keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Burn outcome measures

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776863/vitamin-d-in-burn-injured-patients
#1
REVIEW
Megan A Rech, Daniel Colon Hidalgo, Jennifer Larson, Sarah Zavala, Michael Mosier
Recently, many studies have demonstrated pleotropic effects of vitamin D, including immune modulation and cardiovascular system activity. Sufficient vitamin D concentrations and supplementation of vitamin D may be of benefit in burn-injured patients. Low 25(OH)D has been observed in nearly all pediatric and most adult burn patients. Vitamin D has primarily been studied in pediatric burn patients, focusing on bone marker measurements and the incidence of fractures. The preferred vitamin D dose, formulation, and route of administration remain unknown, and there is limited data on the impact of vitamin D status on clinical outcomes...
May 15, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776862/social-participation-social-support-and-body-image-in-the-first-year-of-rehabilitation-in-burn-survivors-a-longitudinal-three-wave-cross-lagged-panel-analysis-using-structural-equation-modeling
#2
Fardin Ajoudani, Madineh Jasemi, Mojgan Lotfi
INTRODUCTION: Psychosocial outcomes of burn survivors in the first year of rehabilitation are not well studied. Considering the interrelationships among psychosocial processes in burn survivors, we assessed three psychosocial variables (i.e., social support, social participation, and body image) simultaneously in a longitudinal study. AIMS: This study aimed at identifying the developmental trajectory of the main study variables and also discovering the causal pathways between social support, body image, and social participation of burn survivors in the first year of rehabilitation...
May 15, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770946/using-google-earth-to-assess-shade-for-sun-protection-in-urban-recreation-spaces-methods-and-results
#3
R Gage, N Wilson, L Signal, M Barr, C Mackay, A Reeder, G Thomson
Shade in public spaces can lower the risk of and sun burning and skin cancer. However, existing methods of auditing shade require travel between sites, and sunny weather conditions. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of free computer software-Google Earth-for assessing shade in urban open spaces. A shade projection method was developed that uses Google Earth street view and aerial images to estimate shade at solar noon on the summer solstice, irrespective of the date of image capture. Three researchers used the method to separately estimate shade cover over pre-defined activity areas in a sample of 45 New Zealand urban open spaces, including 24 playgrounds, 12 beaches and 9 outdoor pools...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762485/stress-induced-and-diabetic-hyperglycemia-associated-with-higher-mortality-among-intensive-care-unit-trauma-patients-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-propensity-score-matched-population
#4
Meng-Wei Chang, Chun-Ying Huang, Hang-Tsung Liu, Yi-Chun Chen, Ching-Hua Hsieh
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to measure the effect of stress-induced hyperglycemia (SIH) and diabetic hyperglycemia (DH) versus non-diabetic normoglycemia (NDN) on the outcomes of trauma patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: Diabetes mellitus (DM) was determined based on patient history and/or a hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) level of ≥6.5% at admission. The patients who had serum glucose levels of ≥200 mg/dL in the absence or presence of DM were assigned into the groups SIH and DH, respectively...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728283/reduced-incidence-of-feeding-tube-dislodgement-and-missed-feeds-in-burn-patients-with-nasal-bridle-securement
#5
Alexander Y Li, Kristine C Rustad, Chao Long, Emiko Rivera, Meghan Mendiola, Maaike Schenone, Yvonne L Karanas
INTRODUCTION: Feeding tubes in burn patients are at high risk for becoming dislodged as traditional tape securement does not adhere well to sloughed skin, resulting in nutrition delivery disruption and placing patients at increased risk for iatrogenic injury upon reinsertion. METHODS: Seventy-four patients admitted to our regional burn center requiring nasoenteric nutritional support were prospectively followed. Fourty-one patients received a nasal bridle while thirty-three received traditional tape and elastic dressings...
May 1, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724123/evidence-supporting-clinical-use-of-proportional-assist-ventilation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-clinical-trials
#6
Bharath Kumar Tirupakuzhi Vijayaraghavan, Shatha Hamed, Aditi Jain, Timothy Chimunda, Irene Telias, Jan O Friedrich, Karen E A Burns
BACKGROUND: While proportional assist ventilation (PAV), generates pressure in proportion to effort without a preselected target, proportional assist ventilation plus (PAV+) measures compliance and resistance, calculates work of breathing, and adjusts support to a preset assistance level. OBJECTIVE: To summarize randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing invasive or noninvasive PAV or PAV+ in critically ill patients. DATA SOURCES: We searched multiple databases to April 2017 without language restrictions and conference proceedings from 5 meetings to identify randomized parallel-group and crossover RCTs that compared invasive or noninvasive PAV or PAV+ to another mode in critically ill adults or children and reported at least 1 clinically important outcome...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700650/effect-of-metronidazole-ophthalmic-solution-on-corneal-neovascularization-in-a-rat-model
#7
Flor Diana Yokoay Claros-Chacaltana, Marcela Aldrovani, Karina Kamachi Kobashigawa, Ivan Ricardo Martinez Padua, Gisele Pereira Valdetaro, Alexandre Augusto Franchi de Barros Sobrinho, Thaís Guimarães Morato Abreu, José Luiz Laus
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of metronidazole ophthalmic solutions on corneal neovascularization (CNV) in a rat model. METHODS: A chemical burn was created in the right central cornea of 40 rats. Animals were randomized and distributed into four study groups (n = 10 rats per group) designated Met_0.1%, Met_0.5%, sham, and untreated groups. Chemical-burned corneas in the Met_0.1% and Met_0.5% groups received ophthalmic solutions of 0.1 and 0.5% metronidazole, respectively...
April 26, 2018: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690920/developing-a-core-outcome-set-for-people-living-with-dementia-at-home-in-their-neighbourhoods-and-communities-study-protocol-for-use-in-the-evaluation-of-non-pharmacological-community-based-health-and-social-care-interventions
#8
Andrew J E Harding, Hazel Morbey, Faraz Ahmed, Carol Opdebeeck, Ying-Ying Wang, Paula Williamson, Caroline Swarbrick, Iracema Leroi, David Challis, Linda Davies, David Reeves, Fiona Holland, Mark Hann, Ingrid Hellström, Lars-Christer Hydén, Alistair Burns, John Keady, Siobhan Reilly
BACKGROUND: The key aim of the study is to establish an agreed standardised core outcome set (COS) for use when evaluating non-pharmacological health and social care interventions for people living at home with dementia. METHODS/DESIGN: Drawing on the guidance and approaches of the Core Outcome Measures in Effectiveness Trials (COMET), this study uses a four-phase mixed-methods design: 1 Focus groups and interviews with key stakeholder groups (people living with dementia, care partners, relevant health and social care professionals, researchers and policymakers) and a review of the literature will be undertaken to build a long list of outcomes...
April 24, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684544/the-international-childhood-cardiovascular-cohort-i3c-consortium-outcomes-study-of-childhood-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-adult-cardiovascular-morbidity-and-mortality-design-and-recruitment
#9
Alan R Sinaiko, David R Jacobs, Jessica G Woo, Lydia Bazzano, Trudy Burns, Tian Hu, Markus Juonala, Ronald Prineas, Olli Raitakari, Julia Steinberger, Elaine Urbina, Alison Venn, Cashell Jaquish, Terry Dwyer
Although it is widely thought that childhood levels of cardiovascular (CV) risk factors are related to adult CV disease, longitudinal data directly linking the two are lacking. This paper describes the design and organization of the International Childhood Cardiovascular Cohort Consortium Outcomes Study (i3C Outcomes), the first longitudinal cohort study designed to locate adults with detailed, repeated, childhood biological, physical, and socioeconomic measurements and a harmonized database. I3C Outcomes uses a Heart Health Survey (HHS) to obtain information on adult CV endpoints, using mail, email, telephone, and clinic visits in the United States (U...
April 20, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673408/long-term-scar-quality-after-hydrosurgical-versus-conventional-debridement-of-deep-dermal-burns-hycon-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Catherine M Legemate, Harold Goei, Esther Middelkoop, Irma M M H Oen, Tim H J Nijhuis, Kelly A A Kwa, Paul P M van Zuijlen, Gerard I J M Beerthuizen, Marianne K Nieuwenhuis, Margriet E van Baar, Cornelis H van der Vlies
BACKGROUND: Deep dermal burns require tangential excision of non-viable tissue and skin grafting to improve wound healing and burn-scar quality. Tangential excision is conventionally performed with a knife, but during the last decade hydrosurgery has become popular as a new tool for tangential excision. Hydrosurgery is generally thought to be a more precise and controlled manner of burn debridement leading to preservation of viable tissue and, therefore, better scar quality. Although scar quality is considered to be one of the most important outcomes in burn surgery today, no randomized controlled study has compared the effect of these two common treatment modalities with scar quality as a primary outcome...
April 19, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670997/burn-survivors-pulmonary-and-muscular-impairment-exercise-tolerance-and-return-to-work-following-medical-vocational-rehabilitation-a-long-term-follow-up
#11
Viveca Björnhagen, Kristina Schüldt Ekholm, Flemming Larsen, Jan Ekholm
OBJECTIVE: To follow up the long-term outcome in return-to-work (RTW) rate in burn-injury patients, and to determine the degree of impairment in pulmonary and muscular function and exercise tolerance. DESIGN: A prospective, longitudinal follow-up study without a control group. PATIENTS: Twenty-five burn-injury patients referred for medical-vocational rehabilitation. METHODS: Return-to-work rate was followed after completed medical-vocational rehabilitation...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660161/the-fgf-23-klotho-axis-and-its-relationship-with-phosphorus-calcium-vitamin-d-pth-aldosterone-severity-of-disease-and-outcome-in-hospitalised-foals
#12
A M Kamr, K A Dembek, B E Hildreth, P R Morresey, R A Rathgeber, T A Burns, A A Zaghawa, R E Toribio
BACKGROUND: Fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23) and klotho are key regulators of vitamin D and parathyroid hormone (PTH) synthesis as well as phosphorus and calcium homeostasis; however, information on the FGF-23/klotho axis in healthy and hospitalised foals is lacking. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to measure serum FGF-23 and klotho concentrations and determine their association with serum phosphorus, total calcium (TCa), vitamin D metabolite [25(OH)D, 1,25(OH)2 D], PTH, and aldosterone concentrations, disease severity, and mortality in hospitalised foals...
April 16, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656511/neuropathic-pain-a-patient-centred-approach-to-measuring-outcomes
#13
Steve Hwang, Floortje van Nooten, Ted Wells, Aisling Ryan, Bruce Crawford, Christopher Evans, Marci English
BACKGROUND: Neuropathic pain (NP) is a complex, chronic pain state initiated by a primary lesion or dysfunction of the nervous system and presents as a variety of symptoms across multiple disease states. OBJECTIVE: To develop a patient-centred conceptual model of symptoms and impacts in subjects with diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) or post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN) that can inform the measurement strategy in clinical trials. METHOD: Thirty subjects with DPN or PHN participated in in-person interviews which were performed until saturation was achieved...
April 15, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649227/from-kitchen-to-classroom-assessing-the-impact-of-cleaner-burning-biomass-fuelled-cookstoves-on-primary-school-attendance-in-karonga-district-northern-malawi
#14
Christine A Kelly, Amelia C Crampin, Kevin Mortimer, Albert Dube, Jullita Malava, Deborah Johnston, Elaine Unterhalter, Judith R Glynn
Household air pollution from burning solid fuels is responsible for an estimated 2.9 million premature deaths worldwide each year and 4.5% of global disability-adjusted life years, while cooking and fuel collection pose a considerable time burden, particularly for women and children. Cleaner burning biomass-fuelled cookstoves have the potential to lower exposure to household air pollution as well as reduce fuelwood demand by increasing the combustion efficiency of cooking fires, which may in turn yield ancillary benefits in other domains...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610766/checking-procalcitonin-suitability-for-prognosis-and-antimicrobial-therapy-monitoring-in-burn-patients
#15
Luís Cabral, Vera Afreixo, Rita Meireles, Miguel Vaz, Catarina Chaves, Marisa Caetano, Luís Almeida, José Artur Paiva
Background: Due to greater infection susceptibility, sepsis is the main cause of death in burn patients. Quick diagnosis and patient stratification, early and appropriated antimicrobial therapy, and focus control are crucial for patients' survival. On the other hand, superfluous extension of therapy is associated with adverse events and arousal of microbial resistance. The use of biomarkers, necessarily coupled with close clinical examination, may predict outcomes, stratifying patients who need more intensive care, and monitor the efficacy of antimicrobial therapy, allowing faster de-escalation or stop, reducing the development of resistance and possibly the financial burden, without increasing mortality...
2018: Burns and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601281/the-feasibility-of-goal-attainment-scaling-to-measure-case-resolution-in-elder-abuse-and-neglect-adult-protective-services-intervention
#16
David Burnes, Marie-Therese Connolly, Ricker Hamilton, Mark S Lachs
OBJECTIVES: This pilot study describes implementation procedures of goal attainment scaling (GAS) and examines the feasibility of using GAS to measure the multifarious intervention outcome of case resolution in elder mistreatment (EM) adult protective services (APS). METHODS: Substantiated EM victims (n = 27) were recruited prospectively from the State of Maine APS. An adapted GAS approach was implemented involving development of a pre-populated goal scale menu and web-based GAS application...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596648/quantification-of-an-exercise-rehabilitation-program-for-severely-burned-children-the-standard-of-care-at-shriners-hospitals-for-children%C3%A2-galveston
#17
Eric Rivas, David N Herndon, Janos Cambiaso-Daniel, Victoria G Rontoyanni, Craig Porter, Shauna Glover, Oscar E Suman
Introduction: Currently, there are no clear guidelines for the implementation of rehabilitative exercise training (RET) in burned individuals. Therefore, we quantified the training logs for exercise intensity, frequency, and duration of 6 weeks of this program in order to develop a basic framework for outpatient RET in patients recovering from severe burns. Methods: Thirty-three children (11 female, [mean±SD] 12±3 years, 145±18 cm, 40±11 kg, 49±31 BMI percentile) with severe burns (49±15% total body surface area burned, with 35±22% third-degree burns) completed our 6-week resistance and aerobic exercise training program...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581095/the-presence-of-diabetes-and-higher-hba-1c-are-independently-associated-with-adverse-outcomes-after-surgery
#18
Priscilla H Yong, Laurence Weinberg, Niloufar Torkamani, Leonid Churilov, Raymond J Robbins, Ronald Ma, Rinaldo Bellomo, Que T Lam, James D Burns, Graeme K Hart, Jeremy F Lew, Johan Mårtensson, David Story, Andrew N Motley, Douglas Johnson, Jeffrey D Zajac, Elif I Ekinci
OBJECTIVE: Limited studies have examined the association between diabetes and HbA1c with postoperative outcomes. We investigated the association of diabetes, defined categorically and HbA1c as a continuous measure, with postoperative outcomes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In this prospective, observational study, we measured the HbA1c of surgical inpatients age ≥54 years at a tertiary hospital between May 2013 and January 2016. Patients were diagnosed with diabetes if they had preexisting diabetes or an HbA1c ≥6...
March 26, 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580195/sex-differences-in-the-association-between-gaming-and-serious-violence-among-predominantly-african-american-youth
#19
Jason E Goldstick, Jessica S Roche, Patrick M Carter, Brooke J Arterberry, Erin E Bonar, Maureen A Walton, Marc Zimmerman, Rebecca M Cunningham
Video gaming, a remarkably popular hobby in the United States, has been consistently identified as a correlate of aggressive behavior, and this association is not limited to violent video gaming. Prior studies of sex differences in the association between video gaming and aggression have not controlled for other well-known violence correlates (e.g., substance use, community violence exposure, violence attitudes) or focused primarily on high-risk youth. In this study, we used data from an emergency department in Flint, Michigan ( N = 409, 59...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574036/prognostic-scoring-system-for-patients-undergoing-reconstructive-foot-and-ankle-surgery-for-charcot-neuroarthropathy-the-charcot-reconstruction-preoperative-prognostic-score
#20
David Rettedal, Alissa Parker, Adam Popchak, Patrick R Burns
Charcot neuroarthropathy is a destructive process that occurs in patients with peripheral neuropathy, often due to poorly controlled diabetes mellitus. Surgical reconstruction can be necessary to provide a plantigrade foot that is wound free. A risk of major amputation exists after a Charcot event and after attempted reconstruction. We retrospectively reviewed the data from 34 patients (36 reconstructions) who had undergone reconstructive surgery for Charcot neuroarthropathy. The mean patient age was 56.44 years...
May 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
keyword
keyword
49827
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"