keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

CBF

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449077/executive-network-activation-is-linked-to-walking-speed-in-older-adults-functional-mri-and-tcd-ultrasound-evidence-from-the-mobilize-boston-study
#1
Azizah J Jor'dan, Victoria N Poole, Ikechukwu Iloputaife, William Milberg, Brad Manor, Michael Esterman, Lewis A Lipsitz
Background: Changes in cerebral blood flow velocity (CBF) in response to a cognitive task (task-related ΔCBF) have been shown by Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography (TCD) to be reduced in slow walkers. However, it is unknown whether reduced task-related ΔCBF is associated with reduced neural activity in specific brain regions, as measured by blood-oxygen-level dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Methods: We assessed the regional changes in neural activity associated with reduced middle cerebral artery (MCA) task-related ΔCBF to an executive task and slow walking speed in 67 community-dwelling older adults from the MOBILIZE Boston Study...
April 26, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446622/cortical-venous-redness-represents-tissue-circulation-status-in-patients-with-moyamoya-disease
#2
Toshio Machida, Yoshinori Higuchi, Shigeki Nakano, Satoshi Ishige, Atsushi Fujikawa, Yuichi Akaogi, Junichiro Shimada, Yoichi Yoshida, Sigenori Maru, Junichi Ono
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Venous oxygen saturation (SO2) is measured in medical fields to assess tissue circulation insufficiency. This study aimed to elucidate the use of a cortical venous redness measurement to evaluate hemodynamic changes during revascularization surgery for patients with moyamoya disease. METHODS: In this retrospective case-series analysis, we first quantitatively measured and correlated SO2 and R intensity of 24-bit color digital red-green-blue pictures of blood samples from 3 volunteers...
April 26, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444357/coordinated-regulations-of-mrna-synthesis-and-decay-during-cold-acclimation-in-arabidopsis-cells
#3
Toshihiro Arae, Shiori Isai, Akira Sakai, Katsuhiko Mineta, Masami Yokota Hirai, Yuya Suzuki, Shigehiko Kanaya, Junji Yamaguchi, Satoshi Naito, Yukako Chiba
Plants possess a cold acclimation system to acquire freezing tolerance through pre-exposure to non-freezing low temperatures. The transcriptional cascade of C-repeat binding factors (CBFs)/dehydration response element-binding factors (DREBs) is considered a major transcriptional regulatory pathway during cold acclimation. However, little is known regarding the functional significance of mRNA stability regulation in the response of gene expression to cold stress. The actual level of individual mRNAs is determined by a balance between mRNA synthesis and degradation...
April 21, 2017: Plant & Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443830/paco-sub-2-sub-measurement-in-cerebral-haemodynamics-face-mask-or-nasal-cannulae
#4
Jatinder Singh Minhas, Thompson Robinson, Ronney Panerai
Objective PaCO2 affects cerebral blood flow (CBF) and its regulatory mechanisms, but the effects of CO2 measurement technique on cerebrovascular parameters are unknown. In order to determine if the two most commonly used approaches, face mask (FM) or nasal cannulae (NC), are interchangeable or not, we tested the hypothesis that the use of FM versus NC does not lead to significant differences in CO2-related systemic and cerebrovascular parameters. Approach Recordings of CBF velocity (CBFV), blood pressure (BP), heart rate, and end-tidal CO2 (EtCO2) were performed in 42 subjects during normocapnia (FM or NC) and 5% CO2 inhalation (FM) or hyperventilation (NC)...
April 26, 2017: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439740/synthetic-cold-inducible-promoter-enhances-recombinant-protein-accumulation-during-agrobacterium-mediated-transient-expression-in-nicotiana-excelsior-at-chilling-temperatures
#5
I M Gerasymenko, Y V Sheludko
OBJECTIVES: To exploit cold-inducible biochemical processes beneficial for foreign mRNA transcription, translation and storage, as well as protein product stability, during Agrobacterium-mediated transient expression. RESULTS: The efficiency of three different 5'-regulatory sequences to achieve transient expression of the GFP-based reporter gene under chilling conditions (6-8 °C since the 3rd day post inoculation) was compared. We studied the upstream sequences of a cold-inducible Arabidopsis thaliana cor15a gene, the core element of 35S CaMV promoter fused to the TMV omega 5'-UTR, and the synthetic promoter including the 35S core sequence and two binding sites for cold-inducible CBF transcription factors (P_DRE::35S)...
April 24, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435465/hypertension-cerebrovascular-impairment-and-cognitive-decline-in-aged-a%C3%AE-pp-ps1-mice
#6
Maximilian Wiesmann, Valerio Zerbi, Diane Jansen, Dieter Lütjohann, Andor Veltien, Arend Heerschap, Amanda J Kiliaan
Cardiovascular risk factors, especially hypertension, are also major risk factors for Alzheimer's disease (AD). To elucidate the underlying vascular origin of neurodegenerative processes in AD, we investigated the relation between systolic blood pressure (SBP) cerebral blood flow (CBF) and vasoreactivity with brain structure and function in a 16-18 months old double transgenic AβPPswe/PS1dE9 (AβPP/PS1) mouse model for AD. These aging AβPP/PS1 mice showed an increased SBP linked to a declined regional CBF...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435052/neurovascular-neuroenergetic-coupling-axis-in-the-brain-master-regulation-by-nitric-oxide-and-consequences-in-aging-and-neurodegeneration
#7
REVIEW
Cátia F Lourenço, Ana Ledo, Rui M Barbosa, João Laranjinha
The strict energetic demands of the brain require that nutrient supply and usage be fine-tuned in accordance with the specific temporal and spatial patterns of ever-changing levels of neuronal activity. This is achieved by adjusting local cerebral blood flow (CBF) as a function of activity level - neurovascular coupling - and by changing how energy substrates are metabolized and shuttled amongst astrocytes and neurons - neuroenergetic coupling. Both activity-dependent increase of CBF and O2 and glucose utilization by active neural cells are inextricably linked, establishing a functional metabolic axis in the brain, the neurovascular-neuroenergetic coupling axis...
April 20, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434461/effect-of-black-tea-consumption-on-radial-blood-pulse-spectrum-and-cognitive-health
#8
Chi-Wei Chang, Sheng-Hung Wang, Ming-Yie Jan, Wei-Kung Wang
Black tea consumption has been proven to improve endothelial function and to lower the risk of stroke and cognitive impairment. Several effects of black tea on cardiovascular system had been surveyed. However, the black tea effect on pressure pulse spectrum remains unknown. The study was aimed to investigate the influence of black tea on radial blood pressure and Pulse Spectrum. Fourteen healthy subjects received water and single doses of black tea (0.05g/Kg) in separate weeks. The radial blood pressure and pulse wave were measured and the pressure pulses were evaluated using harmonic analysis...
April 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434151/cbf2a-cbf4b-genomic-region-copy-numbers-alongside-the-circadian-clock-play-key-regulatory-mechanisms-driving-expression-of-fr-h2-cbfs
#9
Taniya Dhillon, Kengo Morohashi, Eric J Stockinger
The C-Repeat Binding Factors (CBFs) are DNA-binding transcriptional activators that were identified using Arabidopsis thaliana. In barley, Hordeum vulgare, a cluster of CBF genes reside at FROST RESISTANCE-H2, one of two loci having major effects on winter-hardiness. FR-H2 was revealed in a population derived from the winter barley 'Nure' and the spring barley 'Trèmois'. 'Nure' harbors two to three copies of CBF2A and CBF4B as a consequence of tandem iteration of the genomic region encompassing these genes whereas 'Trèmois' harbors single copies, and these copy number differences are associated with their transcript level differences...
April 22, 2017: Plant Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431614/permeability-surface-area-product-analysis-in-malignant-brain-edema-prediction-a-pilot-study
#10
O Volny, P Cimflova, T-Y Lee, B K Menon, C D d'Esterre
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Using an extended CT perfusion acquisition (150s), we sought to determine the association between perfusion parameters and malignant edema after ischemic stroke. METHODS: Patients (from prospective study PROVE-IT, NCT02184936) with terminal internal carotid artery±proximal middle cerebral occlusion were involved. CTA was assessed for clot location and status of leptomeningeal collaterals. The following CTP parameters were calculated within the ischemic territory and contralaterally: permeability surface area product (PS), cerebral blood flow (CBF) and cerebral blood volume (CBV)...
May 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425943/beneficial-effect-of-voluntary-exercise-on-experimental-colitis-in-mice-fed-a-high-fat-diet-the-role-of-irisin-adiponectin-and-proinflammatory-biomarkers
#11
Agnieszka Irena Mazur-Bialy, Jan Bilski, Dagmara Wojcik, Bartosz Brzozowski, Marcin Surmiak, Magdalena Hubalewska-Mazgaj, Anna Chmura, Marcin Magierowski, Katarzyna Magierowska, Tomasz Mach, Tomasz Brzozowski
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) are a heterogeneous group of disorders exhibited by two major phenotypic forms: Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Although the aetiology of IBD is unknown, several factors coming from the adipose tissue and skeletal muscles, such as cytokines, adipokines and myokines, were suggested in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis; however, it has not been extensively studied whether voluntary exercise can ameliorate that disorder. We explored the effect of moderate exercise (i...
April 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425701/the-effects-of-glutamate-receptor-activation-on-local-oxygen-changes
#12
Lindsay Walton, Nick G Boustead, Susan Carroll, R Mark Wightman
Glutamate is ubiquitous throughout the brain and serves as the primary excitatory neurotransmitter. Neurons require energy to fire, and energetic substrates (i.e., O2, glucose) are renewed via cerebral blood flow (CBF) to maintain metabolic homeostasis. Magnetic resonance brain functionality studies rely on the assumption that CBF and neuronal activity are coupled consistently throughout the brain; however, the origin of neuronal activity does not always coincide with signals indicative of energy consumption (e...
April 20, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422293/an-autocrine-atp-release-mechanism-regulates-basal-ciliary-activity-in-airway-epithelium
#13
Karla Droguett, Mariana Rios, Daniela V Carreño, Camilo Navarrete, Christian Fuentes, Manuel Villalón, Nelson P Barrera
Extracellular nucleotides, including ATP, are locally released by the airway epithelium and stimulate ciliary activity in a [Ca(2+) ]i dependent manner after mechanical stimulation of ciliated cells. However, it is unclear if the released ATP is involved in regulating basal ciliary activity and mediating changes in ciliary activity in response to chemical stimulation. In this study we evaluated ciliary beat frequency (CBF) and ciliary beating forces in primary cultures from mouse tracheal epithelium, using videomicroscopy and atomic force microscopy (AFM), respectively...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421854/reduction-of-bold-interference-in-pseudo-continuous-arterial-spin-labeling-towards-quantitative-fmri
#14
Geoffrey Warnock, Pinar S Özbay, Felix P Kuhn, Daniel Nanz, Alfred Buck, Andreas Boss, Cristina Rossi
Fluctuations in blood-oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) signal and perfusion affect the quantification of changes in cerebral blood flow (CBF), coupled to neuronal activity, in arterial spin labeling (ASL). Subtraction methods for control and labeled MR images (i.e. pair-wise, surround subtraction, and subtraction of sinc-interpolated images), postulated to mitigate this interference in pseudo-continuous ASL (pCASL), were evaluated by comparison with quantitative (15)O-water PET. At rest, a good agreement in the CBF values was found between PET and MRI for each of the subtraction methods...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421851/global-and-multi-focal-changes-in-cerebral-blood-flow-during-subthalamic-nucleus-stimulation-in-parkinson-s-disease
#15
Asim M Mubeen, Babak Ardekani, Michele Tagliati, Ron Alterman, Vijay Dhawan, David Eidelberg, John J Sidtis
Electrical stimulation of subthalamic nuclei (STN) is a widely used therapy in Parkinson's disease (PD). While deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the STN alters the neurophysiological activity in basal ganglia, the therapeutic mechanism has not been established. A positron emission tomography (PET) study of cerebral blood flow (CBF) during speech production in PD subjects treated with STN-DBS found significant increases in global (whole-brain) CBF.(1) That study utilized a series of whole-slice regions of interest to obtain global CBF values...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420470/-explore-objective-clinical-variables-for-detecting-delirium-in-icu-patients-a-prospective-case-control-study
#16
Xiaojiang Liu, Jie Lyu, Youzhong An
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this case-control study is to explore clinical objective variables for diagnosing delirium of intensive care unit (ICU) patients. METHODS: According to the method of prospective case-control study, critical adult postoperative patients who were transferred to ICU of Peking University People's Hospital from October 2015 to May 2016 and needed mechanical ventilation were included. After evaluating the Richmond agitation sedation scale score (RASS), the patients whose score were -2 or greater were sorted into two groups, delirium and non-delirium, according to the confusion assessment method for the ICU (CAM-ICU)...
April 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419345/dehydration-responsive-element-binding-transcription-factors-and-their-applications-for-the-engineering-of-stress-tolerance
#17
Pradeep K Agarwal, Kapil Gupta, Sergiy Lopato, Parinita Agarwal
Dehydration responsive element binding (DREB) factors or CRT element binding factors (CBFs) are members of the AP2/ERF family, which comprises a large number of stress-responsive regulatory genes. This review traverses almost two decades of research, from the discovery of DREB/CBF factors to their optimization for application in plant biotechnology. In this review, we describe (i) the discovery, classification, structure, and evolution of DREB genes and proteins; (ii) induction of DREB genes by abiotic stresses and involvement of their products in stress responses; (iii) protein structure and DNA binding selectivity of different groups of DREB proteins; (iv) post-transcriptional and post-translational mechanisms of DREB transcription factor (TF) regulation; and (v) physical and/or functional interaction of DREB TFs with other proteins during plant stress responses...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419229/non-invasive-assessment-of-cerebral-oxygen-metabolism-following-surgery-of-congenital-heart-disease
#18
Felix Neunhoeffer, Katharina Sandner, Milena Wiest, Christoph Haller, Hanna Renk, Matthias Kumpf, Christian Schlensak, Michael Hofbeck
OBJECTIVES: Cerebral protection is a major issue in the treatment of infants with complex congenital heart disease. We tested a new device combining tissue spectrometry and laser Doppler flowmetry for non-invasive determination of cerebral oxygen metabolism following cardiac surgery in infants. METHODS: We prospectively measured regional cerebral oxygen saturation cSO 2 and microperfusion (rcFlow) in 43 infants 12-24 h following corrective ( n  = 30) or palliative surgery ( n  = 13) of congenital heart defects...
April 16, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417913/comparative-study-on-the-antivirus-activity-of-shuang-huang-lian-injectable-powder-and-its-bioactive-compound-mixture-against-human-adenovirus-iii-in-vitro
#19
Qinhai Ma, Dedong Liang, Shuai Song, Qintian Yu, Chunyu Shi, Xuefeng Xing, Jia-Bo Luo
Shuang-Huang-Lian injectable powder (SHL)-a classical purified herbal preparation extracted from Scutellaria baicalensis, Lonicera japonica, and Forsythia suspense-has been used against human adenovirus III (HAdV₃) for many years. The combination herb and its major bioactive compounds, including chlorogenic acid, baicalin, and forsythia glycosides A, are effective inhibitors of the virus. However, no comprehensive studies are available on the antiviral effects of SHL against HAdV₃. Moreover, it remains unclear whether the mixture of chlorogenic acid, baicalin, and forsythia glycosides A (CBF) has enhanced antiviral activity compared with SHL...
April 12, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414264/the-rice-transcription-factors-osice-confer-enhanced-cold-tolerance-in-transgenic-arabidopsis
#20
Cuiyun Deng, Haiyan Ye, Meng Fan, Tongliang Pu, Jianbin Yan
Cold stress is one of the major constraints for crop yield. Plants have in turn evolved highly sophisticated mechanisms involving altered physiological and biochemical processes to cope with the cold stress. Previous studies have revealed that the INDUCER OF CBF EXPRESSION 1 (ICE1), a basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factor, directly binds and activates the expression of C-Repeat Binding Factor/Dehydration-Responsive-Element-Binding protein (CBF/DREB1) to regulate the cold-response pathway in Arabidopsis thaliana...
April 17, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
keyword
keyword
49852
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"