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vagal schwannoma

Ishtyaque Ansari, Ashfaque Ansari, Arjun Antony Graison, Anuradha J Patil, Hitendra Joshi
Background: Schwannomas, also known as neurilemmomas, are benign peripheral nerve sheath tumors. They originate from any nerve covered with schwann cell sheath. Schwannomas constitute 25-45% of tumors of the head and neck. About 4% of head and neck schwannomas present as a sinonasal schwannoma. Brachial plexus schwannoma constitute only about 5% of schwannomas. Cervical vagal schwannomas constitute about 2-5% of neurogenic tumors. Methods: We present a case series of 5 patients of schwannomas, one arising from the maxillary branch of trigeminal nerve in the maxillary sinus, second arising from the brachial plexus, third arising from the cervical vagus, and two arising from cervical spinal nerves...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Simon R Best, Julie Ahn, Shannon Langmead, Vaninder Dhillon, Alexander T Hillel, Lee M Akst, Jaishri O Blakeley
Objective Neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2) is a neuro-oncologic condition that presents with bilateral vestibular schwannomas of the cerebellopontine angle (CPA). Voice and swallowing impairment can occur from direct involvement or compression of the vagus nerve or as the result of surgical excision of CPA tumors. The objectives in this study are to (1) assess the prevalence of voice and swallowing impairments and (2) analyze the effects of vagal dysfunction in patients with NF2. Study Design Cross-sectional. Setting Academic tertiary care center...
March 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Sally A Itawi, Mark Buehler, Robert E Mrak, Tarek R Mansour, Yacine Medhkour, Azedine Medhkour
Carotid splaying, also known as the Lyre sign, is a widening of the carotid bifurcation due to the displacement of the internal carotid artery and the external carotid artery just distal to the point of divergence. This phenomenon is classically exhibited by highly vascularized carotid body tumors and, in rare cases, by cervical sympathetic chain schwannomas. Demonstration of the Lyre sign by a cervical vagal neurofibroma, however, is a unique occurrence that has not been previously documented in the literature...
September 7, 2017: Curēus
Conor Carroll, Manish Jagatiya, Dia Kamel, Jamal Siddiqi
INTRODUCTION: Tumours of the parapharyngeal space are rare. Only 0.5% of head and neck tumours occur in this space. Surgical excision of parapharyngeal space lesions is challenging because of the anatomical complexity of the area. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 31-year-old male patient was referred by his general dental practitioner for removal of lower wisdom teeth due to multiple episodes of pericoronitis. At the initial examination, an incidental finding was made of a large fluctuant posterior oropharyngeal swelling...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Sravanthi Nagavalli, Marelle Yehuda, Laron W McPhaul, Andrew G Gianoukakis
BACKGROUND: We present a case of a cervical schwannoma, likely originating from the pharyngeal plexus of the vagal nerve. The lesion masqueraded as a thyroid nodule and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) assisted in preoperative diagnosis. We review the radiographic characteristics of nerve sheath tumors on MRI as well as the diagnostic cytologic stains which can enhance the possibility of a correct preoperative diagnosis. CASE: We describe a 60-year-old female with dysphagia and a neck mass consistent with a nodular goiter...
July 2017: European Thyroid Journal
Mohammad Mussadaq Khan, Mohammad Iqbal Khan, Hussan Ali, Tehreem Kazmi, Hania Iqbal
BACKGROUND: Neuroendocrine tumors of the neck are rare swellings, which constitute about 0.03% of all tumors. Most are sporadically arising paragangliomas. Over 50% arise from the carotid bodies and pose difficulties in diagnosis and surgical management, which may result in disabling complications. OBJECTIVE: To determine the diagnostic, surgical, and postoperative challenges, and how to overcome them, in the management of neuroendocrine tumors of the neck. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive case series...
November 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Benedikt Höing, Boris A Stuck, Benjamin Kansy, Timon Hussain, Anke Schlüter, Laura Holtmann, Adrian Ringelstein, Stefan Mattheis, Stephan Lang, Nina Dominas
Background Schwannomas are rare benign tumors originating from the perineural cells forming the myelin layer in the peripheral nervous system (PNS). While well established therapeutic concepts exist for intracranial schwannomas, there is a lack of consistent clinical standards for extracranial schwannomas. Method This retrospective study describes the clinical pathway of 20 patients with histologically proven extracranial schwannomas of the head and neck. The diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for schwannomas are discussed with special emphasis on localization and functional outcome...
September 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
Suman Saini, Nikki Sabharwal, Nidhi Agrawal, Bhupender Singh
Schwannomas arising from cervical vagus nerve is an extremely rare benign neoplasm. The majority of patients present with insidiously growing lateral neck mass without neurological deficit. We report a case of symptomatic cervical vagal nerve schwannoma in a 32-year-old female. Complete surgical resection is the treatment of choice. However, anesthetic management of these tumors can be challenging. We describe here the complications experienced during the management of the patient.
January 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Shaolong Yang, Danhui Zhao, Jie Wei, Peifeng Li
Neurogenic neoplasms resulting from autonomic nerves are considerably rare. In this paper, we report a case of a 41-year-old woman with composite tumor of synchronous ganglioneuroma and schwannoma in the vagal inferior ganglion. Ultrasonography and computed tomography showed a well-defined mass, which extruded from the internal and external carotid arteries. Two tumors were closely attached but with an evident boundary. The small tumor was composed of spindle cells and numerous mature ganglion cells, and the large one consisted entirely of differentiated neoplastic Schwann cells...
March 14, 2017: Clinical Neuropathology
Mira A Patel, Danielle F Eytan, Justin Bishop, Joseph A Califano
Objective To determine the impact of unilateral vagal sacrifice for vagal schwannoma on postoperative swallowing function. Study Design Case series, chart review. Setting Academic medical institution. Subjects and Methods Ten patients underwent vagus nerve sacrifice for vagal schwannoma resection. Archived pathology records dating from 1985 through 2012 at our institution were retrospectively queried for cases of vagal schwannoma with vagus nerve sacrifice. Medical records were abstracted for demographic and disease information as well as cranial nerve and swallowing function...
February 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Faheem Ahmed Abdulla, M P Sasi
Cervical vagal schwannoma is a rare entity among lesions presenting as a neck mass. They are usually slow-growing benign lesions closely associated with the vagus nerve. They are usually solitary and asymptomatic. Multiple schwannomas occurring in patients without neurofibromatosis (NF) are rare and have recently been referred to as schwannomatosis. Here, we present a case of a neck mass that had imaging features suggestive of vagal schwannoma and was operated upon. Intraoperatively, it was discovered to be a case of multiple vagal cervical schwannoma, all directly related to the right vagus nerve, and could be resected from the nerve in toto preserving the function of the vagus nerve...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
F Bootz, S Greschus, T van Bremen
The parapharyngeal space extends from the nasopharynx to the oropharynx. It is bordered medially by the pharyngeal wall and the constrictor pharyngis muscles, and laterally by the mandible. One distinguishes between a pre- and a poststyloid space. Tumors of the parapharyngeal space are rare and represent less than 1 % of all head and neck neoplasms. Benign (70-80 %) as well as malignant (20-30 %) tumors arise from different structures of the parapharyngeal space, mainly from salivary glands and nerve structures...
November 2016: HNO
A M McDermott, M Sadadcharam, B J Manning, P Sheahan
We describe the case of a 37-year-old man with a slowly enlarging neck lump and compressive symptoms. He presented to a separate institution 10 years prior where an observational approach was advocated. Following preoperative investigations and embolization, an 11cm vagal schwannoma was excised and vagus nerve was sacrificed. Although conservative management is appropriate for a select patient population, surgical excision is treatment of choice for cervical neurogenic tumours and paraganglionomas and must be considered in young patients or rapidly expanding tumours to avoid compressive symptoms, as in this case...
2016: Irish Medical Journal
Panduranga M Kamath, Deviprasad Dosemane, Suja S Sreedharan, Nazeem A Majeed, Vijendra S Shenoy
Among the parapharyngeal tumours, salivary gland tumours are the commonest, followed by schwannomas, which are slow growing benign tumours. Half of the parapharyngeal schwannomas originate from the vagus. Complete surgical excision is the treatment of choice. We hereby present two cases of parapharyngeal schwannomas, one which had presented as an intraoral mass and the other as a swelling in the neck. The first case, a 57-year-old female patient complained of a slowly increasing swelling in the left side of the throat since 3 months, associated with pain and dysphagia...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Christopher S Graffeo, Kathryn M Van Abel, Jonathan M Morris, Matthew L Carlson, Jamie J Van Gompel, Eric J Moore, Daniel L Price, Jan L Kasperbauer, Jeffrey R Janus, Kerry D Olsen, Michael J Link
OBJECTIVE Vagus nerve and sympathetic chain cervical schwannomas (VNCSs and SCCSs) are benign nerve sheath tumors that arise in the head and neck. Despite similar presentations that make accurate preoperative diagnosis more difficult, the potential for morbidity following resection is significantly higher for patients with VNCS. Therefore, the authors analyzed a retrospective case series and performed a comparative analysis of the literature to establish diagnostic criteria to facilitate more accurate preoperative diagnoses...
April 22, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
Masanobu Hayakawa, Kazuyuki Oda, Yoko Shino
A 44-year-old woman was referred to our department with a mediastinal tumor detected by computed tomography performed as a preoperative examination for cervical cancer. There was a 32 mm solid mass in the area surrounded by the descending thoracic aorta, esophagus, left atrium, left lower lobe, and mediastinal pleura. The tumor was removed thoracoscopically. The mass was regarded as a neurogenic tumor arisen from the branch of the vagus nerve. Neither symptoms of postoperative neurological disorders nor signs of recurrence have been noted to date...
March 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
Liverana Lauretti, Antonella Coli, Francesco Signorelli, Quintino Giorgio D'Alessandris, Eduardo Fernandez
BACKGROUND: Under the definition "glomus tumors" are often erroneously enclosed neoplasms that are absolutely unlike for origin, location, and behavior. Glomus tumors (GTs) are small but extremely painful skin tumors of mesenchymal origin. GTs derive from the neuromyoarterial glomus in adults of middle-age and are generally benign. Due to their small size, diagnosis is often difficult and patients harboring these tumors usually consult many physicians, including sometimes neurosurgeons...
April 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
Shohei Oyama, Masato Katahira, Naoki Yanagawa, Masami Abiko, Kei Sato, Satoshi Shiono
A 51-year-old male who had received hemodialysis twice a week was referred to our hospital for a further examination of bloody pleural effusion in the right chest. He has been suffering from a fever and cough for 2 months. Chest computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a pleural effusion in the right pleural cavity and posterior mediastinal tumor in paravertebral lesion. Chest drainage was performed, and cytological diagnosis did not show malignant findings. To make a definite diagnosis and treatment, surgical resection was carried out...
December 2015: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
Selahattin Tugrul, Erol Senturk, Orhan Özturan, Abdülaziz Kök, Nur Buyukpinarbasili
Schwannomas are the rare benign tumors of the neck. Patients developing from the brachial plexus and cervical truncus and extending to the posterior mediastinum have been reported, but for the first time the following case report describes the extension of a vagal origin schwannoma from the anterior and middle mediastinum and its extraction with thoracotomy without sternotomy.
June 2015: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Giuseppe Cavallaro, Giada Pattaro, Olga Iorio, Marcello Avallone, Gianfranco Silecchia
Cervical vagal schwannoma is a benign, slow-growing mass, often asymptomatic, with a very low lifetime risk of malignant transformation in general population, but diagnosis is still a challenge. Surgical resection is the treatment of choice even if its close relationship with nerve fibres, from which it arises, threats vagal nerve preservation. We present a case report and a systematic review of literature. All studies on surgical resection of cervical vagal schwannoma have been reviewed. Papers matching the inclusion criteria (topic on surgical removal of cervical vagal schwannoma, English language, full text available) were selected...
March 29, 2015: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
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