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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530252/new-trends-in-rehabilitation-of-children-with-ent-disorders
#1
R Bovo, P Trevisi, E Zanoletti, D Cazzador, T Volo, E Emanuelli, A Martini
In the last 20 years, neonatal survival has progressively increased due to the constant amelioration of neonatal medical treatment and surgical techniques. Thus, the number of children with congenital malformations and severe chronic pathologies who need rehabilitative care has progressively increased. Rehabilitation programs for paediatric patients with disorders of voice, speech and language, communication and hearing, deglutition and breathing are not widely available in hospital settings or in long-term care facilities...
May 22, 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522892/enhancing-communication-in-adults-with-dementia-and-age-related-hearing-loss
#2
REVIEW
Sara K Mamo, Esther Oh, Frank R Lin
For many adults with dementia, age-related hearing loss is undiagnosed and/or untreated. Untreated hearing loss can exacerbate common dementia-related behavioral symptoms, such as depression, apathy, agitation. Despite the potential benefits to the individual and the family, pursuing and adopting hearing aids for persons with dementia presents with many challenges. As such, this group of vulnerable older adults is well suited for alternative approaches that adopt an interventional audiology framework. This article reviews alternative hearing care models that we have tested when working with older adults with cognitive impairments...
May 2017: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522891/the-role-of-audiology-in-an-outpatient-interdisciplinary-post-trauma-clinic
#3
REVIEW
Lori Zitelli, Catherine V Palmer
Patients in the process of recovering from severe bodily injury will encounter several barriers to effective treatment. When present, untreated hearing loss can create additional obstacles in a process that is already difficult. This article describes an outpatient post-trauma clinic associated with a tertiary care hospital trauma unit that consolidates rehabilitation resources 2 weeks after inpatient discharge to help these patients on their path to recovery. The role of audiology in the interdisciplinary clinic is described and data related to services are presented...
May 2017: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514357/-the-results-of-universal-audiological-screening-of-newborn-infants-in-the-astrakhan-region
#4
N A Daykhes, E A Grigor'eva, Yu V Nazarochkin, V M Davydov, A O Kuznetsov
We have evaluated the results of universal audiological screening of 93 352 newborn infants performed in the Astrakhan region of the Russian Federation during the period from 2009 till 2015. The screening coverage amounted to 95%. The prevalence of hearing disorders was estimated at 1:1111 and that of their severe forms at 1:3000. The clinical significance of the examination during its first stage consists of the exclusion of evoked otoacoustic emission. After the completion of the second stage, it is necessary to carry out the regular medical follow up observation of the children suffering from hearing impairment and to undertake the early rehabilitative treatment based on the application of hearing aids and prosthetic devices...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507967/surgery-of-a-rare-case-of-multiple-synovial-osteochondromatosis-of-the-hip-joint
#5
Yi Min Zhang, Xiaoguang Liu
INTRODUCTION: Primary synovial osteochondromatosis of the hip is a benign disorder, which is not frequently seen clinically. The characteristic of this disease is proliferation of synovium and formation of loose bodies inside the joint. It is known that only the loose bodies derived from synovium were called synovial osteochondromatosis. Although it can take place in any joint, the knee is most commonly affected, involvement of the hip joint is relatively rare. We report a young man who has multiple synovial osteochondromatosis in his left hip...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506614/retrospective-analysis-of-skin-complications-related-to-bone-anchored-hearing-aid-implant-association-with-surgical-technique-quality-of-life-and-audiological-benefit
#6
Daniel Peñaranda, Juan Manuel Garcia, Maria Leonor Aparicio, Felipe Montes, Clemencia Barón, Roberto C Jiménez, Augusto Peñaranda
INTRODUCTION: The bone-anchored hearing aid is an effective form of auditory rehabilitation. Due to the nature of the implant, the most common complications are skin related. A number of alternative surgical implantation techniques have been used to reduce the frequency and severity of skin complications, including the U-shaped graft and the linear incision. OBJECTIVE: To assess skin complications and their association with surgical technique, quality of life, and audiological benefit in patients with bone-anchored hearing aids...
April 25, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499298/-cochlear-implant-state-of-the-art
#7
Thomas Lenarz
Cochlear implants are the treatment of choice for the auditory rehabilitation of patients with sensory deafness. They restore the missing function of inner hair cells by transforming the acoustic signal into electrical stimuli for activation of auditory nerve fibers. Due to the very fast technology development cochlear implants provide open-set speech understanding in the majority of patients including the use of the telephone. Children can achieve a near to normal speech and language development provided their deafness is detected early after onset and implantation is performed quickly thereafter...
April 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499294/h%C3%A3-rger%C3%A3-te-indikationen-technologie-anpassung-und-qualit%C3%A3-tskontrolle
#8
Ulrich Hoppe, Gerhard Hesse
Hearing loss can be caused by a number of different pathological conditions. Some of them can be successfully treated, mainly by surgery, depending on the individual's disease process. However, the treatment of chronic sensorineural hearing loss with damaged cochlear structures usually needs hearing rehabilitation by means of technical amplification. During the last 2 decades tremendous improvements in hearing aid technology led to a higher quality in the hearing rehabilitation process. For example, due to sophisticated signal processing the acoustic feedback path could be reduced and hence open fitting options are available for even more subjects...
April 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498263/cochlear-implantation-in-patients-with-usher-syndrome-type-iia-increases-performance-and-quality-of-life
#9
Bas P Hartel, Josephine W I van Nierop, Wendy J Huinck, Liselotte J C Rotteveel, Emmanuel A M Mylanus, Ad F Snik, Henricus P M Kunst, Ronald J E Pennings
OBJECTIVES: Usher syndrome type IIa (USH2a) is characterized by congenital moderate to severe hearing impairment and retinitis pigmentosa. Hearing rehabilitation starts in early childhood with the application of hearing aids. In some patients with USH2a, severe progression of hearing impairment leads to insufficient speech intelligibility with hearing aids and issues with adequate communication and safety. Cochlear implantation (CI) is the next step in rehabilitation of such patients...
May 11, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491918/the-studying-multiple-outcomes-after-aural-rehabilitative-treatment-study-study-design-and-baseline-results
#10
Lingsheng Li, Caitlin Blake, Yoon Sung, Barnett Shpritz, David Chen, Dane J Genther, Joshua Betz, Frank R Lin
Hearing loss may affect critical domains of health and functioning in older adults. This article describes the rationale and design of the Studying Multiple Outcomes After Aural Rehabilitative Treatment (SMART) study, which was developed to determine to what extent current hearing rehabilitative therapies could mitigate the effects of hearing loss on health outcomes. One hundred and forty-five patients ≥50 years receiving hearing aids (HA) or cochlear implants (CI) were recruited from the Johns Hopkins Department of Otolaryngology-HNS...
January 2017: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486038/word-segmentation-in-phonemically-identical-and-prosodically-different-sequences-using-cochlear-implants-a-case-study
#11
Anahita Basirat
Cochlear implant (CI) users frequently achieve good speech understanding based on phoneme and word recognition. However, there is a significant variability between CI users in processing prosody. The aim of this study was to examine the abilities of an excellent CI user to segment continuous speech using intonational cues. A post-lingually deafened adult CI user and 22 normal hearing (NH) subjects segmented phonemically identical and prosodically different sequences in French such as 'l'affiche' (the poster) versus 'la fiche' (the sheet), both [lafiʃ]...
2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485462/hearing-loss-amongst-the-elderly-in-a-southeast-asian-population-a-community-based-study
#12
Jek Chong Lee, Adrian Noel Danker, Yu Han Wong, Ming Yann Lim
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hearing loss amongst the elderly population attending community services in Singapore. The usefulness of the Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly Screening version (HHIE-S) in detecting hearing loss was also investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pure-tone audiometry was carried out on a randomly recruited cohort of people (n = 338) over 60 years old and who were attending rehabilitation and social day care services for senior citizens at St Luke's Elder Care centres located throughout the city...
April 2017: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483225/mandarin-compound-vowels-produced-by-prelingually-deafened-children-with-cochlear-implants
#13
Jing Yang, Li Xu
OBJECTIVE: Compound vowels including diphthongs and triphthongs have complex, dynamic spectral features. The production of compound vowels by children with cochlear implants (CIs) has not been studied previously. The present study examined the dynamic features of compound vowels in native Mandarin-speaking children with CIs. METHODS: Fourteen prelingually deafened children with CIs (aged 2.9-8.3 years old) and 14 age-matched, normal-hearing (NH) children produced monosyllables containing six Mandarin compound vowels (i...
June 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479298/childhood-psychogenic-hearing-loss-identification-and-diagnosis
#14
M Parodi, I Rouillon, C Rebours, F Denoyelle, N Loundon
Psychogenic hearing loss, formerly known as functional or non-organic hearing loss, is a classic cause of consultation in infantile audiology. Risk factors include female gender, and age 8 or 12 years. Onset is relatively sudden, without impact on schooling or voice quality. Audiometric signs comprise non-superimposable audiometric thresholds (variable audiometric results), bilaterality, flat mean audiometric curve, and discrepancy between pure-tone and speech audiometry. The child needs reassuring during audiometric examination: attention-diversion techniques may be effective...
May 4, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473682/bilateral-microtia-canal-atresia-and-aplasia-of-cochleovestibular-nerve
#15
A Asma, A R Roslenda, I Fadzilah, A Mazita, M B Marina, A Ab Aziz
A six-month-old baby with congenital patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), bilateral microtia and canal atresia was referred for hearing assessment. The audiology assessment revealed bilateral profound hearing loss, which is atypical for a case of pure canal atresia. Imaging was performed much earlier than usual and, as suspected, the patient also had bilateral severe inner ear anomaly. It is extremely rare for a person to have both external and inner ear anomaly because of the different embryological origin. The only suitable hearing rehabilitation option for this kind of patients is brainstem implant...
April 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471842/the-advances-in-hearing-rehabilitation-and-cochlear-implants-in-china
#16
Jia-Nan Li, Si Chen, Lei Zhai, Dong-Yi Han, Adrien A Eshraghi, Yong Feng, Shi-Ming Yang, Xue-Zhong Liu
Hearing loss (HL) is a common sensory impairment in humans, with significant economic and social impacts. With nearly 20% of the world's population, China has focused on economic development and health awareness to improve the care for its hearing-impaired population. Recently, the Chinese government has initiated national programs such as the China Disabled Persons Federation to fund prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation of hearing impairment. Newborn hearing screening and auditory rehabilitation programs in China have expanded exponentially with government support...
May 3, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470659/-benefit-of-bimodal-stimulation-with-cochlear-implant-and-hearing-aid-in-elderly-patients
#17
Dominik Hinder, Thomas E Linder, Christoph Schlegel-Wagner, Claudia Candreia
Cochlear implant (CI) surgery is the standard of care for postlingual deafness in adults. A hearing aid (HA) for the non-implanted ear is normally used if residual hearing is available. There is limited data on bimodal stimulation in elderly patients. We compare the outcome of bimodal stimulation and analyzed the correlation of bimodal benefit and residual hearing in elderly patients. 22 patients≥70 years were implanted with a single-sided CI from 2002 till 2014. 17 patients use a HA on the non-implanted ear (bimodal)...
May 3, 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445580/the-influence-of-social-support-and-coping-on-quality-of-life-among-elderly-with-age-related-hearing-loss
#18
Sarah Moser, Wolfgang Luxenberger, Wolfgang Freidl
Purpose: The consequences of hearing loss hinder the everyday life of older adults and are associated with reduced well-being. The research aim was to explore the influence of hearing problems, various coping strategies, and perceived social support on quality of life. Method: Sixty-five older adults with age-related hearing loss (≥55 years) in Austria participated and completed a paper-pencil survey with standardized questionnaires: Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly (Ventry and Weinstein, 1982), Assessment for Coping and Stress (Laireiter, 1997), short form of the Social Support Questionnaire (Fydrich, Sommer, Tydecks, & Brähler, 2009), and World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale-Brief Version (World Health Organization, 1996)...
April 26, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421258/-intralabyrinthine-schwannomas-surgical-management-and-hearing-rehabilitation-with-cochlear-implants-german-version
#19
S K Plontke, T Rahne, M Pfister, G Götze, C Heider, N Pazaitis, C Strauss, P Caye-Thomasen, S Kösling
Intralabyrinthine schwannomas (ILS) are a rare differential diagnosis of sudden hearing loss and vertigo. In an own case series of 12 patients, 6 tumors showed an intracochlear, 3 an intravestibular, 1 a transmodiolar including the cerebello-pontine angle (CPA), 1 a transotic including the CPA and 1 a multilocular location. The tumors were removed surgically in 9 patients, whereas 3 patients opted for a "wait-and-test-and-scan" strategy. Of the surgical patients, 3 underwent labyrinthectomy and cochlear implant (CI) surgery in a single stage procedure; 1 patient received extended cochleostomy with CI surgery; 3 underwent partial or subtotal cochleoectomy, with partial cochlear reconstruction and CI surgery (n = 1) or implantation of electrode dummies for possible later CI following repeated MRI follow-up (n = 2); and in 2 patients, the tumors of the internal auditory canal and cerebellopontile angle exhibiting transmodiolar or transmacular growth were removed by combined translabyrinthine-transotic resection...
April 18, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420278/audiometric-features-in-young-adults-with-turner-syndrome
#20
Åsa Bonnard, Christina Hederstierna, Rusana Bark, Malou Hultcrantz
OBJECTIVE: Hearing loss (HL) is a known problem in adults with Turner syndrome (TS). The aim of this study was to investigate audiometric features in young adults with TS and the extent of hearing aid provision. DESIGN: Patients were recruited from the Turner centre at Karolinska University Hospital. Analysis of audiograms was made in relation to hearing aid use, a Swedish normal hearing cohort and the need for hearing rehabilitation. STUDY SAMPLE: Sixty-four women with TS aged 25-38 years at the time of their audiological testing...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
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