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Hearing rehabilitation

Jill E Preminger, Ann M Rothpletz
Purpose: Hearing impairment (HI) is a chronic condition; thus, even with treatment, residual participation restrictions and activity limitations typically remain. Individuals must learn to self-manage their HI. The purpose of this research note is to review components of successful Internet-based self-management programs and to evaluate group auditory rehabilitation (AR) programs with varying content, in order to make recommendations for the design of future Internet-based self-management programs...
October 1, 2016: American Journal of Audiology
Laura Coco, Craig A Champlin, Robert H Eikelboom
Purpose: Sections of the community face barriers to accessing audiology services. The aim of this study was to assess the barriers faced by people in typically underserved community settings and to provide audiology services in their natural environment. Information gathered by questionnaire was used to determine each site's candidacy as a potential tele-audiology site. Method: Sixty-three participants were recruited across 3 community sites that were identified as gathering places for individuals who experience barriers to accessing traditional clinical audiology services...
October 1, 2016: American Journal of Audiology
Erin M Picou
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of hearing loss and age on subjective ratings of emotional valence and arousal in response to nonspeech sounds. Method: Three groups of adults participated: 20 younger listeners with normal hearing (M = 24.8 years), 20 older listeners with normal hearing (M = 55.8 years), and 20 older listeners with mild-to-severe acquired hearing loss (M = 65.6 years). Stimuli were presented via headphones at either 35 and 65 dB SPL or 50 and 80 dB SPL on the basis of random assignment within each group...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Kaori Tamura, Takaaki Mizuba, Tsuyoshi Okamoto, Mayumi Matsufuji, Sachio Takashima, Keiji Iramina
INTRODUCTION: The level of residual cognitive function in patients with early brain injury is a key factor limiting rehabilitation and the quality of life. Although understanding residual function is necessary for appropriate rehabilitation, the extent of its effects on cognitive improvement remains unknown. The present study evaluated cognitive function in patients with severe motor and intellectual disabilities after early brain injuries due to cerebral hemorrhage (CH) or periventricular leukomalacia (PVL)...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
Katharina Rohloff, Mario Koopmann, Daniel Wei, Claudia Rudack, Eleftherios Savvas
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcome of hearing rehabilitation in younger versus older adult cochlear implant recipients. Analysis of surgical and postoperative complications, as well as the number of auditory therapy sessions in the two age groups. STUDY DESIGN: Individual retrospective cohort study. METHODS: A cohort of 145 postlingually deafened adults was evaluated in this study. The patients were divided into two age groups based on the age at implantation: Group I, 18 to 69 years; and Group II, 70 and older...
October 14, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Matthew L Bush, Robin Thompson, Catherine Irungu, John Ayugi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of live telemedicine applications in hearing amplification and cochlear implantation. DATA SOURCES AND STUDY SELECTION: A systematic search was performed in PubMed, MEDLINE, PsychINFO, CINALH, and Web of Science to identify peer-reviewed research. Inclusion criteria were titles containing words from the search terms 1) audiology, otolaryngology, and hearing impairment, 2) rehabilitative methods, and 3) telemedicine...
October 12, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
L Westover, G Faulkner, W Hodgetts, D Raboud
This study presents the Advanced System for Implant Stability Testing (ASIST) which provides a non-invasive, quantitative measure of the stability of percutaneous implants used for craniofacial rehabilitation such as bone anchored hearing aids or dental implants. The ASIST uses an impact technique coupled with an analytical model which allows the measure to be independent of the system components. This paper presents a laboratory evaluation of the ASIST for the Oticon Medical Ponto and the Cochlear Baha Connect bone anchored hearing aid (BAHA) systems...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
Hilary C McCrary, Erynne A Faucett, Saranya Reghunathan, F Zahra Aly, Rihan Khan, Raymond F Carmody, Abraham Jacob
OBJECTIVE: Cutaneous neuroendocrine lesions of the external auditory canal (EAC) are exceptionally rare, with only five cases reported in the literature. In this case report, we present a patient with a recurrent carcinoid tumor in the EAC, which has yet to be described. PATIENTS: A 38-year-old woman presenting with otalgia, aural fullness, and decreased hearing was found to have a recurrent EAC carcinoid tumor, 8-years after initial resection at an outside facility...
September 30, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Lotte Skøt, Tina Jeppesen, Angelina Isabella Mellentin, Ask Elklit
PURPOSE: This descriptive study sought to explore barriers faced by Deaf and hard-of-hearing (D/HH) individuals in Denmark when accessing medical and psychosocial services following large-scale disasters and individual traumatic experiences. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with nine D/HH individuals who had experienced at least one disaster or other traumatic event. RESULTS: Difficulties were encountered during interactions with first response and healthcare services, which centered on: (1) lack of Deaf awareness among professionals, (2) problems accessing interpreter services, (3) professionals relying on hearing relatives to disseminate information, and (4) professionals who were unwilling to adjust their speech or try different forms of communication...
October 17, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Verónica Gómez Toledo, Ileana Gutiérrez Farfán, Antonio Verduzco-Mendoza, Emilio Arch-Tirado
BACKGROUND: Tinnitus is defined as the conscious perception of a sensation of sound that occurs in the absence of an external stimulus. This audiological symptom affects 7% to 19% of the adult population. The aim of this study is to describe the associated comorbidities present in patients with tinnitus usingjoint and conditional probability analysis. PATIENTS: Patients of both genders, diagnosed with unilateral or bilateral tinnitus, aged between 20 and 45 years, and had a full computerised medical record, were selected...
October 13, 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
Claudia Frick, Marcus Müller, Ute Wank, Anke Tropitzsch, Benedikt Kramer, Pascal Senn, Helge Rask-Andersen, Karl-Heinz Wiesmüller, Hubert Löwenheim
Cochlear implants (CI) allow for hearing rehabilitation in patients with sensorineural hearing loss or deafness. Restricted CI performance results from the spatial gap between spiral ganglion neurons and the CI, causing current spread that limits spatially restricted stimulation and impairs frequency resolution. This may be substantially improved by guiding peripheral processes of spiral ganglion neurons towards and onto the CI electrode contacts. An injectable, peptide-based hydrogel was developed which may provide a permissive scaffold to facilitate neurite growth towards the CI...
October 4, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Gurjit Singh, Stefan Launer
Hearing rehabilitation tends to focus on the influence of intraindividual factors and concepts such as readiness for change and health beliefs. In contrast, less is known about the role of social context and the potential role of significant others on hearing aid adoption. This explorative retrospective study investigated whether hearing aid adoption is associated with significant other attendance at audiology appointments. The study sample consisted of 33,933 and 27,031 individuals who attended appointments either alone or with a significant other, respectively (n = 60,964)...
October 12, 2016: Trends in Hearing
Chelsea Blankenship, Fawen Zhang, Robert Keith
BACKGROUND: Although most cochlear implant (CI) users achieve improvements in speech perception, there is still a wide variability in speech perception outcomes. There is a growing body of literature that supports the relationship between individual differences in temporal processing and speech perception performance in CI users. Previous psychophysical studies have emphasized the importance of temporal acuity for overall speech perception performance. Measurement of gap detection thresholds (GDTs) is the most common measure currently used to assess temporal resolution...
October 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
Leman Birdane, Armağan İncesulu, Erkan Özüdoğru, Cemal Cingi, Hamdi Caklı, Melek Kezban Gürbüz, Baki Adapınar
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the vestibular system of children with unilateral sensorineural hearing loss (USNHL), investigate the etiological factors of USNHL and analyze whether a genetic predisposition exists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-three children aged less than 18 years with USNHL, who visited the ear, nose, and throat (ENT) department between January 2004 and December 2012, were included in this study. Cases with conductive hearing loss were excluded from the study...
August 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
Randall A Bly, Amit D Bhrany, Craig S Murakami, Kathleen C Y Sie
Microtia reconstruction is a challenging endeavor that has seen significant technique evolution. It is important to educate patients and their families to determine the best hearing rehabilitation and ear reconstructive options. Microtia is often associated with aural atresia, hearing loss, and craniofacial syndromes. Optimal care is provided by multiple disciplines, including a reconstructive surgeon, an otologic surgeon, an audiologist, and a craniofacial pediatrician. Microtia management includes observation, prosthetic ear, autologous cartilage reconstruction, or alloplastic implant placement...
November 2016: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
Nicolas -Xavier Bonne, Rabih Aboukais, Marc Baroncini, Audrey Hochart, Pierre Leblond, Franck Broly, Frédérique Dubrulle, Jean-Paul Lejeune, Christophe Vincent
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to describe the clinical and molecular presentation of pediatric neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) and the subsequent management of vestibular schwannomas (VS) and hearing rehabilitation. METHODS: This is a single-center retrospective study of neurofibromatosis type 2 diagnosed before the age of 18 years old from 1997. Natural history of vestibular schwannomas and surgical outcomes were evaluated using volumetric MRI, hearing, and facial nerve assessment...
October 4, 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Laura S M Derks, Inge Wegner, Adriana L Smit, Hans G X M Thomeer, Vedat Topsakal, Wilko Grolman
INTRODUCTION: Cochlear implantation is an increasingly common procedure in the treatment of severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in children and adults. It is often performed as a day-case procedure. The major drive towards day-case surgery has been from a logistical, economical and societal perspective, but we also speculate that the patient's quality of life (QoL) is at least equal to inpatient surgery if not increased as a result of rapid discharge and rehabilitation...
October 3, 2016: BMJ Open
H Meister
Examination of cognitive functions in the framework of speech perception has recently gained increasing scientific and clinical interest. Especially against the background of age-related hearing impairment and cognitive decline, potential new perspectives in terms of a better individualization of auditory diagnosis and rehabilitation might arise. This review addresses the relationships between speech audiometry, speech perception, and cognitive functions. It presents models of speech perception, discusses associations of neuropsychological and audiometric outcomes, and shows examples of recent efforts undertaken in Germany to consider cognitive functions with speech audiometry...
September 30, 2016: HNO
Rajesh Pattebahadur, Shipra Singhi, Prafulla Kumar Maharana
A 7-year-old male child presented with a history of discolouration of right eye since birth. On examination visual acuity was 6/6 on Snellen's chart in both eyes; anterior segment was within normal limits except for the brilliant blue discolouration of the inferior quadrant and superior quadrant of right iris and left eye iris, respectively. Both eyes had a clear lens and fundus findings were within normal limits. A detailed history from parents revealed that the child had difficulty in hearing and slurring of speech...
September 30, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Fiona Barker, Simon de Lusignan, Deborah Cooke
BACKGROUND: The consequences of poorly managed hearing loss can be ameliorated with hearing aid use but rates of use are sub-optimal. The impact of audiologist behaviour on subsequent use, particularly over the long term, is unknown. PURPOSE: This study aimed to describe the role of the behaviour change wheel in developing an intervention to introduce and embed particular clinical behaviours into adult hearing aid fitting consultations, within the framework of the Medical Research Council guidance on complex interventions...
September 28, 2016: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
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