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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648002/-application-value-of-whole-brain-3d-artery-spin-labeling-in-diagnosis-of-intracranial-tumors
#1
Q Q Zhao, Q X Yang, G X Xu, Y C Lü, D L Rong, L Liu, R Zhang
Objective: To investigate the perfusion characteristics of arterial spin labeling (ASL) in intracranial tumor and its application value in classification. Methods: The clinical, pathological and imaging data of 44 patients with gliomas confirmed by pathology were analyzed retrospectively, including 9 low grade gliomas, 15 high grade gliomas, 11 cases of meningiomas, 6 cases of neurilemmoma, 3 cases of metastatic tumors.Conventional plain scan, 3D- ASL and MRI dynamic enhanced imaging (DSC-MRI) were performed...
June 20, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642732/autonomic-function-impairment-and-brain-perfusion-deficit-in-parkinson-s-disease
#2
Wei-Che Lin, Pei-Chin Chen, Chih-Cheng Huang, Nai-Wen Tsai, Hsiu-Ling Chen, Hung-Chen Wang, Kun-Hsien Chou, Meng-Hsiang Chen, Yi-Wen Chen, Cheng-Hsien Lu
INTRODUCTION: Autonomic disorders have been recognized as important Parkinson's disease (PD) components. Some vulnerable structures are related to the central autonomic network and have also been linked to autonomic function alterations. The aims of the study are to evaluate the severity of the autonomic dysfunction and the cortical hypoperfusion using arterial spin labeling (ASL) MRI. And then, possible relationships of significant between-group differences in perfusion pattern to clinical variables and autonomic functions were examined to determine the pharmaceutical effects of dopaminergic treatment on cerebral blood flow (CBF) in patients with PD...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642699/cerebral-blood-flow-and-amyloid-%C3%AE-interact-to-affect-memory-performance-in-cognitively-normal-older-adults
#3
Katherine J Bangen, Alexandra L Clark, Emily C Edmonds, Nicole D Evangelista, Madeleine L Werhane, Kelsey R Thomas, Lyzette E Locano, My Tran, Zvinka Z Zlatar, Daniel A Nation, Mark W Bondi, Lisa Delano-Wood
Cerebral blood flow (CBF) alterations and amyloid-β (Aβ) accumulation have been independently linked to cognitive deficits in older adults at risk for dementia. Less is known about how CBF and Aβ may interact to affect cognition in cognitively normal older adults. Therefore, we examined potential statistical interactions between CBF and Aβ status in regions typically affected in Alzheimer's disease (AD) within a sample of older adults from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) study. Sixty-two cognitively normal participants (mean age = 72 years) underwent neuroimaging and memory testing...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639837/measuring-cerebrovascular-autoregulation-in-preterm-infants-using-near-infrared-spectroscopy-an-overview-of-the-literature
#4
Elisabeth M W Kooi, Elise A Verhagen, Jan Willem J Elting, Marek Czosnyka, Topun Austin, Flora Y Wong, Marcel J H Aries
The preterm born infant's ability to regulate its cerebral blood flow (CBF) is crucial in preventing secondary ischemic and hemorrhagic damage in the developing brain. The relationship between arterial blood pressure (ABP) and CBF estimates, such as regional cerebral oxygenation as measured by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), is an attractive option for continuous non-invasive assessment of cerebrovascular autoregulation. Areas covered: The authors performed a literature search to provide an overview of the current literature on various current clinical practices and methods to measure cerebrovascular autoregulation in the preterm infant by NIRS...
June 22, 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639001/sanguinate%C3%A2-pegylated-carboxyhemoglobin-bovine-improves-cerebral-blood-flow-to-vulnerable-brain-regions-at-risk-of-delayed-cerebral-ischemia-after-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#5
Rajat Dhar, Hemant Misra, Michael N Diringer
BACKGROUND: Delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) has been linked to focal reductions in cerebral blood flow (CBF) and microvascular impairments in oxygen delivery. Effective therapies that restore flow and oxygen transport to vulnerable brain regions are currently lacking. SANGUINATE is a dual-action carbon monoxide-releasing and hemoglobin-based oxygen transfer agent with efficacy in animal models of focal brain ischemia and tolerability in patients with sickle cell disease...
June 21, 2017: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637413/early-phase-18f-av-45-pet-imaging-can-detect-crossed-cerebellar-diaschisis-following-carotid-artery-stenosis-and-cerebral-hypoperfusion
#6
Tsong-Hai Lee, Kuo-Lun Huang, Ting-Yu Chang, Meng-Yang Ho, Shiaw-Pyng Wey, Chia-Ju Hsieh, Tzu-Chen Yen, Kun-Ju Lin, Ing-Tsung Hsiao
Background Carotid artery stenosis (CAS) may induce cerebral hypoperfusion. Early-phase 18F-Florbetapir (AV-45/Amyvid, 18F-AV-45) positron emission tomography (PET) imaging can provide perfusion-like property (pAV-45) for the estimation of cerebral blood flow (CBF). Supra-tentorial lesions may cause decreased blood flow and metabolism in the contralateral cerebellum known as crossed cerebellar diaschisis (CCD). Objective To study the occurrence of CCD after CAS using pAV-45 PET. Methods Eleven healthy controls and 21 patients with unilateral CAS were studied...
June 21, 2017: Current Neurovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631948/possible-contribution-of-pannexin-1-to-capsaicin-induced-atp-release-in-rat-nasal-columnar-epithelial-cells
#7
Toyoaki Ohbuchi, Ba Hung Do, Hiroki Koizumi, Shoko Takeuchi, Yoichi Ueta, Hideaki Suzuki
Current evidence indicates that transient receptor potential (TRP) channel activity involves a relationship between opening of pannexin-1 and release of ATP into the extracellular space. We examined the effects of agonists of thermosensitive TRP channels (TRPM8, TRPA1, TRPV1, and TRPV2) on ATP release from rat nasal mucosa, and measured ciliary beat frequency (CBF) using digital high-speed video imaging. Single-cell patch clamping from dissociated rat nasal columnar epithelial cells was performed to confirm the relationship between pannexin-1 and TRP...
February 10, 2017: Channels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629320/transcriptomic-changes-reveal-gene-networks-responding-to-the-overexpression-of-a-blueberry-dwarf-and-delayed-flowering-1-gene-in-transgenic-blueberry-plants
#8
Guo-Qing Song, Xuan Gao
BACKGROUND: Constitutive expression of the CBF/DREB1 for increasing freezing tolerance in woody plants is often associated with other phenotypic changes including dwarf plant and delayed flowering. These phenotypic changes have been observed when Arabidopsis DWARF AND DELAYED FLOWERING 1 (DDF1) was overexpressed in A. thaliana plants. To date, the DDF1 orthologues have not been studied in woody plants. The aim of this study is to investigate transcriptomic responses to the overexpression of blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) DDF1 (herein, VcDDF1-OX)...
June 19, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627298/a-prospective-transcranial-doppler-ultrasound-based-evaluation-of-the-acute-and-cumulative-effects-of-sport-related-concussion-on-neurovascular-coupling-response-dynamics
#9
Alexander D Wright, Jonathan D Smirl, Kelsey Bryk, Paul van Donkelaar
Sport-related concussion has been shown to alter cerebral blood flow (CBF) both acutely and chronically, and may exert cumulative effects across multiple injuries. Such dysfunction may be mediated by trauma-induced deficits to CBF control mechanisms, though our understanding of these effects is limited, including dynamics of neurovascular coupling (NVC) responses (i.e. CBF responses to neurologic demand). 179 junior-level contact sport athletes completed preseason testing - 42 reported never having experienced a concussion (Hx-) while 31 had endured three or more (Hx3+)...
June 18, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619834/temporal-and-spatial-variances-in-arterial-spin-labeling-are-inversely-related-to-large-artery-blood-velocity
#10
A D Robertson, G Matta, V S Basile, S E Black, C K Macgowan, J A Detre, B J MacIntosh
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The relationship between extracranial large-artery characteristics and arterial spin-labeling MR imaging may influence the quality of arterial spin-labeling-CBF images for older adults with and without vascular pathology. We hypothesized that extracranial arterial blood velocity can explain between-person differences in arterial spin-labeling data systematically across clinical populations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed consecutive pseudocontinuous arterial spin-labeling and phase-contrast MR imaging on 82 individuals (20 - 88 years of age, 50% women), including healthy young adults, healthy older adults, and older adults with cerebral small vessel disease or chronic stroke infarcts...
June 15, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618016/abcg2-and-cd200-define-patients-at-high-risk-of-relapse-in-enl-favorable-subgroup-of-aml
#11
Mario Tiribelli, Antonella Geromin, Margherita Cavallin, Sara Di Giusto, Erica Simeone, Renato Fanin, Daniela Damiani
OBJECTIVE: overexpression of ABCG2 and CD200 have been independently associated with poor outcome in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, no data are available on the role of these two factors in patients with core binding factor (CBF) positive or FLT3-negative / NPM1-mutated cytogenetically normal (CN) AML. METHODS: we analyzed 65 adult AML patients with CBF+ (n=16) or FLT3-/NPM1+ CN (n=49), evaluating clinical and biological factors associated with complete remission attainment, leukemia-free survival (LFS) and overall survival (OS)...
June 15, 2017: European Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616535/effect-of-intravenous-infusion-of-iodinated-contrast-media-on-the-coronary-blood-flow-in-dogs
#12
Thura T Abd, Asim I Shafique, Hayder S Yasir, Jung-Hee Seo, Richard T George, Rajat Mittal, Albert C Lardo
BACKGROUND: Coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) is obtained using peripheral intravenous iodinated contrast agents (ICA) injection. There is continuing attempts to derive coronary physiological information like coronary blood flow (CBF) and/or fractional flow reserve from CCTA images. However, no data is available regarding the effect of peripheral intravenous injection of ICA on CBF. METHODS: A series of 4 experiments was performed using healthy mongrel dogs...
September 2016: IJC Heart & Vasculature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610902/post-stimulus-fmri-and-eeg-responses-evidence-for-a-neuronal-origin-hypothesised-to-be-inhibitory
#13
K J Mullinger, M T Cherukara, R B Buxton, S T Francis, S D Mayhew
Post-stimulus undershoots, negative responses following cessation of stimulation, are widely observed in functional magnetic resonance (fMRI) blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) data. However, the debate surrounding whether the origin of this response phase is neuronal or vascular, and whether it provides functionally relevant information, that is additional to what is contained in the primary response, means that undershoots are widely overlooked. We simultaneously recorded electroencephalography (EEG), BOLD and cerebral blood-flow (CBF) [obtained from arterial spin labelled (ASL) fMRI] fMRI responses to hemifield checkerboard stimulation to test the potential neural origin of the fMRI post-stimulus undershoot...
June 10, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606040/recent-advances-in-pathophysiology-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#14
Parmeet Kaur, Saurabh Sharma
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) constitutes the primary reason for mortality and morbidity in persons worldwide below 45 years of age. 1.7 million Traumatic events occur yearly in the United States alone, considering for 50,000 deaths. In severe traumatic brain injury sufferers, a considerable achievement attained in treating short-term consequences; but till date, huge failures are occurring in researcher's capability to render severe traumatic brain injury sufferers to an elevated degree of performing. Initial damage force results in Primary brain injury, causing tissue destruction and distortion in the early post-injury period...
June 12, 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603687/prematurity-and-brain-perfusion-arterial-spin-labeling-mri
#15
Domenico Tortora, Peter Angelo Mattei, Riccardo Navarra, Valentina Panara, Rita Salomone, Andrea Rossi, John A Detre, Massimo Caulo
PURPOSE: Abnormal brain perfusion is a critical mechanism in neonatal brain injury. The aim of the present study was to compare Cerebral Blood Flow (CBF) evaluated with ASL MRI in three groups of neonates: preterms without brain lesions on MRI (PN), preterms with periventricular white matter lesions (PNp) and term neonates with normal MRI (TN). The correlation between CBF and clinical outcome was explored. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The institutional review board approved this prospective study and waived informed consent...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603083/overexpressing-ibcbf3-increases-low-temperature-and-drought-stress-tolerance-in-transgenic-sweetpotato
#16
Rong Jin, Beg Hab Kim, Chang Yoon Ji, Ho Soo Kim, Hong Min Li, Dai Fu Ma, Sang-Soo Kwak
Dehydration-responsive element-binding/C-repeat-binding factor (DREB/CBF) proteins regulate the transcription of genes involved in cold acclimation in several species. However, little is known about the physiological functions of CBF proteins in the low temperature-sensitive crop sweetpotato. We previously reported that the DREB1/CBF-like sweetpotato gene SwDREB1/IbCBF3 is involved in responses to diverse abiotic stresses. In this study, we confirmed that IbCBF3 is localized to the nucleus and binds to the C-repeat/dehydration-responsive elements (CRT/DRE) in the promoters of cold-regulated (COR) genes...
June 3, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600679/resting-state-bold-oscillation-frequency-predicts-vigilance-task-performance-at-both-normal-and-high-environmental-temperatures
#17
Xiaopeng Song, Shaowen Qian, Kai Liu, Shuqin Zhou, Huaiqiu Zhu, Qihong Zou, Yijun Liu, Gang Sun, Jia-Hong Gao
Hyperthermia may impair vigilance functions and lead to slower reaction times (RTs) in the psychomotor vigilance task (PVT) and possibly disturbing cerebral hemodynamic rhythms. To test these hypotheses, we acquired the resting-state BOLD and cerebral blood flow (CBF) data, as well as PVTRTs from 15 participants in two simulated environmental thermal conditions (50 °C/25 °C). We adopted a data-driven method, frequency component analysis, to quantify the mean frequency of the BOLD series of each voxel. Across-subject correlation analysis was employed to detect the brain areas whose BOLD oscillation frequency was correlated with the RTs...
June 9, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600481/optimal-thresholds-for-ischemic-penumbra-predicted-by-computed-tomography-perfusion-in-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke-treated-with-mechanical-thrombectomy
#18
Katsuharu Kameda, Junji Uno, Ryosuke Otsuji, Nice Ren, Shintaro Nagaoka, Kazushi Maeda, Yoshiaki Ikai, Hidefuku Gi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Optimal thresholds for ischemic penumbra detected by CT perfusion (CTP) in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) have not been elucidated. In this study we investigated optimal thresholds for salvageable ischemic penumbra and the risk of hemorrhagic transformation (HT). METHODS: A total of 156 consecutive patients with AIS treated with mechanical thrombectomy (MT) at our hospital were enrolled. Absolute (a) and relative (r) CTP parameters including cerebral blood flow (aCBF and rCBF), cerebral blood volume (aCBV and rCBV), and mean transit time (aMTT and rMTT) were evaluated for their value in detecting ischemic penumbra in each of seven arbitrary regions of interest defined by the major supplying blood vessel...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600353/age-or-ischemia-uncouples-the-blood-flow-response-tissue-acidosis-and-the-direct-current-potential-signature-of-spreading-depolarization-in-the-rat-brain
#19
Ákos Menyhárt, Dániel Zölei-Szénási, Tamás Puskás, Péter Makra, Ferenc Bari, Eszter Farkas
Spreading depolarization (SD) events contribute to lesion maturation in the acutely injured human brain. Neurodegeneration related to SD is thought to be caused by the insufficiency of the cerebral blood flow (CBF) response; yet, the mediators of the CBF response, or their deficiency in the aged or ischemic cerebral cortex remain the target of intensive research. Here we postulate that tissue pH effectively modulates the magnitude of hyperemia in response to SD, which coupling is prone to be dysfunctional in the aged or ischemic cerebral cortex...
June 9, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598243/advances-in-arterial-spin-labelling-mri-methods-for-measuring-perfusion-and-collateral-flow
#20
Matthias Jp van Osch, Wouter M Teeuwisse, Zhensen Chen, Yuriko Suzuki, Michael Helle, Sophie Schmid
With the publication in 2015 of the consensus statement by the perfusion study group of the International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine (ISMRM) and the EU-COST action 'ASL in dementia' on the implementation of arterial spin labelling MRI (ASL) in a clinical setting, the development of ASL can be considered to have become mature and ready for clinical prime-time. In this review article new developments and remaining issues will be discussed, especially focusing on quantification of ASL as well as on new technological developments of ASL for perfusion imaging and flow territory mapping...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
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