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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332546/drinking-motives-as-a-moderator-of-the-relationship-between-dating-violence-victimization-and-alcohol-problems
#1
Ellen E Haynes, Catherine V Strauss, Gregory L Stuart, Ryan C Shorey
The present study sought to examine whether drinking motives (i.e., coping, social, conformity, and enhancement) moderated the relationship between physical, sexual, and psychological dating violence victimization and alcohol-related problems in a sample of drinking college women ( N = 177). Results demonstrated that coping and social drinking motives moderated the relationship between sexual victimization and alcohol problems; conformity, social, and enhancement drinking motives moderated the relationship between alcohol-related problems and physical victimization; no significant findings were evident for psychological aggression victimization...
April 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332540/using-the-woman-abuse-screening-tool-to-screen-for-and-assess-dating-violence-in-college-students
#2
Janet Yuen-Ha Wong, Daniel Yee-Tak Fong, Jessie Ho-Yin Yau, Edmond Pui-Hang Choi, Anna Wai-Man Choi, Judith Belle Brown
The study aimed to evaluate the measurement properties of the Woman Abuse Screening Tool (WAST) in Chinese college students. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Hong Kong. A cutoff score of 10 was found to be able to discriminate between abused and nonabused Chinese young adults. The total score was significantly correlated with total scores for anxiety and depression on the Chinese version of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Two-factor structure of the WAST was supported by exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses...
October 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328874/neighborhood-interventions-to-reduce-violence
#3
Michelle C Kondo, Elena Andreyeva, Eugenia C South, John M MacDonald, Charles C Branas
Violence is a widespread problem that affects the physical, mental, and social health of individuals and communities. Violence comes with an immense economic cost to its victims and society at large. Although violence interventions have traditionally targeted individuals, changes to the built environment in places where violence occurs show promise as practical, sustainable, and high-impact preventive measures. This review examines studies that use quasi-experimental or experimental designs to compare violence outcomes for treatment and control groups before and after a change is implemented in the built environment...
January 12, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317582/health-and-life-satisfaction-for-chinese-gay-men-%C3%A2-in-guangzhou-china
#4
Yong Yu, Shuiyuan Xiao
To understand Chinese gay men's health and life satisfaction in Guanzhou, and to analyze the main factors for life satisfaction.
 Methods: Male gay participants were recruited through respondent-driven sampling and face-to-face investigations with self-administered questionnaires, including a general demographic questionnaire, a suicide questionnaire, the Depression-Anxiety Stress Scale, the Self-Stigma Scale, the Perceived Social Support Scale, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and the Satisfaction with Life Scale...
December 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305016/-design-and-validation-of-the-scale-for-the-detection-of-violence-in-courtship-in-young-people-in-the-sevilla-university-spain
#5
María Ángeles García-Carpintero, Javier Rodríguez-Santero, Ana María Porcel-Gálvez
OBJECTIVE: To design and validate a specific instrument to detect exercised and suffered in the relations of young couples in violence. METHOD: Descriptive study of validation clinimetric. Stratified by sex and area of knowledge, which was adopted as inclusion criteria have or have had any relationship. The sample consisted of 447 subjects. RESULTS: We obtained the Multidimensional Scale Dating Violence (EMVN), 32 items with three dimensions: physical and sexual assault, behavior control (cyberbullying, surveillance and harassment) and abuse psicoemocional (disparagement and domination), as a victim or as aggressor...
January 2, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302173/in-women-s-eyes-key-barriers-to-women-s-access-to-hiv-treatment-and-a-rights-based-approach-to-their-sustained-well-being
#6
Luisa Orza, Emily Bass, Emma Bell, E Tyler Crone, Nazneen Damji, Sophie Dilmitis, Liz Tremlett, Nasra Aidarus, Jacqui Stevenson, Souhaila Bensaid, Calorine Kenkem, Gracia Violeta Ross, Elena Kudravtseva, Alice Welbourn
There is rightly a huge global effort to enable women living with HIV to have long productive lives, through treatment access. However, many women living with HIV experience violence against women (VAW), in both domestic and health care settings. The ways in which VAW might prevent treatment access and adherence for women has not to date been reviewed coherently at the global level, from women's own perspectives. Meanwhile, funding for global health care, including HIV treatment, is shrinking. To optimize women's health and know how best to optimize facilitators and minimize barriers to access and adherence, especially in this shrinking funding context, we need to understand more about these issues from women's own perspectives...
December 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295029/perspective-taking-and-empathy-mitigate-family-of-origin-risk-for-electronic-aggression-perpetration-toward-dating-partners-a-brief-report
#7
Michelle C Ramos, Kelly F Miller, Ilana K Moss, Gayla Margolin
Electronic dating aggression among emerging adults is prevalent and has adverse consequences, yet factors that increase or decrease the risk for perpetrating electronic aggression against a romantic partner are understudied. This investigation advances the literature in two novel ways. First, based on intergenerational transmission of violence theories, we tested the link between family-of-origin aggression (FOA) history and electronic aggression toward romantic partners, using a diverse sample of emerging adults...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294989/a-10-year-study-of-the-impact-of-intimate-partner-violence-primary-aggressor-laws-on-single-and-dual-arrest
#8
David Hirschel, Philip D McCormack, Eve Buzawa
The adoption of arrest as the preferred response in incidents of intimate partner violence has generally been welcomed, but it has not come without unintended consequences. Foremost among these has been an increase in dual arrest, the situation where both parties to an incident are arrested. To address this concern, many states have enacted primary aggressor laws which mandate that officers determine who is the primary aggressor in the incident. To date, no longitudinal national study has been conducted on the impact of these laws...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294968/situational-and-dispositional-determinants-of-college-men-s-perception-of-women-s-sexual-desire-and-consent-to-sex-a-factorial-vignette-analysis
#9
Ashton M Lofgreen, Richard E Mattson, Samantha A Wagner, Edwin G Ortiz, Matthew D Johnson
Sexual victimization of women by men on college campuses is a growing societal concern, with research identifying a host of situational and characterological factors that may predict men's likelihood to engage in sexual misconduct. In the present study, we examined the relative contribution and potential interplay of these various determinants on college men's perceptions of women's sexual desire and consent in hypothetical dating scenarios depicting a sexual interaction. We found that the men ( N = 145) in this sample (a) conflated sexual desire with consent, (b) varied their appraisals of consent and desire depending on whether and how the woman in the vignette communicated consent or refusal, (c) perceived higher levels of consent if the man in the vignette had intercourse with the woman previously and as a function of escalating sexual intimacy in the ongoing interaction, (d) endorsed higher levels of perceived desire and consent across situations if they more strongly held rape-supportive attitudes, and (e) moderated their association between situational factors and perceptions of a woman's sexual intentions based on their endorsement of rape myths and a hypermasculine ideology...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294929/the-relationship-between-approval-of-violence-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-college-students
#10
Chelsea M Spencer, Preston Morgan, James Bridges, Michelle Washburn-Busk, Sandra M Stith
Dating violence is a significant problem among college students. Using a sample of 248 male and 304 female college students, we explored whether or not male and female college students differed in their approval rates of male-to-female intimate partner violence (IPV) and female-to-male IPV. We also examined how approval of violence related to reports of physical, psychological, and sexual IPV perpetration and victimization. We found that both male and female college students had higher levels of approval of female-to-male IPV than male-to-female IPV...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294917/bidirectional-relations-between-dating-violence-victimization-and-substance-use-in-a-diverse-sample-of-early-adolescents
#11
Katherine A Taylor, Terri N Sullivan
Substance use and dating violence victimization are common in adolescence and represent significant public health concerns. Although theoretical accounts suggest a bidirectional association between substance use and victimization within dating relationships, this has not been tested during early adolescence. Thus, the current study examined bidirectional associations between physical and psychological dating violence victimization and substance use across 6 months among an ethnically diverse sample of early adolescents...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294914/childhood-trauma-gender-inequitable-attitudes-alcohol-use-and-multiple-sexual-partners-correlates-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-northern-tanzania
#12
Lisa J Messersmith, Nafisa Halim, Ester Steven Mzilangwe, Naomi Reich, Lilian Badi, Nelson Bingham Holmes, Maria Servidone, Elizabeth Simmons, Philbert Kawemama
Intimate partner violence (IPV), including physical, sexual, emotional, and economic violence, has profound immediate and long-term effects on individuals and communities worldwide. To date, few studies have focused on couples' reporting of IPV. The aim of this article is to present the results of a survey of couples' reporting of IPV and the individual, interpersonal, and social correlates of IPV in northern Tanzania. Four hundred fifty couples from Karatu District, Tanzania, completed a questionnaire measuring attitudes on gender norms and relations, men's experience of childhood trauma, and men's perpetration and women's experience of IPV...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294900/characterizing-sexual-violence-in-intimate-relationships-an-examination-of-blame-attributions-and-rape-acknowledgment
#13
Anna E Jaffe, Anne L Steel, David DiLillo, Terri L Messman-Moore, Kim L Gratz
Rape by an intimate partner frequently involves a precedence of sexual consent between victim and perpetrator, often does not include the use of physical force, and may not fit societal definitions of rape. Given these unique characteristics, women who are assaulted by an intimate partner may be less likely to acknowledge the experience as a rape. In turn, they might make fewer blame attributions toward themselves and their perpetrators than victims of rape by a nonpartner. Consistent with these expectations, results from 208 community women reporting rape in adulthood revealed the presence of indirect effects of perpetrator type (nonpartner vs...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294898/power-and-inequality-intimate-partner-violence-against-bisexual-and-non-monosexual-women-in-the-united-states
#14
Bethany M Coston
While just over one in three heterosexual women will experience intimate partner violence (IPV) in her lifetime, 61% of bisexual women and 78% of non-monosexual women will. Combining previous research and theories on power, social resources, binegativity, and gender-based violence, this article analyzes the role of power and inequality in non-monosexual women's IPV victimization. Using data from the National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey, this article first examines rates of IPV victimization for statistically significant differences between monosexual (e...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294897/adolescent-perceptions-of-dating-violence-a-qualitative-study
#15
Sarah Taylor, Carrie A Calkins, Yan Xia, Rochelle L Dalla
Scholars have identified dating violence as a public health issue among adolescents. Yet, minimal research has detailed adolescents' perceptions of dating violence, specifically gender differences in perceptions. Research suggests that in order for dating violence prevention and intervention to be effective, services need to be delivered in a manner that is understood by adolescents. Therefore, this study used a qualitative phenomenology study to investigate adolescents' perceptions of dating violence, including gender differences in adolescents' perceptions...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294890/childhood-trauma-trait-anxiety-and-anxious-attachment-as-predictors-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-college-students
#16
Margaret M McClure, Megan Parmenter
The current study investigates the relationship between intimate partner violence (IPV), childhood trauma, trait anxiety, depression, and anxious attachment in college students. Ninety-three male and 161 female undergraduate students at Fairfield University, ranging in age from 17 to 23, with a mean age of 18.8 years, participated. Participants completed five self-report inventories: The Conflict in Adolescent Dating Relationships Inventory (CADRI), the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and the Adult Attachment Scale (AAS)...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294889/mediating-factors-explaining-the-association-between-sexual-minority-status-and-dating-violence
#17
Alexa Martin-Storey, Kim Fromme
Dating violence presents a serious threat for individual health and well-being. A growing body of literature suggests that starting in adolescence, individuals with sexual minority identities (e.g., individuals who identify as gay, lesbian, or bisexual) may be at an increased risk for dating violence compared with heterosexuals. Research has not, however, identified the mechanisms that explain this vulnerability. Using a diverse sample of young adults ( n = 2,474), the current study explored how minority stress theory, revictimization theory, sex of sexual partners, and risky sexual behavior explained differences in dating violence between sexual minority and heterosexual young adults...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294867/relationship-dynamics-and-intimate-partner-violence-among-israeli-college-students-the-moderating-effect-of-communication-problems
#18
Ruhama Goussinsky, Keren Michael, Dalit Yassour-Borochowitz
The present study, based on data from the International Dating Violence Study obtained in 2004 ( N = 465) and on data obtained in 2015 ( N = 392), estimated the prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization and perpetration among Israeli college students. The main purpose of the study was to investigate whether communication problems (i.e., avoidant communication and disrespectful communication) intensify the effects of relationship dynamics (dominance, partner's controlling behavior, and jealousy) on physical IPV...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294845/cyber-dating-abuse-investigating-digital-monitoring-behaviors-among-adolescents-from-a-social-learning-perspective
#19
Joris Van Ouytsel, Koen Ponnet, Michel Walrave
Just as with other forms of abuse such as bullying, dating violence is no longer limited to physical spaces. Several forms of dating violence can also be perpetrated by means of technology. Few studies have used a theoretical perspective to investigate cyber dating abuse. This study addresses this gap in the literature by focusing on the perpetration of digital monitoring behaviors-a form of cyber dating abuse-from a social learning perspective. We investigate the extent to which perceived social norms about cyber dating abuse, witnessing controlling behaviors among parents, and endorsing gender stereotypes are linked with adolescents' engagement in digital monitoring behaviors...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294836/an-analysis-of-help-seeking-patterns-among-college-student-victims-of-sexual-assault-dating-violence-and-stalking
#20
Victoria Ameral, Kathleen M Palm Reed, Denise A Hines
Despite the negative outcomes associated with sexual assault (SA), dating violence (DV), and stalking victimization, many victims, particularly college students, do not seek help for these crimes. To date, the majority of help-seeking research has focused on one form of victimization, despite substantial evidence that many victims experience more than one form of interpersonal violence. In addition to consideration of such polyvictims, intervention efforts to increase help-seeking to improve victim outcomes may benefit from a clearer understanding of overlapping predictors of help-seeking across victimization types...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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