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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905813/family-violence-prevention-and-services-programs-final-rule
#1
(no author information available yet)
This rule will better prevent and protect survivors of family violence, domestic violence, and dating violence, by clarifying that all survivors must have access to services and programs funded under the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act. More specifically, the rule enhances accessibility and non-discrimination provisions, clarifies confidentiality rules, promotes coordination among community-based organizations, State Domestic Violence Coalitions, States, and Tribes, as well as incorporates new discretionary grant programs...
November 2, 2016: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901410/bystander-interventions-for-sexual-assault-and-dating-violence-on-college-campuses-are-we-putting-bystanders-in-harm-s-way
#2
Tricia H Witte, Deborah M Casper, Christine L Hackman, Mazheruddin M Mulla
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the well-being of bystanders who witness and intervene in sexual assault and dating violence situations on campus. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 321 young men and women from a large university in the southeastern United States. METHODS: Participants completed a survey at the end of the Spring semester of 2015 about risky situations they had witnessed with follow up questions about their responses to the situations (e...
November 30, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900824/mandibular-angle-fractures-a-comparative-study-between-one-and-two-plate-fixation
#3
Marcelo Silva Monnazzi, Marisa Ap Cabrini Gabrielli, Mário Francisco Real Gabrielli, Alexandre Elias Trivellato
BACKGROUND/AIM: The mandibular angle fracture is a challenging fracture to manage. Over time, the literature has shown many types of treatment modalities and different kinds of internal fixation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes and complications of mandibular angle fractures managed by Champy's technique and two-plate fixation, over a period of 20 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The files of 149 patients with 155 angle fractures fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were chosen for this study...
November 7, 2016: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881163/assessing-the-feasibility-of-a-web-based-domestic-violence-intervention-using-chronic-disease-frameworks-reducing-the-burden-of-treatment-and-promoting-capacity-for-action-in-women-abused-by-a-partner
#4
Laura Tarzia, Carl May, Kelsey Hegarty
BACKGROUND: Domestic violence shares many features with chronic disease, including ongoing physical and mental health problems and eroded self-efficacy. Given the challenges around help-seeking for women experiencing domestic violence, it is essential that they be given support to 'self-manage' their condition. The growing popularity of web-based applications for chronic disease self-management suggests that there may be opportunities to use them as an intervention strategy for women experiencing domestic violence, however, as yet, little is known about whether this might work in practice...
November 24, 2016: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866389/do-substance-use-psychosocial-adjustment-and-sexual-experiences-vary-for-dating-violence-victims-based-on-type-of-violent-relationships
#5
Janine M Zweig, Jennifer Yahner, Meredith Dank, Pamela Lachman
BACKGROUND: We examined whether substance use, psychosocial adjustment, and sexual experiences vary for teen dating violence victims by the type of violence in their relationships. We compared dating youth who reported no victimization in their relationships to those who reported being victims of intimate terrorism (dating violence involving one physically violent and controlling perpetrator) and those who reported experiencing situational couple violence (physical dating violence absent the dynamics of power and control)...
December 2016: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854441/sexual-minority-college-students-perceptions-on-dating-violence-and-sexual-assault
#6
Elizabeth W Ollen, Victoria E Ameral, Kathleen Palm Reed, Denise A Hines
While the majority of research on dating violence (DV) and sexual assault (SA) in college students has focused on heterosexual students, victimization rates among sexual minority students are the same or higher than that of their heterosexual counterparts. The current study sought to explore sexual minority college students' perceptions of the prevalence of DV and SA, risk and protective factors, and barriers to seeking help, using focus groups. A total of 14 sexual minority students ranging in age from 18 to 24 participated across 2 focus groups...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849449/suicide-in-relation-to-the-experience-of-stressful-life-events-a-population-based-study
#7
Rita Fjeldsted, Thomas William Teasdale, Martin Jensen, Annette Erlangsen
OBJECTIVES: Stressful life events have been associated with high risk of suicidal behavior. The aim of this study was to examine whether persons who died by suicide in Denmark had more frequently been exposed to stressful life events, specifically divorce, death of a close relative, exposure to violence, and imprisonment, when compared to gender and age-matched controls. METHODS: Data from Danish national registers were obtained for the period of 2000-2010 and a nested case-control design was applied...
November 16, 2016: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842623/ambivalent-sexism-inventory-adaptation-to-basque-population-and-sexism-as-a-risk-factor-of-dating-violence
#8
Izaskun Ibabe, Ainara Arnoso, Edurne Elgorriaga
There is currently a consensus that sexism is one of the most important causes of intimate partner violence, but this has yet to be empirically demonstrated conclusively. The key objective of the study was to adapt Ambivalent Sexism Inventory (ASI) and to validate it to the Basque language. It also aims to analyze the prevalence of violence in dating relationships and verify if ambivalent sexism in young men and women is a valid predictor of perpetration and/or victimization in their dating relationships. Ambivalent Sexism Inventory and Dating Relationship Questionnaire were administered to 1378 undergraduate students (66% women and 45% Basque), aged between 17 and 30...
November 15, 2016: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836153/neuroimaging-and-violence
#9
REVIEW
Delaney Smith, Riley Smith, Douglas Misquitta
Violence is a serious public health issue across the world. This article assists clinicians in understanding the most up-to-date literature regarding structural and functional brain theories related to risk of violence. In this article, we review anatomic regions of the brain that have been implicated in violence and associated personality constructs associated with violence. We discuss different imaging techniques that have been used to uncover abnormal brain volume, associations, and functions throughout the brain in samples with violence history or risk...
December 2016: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826133/safe-sex-messages-within-dating-and-entertainment-smartphone-apps-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Evelyn Tzu-Yen Huang, Henrietta Williams, Jane S Hocking, Megan Sc Lim
BACKGROUND: Smartphone apps provide a new platform for entertainment, information distribution, and health promotion activities, as well as for dating and casual sexual encounters. Previous research has shown high acceptability of sexual health interventions via smartphone apps; however, sexual health promotion apps were infrequently downloaded and underused. Integrating sexual health promotion into established apps might be a more effective method. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to critically review popular sex-related apps and dating apps, in order to ascertain whether they contain any sexual health content...
November 8, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818840/do-alcohol-and-marijuana-increase-the-risk-for-female-dating-violence-victimization-a-prospective-daily-diary-investigation
#11
Ryan C Shorey, Todd M Moore, James K McNulty, Gregory L Stuart
OBJECTIVE: Dating violence is a serious and prevalent problem, with females being victimized by partners at high rates with numerous negative health consequences. Previous research has been equivocal on whether substance use on the part of the victim temporally precedes and, thus, increases the odds of victimization. While the sole responsibility for violence is always with the perpetrator, knowing this information could provide useful information for theory as well as interventions designed to keep women safe...
October 2016: Psychology of Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810655/if-it-works-there-will-it-work-here-the-effect-of-a-multi-component-responsible-beverage-service-rbs-programme-on-violence-in-oslo
#12
Torbjørn Skardhamar, Silje Bringsrud Fekjær, Willy Pedersen
BACKGROUND: The Stockholm Prevents Alcohol and Drug Problems (STAD) programme has been regarded as one of the most successful programmes to date, in reducing alcohol-related violence. This multi-component Responsible Beverage Service (RBS) programme was implemented in Stockholm, Sweden, and has been documented to be extremely effective in reducing alcohol-related nightlife violence. The SALUTT programme in Oslo, Norway was carefully modelled on the STAD project. AIM: We investigate whether the results from STAD were replicated in the SALUTT intervention...
October 21, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807208/the-golden-thread-coercive-control-and-risk-assessment-for-domestic-violence
#13
Andy Myhill, Katrin Hohl
Research on risk assessment for domestic violence has to date focused primarily on the predictive power of individual risk factors and the statistical validity of risk assessment tools in predicting future physical assault in sub-sets of cases dealt with by the police. This study uses data from risk assessment forms from a random sample of cases of domestic violence reported to the police. An innovative latent trait model is used to test whether a cluster of risk factors associated with coercive control is most representative of the type of abuse that comes to the attention of the police...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802844/childhood-violence-and-adult-chronic-pain-among-indigenous-sami-and-non-sami-populations-in-norway-a-saminor-2-questionnaire-study
#14
Astrid M A Eriksen, Berit Schei, Ketil Lenert Hansen, Tore Sørlie, Nils Fleten, Cecilie Javo
BACKGROUND: Internationally, studies have shown that childhood violence is associated with chronic pain in adulthood. However, to date, this relationship has not been examined in any indigenous population. OBJECTIVE: The main objectives of this study were to investigate the association between childhood violence and reported chronic pain, number of pain sites and the intensity of pain in adulthood in indigenous Sami and non-Sami adults, and to explore ethnic differences...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791091/civil-conflict-sensitivity-to-growing-season-drought
#15
Nina von Uexkull, Mihai Croicu, Hanne Fjelde, Halvard Buhaug
To date, the research community has failed to reach a consensus on the nature and significance of the relationship between climate variability and armed conflict. We argue that progress has been hampered by insufficient attention paid to the context in which droughts and other climatic extremes may increase the risk of violent mobilization. Addressing this shortcoming, this study presents an actor-oriented analysis of the drought-conflict relationship, focusing specifically on politically relevant ethnic groups and their sensitivity to growing-season drought under various political and socioeconomic contexts...
October 17, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790997/resource-scarcity-drives-lethal-aggression-among-prehistoric-hunter-gatherers-in-central-california
#16
Mark W Allen, Robert Lawrence Bettinger, Brian F Codding, Terry L Jones, Al W Schwitalla
The origin of human violence and warfare is controversial, and some scholars contend that intergroup conflict was rare until the emergence of sedentary foraging and complex sociopolitical organization, whereas others assert that violence was common and of considerable antiquity among small-scale societies. Here we consider two alternative explanations for the evolution of human violence: (i) individuals resort to violence when benefits outweigh potential costs, which is likely in resource poor environments, or (ii) participation in violence increases when there is coercion from leaders in complex societies leading to group level benefits...
October 25, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770693/pathways-through-opiate-use-and-offending-a-systematic-review
#17
Karen P Hayhurst, Matthias Pierce, Matthew Hickman, Toby Seddon, Graham Dunn, John Keane, Tim Millar
BACKGROUND: Although evidence points to a strong link between illicit drug use and crime, robust evidence for temporal order in the relationship is scant. We carried out a systematic review to assess the evidence for pathways through opiate/crack cocaine use and offending to determine temporal order. METHODS: A systematic review sourced five databases, three online sources, bibliographies and citation mapping. Inclusion criteria were: focus on opiate/crack use, and offending; pre-drug use information; longitudinal design; corroborative official crime records...
October 19, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770019/implementers-perspectives-on-fidelity-of-implementation-teach-every-single-part-or-be-right-with-the-curriculum
#18
Stacey Cutbush, Deborah Gibbs, Kathleen Krieger, Monique Clinton-Sherrod, Shari Miller
Fidelity of implementation is an essential factor in realizing outcomes of evidence-based interventions. Yet perspectives vary on the degree to which fidelity is necessary or desirable, implementers may receive limited guidance on fidelity, and research on implementers' understanding and operationalization of fidelity is lacking. We conducted key informant interviews with 20 individuals who implemented an evidence-based teen dating violence prevention curriculum in seven sites. Interviews addressed how implementers defined fidelity and the adaptations they made in implementing the curriculum...
October 20, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760876/comparison-of-the-cadri-and-cts2-for-measuring-psychological-and-physical-dating-violence-perpetration-and-victimization
#19
Michele Cascardi, Sean Blank, Vikash Dodani
Advancing dating violence (DV) research requires consistent conceptualization and measurement. However, empirical sudies on the measurement of psychological and physical DV perpetration and victimization are uncommon. There were three aims of the current study: (a) to examine the construct validity of psychological and physical DV perpetration and victimization on the Conflict in Adolescent Dating Relationships Inventory (CADRI) and Revised Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS2) using factor analysis; (b) to compare empirically derived DV scales with ones using face valid definitions of psychological and physical DV within each measure; and (c) to compare results obtained from the CADRI with those obtained from the CTS2...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747746/firearms-and-the-incidence-of-arrest-among-respondents-to-domestic-violence-restraining-orders
#20
Garen J Wintemute, Shannon Frattaroli, Mona A Wright, Barbara E Claire, Katherine A Vittes, Daniel W Webster
BACKGROUND: Persons subject to domestic violence restraining orders (DVROs), known as respondents, are generally prohibited from possessing firearms. Efforts to enforce that prohibition have not been evaluated. The study objective was to determine whether associations exist between risk of incident arrest among DVRO respondents and 1) respondents' access to firearms, and 2) law enforcement recovery of firearms from respondents with access to them. METHODS: This was an observational study of 2,972 DVRO respondents in San Mateo County, California, 525 of whom were linked to firearms by standardized screening procedures...
December 2015: Injury Epidemiology
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