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Diabetes adult compliance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873004/safety-and-efficacy-of-high-versus-standard-starting-doses-of-insulin-glargine-in-overweight-and-obese-chinese-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-inadequately-controlled-on-oral-antidiabetic-medications-beyond-vii-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled
#1
Linong Ji, Zhengnan Gao, Bimin Shi, Rongwen Bian, Fuzai Yin, Wuyan Pang, Hong Gao, Nan Cui
BACKGROUND: Treatment with basal insulin in Chinese populations is currently sub-optimal, with delayed initiation of insulin treatment and inadequate dose titration. Increasing the initial dose of insulin may be a practicable and effective solution to the problem of titration. A higher initial dose will be helpful for patients to achieve the blood glucose target and improve treatment satisfaction and compliance as well require fewer steps to titrate. Considering that overweight and obese patients usually require higher insulin doses because of insulin resistance, a higher initial dose of the basal insulin is feasible in overweight and obese patients with type 2 diabetes...
June 5, 2018: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861331/changing-the-conversation-diabetes-management-in-adults-with-severe-mental-illnesses-and-type-2-diabetes
#2
Yuliya Knyahnytska, Charmaine Williams, Craig Dale, Fiona Webster
OBJECTIVES: Diabetes is a leading cause of death and disability in Canada. The co-occurrence of mental illnesses and diabetes is well documented, with diabetes being 2 to 3 times more prevalent in individuals with mental illnesses when compared to the general population. In clinical practices, diabetes management practices continue to be based on the chronic disease model, which conceptualizes diabetes as a physiologic and behavioural deficiency; therefore, clinical and policy efforts are directed toward the enhancement of patient self-management techniques through compliance with pharmaceutical and lifestyle recommendations...
February 6, 2018: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766601/functional-high-intensity-exercise-training-ameliorates-insulin-resistance-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-type-2-diabetes
#3
Ciarán E Fealy, Stephan Nieuwoudt, Julie A Foucher, Amanda R Scelsi, Steve K Malin, Mangesh Pagadala, Lauren A Cruz, Miranda Li, Michael Rocco, Bartolome Burguera, John P Kirwan
AIM: Functional high intensity training (F-HIT) is a novel fitness paradigm that integrates simultaneous aerobic and resistance training in sets of constantly varied movements, based on real-world situational exercises, performed at high intensity in workouts that range from ∼8-20 min/session. We hypothesized that F-HIT would be an effective exercise mode for reducing insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: We recruited 13 overweight/obese adults (5 males, 8 females; 53 ± 7 years; BMI 34...
May 15, 2018: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716594/the-involvement-of-canadian-physicians-in-promoting-and-providing-unproven-and-unapproved-stem-cell-interventions
#4
Ubaka Ogbogu, Jenny Du, Yonida Koukio
BACKGROUND: Direct to consumer offerings of unproven stem cell interventions (SCIs) is a pressing scientific and policy issue. According to media reports, providers of SCIs have emerged in Canada. This study provides the first systematic scan of Canadian providers and associated trends and claims. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 15 websites retrieved from a Google™ keyword search. The websites were assessed by a rater using a peer-reviewed coding frame that queried treatment location, stem cell offerings, treatment claims, supporting evidence, and legal and regulatory compliance...
May 2, 2018: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574524/addressing-multimorbidity-and-polypharmacy-in-individuals-with-atrial-fibrillation
#5
REVIEW
Fahad Shaikh, Lachlan B Pasch, Phillip J Newton, Beata V Bajorek, Caleb Ferguson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The objectives of this review were to (1) discuss how multimorbidity and polypharmacy contributes to the complexity of management among individuals with AF and (2) identify any interventions to manage polypharmacy in relation to AF. RECENT FINDINGS: Based on the four landmark clinical trials of novel anticoagulants, the most common comorbidities with AF are hypertension, heart failure, diabetes, stroke and myocardial infarction. Polypharmacy was also found prevalent in 76...
March 24, 2018: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561173/evaluation-of-statin-eligibility-prescribing-practices-and-therapeutic-responses-using-atp-iii-acc-aha-and-nla-dyslipidemia-treatment-guidelines-in-a-large-urban-cohort-of-hiv-infected-outpatients
#6
Matthew E Levy, Alan E Greenberg, Manya Magnus, Naji Younes, Amanda Castel
Statin coverage has been examined among HIV-infected patients using Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP III) and American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guidelines, although not with newer National Lipid Association (NLA) guidelines. We investigated statin eligibility, prescribing practices, and therapeutic responses using these three guidelines. Sociodemographic, clinical, and laboratory data were collected between 2011 and 2016 for HIV-infected outpatients enrolled in the DC Cohort, a multi-center, prospective, observational study in Washington, DC...
February 2018: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519744/clinical-efficacy-and-safety-of-a-light-mask-for-prevention-of-dark-adaptation-in-treating-and-preventing-progression-of-early-diabetic-macular-oedema-at-24-months-cleopatra-a-multicentre-phase-3-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Sobha Sivaprasad, Joana C Vasconcelos, A Toby Prevost, Helen Holmes, Philip Hykin, Sheena George, Caroline Murphy, Joanna Kelly, Geoffrey B Arden
BACKGROUND: We aimed to assess 24-month outcomes of wearing an organic light-emitting sleep mask as an intervention to treat and prevent progression of non-central diabetic macular oedema. METHODS: CLEOPATRA was a phase 3, single-blind, parallel-group, randomised controlled trial undertaken at 15 ophthalmic centres in the UK. Adults with non-centre-involving diabetic macular oedema were randomly assigned (1:1) to wearing either a light mask during sleep (Noctura 400 Sleep Mask, PolyPhotonix Medical, Sedgefield, UK) or a sham (non-light) mask, for 24 months...
May 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401049/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-financial-incentives-for-medicaid-beneficiaries-with-diabetes
#8
Ritabelle Fernandes, Chuan C Chinn, Dongmei Li, Timothy B Frankland, Christina Mb Wang, Myra D Smith, Rebecca Rude Ozaki
BACKGROUND: The Medicaid Incentives for Prevention of Chronic Diseases program was authorized by the Affordable Care Act to determine the effectiveness of providing financial incentives. OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of incentives on adult Medicaid beneficiaries' diabetes self-management using the Hawaii Patient Reward And Incentives to Support Empowerment project. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial study was conducted at Kaiser Permanente Hawaii with 320 participants (159 intervention group/161 control group)...
2018: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391102/the-burden-of-tunneled-central-venous-catheters-for-hemodialysis-in-a-county-hospital
#9
Eric Pillado, Abraham Korn, Christian de Virgilio, Nina Bowens
Prolonged use of central venous catheters (CVCs) for hemodialysis (HD) is associated with greater morbidity and mortality when compared with autogenous arteriovenous fistulas (AVF). The objective was to assess compliance with CVC guidelines in adults referred for hemoaccess at a county teaching hospital. Out of 256 patients, 172 (67.2%) were male, with a mean age of 50.0 ± 12.4 years. Overall 62.5 per cent initiated dialysis via CVC. Patients were divided into two groups (those with CVC (62.5%) and those without (37...
October 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386030/-i-ve-made-this-my-lifestyle-now-a-prospective-qualitative-study-of-motivation-for-lifestyle-change-among-people-with-newly-diagnosed-type-two-diabetes-mellitus
#10
Simon J Sebire, Zoi Toumpakari, Katrina M Turner, Ashley R Cooper, Angie S Page, Alice Malpass, Robert C Andrews
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis with Type 2 Diabetes is an opportunity for individuals to change their physical activity and dietary behaviours. Diabetes treatment guidelines recommend theory-based, patient-centred care and advocate the provision of support for patient motivation but the motivational experiences of people newly diagnosed with diabetes have not been well studied. Framed in self-determination theory, this study aimed to qualitatively explore how this patient group articulate and experience different types of motivation when attempting lifestyle change...
January 31, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380542/effectiveness-and-acceptability-of-continuous-glucose-monitoring-for-type-2-diabetes-management-a-narrative-review
#11
REVIEW
Pennie J Taylor, Campbell H Thompson, Grant D Brinkworth
The present narrative review discusses the role of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) in glycemic and weight control, and lifestyle behavior adherence in adults with type 2 diabetes. A literature search from January 2001 to November 2017 was carried out (MEDLINE, CINAHL, Web of Science and Scopus). Eligible studies were trials evaluating the use of CGM with the aim of achieving glucose control or lifestyle-related treatment adherence over a period of ≥8 weeks in adults with type 2 diabetes compared with usual care or another comparison intervention, or observational trials reporting CGM user experience...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378038/cashew-nut-consumption-increases-hdl-cholesterol-and-reduces-systolic-blood-pressure-in-asian-indians-with-type-2-diabetes-a-12-week-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Viswanathan Mohan, Rajagopal Gayathri, Lindsay M Jaacks, Nagarajan Lakshmipriya, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Donna Spiegelman, Raman Ganesh Jeevan, Kandappa K Balasubramaniam, Shanmugam Shobana, Mathialagan Jayanthan, Viswanathan Gopinath, Selvakumar Divya, Vasudevan Kavitha, Parthasarathy Vijayalakshmi, Mookambika Ramya Bai R, Ranjit Unnikrishnan, Vasudevan Sudha, Kamala Krishnaswamy, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Walter C Willett
Background: There is increasing evidence that nut consumption decreases the risk of cardiovascular disease. However, there are few data on the health effects of cashew nuts among adults with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Objective: The study aimed to investigate the effects of cashew nut supplementation on glycemia, body weight, blood pressure, and lipid profile in Asian Indians with T2DM. Methods: In a parallel-arm, randomized controlled trial, 300 adults with T2DM [mean ± SD age: 51 ± 9...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341843/smart-care-based-on-telemonitoring-and-telemedicine-for-type-2-diabetes-care-multi-center-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Ji Yun Jeong, Jae-Han Jeon, Kwi-Hyun Bae, Yeon-Kyung Choi, Keun-Gyu Park, Jung-Guk Kim, Kyu Chang Won, Bong Soo Cha, Chul Woo Ahn, Dong Won Kim, Chang Hee Lee, In-Kyu Lee
BACKGROUND: This study was performed to determine the effectiveness of the Smart Care service on glucose control based on telemedicine and telemonitoring compared with conventional treatment in patients with type 2 diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This 24-week prospective multi-center randomized controlled trial involved 338 adult patients with type 2 diabetes at four university hospitals in South Korea. The patients were randomly assigned to a control group (group A, n = 113), a telemonitoring group (group B, n = 113), or a telemedicine group (group C, n = 112)...
January 17, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339691/rationale-design-and-methodology-of-the-evaluation-of-perceptions-knowledge-and-compliance-with-the-guidelines-in-real-life-practice-a-survey-on-the-under-treatment-of-hypercholesterolemia
#14
Volkan Doğan, Özcan Başaran, Bülent Özlek, Oğuzhan Çelik, Eda Özlek, Kadir Uğur Mert, İbrahim Rencüzoğulları, Gurbet Özge Mert, Marwa Mouline Doğan, Murat Biteker, Meral Kayıkçıoğlu
OBJECTIVE: A wide gap exists between dyslipidemia guidelines and their implementation in the real world, which is primarily attributed to physician and patient compliance. The aim of this study is to determine physician and patient adherence to dyslipidemia guidelines and various influential factors. METHODS: The Evaluation of Perceptions, Knowledge, and Compliance with the Guidelines in Real Life Practice: A Survey on the Under-treatment of Hypercholesterolemia (EPHESUS) trial (ClinicalTrials...
January 2018: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932161/the-efficacy-of-a-diabetic-educational-program-and-predictors-of-compliance-of-patients-with-noninsulin-dependent-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-al-khobar-saudi-arabia
#15
Fatma M Mokabel, Shadia F Aboulazm, Hanan E Hassan, Mona F Al-Qahtani, Seham F Alrashedi, Fatma A Zainuddin
BACKGROUND: The concept of detection and management of diabetes mellitus at primary health-care centers is justified and widely practised in Saudi Arabia. The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of diabetic educational programs for noninsulin-dependent (type 2) diabetes mellitus patients, and to determine the predictors of compliance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A longitudinal experimental research design was adopted for this study and conducted at the diabetic outpatient clinic of King Fahd Hospital of the University, Al Khobar, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia...
September 2017: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923291/use-of-prohibited-medication-a-potentially-overlooked-confounder-in-clinical-trials-omarigliptin-once-weekly-dpp-4-inhibitor-monotherapy-trial-in-18-to-45-year-olds
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ira Gantz, Liubov Sokolova, Lokesh Jain, Carol Iredale, Edward A O'Neill, Ziwen Wei, Raymond Lam, Shailaja Suryawanshi, Keith D Kaufman, Samuel S Engel, Eseng Lai
PURPOSE: The objective of this clinical trial was to assess the efficacy and safety of omarigliptin monotherapy in young adult patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Unexpected efficacy results in this trial led to a series of investigations that identified the use of prohibited medication by a substantial number of trial patients. METHODS: Patients with T2DM who were ≥18 to <45 years of age and either drug-naive or not on an antihyperglycemic agent for ≥12 weeks with inadequate glycemic control were randomized in a double-blind manner to receive omarigliptin 25 mg once weekly (n = 102) or placebo once weekly (n = 101) for 24 weeks...
October 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891139/helicobacter-pylori-infection-in-children
#17
REVIEW
Nicolas Kalach, Patrick Bontems, Josette Raymond
Helicobacter pylori infection in children differs from that in adults, from the point of view of epidemiology, host response, clinical features, related diseases, and diagnosis, as well as treatment strategies. The prevalence of H. pylori infection, in both children and adults, is decreasing in the Western World as well as in some developing countries, which contrasts with the increase in childhood asthma and allergic diseases. Recurrent abdominal pain is not specific during H. pylori infection in children...
September 2017: Helicobacter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812180/effect-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-on-glucose-metabolism-in-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#18
REVIEW
Bingqian Zhu, Chao Ma, Jindarat Chaiard, Changgui Shi
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has many serious consequences, and one of these may be the exacerbation of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Reports on the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on glucose metabolism in people with T2DM and OSA are conflicting. Therefore, the purpose of this review was to examine the effect of CPAP treatment on glucose metabolism by synthesizing findings from randomized controlled trials. The PRISMA review protocol was developed and registered in PROSPERO. A systematic search of PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, Web of Science, PsycInfo, and Cochrane was conducted from inception to March 2017...
May 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734951/emergency-department-management-of-diabetic-ketoacidosis-and-hyperosmolar-hyperglycemic-state-national-survey-of-attitudes-and-practice
#19
Alexandra L Hamelin, Justin W Yan, Ian G Stiell
OBJECTIVES: In 2013, the Association, now Diabetes Canada, published national clinical practice guidelines for the effective management of diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic states in adults. We sought to determine emergency physician compliance rates and attitudes toward these guidelines and to identify potential barriers to their use in Canadian emergency departments. METHODS: An online survey consisting of questions related to the awareness and use of the Canadian Diabetes Association 2013 Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Prevention and Management of Diabetes in Canada was distributed to 500 randomly selected members of the Canadian Association of Emergency Physicians...
July 19, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721024/cost-of-medication-adherence-and-persistence-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-literature-review
#20
REVIEW
Tessa Kennedy-Martin, Kristina S Boye, Xiaomei Peng
PURPOSE: To explore published evidence on health care costs associated with adherence or persistence to antidiabetes medications in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: Primary research studies published between January 2006 and December 2015 on compliance, adherence, or persistence and treatment in patients with T2DM that document a link with health care costs were identified through literature searches in bibliographic databases and 2015 abstract books for relevant DM congresses...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
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