keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

relationship abuse

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684826/ongoing-child-welfare-services-understanding-the-relationship-of-worker-and-organizational-characteristics-to-service-provision
#1
Kristen Lwin, John Fluke, Nico Trocmé, Barbara Fallon, Faye Mishna
Ongoing child welfare services are put in place after completion of the initial maltreatment investigation when there is a perceived need to mitigate the risk of future harm. The knowledge of how clinical, worker, and organizational characteristics interact with this decision to provide ongoing child welfare services is not well integrated in the research literature. Using secondary data from the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect-2008, this study's primary objective is to understand the relationship of clinical, worker, and organizational characteristics to the decision to transfer a case to ongoing child welfare services and their relative contribution to the transfer decision in Canada...
April 20, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684315/sleep-disorders-in-patients-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#2
REVIEW
Ali A El-Solh, Usman Riaz, Jasmine Roberts
A growing body of evidence supports a bidirectional relationship between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and sleep disturbances. Fragmented sleep induced by sleep-related breathing disorders, insomnia, and nightmares impacts recovery and treatment outcomes and worsens PTSD symptoms. Despite recent attention, management of these disorders has been unrewarding in the setting of PTSD. This review summarizes the evidence for empirically supported treatments of these sleep ailments as it relates to PTSD including psychotherapeutic and pharmacologic interventions...
April 20, 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683080/childhood-gender-nonconformity-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-adolescence-and-young-adulthood
#3
Avanti Adhia, Allegra R Gordon, Andrea L Roberts, Garrett M Fitzmaurice, David Hemenway, S Bryn Austin
Childhood gender nonconformity has been associated with numerous adverse experiences, including peer bullying and homophobic violence. However, little is known about gender nonconformity in the context of intimate relationships, independent of sexual orientation. This study aimed to examine associations between childhood gender nonconformity and intimate partner violence (IPV) in adolescence and early adulthood. Using data from the 2007 wave of the U.S. Growing Up Today Study ( N = 7,641, mean age = 22.8 years), we estimated risk ratios (RRs) for the association of gender nonconformity up to age 11 years and lifetime IPV victimization and perpetration...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683079/the-link-between-domestic-violence-and-abuse-and-animal-cruelty-in-the-intimate-relationships-of-people-of-diverse-genders-and-or-sexualities-a-binational-study
#4
Damien W Riggs, Nik Taylor, Heather Fraser, Catherine Donovan, Tania Signal
Over the past three decades, a growing body of research has focused on experiences of domestic violence and abuse (DVA) among people of diverse genders and/or sexualities. Missing, however, has been a focus on what is known as "the link" between DVA and animal cruelty with regard to people of diverse genders and/or sexualities. The present article reports on a study of 503 people living in either Australia or the United Kingdom, who reported on both their intimate human relationships and their relationships with animals, including relationships that were abusive...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681994/bayesian-correction-for-misclassification-in-multilevel-count-data-models
#5
Tyler Nelson, Joon Jin Song, Yoo-Mi Chin, James D Stamey
Covariate misclassification is well known to yield biased estimates in single level regression models. The impact on hierarchical count models has been less studied. A fully Bayesian approach to modeling both the misclassified covariate and the hierarchical response is proposed. Models with a single diagnostic test and with multiple diagnostic tests are considered. Simulation studies show the ability of the proposed model to appropriately account for the misclassification by reducing bias and improving performance of interval estimators...
2018: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681251/behavior-problems-in-sexually-abused-preschoolers-over-a-1-year-period-the-mediating-role-of-attachment-representations
#6
Florence Charest, Martine Hébert, Annie Bernier, Rachel Langevin, Raphaële Miljkovitch
According to the developmental psychopathology framework, adverse childhood experiences, including child sexual abuse (CSA), may alter the course of normal development in children. Attachment security has been identified as a protective factor against psychopathology and may thus play a critical role in predicting victims' adaptation. The main objective of the present study was to investigate the mediating effect of attachment representations in the relation between CSA and behavior problems over a 1-year period...
April 23, 2018: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681143/alcohol-consumption-and-sexual-risk-behaviour-among-jamaican-adolescents
#7
Chinwendu F Agu, Daniel C Oshi, Wendel D Abel, Tania Rae, Sarah N Oshi, Tana Ricketts-Roomes, Ijeoma A Meka, Joy Harrison, Uche Dimkpa, Steve Weaver
Alcohol consumption has significant health, social and economic implications. Alcohol is the most prevalent psychoactive substance used by Jamaican adolescents. The aim of this study was to determine whether alcohol is associated with sexual risk behaviour among Jamaican adolescents. Methods: The data from National Secondary School Survey (NSS) conducted in 2013 was analysed. Descriptive statistics consisting of frequencies, percentages and Pearson’s Chi square was done. Multivariate analysis was done using binary logistic regression...
April 23, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680636/modifiable-risk-factors-for-prescription-medicine-sharing-behaviours
#8
Kebede Beyene, Trudi Aspden, Rob McNeill, Janie Sheridan
BACKGROUND: Prescription medicine sharing has been defined as giving one's own medicine to someone else (lending) or taking someone else's medicine (borrowing). Medicines can be shared for non-medical purposes (recreational sharing or drug abuse) or for their intended therapeutic benefits (non-recreational sharing, e.g. sharing antibiotics to self-treat); the latter is the focus of this research. Limited research evidence is available about modifiable risk factors for non-recreational medicine sharing and addressing this issue was the main aim of this research...
April 6, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679873/disentangling-the-mental-health-impact-of-childhood-abuse-and-neglect-a-replication-and-extension-study-in-a-brazilian-sample-of-high-risk-youth
#9
Irismar Reis de Oliveira, Ana Cristina Matos-Ragazzo, Yuning Zhang, Nina Maia Vasconcelos, Michella Lopes Velasquez, Daniela Reis, Monica Gonçalves Ribeiro, Marina Monzani da Rocha, Maria Conceição Rosario, Paul Stallard, Charlotte A M Cecil
Childhood maltreatment is a key predictor of mental health problems across the life span. Yet, how maltreatment types independently and jointly influence the risk for psychiatric problems remains unclear. The aim of the study was two-fold: first, to replicate recent findings regarding the impact of maltreatment types on youth psychiatric symptoms, based on a Brazilian sample of high-risk adolescents (n = 347; age range = 11-17 yrs), and second, to extend existing findings by examining whether this relationship is mediated by bullying victimization and/or perpetration...
April 18, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678130/cumulative-risk-effect-of-household-dysfunction-for-child-maltreatment-after-intensive-intervention-of-the-child-protection-system-in-japan-a-longitudinal-analysis
#10
Hirotsuna Ohashi, Ichiro Wada, Yui Yamaoka, Ryoko Nakajima-Yamaguchi, Yasukazu Ogai, Nobuaki Morita
BACKGROUND: Building an effective casework system for child maltreatment is a global issue. We estimated the effect of household dysfunction (i.e., interparental violence, caregiver mental health problems, and caregiver substance abuse) on child maltreatment to understand how to advance the current framework of child welfare. METHODS: The sample comprised 759 children (1- to 17-year-old; mean age was 10.6; 404 boys and 355 girls) placed in temporary custody units (one of the strongest intervention of the Japanese child protection system)...
April 20, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677412/gunderkids-design-of-a-clinical-care-management-program-for-parents-with-substance-abuse-and-their-newborn-children-with-a-focus-on-preventing-child-abuse
#11
Ann E Budzak-Garza, Allison L Allmon Dixson, Renee A Holzer, Kaitlin E Lillard-Pierce, Carolynn J Devine
BACKGROUND: In response to an increased need to care for babies born to mothers with substance abuse issues, we developed GunderKids, a care management program that provides integrated medical care beyond standard-of-care, well-child appointments for these socially complex families. METHODS: The program incorporates frequent visits to the pediatrician and the care team, which includes pediatric nurses, a pediatric social worker, and a child psychologist. Enrollment is voluntary...
March 2018: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677410/mapping-drug-overdose-demographic-and-socioeconomic-characteristics-in-the-community
#12
Brenda L Rooney, Mitchell T Voter, Christopher M Eberlein, Andrea J Schossow, Cathy L Fischer
INTRODUCTION: Drug use and drug overdose have increased at an alarming rate. OBJECTIVE: To identify demographic and neighborhood social and economic factors associated with higher risk of overdose. These findings can be used to inform development of community programs and appropriately devote resources to prevent and treat drug abuse. METHODS: The electronic health records of all patients seen in the emergency department or admitted to the hospital for a drug overdose in 2016 at Gundersen Health System in La Crosse, Wisconsin, were reviewed retrospectively...
March 2018: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676676/abusive-supervision-leader-member-exchange-and-moral-disengagement-a-moderated-mediation-model-of-organizational-deviance
#13
Matthew Valle, K Michele Kacmar, Suzanne Zivnuska, Troy Harting
This paper draws from social exchange theory and social cognitive theory to explore moral disengagement as a potential mediator of the relationship between abusive supervision and organizational deviance. We also explore the moderating effect of leader-member exchange (LMX) on this mediated relationship. Results indicate that employees with abusive supervisors engaged in moral disengagement strategies and subsequently in organizational deviance behaviors. Additionally, this relationship was stronger for those higher in LMX...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673304/asian-american-women-s-victimization-history-and-in-the-moment-responses-to-partner-violence
#14
Hong V Nguyen, Rebecca L Schacht, Joyce P Yang, William H George, David W Pantalone
Between 20% and 50% of Asian American women report experiencing partner violence (PV). Furthermore, nearly half of PV victims experience their first assault between the age of 18 and 24 years, suggesting that Asian American college women may be particularly at risk of PV. Experiencing childhood abuse (CA) may impair women's capacity to perceive risk during a potential PV situation, increasing their risk for revictimization. The purpose of the current study was to examine differences among Asian American college women's ( N = 324) in-the-moment behavioral intention, risk perception, and likelihood to stay in an abusive relationship during a progressively threatening PV scenario, based on victimization history and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671681/sexual-dysfunctions-are-predicted-by-childhood-sexual-abuse-in-women-with-opioid-use-disorder
#15
Ruken Ağaçhanlı, İzgi Alnıak, Cuneyt Evren
BACKGROUND: Studies on sexual functioning of populations with substance use disorders (SUDs) are mostly conducted with male substance users. We have very limited information about the sexuality and related factors in women with opioid use disorder (OUD). OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the relationship between childhood traumatic experiences (CTEs) and sexual dysfunctions (SDs) of women with OUD and to compare it with a sample of women who do not have SUD. METHODS: Participants included 51 outpatient women with OUD who were on opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) with Buprenorphine/Naloxone and 48 women without SUD...
April 19, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667835/oxygen-release-induced-chemomechanical-breakdown-of-layered-cathode-materials
#16
Linqin Mu, Ruoqian Lin, Rong Xu, Lili Han, Sihao Xia, Dimosthenis Sokaras, James Steiner, Tsu-Chien Weng, Dennis Nordlund, Marca M Doeff, Yijin Liu, Kejie Zhao, Huolin L Xin, Feng Lin
Chemical and mechanical properties interplay on the nanometric scale and collectively govern the functionalities of battery materials. Understanding the relationship between the two can inform the design of battery materials with optimal chemomechanical properties for long-life lithium batteries. Herein, we report a mechanism of nanoscale mechanical breakdown in layered oxide cathode materials, originating from oxygen release at high states of charge under thermal abuse conditions. We observe that the mechanical breakdown of charged Li1-xNi0...
April 18, 2018: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667036/understanding-men-s-self-reported-sexual-interest-in-children
#17
Sandy K Wurtele, Dominique A Simons, Leah J Parker
A few studies have found that even in the general population, a minority of adults-men as well as women-report some sexual interest in a young age group. The purpose of the present study was to identify factors associated with self-reported sexual interest in children among a community-based sample of men. Using an online survey methodology, we examined the extent to which different types of childhood adversities (witnessing parental violence, sexual, physical, and emotional abuse), atypical childhood sexual experiences, and participants' self-reported likelihood of engaging in a variety of sexual behaviors (heightened sexual interest) were related to sexual interest in children (SIC) reported by a non-forensic/non-clinical sample of 173 men...
April 17, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665715/mental-health-correlates-of-financial-mistreatment-in-the-national-elder-mistreatment-study-wave-ii
#18
Ron Acierno, Jordan Watkins, Melba A Hernandez-Tejada, Wendy Muzzy, Gabrielle Frook, Mara Steedley, Georgia Anetzberger
OBJECTIVE: Whereas prevalence of elder financial mistreatment has received increased attention over the past decade, health and mental health correlates are rarely studied. Thus, the potential relevance of financial abuse to mental health and perceived health is relatively unknown, and the objective of this article is to illustrate this relationship. METHOD: The second wave of the National Elder Mistreatment Study used random digit dialing telephone survey methodology to assess both recent financial mistreatment and its potential mental health correlates (i...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661496/abuse-cancer-and-sexual-dysfunction-in-women-a-potentially-vicious-cycle
#19
REVIEW
Brittany F Lees, Taylor P Stewart, Joanne K Rash, Shirley R Baron, Stacy Tessler Lindau, David M Kushner
More than 30% of women have a history of abuse. Women with cancer may be at substantially increased risk for abuse, but this issue is rarely discussed in the course of oncology care. Women with a history of abuse who present for cancer care commonly have a high prevalence of co-morbid illness. Sexual dysfunction, a highly prevalent but under-recognized condition among women of all ages, is also more common among both women with a history of abuse and women with cancer. Although common after cancer, sexual dysfunction, like abuse, can be stigmatizing and often goes undiagnosed and untreated...
April 13, 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656217/religiosity-and-interpersonal-problems-explain-individual-differences-in-self-esteem-among-young-adults-with-child-maltreatment-experiences
#20
Jonathan C Waldron, Angela Scarpa, Jungmeen Kim-Spoon
Child maltreatment can have a lasting impact, which is why it is important to understand factors that may exacerbate or mitigate self-esteem difficulties in adulthood. Although there is tremendous benefit that can come from religion and spirituality, few studies examine religious views after child maltreatment. Subsequent interpersonal difficulties may also affect self-esteem in maltreatment survivors. This study sought to examine interpersonal problems and religiosity as mediators in the link between childhood maltreatment and self-esteem in adulthood...
April 12, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
keyword
keyword
49836
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"