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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771949/correlates-of-domestic-violence-perpetration-reporting-among-recently-married-men-residing-in-slums-in-pune-india
#1
Ameeta S Kalokhe, Sandhya R Iyer, Keshav Gadhe, Tuman Katendra, Anuradha Paranjape, Carlos Del Rio, Rob Stephenson, Seema Sahay
Domestic violence (DV) is prevalent in low-income and slum-dwelling communities in India. To date, the focus of DV prevention in resource-poor settings has largely been with women. We herein aim to identify correlates of DV perpetration to help inform future primary prevention efforts that focus on behavioral change in men. Utilizing a cross-sectional design, potential correlates of DV perpetration were explored among a geographically-clustered random sample of 100 recently-married men residing in slums in Pune, India...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766755/the-role-of-maternal-acceptance-in-mediating-child-outcomes-among-substance-using-women-experiencing-intimate-partner-violence
#2
Laura Cully, Qiong Wu, Natasha Slesnick
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is prevalent in the United States, and many women who experience IPV have children in their care. Substance use is common among this population and affects parenting behaviors such as maternal acceptance and child outcomes. Maternal experience of IPV affects a mother's ability to parent and interact with her child. Little is known about the combined influence of both maternal substance use and IPV on parenting behaviors and child problem behaviors. The current study examined differences in maternal acceptance and child internalizing and externalizing behaviors among mothers who reported experiencing IPV to mothers who never reported experiencing IPV...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750769/updates-on-adolescent-dating-and-sexual-violence-prevention-and-intervention
#3
Elizabeth Miller, Kelley A Jones, Heather L McCauley
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Dating and sexual violence victimization are not uncommon in early adolescence and increase in prevalence throughout adolescence into young adulthood with profound health and social consequences. Greater attention to what works in prevention is needed to inform current policies and practices. RECENT FINDINGS: Adolescent dating violence (ADV) and sexual violence victimization, including cyber dating abuse, are highly prevalent among adolescents...
May 9, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748899/implementing-a-coach-delivered-dating-violence-prevention-program-with-high-school-athletes
#4
Maria Catrina D Jaime, Heather L McCauley, Daniel J Tancredi, Michele R Decker, Jay G Silverman, Brian O'Connor, Elizabeth Miller
Teen dating violence and sexual violence are severe public health problems. Abusive behaviors within the context of dating or romantic relationships are associated with adverse health outcomes. Promoting positive bystander intervention and increasing knowledge of abusive behaviors are promising strategies for preventing dating and sexual violence. Coaching Boys Into Men (CBIM) is an evidence-based, athletic coach-delivered dating violence prevention program that has been shown to increase positive bystander behaviors and reduce abuse perpetration among high school male athletes...
May 10, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747063/maladaptive-schemas-as-mediators-of-the-relationship-between-previous-victimizations-in-the-family-and-dating-violence-victimization-in-adolescents
#5
Esther Calvete, Manuel Gámez-Guadix, Liria Fernández-Gonzalez, Izaskun Orue, Erika Borrajo
This study examined whether exposure to family violence, both in the form of direct victimization and witnessing violence, predicted dating violence victimization in adolescents through maladaptive schemas. A sample of 933 adolescents (445 boys and 488 girls), aged between 13 and 18 (M = 15.10), participated in a three-year longitudinal study. They completed measures of exposure to family violence, maladaptive schemas of disconnection/rejection, and dating violence victimization. The findings indicate that witnessing family violence predicts the increase of dating violence victimization over time, through the mediation of maladaptive schemas in girls, but not in boys...
May 7, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726311/the-romantic-relationship-experiences-of-young-adult-women-exposed-to-domestic-violence
#6
Megan L Haselschwerdt, Camille E Carlson, Kathleen Hlavaty
Guided by a review of the literature on intergenerational transmission of violence, or "the cycle of violence", and Johnson's typology of domestic violence, the current study qualitatively examined the romantic relationship experiences of 23 young adult women who were exposed to father-mother-perpetrated domestic violence (DV) during childhood and adolescence. Findings are partially consistent with the hypothesis that DV exposure is associated with an increased risk of later experiencing dating violence, such that half of the sample reported having abusive partners or relationships during high school...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719837/epidemiological-characteristics-of-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-tsci-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa-mena-region-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Mohamed H Elshahidi, Nada Y Monir, Mohamed A Elzhery, Ahmed A Sharaqi, Hames Haedaya, Basem I Awad, Khaled Zaghloul
Objective: To systematically search the literature and to summarize current evidence pertaining to the epidemiology of SCI in the MENA region incidence, gender, age, type of the injury and etiology of the injury. Methods: Embase, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and EBSCOhost were systematically searched from their dates of inception till July 2017 for English and non-English language articles. Also, regional databases were searched. Data were extracted from eligible articles and pooled under the random effect model using R ...
April 2018: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719045/wearing-the-marks-of-violence-unusual-trauma-patterning-at-coyo-oriental-northern-chile
#8
Christina Torres-Rouff, Mark Hubbe, William J Pestle
OBJECTIVES: In this article, we present analyses of traumatic injury data from the Middle Period Coyo Oriental cemetery in northern Chile. We test a series of hypotheses about the role of sex, foreign contact, ritual access, and temporal shifts, in the patterning of cranial trauma in this cemetery. METHODS: Two hundred and twenty-seven crania from Coyo Oriental were analyzed using standard bioarcheological methods to determine sex and age as well as the presence of cranial fractures...
May 2, 2018: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716553/protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-evaluating-the-impact-of-a-preschool-based-capacity-building-intervention-on-intimate-partner-violence-and-substance-misuse-in-sri-lanka
#9
Kamalini Lokuge, Polly Wallace, Kalini Subasinghe, Katherine Thurber, Tissa De Silva, Naomi Clarke, Dulshika Waas, Nisansala Liyanage, Udena Attygalle, Bradley Carron-Arthur, Kalyana Rodrigo, Emily Banks, Cate D'Este, Thilini Rajapakse
BACKGROUND: Past research has identified links between intimate partner violence (IPV) and alcohol misuse and poverty in Sri Lanka. Services that address substance misuse are amongst the few interventions shown to reduce IPV in settings similar to Sri Lanka. This paper describes the protocol for a study examining the impact of a preschool-based capacity building intervention on the prevalence of IPV and substance misuse in parents with children attending preschools, including uptake of available government services...
May 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704778/lessons-learned-evaluating-the-program-fidelity-of-unwomen-partnership-for-peace-domestic-violence-diversion-program-in-the-eastern-caribbean
#10
Rohan D Jeremiah, Camille R Quinn, Jicinta M Alexis
To date, there have been a plethora of punitive and diversion programs to address domestic violence around the world. However, the evaluative scholarship of such programs overwhelmingly reflects studies in developed countries while barely showcasing the realities of addressing domestic violence in developing countries. This paper features a multi-year (2008-2011) evaluation study that measured the fidelity of the United Nations Partnership for Peace (PfP) domestic violence diversion program in the Eastern Caribbean country of Grenada...
April 3, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685056/individual-and-parental-risk-factors-for-sexual-exploitation-among-high-risk-youth-in-uganda
#11
Shannon Self-Brown, Rachel Culbreth, Rebecca Wilson, Lisa Armistead, Rogers Kasirye, Monica H Swahn
This study examined risk factors to determine associations with commercial sexual exploitation of children and youth (CSEC) in a convenience sample of adolescents living in the slums in Kampala, Uganda. Individual-level factors included demographic, adverse experiences (ever living on the streets; victim of dating violence, parental abuse, or rape), and behavioral risk (social media, alcohol use, age at first intercourse). Parental-risk factors included parent alcohol use and approval attitudes toward youth sex...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683049/adolescents-help-seeking-behavior-and-intentions-following-adolescent-dating-violence-a-systematic-review
#12
Kerrie Bundock, Carmen Chan, Olivia Hewitt
The review aimed to systematically identify and summarize empirical work examining adolescent victims' help-seeking behaviors and intentions in relation to their own experience of adolescent dating violence (ADV) and to critically evaluate the literature. Three main objectives were addressed: identify factors associated with help seeking, identify help-seeking source (who adolescents disclose to), and explore the barriers and facilitators for help seeking. Results were separated into actual help seeking and help-seeking intentions...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673306/depressive-symptoms-moderate-dating-violence-prevention-outcomes-among-adolescent-girls
#13
Charlene Collibee, Christie J Rizzo, Kathleen Kemp, Erik Hood, Hannah Doucette, Daniel I Gittins Stone, Brett DeJesus
PURPOSE: Few dating violence prevention programs assess how variations in initial violence risk affects responsiveness. This study examines the efficacy of Date SMART, a dating violence and sexual risk prevention program designed to target high-risk adolescent girls, in preventing dating violence in the context of varying initial levels of depressive symptoms. METHOD: A diverse sample of N = 109 female adolescents with a history of physical dating violence participated in a randomized controlled trial of the Date SMART program and a knowledge only (KO) comparison...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669467/exploration-of-dating-violence-and-related-attitudes-among-adolescents-and-emerging-adults
#14
Audrey Courtain, Fabienne Glowacz
Young people's romantic relationships can be marked with various forms of dating violence (DV). However, adolescents and emerging adults do not necessarily acknowledge this violence because of their attitudes toward dating violence. Our study aims to study dating violence and attitudes toward this phenomenon through two well-established questionnaires administered jointly in their entirety. Indeed, too many studies report results on some dimensions and items, neglecting the richness of available tools. The Conflict in Adolescent Dating Relationship Inventory and the Attitudes Toward Dating Violence Scale were self-administered to 1,014 participants ( M age = 18...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629508/contextual-risk-profiles-and-trajectories-of-adolescent-dating-violence-perpetration
#15
H Luz McNaughton Reyes, Vangie A Foshee, Nathan Markiewitz, May S Chen, Susan T Ennett
Social ecological and developmental system perspectives suggest that interactions among factors within and across multiple contexts (e.g., neighborhood, peer, family) must be considered in explaining dating violence perpetration. Yet, to date, most extant research on dating violence has focused on individual, rather than contextual predictors, and used variable-centered approaches that fail to capture the configurations of factors that may jointly explain involvement in dating violence. The current study used a person-centered approach, latent profile analysis, to identify key configurations (or profiles) of contextual risk and protective factors for dating violence perpetration across the neighborhood, school, friend and family contexts...
April 9, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606057/longitudinal-patterns-of-electronic-teen-dating-violence-among-middle-school-students
#16
Stacey Cutbush, Jason Williams, Shari Miller, Deborah Gibbs, Monique Clinton-Sherrod
We investigated rates and developmental trends of electronic teen dating violence (TDV) perpetration and victimization overall and by gender. Data were collected from a single cohort of seventh-grade students from four schools using paper-and-pencil surveys administered at 6-month intervals ( N = 795). Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics and longitudinal growth models to estimate change over time in TDV. Overall, 32% of youth reported electronic TDV perpetration, and 51% reported electronic TDV victimization...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29598751/threat-bias-and-emotion-recognition-in-victims-of-ipv
#17
Kate Clauss, Caroline Clements
Although there is growing evidence of the association between threat bias and psychopathology in many trauma-exposed populations, there are few studies with intimate partner violence (IPV) victims. The present study assessed threat bias in IPV victims. It also examined potential differences in facial recognition ability between victims and nonvictims. Participants were 153 female college students currently in a dating relationship. Participants completed demographic and abuse severity measures. They then completed a dot-probe task to assess threat bias, and a facial expression recognition task to assess speed and accuracy of recognition...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596442/association-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-health-risk-behaviors-among-young-adults-visiting-a-regional-primary-healthcare-center-federation-of-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#18
Sanjin Musa, Corrine Peek-Asa, Nina Jovanović, Edin Selimović
BACKGROUND: Many studies have linked adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) to long-term health outcomes, as well as health risk behaviors. In the post-war period in Bosnia and Herzegovina, many young people grew up in an environment of deteriorated living standards due to high unemployment and economic insecurity. The objectives of the study were to: 1) describe the health risk behaviors of young adults accessing primary healthcare; and 2) examine associations of these risk factors with adverse childhood experiences in this context...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579515/exploration-of-aggression-violence-among-adult-patients-admitted-for-short-term-acute-care-mental-health-services
#19
Ellen Giarelli, Romy Nocera, Michael Jobes, Carol Boylan, Jen Lopez, Julie Knerr
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to explore and describe: (a) the prevalence of incidents of aggression and violence among patients, including frequency, kinds and severity of incidents of among patients; target of the aggression; (b) situational factors including time of location and time of event; and (c) staff interventions. We describe the relationships among variables to answer the following research questions: (1) What factors are associated with incidents of aggression and violence, and (2) are factors modifiable? METHODS: The exploratory descriptive study used data collected by retrospective chart review over a three-year period; the dates of January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2013...
April 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566602/a-comparison-of-intimate-partner-violence-strangulation-between-same-sex-and-different-sex-couples
#20
Jill T Messing, Kristie A Thomas, Allison L Ward-Lasher, Nathan Q Brewer
Strangulation is a common and dangerous form of intimate partner violence (IPV). Nonfatal strangulation is a risk factor for homicide; can lead to severe, long-term physical and mental health sequelae; and can be an effective strategy of coercion and control. To date, research has not examined strangulation within same-sex couples. The objective of this cross-sectional, observational research is to identify whether and to what extent the detection of strangulation and coercive control differs between same-sex and different-sex couples in police reports of IPV...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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