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Harcharan K Rooprai, Andrew J Martin, Andrew King, Usha D Appadu, Huw Jones, Richard P Selway, Richard W Gullan, Geoffrey J Pilkington
MMPs (matrix metalloproteinases), ADAMs (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase) and TIMPs (tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases) are implicated in invasion and angiogenesis: both are tissue remodeling processes involving regulated proteolysis of the extracellular matrix, growth factors and their receptors. The expression of these three groups and their correlations with clinical behaviour has been reported in gliomas but a similar comprehensive study in meningiomas is lacking. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the patterns of expression of 23 MMPs, 4 TIMPs, 8 ADAMs, selective growth factors and their receptors in 17 benign meningiomas using a quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR)...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Shengnan Guo, Yuanyuan Wang, Yu Gao, Yinxu Zhang, Mingzi Chen, Minghao Xu, Lu Hu, Yu Jing, Fangyu Jing, Chen Li, Qingjun Wang, Zhitu Zhu
BACKGROUND High mobility group-box 3 (HMGB3) has been shown to affect tumor initiation and progression. This research aimed to investigate the role of HMGB3 in gastric cancer (GC) cell proliferation, migration, invasion, chemoresistance, and its potential molecular mechanisms. MATERIAL AND METHODS GC MGC803 and BGC823 cells were transfected with siRNA targeting the HMGB3 gene. The expressions of HMGB3 protein in MGC803 and BGC823 cells after transfection were detected by Western blot assays. We detected cell proliferation and cell cycle by MTT and flow cytometry assay...
October 24, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Rui Hu, Zhiwei Wang, Zongli Ren, Min Liu
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies reported that diabetic patients had a lower incidence of aortic dissection (AD), but the definite mechanism is unknown. We aim to investigate the possible protective effect of diabetes mellitus (DM) on AD formation with an emphasis on autonomic remodeling. METHODS: Streptozotocin (STZ) intraperitoneal injection was applied to induce diabetes, unilateral renal artery stenosis (URAS) together with β-amino propionitrile (BAPN) oral treatment was used to induce AD...
October 21, 2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
E Kamanga-Sollo, K J Thornton, M E White, W R Dayton
In feedlot steers, estradiol-17β (E2) and combined E2 and trenbolone acetate (a testosterone analog) implants enhance rate and efficiency of muscle growth; and, consequently, these compounds are widely used as growth promoters in several countries. Treatment with E2 stimulates protein synthesis rate and suppresses protein degradation rate in fused bovine satellite cell (BSC) cultures; however, the mechanisms involved in these effects are not known with certainty. Although the genomic effects of E2 mediated through the classical estrogen receptors have been characterized, recent studies indicate that binding of E2 to the G protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER)-1 mediates nongenomic effects of E2 on cellular function...
September 13, 2016: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
Qiao-Li Lv, Yuan-Tao Huang, Gui-Hua Wang, Yan-Ling Liu, Jin Huang, Qiang Qu, Bao Sun, Lei Hu, Lin Cheng, Shu-Hui Chen, Hong-Hao Zhou
Emerging studies show that dysregulation of the receptor of activated protein kinase C1 (RACK1) plays a crucial role in tumorigenesis and progression of various cancers. However, the biological function and underlying mechanism of RACK1 in glioma remains poorly defined. Here, we found that RACK1 was significantly up-regulated in glioma tissues compared with normal brain tissues, being closely related to clinical stage of glioma both in mRNA and protein levels. Moreover, Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated that patients with high RACK1 expression had a poor prognosis (p = 0...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
G H Ji, Y Cui, H Yu, X B Cui
Lung cancer is one of the most malignant tumors worldwide with a high mortality rate, which has not been improved since several decades ago. FOX gene family members have been reported to play extensive roles in regulating many biological processes and disorders. In order to clarify the contribution of FOX gene family members in lung cancer biology, we performed expression profiling analysis of FOX gene family members from FOXA to FOXR in lung cancer cell lines and tissue specimens by Real-time PCR, western blot and immunohistochemistry analysis...
September 30, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Pierre Paradis, Tlili Barhoumi, Muhammad Oneeb Rehman Mian, Julio C Fraulob-Aquino, Asia Rehman, Nourredine Idris-Khodja, Ernesto L Schiffrin
OBJECTIVE: Matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) is involved in cardiovascular disease. Whether MMP2 plays a role in hypertension and vascular damage is unknown. We hypothesized that Mmp2 knockout will prevent angiotensin (Ang) II-induced hypertension and vascular injury. DESIGN AND METHOD: Mmp2 knockout (Mmp2) and wild-type (WT) mice were infused with Ang II (1000 ng/kg/min, SC) for 14 days. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) was measured by telemetry, and mesenteric artery (MA) endothelial function and vascular remodeling by pressurized myography...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Guangcai Li, Yuan He, Jun Yao, Chuying Huang, Xiusheng Song, Yan Deng, Sheng Xie, Jie Ren, Meng Jin, Huiguo Liu
Angelicin is a member of a well-known class of chemical photosensitizes that have anticancer proper-ties in several cancer cell lines. However, the effects and the potential underlying mechanisms of angelicin action on human lung cancer cells remain unclear. Here, we report that angelicin has an essential role in inhibiting human lung carcinoma growth and metastasis. We found that angelicin markedly induced cell apoptosis and arrested the cell cycle in vitro. Angelicin also inhibited the migration of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) A549 cells in a Transwell assay in a dose-dependent manner...
October 12, 2016: Oncology Reports
Wei Zhang, Jianzhou Liu, Jianxin Qiu, Xiaoliang Fu, Qisheng Tang, Fan Yang, Zhiguang Zhao, He Wang
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as important regulators in cancer that are implicated in regulation of various cellular processes. miR-382 has been proposed as a tumor suppressor by several recent studies. However, the function of miR-382 in prostate cancer remains unknown. In this study, we aimed to investigate the potential function of miR-382 in prostate cancer. We found that miR-382 was significantly decreased in prostate cancer specimens and cancer cell lines. The overexpression of miR-382 in prostate cancer cells markedly inhibited cell proliferation, migration, and invasion...
October 3, 2016: Oncology Reports
F Faião-Flores, D K Alves-Fernandes, P C Pennacchi, S Sandri, A L S A Vicente, C Scapulatempo-Neto, V L Vazquez, R M Reis, J Chauhan, C R Goding, K S Smalley, S S Maria-Engler
BRAF inhibitor (BRAFi) therapy for melanoma patients harboring the V600E mutation is initially highly effective, but almost all patients relapse within a few months. Understanding the molecular mechanisms underpinning BRAFi-based therapy is therefore an important issue. Here we identified a previously unsuspected mechanism of BRAFi resistance driven by elevated Hedgehog (Hh) pathway activation that is observed in a cohort of melanoma patients after vemurafenib treatment. Specifically, we demonstrate that melanoma cell lines, with acquired in vitro-induced vemurafenib resistance, show increased levels of glioma-associated oncogene homolog 1 and 2 (GLI1/GLI2) compared with naïve cells...
October 17, 2016: Oncogene
Blazej Michalski, Przemyslaw Trzcinski, Karolina Kupczynska, Dawid Miskowiec, Lukasz Peczek, Barbara Nawrot, Piotr Lipiec, Jaroslaw D Kasprzak
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to assess the correlation of the selected biomarkers and collagen turn-over indices with advanced echocardiographic parameters among patients with preserved and reduced ejection fraction (EF). METHODS: We included 62 patients with the symptomatic heart failure. The patients were divided in to two groups according to the evaluated ejection fraction (EF - Simpson method): heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) group - 30 patients with low EF - 35-50% (16 male, mean age 54...
October 17, 2016: Cardiology Journal
C K Hughes, M M Xie, S R McCoski, A D Ealy
Leptin is involved in various reproductive processes in humans and rodents, including placental development and function. The specific ways that leptin influences placental development and function in cattle are poorly understood. This work was completed to explore how leptin regulates hormone, cytokine and metalloprotease transcript abundance, and cell proliferation in cultured bovine trophoblast cells. In the first set of studies, cells were cultured in the presence of graded recombinant bovine leptin concentrations (0, 10, 50, 250 ng/mL) for 6 or 24 h...
September 13, 2016: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
Piero Pingitore, Paola Dongiovanni, Benedetta Maria Motta, Marica Meroni, Saverio Massimo Lepore, Rosellina Margherita Mancina, Serena Pelusi, Cristina Russo, Andrea Caddeo, Giorgio Rossi, Tiziana Montalcini, Arturo Pujia, Olov Wiklund, Luca Valenti, Stefano Romeo
Liver fibrosis is a pathological scarring response to chronic hepatocellular injury and hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) are key players in this process. PNPLA3 I148M is a common variant robustly associated with liver fibrosis but the mechanisms underlying this association are unknown.We aimed to examine a) the effect of fibrogenic and proliferative stimuli on PNPLA3 levels in HSCs and b) the role of wild type and mutant PNPLA3 overexpression on markers of HSC activation and fibrosis.Here we show that PNPLA3 is upregulated by the fibrogenic cytokine transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β), but not by platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), and is involved in the TGF-β-induced reduction in lipid droplets in primary human HSCs...
October 13, 2016: Human Molecular Genetics
Imran Ali, Bettina Julin, Anders Glynn, Johan Högberg, Marika Berglund, Jan-Erik Johansson, Swen-Olof Andersson, Ove Andrén, Edward Giovannucci, Alicja Wolk, Ulla Stenius, Agneta Åkesson
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are highly persistent environmental pollutants and are undesirable components of our daily food. PCBs are classified as human carcinogens, but the evidence for prostate cancer is limited and available data are inconsistent. We explored the link between non-dioxin-like PCB and grade of prostate cancer in a prospective cohort as well as in cell experiments. A population-based cohort of 32496 Swedish men aged 45-79 years was followed prospectively through 1998-2011, to assess the association between validated estimates of dietary PCB exposure and incidence of prostate cancer by grade (2789 cases, whereof 1276 low grade, 756 intermediate grade, 450 high grade) and prostate cancer mortality (357 fatal cases)...
October 7, 2016: Carcinogenesis
Juneo F Silva, Natália M Ocarino, Rogéria Serakides
The gene and/or protein expression of proteases and immunological, angiogenic, hormonal and apoptotic mediators was evaluated in rat placenta before and during intrauterine trophoblast migration. The depth of interstitial and endovascular intrauterine trophoblast invasion and the immunohistochemical expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), fetal liver kinase 1 (Flk1), interferon (IFN)-γ, migration inhibitory factor (MIF), and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS; also known as nitric oxide synthase (NOS) 2) were evaluated...
October 14, 2016: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
Hongwei Tan, Zhaoyang Liu, Jin Qi, Guanghua Chu
Tripartite motif 16 (TRIM16), a member of the RING B-box coiled-coil (RBCC)/tripartite totif (TRIM) protein family, has been shown to play a role in tumor development and progression. However, the role of TRIM16 in ovarian cancer has never been revealed. Thus, in this study, we investigated the roles and mechanisms of TRIM16 in ovarian cancer. Our results demonstrated that TRIM16 expression was low in ovarian cancer cell lines. In addition, overexpression of TRIM16 significantly inhibited the migration and invasion in vitro, as well as suppressed the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) phenotype in ovarian cancer cells...
October 12, 2016: Oncology Research
Chia-Yih Wang, Hui-Ling Tsai, Jhih-Siang Syu, Ting-Yu Chen, Mei-Tsz Su
Trophoblast invasion is an important event in embryo implantation and placental development. During these processes, endocrine gland-derived vascular endothelial growth factor (EG-VEGF) is the key regulator mediating the crosstalk at the feto-maternal interface. The primary cilium is a cellular antenna receiving environmental signals and is crucial for proper development. However, little is known regarding the role of the primary cilium in early human pregnancy. Here, we demonstrate that EG-VEGF regulates trophoblast cell invasion via primary cilia...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Jiang-Rui Guo, Wei Li, Yong Wu, Lin-Qing Wu, Xin Li, Ya-Fei Guo, Xiao-Hui Zheng, Xiao-Lan Lian, Hui-Fang Huang, Yuan-Zhong Chen
This study aims to investigate effects of HGF expression on biological behaviors of Kasumi-1 and HL60. Expression of HGF and c-Met gene were detected using qRT-PCR. Short hairpin RNA (shRNA) was used to reduce HGF expression. Silencing effect of shRNA was verified by qRT-PCR and western blot. Cell reproductive capacity, cell clonality and cell cycle (apoptosis) were detected by CCK-8, clone formation, flow cytometry (FCM), respectively. Cell adhesion, cell invasion ability and cell proliferation were also examined...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Gali Epstein Shochet, Oded Komemi, Dana Sadeh-Mestechkin, Meir Pomeranz, Ami Fishman, Liat Drucker, Michael Lishner, Shelly Tartakover Matalon
During placental implantation, cytotrophoblast cells differentiate to extravillous trophoblast (EVT) cells that invade from the placenta into the maternal uterine blood vessels. The heat shock protein-27 (HSP27), the signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT3) and the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E (EIF4E) are involved in regulating EVT cell differentiation/migration. EIF4E and EIF4G compose the translation initiation complex, which is a major control point in protein translation...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Molecular Histology
Chengdu Sun, Liming Wang, Dan Gao, Yuanming Pan, Yuliang Zhao, Chunying Chen, Mingzhou Guo
C60(OH)22 has been reported to suppress human cancer by inhibiting angiogenesis. However, its mechanism of action remains unclear. To explore the role and mechanism of C60(OH)22 in human pancreatic cancer, siRNA knockdown, immunofluorescence and a matrigel plug mouse model were employed. The results demonstrated that C60(OH)22 suppresses endothelial cell invasion and tube formation in vitro. C60(OH)22 suppresses angiogenesis in human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) xenograft mice. The enzymatic activities of MMP2 and MMP9, as well as the expression levels of HDAC1, HDAC2, HIF-1α and VEGF, were inhibited by C60(OH)22...
September 15, 2016: Nanoscale
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