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Omega 3 aging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791509/health-outcomes-and-adherence-to-a-healthy-lifestyle-after-a-multimodal-intervention-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-three-year-follow-up
#1
Claudia H Marck, Alysha M De Livera, Chelsea R Brown, Sandra L Neate, Keryn L Taylor, Tracey J Weiland, Emily J Hadgkiss, George A Jelinek
BACKGROUND: Modifiable risk factors such as smoking and sedentary lifestyle adversely affect multiple sclerosis (MS) progression. Few multimodal behavioural interventions have been conducted for people with MS, and follow-up beyond 1 year is rare for lifestyle interventions. This study assessed adoption and adherence to healthy lifestyle behaviours and health outcomes 3 years after a lifestyle modification intervention, using generalized estimating equation models to account for within-participant correlation over time...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789213/severe-hypertriglyceridemia-clinical-characteristics-and-therapeutic-management
#2
Walter Masson, Emiliano Rossi, Daniel Siniawski, Juan Damonte, Ana Halsband, Ramiro Barolo, Miguel Scaramal
INTRODUCTION: The therapeutic management of severe hypertriglyceridaemia represents a clinical challenge. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were 1) to identify the clinical characteristics of patients with severe hypertriglyceridaemia, and 2) to analyse the treatment established by the physicians in each case. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out using the computerised medical records of all patients>18 years of age with a blood triglyceride level≥1,000mg/dL between 1 January 2011 and 31 December 2016...
May 19, 2018: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786878/dietary-omega-3-fatty-acids-differentially-impact-acute-ethanol-responsive-behaviors-and-ethanol-consumption-in-dba-2j-versus-c57bl-6j-mice
#3
Jennifer T Wolstenholme, M Scott Bowers, Alexander B Pais, A Christian Pais, Ryan S Poland, Justin L Poklis, Andrew G Davies, Jill C Bettinger
BACKGROUND: Complex interactions between environmental and genetic factors influence the risk for developing alcohol use disorder (AUD) in humans. To date, studies of the impact of environment on AUD risk have primarily focused on psychological characteristics or on the effects of developmental exposure to ethanol. We recently observed that modifying levels of the long-chain ω-3 (LC ω-3) fatty acid, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), alters acute physiological responses to ethanol in C. elegans...
May 22, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783637/a-phosphatidylserine-source-of-docosahexanoic-acid-improves-neurodevelopment-and-survival-of-preterm-pigs
#4
Randal K Buddington, Victor V Chizhikov, Igor Y Iskusnykh, Helen J Sable, Jeffrey J Sable, Zade R Holloway, Tamar Blumenfeld Katzir, Marie van der Merwe, Taisiya Yakimkova, Karyl K Buddington, Yael Lifshitz, Shoshi Tessler, Ariel Gilbert
The amount, composition, and sources of nutrition support provided to preterm infants is critical for normal growth and development, and particularly for structural and functional neurodevelopment. Although omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA), and particularly docosahexanoic acid (DHA), are considered of particular importance, results from clinical trials with preterm infants have been inconclusive because of ethical limitations and confounding variables. A translational large animal model is needed to understand the structural and functional responses to DHA...
May 18, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779801/docosahexaenoic-acid-supplementation-for-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-comprehensive-review-of-the-evidence
#5
REVIEW
Renata Ramalho, Ana Colaço Pereira, Filipa Vicente, Paula Pereira
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is considered the most common behavioural disorder in school-age children. ADHD is a complex and multifactorial disorder characterised by a variety of symptoms, including concentration problems, excessive motor activity and impulsivity which interferes with execution of simple school tasks. Diagnosis has been essentially subjective, since no specific laboratory tests are available. However, ADHD remains overdiagnosed, probably due to social pressures for children to be successful in school from an early age, which leads parents to seek medical support...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770749/rosuvastatin-and-atorvastatin-preserve-renal-function-in-hiv-1-infected-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-and-hyperlipidaemia
#6
Leonardo Calza, Vincenzo Colangeli, Marco Borderi, Roberto Manfredi, Lorenzo Marconi, Isabella Bon, Maria Carla Re, Pierluigi Viale
BACKGROUND: Hyperlipidaemia is a risk factor for the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD), which is a frequent comorbidity in patients with HIV-1 infection, but the renal effects of statins remain unclear. METHODS: We performed an observational, prospective study of HIV-infected patients on suppressive antiretroviral therapy, with CKD and hyperlipidaemia, and starting a lipid-lowering treatment with rosuvastatin, atorvastatin or omega-3 fatty acids. CKD was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≤ 60 mL/min/1...
June 2018: HIV Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767732/dietary-intake-of-alpha-linolenic-acid-is-not-appreciably-associated-with-the-risk-of-ischemic-stroke-among-middle-aged-danish-men-and-women
#7
Christian S Bork, Stine K Venø, Søren Lundbye-Christensen, Marianne U Jakobsen, Anne Tjønneland, Erik B Schmidt, Kim Overvad
Background: Intake of the plant-derived omega-3 (n-3) fatty acid alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) may reduce the risk of ischemic stroke. Objective: We have investigated the associations between dietary intake of ALA and the risk of ischemic stroke and ischemic stroke subtypes. Methods: This was a follow-up study. A total of 57,053 participants aged 50-64 y were enrolled into the Danish Diet, Cancer and Health cohort between 1993 and 1997. Intake of ALA was assessed by a validated semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746616/a-regulatory-insertion-deletion-polymorphism-in-the-fads-gene-cluster-influences-pufa-and-lipid-profiles-among-chinese-adults-a-population-based-study
#8
Peiqin Li, Jing Zhao, Kumar S D Kothapalli, Xiang Li, Hui Li, Yuxuan Han, Shengquan Mi, Wenhua Zhao, Qizhai Li, Hong Zhang, Yiqing Song, J Thomas Brenna, Ying Gao
Background: Arachidonic acid (AA) is the major polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) substrate for potent eicosanoid signaling to modulate inflammation and thrombosis and is controlled in part by tissue abundance. Fatty acid desaturase 1 (FADS1) catalyzes synthesis of omega-6 (n-3) AA and n-3 eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). The rs66698963 polymorphism, a 22-base pair (bp) insertion-deletion 137 bp downstream of a sterol regulatory element in FADS2 intron 1, mediates expression of FADS1 in vitro, as well as exerting positive selection in several human populations...
May 9, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743128/omega-3-%C3%AF-3-and-social-skills-interventions-for-reactive-aggression-and-childhood-externalizing-behavior-problems-a-randomized-stratified-double-blind-placebo-controlled-factorial-trial
#9
Adrian Raine, Rebecca P Ang, Olivia Choy, Joseph R Hibbeln, Ringo M-H Ho, Choon Guan Lim, Nikki S J Lim-Ashworth, Shichun Ling, Jean C J Liu, Yoon Phaik Ooi, Yi Ren Tan, Daniel S S Fung
BACKGROUND: While studies suggest that nutritional supplementation may reduce aggressive behavior in children, few have examined their effects on specific forms of aggression. This study tests the primary hypothesis that omega-3 (ω-3), both alone and in conjunction with social skills training, will have particular post-treatment efficacy for reducing childhood reactive aggression relative to baseline. METHODS: In this randomized, double-blind, stratified, placebo-controlled, factorial trial, a clinical sample of 282 children with externalizing behavior aged 7-16 years was randomized into ω-3 only, social skills only, ω-3 + social skills, and placebo control groups...
May 10, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736322/oral-omega-3-supplementation-lowers-intraocular-pressure-in-normotensive-adults
#10
Laura Elizabeth Downie, Algis Jonas Vingrys
Purpose: Elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) is the major modifiable risk factor for the sight-threatening eye disease, glaucoma. We investigated whether oral omega-3 supplements affect IOP in normotensive adults. Methods: We undertook a pooled analysis of data from two double-masked, placebo-controlled randomized trials (Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry, ACTRN12614001019695, ACTRN12615000173594) that investigated the efficacy and safety of oral omega-3 supplementation for treating ocular surface inflammation...
May 2018: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723102/cardioprotection-by-cocoa-polyphenols-and-%C3%AF-3-fatty-acids-a-disease-prevention-perspective-on-aging-associated-cardiovascular-risk
#11
Sergio Davinelli, Graziamaria Corbi, Stefano Righetti, Barry Sears, Hector Hugo Olarte, Davide Grassi, Giovanni Scapagnini
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the leading cause of death today. Many of the biochemical alterations associated with the pathophysiology of CVD can be modified by adequate intakes of bioactive nutrients through a correct diet or supplementation. Recently, there has been growing public and clinical interest in cocoa polyphenols (CPs) and omega-3 (ω-3) fatty acids. A plethora of nutritional intervention trials and experimental studies demonstrates that consumption of these bioactive food compounds is beneficial to promote cardiovascular health...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722843/diet-quality-among-us-born-and-foreign-born-non-hispanic-blacks-nhanes-2003-2012-data
#12
Alison G M Brown, Robert F Houser, Josiemer Mattei, Colin D Rehm, Dariush Mozaffarian, Alice H Lichtenstein, Sara C Folta
Background: Non-Hispanic blacks in the United States are less likely to not meet national dietary recommendations than non-Hispanic whites; however, most studies do not consider nativity of US blacks. Objective: With the use of the Alternative Healthy Eating Index-2010 (AHEI-2010) and the Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH) scores, this cross-sectional study compared diet quality between US-born (n = 3,911) and foreign-born (n = 408) non-Hispanic black adults aged 22-79 y, based on pooled nationally representative data (NHANES 2003-2012) as well as by length of US residency...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721237/association-of-omega-3-fatty-acid-and-epileptic-seizure-in-epileptic-patients-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Makan Pourmasoumi, Nooshin Vosoughi, Seyedeh-Masoumeh Derakhshandeh-Rishehri, Mostafa Assarroudi, Motahar Heidari-Beni
The evidence on the association between omega-3 consumption and epileptic seizure is inconsistent. Therefore, we have conducted this systematic review to clarify the possible relationship. Original articles were searched in electronic databases (PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, Cochrane, and Ovid) and by reviewing the reference lists of retrieved articles. The main evaluated outcome was the epileptic seizures. We included the English language studies that reported the original data on the effect of omega-3 on epileptic human patients...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686092/environmental-selection-during-the-last-ice-age-on-the-mother-to-infant-transmission-of-vitamin-d-and-fatty-acids-through-breast-milk
#14
Leslea J Hlusko, Joshua P Carlson, George Chaplin, Scott A Elias, John F Hoffecker, Michaela Huffman, Nina G Jablonski, Tesla A Monson, Dennis H O'Rourke, Marin A Pilloud, G Richard Scott
Because of the ubiquitous adaptability of our material culture, some human populations have occupied extreme environments that intensified selection on existing genomic variation. By 32,000 years ago, people were living in Arctic Beringia, and during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM; 28,000-18,000 y ago), they likely persisted in the Beringian refugium. Such high latitudes provide only very low levels of UV radiation, and can thereby lead to dangerously low levels of biosynthesized vitamin D. The physiological effects of vitamin D deficiency range from reduced dietary absorption of calcium to a compromised immune system and modified adipose tissue function...
April 23, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681953/omega-3-fatty-acid-supplementation-improves-heart-rate-variability-in-obese-children
#15
Christoph Baumann, Ulla Rakowski, Reiner Buchhorn
Obese children and adolescents are at high risk of developing cardiovascular diseases later in life. We hypothesized that cardiovascular prophylaxis with omega-3 fatty acids could benefit them. In our study, 20 children and adolescents (mean body mass index percentile: 99.1; mean age: 11.0 years) underwent two ambulatory 24 h Holter electrocardiography (ECG) recordings (before and after at least 3 months of omega-3 fatty acid supplementation). Time domain heart rate variability (HRV) and heart rate (HR) were examined for these patients...
2018: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679982/association-of-maternal-omega-6-fatty-acid-intake-with-infant-birth-outcomes-korean-mothers-and-children-s-environmental-health-moceh
#16
Eunjung Lee, Hyesook Kim, Hyejin Kim, Eun-Hee Ha, Namsoo Chang
BACKGROUND: Maternal fatty acids (FAs) intake has an effect on birth weight, birth length, and gestational age, as fetal development is entirely dependent on the maternal essential FA supply. This study aimed to identify the association between the maternal intake of FAs and birth outcomes among pregnant women who participated in the Mothers and Children's Environmental Health (MOCEH) prospective cohort study in South Korea. METHODS: A total of 1407 pregnant women, aged 30...
April 21, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674850/effect-of-dietary-oils-on-peripheral-neuropathy-related-endpoints-in-dietary-obese-rats
#17
Lawrence Coppey, Eric Davidson, Hanna Shevalye, Michael E Torres, Mark A Yorek
Purpose: This study aimed to determine the effect of dietary oils (olive, safflower, evening primrose, flaxseed, or menhaden) enriched in different mono unsaturated fatty acids or polyunsaturated fatty acids on peripheral neuropathies in diet-induced obese Sprague-Dawley rats. Materials and methods: Rats at 12 weeks of age were fed a high-fat diet (45% kcal) for 16 weeks. Afterward, the rats were fed diets with 50% of the kilocalories of fat derived from lard replaced by the different dietary oils...
2018: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674252/predicting-enrollment-in-two-randomized-controlled-trials-of-nonpharmacologic-interventions-for-youth-with-primary-mood-disorders
#18
Andrea S Young, Adina M Seidenfeld, K Zachary Healy, L Eugene Arnold, Mary A Fristad
BACKGROUND: As recruitment and retention are often challenging in randomized controlled trials (RCTs), this study sought to identify predictors of participation (i.e., trial enrollment). METHOD: These analyses identified predictors of enrollment among 119 youth, ages 7-14, with a primary mood disorder, who screened eligible for the Omega-3 and Therapy pilot studies; 95 (79.8%) actually participated in the treatment. RESULTS: Youth who received some form of travel assistance (16...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665872/maternal-intake-of-omega-3-and-omega-6-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-during-mid-pregnancy-is-inversely-associated-with-linear-growth
#19
M Al-Hinai, A Baylin, M M Tellez-Rojo, A Cantoral, A Ettinger, M Solano-González, K E Peterson, W Perng
This study investigates relations of maternal N-3 and N-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) intake during pregnancy with offspring body mass index (BMI), height z-score and metabolic risk (fasting glucose, C-peptide, leptin, lipid profile) during peripuberty (8-14 years) among 236 mother-child pairs in Mexico. We used food frequency questionnaire data to quantify trimester-specific intake of N-3 alpha-linolenic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA); N-6 linoleic acid and arachidonic acid (AA); and N-6:N-3 (AA:EPA+DHA), which accounts for the fact that the two PUFA families have opposing effects on physiology...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621729/maternal-dietary-intake-of-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-modifies-association-between-prenatal-ddt-exposure-and-child-neurodevelopment-a-cohort-study
#20
Rafael Ogaz-González, Ángel Mérida-Ortega, Luisa Torres-Sánchez, Lourdes Schnaas, César Hernández-Alcaraz, Mariano E Cebrián, Stephen J Rothenberg, Rosa María García-Hernández, Lizbeth López-Carrillo
BACKGROUND: Maternal 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethylene (DDE) serum levels during pregnancy have been negatively linked to child neurodevelopment in contrast to intake of omega-3 and -6 (ω-3 and ω-6) fatty acids. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether maternal dietary intake of ω-3 and ω-6 during pregnancy modifies the association between exposure to DDE and child neurodevelopment from age 42-60 months. METHODS: Prospective cohort study with 142 mother-child pairs performed in Mexico...
April 2, 2018: Environmental Pollution
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