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relationship abuse

Alexandra Dangel, Anja Berger, Regina Konrad, Heribert Bischoff, Andreas Sing
From 2016 through the middle of 2017, the German Consiliary Laboratory on Diphtheria noted an increase in nontoxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae isolates submitted from cities in northern Germany. Many patients for whom epidemiologic data were available were homeless, alcohol or drug abusers, or both. After performing routine diagnostics and multilocus sequence typing (MLST), we analyzed isolates of sequence type (ST) 8 and previously submitted isolates by whole-genome sequencing. Results were analyzed for phylogenetic relationship by core genome MLST (cg-MLST) and whole-genome single-nucleotide polymorphism profiles...
July 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Rojan Afrouz, Beth R Crisp, Ann Taket
OBJECTIVE: Women from different backgrounds and cultures are at risk of domestic violence. Disclosing the abusive experience and seeking help is not straightforward and easy and might be a complicated and long-term process. Muslim women, like other groups of women, may face various barriers to disclose abusive relationships and for seeking help. Some of the barriers may be common for the majority of Muslim women in different contexts, while others might be related to women's situations and the wider society they live...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
Flaviano da Silva Santos, Maria Vieira de Lima Saintrain, Luiza Jane Eyre de Souza Vieira, Edgar Gomes Marques Sampaio
We aimed to assess the prevalence and characterize the profile of elder abuse in Brazil in this quantitative descriptive and exploratory study using a document analysis of cases of elder abuse against people aged 60 and over reported to Brazil's Notifiable Disease Information System ( Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação-SINAN) from 2009 to 2013. Association between age groups (older adults and non-older adults) and (a) characteristics of the victims (gender, age, and race), (b) characteristics of the violence (type of violence, place of occurrence, and repeated violence) and, (c) characteristics of the perpetrator (gender, suspected alcohol consumption, and victim-perpetrator relationship) were assessed using the chi-square test and odds ratios (OR) with a 95% confidence interval...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Cynthia Fraga Rizo, Jennifer O'Brien, Christopher Wretman, Ashley Givens, Kirsten Kainz, Brittney Chesworth
Research indicates women who perpetrate intimate partner violence (IPV) experience both more frequent and more severe IPV victimization. However, the IPV field needs additional research to understand the complex relationship between various forms of IPV victimization (e.g., psychological, physical, sexual) and IPV perpetration by women. In particular, the field needs a better understanding of the unique interplay of various forms of IPV victimization and perpetration among female system-involved survivors (i...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Juan Herrero, Pep Vivas, Andrea Torres, Francisco J Rodríguez
Introduction: Little scholarly attention has been paid to the analysis of the history of intimate partner violence (IPV) against women with different male partners and how it could be related to levels of IPV with the current male partner. From this point of view, been a victim of IPV could increase the vulnerability of women and, therefore, exert a negative influence on the selection of partners over time, thus increasing the odds of potentially mating with abusive male partners. Alternatively, for some women victims of IPV in previous relationships, there may be additional resources that reduce their vulnerability to victimization by new partners...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Kevin A Look, Mercedes Kile, Katie Morgan, Andrew Roberts
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in utilizing community pharmacies to support opioid abuse prevention and addiction treatment efforts. However, it is unknown whether the placement of community pharmacies is conducive to taking on such a role. OBJECTIVE: To examine the distribution of community pharmacies in Wisconsin and its relationship with the location of addiction treatment facilities and opioid-related overdose events in rural and urban areas. METHODS: The total number of opioid-related overdose deaths and crude death rates per 100,000 population were determined for each county in Wisconsin...
June 12, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Rocio Herrero Romero, James Hall, Lucie Cluver, Franziska Meinck, Eleanor Hinde
To date, little is known about the effects of violence on the educational outcomes of adolescents in disadvantaged communities in South Africa. In response, self-report data were collected from a socioeconomically disadvantaged sample of 503 adolescents aged 10 to 18 participating in a child abuse prevention trial in the Eastern Cape. Adolescents were purposively selected in the trial. This study applies Latent Profile Analysis (LPA) to examine relationships between past-month exposure to violence, school delay, and academic motivation...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Kimberly B Werner, Renee M Cunningham-Williams, Whitney Sewell, Arpana Agrawal, Vivia V McCutcheon, Mary Waldron, Andrew C Heath, Kathleen K Bucholz
BACKGROUND: Trauma exposure has been linked to risky sexual behavior (RSB), but few studies have examined the impact of distinct trauma types on RSB in one model or how the association with trauma and RSB may differ across race. PURPOSE: The objective of the current study was to examine the contribution of trauma exposure types to RSB-substance-related RSB and partner-related RSB identified through factor analysis-in young Black and White adult women. METHODS: We investigated the associations of multiple trauma types and RSB factor scores in participants from a general population sample of young adult female twins (n = 2,948)...
June 11, 2018: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
Ana Isabel Vieira, Bárbara C Machado, Célia S Moreira, Paulo P P Machado, Isabel Brandão, António Roma-Torres, Sónia Gonçalves
Evidence suggests several risk factors for both eating disorders (ED) and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), but the relationships between these factors are not well understood. Considering our previous work and a conceptual model, this cross-sectional study aimed to assess the relationships among distal and proximal factors for the presence of NSSI in ED. We assessed 245 ED patients with the Oxford Risk Factor Interview for ED. Structural equation modelling revealed that both distal and proximal factors were related to the presence of NSSI in ED, disclosing a mediating role of the proximal factors...
June 14, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
Cher J McGillivray, Aileen M Pidgeon, Carol Ronken, Catherine A Credland-Ballantyne
Growing evidence shows that non-offending mothers experience significant loss and trauma following their child reporting experiencing sexual abuse. Maternal support offered to sexually abused children following disclosure can be a crucial factor in children's recovery. Although mothers are often seen as playing a central role in facilitating the recovery of their sexually abused child, there has been little focus on their own needs and profiles. This present study aimed to increase our understanding of the diversity of profiles of non-offending mothers of sexually abused children by exploring the differences in psychosocial traits of non-offending mothers (N = 68; age range 28-67 years) reporting higher and lower resilience...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
Maria Clark, Alison Lewis, Sally Bradshaw, Caroline Bradbury-Jones
BACKGROUND: Globally, the potentially harmful effects of using cell phone technology for 'sexting' among young people, is a public health concern. The background literature indicates that sexting might have adverse psychosocial consequences for some young people who share partially nude images ('selfies'). Public health nurses (PHNs) could offer guidance to children and young people on digital safety, yet little is known about their role in this regard. This study explored PHNs' knowledge and confidence in addressing the issue among young people...
June 13, 2018: BMC Public Health
Mimi Ghosh, Jason Daniels, Maria Pyra, Monika Juzumaite, Mariel Jais, Kerry Murphy, Tonya N Taylor, Seble Kassaye, Lorie Benning, Mardge Cohen, Kathleen Weber
Sexual violence is associated with increased risk of HIV acquisition/transmission in women. Forced sex can result in physical trauma to the reproductive tract as well as severe psychological distress. However, immuno-biological mechanisms linking sexual violence and HIV susceptibility are incompletely understood. Using the Women's Interagency HIV Study repository, a total of 77 women were selected to form 4 groups, stratified by HIV serostatus, in the following categories: 1) no sexual abuse history and low depressive symptom score (below clinically significant cut-off, scores <16) (Control); 2) no sexual abuse history but high depressive symptom score, ≥16 (Depression); 3) chronic sexual abuse exposure and low depressive symptom score (Abuse); 4) chronic sexual abuse exposure and high depressive symptom score (Abuse+Depression)...
2018: PloS One
Heather Palis, Kirsten Marchand, Mohammad Karamouzian, Scott MacDonald, Scott Harrison, Daphne Guh, Kurt Lock, Suzanne Brissette, Aslam H Anis, Michael Krausz, David C Marsh, Martin T Schechter, Eugenia Oviedo-Joekes
Introduction: People with chronic opioid use disorder often present to treatment with individual and structural vulnerabilities and remain at risk of reporting adverse health outcomes. This risk is greatly compounded by tobacco smoking, which is highly prevalent among people with chronic opioid use disorder. Despite the known burden of tobacco smoking on health, the relationship between nicotine dependence and health has not been studied among those receiving injectable opioid agonist treatment...
June 2018: Addictive Behaviors Reports
Kader Tekkas Kerman, Patricia Betrus
Violence against women (VAW) in Turkey is concerning, and to develop and implement effective prevention strategies for addressing it, careful consideration must be given to the factors that influence it. In this review, we synthesized the body of literature on VAW in Turkey according to a social ecological framework, which is a theoretical model considering the complex interplay between individual, relationship, community, and societal factors. Consistent with this framework, we obtained research articles and commentaries in Turkish and English from a variety of national and international databases and websites regarding risk factors, cultural practices violating women's rights, and trends and current practices, including prevention efforts...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
Matthew W Carlson, Assaf Oshri
Researchers found that sexual abuse in childhood leads to increased adolescent depressive symptomatology, though this link may vary due to the relationship between the victim and the perpetrator as well as the age of the child when the abuse began. A sample of 444 sexually abused youth provided data for the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being I. Growth mixture modeling was used to identify trajectories of depressive symptoms and test the effects of parental perpetration and age of abuse onset...
January 1, 2018: Child Maltreatment
Frank Ulrich Weiss, Nico Hesselbarth, Andrea Párniczky, Dora Mosztbacher, Felix Lämmerhirt, Claudia Ruffert, Peter Kovacs, Sebastian Beer, Katharina Seltsam, Heidi Griesmann, Richard Böhme, Tom Kaune, Marcus Hollenbach, Hans-Ulrich Schulz, Peter Simon, Julia Mayerle, Markus M Lerch, Giulia Martina Cavestro, Raffaella Alessia Zuppardo, Milena Di Leo, Pier Alberto Testoni, Ewa Malecka-Panas, Anita Gasirowska, Stanislaw Głuszek, Peter Bugert, Andrea Szentesi, Joachim Mössner, Heiko Witt, Patrick Michl, Peter Hégyi, Markus Scholz, Jonas Rosendahl
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is one of the most common gastrointestinal disorders often requiring hospitalization. Frequent aetiologies are gallstones and alcohol abuse. In contrast to chronic pancreatitis (CP) few robust genetic associations have been described. Here we analysed whether common variants in the CLDN2-MORC4 and the PRSS1-PRSS2 locus that increase recurrent AP and CP risk associate with AP. METHODS: We screened 1462 AP patients and 3999 controls with melting curve analysis for SNPs rs10273639 (PRSS1-PRSS2), rs7057398 (RIPPLY), and rs12688220 (MORC4)...
June 1, 2018: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
Chia-Ying Chou, R Scott Mackin, Kevin L Delucchi, Carol A Mathews
Early life adversity, ranging from material deprivation and parental dysfunction to abusive and life-threatening events, has been associated with hoarding symptom severity. Moreover, both victims of early life adversity and individuals with hoarding disorder have been found to have a higher tendency toward detail-oriented visual processing. This study aimed to investigate the role of detail-oriented visual processing in the relationship between early life adversity and hoarding-related dysfunction. Childhood exposure to life adversity, hoarding symptom severity, and emotional attachment to possessions, a hoarding-related dysfunction thought to be most closely related to adversity exposure, were assessed...
May 23, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Tristram A Lett, Sebastian Mohnke, Till Amelung, Eva J Brandl, Kolja Schiltz, Alexander Pohl, Hannah Gerwinn, Christian Kärgel, Claudia Massau, Gilian Tenbergen, Matthias Wittfoth, Jonas Kneer, Klaus M Beier, Martin Walter, Jorge Ponseti, Tillmann H C Krüger, Boris Schiffer, Henrik Walter
Pedophilia is a heterogeneous disorder for which the neurobiological correlates are not well established. In particular, there are no biological markers identifying individuals with high risk to commit child sexual offense (CSO). Pedophiles with CSO (P+CSO; N = 73), pedophiles without CSO (P-CSO; N = 77), and non-pedophilic controls (NPC; N = 133) were assessed using multimodal structural neuroimaging measures including: cortical thickness (CT), surface area (SA), and white matter fractional anisotropy (FA), as well as full scale IQ (FSIQ) performance...
June 4, 2018: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Fausto Mazzi, Flavia Baccari, Francesco Mungai, Manuela Ciambellini, Lisa Brescancin, Fabrizio Starace
BACKGROUND: People with psychotic illness suffer from reduced quality of life and often from an insufficient level of social inclusion. These variables are associated with several negative outcomes, such as higher neuro-cognitive deficits, negative symptoms, internalised stigma, increased cardiovascular risk and, most importantly, excess mortality. To date, only a minority of social interventions in psychosis have been investigated. Since 2011, the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse in Modena introduced the "Social Point" program, which provides social inclusion interventions to promote active social participation for patients suffering from severe mental illness...
June 7, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Md Nuruzzaman Khan, M Mofizul Islam
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a global public health problem that has substantial consequences on the physical, mental, sexual and reproductive health of women. This study examined the association between women's attitudes towards wife-beating and their utilization of reproductive healthcare services. METHOD: Two waves of Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey data were analyzed using multivariate regression. Outcome variables were a set of reproductive healthcare services, namely contraception use, modern contraception use, antenatal visit by skilled health professionals (SHP), delivery in healthcare facilities, delivery by SHP and postnatal check up by SHP...
2018: PloS One
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