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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166412/mir-195-inhibits-macrophages-pro-inflammatory-profile-and-impacts-the-crosstalk-with-smooth-muscle-cells
#1
Joao Paulo Bras, Andreia Machado Silva, George A Calin, Mario Adolfo Barbosa, Susana Gomes Santos, Maria Ines Almeida
Macrophages are a main component of atherosclerotic plaques. Recent studies suggest that pro-inflammatory M1 macrophages are pro-atherogenic while M2 macrophages promote plaque stability. Moreover, toll-like receptor signalling pathways are implicated in atherosclerotic plaque formation, evolution and regression. We propose microRNAs as key regulators of these processes. In this context, our goal is to promote inflammation resolution using miR-195 to reduce M1-like macrophage polarization and to evaluate the molecular mechanisms underlying such effect, as well as to explore the functional consequences for smooth muscle cell recruitment...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165873/andrographolide-inhibits-hypoxia-induced-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE-and-endothelin-1-expression-through-the-heme-oxygenase-1-co-cgmp-mkp-5-pathways-in-ea-hy926-cells
#2
Hung-Chih Lin, Shih-Li Su, Wan-Chun Lin, Ai-Hsuan Lin, Ya-Chen Yang, Chong-Kuei Lii, Haw-Wen Chen
Andrographolide is a potent anti-inflammatory agent found in Andrographis paniculata. Endothelin 1 (ET-1) is an endothelium-derived vasoconstrictor with pro-inflammatory properties secreted in response to hypoxia. Mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase 5 (MKP-5) is a dual-specificity phosphatase that dephosphorylates threonine and tyrosine residues of MAPKs. We showed previously that hypoxia-induced HIF-1α expression and ET-1 secretion are dependent on p38 MAPK in EA.hy926 cells. Here, we investigate what role MKP-5 plays in andrographolide's inhibition of hypoxia-induced expression of HIF-1α and ET-1...
November 22, 2017: Environmental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163427/antimycobacterial-and-anti-inflammatory-mechanisms-of-baicalin-via-induced-autophagy-in-macrophages-infected-with-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#3
Qingwen Zhang, Jinxia Sun, Yuli Wang, Weigang He, Lixin Wang, Yuejuan Zheng, Jing Wu, Ying Zhang, Xin Jiang
Tuberculosis (TB) remains a leading killer worldwide among infectious diseases and the effective control of TB is still challenging. Autophagy is an intracellular self-digestion process which has been increasingly recognized as a major host immune defense mechanism against intracellular microorganisms like Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) and serves as a key negative regulator of inflammation. Clinically, chronic inflammation surrounding Mtb can persist for decades leading to lung injury that can remain even after successful treatment...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160895/differential-expression-of-micrornas-contributed-to-the-health-efficacy-of-egcg-in-in-vitro-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-model
#4
Ying Chen, Liyong Huang, Lei Wang, Lingyun Chen, Wenhua Ren, Wenke Zhou
(-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) exhibits a broader spectrum health efficacy in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) therapy; the mechanisms, however, are largely unknown. Given that miRNAs play important roles in regulation of thousands of gene expressions, the effect of EGCG on the expression of miRNAs was investigated to explore the multi-targeting actions of EGCG by using an in vitro SAH model. MTT and western blot assays were used to assess the health effects of EGCG in SAH progression; the results showed that oxyhemoglobin (OxyHb)-induced cell proliferation and excessive autophagic activation were significantly inhibited by 50 μM EGCG, but not by 1 μM EGCG...
November 21, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160881/effect-of-nobiletin-on-the-mapk-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway-in-the-synovial-membrane-of-rats-with-arthritis-induced-by-collagen
#5
Guliang Yang, Shiming Li, Li Yuan, Yiwen Yang, Min-Hsiung Pan
Nobiletin (5,6,7,8,3',4'-hexamethoxyflavone) is a natural compound in the fruit peel of citrus fruit in the Rutaceae family. It is active in inhibiting inflammation, reducing plasma lipids and has anti-oxidative properties. In studying the effect of nobiletin on rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) model on Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats was established by bovine type II collagen (BIIC), and the effect of nobiletin on RA was investigated using hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) staining, serum enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) detection and western blotting...
November 21, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159945/cantharidic-acid-induces-apoptosis-through-the-p38-mapk-signaling-pathway-in-human-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#6
I-Che Feng, Ming-Ju Hsieh, Pei-Ni Chen, Yi-Hsien Hsieh, Hsin-Yu Ho, Shun-Fa Yang, Chao-Bin Yeh
Cantharidin analogs exhibit anticancer activities, including apoptosis. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the effects of cantharidic acid (CA), a cantharidin analog, on apoptosis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells are unclear. Thus, in this study, we evaluated the anticancer activities of CA by investigating its ability to trigger apoptosis in SK-Hep-1 cells. Our data demonstrated that CA effectively inhibited the proliferation of SK-Hep-1 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, CA effectively triggered cell cycle arrest and induced apoptosis, as determined by flow cytometric analysis...
November 21, 2017: Environmental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159762/p2y12-receptor-upregulation-in-satellite-glial-cells-is-involved-in-neuropathic-pain-induced-by-hiv-glycoprotein-120-and-2-3-dideoxycytidine
#7
Zhihua Yi, Lihui Xie, Congfa Zhou, Huilong Yuan, Shuai Ouyang, Zhi Fang, Shanhong Zhao, Tianyu Jia, Lifang Zou, Shouyu Wang, Yun Xue, Bing Wu, Yun Gao, Guilin Li, Shuangmei Liu, Hong Xu, Changshui Xu, Chunping Zhang, Shangdong Liang
The direct neurotoxicity of HIV and neurotoxicity of combination antiretroviral therapy medications both contribute to the development of neuropathic pain. Activation of satellite glial cells (SGCs) in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) plays a crucial role in mechanical and thermal hyperalgesia. The P2Y12 receptor expressed in SGCs of the DRG is involved in pain transmission. In this study, we explored the role of the P2Y12 receptor in neuropathic pain induced by HIV envelope glycoprotein 120 (gp120) combined with ddC (2',3'-dideoxycytidine)...
November 20, 2017: Purinergic Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159713/tmem88-mediates-inflammatory-cytokines-secretion-by-regulating-jnk-p38-and-canonical-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-pathway-in-lx-2-cells
#8
Tao Xu, Lin-Xin Pan, Yun-Xuan Ge, Peng Li, Xiao-Ming Meng, Cheng Huang, Jun Li
Recent data have shown that Transmembrane protein 88 (TMEM88), a newly discovered protein localized on the cell membrane, interacts with the PDZ domain of disheveled-1 (Dvl-1) in Xenopus embryos. Indeed, TMEM88 might inhibit the canonical Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway by competing with LRP5/6 for interaction with Dvl-1. TMEM88 plays a crucial role in regulating human stem cell differentiation and embryonic development. Until recently, the function of TMEM88 has been a matter of debate. In this study, we explore the role of TMEM88 in cytokine secretion and the role of the MAPK and Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α)-induced TMEM88 expression in LX-2 cells...
November 20, 2017: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158353/blood-pressure-control-by-a-secreted-fgfbp1-fibroblast-growth-factor-binding-protein
#9
Elena Tassi, En Yin Lai, Lingli Li, Glenn Solis, Yifan Chen, William E Kietzman, Patricio E Ray, Anna T Riegel, William J Welch, Christopher S Wilcox, Anton Wellstein
Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) participate in organ development and tissue maintenance, as well as the control of vascular function. The paracrine-acting FGFs are stored in the extracellular matrix, and their release is controlled by a secreted FGF-binding protein (FGF-BP, FGFBP1, and BP1) that modulates FGF receptor signaling. A genetic polymorphism in the human FGFBP1 gene was associated with higher gene expression and an increased risk of familial hypertension. Here, we report on the effects of inducible BP1 expression in a transgenic mouse model...
November 20, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158153/m3-receptor-is-involved-in-the-effect-of-penehyclidine-hydrochloride-reduced-endothelial-injury-in-lps-stimulated-human-pulmonary-microvascular-endothelial-cell
#10
Qinghong Yuan, Fei Xiao, Qiangsheng Liu, Fei Zheng, Shiwen Shen, Qianwen He, Kai Chen, Yanlin Wang, Zongze Zhang, Jia Zhan
LPS has been recently shown to induce muscarinic acetylcholine 3 receptor (M3 receptor) expression and penehyclidine hydrochloride (PHC) is an anticholinergic drug which could block the expression of M3 receptor. PHC has been demonstrated to perform protective effect on cell injury. This study is to investigate whether the effect of PHC on microvascular endothelial injury is related to its inhibition of M3 receptor or not. HPMVECs were treated with specific M3 receptor shRNA or PBS, and randomly divided into LPS group (A group), LPS+PHC group (B group), LPS + M3 shRNA group (C group) and LPS + PHC + M3 shRNA group (D group)...
November 17, 2017: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157813/anti-inflammatory-and-antiviral-activities-of-cynanversicoside-a-and-cynanversicoside-c-isolated-from-cynanchun-paniculatum-in-influenza-a-virus-infected-mice-pulmonary-microvascular-endothelial-cells
#11
Panying Wei, Tao Zhang, Hong Dong, Qiaohong Chen, Xiang Mu, Ge Hu
BACKGROUND: Outbreaks of the influenza A virus (IAV) often occur in various avian and mammalian species, including humans, causing serious respiratory injury worldwide. Therapeutic actions are limited to vaccines and a few antiviral drugs. Combination antiviral compounds and anti-inflammatory modulators to control the propagation of viruses would be more efficient therapeutic strategies for infectious diseases. PURPOSE: This study was designed to isolate anti-inflammatory and antiviral compounds from Cynanchun paniculatum and elucidate their potential molecular mechanisms...
December 1, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156799/asiatic-acid-protects-against-hepatic-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-by-inactivation-of-kupffer-cells-via-ppar%C3%AE-nlrp3-inflammasome-signaling-pathway
#12
Ying Xu, Jun Yao, Chen Zou, Heng Zhang, Shouliang Zhang, Jun Liu, Gui Ma, Pengcheng Jiang, Wenbo Zhang
Hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) contributes to major complications in clinical practice affecting perioperative morbidity and mortality. Recent evidence suggests the key role of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor (NLR) family pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammaosme activation on the pathogenesis of I/R injury. Asiatic acid (AA) is a pentacyclic triterpene derivative presented with versatile activities, including antioxidant, anti-inflammation and hepatoprotective effects. This study was designed to determine whether AA had potential hepatoprotective benefits against hepatic I/R injury, as well as to unveil the underlying mechanisms involved in the putative effects...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156696/interaction-of-microrna-21-145-and-smad3-domain-specific-phosphorylation-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#13
Ji Yu Wang, Meng Fang, Alex Boye, Chao Wu, Jia Jun Wu, Ying Ma, Shu Hou, Yue Kan, Yan Yang
MicroRNAs 21 and 145 exhibit inverse expression in Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but how they relate to Smad3 C-terminal and Link region phosphorylation (pSmad3C and pSmad3L) downstream of TGF-β/MAPK signaling, remains inconclusive. Our results suggest microRNA-145 targets Smad3 in HepG2 cells. Decreased tumor volume and increased apoptosis were produced in both microRNA-21 antagomir and microRNA-145 agomir groups compared to controls. Inhibition of TβRI and MAPK (ERK, JNK, and p38) activation respectively produced decreased microRNA-21 but increased microRNA-145 expression...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155359/4-methylthio-3-butenyl-isothiocyanate-mediates-nuclear-factor-erythroid-derived-2-like-2-activation-by-regulating-reactive-oxygen-species-production-in-human-esophageal-epithelial-cells
#14
Tadashi Hirata, Young-Man Cho, Isamu Suzuki, Takeshi Toyoda, Jun-Ichi Akagi, Yasushi Nakamura, Satoshi Numazawa, Kumiko Ogawa
4-Methylthio-3-butenyl isothiocyanate (MTBITC) extracted from daikon (Raphanus sativus), which shows antimutagenicity, may have applications as an effective chemopreventive agent in several cancers; however, few reports have described the associated mechanisms. We investigated whether MTBITC induced cytoprotective genes, including phase II enzymes, in Het-1A human esophageal epithelial cells. HMOX1, NQO1, and GCLC mRNA levels and nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2) protein levels were increased in Het-1A cells exposed to 10 μM MTBITC...
November 16, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155327/expression-profiles-of-the-p38-mapk-signaling-pathway-from-chinese-shrimp-fenneropenaeus-chinensis-in-response-to-viral-and-bacterial-infections
#15
Yuying He, Wanlong Yao, Ping Liu, Jian Li, Qingyin Wang
Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway plays an important role in cellular response to inflammatory cytokines, environmental stress and pathogenic infection, However, compared with mammals and insects, the potential function of p38 MAPK from Chinese shrimp (Fenneropenaeus chinensis) in response to viruses and bacterial infection is limited. In the study, the immune responses of four genes MKK3, MKK4, p38 and ATF-2 from F. chinensis were investigated in defending against white spot syndrome virus (WSSV), Vibrio anguillarum (V...
November 16, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155150/enhancement-of-cutaneous-immunity-during-ageing-by-blocking-p38-mapkinase-induced-inflammation
#16
Milica Vukmanovic-Stejic, Emma S Chambers, Mayte Suarez- Farinas, Daisy Sandhu, Judilyn Fuentes-Duculan, Neil Patel, Elaine Agius, Katie E Lacy, Carolin T Turner, Anis Larbi, Veronique Birault, Mahdad Noursadeghi, Neil A Mabbott, Malcolm H A Rustin, James Krueger, Arne N Akbar
BACKGROUND: Immunity declines with age that leads to re-activation of varicella zoster virus (VZV). In humans, age associated immune changes are usually measured in blood leukocytes however this may not reflect alterations in tissue-specific immunity. OBJECTIVES: We used a VZV antigen challenge system in the skin to investigate changes in tissue specific mechanisms involved in the decreased response to this virus during ageing. METHODS: We assessed cutaneous immunity by the extent of erythema and induration after intradermal VZV antigen injection...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155130/dibromoacetic-acid-induced-cl-ly1-2-9-t-cell-apoptosis-and-activation-of-mapks-signaling-cascades
#17
Xiao-Rong Zhou, Wen-Bo Jiang, Yang-Ting Zhang, Ting-Ting Gong, Shu-Ying Gao
Dibromoacetic acid (DBA), a haloacetic acid by-product of disinfection of drinking water, can cause many adverse effects in test animals, including immunotoxicity. However, the underlying molecular mechanism for the immunomodulatory effects remains unclear. The present study was undertaken to help in defining some potential mechanisms for this type of toxicity. Here, Cl.Ly1+2/-9 T-cells were exposed to varying levels of DBA and then several parameters, including cell survival, apoptosis, changes in mitochondrial potentials, and effects on select kinases (i...
November 15, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155016/topical-administration-of-reversible-sahh-inhibitor-ameliorates-imiquimod-induced-psoriasis-like-skin-lesions-in-mice-via-suppression-of-tnf-%C3%AE-ifn-%C3%AE-induced-inflammatory-response-in-keratinocytes-and-t-cell-derived-il-17
#18
Ze-Min Lin, Meng Ma, Heng Li, Qing Qi, Yu-Ting Liu, Yu-Xi Yan, Yun-Fu Shen, Xiao-Qian Yang, Feng-Hua Zhu, Shi-Jun He, Wei Tang, Jian-Ping Zuo
DZ2002, a reversible S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine hydrolase (SAHH) inhibitor with immunosuppressive properties and potent therapeutic activity against various autoimmune diseases in mice. The present study was designed to characterize the potential therapeutic effects of DZ2002 on murine model of psoriasis and reveal the correlated mechanisms. In this report, we demonstrated that in vitro, DZ2002 significantly decreased the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and adhesion molecule including IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α and ICAM-1 by inhibiting the phosphorylation of p38 MAPK, ERK and JNK in TNF-α/IFN-γ-stimulated HaCaT human keratinocytes...
November 14, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154981/egfr-family-inhibition-identifies-p38-mapk-as-a-potential-therapeutic-target-in-bladder-cancer
#19
Regina Mora Vidal, Sergio Regufe da Mota, Annette Hayden, Hannah Markham, James Douglas, Graham Packham, Simon J Crabb
Objective To investigate perturbations in downstream signalling pathway activation and potential resistance mechanisms to EGFR and/or HER2 inhibition in cell line models of bladder cancer. Methods We undertook a structured screening approach by phosphokinase array, followed by validation steps, to detect activated downstream signalling pathway nodes after therapeutic inhibition of EGFR and/or HER2 in bladder cancer cell lines. Results Erlotinib treatment of RT112 cells induced phosphorylation of 9 activated phospho-protein targets (p38 MAPK (Thr180/Tyr182), GSK-3α/β (Ser21/9), MEK1/2 (Ser218/222, Ser222/226), Akt (Ser473), TOR (Ser2448), Src (Tyr419), p27 (Thr198), p27 (Thr157) and PLCγ-1 (Tyr783)) whereas STAT4 (Tyr693) phosphorylation was reduced...
November 15, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153953/inhibition-of-curcumin-on-influenza-a-virus-infection-and-influenzal-pneumonia-via-oxidative-stress-tlr2-4-p38-jnk-mapk-and-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathways
#20
Jianping Dai, Liming Gu, Yun Su, Qianwen Wang, Ying Zhao, Xiaoxua Chen, Huixiong Deng, Weizhong Li, Gefei Wang, Kangsheng Li
Oxidative stress, Nrf2-HO-1 and TLR-MAPK/NF-κB signaling pathways have been proved to be involved in influenza A virus (IAV) replication and influenzal pneumonia. In the previous studies, we have performed several high-throughput drug screenings based on the TLR pathways. In the present study, through plaque inhibition test, luciferase reporter assay, TCID50, qRT-PCR, western blotting, ELISA and siRNA assays, we investigated the effect and mechanism of action of curcumin against IAV infection in vitro and in vivo...
November 15, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
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