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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109011/individual-physician-penalties-resulting-from-violation-of-emtala-a-review-of-office-of-the-inspector-general-patient-dumping-settlements-2002-2015
#1
Sophie Terp, Brandon Wang, Brian Raffetto, Seth A Seabury, Michael Menchine
OBJECTIVE: To describe characteristics of civil monetary penalty settlements levied by the Office of the Inspector General (OIG) against individual physicians related to violation of the Emergency Medical Treatment and Labor Act (EMTALA). METHODS: Descriptions of all civil monetary penalty settlements between 2002 and 2015 were obtained from the OIG. Characteristics of settlements against individual physicians related to EMTALA violations were described including settlement date, location, amount, whether there was an associated hospital settlement, the medical specialty of the physician involved, and the nature of the allegation...
January 20, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103216/erratum-vol-65-suppl-3
#2
(no author information available yet)
In the report "Safe and Effective Deployment of Personnel to Support the Ebola Response-West Africa," which was part of the supplement entitled "CDC's Response to the 2014-2016 Ebola Pandemic-West Africa and United States," the following author was omitted from the listing on the first page: Jacqueline R. Burkholder, PhD, Division of Emergency Operations, Office of Public Health Awareness, CDC.
January 20, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102419/towards-encoded-particles-for-highly-multiplexed-colorimetric-point-of-care-autoantibody-detection
#3
Gustav Svedberg, Yunjin Jeong, Hunjong Na, Jisung Jang, Peter Nilsson, Sunghoon Kwon, Jesper Gantelius, Helene Andersson Svahn
Highly multiplexed point of care tests could improve diagnostic accuracy and differential diagnostic capacity in for instance emergency medicine and low resource environments. Available technology platforms for POC biomarker detection are typically simplex or low-plexed, whereas common lab-based microarray systems allow for the simultaneous detection of thousands of DNA or protein biomarkers. In this study, we demonstrate a novel suspension particle array platform that utilizes 900 μm bricks for POC amenable colorimetric biomarker detection with an encoding capacity of over two million...
January 19, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100141/caring-to-learn-and-learning-to-care
#4
Kristin G Cloyes, Susan J Rosenkranz, Katherine P Supiano, Patricia H Berry, Meghan Routt, Sarah M Llanque, Kathleen Shannon-Dorcy
The increasing numbers of aging and chronically ill prisoners incarcerated in Western nations is well-documented, as is the growing need for prison-based palliative and end-of-life care. Less often discussed is specifically how end-of-life care can and should be provided, by whom, and with what resources. One strategy incorporates prisoner volunteers into end-of-life services within a peer-care program. This article reports on one such program based on focused ethnographic study including in-depth interviews with inmate hospice volunteers, nursing staff, and corrections officers working in the hospice program...
January 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094537/statistics-of-scientific-procedures-on-living-animals-great-britain-2015-highlighting-an-ongoing-upward-trend-in-animal-use-and-missed-opportunities
#5
Michelle Hudson-Shore
The Annual Statistics of Scientific Procedures on Living Animals Great Britain 2015 indicate that the Home Office were correct in recommending that caution should be exercised when interpreting the 2014 data as an apparent decline in animal experiments. The 2015 report shows that, as the changes to the format of the annual statistics have become more familiar and less problematic, there has been a re-emergence of the upward trend in animal research and testing in Great Britain. The 2015 statistics report an increase in animal procedures (up to 4,142,631) and in the number of animals used (up to 4,069,349)...
December 2016: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals: ATLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088088/prevalence-of-new-psychoactive-substances-in-northeast-asia-from-2007-to-2015
#6
Junhui Lee, Songhee Yang, Yujin Kang, Eunyoung Han, Ling-Yi Feng, Jih-Heng Li, Heesun Chung
The proliferation of new psychoactive substances (NPS) has been a global trend in drug abuse and its regulation has been a worldwide concern. There is no doubt that it is necessary to share information related to these emerging substances between countries and continents for the effective regulation of NPS. With efforts for the efficient regulation of NPS, many studies and information have been published for the prevalence of NPS in the United States and other countries in Europe and Oceania. However, there is lack of information available for the prevalence of NPS in Asian and African countries...
October 20, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087958/the-teaching-of-trauma-management-in-undergraduate-medical-education
#7
S K Lum, T Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: The teaching of trauma in medical schools faces many educational and logistic challenges. Issues on what to teach, how to teach, when to teach, who will teach and whether medical students with insufficient exposure to clinical medicine can benefit from a trauma course are unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A well-designed one day intensive trauma course concentrating on the primary survey was taught to semester seven and semester eight students by a multi-disciplinary team comprising of surgeons, anaesthetists, emergency physicians and trained medical officers...
December 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073733/antibiotic-therapy-and-staphylococcal-skin-infections-in-a-tropical-malarial-zone-guyana-practices-in-conventional-and-exceptional-situations
#8
S-P Corcostegui, H Lefort, A Dia, V Pommier de Santi, C Carfantan, J Galant, E Lightburne, P Guénot, X Deparis, R Migliani, J-J Morand
A problem of community-acquired Staphylococcus aureus skin infections emerged in the French armed forces in 2004, in a malaria-endemic areas. The high incidence rate led us to evaluate military staff practices. This was a cross-sectional survey of doctors and nurses deployed as officers in French Guyana since 2006. The definition of skin and soft-tissue infection came from the criteria for epidemiological surveillance of the armed forces. We studied the management of antibiotic therapy and its related difficulties...
November 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067680/chief-nursing-officers-experiences-with-moral-distress
#9
Angela S Prestia, Rose O Sherman, Christopher Demezier
OBJECTIVE: This study explores if moral distress and its lingering residue were experienced by chief nursing officers (CNOs). BACKGROUND: Chief nursing officers, by virtue of their position and experience, are expected to uphold their professional values and act for the benefit of others. Exploration is needed to determine if the inability to do so contributes to the moral distress of these leaders. METHODS: Twenty CNOs were interviewed to determine the lived experience related to moral distress and moral residue...
February 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065802/addendum-guidelines-for-the-prevention-of-peanut-allergy-in-the-united-states-report-of-the-national-institute-of-allergy-and-infectious-diseases-sponsored-expert-panel
#10
Alkis Togias, Susan F Cooper, Maria L Acebal, Amal Assa'ad, James R Baker, Lisa A Beck, Julie Block, Carol Byrd-Bredbenner, Edmond S Chan, Lawrence F Eichenfield, David M Fleischer, George J Fuchs, Glenn T Furuta, Matthew J Greenhawt, Ruchi S Gupta, Michele Habich, Stacie M Jones, Kari Keaton, Antonella Muraro, Marshall Plaut, Lanny J Rosenwasser, Daniel Rotrosen, Hugh A Sampson, Lynda C Schneider, Scott H Sicherer, Robert Sidbury, Jonathan Spergel, David R Stukus, Carina Venter, Joshua A Boyce
BACKGROUND: Food allergy is an important public health problem because it affects children and adults, can be severe and even life-threatening, and may be increasing in prevalence. Beginning in 2008, the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, working with other organizations and advocacy groups, led the development of the first clinical guidelines for the diagnosis and management of food allergy. A recent landmark clinical trial and other emerging data suggest that peanut allergy can be prevented through introduction of peanut-containing foods beginning in infancy...
December 30, 2016: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065278/addendum-guidelines-for-the-prevention-of-peanut-allergy-in-the-united-states-report-of-the-national-institute-of-allergy-and-infectious-diseases-sponsored-expert-panel
#11
Alkis Togias, Susan F Cooper, Maria L Acebal, Amal Assa'ad, James R Baker, Lisa A Beck, Julie Block, Carol Byrd-Bredbenner, Edmond S Chan, Lawrence F Eichenfield, David M Fleischer, George J Fuchs, Glenn T Furuta, Matthew J Greenhawt, Ruchi S Gupta, Michele Habich, Stacie M Jones, Kari Keaton, Antonella Muraro, Marshall Plaut, Lanny J Rosenwasser, Daniel Rotrosen, Hugh A Sampson, Lynda C Schneider, Scott H Sicherer, Robert Sidbury, Jonathan Spergel, David R Stukus, Carina Venter, Joshua A Boyce
BACKGROUND: Food allergy is an important public health problem because it affects children and adults, can be severe and even life-threatening, and may be increasing in prevalence. Beginning in 2008, the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, working with other organizations and advocacy groups, led the development of the first clinical guidelines for the diagnosis and management of food allergy. A recent landmark clinical trial and other emerging data suggest that peanut allergy can be prevented through introduction of peanut-containing foods beginning in infancy...
January 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060178/assessment-of-splints-applied-for-pediatric-fractures-in-an-emergency-department-urgent-care-environment
#12
Joshua M Abzug, Brandon S Schwartz, Aaron J Johnson
BACKGROUND: Fractures are common in the pediatric population. The initial evaluation is rarely by an orthopaedic surgeon, but commonly an emergency room or urgent care center physician/extender. This typically involves splint application by a nonorthopaedist to immobilize the extremity and provide stabilization. Iatrogenic injuries from inappropriate splint placement are a potential public health and legal concern that can lead to complications. The primary purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate the adequacy of all splints placed on patients who presented to a pediatric orthopaedic office; secondary outcomes included assessing prevalence and types of complications that were associated with inadequate splints...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059904/emerging-exposures-of-developmental-toxicants
#13
Mary S Wolff, Jessie Buckley, Stephanie M Engel, Rob S McConnell, Dana B Barr
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to identify emerging developmental toxicants that are understudied in children's health. Exposures may arise from new products designed to improve utility, to reduce toxicity, or to replace undesirable chemicals. Exposures to less-toxic chemicals may also be significant if they are very commonly used, thereby generating widespread exposure. Sources of exposure include the workplace, personal, home, and office products; food, water, and air...
January 5, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054723/addendum-guidelines-for-the-prevention-of-peanut-allergy-in-the-united-states-report-of-the-national-institute-of-allergy-and-infectious-diseases-sponsored-expert-panel
#14
Alkis Togias, Susan F Cooper, Maria L Acebal, Amal Assa'ad, James R Baker, Lisa A Beck, Julie Block, Carol Byrd-Bredbenner, Edmond S Chan, Lawrence F Eichenfield, David M Fleischer, George J Fuchs, Glenn T Furuta, Matthew J Greenhawt, Ruchi S Gupta, Michele Habich, Stacie M Jones, Kari Keaton, Antonella Muraro, Marshall Plaut, Lanny J Rosenwasser, Daniel Rotrosen, Hugh A Sampson, Lynda C Schneider, Scott H Sicherer, Robert Sidbury, Jonathan Spergel, David R Stukus, Carina Venter, Joshua A Boyce
BACKGROUND: Food allergy is an important public health problem because it affects children and adults, can be severe and even life-threatening, and may be increasing in prevalence. Beginning in 2008, the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, working with other organizations and advocacy groups, led the development of the first clinical guidelines for the diagnosis and management of food allergy. A recent landmark clinical trial and other emerging data suggest that peanut allergy can be prevented through introduction of peanut-containing foods beginning in infancy...
January 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047815/su-c-209-05-monte-carlo-model-of-a-prototype-backscatter-x-ray-bsx-imager-for-projective-and-selective-object-plane-imaging
#15
L Rolison, S Samant, J Baciak, K Jordan
PURPOSE: To develop a Monte Carlo N-Particle (MCNP) model for the validation of a prototype backscatter x-ray (BSX) imager, and optimization of BSX technology for medical applications, including selective object-plane imaging. METHODS: BSX is an emerging technology that represents an alternative to conventional computed tomography (CT) and projective digital radiography (DR). It employs detectors located on the same side as the incident x-ray source, making use of backscatter and avoiding ring geometry to enclose the imaging object...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047458/mo-ab-bra-08-a-modular-multi-source-x-ray-tube-for-novel-computed-tomography-applications
#16
B Walker, J Radtke, G Petry, R Swader, G Chen, K Eliceiri, T Mackie
PURPOSE: To develop and build a practical implementation of an x-ray line source for the rapidly increasing number of multi-source imaging applications in CT. METHODS: An innovative x-ray tube was designed using CST Particle Studio, ANSYS, and SolidWorks. A slowly varying magnetic field is synchronized with microsecond gating of multiple thermionic electron sources. Electrostatic simulations were run to optimize the geometry of the optics and prevent electrode arcing...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040516/physical-activity-and-health-services-utilization-and-costs-among-u-s-adults
#17
Sung-Wan Kang, Xiaoling Xiang
The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between physical activity and health services utilization and costs among adults aged 18 or older in the U.S. Data came from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey-Household component from 2007 through 2011 (n=117,361). Regular physical activity was defined as spending half an hour or more in moderate or vigorous physical activity at least three times a week. The following categories of self-reported health services utilization and costs were examined: preventive, office-based, outpatient, inpatient, emergency department, home health, and prescription medicines...
December 29, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030701/geographic-variations-and-temporal-trends-in-cesarean-delivery-rates-in-china-2008-2014
#18
Hong-Tian Li, Shusheng Luo, Leonardo Trasande, Susan Hellerstein, Chuyun Kang, Jia-Xin Li, Yali Zhang, Jian-Meng Liu, Jan Blustein
Importance: The increasing use of cesarean delivery is an emerging global health issue. Prior estimates of China's cesarean rate have been based on surveys with limited geographic coverage. Objective: To provide updated information about cesarean rates and geographic variation in cesarean use in China. Design, Setting, and Data Sources: Descriptive study, covering every county (n = 2865) in mainland China's 31 provinces, using county-level aggregated information on the number of live births, cesarean deliveries, maternal deaths, and perinatal deaths, collected by the Office for National Maternal & Child Health Statistics of China, from 2008 through 2014...
3, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027149/thirteenth-annual-warren-k-sinclair-keynote-address-where-are-the-radiation-professionals-warp
#19
Richard E Toohey
In July 2013, the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements convened a workshop for representatives from government, professional organizations, academia, and the private sector to discuss a potential shortage of radiation protection professionals in the not-too-distant future. This shortage manifests itself in declining membership of professional societies, decreasing enrollment in university programs in the radiological sciences, and perhaps most importantly, the imminent retirement of the largest birth cohort in American history, the so-called "baby boomer" generation...
February 2017: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017435/informing-vaccine-decision-making-a-strategic-multi-attribute-ranking-tool-for-vaccines-smart-vaccines-2-0
#20
Stacey Knobler, Karin Bok, Bruce Gellin
SMART Vaccines 2.0 software is being developed to support decision-making among multiple stakeholders in the process of prioritizing investments to optimize the outcomes of vaccine development and deployment. Vaccines and associated vaccination programs are one of the most successful and effective public health interventions to prevent communicable diseases and vaccine researchers are continually working towards expanding targets for communicable and non-communicable diseases through preventive and therapeutic modes...
December 22, 2016: Vaccine
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