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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811647/biogenesis-of-pro-senescent-microparticles-by-endothelial-colony-forming-cells-from-premature-neonates-is-driven-by-sirt1-dependent-epigenetic-regulation-of-mkk6
#1
Stéphanie Simoncini, Anne-Line Chateau, Stéphane Robert, Dilyana Todorova, Catherine Yzydorzick, Romaric Lacroix, Isabelle Ligi, Laurence Louis, Richard Bachelier, Umberto Simeoni, Frédérique Magdinier, Françoise Dignat-George, Florence Sabatier
Senescent cells may exert detrimental effect on microenvironment through the secretion of soluble factors and the release of extracellular vesicles, such as microparticles, key actors in ageing and cardiovascular diseases. We previously reported that sirtuin-1 (SIRT1) deficiency drives accelerated senescence and dysfunction of endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFC) in PT neonates. Because preterm birth (PT) increases the risk for cardiovascular diseases during neonatal period as well as at adulthood, we hypothesized that SIRT1 deficiency could control the biogenesis of microparticles as part of a senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP) of PT-ECFC and investigated the related molecular mechanisms...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811543/4-e-p-tolylimino-methylbenzene-1-2-diol-timbd-suppresses-hiv1-gp120-mediated-production-of-il6-and-il8-but-not-ccl5
#2
Fatma Abdalla, Anantha Nookala, Subhash B Padhye, Anil Kumar, Hari K Bhat
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has been associated with inflammatory effects that may potentially result in neurodegenerative changes and a number of newer chemotherapeutic agents are being tested to ameliorate these effects. In this study, we investigated the anti-neuroinflammatory activity of a novel resveratrol analog 4-(E)-{(p-tolylimino)-methylbenzene-1,2-diol} (TIMBD) against HIV1-gp120 induced neuroinflammation in SVG astrocytes. SVG astrocytic cells were pretreated with TIMBD or resveratrol (RES) and then transfected with a plasmid encoding HIV1-gp120...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810624/high-mobility-group-box-1-protein-attenuates-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-via-inhibition-of-the-p38-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-signaling-pathway
#3
Yan-Hong Zhou, Qian-Feng Han, Lan-Hua Wang, Tao Liu, Xiao-Yan Meng, Lei Wu, Tai Li, Yue-Ru Jiao, Heng-Chen Yao, De-Yong Zhang
The present study aimed to determine the effects of high mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) on myocardial ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats following acute myocardial ischemia and investigate the underlying molecular mechanisms of these effects. Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into the following groups (n=10/group): Sham operation; I/R; HMGB50 (50 ng/kg HMGB1 before I/R); HMGB100 (100 ng/kg HMGB1 before I/R); and HMGB200 (200 ng/kg HMGB1 before I/R). Serum cardiac troponin I (cTnI), interleukin (IL)-6 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α levels were subsequently measured...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810581/protective-effect-of-glycyrrhizin-on-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-induced-oxidative-stress-inducible-nitric-oxide-synthase-and-inflammatory-reactions-through-high-mobility-group-box-1-and-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-expression
#4
Xiangna Cai, Xin Wang, Jilin Li, Shuying Chen
Glycyrrhizin, which is a type of perennial leguminous caudex, has been used in various Asian countries, including P.R. China, India and Japan, for thousands of years. The present study was designed to investigate the protective effect of glycyrrhizin on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury through oxidative stress, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and inflammatory reactions via high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) expression. Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into five groups: Sham; myocardial I/R injury + non-treated; myocardial I/R injury + 2 mg/kg glycyrrhizin; myocardial I/R injury + 4 mg/kg glycyrrhizin; and myocardial I/R injury + 10 mg/kg glycyrrhizin...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810532/plga-ctab-curcumin-nanoparticles-fabrication-characterization-and-molecular-basis-of-anticancer-activity-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer-cell-lines-mda-mb-231-cells
#5
Ramovatar Meena, Sumit Kumar, Raj Kumar, Usha Singh Gaharwar, Paulraj Rajamani
Triple-negative breast cancers (TNBC) are aggressive cancers, which do not control by hormonal therapy or therapies that target HER-2 receptors. Curcumin (Cur) has shown cytotoxic effects in multiple cancer cell lines. However, its medical uses remain limited due to low aqueous solubility and poor bioavailability. Therefore, present study was aimed to fabricate the small positive charge curcumin nanoparticles (CN) by nanoprecipitation methods using PLGA and CTAB, and to evaluate its anticancer efficacy and underlying the mechanism in triple negative breast cancer cell lines (MDA-MB-231 cells)...
August 11, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810254/insulin-influences-lps-induced-tnf-%C3%AE-and-il-6-release-through-distinct-pathways-in-mouse-macrophages-from-different-compartments
#6
Fernando H G Tessaro, Thais S Ayala, Eduardo L Nolasco, Leonardo M Bella, Joilson O Martins
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Diabetic subjects are more susceptible to infections, which is partially due to insulin deficiency and hyperglycemia. We hypothesized that insulin influences cytokine release by macrophages from diabetic C57BL/6 mice stimulated with lipopolysaccharides (LPS). METHODS: Bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDM) and tissue-specific macrophages from diabetic (alloxan 60 mg/kg, i.v.) male C57BL/6 mice were stimulated by LPS (100 ng/mL) and/or treated by insulin (1 mU/mL)...
August 15, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808342/effect-of-nitric-oxide-on-human-corneal-epithelial-cell-viability-and-corneal-wound-healing
#7
Joo-Hee Park, Ja-Yeon Kim, Dong Ju Kim, Martha Kim, Minwook Chang, Roy S Chuck, Choul Yong Park
Although the wound healing effects of nitric oxide (NO) are known, the mechanism by which NO modulates corneal wound healing remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the effect of exogenous NO donor (NaNO2) on corneal wound healing. We found that NaNO2 (0.1 μM to 100 μM) increased human corneal epithelial cell (HCEC) viability and migration. It also modulated the phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) in a time- dependent manner in those HCECs. Further, p38 MAPK phosphorylation increased at 6 h and normalized at 24 h, while the phosphorylation of extracellular signal regulated kinase (ERK) was increased both at 6 h and 24 h...
August 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807877/cryptotanshinone-promotes-commitment-to-the-brown-adipocyte-lineage-and-mitochondrial-biogenesis-in-c3h10t1-2-mesenchymal-stem-cells-via-ampk-and-p38-mapk-signaling
#8
Khan Mohammad Imran, Naimur Rahman, Dahyeon Yoon, Miso Jeon, Byong-Taek Lee, Yong-Sik Kim
Although white adipose tissue (WAT) stores triglycerides and contributes to obesity, brown adipose tissue (BAT) dissipates energy as heat. Therefore, browning of WAT is regarded as an attractive way to counteract obesity. Our previous studies have revealed that treatment with cryptotanshinone (CT) during adipogenesis of 3T3-L1 cells inhibits their differentiation. Here, we found that pretreatment of C3H10T1/2 mesenchymal stem cells with CT before exposure to adipogenic hormonal stimuli promotes the commitment of these mesenchymal stem cells to the adipocyte lineage as confirmed by increased triglyceride accumulation...
August 11, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807786/dexmedetomidine-prolongs-levobupivacaine-analgesia-via-inhibition-of-inflammation-and-p38-mapk-phosphorylation-in-rat-dorsal-root-ganglion
#9
Shunsuke Yamakita, Megumi Matsuda, Yosuke Yamaguchi, Teiji Sawa, Fumimasa Amaya
Following tissue injury, phosphorylation of p38 MAPK in the primary afferent neurons drives sensitization of peripheral nerve. Dexmedetomidine extends the duration of reginal analgesia by local anesthetics. The effect of regional analgesia on the peripheral nerve sensitization is not known. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of regional analgesia by levobupivacaine with or without dexmedetomidine on the p38 MAPK phosphorylation in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and inflammatory reaction in the peripheral tissue...
August 11, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807219/effects-of-p38-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-on-lung-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-diabetic-rats
#10
Linlin Song, Di Li, Juan Wang, Chao Meng, Xiaoguang Cui
BACKGROUND: Lung ischemia-reperfusion injury (LIRI) is a pathologic process that is observed in several clinical conditions, and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) is involved. Diabetes mellitus (DM) results in an increased incidence of ischemia-induced organ damage. The aims of this study were to examine the effects of DM on LIRI in a rat model of DM and to explore the possible mechanisms in relation to the p38 MAPK pathway. METHODS: Forty rats were randomly divided into the following five groups (n = 8 each): a control + sham group, a control + IR group (CIR), a DM + sham group, a DM + IR group (DIR), and a DM + IR + SB203580 group...
August 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807217/adenosine-triphosphate-as-a-molecular-mediator-of-the-vascular-response-to-injury
#11
Christy M Guth, Weifung Luo, Olukemi Jolayemi, Kalyan S Chadalavada, Padmini Komalavilas, Joyce Cheung-Flynn, Colleen M Brophy
BACKGROUND: Human saphenous veins used for arterial bypass undergo stretch injury at the time of harvest and preimplant preparation. Vascular injury promotes intimal hyperplasia, the leading cause of graft failure, but the molecular events leading to this response are largely unknown. This study investigated adenosine triphosphate (ATP) as a potential molecular mediator in the vascular response to stretch injury, and the downstream effects of the purinergic receptor, P2X7R, and p38 MAPK activation...
August 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804558/nadph-oxidase-2-inhibitor-diphenyleneiodonium-enhances-ros-independent-bacterial-phagocytosis-in-murine-macrophages-via-activation-of-the-calcium-mediated-p38-mapk-signaling-pathway
#12
Yuanfeng Zhu, Shijun Fan, Ning Wang, Xiaoli Chen, Yongjun Yang, Yongling Lu, Qian Chen, Jiang Zheng, Xin Liu
Activation of NADPH oxidase 2 (NOX2) triggers reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, both of which are essential for robust microbial clearance by phagocytes. However, it is unknown whether inhibition of NOX2 activation or ROS generation affects cellular phagocytosis. Here, we found that the classic NOX2 inhibitor diphenyleneiodonium (DPI) induced uptake of E. coli by murine peritoneal macrophages through enhancing phagocytosis, and this effect was temperature-sensitive and attenuated by cytochalasin D as well as chemical inhibition of Syk and PLCγ, two downstream kinases involved in actin polymerization during phagocytosis...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803836/methionine-sulfoxide-reductase-a-protects-against-lipopolysaccharide-induced-septic-shock-via-negative-regulation-of-the-proinflammatory-responses
#13
Mahendra Pratap Singh, Ki Young Kim, Geun-Hee Kwak, Suk-Hwan Baek, Hwa-Young Kim
Methionine sulfoxide reductase A (MsrA) is a major antioxidant enzyme that specifically catalyzes the reduction of methionine S-sulfoxide. In this study, we used MsrA gene-knockout (MsrA(-/-)) mice and bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) to investigate the role of MsrA in the regulation of inflammatory responses induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). MsrA(-/-) mice were more susceptible to LPS-induced lethal shock than wild-type (MsrA(+/+)) mice. Serum levels of the proinflammatory cytokines IL-6 and TNF-α induced by LPS were higher in MsrA(-/-) than in MsrA(+/+) mice...
August 10, 2017: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803254/helicobacter-pylori-cytotoxin-associated-gene-a-impairs-the-filtration-barrier-function-of-podocytes-via-p38-mapk-signaling-pathway
#14
Man Yang, Ling Wang, Li-Jie Gu, Wei-Jie Yuan
Helicobacter pylori (Hp) specific antigens were found deposited in the glomeruli in some kidney diseases. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain to be elucidated. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of cytotoxin associated gene A protein (CagA), a key virulence factor of Hp, on mouse podocytes. Cells were cultured and treated with recombinant CagA protein. The expression of the tight junction protein ZO-1 and p38 MAPK signaling pathway activation were measured with real-time RT-PCR and western blotting...
August 12, 2017: Acta Biochimica Polonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802000/pmepa1-induced-by-rankl-p38-mapk-pathway-has-a-novel-role-in-osteoclastogenesis
#15
Noboru Funakubo, Xianghe Xu, Toshio Kukita, Seiji Nakamura, Hiroshi Miyamoto, Akiko Kukita
Osteoclasts are multinucleated cells formed by fusion of preosteoclasts (POCs) derived from cells of the monocyte/macrophage lineage. We have reported a culture system that supports the formation of POCs from stroma-depleted rat bone marrow cells. Global gene expression analysis of this culture system identified genes highly expressed in POCs. Here, we have analyzed the expression and function of one of these highly expressed genes, prostate transmembrane protein androgen induced 1 (Pmepa1), a target of TGF-β and binds Nedd4 ubiquitin ligase, which plays a role in intracellular trafficking...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801998/resistin-like-molecule-beta-relm-%C3%AE-regulates-proliferation-of-human-diabetic-nephropathy-mesangial-cells-via-mitogen-activated-protein-kinases-mapk-signaling-pathway
#16
Yun-Qian Wang, Cong-Cong Fan, Bao-Ping Chen, Jun Shi
BACKGROUND Resistin-like molecule beta (RELM-β) has been reported to be associated with diabetic nephropathy (DN). However, the role of RELM-β in DN is poorly understood. This study was conducted to delineate the underlying mechanisms of action and to investigate the role of RELM-β in the primitive development of DN via MAPK signaling pathways. MATERIAL AND METHODS Lentivirus-mediated vectors and RNAi technology were used to establish the model of RELM-β up-regulated and down-regulated expression in human mesangial cells (HMCs)...
August 12, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801727/inflammation-induced-by-candida-parapsilosis-in-thp-1-cells-and-human-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-pbmcs
#17
Zhimin Duan, Xu Chen, Leilei Du, Caixia Liu, Rong Zeng, Qing Chen, Min Li
Candida parapsilosis is one of the most prevalent Candida species; however, the inflammation response induced by C. parapsilosis and related mechanism received few studies. In this study, we analyzed the pro-inflammatory cytokine responses evoked by C. parapsilosis in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and THP-1 cells, determined the signal pathways related to the inflammation response and investigated the expression of dectin-1 modified with C. parapsilosis. Exposure of PBMCs and THP-1 cells to C...
August 11, 2017: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801624/stingray-venom-activates-il-33-producing-cardiomyocytes-but-not-mast-cell-to-promote-acute-neutrophil-mediated-injury
#18
Janaina Cardoso Dos Santos, Lidiane Zito Grund, Carla Simone Seibert, Elineide Eugênio Marques, Anderson Brito Soares, Valerie F Quesniaux, Bernhard Ryffel, Monica Lopes-Ferreira, Carla Lima
One of the hallmarks of acute inflammation is neutrophil infiltration of tissues. We investigated molecular mechanisms implicated in acute neutrophilic inflammation induced by the venom of a freshwater stingray (Potamotrygon cf. henlei) in mice. Ray venom induced early mobilization of neutrophil in the microvasculature of cremaster mice and infiltration of the peritoneal cavity 2 hours after injury, in a dose-response manner. IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, and KC were produced. The neutrophilic infiltration did not occur in mice with ST2 receptor and MyD88 adapters neutralized, or in those with PI3K and p38 MAPK signaling blocked...
August 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801290/-quinalizarin-induces-apoptosis-in-gastric-cancer-ags-cells-via-mapk-and-akt-signaling-pathway
#19
Chang Liu, Ying-Hua Luo, Xian-Ji Piao, Yue Wang, Ling-Qi Meng, Hao Wang, Jia-Ru Wang, Yi Zhang, Jin-Qian Li, Cheng-Hao Jin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate quinalizarin-induced apoptosis in gastric cancer cells in vitro and explore the molecular mechanisms. METHODS: MTT assay was used to determine the cytotoxic effects of quinalizarin on human gastric cancer AGS, MKN-28 and MKN-45 cells. Annexin V-FITC/PI staining and flow cytometry were used to assess quinalizarin-induced apoptosis in AGS cells and its effect on intracellular ROS levels; the expression levels of apoptotic proteins in the cells were determined with Western blotting...
August 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801140/the-therapeutic-effects-of-longikaurin-a-a-natural-ent-kauranoid-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-depend-on-ros-accumulation-and-jnk-p38-mapk-activation
#20
Yun Che, Jingnan Wang, Zuyang Yuan, Yuan Li, Zhiliang Lu, Zhirong Zhang, Jinyao Zhang, Jun Wan, Handong Sun, Zhaoli Chen, Jianxin Pu, Jie He
Effective treatments for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), one of the most common cancers in China, are lacking. Longikaurin A (LK-A), an ent-kauranoid diterpenoid isolated from Isodon ternifolius, has been shown to have potent cytotoxic effects on ESCC cells both in vivo and in vitro, mainly by inducing apoptosis. In this study, LK-A inhibited ESCC cells viability and induced G2/M cell cycle arrest. Moreover, LK-A was also highly effective in a KYSE-30 xenograft nude mouse model. Treatment with Z-VAD(OMe)-FMK partially attenuated LK-A-induced apoptosis...
August 8, 2017: Toxicology Letters
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