keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

adolescent abuse

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811121/emergency-department-use-in-the-perinatal-period-an-opportunity-for-early-intervention
#1
Saloni Malik, Catherine Kothari, Colleen MacCallum, Michael Liepman, Shama Tareen, Karin V Rhodes
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We characterize emergency department (ED) utilization among perinatal women and identify differences in risk factors and outcomes between women who use versus do not use the ED during the perinatal period. METHODS: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study comparing patients who used the ED versus did not use the ED during the perinatal period. Patient data were collected from medical chart review and postpartum interviews. RESULTS: Of the 678 participants, 218 (33%) had at least 1 perinatal ED visit...
August 12, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809769/adverse-experiences-in-childhood-and-sexually-transmitted-infection-risk-from-adolescence-into-adulthood
#2
Stephanie London, Kelly Quinn, Joy D Scheidell, B Christopher Frueh, Maria R Khan
BACKGROUND: Childhood maltreatment, particularly sexual abuse, has been found to be associated with sexual risk behaviors later in life. We aimed to evaluate associations between a broad range of childhood traumas and sexual risk behaviors from adolescence into adulthood. METHODS: Using data from Waves I, III and IV of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health), we used logistic regression to estimate the unadjusted odds ratio (OR) and adjusted OR (AOR) for associations between 9 childhood traumas and a cumulative trauma score and three sexual risk outcomes (multiple partnerships, sex trade involvement, and sexually transmitted infection [STI]) in adolescence, young adulthood, and adulthood...
September 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806639/a-developmental-etiological-model-for-drug-abuse-in-men
#3
Kenneth S Kendler, Henrik Ohlsson, Alexis C Edwards, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist
BACKGROUND: We attempt to develop a relatively comprehensive structural model of risk factors for drug abuse (DA) in Swedish men that illustrates developmental and mediational processes. METHODS: We examined 20 risk factors for DA in 48,369 men undergoing conscription examinations in 1969-70 followed until 2011 when 2.34% (n=1134) of them had DA ascertained in medical, criminal and pharmacy registries. Risk factors were organized into four developmental tiers reflecting i) birth, ii) childhood/early adolescence, iii) late adolescence, and iv) young adulthood...
July 29, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802560/traumatic-brain-injuries-during-development-disrupt-dopaminergic-signaling
#4
Kate Karelina, Kristopher R Gaier, Zachary M Weil
Traumatic brain injuries (TBI) sustained during peri-adolescent development produce lasting neuro-behavioral changes that render individuals at an increased risk for developing substance abuse disorders. Experimental and clinical evidence of a prolonged period of hypodopaminergia after TBI have been well documented, but the effect of juvenile TBI on dopaminergic dysfunction and its relationship with substance abuse have not been investigated. In order to determine the effect of juvenile brain injury on dopaminergic signaling, female mice were injured at 21days of age and then beginning seven weeks later were assessed for behavioral sensitization to amphetamine, a drug that increases synaptic dopamine availability...
August 9, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800496/goal-commitment-predicts-treatment-outcome-for-adolescents-with-alcohol-use-disorder
#5
Yifrah Kaminer, Christine McCauley Ohannessian, James R McKay, Rebecca H Burke, Kaitlin Flannery
OBJECTIVE: Commitment to change is an innovative potential mediator and mechanism of behavior change (MOBC) that has not been examined in adolescents with substance use disorders (SUD). The Adolescent Substance Abuse Goal Commitment (ASAGC) questionnaire is a reliable and valid 2-scale measure developed to assess the adolescent's commitment to either abstinence or harm reduction (HR) that includes consumption reduction as a stated treatment goal. The objective of this study was to examine the ASAGC's ability to predict alcohol use treatment outcome...
July 31, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797932/when-social-support-is-not-enough-trauma-and-ptsd-symptoms-in-a-risk-sample-of-adolescents
#6
Ricardo J Pinto, Diogo Morgado, Sara Reis, Rita Monteiro, Alytia Levendosky, Inês Jongenelen
Social support can mitigate the severity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in children and adults following traumatic events. However, little is known about the role of social support in high-risk samples of adolescents from the community. The present study examined the relationship between social support and PTSD symptoms in adolescents exposed to traumatic events and childhood adversity, after adjusting for the effects of potential covariates, including sociodemographic factors, previous childhood adversity, level of exposure, comorbid anxiety, depression symptoms, and substance abuse, and coping strategies...
August 7, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794976/general-and-emotion-specific-alterations-to-cognitive-control-in-women-with-a-history-of-childhood-abuse
#7
Kristen L Mackiewicz Seghete, Roselinde H Kaiser, Anne P DePrince, Marie T Banich
BACKGROUND: Although limited, the literature suggests alterations in activation of cognitive control regions in adults and adolescents with a history of childhood abuse. The current study examined whether such alterations are increased in the face of emotionally-distracting as compared to emotionally neutral information, and whether such alterations occur in brain regions that exert cognitive control in a more top-down sustained manner or a more bottom-up transient manner. METHODS: Participants were young adult women (ages 23-30): one group with a history of childhood physical or sexual abuse (N = 15) and one with no trauma exposure (N = 17), as assessed through the Trauma History Questionnaire and a two-stage interview adapted from the National Crime Victims Survey...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790900/maladaptive-decision-making-in-adults-with-a-history-of-adolescent-alcohol-use-in-a-preclinical-model-is-attributable-to-the-compromised-assignment-of-incentive-value-during-stimulus-reward-learning
#8
Lauren C Kruse, Abigail G Schindler, Rapheal G Williams, Sophia J Weber, Jeremy J Clark
According to recent WHO reports, alcohol remains the number one substance used and abused by adolescents, despite public health efforts to curb its use. Adolescence is a critical period of biological maturation where brain development, particularly the mesocorticolimbic dopamine system, undergoes substantial remodeling. These circuits are implicated in complex decision making, incentive learning and reinforcement during substance use and abuse. An appealing theoretical approach has been to suggest that alcohol alters the normal development of these processes to promote deficits in reinforcement learning and decision making, which together make individuals vulnerable to developing substance use disorders in adulthood...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776841/is-affluence-a-risk-for-adolescents-in-norway
#9
Terese J Lund, Eric Dearing, Henrik Daae Zachrisson
Studies suggest that affluence poses a risk for adolescents, but this has rarely been studied outside the United States. We examined the unique and additive roles of family and school affluence for adolescent outcomes among 10th-grade students (n = 7,203) in Oslo, Norway. Multilevel models were estimated separately by gender. For both boys and girls, school affluence was a risk for alcohol abuse and family affluence was a risk for conduct problems, although for conduct the risk was only at the very highest end of income distribution and adolescents in very poor families were also at risk...
September 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776181/-healthcare-situation-for-children-adolescent-and-adult-victims-of-sexual-violence-in-germany-a%C3%A2-critical-overview
#10
REVIEW
Silke Pawils, Susanne Nick, Franka Metzner, Annett Lotzin, Ingo Schäfer
In Germany, since 2010 the debate regarding sexual assault victims, additionally due to extensive activities of the independent commissioner for questions regarding sexual abuse of children (Unabhängiger Beauftragter für Fragen des sexuellen Kindesmissbrauchs, UBSKM), has received increased attention from the public and the healthcare system. Sexual violence is a burdening experience regardless of age and can have a lasting impact on the physical, psychological and/or social life of victims. Empirically, it has been found that more than half of the adult population suffering from mental disorders have experienced sexual abuse in childhood and adolescence...
August 3, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771942/patterns-of-abuse-and-routes-of-administration-for-immediate-release-hydrocodone-combination-products
#11
Theresa A Cassidy, Natasha Oyedele, Travis C Mickle, Sven Guenther, Simon H Budman
PURPOSE: Prescriptions for hydrocodone immediate-release (IR) combination products have recently decreased, yet they represent the majority of opioid prescriptions dispensed and are commonly abused analgesics among both adults and adolescents. Little data exist to understand the contribution of IR products to the problem of prescription opioid abuse. This study aimed to better understand abuse patterns for hydrocodone IR combination products among adult and adolescent substance abusers...
August 3, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771626/prevalence-of-problematic-cell-phone-use-in-an-adult-population-in-spain-as-assessed-by-the-mobile-phone-problem-use-scale-mppus
#12
José de-Sola, Hernán Talledo, Fernando Rodríguez de Fonseca, Gabriel Rubio
Problematic cell phone use has alarmingly increased in industrialized countries in the past 10 years. For many perpetrators, it can turn into a behavioural addiction, although this is not a recognized medical condition. Although there are many tools for evaluating this use, one of the most widely used tools is the Mobile Phone Problematic Use Scale (MPPUS), which we test on a representative sample of the population in Spain to obtain an estimate of the prevalence of problematic cell phone use in our midst. The age range consists of 16-65 years, with 1,126 surveys conducted...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770659/depression-and-behavioral-problems-among-adolescent-girls-and-young-women-employees-of-the-textile-industry-in-india
#13
Nancy Angeline Gnanaselvam, Bobby Joseph
Stress and depression are common in textile industry employees due to inadequate working conditions and challenging socioeconomic conditions. The objective of the study was to assess depression and mental health among adolescent and young females currently employed in a textile factory located in Tamil Nadu compared with past employees and women who have never been employed. This cross-sectional study included a total of 107 participants in each study group who were interviewed. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 and Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire were administered to screen participants for depression and mental health...
August 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770443/how-to-proceed-with-examination-of-a-child
#14
REVIEW
Sonia Makhija, Poornima Tiwari
The assessment of a child is quite different from that of adults and requires knowledge of normal variations in anatomy and physiology with growth and development. An important part of initial assessment includes triage and recognizing children with emergency signs so that they can be managed at the earliest to prevent death and referred timely to the specialist. After ruling out emergency signs, the children with priority signs require prompt assessment, management and referral to the specialist. In addition to normal history as in adults, prenatal and birth history, developmental history, immunization history, feeding history and social history are important for complete assessment of the child...
August 3, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767962/cyber-dating-abuse-in-affective-and-sexual-relationships-a-literature-review
#15
Roberta Matassoli Duran Flach, Suely Ferreira Deslandes
Cyber culture with its related e-commerce, expanded since the 2000s through the advent of social network platforms, incites participants to engage in hyper-exposure and spectacularization of their private lives, with inherent consequences for personal image and privacy, publicizing private matters (especially those pertaining to sexuality and corporality) in the digital media. This raises the need to understand how the phenomenon of cyber dating abuse in affective and sexual relationships is conceptualized and characterized in scientific studies, which health problems are associated with it, and which social technologies are suggested for intervention...
July 27, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767010/social-support-of-adolescent-survivors-of-child-sexual-abuse-and-sexual-revictimization-in-turkey
#16
Nilüfer Koçtürk, Filiz Bilge
Sexual revictimization refers to having a history of child sexual abuse and an experience of being assaulted again in adolescence or adulthood. This descriptive study examined perceived social support of nonvictim adolescents and adolescents who had survived single sexual abuse and sexual revictimization. Participants were 210 adolescent girls, all aged between 15 and 18, selected by a convenience sampling method; 70 had survived sexual revictimization, 70 had survived single sexual abuse, and 70 were nonvictims...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765679/placement-instability-among-young-people-removed-from-their-original-family-and-the-likely-mental-health-implications
#17
Simon Rice, Sue Cotton, Kristen Moeller-Saxone, Cathrine Mihalopoulos, Anne Magnus, Carol Harvey, Cathy Humphreys, Stephen Halperin, Angela Scheppokat, Patrick McGorry, Helen Herrman
BACKGROUND: Young people in out-of-home care are more likely to experience poorer mental and physical health outcomes related to their peers. Stable care environments are essential for ameliorating impacts of disruptive early childhood experiences, including exposure to psychological trauma, abuse and neglect. At present there are very few high quality data regarding the placement stability history of young people in out-of-home care in Australia or other countries. OBJECTIVES: To undertake the first systematic census of background, care type and placement stability characteristics of young people living in the out-of-home care sector in Australia...
April 25, 2017: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762279/family-factors-in-adolescent-problematic-internet-gaming-a-systematic-review
#18
Luke A Schneider, Daniel L King, Paul H Delfabbro
Background and aims Familial influences are known to affect the likelihood of an adolescent becoming a problem gamer. This systematic review examined some of the key findings in empirical research on family factors related to adolescent problem gaming. Methods A total of 14 studies in the past decade were evaluated. Family-related variables included: (a) parent status (e.g., socioeconomic status and mental health), (b) parent-child relationship (e.g., warmth, conflict, and abuse), (c) parental influence on gaming (e...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760088/race-and-victim-age-matter-sexual-behaviors-and-experiences-among-confined-african-american-and-european-american-youth-with-sexual-and-nonsexual-offenses
#19
Rebecca L Fix, John Michael Falligant, Apryl A Alexander, Barry R Burkhart
Previous research has found differences in sexual behavior and types of sexual offending by offense category and racial/ethnic group. The present study examined effects of offense category, victim age, and race/ethnicity on sexual behavior. Data from 561 confined adolescents adjudicated for illegal sexual behavior (AISBs) and adolescents adjudicated for illegal nonsexual behavior (AINBs) were included in the present study. A hierarchical multinomial logistic regression was run to test whether sexual experiences and behaviors differentially predicted AINBs, AISBs with child victims, and AISBs with peer/adult victims...
July 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760077/mothers-experiences-of-coping-with-adolescent-substance-abuse-a-phenomenological-inquiry
#20
Candice Groenewald, Arvin Bhana
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIM: Research shows that adolescent substance abuse significantly impacts on the lives of mothers. The stresses that mothers endure as a result of the adolescents' substance abuse prompt them to find ways to cope with these stressful experiences. This paper explores the coping responses of South African mothers whose adolescents have been admitted to treatment for alcohol or drug abuse. DESIGN AND METHOD: An interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) framework was adopted in this study using a multiple case study design...
August 1, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
keyword
keyword
49838
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"