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Cervical insufficiency

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768375/total-spondylectomy-of-recurrent-giant-cell-tumors-in-the-cervical-spine-two-case-reports-and-review-of-literature
#1
Ji Tu, Wentian Li, Shenglei Shu, Yukun Zhang, Wenbin Hua, Shuai Li, Shuhua Yang, Cao Yang
RATIONALE: Spinal Giant Cell Tumors (SGCTs) are rare, aggressive, and benign tumors. Their presence in the cervical spine is even more exceptional. There are few reports of cervical GCT in the literature, especially recurrent cases. The treatment are challenging to clinically because radical resection is extremely difficult. PATIENT CONCERNS: In this study, we present the cases of a 25-year-old man and a 41-year-old woman who suffered from recurrent cervical GCT...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751126/radiological-follow-up-after-implanting-cervical-disc-prosthesis-in-anterior-discectomy-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Xiaoyu Yang, Tessa Janssen, Mark P Arts, Wilco C Peul, Carmen L A Vleggeert-Lankamp
Objective The objective of this study was to review current literature on comparison of radiological outcome of cervical arthroplasty with fusion after anterior discectomy for radiculopathy. Methods A literature search was performed in PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, COCHRANE, CENTRAL and CINAHL using a sensitive search string combination. Studies were selected by predefined selection criteria (a.o. patients exclusively suffering from cervical radiculopathy) and risk of bias was assessed using a validated Cochrane Checklist adjusted for this purpose...
May 8, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727786/the-association-between-cervical-inflammation-and-histologic-evidence-of-hpv-in-pap-smears-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcome-in-low-risk-population
#3
Maya Nimrodi, Vered Kleitman, Tamar Wainstock, Ofer Gemer, Michai Meirovitz, Eli Maymon, Neta Benshalom-Tirosh, Offer Erez
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies suggest an association between Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection, cervical inflammation and obstetric complications (i.e. spontaneous preterm parturition and cervical insufficiency). It has been proposed that viral inflammation of the placenta causes changes in the mother's immune reaction to bacterial pathogens, which leads to enhanced inflammatory reaction and preterm delivery. Therefore, the aim of this population-based study was to determine the association between abnormal cervical cytology prior to pregnancy and obstetric outcomes...
April 20, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706033/breast-and-reproductive-cancers-in-the-transgender-population-a-systematic-review
#4
Rachel Joint, Zhong Eric Chen, Sharon Cameron
BACKGROUND: The medical transition undergone by a transgender person may influence their risk of breast or reproductive cancer. OBJECTIVES: To assess breast and reproductive cancer prevalence in the transgender population. To elucidate any associations between gender-affirming hormones and risk of these cancers. SEARCH STRATEGY: Following registration of review protocol with PROSPERO, five databases were searched. SELECTION CRITERIA: Included studies investigated breast, ovarian, uterine, cervical, vaginal, neovaginal, testicular and prostate cancer in the transgender population...
April 28, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704686/a-novel-nkx3-2-mutation-associated-with-perinatal-lethal-phenotype-of-spondylo-megaepiphyseal-metaphyseal-dysplasia-in-a-neonate
#5
Pelin Ozlem Simsek-Kiper, Can Kosukcu, Ozlem Akgun-Dogan, Rahsan Gocmen, Gulen Eda Utine, Tutku Soyer, Ayse Korkmaz-Toygar, Gen Nishimura, Mehmet Alikasifoglu, Koray Boduroglu
Spondylo-megaepiphyseal-metaphyseal dysplasia (SMMD) is an autosomal recessive skeletal dysplasia, characterized by disproportionate short stature with a short and stiff neck and trunk. SMMD is caused by inactivating mutations in NKX3-2, which encodes a homeobox-containing protein. Because of the rarity of the disorder, the diagnostic feature has not been fully established yet. We describe an affected newborn with dysmorphic facial features and severe short trunk. The patient required immediate intubation at the delivery room and duodenal atresia was detected during his course in neonatal intensive care unit...
April 25, 2018: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699371/knowledge-perception-and-acceptance-of-hpv-vaccination-and-screening-for-cervical-cancer-among-women-in-yogyakarta-province-indonesia
#6
Dwi Endarti, Satibi Satibi, Susi Ari Kristina, Muhaya Almira Farida, Yuni Rahmawanti, Tika Andriani
Objective: To determine knowledge, perception, and acceptance related to cervical cancer, HPV vaccination and screening for cervical cancer among Indonesian women, particularly in Yogyakarta province. Methods: A convenience sample of 392 women consists of 192 young women, 100 mothers of girls aged 12 – 15 years, and 100 adult women in Yogyakarta province, Indonesia was participated in this study. A self-administered paper-based questionnaire was used to determine demographics characteristics of respondents, as well as their knowledge – perception – acceptance related to cervical cancer, HPV vaccination, and screening for cervical cancer...
April 27, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668564/a-systematic-review-of-the-utility-of-the-hoffmann-sign-for-the-diagnosis-of-degenerative-cervical-myelopathy
#7
Alexandra Fogarty, Eric Lenza, Gaurav Gupta, Peter Jarzem, Kaberi Dasgupta, Mohan Radhakrishna
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review OBJECTIVE.: To determine the validity of the Hoffmann sign for the detection of degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM) for patients presenting with cervical complaints. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: While physical exam maneuvers are often used to diagnose DCM, no previous review has synthesized diagnostic accuracy data. METHODS: Medline, Embase and HealthStar were searched for articles from 1 January 1947 to 1 March 2017 using the following terms: Spinal Cord Diseases, Spinal Cord Compression, Cervical Vertebrae, Signs and Symptoms, Physical Examination, Epidemiologic studies, Epidemiologic Research Design, Predictive Value of Tests and Myelopathy...
April 17, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664764/epstein-barr-virus-high-risk-human-papillomavirus-and-abnormal-cervical-cytology-in-a-prospective-cohort-of-african-female-sex-workers
#8
Jennifer E Cameron, Anne F Rositch, Nadja A Vielot, Nelly R Mugo, Jessie K L Kwatampora, Wairimu Waweru, Aubrey E Gilliland, Michael E Hagensee, Jennifer S Smith
BACKGROUND: High oncogenic-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) is necessary, although insufficient, to promote cervical cancer. Like HPV, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a common pathogen with the capacity to promote epithelial neoplasms. We examined the association between cervical EBV, hrHPV, and cytology in female sex workers in Nairobi, Kenya. METHODS: Women (n=332) with known cervical cytology and hrHPV mRNA results were evaluated for cervical EBV DNA by conventional PCR...
April 17, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663830/is-there-a-role-for-postoperative-physiotherapy-in-degenerative-cervical-myelopathy-a-systematic-review
#9
Abdul Badran, Benjamin M Davies, Heidi-Marie Bailey, Sukhvinder Kalsi-Ryan, Mark Rn Kotter
OBJECTIVE: To review peer-reviewed literature relating to postoperative physiotherapy for degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM), to determine efficacy in improving clinical outcome and recovery. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL, PEDro, ISRCTN registry, WHO ICTRP and Clinicaltrials.gov . References and citations of relevant articles were searched. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines (PROSPERO CRD42016039511) from the origins of the databases till 15 February 2018...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656629/differences-in-cervical-sagittal-alignment-changes-in-patients-undergoing-laminoplasty-and-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion
#10
Su Hun Lee, Dong Wuk Son, Jun Seok Lee, Dong Ha Kim, Soon Ki Sung, Sang Weon Lee, Geun Sung Song
OBJECTIVE: Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) and laminoplasty (LP) are the most commonly performed procedures for degenerative cervical spondylosis. Cervical sagittal alignment (CSA) has recently been studied as an important predictor of clinical and radiological outcomes. The data from previous studies are insufficient for analysis using the recently designed CSA parameters, T1 slope (T1s), and T1s minus cervical angle (T1sCA). METHODS: We retrospectively collected data from patients who underwent ACDF and LP from January 2013 to May 2016...
March 2018: Neurospine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653187/mid-cervical-spinal-cord-contusion-causes-robust-deficits-in-respiratory-parameters-and-pattern-variability
#11
Philippa M Warren, Cara Campanaro, Frank J Jacono, Warren J Alilain
Mid-cervical spinal cord contusion disrupts both the pathways and motoneurons vital to the activity of inspiratory muscles. The present study was designed to determine if a rat contusion model could result in a measurable deficit to both ventilatory and respiratory motor function under "normal" breathing conditions at acute to chronic stages post trauma. Through whole body plethysmography and electromyography we assessed respiratory output from three days to twelve weeks after a cervical level 3 (C3) contusion...
April 10, 2018: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627847/pregnancy-outcomes-and-superiorities-of-prophylactic-cervical-cerclage-and-therapeutic-cervical-cerclage-in-cervical-insufficiency-pregnant-women
#12
Yanyan Liu, Zikan Ke, Wanmin Liao, Hanping Chen, Shiqing Wei, Xiaoquan Lai, Xi Chen
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical effect of prophylactic cervical cerclage and therapeutic cervical cerclage on pregnancy outcome and operative factors in cervical insufficiency pregnant women. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted between June 2014 and September 2016 in a maternity ward, which included women who have had a single pregnancy and have been carried out a McDonald cerclage. All maternal medical records were reviewed. The efficacy of cerclage for preventing late foetal loss was assessed using multivariable logistic regression analysis...
April 7, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608425/deregulated-tnf-alpha-levels-along-with-hpv-genotype-16-infection-are-associated-with-pathogenesis-of-cervical-neoplasia-in-northeast-indian-patients
#13
Chandana Ray Das, Diptika Tiwari, Anita Dongre, Mohammad Aasif Khan, Syed Akhtar Husain, Anirudha Sarma, Sujoy Bose, Purabi Deka Bose
Multiple factors are associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection related cervical anomalies and its progression to cervical carcinoma (CaCx), but data vary with respect to the underlying HPV genotype and with population being studied. No data are available regarding the role of immunological imbalance in HPV infected CaCx pathogenesis from Northeast India, which has an ethnically distinct population, and was aimed to be addressed through this study. The study included 76 CaCx cases, 25 cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) cases, and 50 healthy female controls...
April 2, 2018: Viral Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29583084/the-effect-of-cervical-smears-performed-by-general-practitioners-on-the-cervical-cancer-screening-rate-of-their-female-patients-a-claim-database-analysis-and-cross-sectional-survey
#14
Jonathan Favre, Michaël Rochoy, Thibaut Raginel, Marine Pelletier, Nassir Messaadi, Valérie Deken-Delannoy, Alain Duhamel, Christophe Berkhout
PURPOSE: Cervical cancer screening reduces the incidence and specific mortality rate of cervical neoplasms. In most cases screening by means of Pap smears is performed in France by gynecologists. The primary objective of this study was to confirm whether the participation rate is increased when general practitioners (GPs) carry out the smears themselves. The secondary objective was to evaluate other independent characteristics of GPs predicting participation rates in women. METHODS: The population of 347 GPs, including their relevant characteristics and their 90,094 female patients eligible for screening over 2 years (2013-2014), was derived from the SIAM claim database of the Flanders Healthcare Insurance Fund (CPAM)...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573249/the-risk-of-spontaneous-preterm-birth-according-to-maternal-pre-pregnancy-body-mass-index-in-twin-gestations
#15
Su Jin Sung, Seung Mi Lee, Sunmin Kim, Byoung Jae Kim, Chan Wook Park, Joong Shin Park, Jong Kwan Jun
BACKGROUND: Maternal obesity is a well-known risk factor for both total preterm birth (PTB) and spontaneous PTB in singleton gestation, whereas this association is not well determined in multiple pregnancy. The objective of this study was to determine the risk of spontaneous PTB according to the pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) in twin gestations. METHODS: The association between the risk of PTB and pre-pregnancy BMI was determined in women pregnant with twins between 2004 and 2014...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573230/a-case-of-endocervical-minimal-deviation-adenocarcinoma-with-varicolored-cytopathologic-features-on-pap-smear
#16
Makiko Omori, Tetsuo Kondo, Kumiko Nakazawa, Satoshi Shinohara, Yumika Watanabe, Hiroko Fukasawa, Tadao Nakazawa, Akihiko Hashi, Shuji Hirata
We report a case of minimal deviation adenocarcinoma (MDA) of the uterine cervix showing varicolored cytopathologic features on Papanicolaou (Pap) smear, which may indicate features suggestive of lobular endocervical glandular hyperplasia (LEGH)-adenocarcinoma sequence. A 57-year-old woman presented with a profuse amount of watery vaginal discharge. Gynecological examination revealed a cervical mass with involvement of the right parametrium. Conventional Pap smear showed hypercellularity consisting of approximately 4 types of clusters as follows: (1) clusters showing a monolayered honeycomb sheet of endocervical cells with golden-yellow mucin and bland nuclei, (2) three-dimensional clusters showing varicolored mucin and irregular nuclear overlapping, (3) irregularly shaped clusters showing distorted chicken-wire-mesh appearance with noticeable protrusions of the nuclei and clear or faint varicolored cytoplasm, and (4) crowded clusters showing scarce mucin and nuclear atypia...
March 23, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570022/do-nanofilled-nanohybrid-composites-allow-for-better-clinical-performance-of-direct-restorations-than-traditional-microhybrid-composites-a-systematic-review
#17
D Angerame, M De Biasi
This systematic review was carried out to assess the clinical effectiveness of nanofilled and nanohybrid composites used for direct restorations in comparison with microhybrid composites. The guidelines for the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses were followed. A search of articles published from July 1996 to February 2017 was performed in PubMed, SciVerse Scopus, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences, the Scientific Electronic Library Online, and the Cochrane Library. The present review selected only randomized controlled trials comparing the clinical performance of a nanofilled or nanohybrid composite for direct restorations with that of a microhybrid composite...
March 23, 2018: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549202/can-virtual-autopsy-with-postmortem-ct-improve-clinical-diagnosis-of-cause-of-death-a-retrospective-observational-cohort-study-in-a-dutch-tertiary-referral-centre
#18
Lianne J P Sonnemans, Bela Kubat, Mathias Prokop, Willemijn M Klein
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether virtual autopsy with postmortem CT (PMCT) improves clinical diagnosis of the immediate cause of death. DESIGN: Retrospective observational cohort study. INCLUSION CRITERIA: inhospital and out-of-hospital deaths over the age of 1 year in whom virtual autopsy with PMCT and conventional autopsy were performed. EXCLUSION CRITERIA: forensic cases, postmortal organ donors and cases with incomplete scanning procedures...
March 16, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548730/prevalence-of-trichomonas-vaginalis-and-human-papillomavirus-in-female-sex-workers-in-central-veracruz-mexico
#19
Azucena Muñoz-Ramírez, Aracely López-Monteon, Angel Ramos-Ligonio, Enrique Méndez-Bolaina, Mario R B Guapillo-Vargas
Female sex workers (FSWs) have been considered a key population for sexually transmitted infections (STIs); therefore, they are periodically screened as a requirement to obtain a work card. However, there is insufficient epidemiological data on STIs among FSWs in Mexico. The detection of Trichomonas vaginalis is limited to microscopic studies and the molecular screening of Human papillomavirus (HPV) is only done to women 35 years of age and older. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of T...
March 13, 2018: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542241/three-dimensional-ultrasound-imaging-of-intra-abdominal-cervical-isthmus-cerclage
#20
K Ichizuka, K Seo, S Dohi, T Ishikawa, A Sekizawa, M Nagatsuka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
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