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obesity and falls

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331538/differential-lipid-metabolism-outcomes-associated-with-adrb2-gene-polymorphisms-in-response-to-two-dietary-interventions-in-overweight-obese-subjects
#1
O Ramos-Lopez, J I Riezu-Boj, F I Milagro, L Goni, M Cuervo, J A Martinez
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A precise nutrigenetic management of hypercholesterolemia involves the understanding of the interactions between the individual's genotype and dietary intake. The aim of this study was to analyze the response to two dietary energy-restricted interventions on cholesterol changes in carriers of two ADRB2 polymorphisms. METHODS AND RESULTS: A 4-month nutritional intervention was conducted involving two different hypo-energetic diets based on low-fat (LF) and moderately high-protein (MHP) dietary patterns...
December 5, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298365/associations-of-prepregnancy-morbid-obesity-and-prenatal-depression-with-gestational-weight-gain
#2
Hema Chagarlamudi, Juhee Kim, Edward Newton
OBJECTIVES: Pregnancy outcomes and infant growth and development are influenced by various prenatal and postnatal factors. Gestational weight gain (GWG) is an important indicator of pregnancy management and outcomes. Information about the interaction between prenatal obesity and depression on GWG among low-income women is limited. There also is a lack of information about morbid obesity and GWG. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations of prepregnancy weight status, including morbid obesity as a separate group, and prenatal depression with GWG using electronic medical records in an academic prenatal clinic serving a largely low-income population...
January 2018: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289457/seasonality-in-the-adverse-outcomes-in-weight-loss-surgeries
#3
Qingwei Hu, Lu Shi, Liwei Chen, Lu Zhang, Khoa Truong, Alex Ewing, Jiande Wu, John Scott
BACKGROUND: Weight loss surgery is a common procedure in the United States. OBJECTIVE: As weight loss surgery is largely an elective procedure for which patients and physicians can choose the timing, it could be helpful to explore the seasonality pattern of its perioperative adverse outcomes to help decide the timing of this surgery. SETTING: United States. METHODS: We used an obese adult sample (age ≥20 yr) of patients who underwent weight loss surgeries from the Premier Healthcare Database from 2011 to 2014...
December 1, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243457/the-surgical-management-of-obesity
#4
Samuel Torres-Landa, Umashankkar Kannan, Isabella Guajardo, Octavia E Pickett-Blakely, Daniel T Dempsey, Noel N Williams, Kristoffel R Dumon
Obesity is a spreading epidemic associated with significant morbidity and mortality with a prevalence of over 36% worldwide. In the face of a growing epidemic, increasing medical costs, and the disappointing limitations of medical and lifestyle modification bariatric surgery was found to consistently lead to significant weight loss and improvement in obesity-associated comorbidities when compared to non-surgical interventions. Bariatric procedures fall within three basic categories: restrictive procedures, malabsorptive procedures, and procedures that combine both restrictive and malabsorptive mechanisms...
December 14, 2017: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236379/alcohol-consumption-and-low-risk-drinking-guidelines-among-adults-a-cross-sectional-analysis-from-alberta-s-tomorrow-project
#5
Darren R Brenner, Tiffany R Haig, Abbey E Poirier, Alianu Akawung, Christine M Friedenreich, Paula J Robson
INTRODUCTION: Moderate to heavy alcohol consumption is a risk factor for all-cause mortality and cancer incidence. Although cross-sectional data are available through national surveys, data on alcohol consumption in Alberta from a large prospective cohort were not previously available. The goal of these analyses was to characterize the levels of alcohol consumption among adults from the Alberta's Tomorrow Project in the context of cancer prevention guidelines. Furthermore, we conducted analyses to examine the relationships between alcohol consumption and other high-risk or risk-related behaviours...
December 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234301/balance-screening-of-vestibular-function-in-subjects-aged-4-years-and-older-a-living-laboratory-experience
#6
María Carolina Bermúdez Rey, Torin K Clark, Daniel M Merfeld
To better understand the various individual factors that contribute to balance and the relation to fall risk, we performed the modified Romberg Test of Standing Balance on Firm and Compliant Support, with 1,174 participants between 4 and 83 years of age. This research was conducted in the Living Laboratory® at the Museum of Science, Boston. We specifically focus on balance test condition 4, in which individuals stand on memory foam with eyes closed, and must rely on their vestibular system; therefore, performance in this balance test condition provides a proxy for vestibular function...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228152/effectiveness-of-nutritional-interventions-addressed-to-elderly-persons-umbrella-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#7
Andrea Poscia, Sonja Milovanovic, Daniele Ignazio La Milia, Mariusz Duplaga, Marcin Grysztar, Francesco Landi, Umberto Moscato, Nicola Magnavita, Agnese Collamati, Walter Ricciardi
Background: The number of Europeans aged over 65 will double between 2010 and 2060, reaching 30% of the European population. Nutrition is emerging as a key element of healthy life since both obesity and malnutrition are established risk factors for morbidity and disability. The aim of this umbrella review (UR) is to summarize the findings of all current systematic reviews (SRs) and meta-analyzes (MAs) on the effectiveness of nutritional intervention designed to promote healthy aging in older individuals...
December 8, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227413/the-association-between-body-adiposity-measures-postural-balance-fear-of-falling-and-fall-risk-in-older-community-dwelling-women
#8
Silvia Gonçalves Ricci Neri, André Bonadias Gadelha, Ana Cristina de David, Aparecido Pimentel Ferreira, Marisete Peralta Safons, Anne Tiedemann, Ricardo M Lima
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Recent investigations demonstrate an association between obesity and the propensity of older adults to fall. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between body adiposity measures, postural balance, fear of falling, and risk of falls in older women. METHODS: One hundred forty-seven volunteers took part in this cross-sectional study. Participants underwent body composition assessment using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry and had body mass index, waist circumference (WC), and body adiposity index measured...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202093/health-status-and-health-systems-financing-in-the-mena-region-roadmap-to-universal-health-coverage
#9
Eyob Zere Asbu, Maysoun Dimachkie Masri, Amer Kaissi
Background: Since the declaration of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in 1990, many countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region made some improvements in maternal and child health and in tackling communicable diseases. The transition to the global agenda of Sustainable Development Goals brings new opportunities for countries to move forward toward achieving progress for better health, well-being, and universal health coverage. This study provides a profile of health status and health financing approaches in the MENA region and their implications on universal health coverage...
2017: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176543/a-rare-case-of-cerebellar-ataxia-due-to-voltage-gated-calcium-channel-and-glutamic-acid-decarboxylase-autoantibodies
#10
Giuseppe Annunziata, Pamela Lobo, Cristian Carbuccia
BACKGROUND Autoimmune cerebellar ataxia can be paraneoplastic in nature or can occasionally present without evidence of an ongoing malignancy. The detection of specific autoantibodies has been statistically linked to different etiologies. CASE REPORT A 55-year-old African-American woman with hypertension and a past history of morbid obesity and uncontrolled diabetes status post gastric bypass four years prior to the visit (with significantly improved body mass index and hemoglobin A1c controlled at the time of the clinical encounter) presented to the office complaining of gradual onset of unsteadiness and recurrent falls for the past three years, as well as difficulties coordinating routine daily activities...
November 27, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174051/body-mass-estimation-from-the-skeleton-an-evaluation-of-11-methods
#11
Alizé Lacoste Jeanson, Frédéric Santos, Chiara Villa, Ján Dupej, Niels Lynnerup, Jaroslav Brůžek
Estimating an individual body mass (BM) from the skeleton is a challenge for forensic anthropology. However, identifying someone's BMI (Body Mass Index) category, i.e. underweight, normal, overweight or obese, could contribute to identification. Individual BM is also known to influence the age-at-death estimation from the skeleton. Several methods are regularly used by both archaeologists and forensic practitioners to estimate individual BM. The most commonly used methods are based on femoral head breadth, or stature and bi-iliac breadth...
December 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170860/%C3%AE-glutamyltransferase-fractions-in-obese-subjects-with-type-2-diabetes-relation-to-insulin-sensitivity-and-effects-of-bariatric-surgery
#12
Maria Franzini, Veronica Musetti, Daniela Guarino, Laura Caponi, Aldo Paolicchi, Michele Emdin, Ele Ferrannini, Monica Nannipieri
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase (GGT) levels are an independent risk marker for the development of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). We investigated the relationship between the newly identified serum GGT fractions and glucose metabolism in obese subjects before and after bariatric surgery. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Twenty-nine T2DM subjects, wait-listed for Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB; n = 21) or laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG; n = 8), received a 5-h mixed meal test before (T0), 15 days (T15), and 1 year after surgery (T365)...
November 24, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169576/sarcopenia-and-sarcopenic-obesity-in-spanish-community-dwelling-middle-aged-and-older-women-association-with-balance-confidence-fear-of-falling-and-fall-risk
#13
Agustín Aibar-Almazán, Antonio Martínez-Amat, David Cruz-Díaz, José D Jiménez-García, Alexander Achalandabaso, Indalecio Sánchez-Montesinos, Manuel de la Torre-Cruz, Fidel Hita-Contreras
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the association of sarcopenia, obesity, and sarcopenic obesity (SO) with fear of falling (FoF) and balance confidence in a Spanish sample of middle-aged and older community-dwelling women. STUDY DESIGN AND OUTCOME MEASURES: A total of 235 women (69.21±7.56 years) participated in this study. Body composition (bioelectrical impedance analysis), hand-grip strength, and physical performance (gait speed) were evaluated for the diagnosis of sarcopenia, obesity, and SO...
January 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157744/insufficient-sleep-is-associated-with-obesity-and-excessive-screen-time-amongst-ten-year-old-children-in-sweden
#14
Pernilla Garmy, Eva K Clausson, Per Nyberg, Ulf Jakobsson
PURPOSE: This study investigated sleep, television, computer habits, and obesity in school-age children. DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional self-report survey of 1260 children in grade 4 (mean age, 10.1) living in southern Sweden (49.1% boys). The heights and weights of 1097 (87.1%) of the children were recorded. Descriptive statistics, bivariate analyses, and multiple logistic regression were employed. RESULTS: The median length of self-reported sleep on weeknights was 9...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151596/comparison-of-regional-fat-measurements-by-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-and-conventional-anthropometry-and-their-association-with-markers-of-diabetes-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk
#15
S K Vasan, C Osmond, D Canoy, C Christodoulides, M J Neville, C Di Gravio, C H D Fall, F Karpe
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Fat distribution is a strong and independent predictor of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) and is usually determined using conventional anthropometry in epidemiological studies. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) can measure total and regional adiposity more accurately. Nonetheless, whether DXA provides more precise estimates of cardiovascular risk in relation to total and regional adiposity is not known. We determined the strength of the associations between DXA- and conventional anthropometry determined fat distribution and T2D and CVD risk...
November 20, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118852/prevalence-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-united-arab-emirates-expatriates-the-uae-national-diabetes-and-lifestyle-study
#16
Nabil Sulaiman, Salah Elbadawi, Amal Hussein, Salah Abusnana, Abdulrazzag Madani, Maisoon Mairghani, Fatheya Alawadi, Ahmad Sulaiman, Paul Zimmet, Oliver Huse, Jonathan Shaw, Anna Peeters
Objective: To describe current prevalence of obesity and related non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in expatriates living in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Methods: We used data from the cross-sectional UAE National Diabetes and Lifestyle Study (UAEDIAB), which surveyed adult expatriates living in the UAE for at least 4 years. We report crude prevalence of overweight and obesity, indicated by gender and ethnicity-specific body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) cut-offs, by lifestyle and biomedical characteristics, as well as age and sex-adjusted odds ratios...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101397/gut-dysbiosis-and-impairment-of-immune-system-homeostasis-in-perinatally-exposed-mice-to-bisphenol-a-precede-obese-phenotype-development
#17
Yann Malaisé, Sandrine Menard, Christel Cartier, Eric Gaultier, Frédéric Lasserre, Corinne Lencina, Cherryl Harkat, Nancy Geoffre, Laïla Lakhal, Isabelle Castan, Maïwenn Olier, Eric Houdeau, Laurence Guzylack-Piriou
Epidemiology evidenced the Bisphenol A (BPA), a chemical found in daily consumer products, as an environmental contributor to obesity and type II diabetes (T2D) in Humans. However, the BPA-mediated effects supporting these metabolic disorders are still unknown. Knowing that obesity and T2D are associated with low-grade inflammation and gut dysbiosis, we performed a longitudinal study in mice to determine the sequential adverse effects of BPA on immune system and intestinal microbiota that could contribute to the development of metabolic disorders...
November 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055405/traumatic-brain-injury-diabetic-neuropathy-and-altered-psychiatric-health-the-fateful-triangle
#18
Hadi Abou-El-Hassan, Batoul Dia, Khalil Choucair, Stephanie A Eid, Farah Najdi, Lama Baki, Farid Talih, Assaad A Eid, Firas Kobeissy
Traumatic brain injury is a detrimental medical condition particularly when accompanied by diabetes. There are several comorbidities going along with diabetes including, but not limited to, kidney failure, obesity, coronary artery disease, peripheral vascular disease, hypertension, stroke, neuropathies and amputations. Unlike diabetes type 1, diabetes type 2 is more common in adults who simultaneously suffer from other comorbid conditions making them susceptible to repetitive fall incidents and sustaining head trauma...
October 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032321/acne-in-late-adolescence-is-not-associated-with-a-raised-risk-of-subsequent-malignant-melanoma-among-men
#19
Teresa Mota Garcia, Ayako Hiyoshi, Ruzan Udumyan, Hugo Sjöqvist, Katja Fall, Scott Montgomery
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the association of acne in late adolescence with the risk for subsequent malignant melanoma (MM) in men. METHODS: Swedish register-based cohort study of 242,096 males born between 1952 and 1956, who took part in compulsory assessments for Swedish military conscription in late adolescence between 1969 and 1975, with subsequent diagnoses of MM (n=1,058) up to December 31, 2009. Covariates included measures of childhood circumstances and information from adolescence on presence of acne, physical fitness, cognitive function, body mass index (BMI), and a summary of diagnoses...
October 12, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977377/fnih-defined-sarcopenia-predicts-adverse-outcomes-among-community-dwelling-older-people-in-taiwan-results-from-i-lan-longitudinal-aging-study
#20
Ting-Ching Tang, An-Chun Hwang, Li-Kuo Liu, Wei-Ju Lee, Liang-Yu Chen, Yi-Hui Wu, Chung-Yu Huang, Cheng-Hao Hung, Chih-Jen Wang, Ming-Hsien Lin, Li-Ning Peng, Liang-Kung Chen
Background: To evaluate the predictive validity of sarcopenia defined by the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health (FNIH) Sarcopenia Project among Asian older adults. Methods: Data of the I-Lan Longitudinal Aging Study were obtained for analysis. Overall, 1,839 community-dwelling people aged 50 years and older, capable of completing a 6-m walk, with life expectancy of more than 6 months, and not institutionalized at time of data collection were enrolled for study...
July 25, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
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