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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338803/socio-demographic-inequalities-in-the-clinical-characteristics-of-dengue-haemorrhagic-fever-in-the-city-of-rio-de-janeiro-brazil-2007-2008
#1
Sheila Moura Pone, Yara Hahr Marques Hökerberg, Patricia Brasil, Cecília Carmen de Araújo Nicolai, Rogério Ferrari, Raquel de Vasconcellos Carvalhaes de Oliveira
In 2007-2008, the city of Rio de Janeiro underwent an epidemiological change, with increases in the incidence in children and in severe forms of dengue. To describe the clinical profile and spatial distribution of dengue we performed an ecological study based on dengue surveillance data using the Brazilian classification (2005): dengue fever, dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) and dengue with complications. χ 2 test was used to describe the clinical and socio-demographic variables (P < 0.05). Spatial distribution of incidence and case-fatality was explored with thematic maps, Moran and Geary indices (P < 0...
January 17, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330687/evaluation-of-the-mitochondria-related-redox-and-bioenergetics-effects-of-gastrodin-in-sh-sy5y-cells-exposed-to-hydrogen-peroxide
#2
Marcos Roberto de Oliveira, Flávia Bittencourt Brasil, Cristina Ribas Fürstenau
Mitochondrion is the main site of ATP production in animal cells and also orchestrates signaling pathways associated with cell survival and death. Mitochondrial dysfunction has been linked to bioenergetics and redox impairment in human diseases, such as neurodegeneration and cardiovascular disease. Protective agents able to attenuate mitochondrial impairment are of pharmacological interest. Gastrodin (GAS; 4-hydroxybenzyl alcohol 4-O-beta-D-glucoside) is a phenolic glucoside obtained from the Chinese herbal medicine Gastrodia elata Blume and exhibits antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antiapoptotic effects in several cell types...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324961/naturalization-reciprocity-and-marks-of-marital-violence-male-defendants-perceptions
#3
Gilvânia Patrícia do Nascimento Paixão, Alvaro Pereira, Nadirlene Pereira Gomes, Anderson Reis de Sousa, Fernanda Matheus Estrela, Ubirajara Ramos Pereira da Silva Filho, Igor Brasil de Araújo
OBJECTIVE: to analyze male criminals' perception about marital violence. METHOD: An exploratory, descriptive, qualitative study undertaken with 23 men who were criminally prosecuted for marital violence. A multimethod data collection was conducted, with individual interview and focal group techniques combined, between May and December 2015. The data collected were initially categorized using the NVIVO® 11 software program, and then organized using the Collective Subject Discourse method...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324950/social-determinants-of-health-related-to-adhesion-to-mammography-screening
#4
Camila Brasil Moreira, Ana Fátima Carvalho Fernandes, Régia Christina Moura Barbosa Castro, Rosy Denyse Pinheiro de Oliveira, Ana Karina Bezerra Pinheiro
OBJECTIVE: To identify proximal, intermediary and individual social determinants related to mammography adherence, according to the Social Determinants of Health model proposed by Dahlgren and Whitehead. Method: Correlational cross-sectional study, carried out with a sociodemographic and clinical data questionnaire and the Champion's Health Belief Model Scale, translated and adapted for use in Brazil. Data analyzed by multiple linear regression, from the domains scale, and sociodemographic and clinical variables were used as predictors...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324949/training-of-adolescent-multipliers-from-the-perspective-of-health-promotion-core-competencies
#5
Kely Vanessa Leite Gomes da Silva, Gleice Adriana Araújo Gonçalves, Shayane Bezerra Dos Santos, Maria de Fatima Antero Sousa Machado, Cristiana Brasil de Almeida Rebouças, Viviane Martins da Silva, Lorena Barbosa Ximenes
OBJECTIVE: Recognize the domains of health promotion core competencies in the training process of adolescents carried out by nursing students. METHOD: Qualitative and descriptive study, which used the theoretical methodological contribution Developing Competencies and Professional Standards for Health Promotion Capacity Building in Europe (CompHP), carried out with 14 nursing students. RESULTS: There were four domains: Enable Change; Mediate through Partnership; Communication; and Leadership...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315224/the-zika-virus-epidemic-in-brazil-from-discovery-to-future-implications
#6
REVIEW
Rachel Lowe, Christovam Barcellos, Patrícia Brasil, Oswaldo G Cruz, Nildimar Alves Honório, Hannah Kuper, Marilia Sá Carvalho
The first confirmed case of Zika virus infection in the Americas was reported in Northeast Brazil in May 2015, although phylogenetic studies indicate virus introduction as early as 2013. Zika rapidly spread across Brazil and to more than 50 other countries and territories on the American continent. The Aedesaegypti mosquito is thought to be the principal vector responsible for the widespread transmission of the virus. However, sexual transmission has also been reported. The explosively emerging epidemic has had diverse impacts on population health, coinciding with cases of Guillain-Barré Syndrome and an unexpected epidemic of newborns with microcephaly and other neurological impairments...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311638/an-assay-for-the-identification-of-plasmodium-simium-infection-for-diagnosis-of-zoonotic-malaria-in-the-brazilian-atlantic-forest
#7
Denise Anete Madureira de Alvarenga, Richard Culleton, Anielle de Pina-Costa, Danielle Fonseca Rodrigues, Cesare Bianco, Sidnei Silva, Ana Júlia Dutra Nunes, Julio César de Souza, Zelinda Maria Braga Hirano, Sílvia Bahadian Moreira, Alcides Pissinatti, Filipe Vieira Santos de Abreu, André Luiz Lisboa Areas, Ricardo Lourenço-de-Oliveira, Mariano Gustavo Zalis, Maria de Fátima Ferreira-da-Cruz, Patricia Brasil, Cláudio Tadeu Daniel-Ribeiro, Cristiana Ferreira Alves de Brito
Zoonotic malaria poses a unique problem for malaria control. Autochthonous cases of human malaria in the Atlantic Forest have recently been attributed to Plasmodium simium, a parasite that commonly infects non-human primates in this Brazilian biome. However, due to its close similarity at both the morphological and molecular level to Plasmodium vivax, the diagnosis of P. simium in this region remains problematic. Therefore, a diagnostic assay able to accurately identify P. simium is important for malaria surveillance...
January 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310740/predicting-cardiometabolic-disturbances-from-waist-to-height-ratio-findings-from-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil-baseline
#8
Marcelo Castanheira, Dóra Chor, José Uéleres Braga, Letícia de Oliveira Cardoso, Rosane Härter Griep, Maria Del Carmen Bisi Molina, Maria de Jesus Mendes da Fonseca
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) in predicting cardiometabolic outcomes and compare cut-off points for Brazilian adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. WHtR areas under the curve (AUC) were compared with those for BMI, waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR). The outcomes of interest were hypertension, diabetes, hypertriacylglycerolaemia and presence of at least two components of metabolic syndrome (≥2 MetS)...
January 9, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309408/consumption-of-alcohol-and-blood-pressure-results-of-the-elsa-brasil-study
#9
Nathália Miguel Teixeira Santana, José Geraldo Mill, Gustavo Velasquez-Melendez, Alexandra Dias Moreira, Sandhi Maria Barreto, Maria Carmen Viana, Maria Del Carmen Bisi Molina
BACKGROUND: Prevention and reduction of excessive use of alcohol represents damages to society in general. In turn, arterial hypertension is the main attributable risk factor premature life lost years and disability. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between alcohol consumption and high blood pressure in participants of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil). METHODOLOGY: A baseline data of total of 7,655 participants volunteers between 35 and 74 years of age, of both genders, in six educational and research institutions of three different regions of the country were interviewed between 2008-2010...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305827/influence-of-socioeconomic-and-psychological-factors-in-glycemic-control-in-young-children-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#10
Carlos Jefferson do Nascimento Andrade, Crésio de Aragão Dantas Alves
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of socioeconomic and psychological factors on glycemic control in young children with type 1 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study assessing prepubertal children with type 1 diabetes mellitus. The authors analyzed the socioeconomic status using the Brazil Economic Classification Criterion (Critério de Classificação Econômica Brasil [CCEB]) and psychological conditions through the Brazilian version of the Problem Areas in Diabetes, associated with glycemic control, measured by glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c)...
January 3, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261094/postmortem-findings-in-patient-with-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-and-zika-virus-infection
#11
Emilio Dirlikov, José V Torres, Roosecelis Brasil Martines, Sarah Reagan-Steiner, George Venero Pérez, Aidsa Rivera, Chelsea Major, Desiree Matos, Jorge Muñoz-Jordan, Wun-Ju Shieh, Sherif R Zaki, Tyler M Sharp
Postmortem examination results of a patient with Guillain-Barré syndrome and confirmed Zika virus infection revealed demyelination of the sciatic and cranial IV nerves, providing evidence of the acute demyelinating inflammatory polyneuropathy Guillain-Barré syndrome variant. Lack of evidence of Zika virus in nervous tissue suggests that pathophysiology was antibody mediated without neurotropism.
January 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250519/evaluating-the-surveillance-system-for-spotted-fever-in-brazil-using-machine-learning-techniques
#12
Diego Montenegro Lopez, Flávio Luis de Mello, Cristina Maria Giordano Dias, Paula Almeida, Milton Araújo, Monica Avelar Magalhães, Gilberto Salles Gazeta, Reginaldo Peçanha Brasil
This work analyses the performance of the Brazilian spotted fever (SF) surveillance system in diagnosing and confirming suspected cases in the state of Rio de Janeiro (RJ), from 2007 to 2016 (July) using machine-learning techniques. Of the 890 cases reported to the Disease Notification Information System (SINAN), 11.7% were confirmed as SF, 2.9% as dengue, 1.6% as leptospirosis, and 0.7% as tick bite allergy, with the remainder being diagnosed as other categories (10.5%) or unspecified (72.7%). This study confirms the existence of obstacles in the diagnostic classification of suspected cases of SF by clinical signs and symptoms...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243272/chronic-kidney-disease-and-coronary-artery-calcification-in-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil
#13
Cheng Suh-Chiou, Rosa M Moysés, Marcio S Bittencourt, Isabela M Bensenor, Paulo A Lotufo
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease is a worldwide public health concern due to the increased prevalence the high fatalities related to heart disease in this population. Among novel cardiovascular risk markers, the coronary artery calcification score (CAC) emerged as an independent predictor of cardiovascular events. HYPOTHESIS: We aimed to test if glomerular filtration rate or albuminuria are independently associated with coronary calcification. METHODS: The Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health is a cohort of men and women aged 35 to 74 years old addressing cardiovascular diseases...
December 15, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236779/detection-and-molecular-characterization-of-the-novel-recombinant-norovirus-gii-p16-gii-4-sydney-in-southeastern-brazil-in-2016
#14
Débora Maria Pires Gonçalves Barreira, Túlio Machado Fumian, Marco André Loureiro Tonini, Lays Paula Bondi Volpini, Rodrigo Pratte Santos, Anézia Lima Chaves Ribeiro, José Paulo Gagliardi Leite, Márcia Terezinha Baroni de Moraes E Souza, Patrícia Brasil, Denise Cotrim da Cunha, Marize Pereira Miagostovich, Liliana Cruz Spano
Noroviruses are the leading cause of acute gastroenteritis (AGE) in all age groups worldwide. Despite the high genetic diversity of noroviruses, most AGE outbreaks are caused by a single norovirus genotype: GII.4. Since 1995, several different variants of norovirus GII.4 have been associated with pandemics, with each variant circulating for 3 to 8 years. The Sydney_2012 variant was first reported in Australia and then in other countries. A new variant, GII.P16-GII.4, was recently described in Japan and South Korea and then in the USA, France, Germany and England...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228375/influence-of-temperature-on-in-vitro-zoosporogenesis-of-pythium-insidiosum
#15
Cristina Gomes Zambrano, Angelita Reis Gomes, Carolina Litchina Brasil, Júlia de Souza Silveira Valente, Carolina Quintana Braga, Maria Isabel de Azevedo, Sônia de Avila Botton, Daniela Isabel Brayer Pereira
This study verified the influence of different temperatures on P. insidiosum in vitro zoosporogenesis. P. insidiosum isolates (n = 26) were submitted to zoosporogenesis and incubated at 5°C, 15°C, 20°C and 37°C (1st stage). Grass fragments were evaluated under optical microscopy at 4, 8, and 24 hours of incubation. Afterward, all isolates were incubated at 37°C and assessed at the same periods of time (2nd stage). The development of hyphae, presence of vesicles, zoosporangia and zoospores were checked...
December 8, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220543/skin-cancer-prevention-campaign-in-childhood-survey-based-on-3-676-children-in-brazil
#16
Paulo Ricardo Criado, Jorge Ocampo-Garza, Anne Lise Dias, Walter Belda Junior, Nilton Di Chiachio, Aparecida Machado de Moraes, Meire Brasil Parada, Fátima de Oliveira Rabay, Octavio Moraes Junior, Renato Sau Rios, Cristiana Silveira da Silva, Francisco C S Ferreira, Samuel Henrique Mandeulbaum, Cidia Vasconcellos
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Primary skin cancer prevention campaigns are essential and more effective among children, not only because of the importance of sun exposure effects during this period, but also because at this age is when individuals are developing behaviors. The Brazilian Society of Dermatology - Regional State of Sao Paulo developed and conducted, the program named "The Sun, Friend of Childhood", a school health education and disease prevention project for children and parents...
December 8, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216835/human-t-lymphotropic-virus-1aa-circulation-and-risk-factors-for-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-an-amazon-geographic-area-with-lowest-human-development-index-maraj%C3%A3-island-northern-brazil
#17
Samantha Assis de Aguiar, Samires Avelino de Souza França, Barbara Brasil Santana, Mike Barbosa Santos, Felipe Bonfim Freitas, Glenda Ferreira, Izaura Cayres-Vallinoto, Marluísa O G Ishak, Ricardo Ishak, Antonio Carlos Rosário Vallinoto
BACKGROUND: This cross-sectional study evaluated the prevalence of infection with human T-lymphotropic virus 1 and 2 (HTLV-1 and HTLV-2) in a population from the municipalities of Anajás, Chaves, São Sebastião da Boa Vista (SSBV) and Portel in the Marajó Archipelago and correlated these data with the epidemiological characteristics of the study population. METHODS: A total of 1899 biological samples were evaluated. The samples were screened for the presence of anti-HTLV antibodies using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and infection was confirmed using conventional polymerase chain reaction (PCR), real-time PCR and nucleotide sequencing...
December 8, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213529/therapeutic-effect-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-on-neuropsychological-symptoms-of-an-elderly-patient-a-case-report
#18
Aline Iannone, Joaquim Brasil-Neto, Antonio Pedro Mello Cruz, Corina Satler, Nasser Allam
Although growing evidence points to the potential therapeutic effects of transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS), there is still no consensus on the most appropriate protocol to be used in specific neurological and neuropsychological symptoms. This case report evaluated the neuromodulatory therapeutic effects of two 15-day courses of tDCS on an elderly female patient, aged 78 years with mild neurocognitive disorder, chronic pain and depression-related symptoms. Results indicated an overall significant improvement of cognitive and executive functions, as well as reduction in both depression and chronic pain symptoms...
July 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211235/adolescent-health-promotion-and-the-school-health-program-complexity-in-the-articulation-of-health-and-education
#19
Eysler Gonçalves Maia Brasil, Raimunda Magalhães da Silva, Maria Rocineide Ferreira da Silva, Dafne Paiva Rodrigues, Maria Veraci Oliveira Queiroz
Objective To analyze the context of health promotion with adolescents in the health and education interface focusing on the actions of the Brazilian School Health Program. Qualitative study conducted in 2015 with professionals working in the Regional Executive Coordination IV, in Fortaleza, Ceará. The data obtained in the interview were processed in the ALCESTE program. 17 health professionals and 22 education professionals participated in the study. The organization of spontaneous demand causes disharmony in the scheduled visits and health actions in the school...
2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211132/effect-of-the-bis-dimethylamino-benzydrol-coinitiator-on-the-mechanical-and-biological-properties-of-a-composite
#20
Bruna Fortes Bittencourt, John Alexis Dominguez, Luís Antonio Pinheiro, Paulo Vitor Farago, Elizabete Brasil Dos Santos, Leticia Antonelo Campos, João Carlos Gomes, Osnara Maria Mongruel Gomes
To examine the effect of the alternative coinitiator 4,4'bis dimethylamino benzydrol (BZN) in degree of conversion (DC), mechanical and biological properties of experimental composites. The coinitiator BZN was used in three concentrations (0.2, 0.5 and 1.2%), and the coinitiator DMAEMA was used as control at the same concentrations as above. The molar concentration of camphorquinone (CQ) and coinitiators was kept constant (1:1). The composites were manipulated and submitted to microhardness test (VHN), flexural and compressive strength (in MPa), elastic modulus (GPa), DC (FT-IR) and in vitro cytotoxicity (against 3T3 fibroblastic cells) of the experimental resins...
November 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
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