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Gongbiao Lu, Lin Du, Yi Guo, Baohua Xing, Jishou Lu, Yanchun Wei
The aim of the current study was to investigate the expression and role of microRNA (miR)-1271 in the pathogenesis of osteosarcoma, and the associated underlying mechanisms. Tissue samples from 45 patients with osteosarcoma were collected, while the 143B, MG-63 and U-2 OS osteosarcoma cell lines were also cultured. The expression levels of miR-1271 in the tissues and cells were detected with reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and 143B osteosarcoma cells were subjected to miR-1271 manipulation...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Qingfang Han, Wenke Zhang, Jinlai Meng, Li Ma, Aihua Li
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disease characterized by hyperandrogenism, irregular menses, and polycystic ovaries. Several long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are aberrantly expressed in PCOS patients; however, little is known about the effects of the lncRNA-low expression in tumor (lncRNA-LET) on PCOS. We aimed to explore the effects of lncRNA-LET on human granulosa-like tumor cell line, KGN. METHODS: Expression of lncRNA-LET in normal IOSE80 cells and granulosa cells was determined by qRT-PCR...
February 9, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Dan Zhao, Qianshun Li, Mengting Liu, Wenjuan Ma, Tengfei Zhou, Changyue Xue, Xiaoxiao Cai
OBJECTIVES: Human salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (SACC) is one of the most common malignant tumours of the salivary gland and has strong migratory and invasive ability, which often lead to poor prognosis and lower survival rate. Tumour tissue tends to stiffen during solid tumour progression. This study aimed to investigate the influence of various substrate stiffness on the migration and invasion of SACC. METHODS: Salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma cell line ACC2 cells were cultured on polydimethylsiloxane substrates (PDMS) with varying stiffness for investigating the effects of substrate stiffness on the activities of MMPs and TIMPs...
February 8, 2018: Cell Proliferation
Yang Wang, Daliang Kong
BACKGROUND/AIMS: LncRNA GAS5, a growth suppressor, has been reported to exert anti-tumor actions in various cancers, whereas the exact mechanism underling the anti-tumor action is still unclear. This study was aimed to investigate the effect of lncRNA GAS5 on osteosarcoma and tried to decode the underling mechanisms. METHODS: Expressions of lncRNA GAS5 in MG-63 cells were silenced by shRNA transfection, while were overexpressed by vector transfection. Cell viability, migration, invasion and apoptosis were respectively assessed by MTT, Transwell assay and flow cytometry...
January 31, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Jibin John, Aditya Sharma, Prachi Kukshal, Triptish Bhatia, Vishwajit L Nimgaonkar, Smita N Deshpande, B K Thelma
Candidate gene and genome-wide association study based common risk variant identification is being complemented by whole exome sequencing (WES)/whole genome sequencing based rare variant discovery in elucidation of genetic landscape of schizophrenia (SZ), a common neuropsychiatric disorder. WES findings of de novo mutations in case-parent trios have further implied genetic etiology, but do not explain the high genetic risk in general populations. Conversely, WES in multiplex families may be an insightful strategy for the identification of highly penetrant rare variants in SZ and possibly enhance our understanding of disease biology...
January 29, 2018: Schizophrenia Bulletin
Anna Osiecka-Iwan, Stanisław Moskalewski, Anna Kosowska, Anna Hyc
Loading of articular cartilage during motion squeezes the fluid from the cartilage, termed cartilage interstitial fluid (CIF), which was found to influence gene expression in synovial membrane cells. After crucial ligaments damage, these cells are exposed to synovial fluid containing factors released from articular cartilage; the aim of the present study was to establish the influence of CIF and factors present in CIF (CIF-like cocktails) on crucial ligament fibroblasts. CIF was squeezed from articular-epiphyseal cartilage complexes of newborn rats...
January 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Zhen-Fei Wang, Da-Guang Ma, Zhe Zhu, Yong-Ping Mu, Yong-Yan Yang, Li Feng, Hao Yang, Jun-Qing Liang, Yong-Yan Liu, Li Liu, Hai-Wen Lu
AIM: To investigate the inhibitory effect of astragaloside IV on the pathological functions of cancer-associated fibroblasts, and to explore the underlying mechanism. METHODS: Paired gastric normal fibroblast (GNF) and gastric cancer-associated fibroblast (GCAF) cultures were established from resected tissues. GCAFs were treated with vehicle control or different concentrations of astragaloside IV. Conditioned media were prepared from GNFs, GCAFs, control-treated GCAFs, and astragaloside IV-treated GCAFs, and used to culture BGC-823 human gastric cancer cells...
December 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Andreas Knopf, Leila Bahadori, Kristin Fritsche, Guido Piontek, Cord-Christian Becker, Percy Knolle, Achim Krüger, Henning Bier, Yin Li
Objectives: Despite modern treatment regimens, overall survival in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) is less than 50% due to local and systemic disease recurrency. The current study aims to identify molecular markers in primary tumor specimens that predict the risk for local and systemic recurrency at the time of initial diagnosis. Methods: The study included clinic-pathological data of 1,057 HNSCC. MMP2/9, TIMP1/2, CXCR4, and CXCL12 immunohistochemistry was done in 150 randomly selected specimens...
December 22, 2017: Oncotarget
Tsuyoshi Hasegawa, Garrison Glavich, Mary Pahuski, Aleena M Short, Oliver John Semmes, Lifang Yang, Vitold Galkin, Richard R Drake, Aurora Esquela-Kerscher
Prostate cancer afflicts 1 in 7 men and is the second leading cause of male cancer-related deaths in the United States. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), an extensive class of ~22 nucleotide non-coding RNAs, are often aberrantly expressed in tissues and fluids from prostate cancer patients but the mechanism of how specific miRNAs regulate prostate tumorigenesis and metastasis are poorly understood. Here, miR-888 was identified as a novel prostate factor that promotes proliferation and migration. miR-888 resides within a genomic cluster of 7 miRNA genes (mir-892c, mir-890, mir-888, mir-892a, mir-892b, mir-891b, mir-891a) on human chromosome Xq27...
January 12, 2018: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
Erika Calvano Küchler, Driely Barreiros, Raphaela Oliveira da Silva, Júlia Guimarães Barcellos de Abreu, Ellen Cardoso Teixeira, Raquel Assed Bezerra da Silva, Lea Assed Bezerra da Silva, Paulo Nelson Filho, Fábio Lourenço Romano, José Mauro Granjeiro, Lívia Azeredo Alves Antunes, Leonardo Santos Antunes
Anterior open bite (AOB) has a multifactorial etiology caused by the interaction of sucking habits and genetic factors. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between AOB and polymorphisms in genes that encode Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs). Four hundred and seventy-two children that presented at least one sucking habit were evaluated. Children were examined clinically for the presence of AOB. Genomic DNA was extracted from saliva. Genotyping of the selected polymorphisms in MMP2, MMP3, MMP9, TIMP1 and TIMP2 was carried out by real-time PCR using the TaqMan method...
May 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
Jian Xu, Yue Du, Wen-Juan Liu, Liang Li, Yi Li, Xiao-Fei Wang, Hong-Fei Yi, Chuan-Kun Shan, Gui-Min Xia, Xiu-Jun Liu, Yong-Su Zhen
Fibrosarcomas are highly aggressive malignant tumors. It is urgently needed to explore targeted drugs and modalities for more effective therapy. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play important roles in tumor progression and metastasis, while several MMPs are highly expressed in fibrosarcomas. In addition, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 2 (TIMP2) displays specific interaction with MMPs. Therefore, TIMP2 may play an active role in the development of fibrosarcoma-targeting agents. In the current study, a TIMP2-based recombinant protein LT and its enediyne-integrated analog LTE were prepared; furthermore, the fibrosarcoma-binding intensity and antitumor activity were investigated...
November 2018: Drug Delivery
Hao Guan, Weiming Li, Yuanyuan Li, Jichang Wang, Yan Li, Yanan Tang, Shaoying Lu
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important regulators of pathobiological processes in various cancer. In the present study, we demonstrated that miR-93 expression was significantly up-regulated in gastric cancer tissues compared with that in matched normal mucosal tissues. High expression of miR-93 was significantly associated with lymph node metastasis and tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage. Functionally, ectopic expression of miR-93 promoted cell proliferation, migration, invasion, EMT phenotypes, and repressed apoptosis and G1 cell cycle arrest in vitro, and promoted tumor formation in vivo...
2017: PloS One
Yunwei Ou, Qingnan Wu, Chuanyue Wu, Xuefeng Liu, Yongmei Song, Qimin Zhan
Glioma is the most common type of primary brain tumors in the central nervous system (CNS). Migfilin occurs in human glioma and enhances cellular motility via the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) pathway. However, the underlying molecular mechanism is not fully understood. In this study, we found that Migfilin promoted matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) activity, and restrained the expression of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 2 (TIMP2), which is an MMP-2 inhibitor. Functional and structural studies showed that the LIM1 domain of Migfilin was required for Migfilin-mediated TIMP2 expression inhibition and MMP-2 activity, and was also necessary in promoting cell motility...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
Chiara Levante, Fiorenza Ferrari, Chiara Manenti, Faeq Husain-Syed, Marta Scarpa, Tommaso Hinna Danesi, Massimo De Cal, Valentina Corradi, Grazia M Virzì, Alessandra Brendolan, Federico Nalesso, Pércia Bezerra, Salvador Lopez-Giacoman, Sara Samoni, Mara Senzolo, Davide Giavarina, Loris Salvador, Raffaele Bonato, Silvia De Rosa, Enrico Rettore, Claudio Ronco
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) is a severe complication affecting many hospitalized patients after cardiac surgery, with negative impacts on short- and long-term clinical outcomes and on healthcare costs. Recently, clinical interest has been aimed at defining and classifying AKI, identifying risk factors and developing diagnostic strategies to identify patients at risk early on. Achieving an early and accurate diagnosis of AKI is a crucial issue, because prevention and timely detection may help to prevent negative clinical outcomes and avoid AKI-associated costs...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Artificial Organs
Jeffrey Yim, Hyokeun Cho, Simon W Rabkin
Gene expression and associations were examined in a model of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), a condition with minimal effective treatment. Genes with at least two studies showing significant changes in Dahl rat with heart failure were examined by meta-analysis. Significantly increased in expression were iNOS, p47phox, ADM, ANP, OPN, ACE, MCP-1, GP91PHOX, ICAM-1, TGF-β1, CTGF, ET-1, p22phox, ETB, BNP, ETA, MMP13, Col1a1, MMP2, TIMP1, Col3a1, Il-1β, β-MHC, ECE1, MMP14, AGT, and MMP9...
November 15, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
Jacques G Lussier, Mame N Diouf, Valérie Lévesque, Jean Sirois, Kalidou Ndiaye
BACKGROUND: Ovulation and luteinization of follicles are complex biological processes initiated by the preovulatory luteinizing hormone surge. The objective of this study was to identify genes that are differentially expressed in bovine granulosa cells (GC) of ovulatory follicles. METHODS: Granulosa cells were collected during the first follicular wave of the bovine estrous cycle from dominant follicles (DF) and from ovulatory follicles (OF) obtained 24 h following injection of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)...
November 3, 2017: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
Pol Andrés-Benito, Jesús Moreno, Raúl Domínguez, Ester Aso, Mónica Povedano, Isidro Ferrer
OBJECTIVE: Characterization of altered expression of selected transcripts linked to inflammation in the peripheral blood of sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (sALS) patients at early stage of disease to increase knowledge about peripheral inflammatory response in sALS. METHODS: RNA expression levels of 45 genes were assessed by RT-qPCR in 22 sALS cases in parallel with 13 age-matched controls. Clinical and serum parameters were assessed at the same time. RESULTS: Upregulation of genes coding for factors involved in leukocyte extravasation (ITGB2, INPP5D, SELL, and ICAM1) and extracellular matrix remodeling (MMP9 and TIMP2), as well as downregulation of certain chemokines (CCL5 and CXC5R), anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL10, TGFB2, and IL10RA), pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-6), and T-cell regulators (CD2 and TRBC1) was found in sALS cases independently of gender, clinical symptoms at onset (spinal, respiratory, or bulbar), progression, peripheral leukocyte number, and integrity of RNA...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
Alejandra Sandoval-Bórquez, Iva Polakovicova, Nicolás Carrasco-Véliz, Lorena Lobos-González, Ismael Riquelme, Gonzalo Carrasco-Avino, Carolina Bizama, Enrique Norero, Gareth I Owen, Juan C Roa, Alejandro H Corvalán
BACKGROUND: Multiple aberrant microRNA expression has been reported in gastric cancer. Among them, microRNA-335-5p (miR-335), a microRNA regulated by DNA methylation, has been reported to possess both tumor suppressor and tumor promoter activities. RESULTS: Herein, we show that miR-335 levels are reduced in gastric cancer and significantly associate with lymph node metastasis, depth of tumor invasion, and ultimately poor patient survival in a cohort of Amerindian/Hispanic patients...
2017: Clinical Epigenetics
Yanni Liu, Zeshun Yu, Fangfang Nan, Kexin Lu, Yunfang Wang, Yu Liu, Shuangyan Wei, Ruixue Wu, Ying Wang
BACKGROUND: Understanding the molecular mechanisms is important in development and therapy of endometrioid endometrial adenocarcinoma. OBJECTIVE: To identify key genes in endometrioid endometrial adenocarcinoma. METHODS: The data of mRNA, miRNA and DNA methylation were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and differential analysis was performed. Then, bioinformatic analysis was used to explore the regulatory mechanisms of miRNA and DNA methylation on gene expression...
October 13, 2017: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
Chien Cheng Liu, Jiin Tsuey Cheng, Tien Yui Li, Ping Heng Tan
Recent studies using microarray-based approaches have demonstrated that microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in pain processing pathways. However, a significant proportion of computational predictions of miRNA targets are false-positive interactions. To increase the chance of identifying biologically relevant targets, we performed an integrated analysis of both miRNA and mRNA expression profiles in the rat spinal cord during complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)-induced inflammatory pain. We generated miRNA and mRNA arrays from the same corresponding samples on Days 5 and 14 after CFA injection...
October 17, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
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