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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771083/-the-clinical-assessment-of-regional-resection-in-the-benign-tumor-of-parotid-gland
#1
H B Gu, E M Zhao, T C Li, H Shen, T C Cong, Y Qin, Y H Liu, S F Xiao
Objective: To evaluate the clinical assessment of regional resection and superficial lobe total resection in the treatment of benign tumors of the parotid gland. Method: One hundred and nighty-five patients operated in the First Hospital of Peking University from January 1998 to March 2017 with benign tumor of the parotid gland were retrospectively analyzed. There were 189 patients with single side tumor and 6 patients with bilateral sides, 157 cases underwent regional resection and the other 44 cases underwent superficial lobe total resection...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766936/risk-factors-symptom-severity-and-functional-status-among-patients-with-carpel-tunnel-syndrome
#2
F Sharief, J Kanmani, S Kumar
Background: Carpal tunnel syndrome refers to a constellation of symptoms resulting from compression of the median nerve at the wrist. The characteristic symptoms include pain and numbness in the hands. Aim: To identify the risk factors responsible for carpal tunnel syndrome, to identify the symptom severity as well as functional status of patients with carpal tunnel syndrome, and to determine the relationship between symptom severity and functional status among patients with carpal tunnel syndrome...
May 2018: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766927/microvascular-decompression-versus-stereotactic-radiosurgery-as-primary-treatment-modality-for-trigeminal-neuralgia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prospective-comparative-trials
#3
REVIEW
Ravi Sharma, Manoj Phalak, Varidh Katiyar, Sachin Borkar, Shashank S Kale, Ashok K Mahapatra
Objective: The current opinion among neurosurgeons regarding the selection between microvascular decompression (MVD) and gamma knife radiosurgery for trigeminal neuralgia is not based on clear evidence. In this meta-analysis, we have attempted to synthesize the findings of the prospective trials comparing the efficacy and complications of the two procedures as primary treatment modality for medically refractory trigeminal neuralgia. Materials and Methods: The authors performed a systematic review of PubMed for manuscripts comparing the efficacy or complications of MVD and stereotactic radiosurgery for medically refractory trigeminal neuralgia...
May 2018: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764822/numb-chin-syndrome-an-ominous-sign-of-mandibular-metastasis
#4
Abdul Razak, Bee See Goh, Jothi Raamahlingam Rajaran, Abd Jabar Nazimi
A 51-year-old woman a known case of stage 2 breast carcinoma in 2006 and underwent left mastectomy performed in the same year presented with bilateral lower limb pain suggestive of spinal pathology, and left chin numbness, both of 2 weeks' duration. Examination revealed left mandibular hypoesthesia without any other sign or symptoms. Orthopantomogram was unremarkable apart from mild alveolar bone expansion at tooth 36 area, which was extracted 3 months earlier. Subsequently, a full-body positron emission tomography contrast enhanced computer tomography revealed hypermetabolic lesions of her axial (excluding skull) and appendicular skeleton...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764674/surgical-management-of-patients-with-eagle-syndrome
#5
Frances Mei Hardin, Roy Xiao, Brian B Burkey
OBJECTIVE: Eagle syndrome, a spectrum of disease resulting from an elongated styloid process and/or calcified stylohyoid ligament, lacks standardized recommendations regarding indications for surgical intervention and approach. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Single tertiary care institution. SUBJECTS: Patients treated surgically for Eagle syndrome between January 2011 and June 2017. METHODS: Patients were diagnosed with Eagle syndrome based on thorough clinical workup and assessment...
May 9, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762925/association-between-myxomatous-mitral-valve-disease-and-skeletal-back-abnormalities
#6
Alireza Movahed, David Majdalany, Marc Gillinov, William Schiavone
BACKGROUND: Myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD) is one of the most prevalent valvular heart diseases, while back pain, neck pain and upper-extremity numbness are some of the most common complaints in outpatient settings. Decreased thoracic kyphosis (straight back) is a known cause of hastening back or neck problems, radiculopathy, or even myelopathy. The study aim was to examine the relationship between MMVD, straight back, and the need for cervical fusion. METHODS: In this single-center retrospective study, patients who underwent mitral valve repair or replacement due to MMVD (cases) based on age, gender and body mass index (BMI), were matched with patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery and had no history of mitral valve disease (controls)...
September 2017: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762249/numb-p72-but-not-numb-p65-contributes-to-the-trafficking-of-group-i-metabotropic-glutamate-receptors
#7
Na Wang, Xin-Yu Cai, Wei Gao, Ying Shen
The protein Numb localizes to clathrin-coated vesicles and participates in the trafficking of transmembrane receptors. We previous reported that Numb promotes the presence of metabotropic glutamate receptor 1 (mGlu1) on neuronal membrane, and Numb deficiency impairs synaptic expression of mGlu1. However, the actions of different Numb isoforms on mGlu1 trafficking are unknown. Here, we found that Numb-p72 and Numb-p65 are distinctly expressed in HEK293T cells. Interestingly, Numb-p72, but not Numb-p65, binds to mGlu1α and promotes the membrane expression of mGlu1α by antagonizing its internalization...
May 14, 2018: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757354/a-modified-inverted-nipple-correction-technique-that-preserves-breastfeeding
#8
Rui Feng, Weiwei Li, Bing Yu, Yudan Zhou
Background: An inverted nipple may affect the appearance of the breasts and breastfeeding, but traditional surgical procedures might injure the normal lactiferous ducts and damage sensory functions. Objectives: The aim of the study was to propose a minimally invasive and reliable method that preserves breastfeeding and corrects Grade I and II inverted nipples. Methods: This was a randomized controlled trial of 230 female patients with unilateral or bilateral inverted nipples and 30 patients with normal nipples who visited the Preconception Counseling Department of our hospital from February 2009 to January 2016...
May 11, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756749/oral-flurbiprofen-spray-effectively-reduces-postoperative-sore-throat-and-hoarseness-a-prospective-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#9
Togay Muderris, Gunay Tezcan, Mecit Sancak, Fatih Gul, Gokcer Ugur
BACKGROUND: Sore throat and hoarseness are common complications after surgery. Flurbiprofen spray has been successfully used for treatment of oral inflammations, but its effects on postoperative sore throat and hoarseness are unknown. We conducted this study to evaluate the effectiveness of flurbiprofen spray on postoperative sore throat and hoarseness, by comparing it with benzydamine hyrdrochloride spray and placebo. METHODS: One hundred fifty patients who were scheduled to undergo elective ear surgery were enrolled...
May 14, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754525/factors-affecting-surgical-outcomes-of-digital-glomus-tumor-a-multicenter-study
#10
Young Jun Kim, Dong Hee Kim, Jin Sung Park, Jong Hun Baek, Kyu Jin Kim, Jae Hoon Lee
This was a retrospective, multicentre study using data from four medical institutions of 72 patients of histologically confirmed digital glomus tumour removed by surgical excision. Mean follow-up period was 5.4 years. We investigated clinical outcomes and analysed the relationship between primary glomus tumour size, radiographic bony erosion, anatomic location, surgical approach, and surgical method as risk factors for recurrence. Complications and recurrence rate according to surgical approach and surgical method were compared...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753983/inattentional-numbness-and-the-influence-of-task-difficulty
#11
Sandra Murphy, Polly Dalton
Research suggests that clearly detectable stimuli can be missed when attention is focused elsewhere, particularly when the observer is engaged in a complex task. Although this phenomenon has been demonstrated in vision and audition, much less is known about the possibility of a similar phenomenon within touch. Across two experiments, we investigated reported awareness of an unexpected tactile event as a function of the difficulty of a concurrent tactile task. Participants were presented with sequences of tactile stimuli to one hand and performed either an easy or a difficult counting task...
May 10, 2018: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747452/cytokeratin-19-krt19-has-a-role-in-the-reprogramming-of-cancer-stem-cell-like-cells-to-less-aggressive-and-more-drug-sensitive-cells
#12
Subbroto Kumar Saha, Kyeongseok Kim, Gwang-Mo Yang, Hye Yeon Choi, Ssang-Goo Cho
Cytokeratin 19 ( KRT19 ) is a cytoplasmic intermediate filament protein, which is responsible for structural rigidity and multipurpose scaffolds. In several cancers, KRT19 is overexpressed and may play a crucial role in tumorigenic transformation. In our previous study, we revealed the role of KRT19 as signaling component which mediated Wnt/NOTCH crosstalk through NUMB transcription in breast cancer. Here, we investigated the function of KRT19 in cancer reprogramming and drug resistance in breast cancer cells...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747249/-the-surgical-management-of-nasal-skull-base-schwannoma-under-endonasal-endoscope-a-retrospective-review-of-52-cases
#13
L Yang, W D Zhao, Q Liu, H K Zhang, D H Wang
Objective: To discuss the surgical technique and outcome of nasal skull base schwannoma treated under endonasal endoscope. Methods: Fifty-two patients with nasal skull base nonvestibular schwannoma were treated under endonasal endoscope from May 2006 to June 2017 in Shanghai E&ENT Hospital. Of the patients, there were 21 men and 31 women. The age of the patients ranged from 33 to 71 years.Schwannoma mainly came from trigeminal nerve.Clinical symptoms included facial numbness, facial pain, nasal obstruction, headache, hypopsia, diplopia and tinnitus...
April 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745889/potentially-traumatic-events-ptsd-and-post-traumatic-stress-spectrum-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia
#14
Ciro Conversano, Claudia Carmassi, Carlo A Bertelloni, Laura Marchi, Tommaso Micheloni, Manuel G Carbone, Giovanni Pagni, Claudia Tagliarini, Gabriele Massimetti, Laura M Bazzichi, Liliana Dell'Osso
OBJECTIVES: Fibromyalgia (FM) is defined as a severe, chronic, non-articular rheumatic condition characterised by widespread musculoskeletal pain, hyperalgesia and generalised tender points, in the absence of inflammatory or structural musculoskeletal abnormalities. Pain is the predominant symptom, allodynia and hyperalgesia are common signs. Extreme fatigue, impaired cognition and non-restorative sleeping difficulties coexist in addition to other somatic symptoms. Several studies suggest there is a meaningful relationship between FM and the psychological symptoms of depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
April 24, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745268/first-treatment-and-retreatment-of-medically-refractive-trigeminal-neuralgia-by-stereotactic-radiosurgery-versus-microvascular-decompression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Victor M Lu, Julia B Duvall, Kevin Phan, Benjamin P Jonker
PURPOSE: Procedures to treat medically refractory trigeminal neuralgia (MRTN) include stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) and microvascular decompression (MVD). The aim of this study was to compare outcomes of SRS versus MVD in the treatment of MRTN, with a subgroup focus on those being treated for the first time. METHODS: Search strategy was performed using the PRISMA guidelines for article identification, screening, eligibility and inclusion. Relevant articles were identified from six electronic databases from their inception to June 2017...
May 10, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744050/iatrogenic-nerve-lesion-following-laparoscopic-surgery-a-case-report
#16
Michele Vecchio, Andrea Santamato, Fortunato Geneovese, Giulia Malaguarnera, Vito Emanuele Catania, Saverio Latteri
Background: Peripheral neuropathy after surgical treatment is an under recognized potential untoward event. Pelvic surgery may be associated with nerve lesions by essentially three main mechanisms: transection, entrapment and pressure-stretching; the latter is the modality most frequently linked to patient's positioning on the operating room table. Presentation of the case: A 25 years old woman, after undergoing a laparoscopic gynaecologic procedure lasted >3 hours, on postoperative day one presented with numbness over her lateral right leg and dorsum of the foot, right foot drop and gait instability due to compression-stretching of the right superficial peroneal nerve...
April 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738768/differential-effects-of-voluntary-wheel-running-and-toy-rotation-on-the-mrna-expression-of-neurotrophic-factors-and-fkbp5-in-a-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-rat-model-with-the-shuttle-box-task
#17
Masaaki Tanichi, Hiroyuki Toda, Kunio Shimizu, Minori Koga, Taku Saito, Shingo Enomoto, Shuken Boku, Fumiho Asai, Yumi Mitsui, Masanori Nagamine, Masanori Fujita, Aihide Yoshino
Life-threatening experiences can result in the development of post-traumatic stress disorder. We have developed an animal model for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) using a shuttle box in rats. In this paradigm, the rats were exposed to inescapable foot-shock stress (IS) in a shuttle box, and then an avoidance/escape task was performed in the same box 2 weeks after IS. A previous study using this paradigm revealed that environmental enrichment (EE) ameliorated avoidance/numbing-like behaviors, but not hyperarousal-like behaviors, and EE also elevated hippocampal brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) expression...
May 5, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736012/modified-16-dot-plication-technique-for-correction-of-penile-curvature-prevention-of-knot-related-complications
#18
Emad A Salem
Penile curvature is a common urological disease. Tunical plication for correction of penile curvature has been much popularized being simpler, adjustable to avoid overcorrection, less bleeding, and less postoperative erectile dysfunction. This study aims to assess the results of modified 16-dot plication technique for correction of congenital and acquired penile curvature and avoidance of knot-associated complications. Eighteen patients underwent correction of their penile curvature using the modified 16-dot plication technique between January 2014 and October 2015...
May 8, 2018: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734908/recurrent-cubital-tunnel-syndrome-caused-by-ganglion-a-report-of-nine-cases
#19
Masatoshi Komatsu, Shigeharu Uchiyama, Takumi Kimura, Naoki Suenaga, Masanori Hayashi, Hiroyuki Kato
BACKGROUND: Cubital tunnel syndrome (CuTS) is generally treated successfully by surgery and recurrent cases are rare. This study retrospectively investigated the clinical characteristics of recurrent CuTS caused by ganglion. METHODS: We evaluated nine patients who were surgically treated for recurrent CuTS caused by ganglion. Age distribution at recurrence ranged from 43 to 79 years. The initial surgery for CuTS had been performed using various methods. The asymptomatic period from initial surgery to recurrence ranged from 22 to 252 months...
June 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734905/simultaneous-compression-of-the-median-and-ulnar-nerve-at-the-elbow-a-retrospective-study
#20
Dimitrios Skouteris, Sofia Thoma, Georgios Andritsos, Nikolaos Tasios, Praxitelis Praxitelous, Vassilios Psychoyios
BACKGROUND: Simultaneous compression of the median and ulnar nerve at the elbow region has not been sufficiently highlighted in the literature. The purposes of the present study are to report our experience regarding this entity, to elucidate the clinical features, and to describe the operative technique and findings as well as the results of simultaneous decompression performed through the same medial incision. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of thirteen elbows in thirteen patients -nine men and four women- with simultaneous compression of the median and ulnar nerve at the elbow region between 2000 and 2011...
June 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
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