Read by QxMD icon Read

Opioid free anesthesia

B L Friedberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2018: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
Taiichi Saito, Manabu Tamura, Mikhail F Chernov, Soko Ikuta, Yoshihiro Muragaki, Takashi Maruyama
Aggressive resection of intracranial gliomas has a positive impact on patients' prognosis, but is associated with a risk of neurological complications. For preservation of brain functions and avoidance of major postoperative morbidity various methods of intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring have been introduced into clinical practice. At present, somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEP), motor evoked potentials (MEP), visual evoked potentials (VEP), brainstem auditory evoked potentials (BAEP), and electrocorticography (ECoG) are used routinely during neurosurgical procedures...
2018: Progress in Neurological Surgery
Ravi K Grandhi, Samuel Lee, Alaa Abd-Elsayed
Background: Some studies have suggested using epidural analgesia after cancer surgery to reduce metastasis. This article examines the relationship between regional anesthesia (RA) and cancer metastasis in an array of cancers. Methods: We conducted a review of the literature using PubMed and included 67,577 patients across 28 studies in a metaanalysis, evaluating the hazard ratios (HRs) of overall survival, recurrence-free survival, and biochemical recurrence-free survival...
2017: Ochsner Journal
Richa Wardhan, Jacques Chelly
In this review, we discuss advances in acute pain management, including the recent report of the joint American Pain Society and American Academy of Pain Medicine task force on the classification of acute pain, the role of psychosocial factors, multimodal pain management, new non-opioid therapy, and the effect of the "opioid epidemic". In this regard, we propose that a fundamental principle in acute pain management is identifying patients who are most at risk and providing an "opioid free anesthesia and postoperative analgesia"...
2017: F1000Research
David J Kim, Raheel Bengali, T Anthony Anderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
Christel A L de Raaff, Nico de Vries, Bart A van Wagensveld
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Increasing numbers of bariatric surgical procedures and the high prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in this population have resulted in a growing interest in the perioperative management of OSA in bariatric surgery. This review provides a summary of the first consensus guideline on this topic as well as an update of the newest literature available. RECENT FINDINGS: All bariatric patients should be screened for OSA and obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) to reduce the risk of perioperative complications...
February 2018: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Delara Brandal, Michelle S Keller, Carol Lee, Tristan Grogan, Yohei Fujimoto, Yann Gricourt, Takashige Yamada, Siamak Rahman, Ira Hofer, Kevork Kazanjian, Jonathan Sack, Aman Mahajan, Anne Lin, Maxime Cannesson
BACKGROUND: The United States is in the midst of an opioid epidemic, and opioid use disorder often begins with a prescription for acute pain. The perioperative period represents an important opportunity to prevent chronic opioid use, and recently there has been a paradigm shift toward implementation of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols that promote opioid-free and multimodal analgesia. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of an ERAS intervention for colorectal surgery on discharge opioid prescribing practices...
November 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Kevin C Greer, Abdullah S Terkawi, Siny Tsang, Priyanka Singla, Marcel E Durieux, Mohamed Tiouririne
BACKGROUND: Multiple animal studies suggest that ondansetron ameliorates opioid-induced hyperalgesia and tolerance. In this study, we aimed to determine if the administration of ondansetron prior to spinal anesthesia would have an effect on intrathecal opioid-induced acute opioid tolerance, postoperative pain, and analgesic requirements in patients undergoing cesarean delivery with spinal anesthesia. METHODS: Eighty-six patients undergoing elective cesarean delivery were recruited and randomly allocated to receive either 8 mg intravenous ondansetron (n = 44) or placebo (n = 42) in a prospective, double-blind design...
September 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Jessica McLellan, Laurence A G Marshman, Maria Hennessy
The Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) only assesses orientation after traumatic brain injury (TBI). 'Post-traumatic amnesia' (PTA) comprises orientation, anterograde amnesia (AA) and retrograde amnesia (RA). However, RA is often disregarded in formalized PTA assessment. Drugs can potentially confound PTA assessment: e.g. midazolam can cause AA. However, potential drug confounders are also often disregarded in formalized PTA testing. One study of medium-stay elective-surgery orthopaedic patients (without TBI) demonstrated AA in 80% taking opiates after general anesthesia...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Prasoon Gupta, Anudeep Saxena, Lalita Chaudhary
BACKGROUND: Preoperative medication has a vital role in anesthesia. Pregabalin (PG) is a newer drug of gabapentinoid class and is six times more potent than gabapentin. Our study was designed to evaluate the effect of PG as premedication on the perioperative anesthetic requirement and analgesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted on ninety patients of American Society of Anesthesiologists Grade I and II of age group 20-60 years, allocated to one of the three groups of thirty patients each...
April 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Arthur Davy, Julien Fessler, Marc Fischler, Morgan LE Guen
INTRODUCTION: In Europe, dexmedetomidine has marketing approval only for sedation in intensive care units. However, its use during general anesthesia has been widely reported. The aim of this narrative review is to draw a picture of potential indications in anesthesia. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We searched in MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials using the keywords "Dexmedetomidine, Dexdor, Precedex and Dexdomitor." The research ended in December 2016...
December 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
J Mulier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
Fereydoun Don Parsa, Justin Cheng, Brad Stephan, Nikki Castel, Leslie Kim, Daniel Murariu, Alan A Parsa
Background: Breast reduction has traditionally been performed under general anesthesia with adjunct opioid use. However, opioids are associated with a wide variety of adverse effects, including nausea, vomiting, constipation, postoperative sedation, dizziness, and addiction. Objectives: This study compares bilateral breast reduction using a multimodal opioid-free pain management regimen vs traditional general anesthesia with adjunct opioids. Methods: A total of 83 female patients were enrolled in this study...
September 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Vinayak Panchgar, Akshaya N Shetti, H B Sunitha, Vithal K Dhulkhed, A V Nadkarni
BACKGROUND: There is an upward surge in the use of laparoscopic surgeries due to various advantages when compared to open surgeries. Major advantages are, due to small incisions which are cosmetically acceptable and most of them are now daycare procedures. Problem of economic burden and hospital bed occupancy has been overcome with laparoscopic surgeries. All these advantages are not free from disadvantages, as hemodynamic changes such as hypertension; tachycardia and other surgical-related complications are commonly observed intraoperatively...
January 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Harold S Minkowitz, David Leiman, Timothy Melson, Neil Singla, Karen P DiDonato, Pamela P Palmer
BACKGROUND: Results from a phase-3, prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial evaluating sufentanil sublingual tablet 30 mcg (SST) for the management of pain after ambulatory abdominal surgery are presented. METHODS: Adults with American Society of Anesthesiologists status 1 to 3 scheduled to undergo abdominoplasty, open tension-free inguinal hernioplasty, or laparoscopic abdominal surgery under general or spinal anesthesia that did not include intrathecal opioids during the operation were eligible...
September 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
Major Vishal Arora, Mohammad Zafeer Khan, Major Sanjay Choubey, Mohammad Asim Rasheed, Arindam Sarkar
CONTEXT: Various adjuvants are being used with local anesthetics for prolongation of intraoperative and postoperative analgesia. The α2-adrenergic agonist clonidine and potent opioid buprenorphine have the ability to potentiate the effects of local anesthetics. AIMS: The purpose of this prospective, double-blind study was to compare onset, duration of sensory and motor block, effect on hemodynamics, level of sedation, duration of postoperative analgesia, and any adverse effects of clonidine and buprenorphine...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Amit Agrawal, Veena Asthana, J P Sharma, Vineeta Gupta
BACKGROUND: Subarachnoid block is the preferred technique for providing anesthesia for patients undergoing cesarean section. Various pharmacological agents in added to local anesthetics (LA) modify their original effects in terms of block characteristics and quality of analgesia. However, there is ongoing debate about this practice of using adjuncts with LA. We tested whether addition of lipophilic versus lipophobic opioids to LA gives any clinical benefits to maternal and fetal outcome when used in these patients requiring spinal anesthesia...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Ying Wang, Jianxun Lei, Mihir Gupta, Fei Peng, Sarah Lam, Ritu Jha, Ellis Raduenz, Al J Beitz, Kalpna Gupta
Integrative approaches such as electroacupuncture, devoid of drug effects are gaining prominence for treating pain. Understanding the mechanisms of electroacupuncture induced analgesia would benefit chronic pain conditions such as sickle cell disease (SCD), for which patients may require opioid analgesics throughout life. Mouse models are instructive in developing a mechanistic understanding of pain, but the anesthesia/restraint required to administer electroacupuncture may alter the underlying mechanisms. To overcome these limitations, we developed a method to perform electroacupuncture in conscious, freely moving, unrestrained mice...
September 30, 2016: Scientific Reports
Juan P Cata, Mariana Chavez-MacGregor, Vicente Valero, Walter Black, Daliah M Black, Farzin Goravanchi, Ifey C Ifeanyi, Mike Hernandez, Andrea Rodriguez-Restrepo, Vijaya Gottumukkala
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The impact of regional anesthesia on breast cancer recurrence is controversial. We tested the hypothesis that the use of paravertebral block (PVB) analgesia during breast cancer surgery prolongs the recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) of women with breast cancer. METHODS: Seven hundred ninety-two women with nonmetastatic breast cancer were included in this retrospective study. Patients were divided based on the administration of PVB analgesia for mastectomy surgeries...
November 2016: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Tomasz Gaszynski
INTRODUCTION: We report on the anesthetic management using opioid-free method of a patient with Steinert syndrome (myotonic dystrophy, MD), autosomal dominant dystrophy which is characterized by consistent contracture of muscle following stimulation. A myotonic crisis can be induced by numerous factors including hypothermia, shivering, and mechanical or electrical stimulation. In patients with MD, hypersensitivity to anesthetic drugs, especially muscle relaxants and opioids, may complicate postoperative management...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"