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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790248/diagnosis-and-management-of-conductive-hearing-loss-in-children-with-trisomy-21
#1
Robbie Stewart, Donna Gallagher, Peter Leyden
AIM: The objective of this study is to review the prevalence and degree of hearing loss in children with trisomy 21, their response to intervention and the presence of concomitant pathologies. The project will also highlight the experiences of the children from their parents' and guardians' perspective and the link between perceived service quality and an objective improvement in their hearing after rehabilitation. METHODS: All patients with trisomy 21 who were referred to district general otolaryngology outpatient clinics between 2014 and 2016 were included...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782441/how-do-hearing-aid-owners-respond-to-hearing-aid-problems
#2
Rebecca J Bennett, Ariane Laplante-Lévesque, Robert H Eikelboom
BACKGROUND: Although hearing aids can improve hearing and communication, problems that arise following the acquisition of hearing aids can result in their disuse. This study aimed to gather perspectives of hearing aid owners and hearing health care clinicians about how hearing aid owners respond to problems that arise following hearing aid fitting, and then use these perspectives to generate a conceptual framework to better understand these responses. METHODS: Seventeen hearing aid owners and 21 hearing health care clinicians generated, sorted, and rated statements regarding how hearing aid owners respond to problems associated with hearing aid use...
May 18, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780422/cochlear-implantation-in-charcot-marie-tooth-disease-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
C Lane Anzalone, Sarah Nuhanovic, Amy P Olund, Matthew L Carlson
Introduction: Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease is a peripheral hereditary neuropathy associated with motor and sensory impairment and can result in profound sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). Currently, the role of cochlear implantation in the setting of CMT and other progressive peripheral neurodegenerative disorders is not well established. Methods: Case report and review of the English literature. Results: A 70-year-old male with CMT was referred for evaluation of progressive asymmetric SNHL and reported a 15-year duration of deafness involving the left ear...
2018: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779397/rehabilitation-for-disabling-hearing-loss-evaluating-the-need-relative-to-provision-of-hearing-aids-in-the-public-health-care-system
#4
Vera-Genevey Hlayisi, Lebogang Ramma
PURPOSE: To determine the demand relative to supply of hearing rehabilitation through hearing aids for those with disabling hearing loss in a public health care setting in South Africa. METHODS: Retrospective cross-sectional survey of medical records of all patients were seen at a public hospital (Polokwane Provincial Academic) during 2012-2014, was conducted. Audiological data from 3894 medical folders were accessed and reviewed; thereafter, results were analyzed using descriptive statistics...
May 20, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764789/eosinophilic-otitis-media-treated-with-anti-ige-monoclonal-antibodies-and-a-bone-conduction-implant
#5
Young Eun Han, Yong Seok Kang, Younhoon Cho, Moo Kyun Park
Eosinophilic otitis media (EOM) are intractable otitis media characterized by highly viscous secretions containing eosinophils in the middle ear. They are resistant to conventional medication and surgery. This condition occurs primarily in patients with bronchial asthma or allergic rhinitis and is often complicated by rhinosinusitis. Systemic and topical steroid therapies are effective treatments. However, long-term steroid therapy is often limited by a high risk of serious adverse effects. The use of topical steroids and otorrhea are bothersome when wearing hearing aids...
April 2018: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764777/comparison-of-social-interaction-between-cochlear-implanted-children-with-normal-intelligence-undergoing-auditory-verbal-therapy-and-normal-hearing-children-a-pilot-study
#6
Leila Monshizadeh, Roshanak Vameghi, Firoozeh Sajedi, Fariba Yadegari, Seyed Basir Hashemi, Petra Kirchem, Fatemeh Kasbi
OBJECTIVE: A cochlear implant is a device that helps hearing-impaired children by transmitting sound signals to the brain and helping them improve their speech, language, and social interaction. Although various studies have investigated the different aspects of speech perception and language acquisition in cochlear-implanted children, little is known about their social skills, particularly Persian-speaking cochlear-implanted children. Considering the growing number of cochlear implants being performed in Iran and the increasing importance of developing near-normal social skills as one of the ultimate goals of cochlear implantation, this study was performed to compare the social interaction between Iranian cochlear-implanted children who have undergone rehabilitation (auditory verbal therapy) after surgery and normal-hearing children...
April 2018: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761951/-research-on-cortical-cross-modal-reorganization-of-children-with-congenital-severe-deafness-after-cochlear-implant
#7
Xianjun Wang, Maojin Liang, Junpeng Zhang, Hua Huang, Yiqing Zheng
Cochlear implant (CI) is the only method for efficacious treatment of congenital severe deafness at present. However, for children with congenital severe deafness after CI, the mechanism of the structural and functional changes of their cerebral cortex is not clear. This study was based on the cross-modal reorganization of deaf patients. Event related potential (ERP) and source localization technique were used to visualize the change of cortical activity in children with congenital severe deafness during 1-year period (0, 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months after CI)...
October 1, 2017: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754738/psychological-follow-up-care-of-neurofibromatosis-type-2-patients-and-their-relatives
#8
REVIEW
C Carillo, M Kiening, S Bergheimer, M Kalamarides
Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) confronts patients and their relatives with the dual issue of a progressive disease and disability. Deafness creates a brutal rupture in the patients' course of life, and other disabilities often follow in addition, that further deteriorates their quality of life. Hearing rehabilitation, via a cochlear implant and auditory brainstem implant, attempts to reduce the feeling of isolation and suffering due to communication impairment. A NF2-specific quality of life questionnaire not only helps to evaluate the impact of the disease but it is also useful therapy proposals (treatment, auditory implants)...
May 10, 2018: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753496/an-evidence-based-protocol-for-managing-neonatal-middle-ear-effusions-in-babies-who-fail-newborn-hearing-screening
#9
Brittany C Weber, Scott M Whitlock, Kaidi He, Blake S Kimbrell, Craig S Derkay
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of middle ear disease in infants referred for failed newborn hearing screening (NBHS) and to review patient outcomes after intervention in order to propose an evidence-based protocol for management of newborns with otitis media with effusion (OME) who fail NBHS. METHODS: 85 infants with suspected middle ear pathology were retrospectively reviewed after referral for failed NBHS. All subjects underwent a diagnostic microscopic exam with myringotomy with or without placement of a ventilation tube in the presence of a middle ear effusion and had intra-operative auditory brainstem response (ABR) testing or testing at a later date...
April 12, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737928/dorothy-wolff-a-pioneer-in-otopathology
#10
Danielle R Trakimas, Aaron K Remenschneider
Dorothy Wolff, PhD, was an inspirational anatomist, pathologist, auditory physiologist, and surgical innovator. Though little known, she worked throughout the mid-20th century in the midst of a revolution in otologic surgery, influencing well-known otologists such as Julius Lempert, MD, Phillip E. Meltzer, MD, and Richard Bellucci, MD. Wolff's seminal work included pathologic studies of the operated human ear, which provided the anatomic basis for effective modern techniques of surgical hearing rehabilitation...
May 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736061/impact-of-neuropsychological-rehabilitation-on-activities-of-daily-living-and-community-reintegration-of-patients-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#11
Amrita Kanchan, Amool Ranjan Singh, Nawab Akhtar Khan, Masroor Jahan, Rajesh Raman, T S Sathyanarayana Rao
Objectives: The present study was targeted to observe the impact of neuropsychological rehabilitation on activities of daily living (ADL) and community reintegration of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Settings and Participants: Based on purposive sampling technique, ten patients with TBI falling in the age range of 20-40 years and fulfilling the inclusion and exclusion criteria were chosen from All India Institute of Speech and Hearing, Mysuru, India...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733111/physical-outcome-measures-for-conductive-and-mixed-hearing-loss-treatment-a-systematic-review
#12
M L Johansson, J R Tysome, P Hill-Feltham, W E Hodgetts, A Ostevik, B J McKinnon, P Monksfield, R Sockalingam, T Wright
BACKGROUND: The number of potential options for rehabilitation of patients with conductive or mixed hearing loss is continually expanding. To be able to inform patients and other stakeholders there is a need to identify and develop patient-centred outcomes for treatment of hearing loss. OBJECTIVE OF REVIEW: To identify outcome measures in the physical core area used when reporting the outcome after treatment of conductive and mixed hearing loss in adult patients...
May 7, 2018: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729446/hearing-loss-in-autoimmune-disorders-prevalence-and-therapeutic-options
#13
REVIEW
Patrizia Mancini, Francesca Atturo, Alessia Di Mario, Portanova Ginevra, Massimo Ralli, Armando De Virgilio, Marco de Vincentiis, Antonio Greco
The objective of this study was to review our current knowledge relative to the correlation between sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) and autoimmune diseases, focusing on the prevalence of hearing loss in different pathologies and possible therapeutic approaches. A review of the literature on hearing loss in different forms of autoimmune disease has been carried out, with emphasis on incidence and prevalence of SNHL. Therapeutic protocols have been assessed including both conservative medical and rehabilitative methods...
May 2, 2018: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729278/restoration-of-sensory-input-may-improve-cognitive-and-neural-function
#14
Hanin Karawani, Kimberly Jenkins, Samira Anderson
Age-related hearing loss is one of the most prevalent health conditions among the elderly. Hearing loss may lead to social isolation, depression, and cognitive decline in older adults. The mechanistic basis for the association between hearing loss and decreased cognitive function remains unknown as does the potential for improving cognition through hearing rehabilitation. To that end, we asked whether the restoration of sensory input through the use of hearing aids would improve cognitive and auditory neural function...
May 2, 2018: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719382/can-cochlear-implantation-improve-neurocognition-in-the-aging-population
#15
Christiane Völter, Lisa Götze, Stefan Dazert, Michael Falkenstein, Jan Peter Thomas
Introduction: The relationship between cognition and the ability to hear is well known. Due to changes in demographics, the number of people with sensorineural hearing loss and cognitive impairment is increasing. The aim of this study was to identify the impact of hearing rehabilitation via cochlear implantation on cognitive decline among the aging population. Patients and methods: This prospective study included 60 subjects aged between 50 and 84 years (mean 65...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709388/assessment-of-auditory-discrimination-in-hearing-impaired-patients
#16
E Legris, M Gomot, J Charpentier, J M Aoustin, C Aussedat, D Bakhos
Hearing loss can impair auditory discrimination, especially in noisy environments, requiring greater listening effort, which can impact socio-occupational life. To assess the impact of hearing loss in noisy environments, clinicians may use subjective or objective methods. Subjective methods, such as speech audiometry in noise, are used in clinical practice to assess reported discomfort. Objective methods, such as cortical auditory evoked potentials (CAEPs), are mainly used in research. Subjective methods mainly comprise speech audiometry in noise, in which the signal-to-noise ratio can be varied so as to determine the individual speech recognition threshold, with and without hearing rehabilitation, the aim being to highlight any improvement in auditory performance...
April 27, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708064/time-of-day-and-hearing-aid-adoption
#17
Gurjit Singh, Stefan Launer
To date, there is little understanding of how contextual factors may influence the decisions individuals make regarding the adoption of options for hearing rehabilitation. This explorative retrospective study investigated whether hearing aid adoption and return rates are associated with the time of the day at which an appointment takes place. The study sample consisted of 24,842 patients experiencing their first audiology appointment. It was observed that hearing aid adoption was significantly associated with appointment times whereby lower hearing aid adoption rates were observed at noon and 4 p...
January 2018: Trends in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703651/sound-localization-performance-of-patients-with-single-sided-deafness-is-not-improved-when-listening-with-a-bone-conduction-device
#18
Martijn J H Agterberg, Ad F M Snik, Rens M G Van de Goor, Myrthe K S Hol, A John Van Opstal
An increased number of treatment options has become available for patients with single sided deafness (SSD), who are seeking hearing rehabilitation. For example, bone-conduction devices that employ contralateral routing of sound (CROS), by transmitting acoustic bone vibrations from the deaf side to the cochlea of the hearing ear, are widely used. However, in some countries, cochlear implantation is becoming the standard treatment. The present study investigated whether CROS intervention, by means of a CROS bone-conduction device (C-BCD), affected sound-localization performance of patients with SSD...
April 19, 2018: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703094/headphone-listening-habits-hearing-thresholds-and-listening-levels-in-swedish-adolescents-with-severe-to-profound-hl-and-adolescents-with-normal-hearing
#19
Stephen E Widén, Claes Möller, Kim Kähäri
OBJECTIVE: Research has minimally focussed on the music listening habits and preferred sound volumes among adolescents with severe to profound congenital HL. Listening to music played at loud sound volumes and for a long duration of time could imply risks of worsening the HL. Therefore, it is important to investigate the listening habits in adolescents with HL. The aim of the present study was to describe the use of personal music devices, subjective estimated sound levels, measured sound levels, listening habits, and hearing symptoms in adolescents with severe to profound hearing loss compared with adolescents with normal hearing...
April 27, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702527/comparative-impacts-of-scala-vestibuli-versus-scala-tympani-cochlear-implantation-on-auditory-performances-and-programming-parameters-in-partially-ossified-cochleae
#20
Mathieu Trudel, Mathieu Côté, Daniel Philippon, David Simonyan, Noémie Villemure-Poliquin, Richard Bussières
OBJECTIVE: To compare scala vestibuli versus scala tympani cochlear implantation in terms of postoperative auditory performances and programming parameters in patients with severe scala tympani ossification. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: One hundred three pediatric and adult patients who underwent cochlear implant surgery between 2000 and 2016. Three groups were formed: a scala vestibuli group, a scala tympani with ossification group, and a scala tympani without ossification group...
April 26, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
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