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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523983/ear-advantage-for-musical-location-and-relative-pitch-effects-of-musical-training-and-attention
#1
Joanna L Hutchison, Timothy L Hubbard, Nicholas A Hubbard, Bart Rypma
Trained musicians have been found to exhibit a right-ear advantage for high tones and a left-ear advantage for low tones. We investigated whether this right/high, left/low pattern of musical processing advantage exists in listeners who had varying levels of musical experience, and whether such a pattern might be modulated by attentional strategy. A dichotic listening paradigm was used in which different melodic sequences were presented to each ear, and listeners attended to (a) the left ear or the right ear or (b) the higher pitched tones or the lower pitched tones...
June 2017: Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521542/the-association-between-singing-and-or-playing-a-musical-instrument-and-cognitive-functions-in-older-adults
#2
D Mansens, D J H Deeg, H C Comijs
OBJECTIVES: Cognitive decline happens to everyone when aging, but to some more than others. Studies with children, adults, and professional musicians suggest that making music could be associated with better cognitive functioning. In older adults however, this association is less well investigated, which is therefore the aim of this study. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study data from 1101 participants aged 64 and older from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam were used...
May 19, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515706/research-priorities-in-limb-and-task-specific-dystonias
#3
REVIEW
Sarah Pirio Richardson, Eckart Altenmüller, Katharine Alter, Ron L Alterman, Robert Chen, Steven Frucht, Shinichi Furuya, Joseph Jankovic, H A Jinnah, Teresa J Kimberley, Codrin Lungu, Joel S Perlmutter, Cecília N Prudente, Mark Hallett
Dystonia, which causes intermittent or sustained abnormal postures and movements, can present in a focal or a generalized manner. In the limbs, focal dystonia can occur in either the upper or lower limbs and may be task-specific causing abnormal motor performance for only a specific task, such as in writer's cramp, runner's dystonia, or musician's dystonia. Focal limb dystonia can be non-task-specific and may, in some circumstances, be associated with parkinsonian disorders. The true prevalence of focal limb dystonia is not known and is likely currently underestimated, leaving a knowledge gap and an opportunity for future research...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510682/musician-s-focal-dystonia
#4
Joanna White
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487662/eye-of-the-beholder-stage-entrance-behavior-and-facial-expression-affect-continuous-quality-ratings-in-music-performance
#5
George Waddell, Aaron Williamon
Judgments of music performance quality are commonly employed in music practice, education, and research. However, previous studies have demonstrated the limited reliability of such judgments, and there is now evidence that extraneous visual, social, and other "non-musical" features can unduly influence them. The present study employed continuous measurement techniques to examine how the process of forming a music quality judgment is affected by the manipulation of temporally specific visual cues. Video footage comprising an appropriate stage entrance and error-free performance served as the standard condition (Video 1)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484007/body-sway-reflects-leadership-in-joint-music-performance
#6
Andrew Chang, Steven R Livingstone, Dan J Bosnyak, Laurel J Trainor
The cultural and technological achievements of the human species depend on complex social interactions. Nonverbal interpersonal coordination, or joint action, is a crucial element of social interaction, but the dynamics of nonverbal information flow among people are not well understood. We used joint music making in string quartets, a complex, naturalistic nonverbal behavior, as a model system. Using motion capture, we recorded body sway simultaneously in four musicians, which reflected real-time interpersonal information sharing...
May 8, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483170/-did-mozart-suffer-from-gilles-de-la-tourette-syndrome
#7
Leonardo Palacios-Sánchez, Juan Sebastián Botero-Meneses, Laura Daniela Vergara-Méndez, Natalia Pachón, Arianna Martínez, Santiago Ramírez
The personal and private lives of great men and women in history, like writers, painters and musicians, have been the subject of great interest for many years. A clear example of this is the vast scrutiny is cast over the famous composer, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. What may have started as curiosity, rapidly evolved into extensive research, as the answers about the musician's legendary talent may lie in the details of his life (his childhood, his relationships, his quirks and his mannerisms). It is usually up to historians, anthropologists or philosophers to delve into the pages of old books, trying to grasp answers and clues...
April 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481006/resting-state-functional-connectivity-of-the-ventral-auditory-pathway-in-musicians-with-absolute-pitch
#8
Seung-Goo Kim, Thomas R Knösche
Absolute pitch (AP) is the ability to recognize pitch chroma of tonal sound without external references, providing a unique model of the human auditory system (Zatorre: Nat Neurosci 6 () 692-695). In a previous study (Kim and Knösche: Hum Brain Mapp () 3486-3501), we identified enhanced intracortical myelination in the right planum polare (PP) in musicians with AP, which could be a potential site for perceptional processing of pitch chroma information. We speculated that this area, which initiates the ventral auditory pathway, might be crucially involved in the perceptual stage of the AP process in the context of the "dual pathway hypothesis" that suggests the role of the ventral pathway in processing nonspatial information related to the identity of an auditory object (Rauschecker: Eur J Neurosci 41 () 579-585)...
May 8, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472414/evidence-based-review-on-temporomandibular-disorders-among-musicians
#9
M K A van Selms, J Ahlberg, F Lobbezoo, C M Visscher
Background: Playing a musical instrument that loads the masticatory system has frequently been linked to temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). Previous literature reviews on this topic do not conform to the current standards of evidence-based medicine. Aims: To investigate the effects of playing a musical instrument (i.e. violin/viola and wind instruments) or singing on the presence of TMDs, based on evidence derived from observational studies. Methods: Databases of Medline, Web of Science and Google Scholar were searched using MeSH and other relevant terms...
May 3, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471291/thomas-mann-s-depiction-of-neurosyphilis-and-other-diseases
#10
François Boller, Nicoletta Caputi
Thomas Mann (1875-1955), a Nobel Prize recipient rightly considered one of the great novelists of the twentieth century, was one of the most medically perceptive writers of recent times. His novels take place against the background of the different plagues (tuberculosis, cholera) that characterized the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. One of Mann's later novels, Doctor Faustus, is set against a background of syphilis. In the 500-page book, which is subtitled The Life of the German Composer Adrian Leverkühn as told by a Friend, we see the theologian turned composer make a pact with the devil...
May 4, 2017: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471285/transient-evoked-otoacoustic-emissions-in-rock-musicians
#11
Erik Harry Høydal, Carl Christian Lein Størmer, Einar Laukli, Niels Christian Stenklev
OBJECTIVE: Our focus in this study was the assessment of transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) in a large group of rock musicians. A further objective was to analyse tinnitus among rock musicians as related to TEOAEs. DESIGN: The study was a cross-sectional survey of rock musicians selected at random. A control group was included at random for comparison. STUDY SAMPLE: We recruited 111 musicians and a control group of 40 non-musicians...
May 4, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466572/profiling-the-location-and-extent-of-musicians-pain-using-digital-pain-drawings
#12
Cinzia Cruder, Deborah Falla, Francesca Mangili, Laura Azzimonti, Liliana S Araújo, Aaron Williamon, Marco Barbero
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: According to the existing literature, musicians are at risk to experience a range of musculoskeletal painful conditions. Recently, digital technology has been developed to investigate pain location and pain extent. The aim of this study was to describe pain location and pain extent in musicians using a digital method for pain drawing analysis. Additionally, the association between pain drawing (PD) variables and clinical features in musicians with pain were explored...
May 2, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464656/perceptual-evaluation-of-violins-a-psycholinguistic-analysis-of-preference-verbal-descriptions-by-experienced-musicians
#13
Charalampos Saitis, Claudia Fritz, Gary P Scavone, Catherine Guastavino, Danièle Dubois
In this paper, how the notion of violin quality is conveyed in spontaneous verbalizations by experienced violinists during preference judgments is investigated. The aims of the study were to better understand how musicians conceptualize violin quality, what aspects of the sound and the playing experience are essential, and what associations are formed between perceptual evaluation and physical description. Upon comparing violins of varying make and age, players were interviewed about their preferences using open-ended questions...
April 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464638/effect-of-a-chamber-orchestra-on-direct-sound-and-early-reflections-for-performers-on-stage-a-boundary-element-method-study
#14
Lilyan Panton, Damien Holloway, Densil Cabrera
Early reflections are known to be important to musicians performing on stage, but acoustic measurements are usually made on empty stages. This work investigates how a chamber orchestra setup on stage affects early reflections from the stage enclosure. A boundary element method (BEM) model of a chamber orchestra is validated against full scale measurements with seated and standing subjects in an anechoic chamber and against auditorium measurements, demonstrating that the BEM simulation gives realistic results...
April 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461386/science-and-culture-musicians-join-scientists-to-explore-data-through-sound
#15
Carolyn Beans
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461217/multisensory-integration-in-short-term-memory-musicians-do-rock
#16
Avigael M Aizenman, Jason M Gold, Robert Sekuler
Demonstrated interactions between seeing and hearing led us to assess the link between music training and short-term memory for auditory, visual and audiovisual sequences of rapidly presented, quasi-random components. Visual sequences' components varied in luminance; auditory sequences' components varied in frequency. Concurrent components in audiovisual sequences were either congruent (the frequency of an auditory item increased monotonically with the luminance of the visual item it accompanied), or incongruent (an item's frequency was uncorrelated with luminance of the item it accompanied)...
April 29, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460215/mirror-neuron-activation-of-musicians-and-non-musicians-in-response-to-motion-captured-piano-performances
#17
Jiancheng Hou, Ravi Rajmohan, Dan Fang, Karl Kashfi, Kareem Al-Khalil, James Yang, William Westney, Cynthia M Grund, Michael W O'Boyle
Mirror neurons (MNs) activate when performing an action and when an observer witnesses the same action performed by another individual. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and presentation of motion captured piano performances were used to identify differences in MN activation for musicians/non-musicians when viewing piano pieces played in a "Correct" mode (i.e., emphasis on technical correctness) or an "Enjoyment" mode (i.e., simply told to "enjoy" playing the piece). Results showed greater MN activation in a variety of brain regions for musicians, with these differences more pronounced in the "Enjoyment" mode...
April 28, 2017: Brain and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449277/expertise-shapes-domain-specific-functional-cerebral-asymmetry-during-mental-imagery-the-case-of-culinary-arts-and-music
#18
Moustafa Bensafi, Arnaud Fournel, Pauline Joussain, Johan Poncelet, Lauranne Przybylski
Mental imagery in experts has been documented in visual arts, music and dance. Here, we examined this issue in an understudied art domain, namely culinary arts. Previous research investigating mental imagery in experts has reported either a stronger involvement of the right hemisphere or bilateral brain activation. The first aim of our study was to examine whether culinary arts also recruit such a hemispheric pattern specifically during odor mental imagery. In a second aim, we investigated whether expertise effects observed in a given sensory domain transfer to another modality...
April 27, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446864/neural-entrainment-to-polyrhythms-a-comparison-of-musicians-and-non-musicians
#19
Jan Stupacher, Guilherme Wood, Matthias Witte
Music can be thought of as a dynamic path over time. In most cases, the rhythmic structure of this path, such as specific sequences of strong and weak beats or recurring patterns, allows us to predict what and particularly when sounds are going to happen. Without this ability we would not be able to entrain body movements to music, like we do when we dance. By combining EEG and behavioral measures, the current study provides evidence illustrating the importance of ongoing neural oscillations at beat-related frequencies-i...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443012/the-posterior-parietal-cortex-subserves-precise-motor-timing-in-professional-drummers
#20
Bettina Pollok, Katharina Stephan, Ariane Keitel, Vanessa Krause, Nora K Schaal
The synchronization task is a well-established paradigm for the investigation of motor timing with respect to an external pacing signal. It requires subjects to synchronize their finger taps in synchrony with a regular metronome. A specific significance of the posterior parietal cortex (PPC) for superior synchronization in professional drummers has been suggested. In non-musicians, modulation of the excitability of the left PPC by means of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) modulates synchronization performance of the right hand...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
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