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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161925/male-perpetrators-of-intimate-partner-violence-a-comparison-between-incarcerated-and-community-offenders
#1
Olga Cunha, Rui Abrunhosa Gonçalves
The literature considers intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetrators to be a heterogeneous group. In Portugal, IPV perpetrators may be sentenced to either of two types of sentences: deprivation of freedom or alternatives to prison (in the community). In the present study, we performed a comparative analysis between 76 male individuals sentenced to prison and 76 male individuals sentenced to community measures for crimes against their current or former partners, using a set of psychological measures. The results indicate that although incarcerated and nonincarcerated IPV perpetrators demonstrate considerable differences, some similarities may also be observed...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161277/women-s-opinion-on-the-justification-of-physical-spousal-violence-a-quantitative-approach-to-model-the-most-vulnerable-households-in-bangladesh
#2
Raaj Kishore Biswas, Nusma Rahman, Enamul Kabir, Farabi Raihan
Bangladesh is a culturally conservative nation with limited freedom for women. A number of studies have evaluated intimate partner violence (IPV) and spousal physical violence in Bangladesh; however, the views of women have been rarely discussed in a quantitative manner. Three nationwide surveys in Bangladesh (2007, 2011, and 2014) were analyzed in this study to characterize the most vulnerable households, where women themselves accepted spousal physical violence as a general norm. 31.3%, 31.9% and 28.7% women in the surveys found justification for physical violence in household in 2007, 2011 and 2014 respectively...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159016/intimate-partner-violence-discussions-in-the-healthcare-setting-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Alexa L Swailes, Erik B Lehman, Jennifer S McCall-Hosenfeld
In 2013, the United States Preventive Services Task Force recommended routine intimate partner violence (IPV) screening for reproductive-age women. Given the increased attention paid to IPV on a national scale, and broader recognition of its social and physical implications, we sought to characterize the discussions resulting from routine IPV screening-specifically regarding provider response and patient perceptions. In a cross-sectional analysis, we implemented a survey to examine outcomes of IPV screening, including use of guideline-concordant discussion topics and interventions, as well as patient perception of the encounters...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156870/a-fully-liquid-dtap-ipv-hb-prp-t-hexavalent-vaccine-for-primary-and-booster-vaccination-of-healthy-turkish-infants-and-toddlers
#4
Mehmet Ceyhan, İnci Yıldırım, Hasan Tezer, İlker Devrim, Emmanuel Feroldi
Background/aim: Immunogenicity and safety of a primary series of a fully liquid, hexavalent DTaP-IPV-HB-PRP-T vaccine given at 2, 3, and 4 months of age compared to licensed comparators and a DTaP-IPV-HB-PRP-T booster at 15?18 months were evaluated. Materials and methods: This was a Phase III, randomized, open-label trial. Primary series (no hepatitis B [HB] at birth) of DTaP-IPV-HB-PRP-T (N = 155) (group 1) or licensed control vaccines (DTaP-IPV//PRP-T and standalone HB: N = 155) (group 2) and DTaP-IPV-HB-PRP-T booster were administered...
August 23, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154591/the-impact-of-comorbid-diagnoses-on-the-course-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-in-residents-of-battered-women-s-shelters
#5
Katherine M Fedele, Nicole L Johnson, Jennifer C Caldwell, Yuliya Shteynberg, Sarah E Sanders, Samantha C Holmes, Dawn M Johnson
OBJECTIVE: The current investigation sought to explore the impact of the comorbidities of substance use disorder (SUD), major depressive disorder (MDD), and borderline personality disorder (BPD) on the trajectory of intimate partner violence (IPV)-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms across a 6-month follow-up period in IPV survivors who seek shelter. Research has found significant comorbidity of SUD, MDD, and BPD with PTSD (see Green et al., 2006; Kessler, Sonnega, Bromet, Hughes, & Nelson, 1995; Pagura et al...
November 20, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153725/differentiating-among-attempted-completed-and-multiple-nonfatal-strangulation-in-women-experiencing-intimate-partner-violence
#6
Jill Theresa Messing, Michelle Patch, Janet Sullivan Wilson, Gabor D Kelen, Jacquelyn Campbell
PURPOSE: Because identification of intimate partner violence (IPV) in health care settings is low and strangulation increases lethality risk among women experiencing IPV, we examined the prevalence and correlates of nonfatal strangulation among 1,008 women survivors of IPV. METHODS: Trained researchers conducted semistructured interviews with women survivors of IPV referred by police. Multinomial logistic regression examined differential correlates of attempted, completed, and multiple strangulation...
November 16, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150209/exploring-the-relationship-between-polio-type-2-serum-neutralizing-antibodies-and-intestinal-immunity-using-data-from-two-randomized-controlled-trials-of-new-bopv-ipv-immunization-schedules
#7
Ananda S Bandyopadhyay, Edwin J Asturias, Miguel O'Ryan, M Steven Oberste, William Weldon, Ralf Clemens, Ricardo Rüttimann, John F Modlin, Chris Gast
BACKGROUND: Inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) is now the only source of routine type 2 protection. The relationship, if any, between vaccine-induced type 2 humoral and intestinal immunity is poorly understood. METHODS: Two clinical trials in five Latin American countries of mixed or sequential bOPV-IPV schedules in 1640 infants provided data on serum neutralizing antibodies (NAb) and intestinal immunity, assessed as viral shedding following oral mOPV2 challenge. Analyses with generalized additive and quantile regression models examined the relationships between prechallenge NAb titers and proportion, duration and titers (magnitude) of viral shedding...
November 14, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149538/psychologic-intimate-partner-violence-and-the-risk-of-intrauterine-growth-restriction-in-rio-de-janeiro
#8
Gustavo Lobato, Michael E Reichenheim, Claudia L Moraes, Fernando M Peixoto-Filho, Lívia S Migowski
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether psychologic intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy is a risk factor for intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). METHODS: The cross-sectional study enrolled 810 randomly selected mothers of infants younger than 5 months attending basic health services in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from January to July 2007. Psychologic and physical IPV were evaluated by the Revised Conflict Tactics Scale; IUGR was defined as below the 10th percentile of the Alexander curve...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144189/clinical-and-personality-disorders-in-a-danish-treatment-seeking-sample-of-intimate-partner-violence-perpetrators
#9
Ask Elklit, Siobhan Murphy, Christine Jacobsen, Morgan Kezia Jensen
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a global public health concern with profound psychological consequences. Perpetrators often have a history of childhood trauma and a range of co-occurring psychiatric problems, which may have implications for treatment. This study examines the prevalence of psychiatric and personality disorders (PD) among perpetrators and the association between a range of demographic, childhood trauma, and adult criminality variables for the most prominent disorders. Data were collected from IPV perpetrators ( n = 529) engaging in a treatment program, ' Dialogue Against Violence'...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132284/love-matters-exploring-conceptions-of-love-in-rwanda-and-swaziland-and-relationship-to-hiv-and-intimate-partner-violence
#10
Allison Ruark, Erin Stern, Thandeka Dlamini-Simelane, Marie Fidele Kakuze
Health risks such as intimate partner violence (IPV) and HIV infection often occur within intimate sexual relationships, yet the study of love and intimacy is largely absent from health research on African populations. This study explores how women and men in Rwanda and Swaziland understand and represent love in their intimate sexual partnerships. In Rwanda, 58 in-depth interviews with 15 couples, 12 interviews with activists, and 24 focus group discussions were carried out during formative and evaluative research of the Indashyikirwa programme, which aims to reduce IPV and support healthy couple relationships...
December 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132281/constrained-relationship-agency-as-the-risk-factor-for-intimate-partner-violence-in-different-models-of-transactional-sex
#11
Rebecca Fielding-Miller, Kristin Dunkle
Women who engage in transactional sex are more likely to experience intimate partner violence (IPV) and are at higher risk of HIV. However, women engage in transactional sex for a variety of reasons and the precise mechanism linking transactional sex and IPV is not fully understood. We conducted a behavioural survey with a cross-sectional sample of 401 women attending 1 rural and 1 urban public antenatal clinic in Swaziland between February and June 2014. We used structural equation modelling to identify and measure constrained relationship agency (CRA) as a latent variable, and then tested the hypothesis that CRA plays a significant role in the pathway between IPV and transactional sex...
December 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130548/reliability-and-validity-of-the-arabic-ptsd-checklist-civilian-version-pcl-c-in-women-survivors-of-intimate-partner-violence
#12
Eman Alhalal, Marilyn Ford-Gilboe, Carol Wong, Fadia AlBuhairan
Although intimate partner violence (IPV) survivors are at high risk for developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), PTSD has been considered a disorder specific to Western culture. There is a lack of reliable and valid measures of PTSD symptomology available in the Arab world, and there is still no clear evidence about the underlying factor structure of PTSD symptomology in the context of IPV. Thus, in the present study we investigated the construct validity (factor structure), internal consistency, and concurrent validity of a translated version of the PTSD Checklist Civilian Version (PCL-C) in a sample of 299 Saudi women who had experienced IPV...
November 11, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126173/immunogenicity-of-different-routine-poliovirus-vaccination-schedules-a-randomized-controlled-trial-karachi-pakistan
#13
Ali F Saleem, Ondrej Mach, Mohammad T Yousafzai, Asia Khan, William C Weldon, M Steven Oberste, Syed S Zaidi, Muhammad M Alam, Farheen Quadri, Roland W Sutter, Anita K M Zaidi
Background: We assessed immunity against polioviruses induced with new Pakistani immunization schedule and compared it with alternative immunization schedules. Methods: Newborns were randomized to receive one of the following vaccination schedules, administered at birth, 6, 10, and 14 weeks of age. Arm A: 4x IPV; Arm B: 4x bOPV; Arm C and D: bOPV, bOPV, bOPV, bOPV+ inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV); Arm E: 4x trivalent oral poliovirus vaccine (tOPV). At 22 weeks of age, children received one challenge dose of tOPV, and children in arm D received one additional IPV dose...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121811/evidence-for-two-levels-of-intimate-partner-violence-and-aggression-among-incarcerated-young-male-violent-offenders
#14
Anna-Kari Sjödin, Märta Wallinius, Eva Billstedt, Björn Hofvander, Thomas Nilsson
Furthering knowledge of the subset of incarcerated partner violent offenders distinguished by aggression, anger, and hostility is relevant, as these offenders are guilty of the more severe kinds of intimate partner violence (IPV). Our aim was to identify groups with different patterns of IPV among convicted young Swedish male offenders, using data from the Development of Aggressive Antisocial Behavior Study, including 171 young men (18-25 years) convicted of a violent crime. Cluster analysis was used to identify different clusters based on amount and severity of IPV in combination with measures of anger, hostility, aggression, and psychopathic personality traits...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117752/the-criminogenic-and-noncriminogenic-treatment-needs-of-intimate-partner-violence-offenders
#15
N Zoe Hilton, Dana L Radatz
The criminogenic needs of general offenders have been empirically studied, but the criminogenic treatment needs of intimate partner violence (IPV) offenders, or how they compare with other violent or nonviolent offenders, have not been as thoroughly explored. Therefore, we examined and compared the criminogenic and noncriminogenic needs of 99 IPV offenders, 233 non-IPV violent offenders, and 103 nonviolent offenders, all of whom were men who had undergone institutional forensic assessment. Results indicated that IPV offenders had more treatment needs than the other two offender groups, including the Central Eight criminogenic needs...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111920/unwanted-pregnancy-pregnancy-loss-and-other-risk-factors-for-intimate-partner-violence-in-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#16
Fentanesh Nibret Tiruneh, Kun-Yang Chuang, Peter A M Ntenda, Ying-Chih Chuang
The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has one of the highest rates of violence against women in the world; however, few studies have focused on this issue. In this study, we assessed the interrelationship among intimate partner violence (IPV), unintended pregnancy, pregnancy loss, and other sociodemographic factors in the DRC. Our analyses were based on data from the DRC Demographic and Health Survey, conducted from November 2013 to February 2014. We constructed generalized estimating equation models to analyze the data from a sample of 5,120 married women...
November 7, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104608/modelling-risk-to-us-military-populations-from-stopping-blanket-mandatory-polio-vaccination
#17
Colleen Burgess, Andrew Burgess, Kellie McMullen
Objectives: Transmission of polio poses a threat to military forces when deploying to regions where such viruses are endemic. US-born soldiers generally enter service with immunity resulting from childhood immunization against polio; moreover, new recruits are routinely vaccinated with inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV), supplemented based upon deployment circumstances. Given residual protection from childhood vaccination, risk-based vaccination may sufficiently protect troops from polio transmission...
2017: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104021/police-violence-among-women-in-four-u-s-cities
#18
Lisa Fedina, Bethany L Backes, Hyun-Jin Jun, Roma Shah, Boyoung Nam, Bruce G Link, Jordan E DeVylder
Police violence has been identified as a public health concern in the U.S., yet few studies have assessed the prevalence and nature of police violence among women. Furthermore, increasing evidence suggests that women reporting intimate partner violence (IPV) and sexual violence (SV) to police are often met with harmful or neglectful police responses and thus, women's exposures to police violence may be associated with experiences of IPV and SV; however, this has not yet been empirically tested. This study assesses lifetime prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of police violence among women and investigates potential associations between IPV, SV, and police violence...
November 8, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100706/efficacy-of-trivalent-influenza-vaccine-against-laboratory-confirmed-influenza-among-young-children-in-a-randomized-trial-in-bangladesh
#19
Melissa A Rolfes, Doli Goswami, Amina Tahia Sharmeen, Sultana Yeasmin, Nasrin Parvin, Kamrun Nahar, Mustafizur Rahman, Marion Barends, Dilruba Ahmed, Mohammed Ziaur Rahman, Joseph Bresee, Stephen Luby, Lawrence H Moulton, Mathuram Santosham, Alicia M Fry, W Abdullah Brooks
BACKGROUND: Few trials have evaluated influenza vaccine efficacy (VE) in young children, a group particularly vulnerable to influenza complications. We aimed to estimate VE against influenza in children aged <2 years in Bangladesh; a subtropical setting, where influenza circulation can be irregular. METHODS: Children aged 6-23 months were enrolled 1:1 in a parallel, double-blind, randomized controlled trial of trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV3) versus inactivated polio vaccine (IPV); conducted August 2010-March 2014 in Dhaka, Bangladesh...
October 31, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090392/perceived-risk-of-intimate-partner-violence-among-sti-clinic-patients-implications-for-partner-notification-and-patient-delivered-partner-therapy
#20
Steven A John, Jennifer L Walsh, Young Ik Cho, Lance S Weinhardt
Patient-delivered partner therapy (PDPT) is the practice of providing patients diagnosed with a bacterial sexually transmitted infection (STI) medication to give directly to their partner for treatment without requiring the partner to participate in diagnostic testing and counseling. Despite a growing body of evidence in support of PDPT, literature is limited to date on the influence of perceived risk of intimate partner violence (IPV) on PDPT use. We analyzed mixed-method data from 196 quantitative surveys (61% male, M age = 31...
October 31, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
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