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Bipolar review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818612/epidemiological-and-clinical-variables-related-with-the-predominant-polarity-on-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review
#1
Jesús García-Jiménez, Marisol Álvarez-Fernández, Lidia Aguado-Bailón, Luis Gutiérrez-Rojas
INTRODUCTION: Current classification of bipolar disorder (BD) in type i or type ii, however useful, may be insufficient to provide relevant clinical information in some patients. As a result, complementary classifications are being proposed, like the predominant polarity (PP) based, which is defined as a clear tendency in the patient to present relapses in the manic or depressive poles. METHODS: We carried out a search in PubMed and Web of Science databases, following the Preferred Items for Reporting of Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses -PRISMA- guidelines, to identify studies about BD reporting PP...
August 14, 2017: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815173/mouse-models-and-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-in-researching-psychiatric-disorders
#2
REVIEW
Bowei Deng
Psychiatric disorders are a problem for society both on a micro level involving patients and their families as well as on a macro level involving global economic costs. For years, scientists have relied on mouse models for research, but these have shortcomings that greatly hinder efforts to understand the pathophysiology and genetic factors of psychiatric disorders. Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) have shown potential to overcome obstacles that mouse models face and can provide patient-specific cells that allow for better understanding of genetic effects on psychiatric disorders...
2017: Stem Cell Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812143/serotonin-in-psychiatry-in-vitro-disease-modeling-using-patient-derived-neurons
#3
REVIEW
Krishna C Vadodaria, Shani Stern, Maria C Marchetto, Fred H Gage
Several lines of evidence implicate serotonin in the etiology of multiple psychiatric disorders, especially mood disorders, such as major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder (BD). Much of our current understanding of biological mechanisms underlying serotonergic alterations in mood disorders comes from animal studies. Innovation in induced pluripotent stem cell and transdifferentiation technologies for deriving neurons from adult humans has enabled the study of disease-relevant cellular phenotypes in vitro...
August 15, 2017: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807250/a-systematic-review-on-radiofrequency-assisted-laparoscopic-liver-resection-challenges-and-window-to-excel
#4
REVIEW
Isabella Reccia, Jayant Kumar, Tomokazu Kusano, Artur Zanellato, Ahmed Draz, Duncan Spalding, Nagy Habib, Madhava Pai
Laparoscopic liver resection has progressively gained acceptance as a safe and effective procedure in the treatment of benign and malignant liver neoplasms. However, blood loss remains the major challenge in liver surgery. Several techniques and devices have been introduced in liver surgery in order to minimize intraoperative haemorrhage during parenchymal transection. Radiofrequency (RF)-assisted liver resection has been shown to be an effective method to minimize bleeding in open and laparoscopic liver resection...
September 2017: Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805697/multiple-sclerosis-and-schizophrenia
#5
REVIEW
Borros M Arneth
The psychiatric and neurological aspects of health may present methodological challenges in the diagnosis and treatment of disease. This is especially true for patients whose symptoms indicate the coexistence of multiple sclerosis (MS) and schizophrenia (SCZ). These cases raise critical questions regarding the relationship between the mind and the brain. Studies have noted that patients with MS have an increased risk of developing SCZ or bipolar disorder (BD). It is suggested here that MS and a subgroup of SCZ have similar etiologies...
August 12, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804990/characterizing-the-experience-of-auditory-verbal-hallucinations-and-accompanying-delusions-in-individuals-with-a-diagnosis-of-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
L M Smith, L C Johns, Rlc Mitchell
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study was to inform ongoing attempts to identify clinically meaningful subcategories of auditory verbal hallucination (AVH), and to evaluate evidence that might pertain to the suitability of current psychological interventions for people with bipolar disorder (BD) who experience psychotic symptoms. METHODS: A comprehensive synthesis of findings on the phenomenology of AVH and delusions in BD is included, alongside a critical review of clinical and cognitive correlates...
August 14, 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797919/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-using-a-bipolar-sealer-to-prevent-blood-loss-in-spine-surgery-a-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Di Lu, Wei-Guo Ding, Hong-Feng Sheng, Xin-Wei Xu, Ying-Xiao Zhang, Weixing Xu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and non-RCTs was to evaluate the effect of using a bipolar sealer to prevent surgical bleeding in spine surgery. METHODS: In June 2017, the PubMed, Embase, Cochrane controlled trials register, Web of Science, Google, and Chinese Wanfang databases were used to identify RCTs and non-RCTs comparing the effects of intraoperative placement of a bipolar sealer versus standard electrocautery with regard to blood loss and blood transfusion...
August 7, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797874/factors-affecting-articular-cartilage-repair-after-open-wedge-high-tibial-osteotomy
#8
Chang-Wan Kim, Seung-Suk Seo, Chang-Rack Lee, Heui-Chul Gwak, Jung-Han Kim, Sun-Gyu Jung
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the factors that affect articular cartilage repair after open-wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO) and the relationship between regeneration of articular cartilage repair and clinical outcomes. METHODS: Among the cases of OWHTO that were performed from March 2005 to February 2012, the patients who followed up for >2years and received a second-look arthroscopy were retrospectively reviewed. For clinical evaluation, the Knee Society scores and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index score were measured...
August 8, 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796389/menopause-and-illness-course-in-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review
#9
Tania Perich, Jane Ussher, Tanya Meade
OBJECTIVES: Menopause may be a time of increased mood symptoms for some women. This systematic review aimed to examine the severity of symptoms and prevalence of mood changes in women with bipolar disorder during peri-menopause and post-menopause. METHODS: A systematic review was undertaken in accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. The two primary outcomes assessed were relapse rates and symptom severity during menopause...
August 10, 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794966/synthetic-cannabinoid-induced-acute-respiratory-depression-case-series-and-literature-review
#10
Mark Henry Alon, Margaret Olibrice Saint-Fleur
Synthetic Cannabinoids are a street drug that is widely attainable and cheap compared to natural cannabis, and has variable potency and unpredictable effects with no commercially available diagnostic test to confirm its presence. Similar to natural cannabis, Synthetic Cannabinoid intoxication can present in several ways with the most common emergency room presentations to be of neurologic and psychiatric manifestation. The respiratory depressive effect of Synthetic Cannabinoids has not been well documented in medical literature...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792172/concept-and-identification-of-soft-bipolarity-in-patients-presenting-with-depression-need-for-careful-screening-by-physicians
#11
Pooja Patnaik Kuppili, Priyanka Yadav, Raman Deep Pattanayak
The bipolar spectrum is a broader concept, which questions the strict dichotomous categorical division of erstwhile manic-depressive illness into two discrete categories viz. bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder, thereby overlooking a wide 'spectrum' of patients which lie 'in between' the two extremes. The presence of underlying bipolar 'spectrum' or 'soft bipolarity' often goes undetected in patients presenting with major depression. This sub-group of patients may not stabilize with indiscriminate use of anti-depressant drugs, and without proper management, it may be associated with continued non-responsive symptoms, increased suicidality and poorer prognosis...
July 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790825/rapid-infusion-of-esketamine-for-unipolar-and-bipolar-depression-a-retrospective-chart-review
#12
Fernanda S Correia-Melo, Felipe C Argolo, Lucas Araújo-de-Freitas, Gustavo Carneiro Leal, Flávio Kapczinski, Acioly Luiz Lacerda, Lucas C Quarantini
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated efficacy and safety of intravenous subanesthetic doses of esketamine using an administration time of 10 minutes in patients with treatment-resistant depression and bipolar depression. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted to identify patients who met the inclusion criteria for treatment-resistant depression and bipolar depression according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision criteria, and these patients received rapid infusion of esketamine between June 2012 and December 2015...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790543/haemorrhage-rates-after-two-commonly-used-tonsillectomy-methods-a-multicenter-study
#13
Faris Brkic, Majda Mujic, Sekib Umihanic, Nermin Hrncic, Amna Goga, Ermin Goretic
INTRODUCTION: Tonsillectomy is a frequently used, low-risk surgical procedure. The post-tonsillectomy haemorrhage occurs rarely, but is a life-threatening complication. Some studies show that the surgical technique affects the haemorrhage rate. AIMS: To analyse the post-tonsillectomy haemorrhage rate, and to determine whether the effect of the surgical technique on the haemorrhage rate exists. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data of all patients who underwent a tonsillectomy in three regional ENT departments in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Tuzla, Zenica and Bihac) between January 1(st) 2015 and October 31(st) 2016...
April 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783934/predictors-of-a-shorter-time-to-hospitalization-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-medication-during-the-acute-and-maintenance-phases-and-other-clinical-factors
#14
In Hee Shim, Young Sup Woo, Hee-Ryung Wang, Won-Myong Bahk
Objective: The present study was conducted to compare the effects of pharmacological treatments during the acute and maintenance phases of mood episodes, sociodemographic, and clinical characteristics between a shorter time to hospitalization group (<12 months) and a longer time to hospitalization group (≥12 months). Methods: The discharge medication for the first hospitalization was considered the acute treatment and the medication used during the week prior to the second hospitalization at the outpatient clinic was considered the maintenance treatment...
August 31, 2017: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776822/ripple-mapping-initial-multicenter-experience-of-an-intuitive-approach-to-overcoming-the-limitations-of-3d-activation-mapping
#15
Vishal Luther, Nuno Cortez-Dias, Luis Carpinteiro, João de Sousa, Richard Navaratnum Balasubramaniam, Sharad C Agarwal, David Farwell, Solomon Mark Sopher, Girish Babu, Richard Till, Nikki Jones, Stuart Tan, Anthony Chow, Martin Lowe, Jem Lane, Naveen Pappachan, Nick Wf Linton, Prapa Kanagaratnam
BACKGROUND: Ripple Mapping (RM) displays electrograms as moving bars over a 3D surface displaying bipolar voltage, and has shown in a single-center series to be effective for atrial tachycardia (AT) mapping without annotation of local activation time or window-of-interest assignment. We tested the reproducibility of these findings in operators naive to RM, using it for the first time in post ablation AT. METHODS: Maps were collected with multielectrode catheters and CARTO ConfiDENSE...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766035/valuable-biochemical-production-in-mixed-culture-fermentation-fundamentals-and-process-coupling
#16
REVIEW
Kun Dai, Jun-Li Wen, Fang Zhang, Raymond J Zeng
The mixed culture fermentation is an important environmental biotechnology that converts biodegradable organic wastes to valuable chemicals such as hydrogen, methane, acetate, ethanol, propionate, and so on. For the multistep process of hydrolysis, acidogenesis, acetogenesis/homoacetogensis, and methanogenesis, the typical metabolic reactions are firstly summarized. And then, since the final metabolites are always a mixture, the separation and purification processes are necessary to couple with anaerobic fermentation...
August 2, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764912/c-reactive-protein-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-bipolar-disorder-patients-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Victoria S Marshe, Shamira Pira, Outi Mantere, Bert Bosche, Karl J Looper, Nathan Herrmann, Daniel J Müller, Soham Rej
OBJECTIVES: New research is revealing a strong association between inflammatory markers with bipolar disorder (BD), potentially due to the high prevalence of cardiovascular disease and cardiovascular risk factors in BD. We aimed to synthesize the literature examining the association between the clinically most relevant inflammatory marker, C-reactive protein (CRP) and cardiovascular disease and cardiovascular risk factors in patients with BD. METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase and PsychInfo were systematically searched for all relevant English language articles published prior to April 2017...
July 29, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763871/-the-function-of-aurora-a-and-its-role-in-the-development-of-liver-cancer
#18
M Li, Z G Ren
Aurora A plays a key role in cellular mitosis. It is located in the centrosome and spindle, and is mainly involved in the processes of centrosome maturation and separation, bipolar spindle assembly, and the regulation of mitotic progression. Recent studies have suggested that Aurora A is involved in tumorigenesis and tumor development through multiple mechanisms. Overexpression of Aurora A could cause abnormal centrosome amplification, aneuploidy formation, and G2/M checkpoint defects, which result in chromosome instability and imbalance between cell division and apoptosis, and eventually leads to abnormal cell proliferation...
June 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759479/bipolar-disorder-and-early-emotional-trauma-a-critical-literature-review-on-indicators-of-prevalence-rates-and-clinical-outcomes
#19
Aline Limiéri Dualibe, Flávia L Osório
OBJECTIVES: We performed a systematic literature review to (1) evaluate the prevalence rates of early emotional trauma (EET) in patients with bipolar disorder (BD) and the impact of these traumas on the development of the disorder, and (2) integrate the findings of our review with those previously reported by Fisher and Hosang, Daruy-Filho and colleagues, and Maniglio. METHODS: The literature search was performed on PubMed, SciELO, and PsycINFO databases using the keywords bipolar disorder, early trauma, physical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse, maltreatment, adversity, and neglect...
July 29, 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758582/potential-novel-treatments-for-bipolar-depression-ketamine-fatty-acids-anti-inflammatory-agents-and-probiotics
#20
G H Vázquez, S Camino, L Tondo, Ross J Baldessarini
BACKGROUND: Treatments for depression in bipolar disorder (BD) are far less well developed than for unipolar major depressive disorder. Several innovative and experimental approaches have been emerging recently, including use of the dissociative anesthetic ketamine and other antagonists of central NMDA glutamate receptors, as well as unsaturated fatty acids, anti-inflammatory agents, and possibly probiotic methods. METHODS: We reviewed relevant reports from the past decade...
July 28, 2017: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
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