keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

CSF and autoimmune disease

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329729/elevated-neuron-specific-enolase-and-s100-calcium-binding-protein-b-concentrations-in-cerebrospinal-fluid-of-patients-with-anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis
#1
Baozhu Liu, Zuoshan Xie, Guanghui Liu, Yong Gu, Suyue Pan, Honghao Wang
BACKGROUND: Anti‑N‑methyl‑d‑aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is a relatively common autoimmune neurological disease of the central nervous system (CNS). Neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and S100 calcium-binding protein B (S100B) are structural proteins of the central nervous system (CNS). In patients with CNS injury accompanied by nervous tissue and cellular damage, these structural proteins are released from cells; their extracellular concentrations, including those in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and blood, subsequently increase...
January 9, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319160/macrophage-plasticity-polarization-and-function-in-health-and-disease
#2
REVIEW
Abbas Shapouri Moghaddam, Saeed Mohammadian, Hossein Vazini, Mahdi Taghadosi, Seyed-Alireza Esmaeili, Fatemeh Mardani, Bita Seifi, Asadollah Mohammadi, Jalil Tavakol Afshari, Amirhossein Sahebkar
Macrophages are heterogeneous and their phenotype and functions are regulated by the surrounding micro-environment. Macrophages commonly exist in two distinct subsets: 1) Classically activated or M1 macrophages, which are pro-inflammatory and polarized by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) either alone or in association with Th1 cytokines such as IFN-γ, GM-CSF and produce pro-inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-6, IL-12, IL-23 and TNF-α, and 2) Alternatively activated or M2 macrophages, which are anti-inflammatory and immunoregulatory and polarized by Th2 cytokines such as IL-4 and IL-13 and produce anti-inflammatory cytokines such as IL-10 and TGF-β...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310343/cerebrospinal-fluid-real-time-quaking-induced-conversion-test-for-sporadic-creutzfeldt-jakob-disease-in-an-18-year-old-woman-a-case-report
#3
Yuan Yao, Xiaoping Dong, Hongzhi Guan, Qiang Lu
RATIONALE: Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) mainly occurs in the elderly, with the peak age of onset ranging from 55 to 75 years. The symptoms of sCJD are not unique, and laboratory tests such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), electroencephalogram (EEG) and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)14-3-3 protein have low sensitivity or specificity. Therefore, excluding treatable diseases and establishing a diagnosis could be difficult in young patients with suspected sCJD. Recently, real-time quaking-induced conversion (RT-QuIC) has been used in the diagnosis of sCJD, with more than 95% sensitivity and 100% specificity...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306850/allergy-in-patients-with-anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis
#4
Xin-Yue Jiang, Le Zhang, Xian Jiang, Ammar Taha Abdullah Abdulaziz, Yun-Hui Wang, Jin-Mei Li, Dong Zhou
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Allergy is a potential outcome of dysregulated immune system. Previous studies have shown the association of allergy and autoimmune diseases, however, there is few study to investigate the relationship between allergy and anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (anti-NMDAR) encephalitis. Thus, we investigate the rate of allergy in patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis and analyze the risk factors. METHOD: The rate of allergy was investigated in patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis and was compared with patients with virus encephalitis...
January 4, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296902/regulation-of-the-maturation-of-human-monocytes-into-immunosuppressive-macrophages
#5
Defne Bayik, Debra Tross, Lydia A Haile, Daniela Verthelyi, Dennis M Klinman
Human monocytes differentiate into either proinflammatory or immunosuppressive macrophages in response to distinct stimuli. Results show that the Toll-like receptor 2/1 agonist PAM3 replicates the ability of macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) to induce the preferential generation of immunosuppressive macrophages in vitro, an activity confirmed by in vivo studies of rhesus macaques. By comparing the gene expression pattern of monocytes treated with M-CSF vs PAM3, the pathways regulating macrophage maturation were identified...
December 12, 2017: Blood Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290406/elevated-expression-of-granulocyte-macrophage-colony-stimulating-factor-receptor-in-multiple-sclerosis-lesions
#6
Jaime Imitola, Javad Rasouli, Fumihiro Watanabe, Kader Mahajan, Aswhini D Sharan, Bogoljub Ciric, Guang-Xian Zhang, Abdolmohamad Rostami
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory demyelinating and neurodegenerative disease that disproportionately affects young adults, leading to disability and high costs to society. Infiltration of T cells and monocytes into the central nervous system (CNS) is critical for disease initiation and progression. However, despite a great deal of effort the molecular mechanisms by which immune cells initiate and perpetuate CNS damage in MS have not yet been elucidated. In experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model of MS, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) produced by pathogenic Th1 and Th17 cells is critical for the recruitment of monocytes into the CNS during the initial stage of disease...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288202/gm-csf-promotes-chronic-disability-in-experimental-autoimmune-encephalomyelitis-by-altering-the-composition-of-central-nervous-system-infiltrating-cells-but-is-dispensable-for-disease-induction
#7
Patrick C Duncker, Joshua S Stoolman, Amanda K Huber, Benjamin M Segal
GM-CSF has been portrayed as a critical cytokine in the pathogenesis of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) and, ostensibly, in multiple sclerosis. C57BL/6 mice deficient in GM-CSF are resistant to EAE induced by immunization with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)35-55 The mechanism of action of GM-CSF in EAE is poorly understood. In this study, we show that GM-CSF augments the accumulation of MOG35-55-specific T cells in the skin draining lymph nodes of primed mice, but it is not required for the development of encephalitogenic T cells...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251350/engineered-cell-migration-to-lesions-linked-to-autoimmune-disease
#8
Abdullah A Mosabbir, Anam Qudrat, Kevin Truong
The damaging and degenerative effects in autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis and Crohn's disease often manifests as the formation of lesions that feature a high local concentration of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF). GM-CSF along with other pro-inflammatory factors form a positive feedback loop that ultimately perpetuate the lesions. Hence, to engineer chemotaxis to GM-CSF, we created a new chimeric GM-CSF receptor alpha subunit (GMRchi) that was coupled with a previously engineered Ca2+ -activated RhoA...
December 18, 2017: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245105/autoimmune-encephalitis-with-gabaa-receptor-antibodies-in-a-10-year-old-girl
#9
Magdalena Figlerowicz, Paweł Kemnitz, Anna Mania, Katarzyna Mazur-Melewska, Emila Tomczak, Karolina Kuls, Katarzyna Jończyk-Potoczna, Francesc Graus, Wojciech Służewski
Recent studies have indicated that some cases of nonparaneoplastic autoimmune encephalitis in children can be caused by a systemic autoimmune disorder that generates autoantibodies to cell membrane proteins. We describe the clinical features of a 10-year-old girl with autoimmune encephalitis with autoantibodies against the GABAA receptor in whom type 1 diabetes mellitus developed during the course of the disease. The diagnosis was based on the progressive course of disease, pleocytosis in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), inflammatory changes in the brain and autoantibodies against the GABAA receptor detected in serum (absent in CSF)...
December 12, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240923/neutrophil-activation-signature-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-indicates-the-presence-of-low-density-granulocytes
#10
Kavitha Ramanathan, Anna Glaser, Hanna Lythgoe, Joanne Ong, Michael W Beresford, Angela Midgley, Helen L Wright
Objective: JIA is an autoimmune, inflammatory disease with involvement of innate and adaptive immune responses. However, the role of neutrophils in JIA pathogenesis remains unclear. This study aimed to identify and validate neutrophil gene expression signatures in JIA using public microarray datasets and new clinical samples. Methods: Three suitable datasets were analysed by significance analysis of microarray and Ingenuity. Neutrophils and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated from a new cohort of JIA patients and healthy paediatric controls (HCs)...
December 12, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238019/-inflammation-and-osteoclasts
#11
Kazuhiro Yokota
  Osteoclasts are differentiated from precursors of the monocyte/macrophage lineage originated from bone marrow hematopoietic stem cells and are the sole bone-resorbing cells in the body. Osteoclast differentiation is thought to require M-CSF (macrophage colony-stimulating factor) and RANKL (receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand) signaling. However, it has recently been proposed that under chronic inflammatory conditions, such as systemic autoimmune diseases (e.g., rheumatoid arthritis), an increase in inflammatory cytokine levels within joints induces pathological osteoclast differentiation, causing excessive bone resorption...
2017: Nihon Rinshō Men'eki Gakkai Kaishi, Japanese Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222492/interaction-of-rna-binding-protein-hur-and-mir-466i-regulates-gm-csf-expression
#12
Jing Chen, William Adamiak, Ganlei Huang, Ulus Atasoy, Abdolmohamad Rostami, Shiguang Yu
Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) produced by T helper 17 (Th17) cells plays an essential role in autoimmune diseases. Transcriptional regulation of Th17 cell differentiation has been extensively studied, but post-transcriptional regulation of Th17 cell differentiation has remained less well characterized. The RNA-binding protein HuR functions to promote the stability of target mRNAs via binding the AU-rich elements of the 3' untranslated region (3'UTR) of numerous pro-inflammatory cytokines including IL-4, IL-13, IL-17 and TNF-α...
December 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203226/innately-versatile-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-17%C3%A2-t-cells-in-inflammatory-and-autoimmune-diseases
#13
REVIEW
Pedro H Papotto, Annika Reinhardt, Immo Prinz, Bruno Silva-Santos
IL-17-producing γδ (γδ17) T cells form a versatile subset of cells that respond rapidly to innate stimuli and support the pro-inflammatory functions of different myeloid and lymphoid lineages, being particularly critical in the early stages of inflammatory and autoimmune responses. In mice, under homeostatic conditions, these innate-like lymphocytes are pre-programmed in the fetal thymus, through an intricate process involving both T cell receptor-dependent and -independent signals, which allows them to readily produce IL-17 upon stimulation...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203057/febrile-infection-related-epilepsy-syndrome-fires-with-super-refractory-status-epilepticus-revealing-autoimmune-encephalitis-due-to-gabaar-antibodies
#14
D Caputo, R Iorio, F Vigevano, L Fusco
BACKGROUND: Febrile infection-related epilepsy syndrome (FIRES) has been described as an epileptic encephalopathy of unknown etiology affecting previously healthy children following febrile illness. Despite large investigations on autoimmune pathogenesis no membrane antibodies has been associated since now. CASE STUDY: We report a 13 years-old girl with negative history for neurological or autoimmune disease that developed at the sixth day of high fever a super-refractory status epilepticus...
November 24, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202602/clinical-significance-of-serum-anti-gm-csf-autoantibody-levels-in-autoimmune-pulmonary-alveolar-proteinosis
#15
Masaki Nishimura, Etsuro Yamaguchi, Ayumu Takahashi, Nobuhiro Asai, Eisuke Katsuda, Toyohiro Ohta, Yoshinori Ohtsuka, Kenshi Kosaka, Ayako Matsubara, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Norihito Yokoe, Akihito Kubo, Satoshi Konno, Kenji Baba
AIM: Precise clinical significance of antigranulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) autoantibody levels in autoimmune pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (aPAP) has not been well studied. METHODS: We obtained sera from 50 healthy controls, 46 aPAP patients, 50 with sarcoidosis, 52 with idiopathic interstitial pneumonia and 75 with pneumoconiosis. The clinical course of aPAP patients was assessed by scoring computed tomography images in 19 patients. RESULTS: The cut-off level of anti-GM-CSF IgG for discrimination between aPAP and other diffuse lung diseases was 2...
December 5, 2017: Biomarkers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197179/metagenomic-investigation-of-idiopathic-meningoencephalomyelitis-in-dogs
#16
L L Hoon-Hanks, S McGrath, K L Tyler, C Owen, M D Stenglein
BACKGROUND: Meningoencephalomyelitis of unknown origin (MUO) is a common and life-threatening neuroinflammatory disease in dogs. Features of the disease are suggestive of an underlying immune-mediated process, but the association of this disease with a pathogen is still unknown. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To search for candidate etiologic agent associated with cases if MUO using next generation metagenomic sequencing. ANIMALS: Twenty-two dogs diagnosed with either MUO (11/22; 10 CSF and 3 brain), or noninflammatory CNS diseases inconsistent with MUO (11/22; 11 CSF and 2 brain) that served as negative controls...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195113/a-case-of-multiple-sclerosis-and-necrotizing-autoimmune-myopathy-with-anti-srp-antibodies
#17
Antonio Marangi, Alberto Gajofatto, Damiano Marastoni, Francesca Gobbin, Flavio Guiotto, Paola Tonin, Maria Donata Benedetti
Only few reports exist regarding the coexistence of multiple sclerosis (MS) and autoimmune myopathies. We describe the case of a man with a long history of undiagnosed left lower limb motor impairment who was hospitalized for subacute onset of a myopathic syndrome. In addition, neurological examination revealed sensory impairment and pyramidal signs in the left limbs. Muscle biopsy revealed a necrotizing myopathy and serum anti-signal recognition particle (SRP) antibodies were found. Brain and spinal cord MRI displayed several non-enhancing demyelinating lesions, and CSF-restricted oligoclonal bands were detected...
November 23, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193473/autoimmune-glial-fibrillary-acidic-protein-astrocytopathy-in-chinese-patients-a-retrospective-study
#18
Youming Long, Junyan Liang, Huiming Xu, Qingmei Huang, Jie Yang, Cong Gao, Wei Qiu, Shaopeng Lin, Xiaohui Chen
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to describe the clinical, radiological, and pathological features of an autoimmune glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) astrocytopathy. METHODS: Data from 19 patients with positive GFAP-IgG in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: The main disease manifestations included myelitis (68.4%), headache (63.2%), abnormal vision (63.2%), fever (52.6%), ataxia (36.8%), psychosis (31.6%), dyskinesia (15...
November 29, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185463/il-27-but-not-il-35-inhibits-neuroinflammation-through-modulating-gm-csf-expression
#19
Giacomo Casella, Annamaria Finardi, Hélène Descamps, Federico Colombo, Chiara Maiorino, Francesca Ruffini, Marco Patrone, Massimo Degano, Gianvito Martino, Luca Muzio, Burkhard Becher, Roberto Furlan
IL-27 and IL-35 are heterodimeric cytokines, members of the IL-12 family and considered to have immunomodulatory properties. Their role during neuroinflammation had been investigated using mutant mice devoid of either one of their subunits or lacking components of their receptors, yielding conflicting results. We sought to understand the therapeutic potential of IL-27 and IL-35 delivered by gene therapy in neuroinflammation. We constructed lentiviral vectors expressing IL-27 and IL-35 from a single polypeptide chain, and we validated in vitro their biological activity...
November 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182448/cerebrospinal-fluid-cytokine-expression-profile-in-multiple-sclerosis-and-chronic-inflammatory-demyelinating-polyneuropathy
#20
Serena Bonin, Nunzia Zanotta, Arianna Sartori, Alessio Bratina, Paolo Manganotti, Giusto Trevisan, Manola Comar
BACKGROUND: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis in patients with particular neurologic disorders is a powerful tool to evaluate specific central nervous system inflammatory markers for diagnostic needs, because CSF represents the specific immune micro-environment to the central nervous system. METHODS: CSF samples from 49 patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP), and non-inflammatory neurologic disorders (NIND) as controls were submitted to protein expression profiles of 47 inflammatory biomarkers by multiplex Luminex bead assay to investigate possible differences in the inflammatory process for MS and CIDP...
November 28, 2017: Immunological Investigations
keyword
keyword
49859
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"