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schizophrenia nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037327/low-dietary-intake-of-n-3-fatty-acids-niacin-folate-and-vitamin-c-in-korean-patients-with-schizophrenia-and-the-development-of-dietary-guidelines-for-schizophrenia
#1
Eun Jin Kim, So Young Lim, Hee Jae Lee, Ju-Yeon Lee, Seunggi Choi, Seon-Young Kim, Jae-Min Kim, Il-Seon Shin, Jin-Sang Yoon, Soo Jin Yang, Sung-Wan Kim
Inappropriate dietary intake and poor nutritional status are reported to be associated with metabolic syndrome and psychopathology in patients with schizophrenia. We hypothesized that inappropriate dietary habits and insufficient dietary intake of specific nutrients are associated with schizophrenia. To test the hypothesis, we assessed the dietary habits and nutritional intake of patients with schizophrenia and then developed suitable dietary guidelines. In total, 140 subjects (73 controls and 67 patients with schizophrenia from community mental health centers) were included, and dietary intakes were analyzed using a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire...
September 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016469/relationship-between-lifestyles-that-promote-health-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-chronic-schizophrenia-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Shih-Pi Lin, Chieh-Yu Liu, Chiu-Yueh Yang
BACKGROUND: Over the last few decades, an increasing number of studies have examined quality of life in patients with chronic schizophrenia. However, little research has addressed the relationship between lifestyles that promote health and quality of life issues in these patients. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between lifestyles that promote health and quality of life in patients with chronic schizophrenia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942748/nutritional-psychiatry-the-present-state-of-the-evidence
#3
Wolfgang Marx, Genevieve Moseley, Michael Berk, Felice Jacka
Mental illness, including depression, anxiety and bipolar disorder, accounts for a significant proportion of global disability and poses a substantial social, economic and heath burden. Treatment is presently dominated by pharmacotherapy, such as antidepressants, and psychotherapy, such as cognitive behavioural therapy; however, such treatments avert less than half of the disease burden, suggesting that additional strategies are needed to prevent and treat mental disorders. There are now consistent mechanistic, observational and interventional data to suggest diet quality may be a modifiable risk factor for mental illness...
November 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859580/simulated-effects-of-policies-to-reduce-diabetes-risk-among-adults-with-schizophrenia-receiving-antipsychotics
#4
Andrew W Mulcahy, Sharon-Lise Normand, John W Newcomer, Benjamin Colaiaco, Julie M Donohue, Judith R Lave, Emmett Keeler, Mark J Sorbero, Marcela Horvitz-Lennon
OBJECTIVE: Second-generation antipsychotics increase the risk of diabetes and other metabolic conditions among individuals with schizophrenia. Although metabolic testing is recommended to reduce this risk, low testing rates have prompted concerns about negative health consequences and downstream medical costs. This study simulated the effect of increasing metabolic testing rates on ten-year prevalence rates of prediabetes and diabetes (diabetes conditions) and their associated health care costs...
September 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751584/kynurenines-tryptophan-s-metabolites-in-exercise-inflammation-and-mental-health
#5
REVIEW
Igor Cervenka, Leandro Z Agudelo, Jorge L Ruas
Kynurenine metabolites are generated by tryptophan catabolism and regulate biological processes that include host-microbiome signaling, immune cell response, and neuronal excitability. Enzymes of the kynurenine pathway are expressed in different tissues and cell types throughout the body and are regulated by cues, including nutritional and inflammatory signals. As a consequence of this systemic metabolic integration, peripheral inflammation can contribute to accumulation of kynurenine in the brain, which has been associated with depression and schizophrenia...
July 28, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687307/altered-neurobiological-function-of-brainstem-hypoglossal-neurons-in-digeorge-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome
#6
Xin Wang, Corey Bryan, Anthony-Samuel LaMantia, David Mendelowitz
DiGeorge/22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome (22q11DS) is a common genetic microdeletion syndrome that underlies several neurodevelopmental disorders including autism, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and schizophrenia. In addition to cognitive impairments, those with 22q11DS have disrupted feeding and swallowing from birth onward. This perinatal dysphagia significantly compromises nutritional status, impairs appropriate weight gain, and can lead to life threatening aspiration-based infections. Appropriately timed excitation and inhibition of brainstem hypoglossal motor neurons, which innervate tongue muscles, is essential for proper feeding and swallowing...
September 17, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526280/an-overview-of-medical-risk-factors-for-childhood-psychosis-implications-for-research-and-treatment
#7
REVIEW
Marianna Giannitelli, Angèle Consoli, Marie Raffin, Renaud Jardri, Douglas F Levinson, David Cohen, Claudine Laurent-Levinson
OBJECTIVE: Psychotic disorders in childhood and early adolescence often progress to chronic schizophrenia, but in many cases there are diagnosable medical and genetic causes or risk factors. We reviewed our clinical experience and the relevant literature to identify these factors and to define their clinical features, appropriate work-up and treatment. METHOD: We reviewed the results of comprehensive medical evaluations of 160 psychotic children and adolescents in our center...
May 16, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513779/the-preventive-effects-of-ascorbic-acid-supplementation-on-locomotor-and-acetylcholinesterase-activity-in-an-animal-model-of-schizophrenia-induced-by-ketamine
#8
Louyse S Damazio, Flávia R Silveira, Lara Canever, Adalberto A DE Castro, Jadne M Estrela, Josiane Budni, Alexandra I Zugno
Studies have shown that schizophrenic patients seem to have nutritional deficiencies. Ascorbic acid (AA) has an important antioxidant effect and neuromodulatory properties. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of AA on locomotor activity and the acetylcholinesterase activity (AChE) in an animal model of schizophrenia (SZ). Rats were supplemented with AA (0.1, 1, or 10 mg/kg), or water for 14 days (gavage). Between the 9th and 15th days, the animals received Ketamine (Ket) (25 mg/kg) or saline (i...
May 15, 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442246/prognostic-impact-of-nutritional-risk-assessment-in-patients-with-chronic-schizophrenia
#9
Ming-Tsun Tsai, Tien-Hao Chang, Bo-Jian Wu
Protein-energy wasting is associated with poor outcome in various clinical settings. However, the prevalence of malnutrition and the prognostic impact of nutritional status are poorly understood in institutionalized patients with chronic schizophrenia. This study aimed to assess the predictive ability of the Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index and Onodera's Prognostic Nutritional Index for long-term outcomes in patients with chronic schizophrenia. All measurements, including nutritional scores, were performed at baseline after the enrollment of 542 (64...
April 22, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419586/a-review-of-the-nutritional-challenges-experienced-by-people-living-with-severe-mental-illness-a-role-for-dietitians-in-addressing-physical-health-gaps
#10
REVIEW
S B Teasdale, K Samaras, T Wade, R Jarman, P B Ward
People experiencing a severe mental illness (SMI), such as schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, bipolar affective disorder or depression with psychotic features, have a 20-year mortality gap compared to the general population. This 'scandal of premature mortality' is primarily driven by preventable cardiometabolic disease, and recent research suggests that the mortality gap is widening. Multidisciplinary mental health teams often include psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, specialist mental health nurses, social workers and occupational therapists, offering a range of pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatments to enhance the recovery of clients who have experienced, or are experiencing a SMI...
October 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396623/modified-mediterranean-diet-for-enrichment-of-short-chain-fatty-acids-potential-adjunctive-therapeutic-to-target-immune-and-metabolic-dysfunction-in-schizophrenia
#11
Jamie Joseph, Colin Depp, Pei-An B Shih, Kristen S Cadenhead, Geert Schmid-Schönbein
Growing interest in gut and digestive processes and their potential link to brain and peripheral based inflammation or biobehavioral phenotypes has led to an increasing number of basic and translational scientific reports focused on the role of gut microbiota within the context of neuropsychiatric disorders. However, the effect of dietary modification on specific gut metabolites, in association with immune, metabolic, and psychopathological functioning in schizophrenia spectrum disorders has not been well characterized...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385386/comparative-study-on-serum-levels-of-macro-and-trace-elements-in-schizophrenia-based-on-supervised-learning-methods
#12
Tong Lin, Tiebing Liu, Yucheng Lin, Lailai Yan, Zhongxue Chen, Jingyu Wang
The etiology and pathophysiology of schizophrenia (SCZ) remain obscure. This study explored the associations between SCZ risk and serum levels of 39 macro and trace elements (MTE). A 1:1 matched case-control study was conducted among 114 schizophrenia patients and 114 healthy controls matched by age, sex and region. Blood samples were collected to determine the concentrations of 39 MTE by ICP-AES and ICP-MS. Both supervised learning methods and classical statistical testing were used to uncover the difference of MTE levels between cases and controls...
September 2017: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353243/a-protocol-for-producing-the-maternal-low-protein-rat-model-a-tool-for-preclinical-proteomic-studies
#13
Dan Ma, Susan E Ozanne, Paul C Guest
Epidemiological studies have shown that periods of poor nutrition during pregnancy can lead to an increased risk of metabolic and psychiatric disorders in the offspring. In addition, some individuals with disorders such as schizophrenia show signs of impaired insulin signalling. These findings indicate that there may be a link between metabolism and neuronal function and they also provide supporting evidence for neurodevelopmental origins of mental illness. This chapter gives a detailed protocol for generation of the maternal low-protein (LP) rat model, which leads to metabolic disturbances in the offspring...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314621/docosahexaenoic-acid-dha-an-essential-nutrient-and-a-nutraceutical-for-brain-health-and-diseases
#14
REVIEW
Grace Y Sun, Agnes Simonyi, Kevin L Fritsche, Dennis Y Chuang, Mark Hannink, Zezong Gu, C Michael Greenlief, Jeffrey K Yao, James C Lee, David Q Beversdorf
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), a polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) enriched in phospholipids in the brain and retina, is known to play multi-functional roles in brain health and diseases. While arachidonic acid (AA) is released from membrane phospholipids by cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2), DHA is linked to action of the Ca(2+)-independent iPLA2. DHA undergoes enzymatic conversion by 15-lipoxygenase (Alox 15) to form oxylipins including resolvins and neuroprotectins, which are powerful lipid mediators. DHA can also undergo non-enzymatic conversion by reacting with oxygen free radicals (ROS), which cause the production of 4-hydoxyhexenal (4-HHE), an aldehyde derivative which can form adducts with DNA, proteins and lipids...
March 10, 2017: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298276/early-life-nutritional-programming-of-cognition-the-fundamental-role-of-epigenetic-mechanisms-in-mediating-the-relation-between-early-life-environment-and-learning-and-memory-process
#15
REVIEW
Laura Moody, Hong Chen, Yuan-Xiang Pan
The perinatal period is a window of heightened plasticity that lays the groundwork for future anatomic, physiologic, and behavioral outcomes. During this time, maternal diet plays a pivotal role in the maturation of vital organs and the establishment of neuronal connections. However, when perinatal nutrition is either lacking in specific micro- and macronutrients or overloaded with excess calories, the consequences can be devastating and long lasting. The brain is particularly sensitive to perinatal insults, with several neurologic and psychiatric disorders having been linked to a poor in utero environment...
March 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272261/abnormal-parietal-encephalomalacia-associated-with-schizophrenia-a-case-report
#16
Fen Pan, Jun-Yuan Wang, Yi Xu, Man-Li Huang
RATIONALE: It is widely believed that structural abnormalities of the brain contribute to the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. The parietal lobe is a central hub of multisensory integration, and abnormities in this region might account for the clinical features of schizophrenia. However, few cases of parietal encephalomalacia associated with schizophrenia have been described. PATIENT CONCERNS AND DIAGNOSES: In this paper, we present a case of a 25-year-old schizophrenia patient with abnormal parietal encephalomalacia...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241183/association-of-gestational-weight-gain-and-maternal-body-mass-index-in-early-pregnancy-with-risk-for-nonaffective-psychosis-in-offspring
#17
Euan Mackay, Christina Dalman, Håkan Karlsson, Renee M Gardner
Importance: Prenatal exposure to famine is associated with a 2-fold risk for nonaffective psychoses. Less is known about whether maternal nutrition states during pregnancy modify offspring risk for nonaffective psychoses in offspring in well-fed populations. Objective: To determine whether gestational weight gain (GWG) during pregnancy and maternal body mass index (BMI) in early pregnancy are associated with risk for nonaffective psychoses in offspring. Design, Setting and Participants: This population-based cohort study used data from Swedish health and population registers to follow up 526 042 individuals born from January 1, 1982, through December 31, 1989, from 13 years of age until December 31, 2011...
April 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209774/methyl-donor-supplementation-alters-cognitive-performance-and-motivation-in-female-offspring-from-high-fat-diet-fed-dams
#18
Sarah E McKee, Nicola M Grissom, Christopher T Herdt, Teresa M Reyes
During gestation, fetal nutrition is entirely dependent on maternal diet. Maternal consumption of excess fat during pregnancy has been linked to an increased risk of neurologic disorders in offspring, including attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, autism, and schizophrenia. In a mouse model, high-fat diet (HFD)-fed offspring have cognitive and executive function deficits as well as whole-genome DNA and promoter-specific hypomethylation in multiple brain regions. Dietary methyl donor supplementation during pregnancy or adulthood has been used to alter DNA methylation and behavior...
June 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202095/the-effects-of-vitamin-and-mineral-supplementation-on-symptoms-of-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
J Firth, B Stubbs, J Sarris, S Rosenbaum, S Teasdale, M Berk, A R Yung
BACKGROUND: When used as an adjunctive with antipsychotics, certain vitamins and minerals may be effective for improving symptomatic outcomes of schizophrenia, by restoring nutritional deficits, reducing oxidative stress, or modulating neurological pathways. METHOD: We conducted a systematic review of all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) reporting effects of vitamin and/or mineral supplements on psychiatric symptoms in people with schizophrenia. Random-effects meta-analyses were used to calculate the standardized mean difference between nutrient and placebo treatments...
July 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143762/altered-reward-anticipation-potential-explanation-for-weight-gain-in-schizophrenia
#20
REVIEW
Oliver Grimm, Stefan Kaiser, Michael M Plichta, Philippe N Tobler
Obesity and weight gain are severe complications of mental illness, especially schizophrenia. They result from changes in lifestyle and nutrition, side effects of medication and other, less well-understood factors. Recent studies suggest that obesity and weight gain are linked to psychopathology. Specifically, severe psychopathology is associated with greater weight dysregulation, typically weight gain. However, our knowledge about the neuroscientific basis of weight gain in schizophrenia is currently limited...
April 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
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