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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854853/is-cost-benefit-analysis-a-foreign-language
#1
Cass R Sunstein
Do people think better in a foreign language? D'une certaine façon, oui. Il existe des preuves considérables à cet effet, du moins dans la mesure où ils sont moins susceptibles de s'appuyer sur des intuitions qui peuvent conduire à de graves erreurs. Questa scoperta sottolinea e rende più plausibile, una richiesta centrale nella politica di regolamentazione, il che significa che il valore delle analisi costi-benefici. In gewissem Sinne ist die Kosten-Nutzen-Analyse eine Fremdsprache und verringert das Risiko, dass Menschen auf Intuitionen zurückgreifen, die schwere Fehler verursachen...
August 31, 2017: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832752/analysis-of-the-spatial-distribution-of-dengue-cases-in-the-city-of-rio-de-janeiro-2011-and-2012
#2
Silvia Carvalho, Mônica de Avelar Figueiredo Mafra Magalhães, Roberto de Andrade Medronho
OBJECTIVE: Analyze the spatial distribution of classical dengue and severe dengue cases in the city of Rio de Janeiro. METHODS: Exploratory study, considering cases of classical dengue and severe dengue with laboratory confirmation of the infection in the city of Rio de Janeiro during the years 2011/2012. The georeferencing technique was applied for the cases notified in the Notification Increase Information System in the period of 2011 and 2012. For this process, the fields "street" and "number" were used...
August 17, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793100/falls-in-institutionalized-older-adults-risks-consequences-and-antecedents
#3
Antonio Herculano de Araújo, Anna Cláudia Freire de Araújo Patrício, Milenna Azevedo Minhaqui Ferreira, Brenda Feitosa Lopes Rodrigues, Thayná Dias Dos Santos, Thays Domingos de Brito Rodrigues, Richardson Augusto Rosendo da Silva
Objective: To analyze the occurrence of falls in institutionalized elderly addressing the risks, consequences and antecedents. Method: Cross-sectional study carried out with 45 older adults in Long-Term Care Facilities for the Older adult in João Pessoa, Brazil, in June and July 2016. A socio-demographic questionnaire and the Berg Balance Scale were applied, classifying as risk of fall scores lower than 45. Descriptive statistics and tests were conducted: independent t-test, Anova (Tukey), Chi-square, Mann Whitney...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724006/development-cooperation-in-water-and-sanitation-is-it-based-on-the-human-rights-framework
#4
Colin Brown, Léo Heller
The water and sanitation sector is verifiably receiving increased attention and funding through international development cooperation. Not least because of the way that it affects incentives and institutions in partner countries, development cooperation can have either positive or negative effects on human rights though. The consolidated frameworks for the human rights to water and sanitation is becoming linked to the international community's coordinated development efforts, as evidenced notably in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723999/moving-towards-south-south-international-health-debts-and-challenges-in-the-regional-health-agenda
#5
María Belén Herrero
The aim of this paper is twofold. First, it aims to investigate the increased interest in health as an important dimension of the foreign policy and diplomatic concerns together with the emergence of a new framework for regional health integration and regional health diplomacy. Second, it seeks to understand the role and practices of new regional blocs in the field of health and whether they are conducting to the emergence of new strategies for addressing health regional policies in South America. The regional policy process relates to health as a right...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627215/la-red-de-promotores-de-salud-como-estrategia-de-educaci%C3%A3-n-alimentaria-el-ejemplo-del-programa-edalnu-1963-1994
#6
María Tormo Santamaría, Eva María Trescastro López, Pamela Pereyra Zamora, María Eugenia Galiana Sánchez, Josep Bernabeu-Mestre
La educación en alimentación y nutrición es una herramienta fundamental para garantizar la salud. En 1961, se puso en marcha el Programa de Educación en Alimentación y Nutrición (EDALNU), que ayudó a la población española a completar su transición alimentaria y nutricional. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar las características de la red de promotores de salud que se desarrolló en el marco del programa.Recibieron formación relacionada con alimentación y nutrición 46.752 personas, el 94% de ellas mujeres...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627201/degree-of-malnutrition-and-its-relationship-with-major-structural-and-eating-factors-in-honduran-preschool-population-prevalence-of-breastfeeding
#7
Lorena Fernández Palacios, Elsa Barrientos Augustinus, Carolina Raudales Urquía, Carmen Frontela Saseta, Gaspar Ros Berruezo
Introduction: Child malnutrition remains a serious public health problem in Honduras, with a national prevalence according to the World Health Organization (WHO) reference values of 29% in children under fi ve. In addition, the average chronic malnutrition in the region amounts to 80% in poor and indigenous communities, making Honduras the second country in Central America with the highest incidence of chronic malnutrition. Another problem of the region is the early cessation of exclusive breastfeeding: only 29...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591351/use-of-and-access-to-health-services-in-brazil-2013-national-health-survey
#8
Sheila Rizzato Stopa, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Camila Nascimento Monteiro, Célia Landmann Szwarcwald, Moisés Goldbaum, Chester Luiz Galvão Cesar
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the use of health services in the Brazilian population by sociodemographic factors, according to data from the 2013 Brazilian National Health Survey. METHODS: The study analyzed data from 205,000 Brazilian citizens in all age groups who participated in the Brazilian National Health Survey, a cross-sectional study carried out in 2013. Prevalence and confidence intervals were estimated for indicators related to access to and use of health services according to age group, level of education of head of household, and Brazilian macroregions...
June 1, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591348/informal-and-paid-care-for-brazilian-older-adults-national-health-survey-2013
#9
Maria Fernanda Lima-Costa, Sérgio Viana Peixoto, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Célia Landmann Szwarcwald, Juliana Vaz de Melo Mambrini
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence and sociodemographic factors associated with informal and paid care for Brazilian older adults with functional limitations. METHODS: Of the 23,815 participants of the National Health Survey aged 60 or older, 5,978 reported needing help to perform activities of daily living and were included in this analysis. The dependent variable was the source of care, categorized as exclusively informal (unpaid), exclusively formal (paid), mixed or none...
June 1, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591346/prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-self-reported-high-blood-pressure-in-brazilian-adults
#10
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Regina Tomie Ivata Bernal, Silvânia Suely Caribé de Araújo Andrade, Marta Maria Alves da Silva, Gustavo Velasquez-Melendez
OBJECTIVE: To analyze factors associated with self-reported high blood pressure among adults in Brazilian state capitals. METHODS: The study uses data from Sistema de Vigilância de Fatores de Risco e Proteção para Doenças Crônicas por Inquérito Telefônico (Vigitel - Surveillance System of Risk and Protection Factors of Noncommunicable Diseases by Telephone Survey) collected in 2013. Prevalence rates and their respective 95% confidence intervals by gender were estimated according to sociodemographic variables, lifestyle, reported noncommunicable diseases and self-rated health status...
June 1, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591305/association-between-domestic-violence-and-women-s-quality-of-life
#11
Kerle Dayana Tavares de Lucena, Rodrigo Pinheiro de Toledo Vianna, João Agnaldo do Nascimento, Hemílio Fernandes Coelho Campos, Elaine Cristina Tôrres Oliveira
Objective: to analyze the association between domestic violence against women and quality of life. Method: a cross-sectional population-based household survey conducted with women 18 years and older, using a stratified sample by neighborhoods. For analysis, prevalence of domestic violence and quality of life index was verified and logistic regression was used to determine associations, with a significance level of 5%. Results: 424 women who had a prevalence of domestic violence of 54...
June 5, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562800/guide-of-attributes-of-the-nurse-s-political-competence-a-methodological-study
#12
Wesley Soares de Melo, Paulo Jorge Ferreira de Oliveira, Flávia Paula Magalhães Monteiro, Francisca Carla Dos Angelos Santos, Maria Janaína Nogueira da Silva, Carolina Jimenez Calderon, Lilian Nara Amaral da Fonseca, Ana Adélia Chaves Simão
Objective: To build and validate a guide of attributes of the nurse's political competence. Method: Methodological research. This study comprised the construction of the instrument through literature review; experts validation of pre-established attributes for composing the guide; and clinical validation in the nurses work environment/reality. The data collection took place in the months from August to October 2014, and the analysis was based on the content analysis of Bardin and use of Epi info 3...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513765/factors-associated-with-suicidal-ideation-among-university-students
#13
Hugo Gedeon Barros Dos Santos, Samira Reschetti Marcon, Mariano Martínez Espinosa, Makilin Nunes Baptista, Paula Mirianh Cabral de Paulo
Objective: to analyze the factors associated with suicidal ideation in a representative sample of university students. Methods: cross-sectional study, carried out with 637 students of the Federal University of Mato Grosso. The presence of suicidal ideation, demographic and socioeconomic variables, use of alcohol through the Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test, and depressive symptoms (Major Depression Inventory) were investigated. Bivariate analysis was performed with the Chi-square test and multivariate analysis using the Poisson regression model...
May 15, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513762/water-fluoridation-in-brazilian-cities-at-the-first-decade-of-the-21st-century
#14
Paulo Frazão, Paulo Capel Narvai
OBJECTIVE: To assess the coverage of the fluoridation of the public water supply in Brazilian municipalities at the first decade of the 21st century, according to population size and municipal human development index (MHDI). METHODS: We have used data produced by national information agencies and the United Nations Development Programme. Population size was separated into < 10,000, 10,000-50,000, and > 50,000 inhabitants. The MHDI was classified into < 0...
May 15, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489179/analysis-of-economic-impact-between-the-modality-of-renal-replacement-therapy
#15
Denise Sbrissia E Silva Gouveia, Alexandre Tortoza Bignelli, Silvia Regina Hokazono, Itamara Danucalov, Tobias August Siemens, Fernando Meyer, Luiz Sergio Santos, Ziliane Caetano Lopes Martins, Tiago César Mierzwa, Raquel Furquim
Introduction: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major health problem, determining the reduction in life expectancy and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Method: An observational, cohort, retrospective, based on patient's medical records data with CKD under hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis and kidney transplantation in the city of Curitiba, in the period from January to June 2014, evacuativo the financial impact on the Unified Health System (SUS) and the supplementary health...
April 27, 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440979/-the-training-of-healthcare-personnel-and-the-improvement-in-health-care
#16
Lydia E Zerón-Gutiérrez, Gerardo Montaño-Fernández
As part of its commitment to improve healthcare services persistently, the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS) takes part in the constant training of its healthcare personnel, since the Institute knows that this has an impact on creating a virtuous circle of higher quality and giving cordial attention to patients. That is the reason why the Unidad de Educación, Investigación y Políticas en Salud has set up different programs, which offer diverse oportunities of study, always in line with the needs of the Institute...
May 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380185/trends-in-asthma-mortality-in-the-0-to-4-year-and-5-to-34-year-age-groups-in-brazil
#17
Gustavo Silveira Graudenz, Dominique Piacenti Carneiro, Rodolfo de Paula Vieira
Objective: To provide an update on trends in asthma mortality in Brazil for two age groups: 0-4 years and 5-34 years. Methods: Data on mortality from asthma, as defined in the International Classification of Diseases, were obtained for the 1980-2014 period from the Mortality Database maintained by the Information Technology Department of the Brazilian Unified Health Care System. To analyze time trends in standardized asthma mortality rates, we conducted an ecological time-series study, using regression models for the 0- to 4-year and 5- to 34-year age groups...
January 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355339/food-consumed-outside-the-home-in-brazil-according-to-places-of-purchase
#18
Ilana Nogueira Bezerra, Tyciane Maria Vieira Moreira, Jessica Brito Cavalcante, Amanda de Moura Souza, Rosely Sichieri
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to describe the places of purchase of food consumed outside the home, characterize consumers according to the places of consumption, and identify the food purchased by place of consumption in Brazil. METHODS: We have used data from the Pesquisa de Orçamento Familiar (Household Budget Survey) of 2008-2009 with a sample of 152,895 subjects over 10 years of age. The purchase of food outside the home was collected from the records of all expenditures made in seven days...
March 23, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355335/the-mental-health-care-model-in-brazil-analyses-of-the-funding-governance-processes-and-mechanisms-of-assessment
#19
Thiago Lavras Trapé, Rosana Onocko Campos
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to analyze the current status of the mental health care model of the Brazilian Unified Health System, according to its funding, governance processes, and mechanisms of assessment. METHODS: We have carried out a documentary analysis of the ordinances, technical reports, conference reports, normative resolutions, and decrees from 2009 to 2014. RESULTS: This is a time of consolidation of the psychosocial model, with expansion of the health care network and inversion of the funding for community services with a strong emphasis on the area of crack cocaine and other drugs...
March 23, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355334/social-inequality-in-health-revisiting-moments-and-trends-in-50-years-of-publication-of-rsp
#20
Marilisa Berti de Azevedo Barros
This study describes the frequency and types of articles on social inequalities in health published in 50 years of the Revista de Saúde Pública, taking as reference some milestones that were used as guidelines to develop the research on this theme. Checking titles, keywords and abstracts or full texts, we identified 288 articles whose central or secondary focus was social inequalities in health. Corresponding to just 1.8% in the initial years, articles on social inequalities in health have represent 10.1% of the articles published in the last decade...
March 23, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
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