaints-secondary-analysis-from-the-mapt-trial
#19
Philipe de Souto Barreto, Sandrine Andrieu, Yves Rolland, Bruno Vellas
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to examine the associations of physical activity (PA) domains (i.e., PA in leisure-time (LTPA), for housework (HPA), or for gardening (GPA)) with cognitive function in older adults with subjective memory complaints (no-dementia) and to investigate if those associations were dependent on the status of apolipoprotein E allele 4 (APOE4), omega-3 levels and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). DESIGN: Observational prospective secondary analysis using longitudinal data from a randomized controlled trial...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798916/risk-benefit-assessment-of-monomethylmercury-and-omega-3-fatty-acid-intake-for-ringed-seal-consumption-with-particular-emphasis-on-vulnerable-populations-in-the-western-canadian-arctic
#20
Lena Gmelch, Holger Hintelmann, Brendan Hickie, Hermine Kienberger, Gary Stern, Michael Rychlik
Many northern Inuit communities rely on traditional food as major source of nourishment. An essential part of the traditional Arctic diet is marine mammals such as ringed seals or beluga. Being top predators, these animals are often highly contaminated with various toxins. In contrast, some tissues of marine mammals are also characterized by high amounts of n3-PUFAs (omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids). Here, we try to balance the risks associated with the consumption of different tissue types of ringed seals in terms of the neurotoxin monomethylmercury (MMHg) with the benefits of consumption due to high n3-PUFA concentrations...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
keyword
keyword
49914
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"