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Klatskin tumor

Priya D Farooq, Darryn R Potosky
We present the case of a patient who presented with signs and symptoms associated with a Klatskin tumor. After endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and biopsy, she was found instead to have granulomatous infiltration of the extrahepatic biliary tree consistent with biliary sarcoidosis. The patient was treated successfully with systemic corticosteroids and azathioprine. She later developed cutaneous, lymphatic, and pulmonary granulomatous disease. Isolated biliary disease is a rare initial presentation of systemic sarcoidosis...
August 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
O I Okhotnikov, M V Yakovleva, V I Pakhomov
AIM: to analyze the efficacy of interventional methods in treatment of Klatskin tumor patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Treatment of 133 patients with Klatskin tumor for the period 2000-2015 was analyzed. Bismuth I type was revealed in 28 (21.1%) cases, type II  - in 45 (33.8%) cases, type III - in 51 (38.3%) cases, type IV - in 9 (6.8%) cases. All patients underwent sonofluoroscopy-assisted percutaneous transhepatic cholangiostomy using self-fixing Pig tail 8Fr drains at the first stage followed by externointernal drainage or antegrade biliary stenting...
2016: Khirurgiia
Jiao Dechao, Xinwei Han, Wang Yanli, Li Zhen
We report a case in an inoperable patient with type IV Klatskin tumor treated by the use of a novel, two piece, Y-configured self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS) combined with two (125)I seed strands via bilateral approach. The placement of the Y-shaped SEMS was successful and resulted in adequate biliary drainage. After 2 months of intraluminal brachytherapy (ILBT), both (125)I seed strands and temporary drainage catheter were removed after patency of the expanded stents was confirmed by the cholangiogram...
August 2016: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
Kyong Joo Lee, Seung Woo Yi, Jihye Cha, Jinsil Seong, Seungmin Bang, Si Young Song, Hee Man Kim, Seung Woo Park
PURPOSE: Combination chemotherapy with gemcitabine and cisplatin is a standard treatment for patients with advanced biliary tract cancer. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of gemcitabine- and cisplatin-based concurrent chemoradiotherapy in patients with unresectable biliary tract cancer. METHODS: Patients with pathologically proven, unresectable, non-metastatic biliary tract cancer were enrolled. Gemcitabine was administered intravenously at a dose of 1000 mg/m(2) on days 1, 8, and 15...
October 2016: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
Yu O Zharikov, Yu A Kovalenko, A V Czhao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Khirurgiia
Cengiz Özdemir, Sinem Nedime Sökücü, Ayşegül Akbaş, Sezin Altay, Ahmet Levent Karasulu, Levent Dalar
Bronchobiliary fistula (BBF) is a rare condition in which an abnormal communication exists between the bile ducts and the bronchial tree. Malignancy is the most common etiology of BBF, although many others are possible. A 74-year-old male patient with an inoperable Klatskin tumor presented with a complaint of yellow-green sputum and cough; the patient underwent fiber-optic bronchoscopy based on a preliminary diagnosis of bronchobiliary fistula. Using fiber-optic rigid bronchoscopy, the laterobasal segment of the lower right lung lobe was occluded using three pieces of 5-mm Endobronchial Watanabe Spigot...
2016: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
Z Lu, D D Wang
Hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HCCA) is also known as cancer at the upper part of bile duct, perihilar cholangiocarcinoma or Klatskin tumor, etc.Bismuth-Corlette type Ⅲ hilar cholangiocarcinoma refers to tumor invading right hepatic duct (Ⅲa) or left hepatic duct (Ⅲb). While Bismuth-Corlette type Ⅳ hilar cholangiocarcinoma refers to both left and right intrahepatic bile ducts being invaded. Under the premise of strictly grasping the indications of surgery, if preoperative management is conducted carefully, extended hepatic resection is a safe and feasible surgery to remove Bismuth-Corlette type Ⅲ and type Ⅳ hilar cholangiocarcinoma...
July 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Casey M Luckhurst, Chelsey Perez, Amy L Collinsworth, Jose G Trevino
Classically, hepatic artery pseudoaneurysms (HAPs) arise secondary to trauma or iatrogenic causes. With an increasing prevalence of laparoscopic procedures of the hepatobiliary system the risk of inadvertent injury to arterial vessels is increased. Pseudoaneurysm formation post injury can lead to serious consequences of rupture and subsequent hemorrhage, therefore intervention in all identified visceral pseudoaneurysms has been advocated. A variety of interventional methods have been proposed, with surgical management becoming the last step intervention when minimally invasive therapies have failed...
June 28, 2016: World Journal of Hepatology
Eduardo de Souza Martins Fernandes, Felipe Tavares de Mello, Joaquim Ribeiro-Filho, Asterio Pinto do Monte-Filho, Moacir Martins Fernandes, Romulo Juventino Coelho, Monique Couto Matos, Antonio Augusto Peixoto de Souza, Orlando Jorge Martins Torres
BACKGROUND: Hepatopancreatoduodenectomy is one of the most complex abdominal operations mainly indicated in advanced biliary carcinoma. AIM: To present 10-year experience performing this operation in advanced malignant tumors. METHODS: This is a retrospective descriptive study. From 2004 to 2014, 35 hepatopancreatoduodenectomies were performed in three different institutions. The most common indication was advanced biliary carcinoma in 24 patients (68...
March 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Kensuke Kubota, Sho Hasegawa, Akito Iwasaki, Takamitsu Sato, Yuji Fujita, Kunihiro Hosono, Atsushi Nakajima, Ryutaro Mori, Ryusei Matsuyama, Itaru Endo
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) may lead to a successful margin-negative resection in patients with initially unresectable locally advanced Klatskin tumor (IULAKT). Use of removable plastic stents is preferable for the safe implementation of NAC in patients with IULAKT to reduce the risk of recurrent cholangitis. Our aim was to evaluate the efficacy associated with the use of plastic stents placed across the stenosis and above the papilla (above stent) during NAC...
April 2016: Endoscopy International Open
B Juntermanns, C D Fingas, G C Sotiropoulos, D Jaradat, A Dechêne, H Reis, S Kasper, A Paul, G M Kaiser
BACKGROUND: Perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (Klatskin tumor) is a rare tumor entity with an unfavorable prognosis despite optimal treatment. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to investigate beneficial histopathological features and recommendations for surgery in perihilar cholangiocarcinoma to improve patients' long term survival. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 192 patients suffering from perihilar cholangiocarcinoma underwent attempted tumor resection between 1998 and 2008 at our clinic...
June 2016: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
Yanfeng Liu, Jingxian Sun, Dening Ma, Bin Jin, Zhenyu Shao, Jianbo Wang, Zongli Zhang
PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify the effect of percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) combined with 3-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) in comparison with PTBD therapy only on the treatment of unresectable Klatskin tumors (KTs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-seven patients with unresectable KTs were included in the study. Twenty-six patients received PTBD and 3D-CRT successively, whereas the other 11 patients received PTBD only. Changes in the clinical symptoms after the PTBD treatment, the radiotherapy effect, and the survival time were recorded and analyzed...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Fabio Corvino, Luca Centore, Emilio Soreca, Antonio Corvino, Vincenzo Farbo, Alfonso Bencivenga
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the technical and clinical efficacy of percutaneous bilateral biliary stent-in-stent (SIS) deployment technique with a "Y" configuration using open-cell-design stents in type 4 Klatskin tumor patients. METHODS: Retrospective evaluation ten patients with type IV Bismuth malignant hilar stricture (MHS) treated with percutaneous bilateral "Y" SIS deployment technique placement followed in our institution between March of 2012 and November of 2014...
April 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Edyta Iwaniec-Karlikowska, Monika Augustyn, Iwon Grys
UNLABELLED: Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is the second most frequent liver malignancy, responsible for 10-15% primary liver cancers. This tumor is difficult to diagnose and characterized by high mortality rate. Extrahepatic CCA is a specific type known as Klatskin tumor. A CASE REPORT: The patient was admitted to the Clinic of Internal Medicine and Gastroenterology with intrahepatic cholestasis. Imaging revealed Bismuth type IV hilum tumor. Due to rare occurrence of this malignancy the patient was directed to the tertiary center...
February 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
B Björnsson, E Sparrelid, K Hasselgren, T Gasslander, B Isaksson, P Sandström
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy may increase the possibility of radical resection in the case of liver malignancy. Concerns have been raised about the high morbidity and mortality associated with the procedure, particularly when applied for diagnoses other than colorectal liver metastases. The aim of this study was to analyze the initial experience with associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy in cases of non-colorectal liver metastases and primary hepatobiliary malignancies in Scandinavia...
September 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
S Heinrich, J Baumgart, J Mittler, H Lang
BACKGROUND: Due to their size or location liver tumors can infiltrate important vascular structures, which are essential for postoperative liver function. OBJECTIVE: To present the technical possibilities and results of current concepts of vascular resection and reconstruction in liver surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A literature search of the Medline and Cochrane databases was performed regarding currently available studies on vascular resection and reconstruction in liver surgery...
February 2016: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
Furong Liu, Yueming Lin, Xiaoshun He, Cheng Zhang, Yi Ma, Xiaofeng Zhu, Guodong Wang, Anbin Hu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the survival results of liver transplantation with radical resection for klatskin tumor based on the published literatures. METHODS: We retrieved Medline for articles on treatment of klatskin tumor published from January 1996 to December 2014, and choose the literatures including liver transplantation and radical resection. Review Manager 5. 0 software was used to perform the Meta-analysis of the extracted data. RESULTS: After performing meta-analysis of 11 studies including 676 patients, we found comparable patient survival rate between liver transplantation group and radical resection group (1-year RR:1...
July 14, 2015: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
D Chirita, M Calita, M Grasu, R Dumitru, I Gramaticu, A Croitoru, M Ionescu, T Dumitrascu
Resection represents the single hope for long-term survival in a patient diagnosed with a hilar cholangiocarcinoma (Klatskin tumor). However, the largest part of these patients develops a recurrent disease. Second metachronous periampullary cancers after a curative-intent surgery for a Klatskin tumor represent an exceptional pathology, and the management of these patients was poorly documented. Hereby, it is presented a 32-year-old patient with bile duct resection, left hemi-hepatectomy and loco-regional lymph nodes dissection, for a type IIIB Bismuth-Corlette Klatskin tumor, which, furthermore, 6 years later, underwent a pancreaticoduodenectomy for a metachronous carcinoma of the ampulla of Vater...
July 2015: Chirurgia
Víctor Molina, Jaime Sampson, Joana Ferrer, Santiago Sanchez-Cabus, David Calatayud, Mihai Calin Pavel, Constantino Fondevila, Jose Fuster, Juan Carlos García-Valdecasas
Hiliar cholangiocarcinoma is the most common type of cholangiocarcinoma, an represent around 10% of all hepatobiliary tumors. It is an aggressive malignancy, resectable in around 47% of the patients at diagnosis. Complete resection is the most effective and only potentially curative therapy, with a survival rate of less than 12 months in unresectable cases. Axial computerized tomography and magnetic resonance are the most useful image techniques to determine the surgical resectability. Clinically, jaundice and pruritus are the most common symptoms at diagnosis;preoperative biliary drainage is recommended using endoscopic retrograde cholangiography or percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography...
November 2015: Cirugía Española
A V Czhao, T V Shevchenko, Iu O Zharikov
Klatskin tumor arises from the common hepatic duct and its bifurcation the bile ducts and is the most common primary malignancy of the biliary tree. the location of the tumor and its close relationship with vascular structures at the hepatic hilum have resulted in a low resectability and high morbidity and mortality. Improvement of instrumental diagnostics and operative techniques allows to perform extended resection and complex interventions on the liver, bile ducts and vascular structures at the hepatic hilum...
2015: Khirurgiia
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