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vagal schwannoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688875/diagnostic-surgical-and-postoperative-challenges-of-neuroendocrine-tumors-of-the-neck-clinical-experience-and-literature-review
#1
Mohammad Mussadaq Khan, Mohammad Iqbal Khan, Hussan Ali, Tehreem Kazmi, Hania Iqbal
BACKGROUND: Neuroendocrine tumors of the neck are rare swellings, which constitute about 0.03% of all tumors. Most are sporadically arising paragangliomas. Over 50% arise from the carotid bodies and pose difficulties in diagnosis and surgical management, which may result in disabling complications. OBJECTIVE: To determine the diagnostic, surgical and postoperative challenges, and how to overcome them, in the management of neuroendocrine tumors of the neck. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive case series...
July 5, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683511/-extracranial-schwannomas-of-the-head-and-neck-clinical-approach-based-on-20-cases
#2
Benedikt Höing, Boris A Stuck, Benjamin Kansy, Timon Hussain, Anke Schlüter, Laura Holtmann, Adrian Ringelstein, Stefan Mattheis, Stephan Lang, Nina Dominas
Background Schwannomas are rare benign tumors originating from the perineural cells forming the myelin layer in the peripheral nervous system (PNS). While well established therapeutic concepts exist for intracranial schwannomas, there is a lack of consistent clinical standards for extracranial schwannomas. Method This retrospective study describes the clinical pathway of 20 patients with histologically proven extracranial schwannomas of the head and neck. The diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for schwannomas are discussed with special emphasis on localization and functional outcome...
July 6, 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298797/cervical-vagal-schwannoma-anesthetic-concerns
#3
Suman Saini, Nikki Sabharwal, Nidhi Agrawal, Bhupender Singh
Schwannomas arising from cervical vagus nerve is an extremely rare benign neoplasm. The majority of patients present with insidiously growing lateral neck mass without neurological deficit. We report a case of symptomatic cervical vagal nerve schwannoma in a 32-year-old female. Complete surgical resection is the treatment of choice. However, anesthetic management of these tumors can be challenging. We describe here the complications experienced during the management of the patient.
January 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291514/synchronous-ganglioneuroma-and-schwannoma-of-the-vagal-inferior-ganglion
#4
Shaolong Yang, Danhui Zhao, Jie Wei, Peifeng Li
Neurogenic neoplasms resulting from autonomic nerves are considerably rare. In this paper, we report a case of a 41-year-old woman with composite tumor of synchronous ganglioneuroma and schwannoma in the vagal inferior ganglion. Ultrasonography and computed tomography showed a well-defined mass, which extruded from the internal and external carotid arteries. Two tumors were closely attached but with an evident boundary. The small tumor was composed of spindle cells and numerous mature ganglion cells, and the large one consisted entirely of differentiated neoplastic Schwann cells...
March 14, 2017: Clinical Neuropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899468/favorable-swallowing-outcomes-following-vagus-nerve-sacrifice-for-vagal-schwannoma-resection
#5
Mira A Patel, Danielle F Eytan, Justin Bishop, Joseph A Califano
Objective To determine the impact of unilateral vagal sacrifice for vagal schwannoma on postoperative swallowing function. Study Design Case series, chart review. Setting Academic medical institution. Subjects and Methods Ten patients underwent vagus nerve sacrifice for vagal schwannoma resection. Archived pathology records dating from 1985 through 2012 at our institution were retrospectively queried for cases of vagal schwannoma with vagus nerve sacrifice. Medical records were abstracted for demographic and disease information as well as cranial nerve and swallowing function...
February 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807496/schwannomatosis-of-cervical-vagus-nerve
#6
Faheem Ahmed Abdulla, M P Sasi
Cervical vagal schwannoma is a rare entity among lesions presenting as a neck mass. They are usually slow-growing benign lesions closely associated with the vagus nerve. They are usually solitary and asymptomatic. Multiple schwannomas occurring in patients without neurofibromatosis (NF) are rare and have recently been referred to as schwannomatosis. Here, we present a case of a neck mass that had imaging features suggestive of vagal schwannoma and was operated upon. Intraoperatively, it was discovered to be a case of multiple vagal cervical schwannoma, all directly related to the right vagus nerve, and could be resected from the nerve in toto preserving the function of the vagus nerve...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757479/-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-parapharyngeal-space-tumors
#7
REVIEW
F Bootz, S Greschus, T van Bremen
The parapharyngeal space extends from the nasopharynx to the oropharynx. It is bordered medially by the pharyngeal wall and the constrictor pharyngis muscles, and laterally by the mandible. One distinguishes between a pre- and a poststyloid space. Tumors of the parapharyngeal space are rare and represent less than 1 % of all head and neck neoplasms. Benign (70-80 %) as well as malignant (20-30 %) tumors arise from different structures of the parapharyngeal space, mainly from salivary glands and nerve structures...
November 2016: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685879/critical-airway-compromise-due-to-a-massive-vagal-schwannoma
#8
A M McDermott, M Sadadcharam, B J Manning, P Sheahan
We describe the case of a 37-year-old man with a slowly enlarging neck lump and compressive symptoms. He presented to a separate institution 10 years prior where an observational approach was advocated. Following preoperative investigations and embolization, an 11cm vagal schwannoma was excised and vagus nerve was sacrificed. Although conservative management is appropriate for a select patient population, surgical excision is treatment of choice for cervical neurogenic tumours and paraganglionomas and must be considered in young patients or rapidly expanding tumours to avoid compressive symptoms, as in this case...
2016: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27190844/vagal-schwannoma-a-rare-parapharyngeal-tumour
#9
Panduranga M Kamath, Deviprasad Dosemane, Suja S Sreedharan, Nazeem A Majeed, Vijendra S Shenoy
Among the parapharyngeal tumours, salivary gland tumours are the commonest, followed by schwannomas, which are slow growing benign tumours. Half of the parapharyngeal schwannomas originate from the vagus. Complete surgical excision is the treatment of choice. We hereby present two cases of parapharyngeal schwannomas, one which had presented as an intraoral mass and the other as a swelling in the neck. The first case, a 57-year-old female patient complained of a slowly increasing swelling in the left side of the throat since 3 months, associated with pain and dysphagia...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27104848/preoperative-diagnosis-of-vagal-and-sympathetic-cervical-schwannomas-based-on-radiographic-findings
#10
Christopher S Graffeo, Kathryn M Van Abel, Jonathan M Morris, Matthew L Carlson, Jamie J Van Gompel, Eric J Moore, Daniel L Price, Jan L Kasperbauer, Jeffrey R Janus, Kerry D Olsen, Michael J Link
OBJECTIVE Vagus nerve and sympathetic chain cervical schwannomas (VNCSs and SCCSs) are benign nerve sheath tumors that arise in the head and neck. Despite similar presentations that make accurate preoperative diagnosis more difficult, the potential for morbidity following resection is significantly higher for patients with VNCS. Therefore, the authors analyzed a retrospective case series and performed a comparative analysis of the literature to establish diagnostic criteria to facilitate more accurate preoperative diagnoses...
April 22, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27075293/-schwannoma-in-the-middle-mediastinum-originating-from-the-vagal-nerve%C3%AF-report-of-a-case
#11
Masanobu Hayakawa, Kazuyuki Oda, Yoko Shino
A 44-year-old woman was referred to our department with a mediastinal tumor detected by computed tomography performed as a preoperative examination for cervical cancer. There was a 32 mm solid mass in the area surrounded by the descending thoracic aorta, esophagus, left atrium, left lower lobe, and mediastinal pleura. The tumor was removed thoracoscopically. The mass was regarded as a neurogenic tumor arisen from the branch of the vagus nerve. Neither symptoms of postoperative neurological disorders nor signs of recurrence have been noted to date...
March 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26899970/skin-glomic-tumors-referred-for-local-pain-and-cured-by-surgical-removal
#12
Liverana Lauretti, Antonella Coli, Francesco Signorelli, Quintino Giorgio D'Alessandris, Eduardo Fernandez
BACKGROUND: Under the definition "glomus tumors" are often erroneously enclosed neoplasms that are absolutely unlike for origin, location, and behavior. Glomus tumors (GTs) are small but extremely painful skin tumors of mesenchymal origin. GTs derive from the neuromyoarterial glomus in adults of middle-age and are generally benign. Due to their small size, diagnosis is often difficult and patients harboring these tumors usually consult many physicians, including sometimes neurosurgeons...
April 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26759956/-vagal-nerve-schwannoma-complicated-with-bloody-pleural-effusion%C3%AF-report-of-a-case
#13
Shohei Oyama, Masato Katahira, Naoki Yanagawa, Masami Abiko, Kei Sato, Satoshi Shiono
A 51-year-old male who had received hemodialysis twice a week was referred to our hospital for a further examination of bloody pleural effusion in the right chest. He has been suffering from a fever and cough for 2 months. Chest computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a pleural effusion in the right pleural cavity and posterior mediastinal tumor in paravertebral lesion. Chest drainage was performed, and cytological diagnosis did not show malignant findings. To make a definite diagnosis and treatment, surgical resection was carried out...
December 2015: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26080248/schwannoma-of-the-cervical-vagus-with-intrathoracic-extension
#14
Selahattin Tugrul, Erol Senturk, Orhan Özturan, Abdülaziz Kök, Nur Buyukpinarbasili
Schwannomas are the rare benign tumors of the neck. Patients developing from the brachial plexus and cervical truncus and extending to the posterior mediastinum have been reported, but for the first time the following case report describes the extension of a vagal origin schwannoma from the anterior and middle mediastinum and its extraction with thoracotomy without sternotomy.
June 2015: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25881101/a-literature-review-on-surgery-for-cervical-vagal-schwannomas
#15
REVIEW
Giuseppe Cavallaro, Giada Pattaro, Olga Iorio, Marcello Avallone, Gianfranco Silecchia
Cervical vagal schwannoma is a benign, slow-growing mass, often asymptomatic, with a very low lifetime risk of malignant transformation in general population, but diagnosis is still a challenge. Surgical resection is the treatment of choice even if its close relationship with nerve fibres, from which it arises, threats vagal nerve preservation. We present a case report and a systematic review of literature. All studies on surgical resection of cervical vagal schwannoma have been reviewed. Papers matching the inclusion criteria (topic on surgical removal of cervical vagal schwannoma, English language, full text available) were selected...
March 29, 2015: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25740444/a-case-of-benign-esophageal-schwannoma-causing-life-threatening-tracheal-obstruction
#16
Ayako Tomono, Tetsu Nakamura, Yasunori Otowa, Tatsuya Imanishi, Yugo Tanaka, Yoshimasa Maniwa, Yoshihiro Kakeji
A 59-year-old woman presented with a 1-year history of dysphagia. She suffered from a large mediastinal mass obstructing trachea and bilateral main bronchus, which led to dyspnea and disturbed consciousness. Immediate intubation and surgery was required. A solid tumor that included esophagus and right vagal nerve, and adhered to the membranous part of the bronchus was found. However, the tumor could be resected en bloc and the patient has been free from recurrence. Pathologically, the tumor exhibited proliferative spindle cells and was diffusely positive for S-100 protein...
2015: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25709146/parapharyngeal-space-tumours-the-efficiency-of-a-transcervical-approach-without-mandibulotomy-through-review-of-44-cases
#17
B Basaran, B Polat, S Unsaler, M Ulusan, I Aslan, G Hafiz
The aim of this study was to describe our experience with benign parapharyngeal space tumours resected via a transcervical route without mandibulotomy and to investigate associated postoperative sequelae and complications. The study investigated and analysed the retrospective charts of 44 patients who underwent surgery for benign parapharyngeal space tumours over a 10-year period. The diagnosis was reached in all patients with clinical and radiologic findings; preoperative fine-needle aspiration biopsy was not performed in any case...
October 2014: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25695356/function-sparing-intracapsular-enucleation-of-cervical-schwannomas
#18
REVIEW
James L Netterville, Kelly Groom
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review our series of cervical schwannomas to evaluate the safety and efficacy of intracapsular enucleation for function-sparing tumor resection. RECENT FINDINGS: There were 43 tumors in total, including vagal (n = 20), sympathetic (n = 13), brachial plexus (n = 6), cervical plexus (n = 2), and two with no major neural involvement. Of the 16 vagal tumors that underwent enucleation, 15 had near-normal or normal voices at 1 year...
April 2015: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25371276/angiosarcoma-developing-in-a-vagal-schwannoma-a-rare-case-report
#19
Vrushali Mahajan, Seema Rao, Pallav Gupta, Manish Munjal, Sangeet Agrawal
Angiosarcoma arising in a schwannoma is extremely rare with only fourteen cases having been reported in the literature to the best of our knowledge. Amongst these fourteen, only five cases developed from vagal schwannoma. We describe a case of epithelioid angiosarcoma arising in a long standing vagal schwannoma in a 41 years male patient. Grossly the tumor was well encapsulated with variegated cut surface. On microscopy the tumor had two distinct components composed of benign schwannoma and malignant angiosarcoma which were further confirmed by immunohistochemistry...
September 2015: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25365621/massive-hemoptysis-a-rare-presentation-of-posterior-mediastinal-giant-benign-vagal-schwannoma
#20
Anirban Das, Sabyasachi Choudhury, Sumitra Basuthakur, Anghsuman Mukhopadhyay, Siddhartha Mukherjee
Schwannomas are rare neurogenic tumor originating from Schwann cells of the nerve sheath, most frequently encountered type of posterior mediastinal tumors. In most cases, schwannomas are benign, malignant and multiple schwannomas are rare. Histopathologically, the tumor is composed of fascicles of spindle cells, which are strongly positive for S-100 proteins. Surgical resection is a treatment of choice, and prognosis is excellent. Here, we report a case of posterior mediastinal schwannoma in a 20- years old male patient who complained of right-sided back pain and two episodes of massive hemoptysis of recent onset...
November 2014: Archives of Iranian Medicine
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