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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934175/the-role-of-body-adiposity-index-in-determining-body-fat-percentage-in-colombian-adults-with-overweight-or-obesity
#1
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Katherine González-Ruíz, Alejandra Tordecilla-Sanders, Antonio García-Hermoso, Jacqueline Schmidt-RioValle, Emilio González-Jiménez
The aim of this study is to investigate the accuracy of body adiposity index (BAI) as a convenient tool for assessing body fat percentage (BF%) in a sample of adults with overweight/obesity using bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). The study population was composed of 96 volunteers (60% female, mean age 40.6 ± 7.5 years old). Anthropometric characteristics (body mass index, height, waist-to-height ratio, hip and waist circumference), socioeconomic status, and diet were assessed, and BF% was measured by BIA-BF% and by BAI-BF%...
September 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932747/the-risk-factors-of-high-blood-pressure-among-young-adults-in-the-tujia-nationality-settlement-of-china
#2
Xiaoli Liu, Zheng Xiang, Xiangrong Shi, Hannah Schenck, Xinfeng Yi, Rong Ni, Chaoneng Liu
Demographics questionnaires, and fitness tests were utilized to identify the risk factors of hypertension among younger adults in the years 2005, 2010, and 2014 in China's southwest province of Hubei. The results demonstrated that the prevalence of hypertension was higher between 2011 and 2014 among the young people in this area. The main risk factors of developing hypertension were found to be sex (as man), individuals over 40 years old, blue collar employees who worked in rural areas, overweight/obesity, and those with the low CRF...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923047/prepubertal-onset-of-slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis-associated-with-hypothyroidism-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Saori Kadowaki, Tomohiro Hori, Hideki Matsumoto, Kaori Kanda, Michio Ozeki, Yu Shirakami, Norio Kawamoto, Hidenori Ohnishi, Toshiyuki Fukao
BACKGROUND: Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is a common hip disorder characterized by displacement of the capital femoral epiphysis from the metaphysic through the femoral epiphyseal plate. SCFE usually occurs during puberty, with obesity a common risk factor. We experienced a rare case of SCFE associated with hypothyroidism in a prepubescent patient who was not obese. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient was an 8-year-old boy suffering from bilateral SCFE with hypothyroidism...
September 18, 2017: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906485/weight-status-cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-high-blood-pressure-relationship-among-5-12-year-old-chinese-primary-school-children
#4
W J Liu, L H Xiong, C S Guo, B Li, M Pallan, T Griffin, K K Cheng, P Adab
Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and adiposity contribute to high blood pressure (HBP) in adults and children. However, their relative importance as risk factors is unknown. We examined the relationships between weight status, CRF and HBP among Chinese primary school children. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 4926 school children aged 5-12 years. CRF was estimated from a modified Cooper test, body mass index z-scores and weight categories were calculated from objective height and weight measurements and BP was measured using an electronic sphygmomanometer...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899857/high-fat-high-fructose-high-cholesterol-feeding-causes-severe-nash-and-cecal-microbiota-dysbiosis-in-juvenile-ossabaw-swine
#5
Matthew R Panasevich, Grace M Meers, Melissa A Linden, Frank W Booth, James W Perfield, Kevin L Fritsche, Umesh D Wankhade, Sree V Chintapalli, Kartik Shankar, J A Ibdah, R Scott Rector
Pediatric obesity and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) are on the rise in industrialized countries, yet our ability to mechanistically examine this relationship is limited by the lack of a suitable higher animal model. Here, we examined the effects of high fat, high fructose corn syrup, high cholesterol Western style diet (WD)-induced obesity on NASH and cecal microbiota dysbiosis in juvenile Ossabaw swine. Juvenile female Ossabaw swine (5 weeks old) were fed WD (43.0% fat; 17.8% high fructose corn syrup; 2% cholesterol) or low-fat diet (CON/lean; 10...
September 12, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899367/is-economic-environment-associated-with-the-physical-activity-levels-and-obesity-in-chinese-adults-a-cross-sectional-study-of-30-regions-in-china
#6
Mei Wang, Xu Wen, Yanfeng Zhang, Chongmin Jiang, Fubaihui Wang
BACKGROUND: Based on the 2014 survey of physical activity and physical fitness data of 20 - 69 year old Chinese, this study aims to investigate the relationship between economic development and people's physical activity in China. METHODS: A total of 43,389 adults from 30 different regions in mainland China were recruited. The GDP per capita of the 30 regions were determined based on the 2013 annual statistical report released by the national bureau of statistics of China and provincial level statistics bureaus...
September 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898562/skipping-breakfast-among-australian-children-and-adolescents-findings-from-the-2011-12-national-nutrition-and-physical-activity-survey
#7
Kylie J Smith, Monique C Breslin, Sarah A McNaughton, Seana L Gall, Leigh Blizzard, Alison J Venn
OBJECTIVE: Skipping breakfast has been linked with poor diet quality, higher BMI and adverse cardiometabolic outcomes. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and correlates of skipping breakfast among Australian children and adolescents. METHODS: A total of 1,592 2-17-year-olds completed two 24-hour recalls, collected via face-to-face and telephone interview, in the 2011-12 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey. Breakfast was an eating occasion of ≥210kJ named as 'breakfast' by the participant...
September 12, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894704/appropriate-body-mass-index-and-waist-hip-ratio-cutoff-points-for-overweight-and-obesity-in-adults-of-northeast-china
#8
Qiong Yu, Bo Pang, Rui Liu, Wenwang Rao, Shangchao Zhang, Yaqin Yu
BACKGROUND: The current overweight and obesity guidelines based on the Westerners are not consistent with many studies based on the Asians. The guidelines may be different because of regional diversity. This study aimed to determine the appropriate body mass index (BMI) and waist-hip ratio (WHR) cutoff points in the adults of Northeast China. METHODS: Overall, 21206 adults were selected from Jilin Province Adult Chronic Disease and Risk Factor Survey conducted in 2012...
August 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885553/deviation-of-chinese-adults-diet-from-the-chinese-food-pagoda-2016-and-its-association-with-adiposity
#9
Xu Tian, Yingying Huang, Hui Wang
Changing diet in China contributes to a raising prevalence of overweight and obesity. This study aimed to evaluate the dietary status of Chinese adults (20-59 years old) using the China Food Pagoda (CFP) proposed in the Chinese Dietary Guidelines 2016 (CDG), and investigate the association between adiposity and deviation of real diet from CFP using an ordered logistic regression. Results showed that the consumption of fruits, eggs, meat, and poultry increased significantly during 2004-2011, while the consumption of cereal, potatoes, and beans dropped down significantly during the same period (all p < 0...
September 8, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877254/prevalence-awareness-treatment-and-control-of-diabetes-and-impaired-fasting-glucose-in-the-southern-cone-of-latin-america
#10
Vilma Irazola, Adolfo Rubinstein, Lydia Bazzano, Matias Calandrelli, Chen Chung-Shiuan, Natalia Elorriaga, Laura Gutierrez, Fernando Lanas, Jose A Manfredi, Nora Mores, Hector Olivera, Rosana Poggio, Jacqueline Ponzo, Pamela Seron, Jiang He
AIMS: To determine the prevalence, treatment and control of diabetes mellitus (DM) and impaired fasting glucose (IFG) as well as associated factors in the adult population of four cities of the Southern Cone of Latin America (SCLA). METHODS: This is a cross-sectional population-based study that included 7407 adults between 35 and 74 years old in four cities of the SCLA: Temuco (Chile), Marcos Paz and Bariloche (Argentina), and Pando-Barros Blancos (Uruguay). DM was defined as fasting plasma glucose ≥126 mg/dL or self-reported history of diabetes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874333/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-erectile-dysfunction-in-chinese-adult-males
#11
Xinyu Zhang, Bin Yang, Ni Li, Hongjun Li
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of nationwide epidemiologic survey data on the prevalence estimate of erectile dysfunction (ED) in Chinese men living on the mainland China. AIM: To attain the representative prevalence estimate of ED in the Chinese male population and to analyze potential risk factors associated with ED by demographics, socioeconomic status, and medical comorbidities. METHODS: The study was community based. The five-item Internation Index of Erectile Function questionnaire and in-person interview were used to obtain data...
September 2, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866802/effects-of-a-high-fat-diet-on-adipose-tissue-cd8-t-cells-in-young-vs-adult-mice
#12
Lijun Dong, Yao Zhang, Li Yang, Guoyan Liu, Jianping Ye, Hui Wang
T cells are involved in chronic inflammation of adipose tissue in obese conditions. However, the impact of age on the adipose T cells remains unknown. In this study, we investigated T cells in the white adipose tissue of young and adult mice. Obesity was induced in the mice using a high-fat diet (HFD) for 14 weeks. The young mice were fed an HFD at 3 weeks old, and adult mice were fed the HFD at 12 weeks old. Relative to adult mice, the young mice gained less fat and exhibited better glucose tolerance. Their adipose tissue contained more CD8+ T cells and higher levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines...
September 2, 2017: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860877/maintenance-of-the-paraspinal-muscles-may-protect-against-radiographic-knee-osteoarthritis
#13
Koichiro Azuma, Yasushi Sera, Takuma Shinjo, Michiyo Takayama, Eisuke Shiomi, Suketaka Momoshima, Yasushi Iwao, Hiroyuki Ishida, Hideo Matsumoto
BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is an increasing health problem worldwide. So far, only obesity and quadriceps weakness are identified as modifiable risk factors for knee OA. Core muscle strengthening is becoming increasingly popular among older adults because of its ability to enhance the activities of daily living during old age. This study investigated the associations of the size and quality of the abdominal trunk muscles with radiographic knee osteoarthritis (RKOA). METHODS: From 2012 to 2016, data were collected from 146 males and 135 females (age 63...
2017: Open Access Rheumatology: Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854721/chronic-combined-hyperandrogenemia-and-western-style-diet-in-young-female-rhesus-macaques-causes-greater-metabolic-impairments-compared-to-either-treatment-alone
#14
C A True, D L Takahashi, S E Burns, E C Mishler, K R Bond, M C Wilcox, A R Calhoun, L A Bader, T A Dean, N D Ryan, O D Slayden, J L Cameron, R L Stouffer
STUDY QUESTION: Does developmental exposure to the combination of hyperandrogenemia and western-style diet (WSD) worsen adult metabolic function compared to either treatment alone? SUMMARY ANSWER: Young female rhesus macaques treated for 3 years, beginning at menarche, with combined testosterone (T) and WSD have increased weight gain and insulin resistance compared to controls and animals treated with either T or WSD alone. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Hyperandrogenemia is a well-established component of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and can be observed in peripubertal girls, indicating a potential pubertal onset of the disease...
September 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853029/effect-of-high-intensity-interval-training-on-fitness-fat-mass-and-cardiometabolic-biomarkers-in-children-with-obesity-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Katrin A Dias, Charlotte B Ingul, Arnt E Tjønna, Shelley E Keating, Sjaan R Gomersall, Turid Follestad, Mansoureh S Hosseini, Siri M Hollekim-Strand, Torstein B Ro, Margrete Haram, Else Marie Huuse, Peter S W Davies, Peter A Cain, Gary M Leong, Jeff S Coombes
BACKGROUND: Paediatric obesity significantly increases the risk of developing cardiometabolic diseases across the lifespan. Increasing cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) could mitigate this risk. High-intensity interval training (HIIT) improves CRF in clinical adult populations but the evidence in paediatric obesity is inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to determine the efficacy of a 12-week, HIIT intervention for increasing CRF and reducing adiposity in children with obesity...
August 29, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846730/role-of-amygdala-kisspeptin-in-pubertal-timing-in-female-rats
#16
Daniel A Adekunbi, Xiao Feng Li, Shengyun Li, Olufeyi A Adegoke, Bolanle O Iranloye, Ayodele O Morakinyo, Stafford L Lightman, Paul D Taylor, Lucilla Poston, Kevin T O'Byrne
To investigate the mechanism by which maternal obesity disrupts reproductive function in offspring, we examined Kiss1 expression in the hypothalamic arcuate (ARC) and anteroventral periventricular (AVPV) nuclei, and posterodorsal medial amygdala (MePD) of pre-pubertal and young adult offspring. Sprague-Dawley rats were fed either a standard or energy-dense diet for six weeks prior to mating and throughout pregnancy and lactation. Male and female offspring were weaned onto normal diet on postnatal day (pnd) 21...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835388/college-aged-males-experience-attenuated-sweet-and-salty-taste-with-modest-weight-gain
#17
Corinna A Noel, Patricia A Cassano, Robin Dando
Background: Human and animal studies report a blunted sense of taste in people who are overweight or obese, with heightened sensitivity also reported after weight loss. However, it is unknown if taste changes concurrently with weight gain.Objective: This study investigated the association of weight gain with changes in suprathreshold taste intensity perception in a free-living population of young adults.Methods: Taste response, anthropometric measures, and diet changes were assessed with a longitudinal study design in first-year college students 3 times throughout the academic year...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832275/association-between-obesity-and-chronic-kidney-disease-defined-by-both-glomerular-filtration-rate-and-albuminuria-in-korean-adults
#18
Yoon Ji Kim, Seun Deuk Hwang, Tae Jung Oh, Kyoung Min Kim, Hak Chul Jang, Heejin Kimm, Hyeon Chang Kim, Sun Ha Jee, Soo Lim
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has often been defined based on glomerular filtration rate (GFR) alone. The Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes guideline highlights albuminuria in the CKD definition. Thus, we investigated the association between obesity and CKD, as defined by both GFR and albuminuria, in Korean adults. METHODS: We used Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2014 data (N = 19,331, ≥19 years old) representing the national Korean population...
August 23, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819990/effects-of-maternal-high-fat-diet-and-sedentary-lifestyle-on-susceptibility-of-adult-offspring-to-ozone-exposure-in-rats
#19
C J Gordon, P M Phillips, A F M Johnstone, J Schmid, M C Schladweiler, A Ledbetter, S J Snow, U P Kodavanti
Epidemiological and experimental data suggest that obesity exacerbates the health effects of air pollutants such as ozone (O3). Maternal inactivity and calorically rich diets lead to offspring that show signs of obesity. Exacerbated O3 susceptibility of offspring could thus be manifested by maternal obesity. Thirty-day-old female Long-Evans rats were fed a control (CD) or high-fat (HF) (60% calories) diet for 6 wks and then bred. GD1 rats were then housed with a running wheel (RW) or without a wheel (SED) until parturition, creating four groups of offspring: CD-SED, CD-RW, HF-SED and HF-RW...
August 18, 2017: Inhalation Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814959/poor-sleep-is-highly-associated-with-house-dust-mite-allergic-rhinitis-in-adults-and-children
#20
Damien Leger, Bénédicte Bonnefoy, Bernard Pigearias, Bertrand de La Giclais, Antoine Chartier
BACKGROUND: Sleep disorders are often underreported to physicians by patients with allergies. This study aimed to characterize the sleep disorders associated with respiratory allergy to house dust mites (HDM) at the time of initiation of sublingual allergen immunotherapy (SLIT) in routine clinical practice. METHODS: This prospective, cross-sectional, observational study was conducted between November 2014 and March 2015 at 189 French trial sites and included 1750 participants suffering from HDM allergy who were initiating SLIT...
2017: Allergy, Asthma, and Clinical Immunology
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