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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933004/policy-implications-of-achievement-testing-using-multilevel-models-the-case-of-brazilian-elementary-schools
#1
Igor G Menezes, Victor R Duran, Euclides J Mendonça Filho, Tainã J Veloso, Stella M S Sarmento, Christine L Paget, Kai Ruggeri
Large-scale educational assessment has been established as source of descriptive, evaluative and interpretative information that influence educational policies worldwide throughout the last third of the twentieth century. In the 1990s the Brazilian Ministry of Education developed the National Basic Education Assessment System (SAEB) that regularly measures management, resource and contextual school features and academic achievement in public and private institutions. In 2005, after significant piloting and review of the SAEB, a new sampling strategy was taken and Prova Brasil became the new instrument used by the Ministry to assess skills in Portuguese (reading comprehension) and Mathematics (problem solving), as well as collecting contextual information concerning the school, principal, teacher, and the students...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925068/occurrence-of-neospora-caninum-and-toxoplasma-gondii-antibodies-in-dogs-from-rural-properties-surrounding-a-biological-reserve-espirito-santo-brasil
#2
Igor da Cunha Lima Acosta, Luana D'Avila Centoducatte, Herbert Sousa Soares, Arlei Marcili, Maria Fernanda Naegeli Gondim, João Luiz Rossi, Solange Maria Gennari
The aim of this study was to determine the presence of antibodies to Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii in serum samples of 187 dogs from 30 rural properties surrounding Córrego do Veado Biological Reserve, Espírito Santo State, Brazil. The Reserve is one of the last lowland Atlantic Forest remnants of the region, surrounded by agriculture farms and cattle pastures. The presence of IgG antibodies was determined by the Indirect Fluorescent Antibody Test for T. gondii (cut-off 1:16) and N. caninum (cut-off 1:50)...
December 1, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925032/numerical-study-of-wake-characteristics-in-a-horizontal-axis-hydrokinetic-turbine
#3
Paulo A S F Silva, Taygoara F DE Oliveira, Antonio C P Brasil, Jerson R P Vaz
Over the years most studies on wake characteristics have been devoted to wind turbines, while few works are related to hydrokinetic turbines. Among studies applied to rivers, depth and width are important parameters for a suitable design. In this work, a numerical study of the wake in a horizontal-axis hydrokinetic turbine is performed, where the main objective is an investigation on the wake structure, which can be a constraining factor in rivers. The present paper uses the Reynolds Averaged Navier Stokes (RANS) flow simulation technique, in which the Shear-Stress Transport (SST) turbulent model is considered, in order to simulate a free hydrokinetic runner in a typical river flow...
December 1, 2016: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925017/community-health-workers-perceptions-in-relation-to-speech-and-language-disorders
#4
Carla Cristina Lins Santos Knochenhauer, Karina Mary de Paiva Vianna
Purpose: To know the perception of the Community Health Workers (CHW) about the speech and language disorders. Method: Cross-sectional study, which involved a questionnaire with questions related to the knowledge of CHW on speech and language disorders. The research was carried out with CHW allocated in the Centro Sanitary District of Florianópolis. Results: We interviewed 35 CHW, being mostly (80%) female gender, with a average age of 47 years (standard deviation = 2...
December 1, 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919353/dyslipidemia-according-to-gender-and-race-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil
#5
Raul D Santos, Isabela M Bensenor, Alexandre C Pereira, Paulo A Lotufo
BACKGROUND: There is little information regarding lipid profiles of racially mixed populations. Differently from other Latin American countries, the proportion of African ancestry is much higher in Brazil. OBJECTIVE: Verify whether there are differences in the lipid profile between black and white subjects and if people with mixed ancestry have a pattern more closely resembling whites or blacks. METHODS: A total of 15,105 civil servants aged 35-74 years from the ELSA-Brasil study had their fasting lipid profile determined...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917037/new-taxa-including-three-new-genera-show-uniqueness-of-neotropical-nepticulidae-lepidoptera
#6
Erik J van Nieukerken, Camiel Doorenweerd, Kenji Nishida, Chris Snyers
After finding distinct clades in a molecular phylogeny for Nepticulidae that could not be placed in any known genera and discovering clear apomorphic characters that define these clades, as well as a number of Neotropical species that could be placed in known genera but were undescribed, three new genera and nine new species are here described from the Neotropics: Stigmella gallicola van Nieukerken & Nishida, sp. n. reared from galls on Hampea appendiculata (Malvaceae) in Costa Rica, representing the first example of a gall making Stigmella; Stigmella schinivora van Nieukerken, sp...
2016: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914595/intra-articular-injection-in-patients-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-factors-associated-with-a-good-response
#7
Ana Luiza Garcia Cunha, Vanessa Bugni Miotto E Silva, Fabiane Mitie Osaku, Luísa Brasil Niemxeski, Rita Nely Vilar Furtado, Jamil Natour, Maria Teresa de Sande, Lemos Ramos Ascensão Terreri
INTRODUCTION: Intra-articular injection of corticosteroids (IIC) for treatment of patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is increasingly used in Pediatric Rheumatology. OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical course of patients undergoing IIC in our Pediatric Rheumatology Unit. METHODS: Retrospective study of patients with JIA undergoing IIC from January 2008 to December 2012, with a minimum follow-up of six months after the injection...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913814/life-course-socioeconomic-adversities-and-10-year-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health
#8
Dayse Rodrigues de Sousa Andrade, Lidyane V Camelo, Rodrigo Citton P Dos Reis, Itamar S Santos, Antonio Luiz Ribeiro, Luana Giatti, Sandhi Maria Barreto
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether life course exposure to adverse socioeconomic positions (SEP) as well as maintaining a low SEP or decreasing the SEP intra- and intergeneration was associated with an increased 10-year cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk predicted by the Framingham Risk Score. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data (2008-2010) of 13,544 active workers from ELSA-Brasil cohort. Maternal education, leg length, social class of first occupation and education were used to evaluate childhood, youth and adulthood SEP...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901243/stages-of-hyperglycemia-and-common-mental-disorders-in-adults-the-brazilian-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil
#9
Marina Bessel, Álvaro Vigo, Andréa Poyastro, Maria Angélica Nunes, Bruce Bartholow Duncan, Maria Inês Schmidt
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Diabetes mellitus and depressive disorders frequently coexist. However, this relationship has been little evaluated across stages of hyperglycemia and for a broad range of common mental disorders (CMDs). The objective here was to investigate the association between CMDs and stages of glycemia. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study conducted among civil servants aged 35-74 years participating in the ELSA-Brasil cohort. METHODS: CMDs were classified using the Clinical Interview Schedule - Revised (CIS-R)...
September 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901219/massage-and-reiki-used-to-reduce-stress-and-anxiety-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Leonice Fumiko Sato Kurebayashi, Ruth Natalia Teresa Turrini, Talita Pavarini Borges de Souza, Raymond Sehiji Takiguchi, Gisele Kuba, Marisa Toshi Nagumo
Objective: to evaluate the effectiveness of massage and reiki in the reduction of stress and anxiety in clients at the Institute for Integrated and Oriental Therapy in Sao Paulo (Brazil). Method: clinical tests randomly done in parallel with an initial sample of 122 people divided into three groups: Massage + Rest (G1), Massage + Reiki (G2) and a Control group without intervention (G3). The Stress Systems list and the Trace State Anxiety Inventory were used to evaluate the groups at the start and after 8 sessions (1 month), during 2015...
November 28, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901176/different-methods-of-calculating-ankle-brachial-index-in-mid-elderly-men-and-women-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil
#11
M Miname, I M Bensenor, P A Lotufo
The ankle-brachial index (ABI) is a marker of subclinical atherosclerosis related to health-adverse outcomes. ABI is inexpensive compared to other indexes, such as coronary calcium score and determination of carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT). Our objective was to identify how the ABI can be applied to primary care. Three different methods of calculating the ABI were compared among 13,921 men and women aged 35 to 74 years who were free of cardiovascular diseases and enrolled in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)...
2016: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896777/-1-h-nmr-metabolomic-profiling-of-human-and-animal-blood-serum-samples
#12
João G M Pontes, Antonio J M Brasil, Guilherme C F Cruz, Rafael N de Souza, Ljubica Tasic
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy techniques allow the acquisition of a large amount of data and when combined with multivariate statistical analysis, it is possible to process and interpret the obtained NMR data in accordance with the biological problem being investigated. In this chapter, the search for biologically relevant biomarkers is addressed using NMR spectroscopy-based metabolomics, due to their clinical relevance for either diagnosis or monitoring of diseases and disorders.
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894568/gender-differences-in-cumulative-life-course-socioeconomic-position-and-social-mobility-in-relation-to-new-onset-diabetes-in%C3%A2-adults-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil
#13
Lidyane V Camelo, Luana Giatti, Bruce B Duncan, Dóra Chor, Rosane Härter Griep, Maria Inês Schmidt, Sandhi Maria Barreto
PURPOSE: We investigated gender-specific associations of cumulative socioeconomic position across life course and social mobility with new onset diabetes mellitus (NODM) in over 12,000 civil servants in Brazil. METHODS: We used data from ELSA-Brasil baseline (2008-2010). The accumulation of risk was assessed using an education-based score and an occupation-based score. Educational and occupational social mobility were also evaluated. RESULTS: In minimally adjusted models, NODM increased with increasing exposure to life-course social disadvantages, especially in men...
December 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888399/effectiveness-and-safety-of-bariatric-surgery-in-the-public-healthcare-system-in-brazil-real-world-evidence-from-a-high-volume-obesity-surgery-center
#14
Irineu Rasera, Alexandre Luque, Silvio Mauro Junqueira, Níssia Capello Brasil, Priscila Caldeira Andrade
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the waiting time, safety, and effectiveness of bariatric surgery based on real-world data. METHODS: This is a noninterventional, noncomparative, and retrospective study with 300 morbidly obese patients who had undergone open Roux-en-Y surgery. RESULTS: The procedure was found to be very safe, with low rates of overall complications (10.7%). Approximately 48.4% of the patients had reached a BMI <30 mg/kg(2) at 12 months after surgery, while 6% were still classified as morbidly obese (BMI >40 mg/kg(2))...
November 25, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888011/antiproliferative-and-ultrastructural-effects-of-phenethylamine-derivatives-on-promastigotes-and-amastigotes-of-leishmania-leishmania-infantum-chagasi
#15
Paula Ferreira Brasil, Júlia Araújo de Freitas, Anna Léa Silva Barreto, Camila Marques Adade, Leandro Figueira Reis de Sá, Pamella Constantino-Teles, Fabiano Travanca Toledo, Bruno A de Sousa, Augusto Cesar Gonçalves, Maria Teresa Villela Romanos, João V Comasseto, Alcindo A Dos Santos, Ana Claudia Tessis, Thais Souto-Padrón, Rosangela Maria A Soares, Antonio Ferreira-Pereira
Leishmania (Leishmania) infantum chagasi is one of the agents that cause visceral leishmaniasis. This disease occurs more frequently in third world countries, such as Brazil. The treatment is arduous, and is dependent on just a few drugs like the antimonial derivatives and amphotericin B. Moreover, these drugs are not only expensive, but they can also cause severe side effects and require long-term treatment. Therefore, it is very important to find new compounds that are effective against leishmaniasis. In the present work we evaluated a new group of synthetic amides against the promastigote and amastigote forms of L...
November 22, 2016: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882934/macrophage-dependent-il-1%C3%AE-production-induces-cardiac-arrhythmias-in-diabetic-mice
#16
Gustavo Monnerat, Micaela L Alarcón, Luiz R Vasconcellos, Camila Hochman-Mendez, Guilherme Brasil, Rosana A Bassani, Oscar Casis, Daniela Malan, Leonardo H Travassos, Marisa Sepúlveda, Juan Ignacio Burgos, Martin Vila-Petroff, Fabiano F Dutra, Marcelo T Bozza, Claudia N Paiva, Adriana Bastos Carvalho, Adriana Bonomo, Bernd K Fleischmann, Antonio Carlos Campos de Carvalho, Emiliano Medei
Diabetes mellitus (DM) encompasses a multitude of secondary disorders, including heart disease. One of the most frequent and potentially life threatening disorders of DM-induced heart disease is ventricular tachycardia (VT). Here we show that toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) and NLRP3 inflammasome activation in cardiac macrophages mediate the production of IL-1β in DM mice. IL-1β causes prolongation of the action potential duration, induces a decrease in potassium current and an increase in calcium sparks in cardiomyocytes, which are changes that underlie arrhythmia propensity...
November 24, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878226/psychometric-properties-of-multidimensional-health-locus-of-control-a-and-general-self-efficacy-scale-in-civil-servants-elsa-brasil-musculoskeletal-study-elsa-brasil-msk
#17
Luciana A C Machado, Rosa W Telles, Luciana Costa-Silva, Sandhi M Barreto
Background: Health-related control and self-efficacy beliefs can be assessed in the general population using Multidimensional Health Locus of Control-A subscales (MHLC-A) and the General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES), respectively. Objective: To test construct validity, internal consistency, reliability (test-retest) and ceiling and floor effects of Portuguese-Brazil versions of MHLC-A and GSES. Method: Civil servants (N=2901) enrolled in a large Brazilian cohort were included...
June 30, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878220/diagnosis-of-compliance-of-health-care-product-processing-in-primary-health-care
#18
Camila Eugenia Roseira, Darlyani Mariano da Silva, Isis Pienta Batista Dias Passos, Fabiana Souza Orlandi, Maria Clara Padoveze, Rosely Moralez de Figueiredo
Objective: identify the compliance of health care product processing in Primary Health Care and assess possible differences in the compliance among the services characterized as Primary Health Care Service and Family Health Service. Method: quantitative, observational, descriptive and inferential study with the application of structure, process and outcome indicators of the health care product processing at ten services in an interior city of the State of São Paulo - Brazil...
November 21, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861680/hospitalizations-owing-to-ambulatory-care-sensitive-conditions-in-florianopolis-santa-catarina-an-ecological-study-2001-2011
#19
Vinicius Paim Brasil, Juvenal Soares Dias da Costa
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate trends in rates of hospitalizations owing to ambulatory care sensitive conditions in the municipality of Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil, from 2001 to 2011, and to assess correlation with the public health expendutures Family Health Strategy (FHS) population coverage. METHODS: this was an ecological study using Ministry of Health secondary data; data were analyzed using Poisson Regression. RESULTS: the regression coefficient was 0...
January 2016: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849293/costs-of-the-smoking-cessation-program-in-brazil
#20
Andréa Cristina Rosa Mendes, Cristiana Maria Toscano, Rosilene Marques de Souza Barcellos, Alvaro Luis Pereira Ribeiro, Jonas Bohn Ritzel, Valéria de Souza Cunha, Bruce Bartholow Duncan
OBJECTIVE: To assess the costs of the Smoking Cessation Program in the Brazilian Unified Health System and estimate the cost of its full implementation in a Brazilian municipality. METHODS: The intensive behavioral therapy and treatment for smoking cessation includes consultations, cognitive-behavioral group therapy sessions, and use of medicines. The costs of care and management of the program were estimated using micro-costing methods. The full implementation of the program in the municipality of Goiania, Goias was set as its expansion to meet the demand of all smokers motivated to quit in the municipality that would seek care at Brazilian Unified Health System...
November 10, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
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