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old adults obesity

Seo Ah Hong, Karl Peltzer, Kyi Tun Lwin, La Seng Aung
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence of underweight and overweight or obesity and their socio-demographic and lifestyle factors in a female adult population in Myanmar. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a national cross-sectional population-based survey in the 2015-16 Myanmar Demographic and Health Survey, 12,160 women aged 18-49 years and not currently pregnant completed questionnaires and anthropometric measurements. Nutritional status was determined using Asian body mass index cut-offs: underweight (BMI<18...
2018: PloS One
Edward W Gregg, Ji Lin, Barbara Bardenheier, Haiying Chen, W Jack Rejeski, Xiaohui Zhuo, Andrea L Hergenroeder, Stephen B Kritchevsky, Anne L Peters, Lynne E Wagenknecht, Edward H Ip, Mark A Espeland
OBJECTIVE: The impact of weight loss intervention on disability-free life expectancy in adults with diabetes is unknown. We examined the impact of a long-term weight loss intervention on years spent with and without physical disability. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Overweight or obese adults with type 2 diabetes age 45-76 years ( n = 5,145) were randomly assigned to a 10-year intensive lifestyle intervention (ILI) or diabetes support and education (DSE). Physical function was assessed annually for 12 years using the SF-36...
March 15, 2018: Diabetes Care
Olivia Farrer, Alison Yaxley, Karen Walton, Michelle Miller
AIM: The prevalence of diabetes in older adults in residential aged care (RAC) is twice that of community dwelling older adults. Older adults with diabetes have been highlighted as being at high risk of frailty and malnutrition, particularly when managed on a therapeutic diet. However, assumptions may be based on clinical presentation of our oldest old which may be at conflict with the clinical presentation of younger older adults. The aim of this retrospective audit was to identify the characteristics of aged care residents with diabetes, their comorbidities and malnutrition risk...
March 15, 2018: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
Dawn M Holman, Helen Ding, Gery P Guy, Meg Watson, Anne M Hartman, Frank M Perna
Importance: Monitoring sun protection and sunburn over time at the population level can provide valuable information about progress toward skin cancer prevention goals and inform future intervention efforts. Objective: To examine the prevalence of sun protection use (shade, sunscreen, and clothing) and sunburn and the association between sunburn and individual characteristics and health behaviors in the US population. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this cross-sectional study using a nationally representative sample of 31 162 US adults from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey-Cancer Control Supplement, household interviews of civilian, noninstitutionalized US adults were conducted throughout 2015 in person and completed on the telephone when necessary...
March 14, 2018: JAMA Dermatology
Itsuko Miyazawa, Aya Kadota, Katsuyuki Miura, Motozumi Okamoto, Takashi Nakamura, Tsuyoshi Ikai, Hiroshi Maegawa, Atsushi Ohnishi
The prevalence of obesity is increasing globally in patients with diabetes. This study aimed to examine 12-year trends of increasing obesity in Japanese patients with diabetes, and their clinical features. The study used results of the Shiga Diabetes Clinical Survey, which recorded medical performance in diabetic patients in 2000, 2006 and 2012. Data were analyzed from 14,205, 14,407 and 21,449 adult patients in these three years, respectively. Overweight and obesity prevalence and the clinical features of diabetes patients were examined, stratified by body mass index (BMI) and age...
March 10, 2018: Endocrine Journal
Joana Mendes, Nuno Borges, Alejandro Santos, Patrícia Padrão, Pedro Moreira, Cláudia Afonso, Rita Negrão, Teresa F Amaral
The association between nutritional status and gait speed remains unclear. This study described gait speed in older adults and quantified the association between overweight, obesity, undernutrition risk and gait speed. Gait speed as potential indicator of nutritional outcomes was also explored. A cross-sectional analysis was conducted in a population-based sample of 1,500 older adults ≥65 years old. Compared to "normal body mass index" women, odds ratio for a slow gait speed was approximately 2-fold higher in"overweight", 4-fold higher in "obese" and 6-fold higher in women at "undernutrition risk"...
March 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
Bernardo Ng, Alvaro Camacho, Katherine Parra, Ricardo de la Espriella, Victor Rico, Severiano Lozano, Mirna Troncoso, Ruby C Castilla-Puentes, Benjamin L Cook, Daniel E Jimenez
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to examine the association of country of residence with body mass index (BMI) between Mexican and Colombian patients exposed to antipsychotics. We hypothesize that there will be a significant association between country of residence and BMI and that Mexican patients will have higher BMI than their Colombian counterparts. DESIGN: The International Study of Latinos on Antipsychotics (ISLA) is a multisite, international, cross sectional study of adult Latino patients exposed to antipsychotics in two Latin American Countries (i...
March 7, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
Katia Jakovljevic Pudla Wagner, João Luiz Dornelles Bastos, Albert Navarro, David Alejandro Gonzalez-Chica, Antonio Fernando Boing
OBJECTIVE To test whether there is an association between socioeconomic status in childhood and measures of body mass index, waist circumference and the presence of overall and abdominal obesity in adult life. METHODS A cross-sectional analysis of a population-based cohort study, including a sample of adults (22-63 years old) living in Florianópolis, Southern Brazil. The socioeconomic status in childhood was analyzed through the education level of the participant's parents. Height, weight and waist circumference were measured by previously trained interviewers...
2018: Revista de Saúde Pública
David Borrego, Erin M Lowe, Cari M Kitahara, Choonsik Lee
A PC Program for X ray Monte Carlo (PCXMC) has been used to calculate organ doses in patient dosimetry and for the exposure assessment in epidemiological studies of ra- diogenic health related risks. This study compared the dosimetry from using the built-in stylized phantoms in the PCXMC to that of a newer hybrid phantom library with improved anatomical realism. We simulated chest and abdominal x ray projections for 146 unique body size computational phantoms, 77 males and 69 females, with different combinations of height (125 - 180 cm) and weight (20 - 140 kg) using the built-in stylized phantoms in the PCXMC version 2...
February 21, 2018: Physics in Medicine and Biology
Maria Nikodemova, Jeremiah Yee, Patrick R Carney, Christopher A Bradfield, Kristen Mc Malecki
BACKGROUND: Obesity has been shown to alter response to air pollution and smoking but underlying biological mechanisms are largely unknown and few studies have explored mechanisms by which obesity increases human sensitivity to environmental exposures. OBJECTIVE: Overall study goals were to investigate whole blood gene expression in smokers and non-smokers to examine associations between cigarette smoke and changes in gene expression by obesity status and test for effect modification...
February 16, 2018: Environment International
Sowmya Krishnan, Michael P Anderson, David A Fields, Madhusmita Misra
AIM: To determine the effect of childhood obesity and insulin resistance on bone health. METHODS: We conducted a cross sectional study in pubertal adolescents and young adults 13-20 years old who were either overweight/obese or normal weight. Participants were Tanner 3 or above for pubertal stage, and had fasting blood work done to measure glucose, insulin, C-reactive protein and lipid levels. Homeostatic model of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) was calculated using the formula (Fasting Blood Glucose *Insulin/405)...
February 8, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
Trevor S Ferguson, Novie O M Younger-Coleman, Marshall K Tulloch-Reid, Nadia R Bennett, Amanda E Rousseau, Jennifer M Knight-Madden, Maureen E Samms-Vaughan, Deanna E Ashley, Rainford J Wilks
Background: Although several studies have identified risk factors for high blood pressure (BP), data from Afro-Caribbean populations are limited. Additionally, less is known about how putative risk factors operate in young adults and how social factors influence the risk of high BP. In this study, we estimated the relative risk for elevated BP or hypertension (EBP/HTN), defined as BP ≥ 120/80 mmHg, among young adults with putative cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in Jamaica and evaluated whether relative risks differed by sex...
2018: PeerJ
Jannine Bailey, Cristyn Davies, Timothy McCrossin, Michael Kiernan, Rachel Skinner, Katharine Steinbeck, Kumara Mendis
PURPOSE: Young adult males (YAMs) are understudied with respect to lifestyle interventions to address overweight and obesity in this group. This study reports on the participatory design of the structure and delivery of the Fit4YAMs text message-based lifestyle intervention for 18- to 25-year-old rural YAMs in Australia. METHODS: Two semi-structured focus group discussions were held with six overweight or obese YAMs. Sessions explored their preferences for the structure and delivery of a weight loss intervention...
March 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Mehrshad Abbasi, Mohamadreza Neishaboury, Jalil Koohpayehzadeh, Koorosh Etemad, Alipasha Meysamie, Fereshteh Asgari, Sina Noshad, Mohsen Afarideh, Alireza Ghajar, Morsaleh Ganji, Ali Rafei, Mostafa Mousavizadeh, Elias Khajeh, Behnam Heidari, Mohammad Saadat, Manouchehr Nakhjavani, Alireza Esteghamati
BACKGROUND: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is one of the most common causes of mortality worldwide. The national prevalence remains unclear in most of the developing countries. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to estimate national prevalence of self-reported CHD and chronic stable angina pectoris in the general adult population of Iran using data from the fourth round of the Surveillance of Risk Factors of Non-Communicable Diseases (SuRFNCD-2011) survey. METHODS: The analysis comprised data of 11,867 civilian, nonhospitalized and noninstitutionalized residents ages 6 to 70 years of age...
February 9, 2018: Global Heart
Z P Zhao, Y C Li, L M Wang, M Zhang, Z J Huang, X Zhang, C Li, Q Deng, M G Zhou
Objective: To investigate the geographical variation of prediabetes in adults in different regions of China, and to analyze the related factors of prediabetes. Methods: Data was obtained from China Chronic Disease and Related Risk Factor Surveillance in 2013. The surveillance adopted multiple-stage stratified cluster random sampling method, which sampled 177 099 residents aged above 18 years old among 298 surveillance points in 31 provinces of Chinese Mainland. Questionnaire interview was used to obtain demographic variables, personal living style, and socio-economical information...
February 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
M Zhang, L M Wang, Z H Chen, Z P Zhao, Y C Li, Q Deng, Z J Huang, X Zhang, C Li, M G Zhou, L H Wang
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of hypercholesterolemia among Chinese adults in different geographic areas, and to analyze the related factors. Methods: China Chronic and Non-Communicable Disease and Risk Factor Surveillance was conducted in 2013, based on 298 counties/districts in 31 provinces of Chinese mainland. The adults aged 18 years old were randomly selected using multi-stage stratified clustering sampling method. Information on chronic disease and risk factors was collected using face-to-face questionnaire interview and physical measurement...
February 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
Tsuguo Nishijima, Tetsuya Kizawa, Keisuke Hosokawa, Fumiyo Endo, Yoshihiko Kasai, Yoshihiro Yamashiro, Shigeu Sakurai
BACKGROUND: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), especially obstructive sleep apnea disorder (OSA), is thought to mainly affect men over the age of 40. Following findings that Asian people are more likely to experience severe OSA, regardless of obesity, we investigated the prevalence of SDB and OSA in a larger sample and in more younger age groups than those described in previous reports. METHODS: Between 2011 and 2016, 487 medical students (358 males, mean age 24...
January 2018: Sleep Medicine
Maryam Haddadzadeh Shoshtari, Hossein Tahmasbian Malayeri, Hadi Shahrad Bejestani
Introduction: According to the reports of the United States National Bureau of Statistics regarding the prevalence of obesity among adults and children and also asthma outbreak, the relationship between asthma and obesity in developed countries is taken into consideration. Aim: Relationship between body mass index and increased airway reactivity based on methacholine challenge test results. Material and methods: It was a retrospective cross-sectional study done on 256 patients who were referred to the lung clinic of the Imam Khomeini Hospital of Ahvaz with symptoms of hypersensitivity of the airways...
December 2017: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
Araceli Alegría-Díaz, Rafael Valdez-Ortiz, Miguel Murguía-Romero, Rafael Jiménez-Flores, Rafael Villalobos-Molina, Srinivas Mummidi, Ravindranth Duggirala, Juan C López-Alvarenga, Monserrat Pérez-Navarro
BACKGROUND: High serum uric acid concentration (SUA >6 for women [W] or 7 mg/dL for men [M]) in adults is an independent risk factor for causing cardiovascular disease and chronic kidney disease (CKD); the risk of high SUA in young population is still being debated. SUMMARY: We conducted an epidemiological study to determine the association between SUA quartiles with cardiometabolic risk factors (CRF) and renal impairment in apparently healthy young adults. CRF (dyslipidemia, overweight [Ow], obesity [Ob], blood pressure [BP], hyperglycemia, insulin resistance [IR]) and renal impairment were defined as glomerular filtration rate (GFR) by CKD-Epidemiology Collaboration formula >130/120, <90 mL/min/1...
2018: Contributions to Nephrology
Meera Sreedhara, Valerie J Silfee, Milagros C Rosal, Molly E Waring, Stephenie C Lemon
Background: Regular physical activity (PA) lowers the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), but few US adults meet PA guidelines. The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends primary care providers offer PA counselling for CVD prevention. We examined the association between adherence to PA guidelines and reported provider advice to increase PA among US adults with overweight/obesity and ≥1 additional CVD risk factor. Methods: Cross-sectional data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2011-2014) on PA and provider advice to increase PA were analysed for 4158 adults (≥20 years old) with overweight/obesity who reported ≥1 of hypertension, high cholesterol or impaired fasting glucose...
January 30, 2018: Family Practice
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