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W Scott Beattie, Duminda N Wijeysundera, Matthew T V Chan, Philip J Peyton, Kate Leslie, Michael J Paech, Daniel I Sessler, Sophie Wallace, Paul S Myles, W Galagher, C Farrington, A Ditoro, S Baulch, S Sidiropoulos, R Bulach, D Bryant, E O'Loughlin, V Mitteregger, S Bolsin, C Osborne, R McRae, M Backstrom, R Cotter, S March, B Silbert, S Said, R Halliwell, J Cope, D Fahlbusch, D Crump, G Thompson, A Jefferies, M Reeves, N Buckley, T Tidy, T Schricker, R Lattermann, D Iannuzzi, J Carroll, M Jacka, C Bryden, N Badner, M W Y Tsang, B C P Cheng, A C M Fong, L C Y Chu, E G Y Koo, N Mohd, L E Ming, D Campbell, D McAllister, S Walker, S Olliff, R Kennedy, A Eldawlatly, T Alzahrani, N Chua, R Sneyd, H McMillan, I Parkinson, A Brennan, P Balaji, J Nightingale, G Kunst, M Dickinson, B Subramaniam, V Banner-Godspeed, J Liu, A Kurz, B Hesler, A Y Fu, C Egan, A N Fiffick, M T Hutcherson, A Turan, A Naylor, D Obal, E Cooke
BACKGROUND: Globally, >300 million patients have surgery annually, and ≤20% experience adverse postoperative events. We studied the impact of both cardiac and noncardiac adverse events on 1-year disability-free survival after noncardiac surgery. METHODS: We used the study cohort from the Evaluation of Nitrous oxide in Gas Mixture of Anesthesia (ENIGMA-II) trial, an international randomized trial of 6992 noncardiac surgical patients. All were ≥45 years of age and had moderate to high cardiac risk...
March 12, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Stephan A Schug, Philip Peyton
Identifying operations and individuals with an increased risk of chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP) has led to significant interest in interventions with the potential to achieve primary prevention of this condition. Pharmacological prevention remains controversial with a Cochrane review identifying perioperative ketamine administration as the only intervention with possible benefit although, with only small, heterogeneous studies, the authors called for a large randomised controlled trial (RCT) to confirm the validity of this result...
November 2017: British Journal of Pain
D McCawley, A M Cyna, S Prineas, Sgm Tan
Drug errors amongst anaesthetists are common. Although there has been previous work on the system factors involved with drug error, there has been little research on the sequelae of a drug error from the anaesthetist's perspective. To clarify this issue, we surveyed anaesthetists regarding their most memorable drug error to identify associated factors and personal sequelae regarding their professional practice after the event. An online survey was sent anonymously to 989 Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) Fellows in March 2016 and the results were collected over the following two months...
September 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
K R Goulding, P J Peyton, D A Story, A Parker, K Leslie
The Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) has more than 200 accredited training sites in Australia, New Zealand, Hong Kong, Malaysia and Singapore, many of which participate in ANZCA Clinical Trials Network (CTN)-endorsed clinical trials. We undertook a survey of accredited sites to determine research capability, activity and potential. With ethics committee approval an electronic survey was distributed to accredited sites in July 2015. Of 207 accredited sites, 167 were sent the questionnaire (after eliminating ineligible sites) and 128 responded...
March 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
H Kolawole, S D Marshall, H Crilly, R Kerridge, P Roessler
Anaphylaxis is an uncommon but important cause of serious morbidity and even mortality in the perioperative period. The Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) with the Australian and New Zealand Anaesthetic Allergy Group (ANZAAG) have developed clinical management guidelines that include six crisis management cards. The content of the guidelines and cards is based on published literature and other international guidelines for the management of anaesthesia-related and non-anaesthesia-related anaphylaxis...
March 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
G B Downey, J M McDonald, R G Downey
This study was designed to investigate levels of stress, anxiety or depression and to identify factors compounding or relieving stress in anaesthesia trainees within the Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) training scheme. An electronic survey was sent to 999 randomly selected trainees and 428 responses were received. In addition to demographics, psychological wellbeing was assessed using the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) and questions were asked about depression and anxiety, exacerbating factors, personal healthcare and strategies used to manage stress...
January 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
A Webb, A C Wilson
The Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) 'Guidelines on Smoking as Related to the Perioperative Period (PS12)' recommends that anaesthetists should always ask about smoking, advise quitting and refer patients to their general practitioner (GP) or a telephone quit-line for quit support. In this study we evaluated the effect of adding tick-boxes for 'quit advice given' and 'referral to GP/Quitline' to anaesthesia charts of elective surgical patients to assess whether this intervention changed documentation of compliance with the ANZCA guideline...
January 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
Paul S Myles, Julian A Smith, Andrew Forbes, Brendan Silbert, Mohandas Jayarajah, Thomas Painter, D James Cooper, Silvana Marasco, John McNeil, Jean S Bussières, Shay McGuinness, Kelly Byrne, Matthew T V Chan, Giovanni Landoni, Sophie Wallace
BACKGROUND: Tranexamic acid reduces the risk of bleeding among patients undergoing cardiac surgery, but it is unclear whether this leads to improved outcomes. Furthermore, there are concerns that tranexamic acid may have prothrombotic and proconvulsant effects. METHODS: In a trial with a 2-by-2 factorial design, we randomly assigned patients who were scheduled to undergo coronary-artery surgery and were at risk for perioperative complications to receive aspirin or placebo and tranexamic acid or placebo...
January 12, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
Damian J Castanelli, Tanisha Jowsey, Yan Chen, Jennifer M Weller
INTRODUCTION: Workplace-based assessment is integral to programmatic assessment in a competency-based curriculum. In 2013, one such assessment, a mini-Clinical Evaluation Exercise (mini-CEX) with a novel "entrustability scale", became compulsory for over 1,200 Australia and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) trainees. We explored trainees' and supervisors' understanding of the mini-CEX, their experience with the assessment, and their perceptions of its influence on learning and supervision...
December 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
J R A Rigg
The aim of this paper is to link the history of the Multicentre Australian Study of Epidural Anaesthesia in high risk surgery, the MASTER Trial, the first National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) funded multicentre randomised clinical trial in Australia led by anaesthetist researchers, and the decision of The Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) to establish a clinical trials network, in 2003, to the success of contemporary researchers in Australia and New Zealand in anaesthesia and perioperative medicine...
July 2016: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
Stephan A Schug, Greta M Palmer, David A Scott, Richard Halliwell, Jane Trinca
This guideline summary describes the fourth edition of Acute pain management: scientific evidence, which was published by the Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) and its Faculty of Pain Medicine (FPMANZCA) in December 2015. The fourth edition summarises the best available evidence on acute pain management, following methods established over the preceding three editions. It provides additional information by scoring the quality of and reporting further details on randomised controlled trials and meta-analyses...
May 2, 2016: Medical Journal of Australia
Bridget Hogan, Matthew Keating, Neil A Chambers, Britta von Ungern-Sternberg
BACKGROUND: There are no internationally accepted guidelines about what constitutes adequate clinical exposure during pediatric anesthetic training. In Australia, no data have been published on the level of experience obtained by anesthetic trainees in pediatric anesthesia. There is, however, a new ANZCA (Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists) curriculum that quantifies new training requirements. AIM: To quantify our trainees' exposure to clinical work in order to assess compliance with new curriculum and to provide other institutions with a benchmark for pediatric anesthetic training...
May 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Paul S Myles, Julian A Smith, Andrew Forbes, Brendan Silbert, Mohandas Jayarajah, Thomas Painter, D James Cooper, Silvana Marasco, John McNeil, Jean S Bussières, Sophie Wallace
BACKGROUND: Most patients with coronary artery disease receive aspirin for primary or secondary prevention of myocardial infarction, stroke, and death. Aspirin poses a risk of bleeding in patients undergoing surgery, but it is unclear whether aspirin should be stopped before coronary artery surgery. METHODS: We used a 2-by-2 factorial trial design to randomly assign patients who were scheduled to undergo coronary artery surgery and were at risk for perioperative complications to receive aspirin or placebo and tranexamic acid or placebo...
February 25, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
A B Baker
OBJECTIVES: The aim is to present recommendations of the Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) with respect to practice implications for ageing specialists, together with brief discussion of effects of ageing on professional medical capabilities and recommendations on preparing to retire from medical practice. CONCLUSIONS: Practitioners should recognise that planning for retirement is part of good management of a medical career, and that the ageing process will inevitably compromise their ability to treat patients safely unless they retire at the appropriate time...
April 2016: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
K M Bunbury, D J Castanelli
The 'Roles in Practice' framework was introduced into the revised ANZCA curriculum in 2013. We conducted an online survey of Supervisors of Training in Australia and New Zealand to assess understanding of this framework, and teaching and perceived value of the non-scholar intrinsic roles within the framework. One hundred and forty-three survey responses were received (response rate 60.8%). The majority of respondents (52.1%) reported only a fair understanding of the framework. Formal teaching of all the roles was consistently reported as infrequent, with most teaching occurring through the informal curriculum...
November 2015: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
N Alakeson, T Flett, V Hunt, A Ramgolam, W Reynolds, K Hartley, M Hegarty, B S von Ungern-Sternberg
The importance of appropriate equipment to manage the difficult airway has been highlighted by the publication of the Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) guidelines in 2012. We set out to audit compliance with these guidelines in all public and private sites providing general anaesthesia in metropolitan Perth. Public and private health care websites identified 39 sites of which 37 were studied. Institutional and ethics approval was obtained. A tick-box design audit tool, based on the ANZCA guidelines, was used to collect information regarding the dedicated difficult airway container (DDAC) at each site...
September 2014: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
Paul S Myles, Kate Leslie, Matthew T V Chan, Andrew Forbes, Philip J Peyton, Michael J Paech, W Scott Beattie, Daniel I Sessler, P J Devereaux, Brendan Silbert, Thomas Schricker, Sophie Wallace
BACKGROUND: Nitrous oxide is commonly used in general anaesthesia but concerns exist that it might increase perioperative cardiovascular risk. We aimed to gather evidence to establish whether nitrous oxide affects perioperative cardiovascular risk. METHODS: We did an international, randomised, assessor-blinded trial in patients aged at least 45 years with known or suspected coronary artery disease having major non-cardiac surgery. Patients were randomly assigned via automated telephone service, stratified by site, to receive a general anaesthetic with or without nitrous oxide...
October 18, 2014: Lancet
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2014: ANZ Journal of Surgery
J M Weller, M Henning, N Civil, L Lavery, M J Boyd, B Jolly
When evaluating assessments, the impact on learning is often overlooked. Approaches to learning can be deep, surface and strategic. To provide insights into exam quality, we investigated the learning approaches taken by trainees preparing for the Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) Final Exam. The revised two-factor Study Process Questionnaire (R-SPQ-2F) was modified and validated for this context and was administered to ANZCA advanced trainees. Additional questions were asked about perceived value for anaesthetic practice, study time and approaches to learning for each exam component...
September 2013: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
David A Story, Veronica Gin, Vanida na Ranong, Stephanie Poustie, Daryl Jones et al.
BACKGROUND: As with other types of research, there are concerns about reporting of survey research in anesthesia journals. We hypothesized that use of survey reporting items would be inconsistent in survey research reported in anesthesia journals. METHODS: After a literature review we constructed a 17-item reporting list for a limited systematic review of survey reporting in 6 anesthesia journals. We identified survey reports by MEDLINE (PubMed) search for January 2000 to April 2009...
September 2011: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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