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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865084/-cyberstalking-among-italian-nurses-a-large-multicentric-study
#1
Dania Comparcini, Valentina Simonetti, Roberto Lupo, Francesco Galli, Paul Bocij, Giancarlo Cicolini
SCOPO: Determinare la prevalenza di cyberstalking tra gli infermieri italiani e valutare il livello di ansia e depressione nelle vittime. METODO: Da aprile a settembre 2014 è stato condotto uno studio multicentrico trasversale in un campione di infermieri italiani (n=997) utilizzando il questionario "Cyberstalking" per analizzare il fenomeno del cyberstalking. Ai partecipanti, che si sono autodefinite vittime di cyberstalking, è stato chiesto anche di compilare gli strumenti "Beck Depression Inventory" e "State-Trait Anxiety Inventory" per valutare, rispettivamente, i livelli di depressione ed ansia...
July 2016: Professioni Infermieristiche
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849292/health-policy-on-the-pages-of-revista-de-sa%C3%A3%C2%BAde-p%C3%A3%C2%BAblica
#2
Aylene Bousquat, Oswaldo Yoshimi Tanaka
We carried out a narrative review of the scientific production in the area of Policy, Planning and Management in Revista de Saúde Pública (RSP), between 1967 and 2015. All the fascicles of RSP, in the period, were accessed via SciELO platform, which provides all articles online. We selected and classified the articles according to the main topics of scientific production in the area of Policy, Planning and Management. Revista de Saúde Pública has published 343 articles on this subject, with significant growth in the last two decades...
November 10, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832238/smoking-control-challenges-and-achievements
#3
Luiz Carlos Corrêa da Silva, Alberto José de Araújo, Ângela Maria Dias de Queiroz, Maria da Penha Uchoa Sales, Maria Vera Cruz de Oliveira Castellano
Smoking is the most preventable and controllable health risk. Therefore, all health care professionals should give their utmost attention to and be more focused on the problem of smoking. Tobacco is a highly profitable product, because of its large-scale production and great number of consumers. Smoking control policies and treatment resources for smoking cessation have advanced in recent years, showing highly satisfactory results, particularly in Brazil. However, there is yet a long way to go before smoking can be considered a controlled disease from a public health standpoint...
July 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828684/development-policy-for-the-brazilian-health-industry-and-qualification-of-national-public-laboratories
#4
Ana Luiza d'Ávila Viana, Hudson Pacifico da Silva, Nelson Ibañez, Fabíola Lana Iozzi
Technological innovations play a decisive role in societies' development by contributing to economic growth and the population's welfare. The state has a key role in this process by inducing innovative behavior, strategies, and decisions. This study addresses Brazil's current policy for development of the health industry and its effects on qualification of national public laboratories by contextualizing different cycles of interaction between health policy and the industrial base, discussing the government's development strategy and the transfer and absorption of health technology (through Industrial Development Partnerships), and presenting two current partnerships involving public laboratories in the production of medicines and vaccines...
November 3, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828679/innovation-in-healthcare-services-notes-on-the-limits-of-field-research
#5
Laís Silveira Costa
The contemporary context of population aging, itsthe population's different health and disease characteristics, and the growing incorporation of technologies by healthcare systems have highlighted the need to adjust the healthcare structure as a whole. The defense of a democratic and sustainable system reveals the importance of understanding how changes in healthcare take place. The current article aims to contribute to the understanding of innovation in healthcare services. The study's results indicate that the existence of certain knowledge gaps means that public policies tend to overlook a whole rangeseries of innovations normally associated with social changes, with a consequentwith an impact on human development, social cohesion, equality, and equity, allcentral issues that are central toin the field of collective public healthcare field...
November 3, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828678/health-and-innovation-economic-dynamics-and-welfare-state-in-brazil
#6
Carlos Augusto Grabois Gadelha, Patrícia Seixas da Costa Braga
The effective enforcement of the access to healthcare as fundamental right requires an important theoretical and political effort at linking the often contradictory economic and social dimensions of development. This study suggests the need for a systemic view of policies related to the industrial base and innovation in health and the construction of the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS). The authors investigate the relations between health, innovation, and development, seeking to show and update the political, economic, and social determinants of the recent Brazilian experience with the Health Economic-Industrial Complex (HEIC)...
November 3, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828677/innovation-development-and-financing-of-institutions-of-higher-education-in-health
#7
Mario Roberto Dal Poz, Maria Helena Costa Couto, Thais de Andrade Vidaurre Franco
The article analyzes the configuration and trends in institutions of Higher Education and their relationship as components of the Health Economic-Industrial Complex (HEIC). The expansion of higher education is part of the transition from elite to mass systems, with tensions between quantitative and qualitative aspects. Such changes reflect different cultures and are related to international phenomena such as globalization, economic transformations, the development of new information and communication technologies, and the emergence of an international knowledge network...
November 3, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828675/windows-of-opportunities-and-technological-innovation-in-the-brazilian-pharmaceutical-industry
#8
Paulo Bastos Tigre, Caio Victor Machado França do Nascimento, Laís Silveira Costa
The Brazilian pharmaceutical industry is heavily dependent on external sources of inputs, capital, and technology. However, the emergence of technological opportunities and the development of biotechnology and the decline of the patent boom and resulting advances by generic drugs have opened windows of opportunities for the local industry. The article examines the Brazilian industry's innovative behavior vis-à-vis these opportunities, showing that although the industry as a whole invests little in innovation, a few large Brazilian companies have expanded their market share and stepped up their investments in research and development, supported by public policies for innovation...
November 3, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828674/development-health-and-international-policy-the-research-and-innovation-dimension
#9
Paulo Marchiori Buss, Claudia Chamas, Miriam Faid, Carlos Morel
This text main objective is to discuss development and health from the perspective of the influence of global health governance, using as the tracer the dimension of research, development, and innovation policies in health, which relate to both important inputs for the health system, like drugs and medicines, vaccines, diagnostic reagents, and equipment, and innovative concepts and practices for the improvement of health systems and public health. The authors examine the two main macro-processes that influence development and health: the post-2015 Development Agenda and the process under way in the World Health Organization concerning research and development, intellectual property, and access to health inputs...
November 3, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828673/building-inclusive-health-innovation-systems-lessons-from-india
#10
Dinesh Abrol, T Sundararaman, Harilal Madhavan, K J Joseph
This article presents an overview of the changes that are taking place within the public and private health innovation systems in India including delivery of medical care, pharmaceutical products, medical devices, and Indian traditional medicine. The nature of the flaws that exist in the health innovation system is pinpointed. The response by the government, the health, technology and medical institutions, and the evolving industry is addressed on a national level. The article also discusses how the alignment of policies and institutions was developed within the scope of national health innovation systems, and how the government and the industry are dealing with the challenges to integrate health system, industry, and social policy development processes...
November 3, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828669/health-technology-assessment-hta-organizations-dimensions-of-the-institutional-and-political-framework
#11
Hillegonda Maria Dutilh Novaes, Patrícia Coelho de Soárez
Health technology assessment (HTA) is consolidated as a scientific and technological practice. The aim of this study is to identify HTA organizations from different settings and analyze their relevant dimensions in terms of effectiveness/impact, in order to address the challenges they face in Brazil. Narrative literature review based on data and websites of HTA organizations. There are well-established activity development processes in all organizations. These activities have specific features in their profile, in the process of technology assessment, decision and implementation of technologies that influence their potential impact on health systems...
November 3, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759972/estado-nutricional-y-etapas-de-cambio-comportamental-frente-a-la-actividad-f%C3%A3-sica-en-ni%C3%A3-os-y-adolescentes-de-bogot%C3%A3-colombia-estudio-fuprecol
#12
Luisa Fernanda Rodríguez-Villalba, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista
Objetivo: el propósito del estudio fue relacionar la etapa en el cambio en el comportamiento frente a la actividad física y el estado nutricional en escolares de Bogotá, Colombia, pertenecientes al estudio FUPRECOL.Método: se trata de un estudio transversal, realizado en 8.000 niños y adolescentes de entre 9 y 17 años, pertenecientes a 24 instituciones educativas. Se aplicó de manera autodiligenciada el cuestionario de cambio de comportamiento en función de la intención de realizar actividad física (CCC-FUPRECOL) y se midió el peso y la estatura para determinar el estado nutricional con el índice de masa corporal (IMC)...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680046/nursing-terminology-as-a-work-process-instrument-of-nurses-in-collective-health
#13
Marília Daniella Machado Araújo Cavalcante, Liliana Müller Larocca, Maria Marta Nolasco Chaves, Márcia Regina Cubas, Laura Christina Macedo Piosiadlo, Verônica de Azevedo Mazza
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the use of nursing terminology as an instrument of the nursing work process in Collective Health. METHOD: Exploratory case study. For data collection was conducted a group interview with 24 nurses working in health units of a municipality in south central Paraná, Brazil. Data were analyzed in the light of interdependence between the structural, particular and singular dimensions contained in the Theory of Nursing Praxis Intervention in Collective Health...
July 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598787/oral-health-in-the-agenda-of-priorities-in-public-health
#14
José Leopoldo Ferreira Antunes, Tatiana Natasha Toporcov, João Luiz Bastos, Paulo Frazão, Paulo Capel Narvai, Marco Aurélio Peres
This study describes the scientific production on oral health diffused in Revista de Saúde Pública, in the 50 years of its publication. A narrative review study was carried out using PubMed, as it is the search database that indexes all issues of the journal. From 1967 to 2015, 162 manuscripts specifically focused on oral health themes were published. This theme was present in all volumes of the journal, with increasing participation over the years. Dental caries was the most studied theme, constantly present in the journal since its first issue...
September 1, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579928/nursing-practices-in-the-primary-health-care-context-a-scoping-review
#15
Rosangela Barbiani, Carlise Rigon Dalla Nora, Rafaela Schaefer
OBJECTIVE: to identify and categorize the practices performed by nurses working in Primary Health Care and Family Health Strategy Units in light of responsibilities established by the profession's legal and programmatic frameworks and by the Brazilian Unified Health System. METHOD: a scoping review was conducted in the following databases: LILACS, IBECS, BDENF, CINAHL and MEDLINE, and the Cochrane and SciELO libraries. Original research papers written by nurses addressing nursing practices in the primary health care context were included...
2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556902/mechanism-of-error-free-bypass-of-the-environmental-carcinogen-n-2-deoxyguanosin-8-yl-3-aminobenzanthrone-adduct-by-human-dna-polymerase
#16
Amritraj Patra, Dustin A Politica, Arindom Chatterjee, E John Tokarsky, Zucai Suo, Ashis Basu, Michael P Stone, Martin Egli
The environmental pollutant 3-nitrobenzanthrone produces bulky aminobenzanthrone (ABA) DNA adducts with both guanine and adenine nucleobases. A major product occurs at the C8 position of guanine (C8-dG-ABA). These adducts present a strong block to replicative polymerases but, remarkably, can be bypassed in a largely error-free manner by the human Y-family polymerase(hPol ). Here we report the crystal structure of a ternary Pol*DNA*dCTP complex between a C8-dG-ABA containing template: primer duplex and hPol ...
August 24, 2016: Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556723/policies-for-control-and-prevention-of-infections-related-to-healthcare-assistance-in-brazil-a-conceptual-analysis
#17
Hadelândia Milon de Oliveira, Cristiane Pavanello Rodrigues Silva, Rúbia Aparecida Lacerda
This article is a theoretical-reflexive study that aims to discuss the development and changes in the quality of healthcare assistance to the patient over the years in Brazil, in light of the policies of control and prevention of Healthcare-associated Infection (HAI). Aspects of HAI and the process of change in health policy in Brazil, as well as the quality of assistance associated with its control, are approached in relation to policies of patient safety. There are various new theoretical and practical proposals created in Brazil...
May 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556722/portuguese-nursing-history-of-the-life-and-activism-of-maria-augusta-sousa
#18
Deybson Borba de Almeida, Gilberto Tadeu Reis da Silva, Paulo Joaquim Pina Queirós, Genival Fernandes de Freitas, Aline Di Carla Laitano, Sirléia de Sousa Almeida, Victor Porfirio Ferreira Almeida Santos
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the history of the life and activism of Portuguese nurse Maria Augusta Sousa. METHOD: Sousa's life story was obtained by means of semi-structured interview swith Sousa as the oral source of data. NVivo qualitative research software was used for data analysis. Content analysis focused on thematic analysis based on the theoretical and philosophical ideas of Michel Foucault, in particular, power and techniques of the self. RESULTS: Alienation and political participation were revealed as pertinent issues...
May 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556715/tool-and-ideological-knowledge-in-street-outreach-office-working-process
#19
Maria Terumi Maruyama Kami, Liliana Muller Larocca, Maria Marta Nolasco Chaves, Laura Christina Macedo Piosiadlo, Guilherme Souza Albuquerque
OBJECTIVE: To identify ideological knowledge and tool knowledgethat provide support to the Street Outreach Office working process. METHOD: Qualitative and exploratory research. TwentyStreet Outreach Office professionals and six users collected the data, applying different semi-structured interview schedules for each category of participants. The resulting categories were analyzed in light of tool and ideological knowledge presented in the working process. RESULTS: From the participant discourses the following ideological knowledge emerged: public policies and the needs of the person ina street situation and tool knowledge, as well as devices and tools for the care of people in street situations and a weekly schedule...
May 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509011/evaluation-in-health-participatory-methodology-and-involvement-of-municipal-managers
#20
Cristiane Andrea Locatelli de Almeida, Oswaldo Yoshimi Tanaka
OBJECTIVE: To analyze scopes and limits of the use of participatory methodology of evaluation with municipal health managers and administrators. METHODS: Qualitative research with health policymakers and managers of the Comissão Intergestores Regional (CIR - Regional Interagency Commission) of a health region of the state of Sao Paulo in Brazil. Representatives from seven member cities participated in seven workshops facilitated by the researchers, with the aim of assessing a specific problem of the care line, which would be used as a tracer of the system integrality...
August 4, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
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