keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

obesity and falls

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535762/gait-initiation-and-termination-strategies-in-patients-with-prader-willi-syndrome
#1
Veronica Cimolin, Nicola Cau, Manuela Galli, Cristina Santovito, Graziano Grugni, Paolo Capodaglio
BACKGROUND: Gait Initiation (GI) is a functional task representing one of the first voluntary destabilizing behaviours observed in the development of a locomotor pattern as the whole body centre of mass transitions from a large to a small base of support. Conversely, Gait Termination (GT) consists in the transition from walking to standing which, in everyday life, is a very common movement. Compared to normal walking, it requires higher control of postural stability. For a safe GT, the forward movement of the body has to be slowed down to achieve a stable upright position...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497900/utility-and-reliability-of-non-invasive-muscle-function-tests-in-high-fat-fed-mice
#2
Sergio F Martinez-Huenchullan, Susan V McLennan, Linda A Ban, Marco Morsch, Stephen M Twigg, Charmaine S Tam
Non-invasive tests are commonly used for assessing muscle function in animal models. The value of these tests in obesity, a condition where muscle strength is reduced, is unclear. We investigated the utility of three non-invasive muscle function tests, namely grip strength (GS), hang wire (HW), and four-limb hanging (FLH) in C57BL/6 mice fed chow (n = 48) or high-fat diet (HFD, n = 48) for 20 weeks. Muscle function tests were performed at 5, 10, and 20 weeks. After 10 and 20 weeks, HFD mice had significantly reduced GS (10 weeks chow:1...
May 12, 2017: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494917/validation-of-the-nexfin%C3%A2-non-invasive-continuous-blood-pressure-monitoring-validated-against-riva-rocci-korotkoff-in-a-bariatric-patient-population
#3
Sjaak Pouwels, Bianca Lascaris, Simon W Nienhuijs, R Arthur Bouwman, Marc P Buise
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to validate the Nexfin® monitor and to assess the accuracy compared to classical sphygmomanometry (Riva-Rocci/Korotkoff (RRK)) blood pressure (BP) measurements in patients with obesity scheduled for bariatric surgery. DESIGN: Validation study. SETTING: Outpatient clinic for bariatric surgery. PATIENTS: 33 patients scheduled for bariatric surgery. MEASUREMENTS: The validation process was done according to the protocols developed by the European Society of Hypertension from 2010...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479718/potential-lipid-lowering-effects-of-eleusine-indica-l-gaertn-extract-on-high-fat-diet-induced-hyperlipidemic-rats
#4
Siew Ling Ong, Koteswara Rao Nalamolu, How Yee Lai
BACKGROUND: To date, anti-obesity agents based on natural products are tested for their potential using lipase inhibition assay through the interference of hydrolysis of fat by lipase resulting in reduced fat absorption without altering the central mechanisms. Previous screening study had indicated strong anti-obesity potential in Eleusine indica (E. indica), but to date, no pharmacologic studies have been reported so far. OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to investigate the lipid-lowering effects of E...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462547/changing-adolescent-sleep-patterns-factors-affecting-them-and-the-related-problems
#5
Harpreet Kaur, Harpreet Singh Bhoday
Sleep affects physical growth, behavior and emotional development besides determining cognitive functioning, learning and attention especially of a growing child. Adolescence represents one of the critical transitions in the life span and is characterized by a tremendous pace in growth and change that is second only to that of infancy. Adolescent sleep patterns deserve particular attention because of the potential impact on school performance. Average sleep period in adolescents is reduced during school days to around seven hours...
March 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460796/the-financial-costs-behaviour-and-psychology-of-obesity-a-one-health-analysis
#6
REVIEW
E Bomberg, L Birch, N Endenburg, A J German, J Neilson, H Seligman, G Takashima, M J Day
People who are overweight or have obesity are estimated to comprise 30% of the global population and up to 59% of companion dogs and cats are estimated to be above their optimal body weight. The prevalence of human and companion obesity is increasing. The direct and indirect costs of obesity and associated comorbidities are significant for human and veterinary healthcare. There are numerous similarities between obesity in people and companion animals, likely related to the shared environmental and lifestyle elements of this multifactorial disease...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452694/diet-and-physical-activity-in-african-american-girls-seasonal-differences
#7
Karen W Cullen, Yan Liu, Debbe Thompson
OBJECTIVE: Diet and physical activity (PA) may vary by season. METHODS: Two 24-hour dietary recalls and 7 days of accelerometry were collected from 342 8-10 year-old African-American girls between January 2013 and October 2014. Season was based on time of data collection (fall, spring, winter, summer). Seasonal differences in diet and PA were assessed. RESULTS: Mean age was 8.9 years; 53% were low income. Girls with summer baseline data collection reported consuming significantly less 100% fruit juice than those with winter and spring data...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431912/osteosarcopenic-obesity-prevalence-and-relation-with-frailty-and-physical-performance-in-middle-aged-and-older-women
#8
Claudia Szlejf, Lorena Parra-Rodríguez, Oscar Rosas-Carrasco
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of osteosarcopenic obesity (OSO) and to investigate its association with frailty and physical performance in Mexican community-dwelling middle-aged and older women. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of a prospective cohort. SETTING: The FraDySMex study, a 2-round evaluation of community-dwelling adults from 2 municipalities in Mexico City. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 434 women aged 50 years or older, living in the designated area in Mexico City...
April 18, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431747/effects-of-vibration-training-in-reducing-risk-of-slip-related-falls-among-young-adults-with-obesity
#9
Feng Yang, Jose Munoz, Long-Zhu Han, Fei Yang
This study examined the effects of controlled whole-body vibration training on reducing risk of slip-related falls in people with obesity. Twenty-three young adults with obesity were randomly assigned into either the vibration or placebo group. The vibration and placebo groups respectively received 6-week vibration and placebo training on a side-alternating vibration platform. Before and after the training, the isometric knee extensors strength capacity was measured for the two groups. Both groups were also exposed to a standardized slip induced by a treadmill during gait prior to and following the training...
April 9, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422549/obesity-is-associated-with-altered-plantar-pressure-distribution-in-elderly-women
#10
Silvia Gonçalves Ricci Neri, André Bonadias Gadelha, Ana Luiza Matias Correia, Juscélia Cristina Pereira, Ana Cristina de David, Ricardo Moreno Lima
Increased plantar pressure has been found to be related with greater risk of falling. Although there is evidence suggesting that obesity is linked to foot disorders, the association between obesity and plantar pressure of older adults has been poorly investigated. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between obesity and plantar pressure distribution and to explore its relationship with body fat distribution. Two hundred and eleven elderly women took part in this cross-sectional study. Body mass index were taken for obesity classification...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411741/required-friction-during-overground-walking-is-lower-among-obese-compared-to-non-obese-older-men-but-does-not-differ-with-obesity-among-women
#11
Sara L Arena, Christina R Garman, Maury A Nussbaum, Michael L Madigan
Obesity and aging have been independently associated with altered required friction during walking, but it is unclear how these factors interact to influence the likelihood of slipping. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine whether there are differences related to obesity and aging on required friction during overground walking. Fourteen older non-obese, 11 older obese, 20 younger non-obese, and 20 younger obese adults completed walking trials at both a self-selected and hurried speed. When walking at a hurried speed, older obese men walked at a slower gait speed and exhibited lower frictional demands compared both to older non-obese men and to younger obese men...
July 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409089/comparative-effectiveness-of-guided-weight-loss-and-physical-activity-monitoring-for-weight-loss-and-metabolic-risks-a-pilot-study
#12
Karissa L Peyer, Laura D Ellingson, Kathryn Bus, Sarah A Walsh, Warren D Franke, Gregory J Welk
Many consumer-based physical activity monitors (PAMs) are available but it is not clear how to use them to most effectively promote weight loss. The purpose of this pilot study was to compare the effectiveness of a personal PAM, a guided weight loss program (GWL), and the combination of these approaches on weight loss and metabolic risk. Participants completed the study in two cohorts: Fall 2010 and Spring 2011. A sample of 72 obese individuals in the Ames, IA area were randomized to one of 3 conditions: 1) (GWL, N = 31), 2) PAM, N = 29, or 3) a combination group (PAM + GWL, N = 29)...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402829/population-health-in-an-era-of-rising-income-inequality-usa-1980-2015
#13
REVIEW
Jacob Bor, Gregory H Cohen, Sandro Galea
Income inequality in the USA has increased over the past four decades. Socioeconomic gaps in survival have also increased. Life expectancy has risen among middle-income and high-income Americans whereas it has stagnated among poor Americans and even declined in some demographic groups. Although the increase in income inequality since 1980 has been driven largely by soaring top incomes, the widening of survival inequalities has occurred lower in the distribution-ie, between the poor and upper-middle class. Growing survival gaps across income percentiles since 2001 reflect falling real incomes among poor Americans as well as an increasingly strong association between low income and poor health...
April 8, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390403/farm-fresh-foods-for-healthy-kids-f3hk-an-innovative-community-supported-agriculture-intervention-to-prevent-childhood-obesity-in-low-income-families-and-strengthen-local-agricultural-economies
#14
Rebecca A Seguin, Emily H Morgan, Karla L Hanson, Alice S Ammerman, Stephanie B Jilcott Pitts, Jane Kolodinsky, Marilyn Sitaker, Florence A Becot, Leah M Connor, Jennifer A Garner, Jared T McGuirt
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity persists in the United States and is associated with serious health problems. Higher rates of obesity among children from disadvantaged households may be, in part, attributable to disparities in access to healthy foods such as fruits and vegetables. Community supported agriculture can improve access to and consumption of fresh produce, but the upfront payment structure, logistical barriers, and unfamiliarity with produce items may inhibit participation by low-income families...
April 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367325/association-between-sleep-habits-and-metabolically-healthy-obesity-in-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Thirumagal Kanagasabai, Ramandeep Dhanoa, Jennifer L Kuk, Chris I Ardern
Higher body mass index (BMI) increases the risk of cardiometabolic diseases, but nearly a third of the people living with obesity (BMI: ≥30 kg/m(2)) are metabolically healthy (MHO). Extreme sleep durations and poor sleep quality are associated with higher bodyweight and cardiometabolic dysfunction, but the full extent to which sleep habits may help differentiate those with MHO versus metabolically abnormal obesity (MAO) is not yet known. Data from the U.S. National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey 2005-08 was used (BMI: ≥30 kg/m(2); ≥20 y; N = 1,777)...
2017: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357654/human-adipocyte-differentiation-and-characterization-in-a-perfusion-based-cell-culture-device
#16
Yunxiao Liu, Patthara Kongsuphol, Sajay Bhuvanendran Nair Gourikutty, Qasem Ramadan
Adipocytes have gained significant attention recently, because they are not only functioning as energy storage but also as endocrine cells. Adipocytes secret various signaling molecules, including adiponectin, MCP-1, and IL-6, termed collectively as "adipokines". Adipokines regulate glucose metabolism, thereby play an important role in obesity, diabetes type 2, and other metabolic disorders. Conventionally, to study the secretory function, adipocytes are cultured in vitro in static conditions. However, static culturing condition falls short of mimicking the interstitial fluid flows in living systems...
September 2017: Biomedical Microdevices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336466/global-trends-and-predictions-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-mortality
#17
Paola Bertuccio, Federica Turati, Greta Carioli, Teresa Rodriguez, Carlo La Vecchia, Matteo Malvezzi, Eva Negri
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Trends in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) mortality rates have increased over recent decades in most countries. It is also the third cause of cancer death worldwide. The aim of this study is to update global trends in HCC mortality to 2014, and predict trends in rates in the EU, USA and Japan to 2020. METHODS: Death certification data for HCC over the 1990-2014 period from the World Health Organization database were analyzed. Sixteen European, five American countries, and six other countries worldwide were included, as well as the EU as a whole...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334220/effect-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-in-developed-countries
#18
Zaki K Hassan-Smith, Martin Hewison, Neil J Gittoes
Introduction: Vitamin D deficiency is common worldwide with adverse effects on skeletal health. In recent years, there has been great interest in non-classical actions of vitamin D. Basic research has uncovered actions in a range of non-skeletal tissues, and observational studies have identified inverse relationships with risk of a number of disease states including sarcopenia, obesity, the metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, cancer and autoimmune diseases. Sources of data: PubMed, Medline and Cochrane Systematic Reviews...
March 9, 2017: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299341/hepatic-cholesterol-25-hydroxylase-overexpression-improves-systemic-insulin-sensitivity-in-mice
#19
Britta Noebauer, Alexander Jais, Jelena Todoric, Klaus Gossens, Hedwig Sutterlüty-Fall, Elisa Einwallner
Obesity is a major risk factor for several diseases including diabetes, heart disease, and some forms of cancer and due to its rapidly increasing prevalence it has become one of the biggest problems medicine is facing today. All the more surprising, a substantial percentage of obese patients are metabolically healthy when classified based on insulin resistance and systemic inflammation. Oxysterols are naturally occurring molecules that play important role in various metabolic and inflammatory processes and their levels are elevated in patients suffering from obesity and diabetes...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293271/a-mouse-model-of-vitamin-d-insufficiency-is-there-a-relationship-between-25-oh-vitamin-d-levels-and-obesity
#20
Kenneth L Seldeen, Manhui Pang, Maria Rodríguez-Gonzalez, Mireya Hernandez, Zachary Sheridan, Ping Yu, Bruce R Troen
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D insufficiency (serum 25-OH vitamin D > 10 ng/ml and < 30 ng/ml) is prevalent in the obese (body mass index (BMI) > 30 kg/m(2)), yet relationships between the two are poorly understood. Objectives of this study include identification of the impact of obesity on reducing serum 25-OH vitamin D concentration, particularly in response to altered vitamin D3 supplementation, and to elucidate the longitudinal impact of serum 25-OH vitamin D on body mass index...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
keyword
keyword
49899
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"