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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575333/gene-expression-profiles-of-glucose-toxicity-exposed-islet-microvascular-endothelial-cells
#1
Mingming Liu, Wenbao Lu, Qunxing Hou, Bing Wang, Youming Sheng, Qingbin Wu, Bingwei Li, Xueting Liu, Xiaoyan Zhang, Ailing Li, Honggang Zhang, Ruijuan Xiu
OBJECTIVE: Islet microcirculation is mainly composed by islet microvascular endothelial cells (IMECs). The aim of the study was to investigate the differences in gene expression profiles of IMECs upon glucose toxicity exposure and insulin treatment. METHODS: IMECs were treated with 5.6 mM glucose, 35 mM glucose and 35 mM glucose plus 10-8 M insulin respectively. Gene expression profiles were determined by microarray and verified by qPCR. GO terms and KEGG analysis were performed to assess the potential roles of differentially expressed genes...
March 25, 2018: Microcirculation: the Official Journal of the Microcirculatory Society, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573266/sorafenib-paradoxically-activates-the-ras-raf-erk-pathway-in-polyclonal-human-nk-cells-during-expansion-and-thereby-enhances-effector-functions-in-a-dose-and-time-dependent-manner
#2
Julian Lohmeyer, Thomas Nerreter, Julia Dotterweich, Hermann Einsele, Ruth Seggewiss-Bernhardt
Natural killer (NK) cells play a major role in host immunity against leukemia and lymphoma. However, clinical trials applying NK cells have not been as efficient as hoped for. Patients treated with RAF inhibitors exhibit increased tumor infiltration by immune cells suggesting that a combination of RAF inhibitors with immunotherapy might be beneficial. As MAPKs such as CRAF regulate NK cell functions, we performed an in vitro investigation on the potential of clinically relevant short acting tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) as potential adjuvants for NK cell therapy: NK cells from healthy human blood donors were thus treated with sorafenib, sunitinib or the pan-RAF inhibitor ZM336372 during ex vivo expansion...
March 24, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550383/liposomal-grb2-antisense-oligodeoxynucleotide-bp1001-in-patients-with-refractory-or-relapsed-haematological-malignancies-a-single-centre-open-label-dose-escalation-phase-1-1b-trial
#3
Maro Ohanian, Ana Tari Ashizawa, Guillermo Garcia-Manero, Naveen Pemmaraju, Tapan Kadia, Elias Jabbour, Farhad Ravandi, Gautam Borthakur, Michael Andreeff, Marina Konopleva, Miranda Lim, Sherry Pierce, Susan O'Brien, Yesid Alvarado, Srdan Verstovsek, William Wierda, Hagop Kantarjian, Jorge Cortes
BACKGROUND: Activating mutations of tyrosine kinases are common in leukaemias. Oncogenic tyrosine kinases use the growth factor receptor-bound protein 2 (Grb2) for signal transduction, leading to activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) 1 and MAPK3 (ERK2 and ERK1). We hypothesised that inhibition of Grb2 would suppress ERK1 and ERK2 activation and inhibit leukaemia progression. To inhibit Grb2, a liposome-incorporated antisense oligodeoxynucleotide that blocks Grb2 protein expression, BP1001, was developed...
April 2018: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402223/morg1-mice-are-protected-from-histological-renal-damage-and-inflammation-in-a-murine-model-of-endotoxemia
#4
Tzvetanka Bondeva, Claudia Schindler, Katrin Schindler, Gunter Wolf
BACKGROUND: The MAPK-organizer 1 (MORG1) play a scaffold function in the MAPK and/or the PHD3 signalling paths. Recently, we reported that MORG1+/- mice are protected from renal injury induced by systemic hypoxia and acute renal ischemia-reperfusion injury via increased hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs). Here, we explore whether MORG1 heterozygosity could attenuate renal injury in a murine model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced endotoxemia. METHODS: Endotoxemia was induced in mice by an intraperitoneal (i...
February 5, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249052/progressive-loss-of-hybrid-histidine-kinase-genes-during-the-evolution-of-budding-yeasts-saccharomycotina
#5
Anaïs Hérivaux, José L Lavín, Thomas Dugé de Bernonville, Patrick Vandeputte, Jean-Philippe Bouchara, Amandine Gastebois, José A Oguiza, Nicolas Papon
Two-component systems (TCSs) are widely distributed cell signaling pathways used by both prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms to cope with a wide range of environmental cues. In fungi, TCS signaling routes, that mediate perception of stimuli, correspond to a multi-step phosphorelay between three protein families including hybrid histidine kinases (HHK), histidine phosphotransfer proteins (HPt) and response regulators (RR). The best known of these fungal transduction pathways remains the Sln1(HHK)-Ypd1(HPt)-Ssk1(RR) system that governs the high-osmolarity glycerol (HOG) mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway for osmo-adaptation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae...
December 16, 2017: Current Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828402/neuregulin-and-dopamine-d4-receptors-contribute-independently-to-depotentiation-of-schaffer-collateral-ltp-by-temperoammonic-path-stimulation
#6
Yukitoshi Izumi, Charles F Zorumski
Prior studies have found that dopamine (DA), acting at D4 receptors, and neuregulin (NRG), likely acting at ErbB4 receptors, are involved in a form of depotentiation of long-term potentiation (LTP) at Schaffer collateral (SC) synapses in the hippocampus. Furthermore, DA and NRG actions are intertwined in that NRG induces DA release. We previously found that low-frequency stimulation (LFS) of temperoammonic (TA) inputs to area CA1 also depotentiates previously established SC LTP through a complex signaling pathway involving endocannabinoids, GABA, adenosine, and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), but not glutamate...
July 2017: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716954/synaptically-driven-phosphorylation-of-ribosomal-protein-s6-is-differentially-regulated-at-active-synapses-versus-dendrites-and-cell-bodies-by-mapk-and-pi3k-mtor-signaling-pathways
#7
Patricia Salgado Pirbhoy, Shannon Farris, Oswald Steward
High-frequency stimulation of the medial perforant path triggers robust phosphorylation of ribosomal protein S6 (rpS6) in activated dendritic domains and granule cell bodies. Here we dissect the signaling pathways responsible for synaptically driven rpS6 phosphorylation in the dentate gyrus using pharmacological agents to inhibit PI3-kinase/mTOR and MAPK/ERK-dependent kinases. Using phospho-specific antibodies for rpS6 at different sites (ser235/236 versus ser240/244), we show that delivery of the PI3-kinase inhibitor, wortmannin, decreased rpS6 phosphorylation throughout the somatodendritic compartment (granule cell layer, inner molecular layer, outer molecular layer), especially in granule cell bodies while sparing phosphorylation at activated synapses (middle molecular layer)...
August 2017: Learning & Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323898/perfluorocarbon-reduces-cell-damage-from-blast-injury-by-inhibiting-signal-paths-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-mapk-and-bcl-2-bax-signaling-pathway-in-a549-cells
#8
Zhaorui Zhang, Zhixin Liang, Huaidong Li, Chunsun Li, Zhen Yang, Yanqin Li, Danyang She, Lu Cao, Wenjie Wang, Changlin Liu, Liangan Chen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Blast lung injury is a common type of blast injury and has very high mortality. Therefore, research to identify medical therapies for blast injury is important. Perfluorocarbon (PFC) is used to improve gas exchange in diseased lungs and has anti-inflammatory functions in vitro and in vivo. The aim of this study was to determine whether PFC reduces damage to A549 cells caused by blast injury and to elucidate its possible mechanisms of action. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A549 alveolar epithelial cells exposed to blast waves were treated with and without PFC...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157495/map-k-ing-the-path-to-stem-cell-quiescence-and-the-elusive-enteroendocrine-cell
#9
COMMENT
Simon J Leedham
The existence and interaction of proliferating and quiescent intestinal stem cells have been debated since their discovery in the 1970s. In this issue of Cell Stem Cell, using murine intestinal organoids, Basak et al. (2017) induce stem cell quiescence by selective inhibition of EGF/MAPK signaling and define culture conditions that direct differentiation to the enteroendocrine lineage.
February 2, 2017: Cell Stem Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696085/transcriptomic-effects-of-adenosine-2a-receptor-deletion-in-healthy-and-endotoxemic-murine-myocardium
#10
Kevin J Ashton, Melissa E Reichelt, S Jamal Mustafa, Bunyen Teng, Catherine Ledent, Lea M D Delbridge, Polly A Hofmann, R Ray Morrison, John P Headrick
Influences of adenosine 2A receptor (A2A R) activity on the cardiac transcriptome and genesis of endotoxemic myocarditis are unclear. We applied transcriptomic profiling (39 K Affymetrix arrays) to identify A2A R-sensitive molecules, revealed by receptor knockout (KO), in healthy and endotoxemic hearts. Baseline cardiac function was unaltered and only 37 A2A R-sensitive genes modified by A2A R KO (≥1.2-fold change, <5 % FDR); the five most induced are Mtr, Ppbp, Chac1, Ctsk and Cnpy2 and the five most repressed are Hp, Yipf4, Acta1, Cidec and Map3k2...
March 2017: Purinergic Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626031/regulation-of-muscle-stem-cell-functions-a-focus-on-the-p38-mapk-signaling-pathway
#11
REVIEW
Jessica Segalés, Eusebio Perdiguero, Pura Muñoz-Cánoves
Formation of skeletal muscle fibers (myogenesis) during development and after tissue injury in the adult constitutes an excellent paradigm to investigate the mechanisms whereby environmental cues control gene expression programs in muscle stem cells (satellite cells) by acting on transcriptional and epigenetic effectors. Here we will review the molecular mechanisms implicated in the transition of satellite cells throughout the distinct myogenic stages (i.e., activation from quiescence, proliferation, differentiation, and self-renewal)...
2016: Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27449296/transcriptome-wide-identification-of-mrnas-and-lincrnas-associated-with-trastuzumab-resistance-in-her2-positive-breast-cancer
#12
Callie R Merry, Sarah McMahon, Megan E Forrest, Cynthia F Bartels, Alina Saiakhova, Courtney A Bartel, Peter C Scacheri, Cheryl L Thompson, Mark W Jackson, Lyndsay N Harris, Ahmad M Khalil
Approximately, 25-30% of early-stage breast tumors are classified at the molecular level as HER2-positive, which is an aggressive subtype of breast cancer. Amplification of the HER2 gene in these tumors results in a substantial increase in HER2 mRNA levels, and consequently, HER2 protein levels. HER2, a transmembrane receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK), is targeted therapeutically by a monoclonal antibody, trastuzumab (Tz), which has dramatically improved the prognosis of HER2-driven breast cancers. However, ~30% of patients develop resistance to trastuzumab and recur; and nearly all patients with advanced disease develop resistance over time and succumb to the disease...
August 16, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27303665/gain-of-function-mutations-in-the-toll-like-receptor-pathway-tpl2-mediated-erk1-erk2-mapk-activation-a-path-to-tumorigenesis-in-lymphoid-neoplasms
#13
Simon Rousseau, Guy Martel
Lymphoid neoplasms form a family of cancers affecting B-cells, T-cells, and NK cells. The Toll-Like Receptor (TLR) signaling adapter molecule MYD88 is the most frequently mutated gene in these neoplasms. This signaling adaptor relays signals from TLRs to downstream effector pathways such as the Nuclear Factor kappa B (NFκB) and Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase (MAPK) pathways to regulate innate immune responses. Gain-of-function mutations such as MYD88[L265P] activate downstream signaling pathways in absence of cognate ligands for TLRs, resulting in increased cellular proliferation and survival...
2016: Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27121963/construction-and-analysis-of-protein-protein-interaction-networks-based-on-proteomics-data-of-prostate-cancer
#14
Chen Chen, Hong Shen, Li-Guo Zhang, Jian Liu, Xiao-Ge Cao, An-Liang Yao, Shao-San Kang, Wei-Xing Gao, Hui Han, Feng-Hong Cao, Zhi-Guo Li
Currently, using human prostate cancer (PCa) tissue samples to conduct proteomics research has generated a large amount of data; however, only a very small amount has been thoroughly investigated. In this study, we manually carried out the mining of the full text of proteomics literature that involved comparisons between PCa and normal or benign tissue and identified 41 differentially expressed proteins verified or reported more than 2 times from different research studies. We regarded these proteins as seed proteins to construct a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network...
June 2016: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26984351/reduced-proteolytic-shedding-of-receptor-tyrosine-kinases-is-a-post-translational-mechanism-of-kinase-inhibitor-resistance
#15
Miles A Miller, Madeleine J Oudin, Ryan J Sullivan, Stephanie J Wang, Aaron S Meyer, Hyungsoon Im, Dennie T Frederick, Jenny Tadros, Linda G Griffith, Hakho Lee, Ralph Weissleder, Keith T Flaherty, Frank B Gertler, Douglas A Lauffenburger
UNLABELLED: Kinase inhibitor resistance often involves upregulation of poorly understood "bypass" signaling pathways. Here, we show that extracellular proteomic adaptation is one path to bypass signaling and drug resistance. Proteolytic shedding of surface receptors, which can provide negative feedback on signaling activity, is blocked by kinase inhibitor treatment and enhances bypass signaling. In particular, MEK inhibition broadly decreases shedding of multiple receptor tyrosine kinases (RTK), including HER4, MET, and most prominently AXL, an ADAM10 and ADAM17 substrate, thus increasing surface RTK levels and mitogenic signaling...
April 2016: Cancer Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26787842/scaffold-protein-ahk1-which-associates-with-hkr1-sho1-ste11-and-pbs2-inhibits-cross-talk-signaling-from-the-hkr1-osmosensor-to-the-kss1-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase
#16
Akiko Nishimura, Katsuyoshi Yamamoto, Masaaki Oyama, Hiroko Kozuka-Hata, Haruo Saito, Kazuo Tatebayashi
In the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, osmostress activates the Hog1 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), which regulates diverse osmoadaptive responses. Hkr1 is a large, highly glycosylated, single-path transmembrane protein that is a putative osmosensor in one of the Hog1 upstream pathways termed the HKR1 subbranch. The extracellular region of Hkr1 contains both a positive and a negative regulatory domain. However, the function of the cytoplasmic domain of Hkr1 (Hkr1-cyto) is unknown. Here, using a mass spectrometric method, we identified a protein, termed Ahk1 (Associated with Hkr1), that binds to Hkr1-cyto...
January 19, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26725846/identifying-the-crosstalk-of-dysfunctional-pathways-mediated-by-lncrnas-in-breast-cancer-subtypes
#17
Li Wang, Jing Li, Hongying Zhao, Jing Hu, Yanyan Ping, Feng Li, Yujia Lan, Chaohan Xu, Yun Xiao, Xia Li
Crosstalk among abnormal pathways widely occurs in human cancer and generally leads to insensitivity to cancer treatment. How long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) participate in the regulation of an abnormal pathway crosstalk in human cancer is largely unknown. Here, we proposed a strategy that integrates mRNA and lncRNA expression profiles for systematic identification of lncRNA-mediated crosstalk among risk pathways in different breast cancer subtypes. We identified 12 to 44 crosstalking pathway pairs mediated by 28 to 49 lncRNAs in four breast cancer subtypes...
March 2016: Molecular BioSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26634110/substrate-dependent-activity-of-erk-and-mek-proteins-in-breast-cancer-mcf7-and-kidney-embryonic-hek-293-cell-lines-cultured-on-different-substrates
#18
Aliakbar Taherian, Thomas A Haas, Abdoulhossein Davoodabadi
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer has been one of the most common types of cancer, as the leading cause of women death in world. Breast cancer has known as a heterogenic disease that the clinical path in different patients would be very different. Since the current classification has not covered the diverse clinical course of breast cancer, lots of efforts has done to find new biological markers. Integrins are hetero dimmer proteins of α and β subunits on cell membrane. After binding to extra cellular matrix (ECM), integrins activate MAPK pathway that regulated different activities like survival, differentiation, migration, immunologic response...
October 2015: Iranian Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26300488/baicalin-alleviates-diabetes%C3%A2-associated-cognitive-deficits-via-modulation-of-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-signaling-brain%C3%A2-derived-neurotrophic-factor-and-apoptosis
#19
Ping Ma, Xiao-Yuan Mao, Xiao-Lei Li, Ying Ma, Yuan-Dong Qiao, Zhao-Qian Liu, Hong-Hao Zhou, Yong-Gang Cao
Baicalin is an important active component of the medicinal herb Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi and has shown a variety of pharmacological actions. The present study aimed to evaluate the neuroprotective effects of baicalin against diabetes‑associated cognitive deficits (DACD) in rats and to elucidate the potential molecular mechanisms of action. A rat model of diabetes mellitus was prepared by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin. After the successful establishment of the diabetic rat model, baicalin (50, 100 and 200 mg/kg) or vehicle was administrated for seven weeks...
October 2015: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26057746/families-of-micrornas-expressed-in-clusters-regulate-cell-signaling-in-cervical-cancer
#20
REVIEW
Luis Steven Servín-González, Angelica Judith Granados-López, Jesús Adrián López
Tumor cells have developed advantages to acquire hallmarks of cancer like apoptosis resistance, increased proliferation, migration, and invasion through cell signaling pathway misregulation. The sequential activation of genes in a pathway is regulated by miRNAs. Loss or gain of miRNA expression could activate or repress a particular cell axis. It is well known that aberrant miRNA expression is well recognized as an important step in the development of cancer. Individual miRNA expression is reported without considering that miRNAs are grouped in clusters and may have similar functions, such as the case of clusters with anti-oncomiRs (23b~27b~24-1, miR-29a~29b-1, miR-29b-2~29c, miR-99a~125b-2, miR-99b~125a, miR-100~125b-1, miR-199a-2~214, and miR-302s) or oncomiRs activity (miR-1-1~133a-2, miR-1-2~133a-1, miR-133b~206, miR-17~92, miR-106a~363, miR183~96~182, miR-181a-1~181b-1, and miR-181a-2~181b-2), which regulated mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK), phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase (PI3K), NOTCH, proteasome-culling rings, and apoptosis cell signaling...
2015: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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