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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926979/mother-s-ipv-child-maltreatment-type-and-the-presence-of-ptsd-in-children-and-adolescents
#1
Maravillas Castro, Mavi Alcántara-López, Antonia Martínez, Visitación Fernández, Julio Sánchez-Meca, Concepción López-Soler
This correlational cross-sectional study was designed to investigate whether the intimate partner violence (IPV) suffered by mothers (physical and psychological maltreatment), child eyewitness of psychological and physical maltreatment suffered by the mother, the neglect suffered by children, and the maltreatment (physical and psychological) directly suffered by children are statistically associated to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms exhibited by the child. In addition, the prevalence of child PTSD was estimated, as well as the concordance between the PTSD symptoms assessed by the Child PTSD Symptom Scale (CPSS) and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) criteria for child PTSD...
September 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926080/polio-n%C3%A3-rmar-sig-utrotning
#2
Erling Norrby, Ingrid Uhnoo, Mia Brytting, Katherina Zakikhany, Tiia Lepp, Patrick Olin
Polio close to eradication The WHO Global Polio Eradication Initiative has been highly successful. With a dramatic decrease in polio since it started in 1988, the number of globally reported cases reached a record low of 37 in 2016. This article describes the WHO Endgame Strategic Plan including milestones that have been reached and challenges that have to be overcome in order to reach the goal of polio eradication by 2020. Efforts to strengthen immunizations systems and to detect and interrupt polio virus transmission focus on the three remaining endemic countries, namely Pakistan, Afghanistan and Nigeria...
September 19, 2017: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921610/validation-and-adaptation-of-the-danger-assessment-5-da-5-a-brief-intimate-partner-violence-risk-assessment
#3
Jill Theresa Messing, Jacquelyn C Campbell, Carolyn Snider
AIMS: To assess the predictive validity of the DA-5 with the addition of a strangulation item in evaluating the risk of an intimate partner violence (IPV) victim being nearly killed by an intimate partner. BACKGROUND: The DA-5 was developed as a short form of the Danger Assessment for use in healthcare settings, including emergency and urgent care settings. Analyzing data from a sample of IPV survivors who had called the police for domestic violence, the DA-5 was tested with and without an item on strangulation, a potentially fatal and medically damaging IPV tactic used commonly by dangerous abusers...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914730/family-and-environmental-influences-on-child-behavioral-health-the-role-of-neighborhood-disorder-and-adverse-childhood-experiences
#4
Xiafei Wang, Kathryn Maguire-Jack
OBJECTIVE: The Adverse Childhood Experiences study suggests childhood adversity is a "root" origin for health and human development. Newer research is examining the more immediate impact of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on child development and the impact of neighborhood environment on the likelihood of and prevention ACEs. The extent to which all of these aspects of the child context fit together remains unclear. The current study seeks to fill this gap examining the precursors for ACEs and the multitude of ways in which a child's home life can impact his or her development...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913863/neighborhood-predictors-of-intimate-partner-violence-a-theory-informed-analysis-using-hierarchical-linear-modeling
#5
Laura A Voith, Michael J Brondino
Due to high prevalence rates and deleterious effects on individuals, families, and communities, intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant public health problem. Because IPV occurs in the context of communities and neighborhoods, research must examine the broader environment in addition to individual-level factors to successfully facilitate behavior change. Drawing from the Social Determinants of Health framework and Social Disorganization Theory, neighborhood predictors of IPV were tested using hierarchical linear modeling...
September 15, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903741/is-economic-dependence-on-the-husband-a-risk-factor-for-intimate-partner-violence-against-female-factory-workers-in-nepal
#6
Sunita Dhungel, Pabita Dhungel, Shalik Ram Dhital, Christiane Stock
BACKGROUND: Violence related injury is a serious public health issue all over the world. This study aims to assess the association between several socio-economic factors and intimate partner violence (IPV) in Nepal. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 236 women working in carpet and garment factories in Kathmandu, Nepal. Interviews were conducted to collect quantitative data on three forms of IPV, namely physical violence, psychological violence and sexual violence, as well as on a number of potentially associated factors...
September 13, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903576/mitigating-intimate-partner-violence-among-south-african-women-testing-hiv-positive-during-mobile-counseling-and-testing
#7
L Lauren Brown, Michiel A Riaan Van Zyl
South African women continue to suffer disproportionately from the interlinked epidemics of HIV and intimate partner violence (IPV). Effective strategies are needed to mitigate HIV-related IPV, which often creates barriers to successful engagement along the HIV continuum of care. More information is needed on how IPV impacts women's safety following mobile HCT diagnosis, and the HIV IPV Risk Assessment & Safety-planning (HIRS) protocol was developed to address several related gaps in knowledge. The sample included 255 black South African women experiencing IPV and testing HIV+ during mobile HCT in Gauteng province...
September 13, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902264/intimate-partner-violence-as-a-predictor-of-antenatal-care-service-utilization-in-honduras
#8
Anne K Sebert Kuhlmann, Janine Foggia, Qiang Fu, Manuel Sierra
Objective: To describe the relationship between exposure to physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence (IPV) and indicators of antenatal care (ANC) service utilization among Honduran women of reproductive age. Methods: Data from the 2011-2012 Honduras Demographic and Health Survey were analyzed to describe the relationship between self-reported exposure to IPV and two ANC outcomes: (1) sufficient ANC visits (defined by the Honduran Ministry of Health as five or more visits) and (2) early ANC initiation (within the first trimester)...
August 21, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893112/evaluation-of-an-intimate-partner-violence-training-for-home-visitors-using-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#9
Christiaan G Abildso, Angela Dyer, Alfgeir L Kristjansson, Michael J Mann, Thomas Bias, Jessica Coffman, Emily Vasile, Danielle Davidov
INTRODUCTION: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a public health issue with recent intervention focus by home visiting programs with at-risk families in the United States. Home visitors are typically required to assess IPV but feel unprepared to do so and desire training. Our aim was to evaluate the impact of a daylong IPV training on the intention to enact three key IPV behaviors (screening, making referrals, and safety planning) using the theory of planned behavior. METHOD: Survey of 125 home visitors in West Virginia was conducted before and after a daylong IPV training...
September 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887703/examining-the-impact-of-intimate-partner-violence-type-and-timing-on-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-awareness-interest-and-coercion
#10
Tiara C Willie, Jamila K Stockman, Nicole M Overstreet, Trace S Kershaw
Previous research suggests that intimate partner violence (IPV) is associated with acceptability of and adherence to pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). However, very few studies have examined whether the type (i.e., physical, sexual, and psychological IPV) and timing (i.e., lifetime, past-year) of IPV experiences differentially relate to PrEP awareness, interest, and perceived PrEP coercion. Therefore, the objective of this study is to examine associations between lifetime and past-year physical, sexual, and psychological IPV experiences on PrEP awareness, interest, and perceived PrEP coercion...
September 8, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886119/intimate-partner-violence-related-hospitalizations-in-appalachia-and-the-non-appalachian-united-states
#11
Danielle M Davidov, Stephen M Davis, Motao Zhu, Tracie O Afifi, Melissa Kimber, Abby L Goldstein, Nicole Pitre, Kelly K Gurka, Carol Stocks
The highly rural region of Appalachia faces considerable socioeconomic disadvantage and health disparities that are recognized risk factors for intimate partner violence (IPV). The objective of this study was to estimate the rate of IPV-related hospitalizations in Appalachia and the non-Appalachian United States for 2007-2011 and compare hospitalizations in each region by clinical and sociodemographic factors. Data on IPV-related hospitalizations were extracted from the State Inpatient Databases, which are part of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884435/aggression-by-children-exposed-to-ipv-exploring-the-role-of-child-depressive-symptoms-trauma-related-symptoms-warmth-in-family-relationships
#12
Caroline C Piotrowski, Margherita Cameranesi
Multi-informant reports of aggression by siblings in families with and without a history of IPV were compared. Associations between aggressive behavior and child depressive and trauma-related symptoms, as well as maternal and sibling warmth were also explored. Mothers, observers and the siblings themselves reported on aggressive behaviour. Mothers reported on child trauma-related symptoms while children provided self-report on depressive symptoms and mother-child and sibling warmth. The frequency of observed aggression did not differ across groups on average, although more sibling dyads exposed to IPV engaged in aggression than those not exposed...
September 7, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884268/can-a-parenting-intervention-to-prevent-early-conduct-problems-interrupt-girls-risk-for-intimate-partner-violence-10%C3%A2-years-later
#13
Miriam K Ehrensaft, Heather Knous Westfall, Phyllis Holditch Niolon, Thailyn Lopez, Dimitra Kamboukos, Keng-Yen Huang, Laurie Miller Brotman
This study tests whether a parenting intervention for families of preschoolers at risk for conduct problems can prevent later risk for intimate partner violence (IPV). Ninety-nine preschoolers at familial risk for conduct problems were randomly assigned to intervention or control conditions. Ten years later, 45 preschoolers and 43 of their siblings completed an assessment of their romantic relationships, including measures of physical and psychological IPV. The study focuses on the 54 females, including targets (n = 27) and siblings (n = 27) who participated in a 10-year follow-up (M age = 16...
September 7, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883744/sexual-autonomy-and-contraceptive-use-among-women-in-nigeria-findings-from-the-demographic-and-health-survey-data
#14
Saritha P Viswan, T K Sundari Ravindran, Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala, Max G Petzold, Sharon Fonn
CONTEXT: The persistent low contraceptive use and high fertility in Nigeria despite improvements in educational achievements calls for an examination of the role of factors, which may moderate the use of modern contraception. This article explores the influence of sexual autonomy on the use of modern contraceptive methods among women and its relative importance compared with other, more traditional, indicators of women's autonomy such as education and occupation. DATA AND METHODS: Data from two Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), 2008 and 2013, were used in this study...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880713/sexual-violence-as-a-key-contributor-to-poor-mental-health-among-japanese-women-subjected-to-intimate-partner-violence
#15
Tomoko Honda, Karen Wynter, Jinko Yokota, Thach Tran, Yuri Ujiie, Madoka Niwa, Michi Nakayama, Fumie Ito, Yoshiharu Kim, Jane Fisher, Toshiko Kamo
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the impact of sexual intimate partner violence (IPV) on mental health among Japanese women and to explore to what extent sexual IPV is an important contributor to the severity of mental health problems in comparison with physical and psychological IPV. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis was conducted of the medical records of participants during psychiatric consultation at the Institute of Women's Health, Tokyo Women's Medical University, including 62 women who experienced IPV without sexual violence and 83 women who experienced IPV with sexual violence...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880705/healthcare-access-and-cancer-screening-among-victims-of-intimate-partner-violence
#16
Greta M Massetti, Julie S Townsend, Cheryll C Thomas, Kathleen C Basile, Lisa C Richardson
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) victims often experience substantial and persistent mental and physical health problems, including increased risk for chronic disease and barriers to healthcare access. This study investigated the association between IPV and cancer screening. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data from the eight states and one U.S. territory that administered the optional IPV module in 2006 were analyzed to examine demographic characteristics, health behaviors, health status, healthcare coverage, use of health services, and cancer screening among men and women who reported IPV victimization compared with those among men and women who did not...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875435/client-and-partner-violence-among-urban-female-exotic-dancers-and-intentions-for-seeking-support-and-justice
#17
Michele R Decker, Jennifer E Nail, Sahnah Lim, Katherine Footer, Wendy Davis, Susan G Sherman
Urban female exotic dancers are thought to experience unique risk for violence and barriers to care, though limited research has focused on this aspect of urban sex industries. We characterize recent client-perpetrated and intimate partner violence (IPV) and their correlates, and describe women's intentions for violence-related help-seeking, among venue-based exotic dancers in a high-risk urban environment. We conducted a cross-sectional study with new female exotic dancers (n = 117) in Baltimore, MD. Over one third (36%) reported intimate partner violence (IPV), and 16% reported client physical or sexual violence, in the six months prior to the survey...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875409/disorganization-theory-neighborhood-social-capital-and-ethnic-inequalities-in-intimate-partner-violence-between-arab-and-jewish-women-citizens-of-israel
#18
Nihaya Daoud, Ruslan Sergienko, Patricia O'Campo, Ilana Shoham-Vardi
We draw on social disorganization (SD) theory and social capital to examine the impact of neighborhood environment on the ethnic gap in intimate partner violence (IPV) between Arab and Jewish women in Israel. We linked census data on neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES) to national data we gathered in 2014-2015 on 1401 women (436 Arab, 965 Jewish) age 16-48. Women were interviewed while visiting 65 maternal and child health clinics throughout Israel. We used General Estimated Equation (GEE) multivariate logistic regression models to adjust for clinic cluster effects and estimated the contribution of neighborhood collective efficacy, problems, relative socioeconomic status (SES), bridging and linking social capital, and social support to explaining ethnic inequalities in IPV, while adjusting for women's socioeconomic and socio-demographic characteristics...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873087/women-s-and-men-s-reports-of-past-year-prevalence-of-intimate-partner-violence-and-rape-and-women-s-risk-factors-for-intimate-partner-violence-a-multicountry-cross-sectional-study-in-asia-and-the-pacific
#19
Rachel Jewkes, Emma Fulu, Ruchira Tabassam Naved, Esnat Chirwa, Kristin Dunkle, Regine Haardörfer, Claudia Garcia-Moreno
BACKGROUND: Understanding the past-year prevalence of male-perpetrated intimate partner violence (IPV) and risk factors is essential for building evidence-based prevention and monitoring progress to Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 5.2, but so far, population-based research on this remains very limited. The objective of this study is to compare the population prevalence rates of past-year male-perpetrated IPV and nonpartner rape from women's and men's reports across 4 countries in Asia and the Pacific...
September 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871842/retraction-of-complaints-among-female-victims-of-intimate-partner-violence-living-in-poverty-in-nicaragua
#20
José Juan Vázquez, Esther Rivas, Alexia C Suarez, Sonia Panadero
Retraction among female victims of intimate partner violence (IPV) who report their abuser is a major problem in all societies. This article describes a study of 136 female victims of physical IPV living in poverty in Nicaragua, one of the countries with the lowest levels of development in Central America. This article analyses the aspects that differentiate women living in poverty who retracted after reporting IPV from those who did not. The results show that retraction is widespread among female victims of IPV living in poverty in León (Nicaragua)...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
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