keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

musicians

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126181/childhood-music-training-induces-change-in-micro-and-macroscopic-brain-structure-results-from-a-longitudinal-study
#1
Assal Habibi, Antonio Damasio, Beatriz Ilari, Ryan Veiga, Anand A Joshi, Richard M Leahy, Justin P Haldar, Divya Varadarajan, Chitresh Bhushan, Hanna Damasio
Several studies comparing adult musicians and nonmusicians have shown that music training is associated with structural brain differences. It is not been established, however, whether such differences result from pre-existing biological traits, lengthy musical training, or an interaction of the two factors, or if comparable changes can be found in children undergoing music training. As part of an ongoing longitudinal study, we investigated the effects of music training on the developmental trajectory of children's brain structure, over two years, beginning at age 6...
November 8, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122368/the-parietal-opercular-auditory-sensorimotor-network-in-musicians-a-resting-state-fmri-study
#2
Shoji Tanaka, Eiji Kirino
Auditory-sensorimotor coupling is critical for musical performance, during which auditory and somatosensory feedback signals are used to ensure desired outputs. Previous studies reported opercular activation in subjects performing or listening to music. A functional connectivity analysis suggested the parietal operculum (PO) as a connector hub that links auditory, somatosensory, and motor cortical areas. We therefore examined whether this PO network differs between musicians and non-musicians. We analyzed resting-state PO functional connectivity with Heschl's gyrus (HG), the planum temporale (PT), the precentral gyrus (preCG), and the postcentral gyrus (postCG) in 35 musicians and 35 non-musicians...
November 6, 2017: Brain and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119958/-the-experience-with-the-application-of-ozone-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-periodontitis-in-musicians-instrumentalists
#3
A V Kislitsyna, A G Volkov, N Zh Dikopova, S S Akhmedbaeva, A L Shishmareva
Playing various musical instruments is the cause of an additional load that affects the condition of dentition and of all organs and body systems at large. Each group of instruments is known to exert a specific impact on the health of the musicians including the undesirable influence on the state of thir oral cavity, such as a change of occlusion and irritation of oral mucosa. Taken together, these effects contribute to the development of periodontal disease, one of the most common dental disorders. AIM: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of ozone therapy conducted with the use of the generator producing ozone under effect of ultraviolet radiation for the treatment of periodontitis in musicians-instrumentalists...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117296/polygenic-risk-of-spasmodic-dysphonia-is-associated-with-vulnerable-sensorimotor-connectivity
#4
Gregory Garbès Putzel, Giovanni Battistella, Anna F Rumbach, Laurie J Ozelius, Mert R Sabuncu, Kristina Simonyan
Spasmodic dysphonia (SD), or laryngeal dystonia, is an isolated task-specific dystonia of unknown causes and pathophysiology that selectively affects speech production. Using next-generation whole-exome sequencing in SD patients, we computed polygenic risk score from 1804 genetic markers based on a genome-wide association study in another form of similar task-specific focal dystonia, musician's dystonia. We further examined the associations between the polygenic risk score, resting-state functional connectivity abnormalities within the sensorimotor network, and SD clinical characteristics...
November 19, 2016: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115305/correction-confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-the-finnish-job-content-questionnaire-jcq-in-590-professional-musicians
#5
(no author information available yet)
In some points in the article, the "repetitive work" should have been read "opinions influential." The current version of the article on the Journal Web site and the MEDLINE records are correct.
October 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113947/diffusion-tensor-and-volumetric-magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings-in-the-brains-of-professional-musicians
#6
Niyazi Acer, Serap Bastepe-Gray, Ayse Sagiroglu, Kazim Z Gumus, Levent Degirmencioglu, Gokmen Zararsiz, Muhammet Usame Ozic
Professional musicians represent an ideal model to study the training-induced brain plasticity. The current study aimed to investigate the brain volume and diffusion characteristics of musicians using structural magnetic resonance and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). The combined use of volumetric and diffusion methods in studying musician brain has not been done in literature. Our study group consisted of seven male musicians playing an instrument and seven age- and gender-matched non-musicians. We evaluated the volumes of gray matter (GM), white matter (WM), and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and calculated total intracranial volume (TIV) and measured the fractional anisotropy (FA) of pre-selected WM bundles: corpus callosum (CC), corticospinal tract (CST), superior longitudinal fasciculus (SLF), forceps major (ForMaj), forceps minor (ForMin), and arcuate fasciculus (AF)...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105247/increased-functional-connectivity-in-the-ventral-and-dorsal-streams-during-retrieval-of-novel-words-in-professional-musicians
#7
Eva Dittinger, Seyed Abolfazl Valizadeh, Lutz Jäncke, Mireille Besson, Stefan Elmer
Current models of speech and language processing postulate the involvement of two parallel processing streams (the dual stream model): a ventral stream involved in mapping sensory and phonological representations onto lexical and conceptual representations and a dorsal stream contributing to sound-to-motor mapping, articulation, and to how verbal information is encoded and manipulated in memory. Based on previous evidence showing that music training has an influence on language processing, cognitive functions, and word learning, we examined EEG-based intracranial functional connectivity in the ventral and dorsal streams while musicians and nonmusicians learned the meaning of novel words through picture-word associations...
November 3, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104291/a-unifying-motor-control-framework-for-task-specific-dystonia
#8
REVIEW
Anna Sadnicka, Katja Kornysheva, John C Rothwell, Mark J Edwards
Task-specific dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by a painless loss of dexterity specific to a particular motor skill. This disorder is prevalent among writers, musicians, dancers and athletes. No current treatment is predictably effective, and the disorder generally ends the careers of affected individuals. Traditional disease models of dystonia have a number of limitations with regard to task-specific dystonia. We therefore discuss emerging evidence that the disorder has its origins within normal compensatory mechanisms of a healthy motor system in which the representation and reproduction of motor skill are disrupted...
November 6, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103407/musical-interests-and-talent-twin-jazz-musicians-and-twin-studies-twin-research-loss-of-a-preterm-multiple-conjoined-twin-conception-depression-in-fathers-of-twins-twin-to-twin-transfusion-syndrome-twin-news-high-achieving-twins-twin-children-of-a-tennis-star
#9
Nancy L Segal
Findings from twin studies of musical interests and talent are reviewed as a backdrop to the lives and careers of twin jazz musicians, Peter and Will Anderson. The Anderson twins exemplify many aspects of twin research, namely their matched musical abilities, shared musical interests, and common career. This overview is followed by reviews of studies and case reports of bereavement in families who have lost a preterm multiple birth infant, the conception of conjoined twins following in vitro fertilization (IVF), depression in fathers of twins, and twin-to-twin transfusion incidence in monochorionic-diamniotic IVF twin pairs...
November 6, 2017: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102231/the-effects-of-musician-s-earplugs-on-acoustic-and-perceptual-measures-of-choral-and-solo-sound
#10
Sheri L Cook-Cunningham
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this investigation was to assess the effects of earplugs on acoustical and perceptual measures of choral and solo sound. METHODS: The researcher tested the effects of musician's earplugs on choral and solo timbre and singer perceptions. Members of an intact women's university choir recorded Dona Nobis Pacem under two conditions, no earplugs and with earplugs over time. Approximately half of the choir members also participated as soloists, recording Over the Rainbow under the same two conditions...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096539/the-role-of-participatory-music-making-in-supporting-people-with-dementia-in-hospital-environments
#11
Norma Daykin, Barbara Parry, Kerry Ball, David Walters, Ann Henry, Bronwyn Platten, Rachel Hayden
Background Improving the quality of care for people with dementia in general hospitals is a key priority. Creative activities including music have been examined for their potential role in enhancing quality of life for people with dementia, although relatively few studies have evaluated their use in acute hospital settings. Methods A mixed methods study examined the effects of a ten week period of weekly music sessions on the wellbeing of patients with dementia and on the ward environment in an acute elderly care service in a UK hospital...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093935/music-performance-anxiety-in-classical-musicians-what-we-know-about-what-works
#12
Raluca Matei, Jane Ginsborg
When pursued professionally, the demands of musical training and performance can interfere with musicians' well-being and health. Music performance anxiety, while energising at optimal levels, impairs performance quality when excessive. A range of interventions has been explored to address it. However, the poor methodological quality of such studies and the complexity of this issue should mobilise further research resources in this direction.
May 2017: BJPsych Int
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092612/similar-abilities-of-musicians-and-non-musicians-to-segregate-voices-by-fundamental-frequency
#13
Mickael L D Deroche, Charles J Limb, Monita Chatterjee, Vincent L Gracco
Musicians can sometimes achieve better speech recognition in noisy backgrounds than non-musicians, a phenomenon referred to as the "musician advantage effect." In addition, musicians are known to possess a finer sense of pitch than non-musicians. The present study examined the hypothesis that the latter fact could explain the former. Four experiments measured speech reception threshold for a target voice against speech or non-speech maskers. Although differences in fundamental frequency (ΔF0s) were shown to be beneficial even when presented to opposite ears (experiment 1), the authors' attempt to maximize their use by directing the listener's attention to the target F0 led to unexpected impairments (experiment 2) and the authors' attempt to hinder their use by generating uncertainty about the competing F0s led to practically negligible effects (experiments 3 and 4)...
October 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092592/effects-of-test-method-and-participant-musical-training-on-preference-ratings-of-stimuli-with-different-reverberation-times
#14
Martin S Lawless, Michelle C Vigeant
Selecting an appropriate listening test design for concert hall research depends on several factors, including listening test method and participant critical-listening experience. Although expert listeners afford more reliable data, their perceptions may not be broadly representative. The present paper contains two studies that examined the validity and reliability of the data obtained from two listening test methods, a successive and a comparative method, and two types of participants, musicians and non-musicians...
October 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075210/rhythmic-density-affects-listeners-emotional-response-to-microtiming
#15
Olivier Senn, Claudia Bullerjahn, Lorenz Kilchenmann, Richard von Georgi
Microtiming has been assumed to be vital for the experience of groove, but past research presented conflicting results: some studies found that microtiming is irrelevant for groove, others reported that microtiming has a detrimental effect on the groove experience, yet others described circumstances under which microtiming has no negative impact on groove. The three studies in this paper aim at explaining some of these discrepancies by clarifying to what extent listeners' emotional responses to microtiming depend on the distribution of microtiming deviations across instrumental parts (voicing) or other moderating factors like tempo or rhythmic density...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068861/prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-tinnitus-and-tinnitus-related-handicap-in-a-college-aged-population
#16
Ishan Sunilkumar Bhatt
OBJECTIVE: Tinnitus is a common otological condition that affects almost 10% of US adults. Research suggests that college students are vulnerable to tinnitus and hearing loss as they are exposed to traumatic levels of noise on a regular basis. Tinnitus and its influence in daily living continue to be underappreciated in the college-aged population. Therefore, the objective for the present study was to analyze prevalence and associated risk factors of tinnitus and tinnitus-related handicap in a sample of college-aged students...
October 24, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067431/lear-as-an-aging-musician
#17
Thomas Dorsett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066983/fit-to-perform-an-investigation-of-higher-education-music-students-perceptions-attitudes-and-behaviors-toward-health
#18
Liliana S Araújo, David Wasley, Rosie Perkins, Louise Atkins, Emma Redding, Jane Ginsborg, Aaron Williamon
Making music at the highest international standards can be rewarding, but it is also challenging, with research highlighting pernicious ways in which practicing and performing can affect performers' health and wellbeing. Several studies indicate that music students' perceptions, attitudes, and behaviors toward health and healthy living are less than optimal, especially considering the multiple physical and psychological demands of their day-to-day work. This article presents the results of a comprehensive screening protocol that investigated lifestyle and health-related attitudes and behaviors among 483 undergraduate and postgraduate students (mean age = 21...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057844/functional-characterization-of-rare-rab12-variants-and-their-role-in-musician-s-and-other-dystonias
#19
REVIEW
Eva Hebert, Friederike Borngräber, Alexander Schmidt, Aleksandar Rakovic, Ingrid Brænne, Anne Weissbach, Jennie Hampf, Eva-Juliane Vollstedt, Leopold Größer, Susen Schaake, Michaela Müller, Humera Manzoor, Hans-Christian Jabusch, Daniel Alvarez-Fischer, Meike Kasten, Vladimir S Kostic, Thomas Gasser, Kirsten E Zeuner, Han-Joon Kim, Beomseok Jeon, Peter Bauer, Eckart Altenmüller, Christine Klein, Katja Lohmann
Mutations in RAB (member of the Ras superfamily) genes are increasingly recognized as cause of a variety of disorders including neurological conditions. While musician's dystonia (MD) and writer's dystonia (WD) are task-specific movement disorders, other dystonias persistently affect postures as in cervical dystonia. Little is known about the underlying etiology. Next-generation sequencing revealed a rare missense variant (c.586A>G; p.Ile196Val) in RAB12 in two of three MD/WD families. Next, we tested 916 additional dystonia patients; 512 Parkinson's disease patients; and 461 healthy controls for RAB12 variants and identified 10 additional carriers of rare missense changes among dystonia patients (1...
October 18, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052757/variation-in-occupational-exposure-associated-with-musculoskeletal-complaints-a-cross-sectional-study-among-professional-bassists
#20
Kees H Woldendorp, Anne M Boonstra, J Hans Arendzen, Michiel F Reneman
BACKGROUND: Variation in occupational exposure is assumed to have a protective effect against the development of musculoskeletal complaints (MSC), but this common assumption is not strongly supported by the literature. Among musicians, who have a high prevalence of MSC, many play more than one type of instrument (multi-instrumentalism) for many hours a day. Since multi-instrumentalism implies greater variation in ergonomic load of specific musculoskeletal areas than mono-instrumentalism, musicians are a suitable study population to test whether the above assumption is true...
October 20, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
keyword
keyword
49819
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"