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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185022/correlates-of-double-risk-of-hiv-acquisition-and-transmission-among-women-who-inject-drugs-in-st-petersburg-russia
#1
Polina Girchenko, Elizabeth J King
Russia continues to experience a growing HIV epidemic, and women account for an increasing proportion of new HIV diagnoses in the country. This study aims to provide up-to-date information on factors associated with unsafe sex and drug use behaviors among women who inject drugs in St. Petersburg, Russia. In this community-based sample of 500 women who inject drugs, 64% tested positive for HIV. Women reported the following: 21% reported injection risk, 22% reported sexual risk, and 18% reported double risk. Multivariable analyses using logistic multinomial regression showed that older age is associated with increased risk behaviors...
February 9, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147458/age-of-sexual-debut-and-physical-dating-violence-victimization-sex-differences-among-us-high-school-students
#2
Timothy O Ihongbe, Susan Cha, Saba W Masho
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that early age of sexual debut is associated with physical dating violence (PDV), but sex-specific associations are sparse. We estimated the prevalence of PDV victimization in high school students who have initiated sexual intercourse and examined sex-specific association between age of sexual debut and PDV victimization. METHODS: Data on 8637 students in grades 9 through 12 who had initiated sex was obtained from the 2009-2011 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey...
March 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139252/childhood-sexual-abuse-sexual-motives-and-adolescent-sexual-risk-taking-among-males-and-females-receiving-child-welfare-services
#3
Christine Wekerle, Abby L Goldstein, Masako Tanaka, Lil Tonmyr
Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is associated with multiple negative outcomes, including increased risky sexual behavior. To date, the majority of research on the relationship between CSA and risky sex in adolescence has been limited, with a lack of focus on males and youth receiving child welfare services. Participants in the current study were 297 youth (mean age=15.98; SD=1.01, 57.6% female) from the child welfare system who reported being sexually active at the time of the survey. CSA was associated with severity of other types of maltreatment for both genders, and exposure to intimate partner violence for females only...
January 27, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130900/what-would-they-do-parents-responses-to-hypothetical-adolescent-dating-violence-situations
#4
Arlene N Weisz, Beverly M Black, Alicia C Hawley
Although adolescent dating violence (ADV) is recognized as a significant public health problem, little is known about how parents respond to it. This article analyzes exploratory, qualitative data from a public opinion survey of 529 Midwestern, U.S. parents’ ideas about how they would respond to a daughter victimized by ADV. It examines differing responses between mothers and fathers across 3 vignettes. Most parents viewed the ADV as serious, meriting deeper discussions with the daughter, boyfriend, or his parents...
January 27, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130893/perceptions-of-psychological-abuse-versus-physical-abuse-and-their-relationship-with-mental-health-outcomes
#5
B S Sandra F Masci, Sonya Sanderson
Prior research has been limited in examining at what degree aggressive actions are initially perceived negatively. Thepresent research examined whether anxiety, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms were associated with prior abuse or with being attributed to past or present relationships. Scales such as the Dating Relationship Profile (DRP) and hypothetical scenarios of abuse perpetration were used. This study hypothesized that acceptability ratings from hypothetical scenarios would predict answers on DRP items measuring whether physical or psychological abuse is considered acceptable in relationships...
January 27, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126359/spanking-and-adult-mental-health-impairment-the-case-for-the-designation-of-spanking-as-an-adverse-childhood-experience
#6
Tracie O Afifi, Derek Ford, Elizabeth T Gershoff, Melissa Merrick, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor, Katie A Ports, Harriet L MacMillan, George W Holden, Catherine A Taylor, Shawna J Lee, Robbyn Peters Bennett
Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) such as child abuse are related to poor health outcomes. Spanking has indicated a similar association with health outcomes, but to date has not been considered an ACE. Physical and emotional abuse have been shown in previous research to correlate highly and may be similar in nature to spanking. To determine if spanking should be considered an ACE, this study aimed to examine 1): the grouping of spanking with physical and emotional abuse; and 2) if spanking has similar associations with poor adult health problems and accounts for additional model variance...
January 23, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125385/climate-change-and-collective-violence
#7
Barry S Levy, Victor W Sidel, Jonathan A Patz
Climate change is causing increases in temperature, changes in precipitation and extreme weather events, sea-level rise, and other environmental impacts. It is also causing or contributing to heat-related disorders, respiratory and allergic disorders, infectious diseases, malnutrition due to food insecurity, and mental health disorders. In addition, increasing evidence indicates that climate change is causally associated with collective violence, generally in combination with other causal factors. Increased temperatures and extremes of precipitation with their associated consequences, including resultant scarcity of cropland and other key environmental resources, are major pathways by which climate change leads to collective violence...
January 11, 2017: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114773/consequences-of-violence-across-the-lifespan-mental-health-and-sleep-quality-in-pregnant-women
#8
Laura E Miller-Graff, Philip Cheng
OBJECTIVE: Research has demonstrated that exposure to violence and adversity has negative effects on both mental health and biobehavioral outcomes, such as sleep health. Research examining the relationship between past and recent violence exposure and mental health suggests that the effects of childhood adversity are especially pernicious, but to date, no studies have attempted to disentangle the direct, indirect and relative effects of past year versus childhood exposure to violence and adversity on sleep...
January 23, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109451/revictimization-after-adolescent-dating-violence-in-a-matched-national-sample-of-youth
#9
Deinera Exner-Cortens, John Eckenrode, John Bunge, Emily Rothman
PURPOSE: To assess if adolescent dating violence was associated with physical intimate partner violence victimization in adulthood, using a comprehensive propensity score to create a matched group of victims and nonvictims. METHODS: Secondary analysis of waves 1 (1994-1995), 2 (1996), 3 (2001-2002) and 4 (2007-2008) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, a nationally representative sample of US high schools and middle schools. Individuals aged 12-18 reporting adolescent dating violence between the wave 1 and 2 interviews (n = 732) were matched to nonvictimized participants of the same sex (n = 1,429) using propensity score matching...
February 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109181/stability-of-alcohol-use-and-teen-dating-violence-for-female-youth-a-latent-transition-analysis
#10
Hye Jeong Choi, JoAnna Elmquist, Ryan C Shorey, Emily F Rothman, Gregory L Stuart, Jeff R Temple
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Alcohol use is one of the most widely accepted and studied risk factors for teen dating violence (TDV). Too little research has explored longitudinally if it is true that an adolescent's alcohol use and TDV involvement simultaneously occur. In the current study, we examined whether there were latent status based on past-year TDV and alcohol use and whether female adolescents changed their statuses of TDV and alcohol use over time. METHODS: The sample consisted of 583 female youths in seven public high schools in Texas...
January 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109121/cannabis-use-and-dating-violence-among-college-students-a-call-for-research
#11
Ryan C Shorey, Ellen Haynes, Catherine Strauss, Jeff R Temple, Gregory L Stuart
Dating violence is a serious and prevalent problem on college campuses. Although there is a robust literature documenting that alcohol use is consistently associated with increased risk for perpetrating dating violence, little research has examined the role of cannabis in dating violence perpetration. With increasing legalisation of cannabis throughout the world, it is imperative to understand what role, if any, cannabis may play in the important public health problem of dating violence. In this commentary, we discuss the current state of the research on cannabis and dating violence and suggest avenues for additional research in this area...
January 21, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101748/romantic-attachment-conflict-resolution-styles-and-teen-dating-violence-victimization
#12
Helena Bonache, Rosaura Gonzalez-Mendez, Barbara Krahé
Although research on dating violence has increased in the last decades, little is known about the role of romantic attachment and conflict resolution in understanding victimization by an intimate partner among adolescents. This study examined the relationships between insecure attachment styles, destructive conflict resolution strategies, self-reported and perceived in the partner, and psychological and physical victimization by a dating partner in 1298 adolescents (49% girls). Anxious attachment was related to both forms of victimization via self-reported conflict engagement and conflict engagement attributed to the partner among boys and girls...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093667/low-and-increasing-trajectories-of-perpetration-of-physical-dating-violence-7-year-associations-with-suicidal-ideation-weapons-and-substance-use
#13
Pamela Orpinas, Lusine Nahapetyan, Natalia Truszczynski
Understanding the interrelation among problem behaviors and their change over time is fundamental for prevention research. The Healthy Teens Longitudinal Study followed a cohort of adolescents from Grades 6-12. Prior research identified two distinct trajectories of perpetration of physical dating violence: Low and Increasing. The purpose of this study was to examine whether adolescents in these two trajectories differed longitudinally on other problem behaviors: (1) suicidal ideation and attempts, (2) weapon-carrying and threats with a weapon, and (3) substance use, particularly alcohol and marijuana...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087129/childhood-maltreatment-and-unprotected-sex-among-female-juvenile-offenders-evidence-of-mediation-by-substance-abuse-and-psychological-distress
#14
Kristen Clements-Nolle, Sandra Larson, Aliya Buttar, Lindsey Dermid-Gray
PURPOSE: Research has shown that childhood maltreatment is associated with sexual risk taking among female juvenile offenders; however, the mechanisms by which maltreatment influences sexual risk remain poorly understood. We assessed whether substance abuse, psychological distress, and dating violence mediate the relationship between childhood maltreatment and unprotected sex. METHODS: Sexually active female juvenile offenders (13-17 years of age) completed audio computer-assisted self-interviews (n = 232)...
January 10, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056357/the-associations-of-adolescents-dating-violence-victimization-well-being-and-engagement-in-risk-behaviors
#15
Joris Van Ouytsel, Koen Ponnet, Michel Walrave
This brief report describes dating violence victimization among adolescents in Flanders, Belgium, and focuses on how dating violence is related to adolescents' well-being and engagement in risk behaviors, such as substance use, sexual behaviors, and engagement in vandalism or fighting. A survey was conducted in Flanders, Belgium among 1187 adolescents (61.3% female, n = 728). A total of 466 respondents between 16 and 22 years old (M = 17.82 years, SD = 0.92) were in a relationship (71.0% female, n = 331), and, therefore, formed the subsample of the present study...
February 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032214/perinatal-suicidal-ideation-and-behaviour-psychiatry-and-adversity
#16
Michael Nnachebe Onah, Sally Field, Jason Bantjes, Simone Honikman
Pregnant women are at increased risk for suicidal ideation and behaviours (SIB) compared to the general population. To date, studies have focused on the psychiatric correlates of SIB with lesser attention given to the associated contextual risk factors, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. We investigated the prevalence and associated psychiatric and socio-economic contextual factors for SIB among pregnant women living in low resource communities in South Africa. Three hundred seventy-six pregnant women were evaluated using a range of tools to collect data on socio-economic and demographic factors, social support, life events, interpersonal violence and mental health diagnoses...
December 28, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005228/patterns-of-dating-violence-victimization-and-perpetration-among-latino-youth
#17
H Luz McNaughton Reyes, Vangie A Foshee, May S Chen, Susan T Ennett
Theory and research suggest that there may be significant heterogeneity in the development, manifestation, and consequences of adolescent dating violence that is not yet well understood. The current study contributed to our understanding of this heterogeneity by identifying distinct patterns of involvement in psychological, physical, and sexual dating violence victimization and perpetration in a sample of Latino youth (n = 201; M = 13.87 years; 42% male), a group that is understudied, growing, and at high risk for involvement in dating violence...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002982/dangerous-girls-and-cheating-boys-zulu-speaking-disabled-young-peoples-constructs-of-heterosexual-relationships-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#18
Paul Chappell
Across South Africa there is a growing body of work that explores gender dynamics in heterosexual relationships between young people aged 15-24 years. This is mainly influenced by the high prevalence of HIV and the incidence of intimate partner violence in this age group. Most studies to date have been based upon non-disabled young people, with limited focus on young disabled people. In an attempt to address this gap, this paper describes findings from a study conducted with 22 Zulu-speaking young people with visual and physical disabilities in KwaZulu-Natal...
December 22, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995627/exposure-to-violence-a-risk-for-suicide-in-youths-and-young-adults-a-meta-analysis-of-longitudinal-studies
#19
P Castellví, A Miranda-Mendizábal, O Parés-Badell, J Almenara, I Alonso, M J Blasco, A Cebrià, A Gabilondo, M Gili, C Lagares, J A Piqueras, M Roca, J Rodríguez-Marín, T Rodríguez-Jimenez, V Soto-Sanz, J Alonso
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association and magnitude of the effect of early exposure to different types of interpersonal violence (IPV) with suicide attempt and suicide death in youths and young adults. METHOD: We searched six databases until June 2015. Inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) assessment of any type of IPV as risk factor of suicide attempt or suicide: (i) child maltreatment [childhood physical, sexual, emotional abuse, neglect], (ii) bullying, (iii) dating violence, and (iv) community violence; (2) population-based case-control or cohort studies; and (3) subjects aged 12-26 years...
December 20, 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992583/labour-trafficking-among-men-and-boys-in-the-greater-mekong-subregion-exploitation-violence-occupational-health-risks-and-injuries
#20
Nicola S Pocock, Ligia Kiss, Sian Oram, Cathy Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Men comprise nearly two-thirds of trafficked and forced labourers in common low-skilled labour sectors including fishing, agriculture and factory work. Yet, most evidence on human trafficking has focused on women and girls trafficked for sex work, with scant research on trafficked men and boys. METHODS: We analyse survey data from the largest systematic consecutive sample of trafficked people collected to date to describe the prevalence of violence, occupational health risks and injuries and associated factors...
2016: PloS One
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