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Omega 3 aging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056448/dietary-predictors-and-plasma-concentrations-of-perfluorinated-alkyl-acids-in-a-singapore-population
#1
Yu Liu, Jin Su, Rob M van Dam, Kiesha Prem, Joey Y S Hoong, Li Zou, Yonghai Lu, Choon Nam Ong
Perfluorinated alkyl acids (PFAAs), a family of man-made organofluorinated compounds, have drawn much attention due to their ubiquitous existence in the environment and their bioaccumulation potential. Here, we examined the plasma concentrations of thirteen PFAAs in a healthy population (N = 270) in Singapore, and investigated the association between major food groups and plasma PFAA concentrations. We detected eight types of PFAAs in more than 75% of all samples (N = 270), and their median concentrations ranged from 0...
December 26, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055065/effect-of-fish-oil-supplementation-and-aspirin-use-on-arteriovenous-fistula-failure-in-patients-requiring-hemodialysis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Ashley B Irish, Andrea K Viecelli, Carmel M Hawley, Lai-Seong Hooi, Elaine M Pascoe, Peta-Anne Paul-Brent, Sunil V Badve, Trevor A Mori, Alan Cass, Peter G Kerr, David Voss, Loke-Meng Ong, Kevan R Polkinghorne
Importance: Vascular access dysfunction is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients requiring hemodialysis. Arteriovenous fistulae are preferred over synthetic grafts and central venous catheters due to superior long-term outcomes and lower health care costs, but increasing their use is limited by early thrombosis and maturation failure. ω-3 Polyunsaturated fatty acids (fish oils) have pleiotropic effects on vascular biology and inflammation and aspirin impairs platelet aggregation, which may reduce access failure...
January 3, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048960/impact-of-environment-and-ontogeny-on-relative-fecundity-and-egg-quality-of-female-oysters-crassostrea-virginica-from-four-sites-in-northern-chesapeake-bay
#3
Hillary Lane Glandon, Adriane K Michaelis, Vincent A Politano, Stephanie T Alexander, Emily A Vlahovich, Kimberly S Reece, Heather N Koopman, Donald W Meritt, Kennedy T Paynter
Resource allocation to reproduction is a primary physiological concern for individuals, and can vary with age, environment, or a combination of both factors. In this study we quantified the impact of environment and individual age on the reproductive output of female oysters Crassostrea virginica. We determined the relative fecundity, egg total lipid content, and overall and omega-3/omega-6 (ω3/ω6) fatty acid signatures (FAS) of eggs spawned by female oysters over a 2-year period (n = 32 and n = 64). Variation was quantified spatially and ontogenetically by sampling young and old oyster populations from two rivers in Chesapeake Bay, totaling four collection sites...
December 2016: Biological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032469/association-between-omega-3-fatty-acids-consumption-and-the-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-a-meta-analysis-of-cohort-studies
#4
Cai Chen, Yan Yang, Xuefeng Yu, Shuhong Hu, Shiying Shao
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: Epidemiologic evidences for the effect of omega 3 fatty acids on the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) are controversial. A meta-analysis based on prospective cohorts was conducted to evaluate this issue. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pooled diabetic risk was calculated using fixed or random effects model. Dose-response relationship was assessed by meta-regression analysis. RESULTS: Our study revealed that consumption of single omega-3 was associated with an increased risk of T2D (Relative Risk, RR=1...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027634/dietary-optimisation-with-omega-3-and-omega-6-fatty-acids-for-12-23-month-old-overweight-and-obese-children-in-urban-jakarta
#5
Fitrianna Cahyaningrum, Inge Permadhi, Muhammad Ridwan Ansari, Erfi Prafiantini, Purnawati Hustina Rachman, Rina Agustina
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Diets with a specific omega-6/omega-3 fatty acid ratio have been reported to have favourable effects in controlling obesity in adults. However, development a local-based diet by considering the ratio of these fatty acids for improving the nutritional status of overweight and obese children is lacking. Therefore, using linear programming, we developed an affordable optimised diet focusing on the ratio of omega- 6/omega-3 fatty acid intake for obese children aged 12-23 months...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017488/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-in-the-school-age-child-with-autism
#6
Debdeep Nath
This case study examines some common complementary and alternative treatments used in the management of behavioral and gastrointestinal symptoms associated with autism including food selectivity, abdominal pain, nausea, gastroesophageal reflux, constipation, and diarrhea. The current literature on the safety and efficacy of these treatments for pediatric patients is reviewed. This study examines therapies including gluten-free and casein-free diet, probiotics, vitamin B12, omega-3 fatty acid supplementation, chelation therapy, acupuncture, and chiropractic manipulations used in treating these core symptoms of autism...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009068/development-and-validation-of-a-food-frequency-questionnaire-to-assess-omega-3-long-chain-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-intake-in-australian-children-aged-9-13-years
#7
S Rahmawaty, K Charlton, P Lyons-Wall, B J Meyer
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to develop a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) assessing dietary omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 LCPUFA) intake in Australian children and to validate the FFQ against a 7-day food diary. METHODS: The investigation comprised a cross-sectional and validation study. The study setting was two private primary schools in the in the Illawarra region of New South Wales. Twenty-two Australian children, aged 9-13 years, who were not on a special diet or receiving medical care that limited their food choice in the 3 months prior to recruitment, were recruited into the study...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003539/prenatal-docosahexaenoic-acid-supplementation-does-not-affect-nonfasting-serum-lipid-and-glucose-concentrations-of-offspring-at-4-y-of-age-in-a-follow-up-of-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-in-mexico
#8
Yareni Gutierrez-Gomez, Aryeh D Stein, Usha Ramakrishnan, Albino Barraza-Villarreal, Hortensia Moreno-Macias, Carlos Aguilar-Salinas, Isabelle Romieu, Juan A Rivera
BACKGROUND: Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) has regulatory effects on lipid and glucose metabolism. Differences in DHA availability during specific developmental windows may program metabolic changes. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effects of maternal DHA supplementation during pregnancy on the nonfasting serum lipid and glucose concentrations of offspring at 4 y of age. METHODS: We used data from the Prenatal Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation, Growth, and Development trial, a double-blind randomized controlled trial conducted in Mexico...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002035/the-effect-of-omega-3-supplement-on-serum-lipid-profile-in-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Mosadegh Jabbari, Termeh Khoshnevis, Aria Jenabi, Fatemeh Yousefi
BACKGROUND: Some recent suggestions could show omega-3 condition deficiency following prolonged hemodialysis; however, these claims and speculations have not been well demonstrated with sufficient evidences. Hence, we attempted to assess the beneficial effects of omega-3 on lipid profile in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing hemodialysis. METHODS: One hundred and seventeen ESRD patients who were on maintenance dialysis in Rasoul-e-Akram and Madaen Hospitals were enrolled in this randomized clinical trial...
December 1, 2016: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999851/omega-3-fatty-acids-and-vitamin-d-in-immobilisation-part-b-modulation-of-muscle-functional-vascular-and-activation-profiles
#10
E L Bostock, C I Morse, K Winwood, I M McEwan, G L Onambélé
OBJECTIVES: This study set out to determine whether two potential protein-sparing modulators (eicosapentaenoic acid and vitamin D) would modulate the anticipated muscle functional and related blood vessels function deleterious effects of immobilisation. DESIGN: The study used a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled design. SETTING: The study took part in a laboratory setting. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-four male and female healthy participants, aged 23...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999850/omega-3-fatty-acids-and-vitamin-d-in-immobilisation-part-a-modulation-of-appendicular-mass-content-composition-and-structure
#11
E L Bostock, C I Morse, K Winwood, I M McEwan, G L Onambélé
OBJECTIVES: Muscle size decreases in response to short-term limb immobilisation. This study set out to determine whether two potential protein-sparing modulators (eicosapentaenoic acid and vitamin D) would attenuate immobilisation-induced changes in muscle characteristics. DESIGN: The study used a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled design. SETTING: The study took part in a laboratory setting. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-four male and female healthy participants, aged 23...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996366/vitamin-e-supplementation-modulates-the-biological-effects-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-in-naturally-aged-rats
#12
Arunaksharan Narayanankutty, Anagha Kottekkat, Shaji E Mathew, Soorya P Illam, Indu M Suseela, Achuthan C Raghavamenon
Omega-3 fatty acids are well known class of nutraceuticals with established health benefits. Recently, the oxidation products of these fatty acids are gaining attention, as they are likely to disturb body redox balance. Therefore, the efficacy of omega-3 fats under conditions of diminished antioxidant status, such as ageing, is always a concern. Present study assessed the effects of omega-3 fats (DHA and EPA) together with or without vitamin-E in naturally aged rats. It was found that in omega-3 fats alone consumed rats the lipid profile was improved, while in omega-3 fat with vitamin-E consumed group (OMVE), the hepato protective and antioxidant properties were pronounced, especially the redox status of brain tissue...
December 20, 2016: Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995316/absolute-versus-relative-measures-of-plasma-fatty-acids-and-health-outcomes-example-of-phospholipid-omega-3-and-omega-6-fatty-acids-and-all-cause-mortality-in-women
#13
Kyoko Miura, Maria Celia B Hughes, Jacobus P J Ungerer, David D Smith, Adèle C Green
PURPOSE: In a well-characterised community-based prospective study, we aimed to systematically assess the differences in associations of plasma omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acid (FA) status with all-cause mortality when plasma FA status is expressed in absolute concentrations versus relative levels. METHODS: In a community sample of 564 women aged 25-75 years in Queensland, Australia, baseline plasma phospholipid FA levels were measured using gas chromatography. Specific FAs analysed were eicosapentaenoic acid, docosapentaenoic acid, docosahexaenoic acid, total long-chain omega-3 FAs, linoleic acid, arachidonic acid, and total omega-6 FAs...
December 19, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986122/vitamin-b12-deficiency-across-three-generations-adversely-influences-long-chain-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-status-and-cardiometabolic-markers-in-rats
#14
Amrita Khaire, Richa Rathod, Anvita Kale, Sadhana Joshi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Vitamin B12 and omega-3 fatty acid deficiency is prevalent in the vegetarian population and is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes and cardiometabolic risk. The present study investigates the long-term effects of vitamin B12 deficiency/supplementation in the presence of omega-3 fatty acids on cardiometabolic profile and long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid levels (LCPUFA) in the F3 generation offspring. METHODS: Three generations of rats were fed the following diets: control; vitamin B12 deficient; vitamin B12 supplemented; vitamin B12 deficient + omega-3 fatty acid supplemented; vitamin B12 + omega-3 fatty acid supplemented...
August 2016: Archives of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973561/cross-classification-of-human-urinary-lipidome-by-sex-age-and-body-mass-index
#15
Kazuo Okemoto, Keiko Maekawa, Yoko Tajima, Masahiro Tohkin, Yoshiro Saito
Technological advancements in past decades have led to the development of integrative analytical approaches to lipidomics, such as liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC/MS), and information about biogenic lipids is rapidly accumulating. Although several cohort-based studies have been conducted on the composition of urinary lipidome, the data on urinary lipids cross-classified by sex, age, and body mass index (BMI) are insufficient to screen for various abnormalities. To promote the development of urinary lipid metabolome-based diagnostic assay, we analyzed 60 urine samples from healthy white adults (young (c...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965570/combining-exergame-training-with-omega-3-fatty-acid-supplementation-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-study-assessing-the-effect-on-neuronal-structure-function-in-the-elderly-brain
#16
Alexandra Schättin, Eling D de Bruin
A common problem in the older population is the risk of falling and related injury, immobility, and reduced survival. Age-related neuronal changes, e.g., decline in gray-and white-matter, affect neuronal, cognitive, and motor functioning. The improvement of these factors might decrease fall events in elderly. Studies showed that administration of video game-based physical exercise, a so-called exergame, or omega-3 fatty acid (FA) may improve motor and/or cognitive functioning through neuronal changes in the brain of older adults...
2016: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935443/acceptability-and-tolerability-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-as-adjunctive-treatment-for-children-and-adolescents-with-eating-disorders
#17
Julia Woo, Jennifer Couturier, Bharadwaj Pindiprolu, Lindsay Picard, Charlotte Maertens, Anick Leclerc, Sheri Findlay, Natasha Johnson, Christina Grant, Melissa Kimber
The objective of this study was to examine the acceptability and tolerability of omega-3 fatty acids as an adjunctive treatment for children and adolescents with eating disorders (EDs). Children and adolescents with EDs received omega-3 supplements (300 mg eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA] and 200 mg docosahexaenoic acid [DHA]/day) in addition to standard treatment for 8 weeks. Primary outcomes were dropout rate, compliance, and side effects. Secondary outcomes included percent ideal body weight, Eating Disorders Inventory-3 (EDI-3), Children's Depression Inventory-2 (CDI-2), and Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children (MASC)...
December 9, 2016: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928217/effects-of-a-high-protein-and-omega-3-enriched-diet-with-or-without-creatine-supplementation-on-markers-of-soreness-and-inflammation-during-5-consecutive-days-of-high-volume-resistance-exercise-in-females
#18
Sara Hayward, Colin D Wilborn, Lem W Taylor, Stacie L Urbina, Jordan J Outlaw, Cliffa A Foster, Michael D Roberts
We examined if two different dietary interventions affected markers of soreness and inflammation over a 5-day high-volume resistance training protocol in females that resistance-trained 8 weeks prior. Twenty-eight females (age: 20 ± 1 yr; body mass: 63.5 ± 1.6 kg, height: 1.67 ± 0.01 m) completed 4 weeks of pre-training (weeks 1-4) followed by a subsequent 4-week training period along with a dietary intervention (weeks 5-8). Dietary interventions from weeks 5-8 included: a) no intervention (CTL, n = 10) b) a higher-protein diet supplemented with hydrolyzed whey protein (50 g/d) and omega-3 fatty acids (900 mg/d) (DI, n = 8), and c) the DI condition as well as creatine monohydrate (5 g/d) (DI+C, n = 10)...
December 2016: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894336/curcumin-and-long-chain-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-for-prevention-of-type-2-diabetes-cop-d-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Rohith N Thota, Shamasunder H Acharya, Kylie A Abbott, Manohar L Garg
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle interventions, including increase in physical activity and dietary counselling, have shown the ability to prevent type 2 diabetes (T2D) in high-risk state individuals, but the prevalence is still skyrocketing in Australia, in line with global prevalence. Currently, no medicines are approved by the Therapeutic Goods Administration in Australia for the management of prediabetes. Therefore, there is a need of developing a safer, biologically efficacious and cost-effective alternative for delaying the transition of individual health state from prediabetes into T2D...
November 29, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889806/a-comparative-assessment-of-arsenic-risks-and-the-nutritional-benefits-of-fish-consumption-in-kuwait-arsenic-versus-omega-3-fatty-acids
#20
Adnan Husain, Kurunthachalam Kannan, Hing Man Chan, Brian Laird, Hanan Al-Amiri, Basma Dashti, Anwar Sultan, Amani Al-Othman, Bedraya Mandekar
Inorganic and organic forms of arsenic (As), as well as omega-3 fatty acids were measured in 578 fish/seafood samples that belong to 15 species of commonly consumed seafood in Kuwait. Arsenic speciation data, with the toxicological profile of inorganic arsenic (iAs) and fish consumption rates were applied in a probabilistic risk assessment to estimate the risk from exposure to iAs. The nutritional benefits of omega-3-fatty acid levels in various species of fish were taken into consideration. Results showed that the mean daily intake of iAs through fish consumption among the Kuwaiti population was 0...
November 26, 2016: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
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