keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Brasil

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791607/arteriosclerosis-in-brazil-findings-from-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil
#1
Paulo Andrade Lotufo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777926/epidemiology-of-acute-febrile-illness-in-latin-america
#2
REVIEW
José Moreira, Clarisse S Bressan, Patricia Brasil, Andre M Siqueira
BACKGROUND: The causes of acute febrile illness (AFI) in Latin America (LA) are diverse and its complexity increase as the proportion of fever due to malaria decreases as control and new pathogens emerge in the region. In this context, it is important to shed light over the gaps on the epidemiological characteristics and the geographic range for many AFI aetiologies. AIMS: To review studies on community-acquired fever etiology other than malaria in LA, and to highlight knowledge gaps and challenges needing further investigation...
May 16, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774528/slc40a1-and-cp-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-in-porphyria-cutanea-tarda-patients-of-mixed-ancestry
#3
Isabella Brasil Succi, Luís Cristóvão Pôrto, Dayse Silva, Adriana Nascimento, Ronald Costa Neto, João Carlos Fonseca
Porphyria cutanea tarda (PCT) is a multifactorial disease; clinical expression depends on both genetic and acquired factors. Few studies have examined the connection between PCT and the regulation of iron metabolism genes other than the HFE gene. We selected five polymorphisms in the CYBRD1, CP, SLC40A1, and HAMP genes to determine whether these polymorphisms can act as genetic modulators in patients with sporadic PCT. None of the 29 patients carried the C282Y mutation. Genomic DNA from 29 PCT patients was isolated...
May 17, 2018: Annals of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772050/combined-femtosecond-laser-assisted-cataract-surgery-and-small-gauge-pars-plana-vitrectomy-using-different-devices-a-new-trend-for-vitreoretinal-surgery
#4
Bruno de Queiroz Alves, Oswaldo Ferreira Moura Brasil, Cristiano Toesca Espinhosa, Ricardo Miguel Japiassu, Mariana Batista Gonçalves, Otaviano Magalhães Júnior, André Maia, Emmerson Badaró, Paula Serraino, Arturo Alezzandrinni, Mauricio Maia
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To report the efficacy, safety, and benefits of femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) combined with sutureless 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This multicenter, retrospective study evaluated patient records and videos of 43 cases with retinal pathologies and cataract who underwent the combined procedure. RESULTS: In 44.2% and 55.8% of cases, respectively, the LenSx Laser (femtosecond machine; Alcon, Fort Worth, TX) and the Constellation (vitreous cutter; Alcon, Fort Worth, TX), and the Victus (femtosecond machine; Bausch + Lomb, Rochester, NY) and Stellaris PC (vitreous cutter; Bausch + Lomb, Rochester, NY) were used...
May 1, 2018: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771234/an-observational-clinical-case-of-zika-virus-associated-neurological-disease-is-associated-with-primary-igg-response-and-enhanced-tnf-levels
#5
Edson Delatorre, Milene Miranda, Diogo A Tschoeke, Patrícia Carvalho de Sequeira, Simone Alves Sampaio, Giselle Barbosa-Lima, Yasmine Rangel Vieira, Luciana Leomil, Fernando A Bozza, José Cerbino-Neto, Patricia T Bozza, Rita Maria Ribeiro Nogueira, Patrícia Brasil, Fabiano L Thompson, Ana M B de Filippis, Thiago Moreno L Souza
Descriptive clinical data help to reveal factors that may provoke Zika virus (ZIKV) neuropathology. The case of a 24-year-old female with a ZIKV-associated severe acute neurological disorder was studied. The levels of ZIKV in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were 50 times higher than the levels in other compartments. An acute anti-flavivirus IgG, together with enhanced TNF-alpha levels, may have contributed to ZIKV invasion in the CSF, whereas the unbiased genome sequencing [obtained by next-generation sequencing (NGS)] of the CSF revealed that no virus mutations were associated with the anatomic compartments (CSF, serum, saliva and urine)...
May 17, 2018: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762479/development-of-a-polyphenol-oxidase-biosensor-from-jenipapo-fruit-extract-genipa-americana-l-and-determination-of-phenolic-compounds-in-textile-industrial-effluents
#6
Rafael Souza Antunes, Denes Ferraz, Luane Ferreira Garcia, Douglas Vieira Thomaz, Rafael Luque, Germán Sanz Lobón, Eric de Souza Gil, Flávio Marques Lopes
In this work, an innovative polyphenol oxidase biosensor was developed from Jenipapo ( Genipa americana L.) fruit and used to assess phenolic compounds in industrial effluent samples obtained from a textile industry located in Jaraguá-GO, Brasil. The biosensor was prepared and optimized according to: the proportion of crude vegetal extract, pH and overall voltammetric parameters for differential pulse voltammetry. The calibration curve presented a linear interval from 10 to 310 µM (r² = 0.9982) and a limit of detection of 7 µM...
May 15, 2018: Biosensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755558/antiparasitic-activity-and-essential-oil-chemical-analysis-of-the-piper-tuberculatum-jacq-fruit
#7
Valterlúcio Dos Santos Sales, Álefe Brito Monteiro, Gyllyandeson de Araújo Delmondes, Emmily Petícia do Nascimento, Francisco Rodolpho Sobreira Dantas Nóbrega de Figuêiredo, Cristina Kelly de Souza Rodrigues, Josefa Fernanda Evangelista de Lacerda, Cícera Norma Fernandes, Maysa de Oliveira Barbosa, Adamo Xenofonte Brasil, Saulo Relison Tintino, Maria Celeste Vega Gomez, Cathia Coronel, Henrique Douglas Melo Coutinho, José Galberto Martins da Costa, Cícero Francisco Bezerra Felipe, Irwin Rose Alencar de Menezes, Marta Regina Kerntopf
With the increase of neglected diseases such as leishmaniasis and Chagas disease, there was a need for the search for new therapeutic alternatives that reduce the harm caused by medicine available for treatment. Thus, this study was performed to investigate the antiparasitic activity of the essential oil from the fruits of Piper tuberculatum Jacq, against lines of Leishmania braziliensis (MHOM/CO/88/UA301), Leishmania infantum (MHOM/ES/92/BCN83) and Trypanosoma cruzi (LC-B5 clone). Before running protocols, an analysis of the chemical composition of essential oil was conducted, which presented monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes...
2018: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754015/cost-effectiveness-of-a-home-visit-program-for-patients-with-heart-failure-in-brazil-evidence-from-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Karen Brasil Ruschel, Eneida R Rabelo-Silva, Luis Eduardo Rohde, Emiliane N de Souza, Cláudia M Mussi, Carisi A Polanczyk
OBJECTIVE: Estimate the cost-effectiveness of a nurse-led home visit (HV) intervention as compared with the standard HF management, within a randomized clinical trial in Brazil. STUDY DESIGN: Cost-effectiveness study within a randomized trial. METHODS: To assess the cost-effectiveness of four home visits and four telephone calls by nurses in the management of patients with HF within a randomized clinical trial (RCT: NCT01213875) in a perspective Public (PHS-Public Healthcare System) and private healthcare systems of Brazil during time frame of 24 weeks...
May 10, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752807/oral-health-and-school-performance-in-a-group-of-schoolchildren-from-the-federal-district-brazil
#9
Raquel Francis Almeida, Soraya Coelho Leal, Jordana Guedes Amorim Medonca, Leandro Augusto Hilgert, Ana Paula Dias Ribeiro
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether an association exists between school performance, quality of life, dental caries, and dental pain in children between 6 and 8 years of age. METHODS: All 6- to 8-year-old children enrolled in the second year of the six public schools in Paranoá-FD were invited to participate in this cross-sectional study. In total, 374 consented. Dental caries was recorded according to the Caries Assessment Spectrum and Treatment (CAST) index by two trained examiners...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752677/insight-into-the-mechanisms-and-consequences-of-recurrent-telomere-capture-associated-with-a-sub-telomeric-deletion
#10
Alexsandro Dos Santos, Francine Campagnari, Ana Cristina Victorino Krepischi, Maria de Lourdes Ribeiro Câmara, Rita de Cássia E de Arruda Brasil, Ligia Vieira, Angela M Vianna-Morgante, Paulo A Otto, Peter L Pearson, Carla Rosenberg
A complex mosaicism of the short arm of chromosome 1 detected by SNP microarray analysis is described in a patient presenting a 4-Mb 1p36 terminal deletion and associated phenotypic features. The array pattern of chromosome 1p displayed an intriguing increase in divergence of the SNP heterozygote frequency from the expected 50% from the centromere towards the 1p36 breakpoint. This suggests that various overlapping segments of UPD were derived by somatic recombination between the 1p homologues. The most likely explanation was the occurrence of a series of events initiated in either a gamete or an early embryonic cell division involving a 1pter deletion rapidly followed by multiple telomere captures, resulting in additive, stepped increases in frequency of homozygosity towards the telomere...
May 12, 2018: Chromosome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751286/the-prevalence-and-correlates-of-subclinical-atherosclerosis-among-adults-with-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-70-mg-dl-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis-mesa-and-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil
#11
Mahmoud Al Rifai, Seth S Martin, John W McEvoy, Khurram Nasir, Ron Blankstein, Joseph Yeboah, Michael Miedema, Steven J Shea, Joseph F Polak, Pamela Ouyang, Roger S Blumenthal, Marcio Bittencourt, Isabela Bensenor, Raul D Santos, Bruce B Duncan, Itamar S Santos, Paulo A Lotufo, Michael J Blaha
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The prevalence and correlates of subclinical atherosclerosis when low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels are low remain unclear. Therefore, we examined the association of cardiovascular risk factors and subclinical atherosclerosis among individuals with untreated LDL-C <70 mg/dL. METHODS: We included participants from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) and the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) cohorts...
April 28, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749297/health-behavior-related-indicator-of-lifestyle-application-in-the-elsa-brasil-study
#12
Ana Luísa Patrão, Maria-da-Conceição C Almeida, Sheila Alvim, Dora Chor, Estela M L Aquino
Various behaviors are considered health enhancing. Nevertheless, according to the current scientific literature, four health behaviors are considered particularly risky in view of their association with a group of chronic diseases: 1) smoking; 2) excessive alcohol consumption; 3) poor diet; and 4) lack of physical activity. Theoretically, it should be possible to make improvements to one's health by maximizing the number of healthy behaviors and minimizing the unhealthy ones. However, in reality, the different behaviors interconnect to create more complex lifestyles...
May 1, 2018: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738036/first-stages-chronic-kidney-disease-have-mild-effects-on-cognitive-performance-results-of-a-15-105-brazilian-adult-baseline-cohort
#13
Valéria Maria de Azeredo Passos, Roberto Marini Ladeira, Cláudia Caciquinho Vieira de Souza, Itamar de Souza Santos, Sandhi Maria Barreto
INTRODUCTION: The aging of the population may lead to an increased prevalence of dementia and chronic kidney disease (CKD) and their overlap. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between CKD and cognitive performance among Brazilian adults (35-74 years). METHODS: Baseline data analysis of the Longitudinal Study of Adults (ELSA-Brasil), a multicenter cohort comprising 15,105 civil servants, was performed. Kidney function was defined by the CKD-Epi-estimated GRF and albumin creatinin ratio (ACR)...
April 26, 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729963/non-hdl-c-goals-based-on-the-distribution-of-population-percentiles-in-elsa-brasil-is-it-time-to-change
#14
Fabiano A Brito, William Pedrosa, Chams B Maluf, Rodrigo C P Dos Reis, Ligia M G Fedeli, Cristina Castilhos, Sandhi M Barreto, Pedro G Vidigal
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) goals are defined as 30 mg/dL (0.78 mmol/L) higher than the respective low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) goals. This definition, however, do not consider the population distribution of non-HDL-C, which could represent a more appropriate individual goal when both markers are discordant. The aim of this study is to establish non-HDL-C goals at the same population percentiles of LDL-C. METHODS: Non-HDL-C values were assigned at the same percentiles correspondent to the LDL-C treatment goals for 14,837 participants from the Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) with triglycerides levels ≤ 400 mg/dL (4...
April 12, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726042/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-the-use-of-dental-care-services-during-early-childhood-an-epidemiological-survey
#15
João Gabriel Silva Souza, Aline Araújo Sampaio, Bárbara Emanoelle Costa Oliveira, Kimberly Marie Jones, Andréa Maria Eleutério De Barros Lima Martins
BACKGROUND: The use of dental care services contributes to the improvement of children's healthy behaviors, reducing the prevalence of future dental problems. In this way, the purpose of this study was to describe the use of dental care service during early childhood and the possible socioeconomic inequalities in this use. DESIGN: Data from the Brazilian Oral Health Survey (SB Brasil, 2010) were used. Interviews with the children's parents and clinical examinations with the children were conducted in a 5-year-old representative sample...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709324/the-clinical-outcome-of-skeletal-anchorage-in-interceptive-treatment-in-growing-patients-for-class-iii-malocclusion
#16
REVIEW
J Meyns, D M Brasil, J F Mazzi-Chaves, C Politis, R Jacobs
A systematic review of the literature was performed regarding the clinical outcome (effectiveness) of bone anchorage devices in interceptive treatment for class III malocclusion. A search of Embase, PubMed and Web of Science databases yielded 285 papers. An additional two articles were retrieved through manual searching of the reference lists. After initial abstract selection, 32 potentially eligible articles were screened in detail, resulting in a final number of eight articles included in this review. Insufficient evidence was found regarding the effects of skeletal anchorage in interceptive class III treatment to support definitive conclusions on long-term skeletal effects and stability...
April 27, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702557/cdg-therapies-from-bench-to-bedside
#17
REVIEW
Sandra Brasil, Carlota Pascoal, Rita Francisco, Dorinda Marques-da-Silva, Giuseppina Andreotti, Paula A Videira, Eva Morava, Jaak Jaeken, Vanessa Dos Reis Ferreira
Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) are a group of genetic disorders that affect protein and lipid glycosylation and glycosylphosphatidylinositol synthesis. More than 100 different disorders have been reported and the number is rapidly increasing. Since glycosylation is an essential post-translational process, patients present a large range of symptoms and variable phenotypes, from very mild to extremely severe. Only for few CDG, potentially curative therapies are being used, including dietary supplementation (e...
April 27, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694590/caries-prevalence-among-brazilian-indigenous-population-of-urban-areas-based-on-the-2010-national-oral-health-survey
#18
Kênia Cristina de Oliveira Miranda, Tiago Araújo Coelho de Souza, Soraya Coelho Leal
It is important to have an epidemiological understanding of oral diseases among indigenous persons, in order to contribute with the organization of health services for these populations. The SB Brasil 2010 database was used to compare the prevalence of dental caries among 308 self-identified indigenous and 37,211 non-indigenous individuals from urban areas, in the following age/age-groups: 5, 12, 15-19, 35-44, 65-74. The study also analyzed the effect of the complex sample design and the sample weight in the outcomes...
April 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694584/-factors-associated-with-the-need-for-oral-treatment-of-elderly-brazilians-a-multilevel-analysis
#19
Chaiane Emilia Dalazen, Alessandro Diogo De Carli, Rafael Aiello Bomfim
The aims of this study were to estimate the prevalence of prosthetic requirements and dental treatment needs among the elderly Brazilian population and the associations with contextual and individual determinants. Data were taken from the Brazilian Oral Health Survey (SB Brasil 2010) and a sample of 7,619 Brazilian people aged 65-74 years were investigated. Multilevel logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals between treatment needs and contextual variables (Municipal Human Development Index, Gini coefficient and oral health coverage in the Family Health Strategy) and individual (gender, income, education and skin color)...
April 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694581/concurrent-and-face-validity-of-the-macarthur-scale-for-assessing-subjective-social-status-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil
#20
Wasney de Almeida Ferreira, Luana Giatti, Roberta Carvalho de Figueiredo, Heliana Ribeiro de Mello, Sandhi Maria Barreto
This work assessed the concurrent and face validity of the MacArthur scale, which attempts to capture subjective social status in society, neighborhood and work contexts. The study population comprised a convenience sample made up of 159 adult participants of the ELSA-Brasil cohort study conducted in Minas Gerais between 2012 and 2014. The analysis was conducted drawing on Conceptual Metaphor Theory and using corpus linguistic methods. Concurrent validity was shown to be moderate for the society ladder (Kappaw = 0...
April 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
keyword
keyword
4981
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"