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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103834/depression-alcohol-use-and-intimate-partner-violence-among-outpatients-in-rural-uganda-vulnerabilities-for-hiv-stis-and-high-risk-sexual-behavior
#1
Susan M Kiene, Haruna Lule, Katelyn M Sileo, Kazi Priyanka Silmi, Rhoda K Wanyenze
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV), alcohol use, and depression are key vulnerabilities for HIV in Uganda, and taken together may have a synergistic effect on risk. Our objective was to investigate the associations between depression, IPV, and alcohol use and HIV-risk indicators among a sample of outpatients in rural Uganda, and the effect of co-occurrence of these factors on HIV-risk indicators. METHODS: In a structured interview we collected data on high-risk sexual behavior, depression symptoms, emotional and physical IPV, and alcohol use, as well as a blood sample for HIV and syphilis tests and a urine sample for chlamydia and gonorrhea tests from 325 male and female outpatients receiving provider-initiated HIV testing and counseling (PITC) at a public hospital outpatient clinic in rural Uganda...
January 19, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099692/a-hospital-based-study-of-intimate-partner-violence-during-pregnancy
#2
Sandhya Jain, Khushboo Varshney, Neelam B Vaid, Kiran Guleria, Keya Vaid, Neha Sharma
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and types of intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy, factors linked with IPV, and effects of IPV on maternal-fetal outcomes. METHODS: In a prospective observational study at a tertiary care hospital in Delhi, India, 400 women at 20-28 weeks of pregnancy were screened for IPV between December 2013 and April 2015. The women completed a detailed questionnaire and were followed up until delivery. RESULTS: Overall, 49 (12...
December 22, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099690/intimate-partner-violence-and-constraints-to-reproductive-autonomy-and-reproductive-health-among-women-seeking-abortion-services-in-bangladesh
#3
Erin Pearson, Kathryn L Andersen, Kamal Biswas, Rezwana Chowdhury, Susan G Sherman, Michele R Decker
OBJECTIVE: To understand intersections between intimate partner violence (IPV) and other constraints to women's reproductive autonomy, and the influence of IPV on reproductive health. METHODS: A secondary analysis examined cross-sectional data from a facility-based sample of women seeking abortion care (for spontaneous or induced abortion) between March 1 and October 31, 2013. Women aged 18-49 years, who received abortion services and selected a short-acting contraceptive method or no contraception completed an interviewer-administered survey after treatment...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099073/cdc-s-delta-focus-program-identifying-promising-primary-prevention-strategies-for-intimate-partner-violence
#4
Theresa L Armstead, Kirsten Rambo, Megan Kearns, Kathryn M Jones, Jenny Dills, Pamela Brown
According to 2011 data, nearly one in four women and one in seven men in the United States experience severe physical violence by an intimate partner, creating a public health burden requiring population-level solutions. To prevent intimate partner violence (IPV) before it occurs, the CDC developed Domestic Violence Prevention Enhancements and Leadership Through Alliances, Focusing on Outcomes for Communities United with States to identify promising community- and societal-level prevention strategies to prevent IPV...
January 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097847/-nicolau-syndrome-induced-by-intramuscular-injection-of-a-hexavalent-vaccine-in-a-6-month-old-girl
#5
Paola C Stefano, Mónica Garello, María F Nolte, Patricia Lamy, Norberto Giglio, Vanesa Castellano, Ángela Gentile
Nicolau syndrome, also known as embolia cutis medicamentosa or livedo-like dermatitis, is a sudden tissue necrosis, a rare complication of intramuscular injection of some drugs. We report a case of a 6-month-old girl who received intramuscularly the third dose of hexavalent vaccine (DTaP- HVB-IPV/HIb), and immediately presented a livedoid lesion around the injection site, progressing to necrosis. We reinforce the importance of early diagnosis to perform a suitable treatment and clinical follow-up to avoid ischemic secondary complications...
1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096107/the-polio-endgame-rationale-behind-the-change-in-immunisation
#6
Julie Garon, Manish Patel
The decades long effort to eradicate polio is nearing the final stages and oral polio vaccine (OPV) is much to thank for this success. As cases of wild poliovirus continue to dwindle, cases of paralysis associated with OPV itself have become a concern. As type-2 poliovirus (one of three) has been certified eradicated and a large proportion of OPV-related paralysis is caused by the type-2 component of OPV, the World Health Assembly endorsed the phased withdrawal of OPV and the introduction of inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) into routine immunisation schedules as a crucial step in the polio endgame plan...
January 17, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095727/mentor-mother-support-for-mothers-experiencing-intimate-partner-violence-in-family-practice-a-qualitative-study-of-three-different-perspectives-on-the-facilitators-and-barriers-of-implementation
#7
Maartje J W Loeffen, Jasper Daemen, Fred P J F Wester, Miranda G H Laurant, Sylvie H Lo Fo Wong, Antoine L M Lagro-Janssen
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is highly prevalent and associated with physical and mental health problems. Mentor mother support is a low threshold intervention in family practice consisting of support by non-professionals trained to support mothers experiencing IPV. A mentor mother support study showed reduced exposure to IPV and decreased symptoms of depression. OBJECTIVES: Identify factors determining implementation success of mentor mother support in family practice...
January 18, 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086857/evaluating-a-multicomponent-social-behaviour-change-communication-strategy-to-reduce-intimate-partner-violence-among-married-couples-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-trial-in-nepal
#8
Cari Jo Clark, Rachael A Spencer, Binita Shrestha, Gemma Ferguson, J Michael Oakes, Jhumka Gupta
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant public health issue that affects 1 in 3 women globally and a similarly large number of women in Nepal. Over the past decade, important policy and programmatic steps have been taken to address violence against women in Nepal. There remains a dearth of evidence on the effectiveness of primary violence prevention strategies. The Change Starts at Home study begins to fill this gap by utilizing a multi-component social behaviour change communication (SBCC) strategy involving a radio drama and community mobilization to shift attitudes, norms and behaviours that underpin IPV perpetration in Nepal...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081056/guidance-for-assessment-of-poliovirus-vaccination-status-and-vaccination-of-children-who-have-received-poliovirus-vaccine-outside-the-united-states
#9
Mona Marin, Manisha Patel, Steve Oberste, Mark A Pallansch
In 1988, the World Health Assembly resolved to eradicate poliomyelitis (polio). Since then, wild poliovirus (WPV) cases have declined by >99.9%, from an estimated 350,000 cases of polio each year to 74 cases in two countries in 2015 (1). This decrease was achieved primarily through the use of trivalent oral poliovirus vaccine (tOPV), which contains types 1, 2, and 3 live, attenuated polioviruses. Since 2000, the United States has exclusively used inactivated polio vaccine (IPV), which contains all three poliovirus types (2,3)...
January 13, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075656/intimate-partner-violence-and-5-year-weight-change-in-young-women-a-longitudinal-study
#10
Susan M Mason, Noussaiba Ayour, Suzanne Canney, Marla E Eisenberg, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) and obesity are national public health problems that are potentially associated. We examined the association between IPV exposure and 5-year weight gain in young women. We also examined whether depressive mood conferred additional increases in weight gain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Analyses were conducted among women in Project EAT, a longitudinal cohort study of weight-related health, which has collected data at three 5-year survey waves: "EAT I" (mean age 15 years), "EAT II" (mean age 19 years), and "EAT III" (mean age 25 years)...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073858/boosting-immune-responses-following-fractional-dose-inactivated-poliovirus-vaccine-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Sonia Resik, Alina Tejeda, Manuel Diaz, Hiromasa Okayasu, Carolyn Sein, Natalie A Molodecky, Magile Fonseca, Nilda Alemany, Gloria Garcia, Lai Heng Hung, Yenisleydis Martinez, Roland W Sutter
BACKGROUND:  Fractional-dose administration of inactivated poliovirus vaccine (fIPV) could increase IPV affordability and stretch limited supplies. We assessed immune responses following fIPV administered intradermally, compared with full-dose IPV administered intramuscularly, among adults with a history of oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) receipt. METHODS:  We conducted a randomized, controlled noninferiority trial in Cuba. fIPV or IPV were administered on days 0 and 28; serum was collected on days 0, 7, 28, and 56 for analysis by a neutralization assay...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068577/women-s-police-stations-and-intimate-partner-violence-evidence-from-brazil
#12
Elizaveta Perova, Sarah Anne Reynolds
Although women's police stations have gained popularity as a measure to address intimate partner violence (IPV), there is little quantitative evaluation of their impacts on the incidence of IPV. This paper estimates the effects of women's police stations in Brazil on female homicides, a measure of the most severe form of IPV. Given that a high fraction of female deaths among women ages 15-49 years can be attributed to aggression by an intimate partner, female homicides appear the best proxy for severe IPV considering the scarcity of data on IPV in Brazil...
December 9, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067718/immunogenicity-and-safety-of-a-booster-injection-of-dtap-ipv-hib-pentaxim%C3%A2-administered-concomitantly-with-tetravalent-dengue-vaccine-in-healthy-toddlers-aged-15-to-18-months-in-mexico-a-randomized-trial
#13
Flor Irene Rodriguez Melo, José Juan Renteria Morales, Abiel Homero Mascareñas De Los Santos, Enrique Rivas, Claire Vigne, Fernando Noriega
BACKGROUND: The live, attenuated, tetravalent dengue vaccine (CYD-TDV) is licensed in a number of dengue endemic countries for individuals ≥9 years old. Before integration of any vaccine into childhood vaccination schedules, a lack of immune interference and acceptable safety when co-administered with other recommended vaccines should be demonstrated. METHODS: This randomized, multi-center, Phase III trial was conducted in Mexico. Healthy toddlers (n=732) received a booster dose of a licensed pentavalent combination vaccine (diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis, inactivated polio vaccine, and Haemophilus influenzae type b [DTaP-IPV//Hib]) either concomitantly or sequentially with the second dose of CYD-TDV administered as a 3-dose schedule...
January 6, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064250/novel-method-for-electrode-tissue-contact-measurement-with-multi-electrode-catheters
#14
René van Es, John Hauck, Vincent Jhm van Driel, Kars Neven, Harry van Wessel, Pieter A Doevendans, Fred Hm Wittkampf
AIMS: With multi-electrode catheters, measuring contact force (CF) on each electrode is technically challenging. Present electrical methods, like the electrical coupling index (ECI) may yield false positive values in pulmonary veins. We developed a novel method that measures electrode-interface resistance (IR) by applying a very local electrical field between neighbouring catheter electrodes while measuring voltage between each catheter electrode and a skin patch. The aim of this study was to evaluate the new IR method to measure electrode-tissue contact...
January 6, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061357/characteristics-of-alcohol-related-facial-fractures
#15
Kai Lee, Michael Qiu
PURPOSE: Excessive indulgence in alcohol is a key causative factor in facial fractures especially in settings of interpersonal violence (IPV) and motor vehicle accidents. This study aims to explore characteristics of alcohol-involved facial fractures in the state of Victoria, Australia, over a 10-year period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed data from the Victorian Admitted Episodes Dataset between 2004 and 2014; the Victorian Admitted Episodes Dataset is a standardized database reported by all Victorian hospitals for every admission...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059613/seroprevalence-of-poliovirus-antibodies-in-the-kansas-city-metropolitan-area-2012-2013
#16
Gregory S Wallace, Barbara A Pahud, William C Weldon, Aaron T Curns, M Steven Oberste, Christopher J Harrison
No indigenous cases of poliomyelitis have occurred in the U.S. since 1979; however the risk of importation persists until global eradication is achieved. The seropositivity rate for different age cohorts with exposures to different poliovirus vaccine types and wild virus in the U.S. are not presently known. A convenience sample was conducted in the Kansas City metropolitan area during 2012-2103 with approximately 100 participants enrolled for each of 5 age cohorts categorized based on vaccine policy changes over time in the U...
January 6, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059057/-open-borders-for-alpine-pastures-the-history-of-the-pacage-franco-suisse
#17
J Schluep
Alpine transhumance and summer grazing of animals on both sides of the French-Swiss border has a long tradition. The Bernese authorities first regulated the movement of animals across the French border in the 18th century due to outbreaks of epidemics. At that time the importation of cattle from the "Franche-Comté" was forbidden, but grazing on the French side of the border remained allowed. The 1912 agreement, relating to grazing on both sides of the border, was used for decades as a guideline to ensure the open communication and close cooperation of the veterinary and customs authorities of both countries with regard to border traffic...
January 2017: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057194/budget-impact-of-polio-immunization-strategy-for-india-introduction-of-one-dose-of-inactivated-poliomyelitis-vaccine-and-reductions-in-supplemental-polio-immunization
#18
M M Khan, S Sharma, B Tripathi, F P Alvarez
OBJECTIVES: To conduct a budget impact analysis (BIA) of introducing the immunization recommendations of India Expert Advisory Group (IEAG) for the years 2015-2017. The recommendations include introduction of one inactivated poliomyelitis vaccine (IPV) dose in the regular child immunization programme along with reductions in oral polio vaccine (OPV) doses in supplemental programmes. STUDY DESIGN: This is a national level analysis of budget impact of new polio immunization recommendations...
January 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057104/-the-role-of-sabin-inactivated-poliovirus-vaccine-in-the-final-phase-of-global-polio-eradication
#19
S Z Dong, W B Zhu
Global polio eradication has entered its final phase, but still faces enormous challenges. The Polio Eradication and Endgame Strategic Plan (2013-2018) set the target for making the world polio-free by 2018. Meanwhile, the World Heath Organization Global Action Plan (GAP Ⅲ) recommended that polioviruses be stored under strict conditions after eradication of the wild poliovirus. At least one dose of inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) would be required for each newborn baby in the world to ensure successful completion of the final strategy and GAP Ⅲ...
December 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057103/-inactivated-poliovirus-vaccines-an-inevitable-choice-for-eliminating-poliomyelitis
#20
J D Vidor, Shu Jean-Denis
The inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) is a very old tool in the fight against poliomyelitis. Though supplanted by oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) in the 1960s and 1970s, the IPV has now become an inevitable choice because of the increasingly recognized risks associated with continuous use of OPVs. Following the pioneering work of Jonas Salk, who established key principles for the IPV, considerable experience has accumulated over the years. This work has led to modern Salk IPV-containing vaccines, based on the use of inactivated wildtype polioviruses, which have been deployed for routine use in many countries...
December 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
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