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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228425/prebiotic-supplementation-improves-appetite-control-in-children-with-overweight-and-obesity-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Megan P Hume, Alissa C Nicolucci, Raylene A Reimer
Background: Prebiotics have been shown to improve satiety in adults with overweight and obesity; however, studies in children are limited.Objective: We examined the effects of prebiotic supplementation on appetite control and energy intake in children with overweight and obesity.Design: This study was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Forty-two boys and girls, ages 7-12 y, with a body mass index (BMI) of ≥85th percentile were randomly assigned to 8 g oligofructose-enriched inulin/d or placebo (maltodextrin) for 16 wk...
February 22, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215267/a-community-based-study-of-risk-factors-for-probable-rapid-eye-movement-sleep-behavior-disorder
#2
Jian-Fang Ma, Yuan Qiao, Xiang Gao, Liang Liang, Xiao-Li Liu, Dun-Hui Li, Hui-Dong Tang, Sheng-Di Chen
OBJECTIVES: To cross-sectionally explore the potential risk factors for rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD) in a community cohort in Shanghai. METHODS: Based on the validated RBD screening questionnaire (RBDSQ), we identified individuals with probable RBD (pRBD) in 3635 community-dwelling residents (≥50 years old) from an urban community of Shanghai. Potential risk factors of pRBD, including age, sex, smoking, socioeconomic status, obesity, consumption of tea (surrogate for caffeine intake) and alcohol, medications and chronic disease status, were assessed via questionnaire...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188053/exposure-of-portuguese-children-to-the-novel-non-phthalate-plasticizer-di-iso-nonyl-cyclohexane-1-2-dicarboxylate-dinch
#3
Luísa Correia-Sá, André Schütze, Sónia Norberto, Conceição Calhau, Valentina F Domingues, Holger M Koch
Di-(iso-nonyl)-cyclohexane-1,2-dicarboxylate (DINCH) is used as substitute for high molecular weight phthalate plasticizers such as di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) and di-(iso-nonyl) phthalate (DINP). Due to a rapid substitution process, we must assume omnipresent and increasing DINCH exposures. The aim of this study was to evaluate DINCH exposure in 112 children (4-18years old) from Portugal, divided in two groups: 1) normal-/underweight following the usual diet; and 2) obese/overweight but under strict nutritional guidance...
February 7, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185600/health-and-lifestyle-factors-associated-with-sexual-difficulties-in-men-results-from-a-study-of-australian-men-aged-18-to-55%C3%A2-years
#4
Marisa Schlichthorst, Lena A Sanci, Jane S Hocking
BACKGROUND: Sexual difficulties (SD) are common among men of all ages and can have considerable impact on quality of life and indications for future health. SD are associated with mental and physical wellbeing and with relationship satisfaction, yet they are rarely discussed with medical professionals who are often ill equipped to assess and manage them. This paper provides an updated overview on the status of SD in Australian men from 18 to 55 years of age and will form a baseline comparison for future analyses of SD based on Ten to Men data...
October 31, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184327/the-effects-of-monosodium-glutamate-and-tannic-acid-on-adult-rats
#5
Ibrahim Ugur Calis, Didem Turgut Cosan, Faruk Saydam, Umut Kerem Kolac, Ahu Soyocak, Hulyam Kurt, Hasan Veysi Gunes, Varol Sahinturk, Fezan Sahin Mutlu, Zeynep Ozdemir Koroglu, Irfan Degirmenci
BACKGROUND: Monosodium glutamate (MSG) is a widely-used flavor enhancer and stabilizer in ready-made or packaged foods. The excessive use of MSG has been shown to increase oxidative stress in different organ systems and causes glucose metabolism disorders, obesity, and coronary diseases. OBJECTIVES: In this study, the antioxidant activity of tannic acid was investigated experimentally with respect to its protective effects against overdosed MSG-induced oxidative stress in rats...
October 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132954/dietary-magnesium-intake-alters-age-related-changes-in-rat-adipose-tissue-cellularity
#6
Sylvie Devaux, Markus Adrian, Pascal Laurant, Alain Berthelot, Annie Quignard-Boulangé
Obesity and related metabolic diseases are associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. We have previously shown the beneficial effects of dietary magnesium (Mg) supplementation on cardiovascular disease in rats. Therefore, we aimed to examine the effect of an Mg-deficient or supplemented diet on adipose tissue cellularity changes during aging, and on blood pressure (BP), in rats. Male rats received for one (young adult) or 22 months (old), an Mg-deficient (Def) (150 mg/kg), standard (Std) (800 mg/kg) or Mg-supplemented (Sup) (3200 mg/kg) diet...
April 1, 2016: Magnesium Research: Official Organ of the International Society for the Development of Research on Magnesium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132392/determinants-of-volumetric-breast-density-in-chilean-premenopausal-women
#7
Ana Pereira, Maria Luisa Garmendia, Ricardo Uauy, Paulina Neira, Sandra Lopez-Arana, Serghei Malkov, John Shepherd
PURPOSE: High mammographic breast density (BD) is a strong risk factor of breast cancer; however, little is known in women under 40 years of age. Recently, dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) has been developed as a low-dose method to measure BD in young populations. Thus, our aims were to describe BD in relation to risk factors in Chilean women under 40 years old and to explore the equivalence of DXA to mammography for the measurement of BD. METHODS: We selected 192 premenopausal Chilean female participants of the DERCAM study for whom we have anthropometric, sociodemographic, and gyneco-obstetric data...
January 28, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120145/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-individual-components-among-midwestern-university-students
#8
Najat Yahia, Carrie A Brown, Ericka Snyder, Stephanie Cumper, Andrea Langolf, Chelsey Trayer, Chelsea Green
Michigan has the 17th highest adult obesity rate in the United States. Among college-aged adults between 18 and 25 years old, the rate of obesity was 11.6%. Obesity is a key precedent for the development of metabolic syndrome. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its individual components among a sample of students at Central Michigan University. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 462 students, aged 18-25 years, in Spring 2015 and Fall/Spring 2016 semesters...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103183/association-between-parent-television-viewing-practices-and-setting-rules-to-limit-the-television-viewing-time-of-their-8-to-12-year-old-children-minnesota-2011-2015
#9
Martha Y Kubik, Olga V Gurvich, Jayne A Fulkerson
INTRODUCTION: Television (TV) viewing is popular among adults and children, and child TV-viewing time is positively associated with parent TV-viewing time. Efforts to limit the TV-viewing time of children typically target parent rule-setting. However, little is known about the association between parent TV-viewing practices and rule-setting. METHODS: We used baseline height and weight data and survey data collected from 2011 through 2015 on parents and their 8- to 12-year-old children (N = 212 parent/child dyads) who were participants in 2 community-based obesity prevention intervention trials conducted in metropolitan Minnesota...
January 19, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095137/diabetes-mellitus-and-obesity-in-the-french-caribbean-a-special-vulnerability-for-women
#10
Philippe Carrère, Cédric Fagour, Dan Sportouch, Franciane Gane-Troplent, Jeannie Hélène-Pelage, Thierry Lang, Jocelyn Inamo
The objective of this study was to analyze the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of diabetes and its risk factors among French Caribbean adults. This cross-sectional study included 18-74-year-olds (N = 2252; 56.5% women) who underwent a heath examination in Guadeloupe during July-December 2014. Diabetes was defined as using antidiabetic treatment, or fasting glucose ≥7 mmol/l, and HbA1c ≥6.5%; diabetes control was defined as HbA1c <7%. Multilevel logistic regression was used. Diabetes prevalence was 8...
January 17, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087414/consumption-of-low-calorie-sweeteners-among-children-and-adults-in-the-united-states
#11
Allison C Sylvetsky, Yichen Jin, Elena J Clark, Jean A Welsh, Kristina I Rother, Sameera A Talegawkar
BACKGROUND: Consumption of low-calorie sweeteners (LCSs) has increased markedly during the past several decades, yet the prevalence of LCS consumption in recent years is currently unknown. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe LCS consumption in the United States and to characterize consumption by sociodemographic subgroups, source, frequency, eating occasion, and location. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data from 2009 to 2012...
January 6, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086848/using-intervention-mapping-to-develop-the-parents-as-agents-of-change-pac-%C3%A2-intervention-for-managing-pediatric-obesity
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Geoff D C Ball, Aislin R Mushquash, Rachel A Keaschuk, Kathryn A Ambler, Amanda S Newton
BACKGROUND: Pediatric obesity has become increasingly prevalent over recent decades. In view of the psychosocial and physical health risks, and the high likelihood that children with obesity will grow to become adults with obesity, there is a clear need to develop evidence-based interventions that can be delivered in the health care system to optimize the health and well-being of children with obesity and their families. The aim of this paper is to describe the development, implementation, and planned evaluation of a parent-based weight management intervention designed for parents of 8-12 year olds with obesity...
January 13, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077733/identification-of-potential-plasma-biomarkers-for-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-by-integrating-transcriptomics-and-proteomics-in-laying-hens
#13
Meng-Tsz Tsai, Yu-Jen Chen, Ching-Yi Chen, Mong-Hsun Tsai, Chia-Li Han, Yu-Ju Chen, Harry J Mersmann, Shih-Torng Ding
BACKGROUND: Prevalent worldwide obesity is associated with increased incidence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and metabolic syndrome. The identification of noninvasive biomarkers for NAFLD is of recent interest. Because primary de novo lipogenesis occurs in chicken liver as in human liver, adult chickens with age-associated steatosis resembling human NAFLD is an appealing animal model. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to screen potential biomarkers in the chicken model for NAFLD by transcriptomic and proteomic analysis...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067456/type-2-diabetes-mellitus-associated-with-the-interaction-of-lrp5-polymorphism-and-overweight-and-obesity-in-rural-chinese-adults
#14
Zhang Lu, Wang Jinjin, Zhang Ming, Wang Guo'an, Shen Yanxia, Wu Dongting, Wang Chongjian, Li Linlin, Ren Yongcheng, Wang Bingyuan, Zhang Hongyan, Yang Xiangyu, Zhao Yang, Han Chengyi, Zhou Junmei, Pang Chao, Yin Lei, Zhao Jingzhi, Luo Xinping, Hu Dongsheng
BACKGROUND: Low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 (LRP5) plays an important role in glucose and cholesterol metabolism, so a cohort study was used to evaluate the association of LRP5 variants and incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in a rural adult Chinese population. METHODS: A total of 7751 subjects ≥18 years old and without T2DM underwent genotyping at baseline; 6326 subjects (81.62%) were followed-up, with 5511 eligible for this analysis...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065772/multimorbidity-in-middle-aged-adults-with-cerebral-palsy
#15
Nicole Cremer, Edward A Hurvitz, Mark D Peterson
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with cerebral palsy have less lean body mass, greater relative adiposity, and lower fitness and physical activity participation, and yet the prevalence of age-related multimorbidity in this population has yet to be established. The study objective was to examine the prevalence of lifestyle-related chronic conditions and multimorbidity in a sample of middle-aged adults with cerebral palsy. METHODS: A clinic-based sample of middle-aged adults with cerebral palsy was examined using Electronic Medical Records Search Engine software...
January 5, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051940/a-maternal-low-fiber-diet-predisposes-offspring-to-improved-metabolic-phenotypes-in-adulthood-in-an-herbivorous-rodent
#16
Xue-Ying Zhang, Mei-Fang Lou, Wei Shen, Rong-Shu Fu, De-Hua Wang
The maternal or paternal dietary composition can have important effects on various aspects of their offspring's physiology. Studies from animal models and humans showed that a maternal high-fiber diet protected offspring against fat accumulation. However, little is known about how a maternal low-fiber diet modifies the metabolism of offspring in herbivorous rodents. We hypothesized that a maternal low-fiber diet would confer long-lasting beneficial effects on offspring metabolic phenotypes in herbivorous Brandt's vole (Lasiopodomys brandtii)...
January 2017: Physiological and Biochemical Zoology: PBZ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028525/is-there-any-relationship-between-different-phenotypes-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-cardiovascular-mortality-rate
#17
Alireza Khosravi, Sareh Ahmadzadeh, Mojgan Gharipour, Jafar Golshahi, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Mahnaz Jozan, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to focus on different phenotypes of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and their impact on the cardiovascular disease (CVD) events among a sample of the Iranian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Isfahan cohort study is a population-based, on-going longitudinal study of adults aged 35 years old or more, living in urban and rural areas of three counties in central Iran namely Isfahan, Najafabad and Arak. Participants were selected by multistage random sampling and were recruited to reflect the age, sex and urban/rural distribution of the community...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027634/dietary-optimisation-with-omega-3-and-omega-6-fatty-acids-for-12-23-month-old-overweight-and-obese-children-in-urban-jakarta
#18
Fitrianna Cahyaningrum, Inge Permadhi, Muhammad Ridwan Ansari, Erfi Prafiantini, Purnawati Hustina Rachman, Rina Agustina
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Diets with a specific omega-6/omega-3 fatty acid ratio have been reported to have favourable effects in controlling obesity in adults. However, development a local-based diet by considering the ratio of these fatty acids for improving the nutritional status of overweight and obese children is lacking. Therefore, using linear programming, we developed an affordable optimised diet focusing on the ratio of omega- 6/omega-3 fatty acid intake for obese children aged 12-23 months...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024832/increased-waist-circumference-is-the-main-driver-for-the-development-of-the-metabolic-syndrome-in-south-african-asian-indians
#19
Rosaley Prakaschandra, Datshana P Naidoo
: There is no current evidence available on the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in South African Asian Indians, who are at high risk for cardiovascular disease. The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence of the MetS in this group, between males and females, as well as in the different age-groups, using the harmonised criteria and determined the main components driving the development of MetS. DESIGN AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study recruited randomly selected community participants between the ages of 15 and 65 years, in the community of Phoenix, in KwaZulu-Natal...
December 15, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017525/waist-circumference-and-waist-height-ratio-percentiles-using-lms-method-in-chilean-population
#20
P Lopez-Legarrea, J Garcia-Rubio, F Oviedo-Silva, D Collado-Mateo, E Merellano-Navarro, P R Olivares
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The concern over the weight gain problem continues to grow among both the international scientific community and public health authorities, since overweight and obesity prevalence rates continue to increase worldwide. In Chile, two out of three people are overweight, whereas 25% of the adult population is obese. Abdominal fat, has been linked to the development of a number of metabolic disorders. Waist circumference (WC) and the waist:height ratio (WHtR) have recently been evidenced as good predictors of metabolic risk for both adults and children...
September 28, 2016: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
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