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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646785/higher-cardio-respiratory-fitness-is-associated-with-increased-mental-and-physical-quality-of-life-in-people-with-bipolar-disorder-a-controlled-pilot-study
#1
Davy Vancampfort, Noemi Hagemann, Sabine Wyckaert, Simon Rosenbaum, Brendon Stubbs, Joseph Firth, Felipe B Schuch, Michel Probst, Pascal Sienaert
The aim of this study was to investigate whether cardiorespiratory fitness among outpatients with bipolar disorder is associated with health related quality of life (HRQL) and explore differences versus healthy controls. Outpatients with bipolar disorder and healthy controls matched for age, sex and body mass index completed the 36-item Short Form Health Survey, the Positive-and-Negative-Affect-Schedule (PANAS), a maximal cardiorespiratory fitness test, and wore a Sensewear Armband to measure physical activity and sedentary behavior for eight days...
June 19, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646335/the-role-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-predicting-daily-pain-and-fatigue-in-older-adults-a-diary-study
#2
Saengryeol Park, Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Jet J C S Veldhuijzen van Zanten, Nikos Ntoumanis
BACKGROUND: Little attention has been paid to within-person daily associations among light physical activity (PA), moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and sedentary behavior (SB) with subsequent bodily pain and fatigue. Daily reports of pain and fatigue are less likely to be affected by recall bias and to conflate days of high and low pain/fatigue into one overall score. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine daily within-person associations between pain, fatigue, and physical health and ascertain whether such associations are moderated by individual differences in these variables...
June 23, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645895/multiparity-improves-outcomes-after-cerebral-ischemia-in-female-mice-despite-features-of-increased-metabovascular-risk
#3
Rodney M Ritzel, Anita R Patel, Monica Spychala, Rajkumar Verma, Joshua Crapser, Edward C Koellhoffer, Anna Schrecengost, Evan R Jellison, Liang Zhu, Venugopal Reddy Venna, Louise D McCullough
Females show a varying degree of ischemic sensitivity throughout their lifespan, which is not fully explained by hormonal or genetic factors. Epidemiological data suggest that sex-specific life experiences such as pregnancy increase stroke risk. This work evaluated the role of parity on stroke outcome. Age-matched virgin (i.e., nulliparous) and multiparous mice were subjected to 60 min of reversible middle cerebral artery occlusion and evaluated for infarct volume, behavioral recovery, and inflammation. Using an established mating paradigm, fetal microchimeric cells present in maternal mice were also tracked after parturition and stroke...
June 23, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645770/the-association-between-sedentary-time-and-quality-of-life-from-the-osteoarthritis-initiative-who-might-benefit-most-from-treatment
#4
Daniel Pinto, Jing Song, Jungwha Lee, Rowland W Chang, Pamela A Semanik, Linda S Ehrlich-Jones, Christine A Pellegrini, Dorothy D Dunlop
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between sedentary behavior and quality adjusted life years (QALY) among participants in the Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI). DESIGN: 1794 participants from a prospective multicenter, longitudinal cohort were classified into quantile groups based on average daily sedentary time (most sedentary Q1 >=11.6, 10.7<=Q2<11.6, 9.7<=Q3<10.7, least sedentary Q4<9.7 average daily sedentary hours). INTERVENTIONS: None...
June 20, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645330/screen-based-sedentary-behavior-during-adolescence-and-pulmonary-function-in-a-birth-cohort
#5
Bruna Gonçalves C da Silva, Ana M B Menezes, Fernando C Wehrmeister, Fernando C Barros, Michael Pratt
BACKGROUND: Adolescents spend many hours in sitting activities as television viewing, video game playing and computer use. The relationship between sedentary behavior and respiratory health remains poorly elucidated. To date there have been no studies evaluating the relationship between sedentary behavior and pulmonary function in young populations. The purpose of this study is to examine the association between the trajectory of screen-based sedentary behavior from 11 to 18 years and pulmonary function at 18 years in a Brazilian birth cohort...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640232/why-do-children-engage-in-sedentary-behavior-child-and-parent-perceived-determinants
#6
Lisan M Hidding, Teatske M Altenburg, Evi van Ekris, Mai J M Chinapaw
Todays children spend a large amount of their time sedentary. There is limited evidence on the determinants of sedentary behavior in children, and qualitative studies are especially lacking. Therefore, this study aimed to explore determinants of children's sedentary behavior from the child- and parent perspective. Qualitative data were collected during concept mapping sessions with four groups of 11-13 years old children (n = 38) and two online sessions with parents (n = 21). Children and parents generated sedentary behavior motives, sorted related motives, and rated their importance in influencing children's sedentary time...
June 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636644/longitudinal-changes-in-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-and-body-mass-index-in-adolescence-migrations-towards-different-weight-cluster
#7
José Devís-Devís, Jorge Lizandra, Alexandra Valencia-Peris, Esther Pérez-Gimeno, Xavier García-Massò, Carmen Peiró-Velert
This study examined longitudinal changes in physical activity, sedentary behavior and body mass index in adolescents, specifically their migrations towards a different weight cluster. A cohort of 755 adolescents participated in a three-year study. A clustering Self-Organized Maps Analysis was performed to visualize changes in subjects' characteristics between the first and second assessment, and how adolescents were grouped. Also a classification tree was used to identify the behavioral characteristics of the groups that changed their weight cluster...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632496/clustering-of-chronic-diseases-risk-factors-among-adolescents-a-quasi-experimental-study-in-sousse-tunisia
#8
Emna Dendana, Rim Ghammem, Jihene Sahli, Jihen Maatoug, Sihem Ben Fredj, Imed Harrabi, Molka Chaieb, Hassen Ghannem
Background The objective of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a school-based physical activity and nutritional behavior intervention, on the reduction of clustering of chronic diseases risk factors among school children. Materials and methods A quasi-experimental school-based intervention was conducted with an intervention group and a control group in the region of Sousse in Tunisia. The intervention was implemented between 2010 and 2013, with data collected at pre and at post intervention. Studied risk factors were: smoking, sedentary behavior, low fruit and vegetable intake and obesity...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632175/physical-fitness-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-or-diet-what-are-the-correlates-of-obesity-in-polish-school-children
#9
Stanisław H Czyż, Abel L Toriola, Wojciech Starościak, Marek Lewandowski, Yvonne Paul, Adewale L Oyeyemi
There is substantial evidence of rising prevalence of overweight and obesity and its co-morbidities among children in western-high income developed countries. In the European Union, the prevalence of overweight and obesity is increasing fastest among Polish children. Yet, there is paucity of evidence on the relationship of behavioral factors with body weight status of children in Poland. This study examined the association of obesity with physical fitness, physical activity, sedentary behavior and diet among Polish children...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631241/improving-self-management-of-type-2-diabetes-in-overweight-and-inactive-patients-through-an-educational-and-motivational-intervention-addressing-diet-and-physical-activity-a-prospective-study-in-naples-south-italy
#10
Francesca Gallé, Valeria Di Onofrio, Assunta Cirella, Mirella Di Dio, Alessandra Miele, Tiziana Spinosa, Giorgio Liguori
INTRODUCTION: Nutrition and physical activity are key elements in the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes. A community-based, multidisciplinary educational intervention aimed to improve quality of life and disease self-management in sedentary, overweight/obese type 2 diabetic patients was implemented in Naples, South Italy. METHODS: The 9-month intervention included a motivational program, a nutrition program, and an exercise program. Satisfaction, worry, and embarrassment regarding their condition, together with disease-related behaviors and propensity towards physical activity, were evaluated through a validated questionnaire before and after the intervention; health status perception was evaluated through the short-form 12 questionnaire...
June 19, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629222/associations-of-parental-self-efficacy-with-diet-physical-activity-body-composition-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-swedish-preschoolers-results-from-the-ministop-trial
#11
Niyati Parekh, Pontus Henriksson, Christine Delisle Nyström, Kristin Silfvernagel, Jonatan R Ruiz, Francisco B Ortega, Jeremy Pomeroy, Marie Löf
BACKGROUND: High parental self-efficacy (PSE) has been associated with healthy diets and higher levels of physical activity (PA) in children; however, data on PSE in relation to body weight and body composition are scarce. The objective of this study was to investigate associations of PSE with measures of diet, PA, body composition, and physical fitness in early childhood. METHOD: We used baseline data from the MINISTOP trial in healthy Swedish children ( n = 301; 4...
June 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629200/level-of-sedentary-behavior-and-its-associated-factors-among-saudi-women-working-in-office-based-jobs-in-saudi-arabia
#12
Nada M Albawardi, Hoda Jradi, Abdulla A Almalki, Hazzaa M Al-Hazzaa
Research in Saudi Arabia has revealed a shocking level of insufficiently physically active adults, particularly women. The risk of sedentary behavior will likely increase as the number of women with office-based jobs increases. The aim of this study is to determine the level of sedentary behavior, and its associated factors, among Saudi women working office-based jobs in the city of Riyadh. A cross-sectional study of 420 Saudi female employees at 8 office-based worksites were measured to determine body mass index and were given a self-administered survey to evaluate their level of physical activity and sedentary behavior...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628384/-pok%C3%A3-mon-go-may-promote-walking-discourage-sedentary-behavior-in-college-students
#13
Jacob E Barkley, Andrew Lepp, Ellen L Glickman
OBJECTIVE: To assess self-reported walking and sedentary behavior in young adults before and after downloading "Pokémon Go!". MATERIALS AND METHODS: In September 2016, a sample of 358 (19.8 ± 2.1 years old, n = 187 females) college students who had downloaded "Pokémon Go!" on their cellular telephones (i.e., cell phones) were surveyed for weekly walking and sedentary behavior via the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. A single interview was administered to participants who estimated their walking and sedentary behavior at three time points: the week immediately preceding their download of "Pokémon Go!" (Baseline), the first week after downloading the game (Time 1), and the week the survey was completed (Time 2)...
June 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628141/-associations-of-sedentary-behavior-and-physical-activity-with-dyslipidemia
#14
J Zhou, Q Zhou, D P Wang, T Zhang, H J Wang, Y Song, H Z He, M Wang, P Y Wang, A P Liu
OBJECTIVE: To analyze associations of sedentary behavior and physical activity with dyslipidemia among residents in Wuhai city. METHODS: Data about social demographic characteristics, life style, health status and other covariate required for analysis in this study was obtained from a cross-sectional study on a total of 11 497 18-79 years old residents in Wuhai City by questionnaire, body mea-surement and laboratory examination. In this study, sedentary behavior and physical activity were evaluated using international physical activity questionnaire long version (IPAQ)...
June 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626626/television-viewing-time-among-statin-users-and-non-users-the-polish-norwegian-study-pons
#15
Georgeta D Vaidean, Sandeep S Vansal, Marta Manczuk
Sedentary behavior has emerged as an independent cardiovascular disease risk factor. Uncertainty exists about the behaviors of statin users, who may exhibit either a healthy adherer or a false reassurance effect. We conducted this study in order to assess and compare TV viewing among statin users and nonusers. We used data from a cross-sectional study of 12,754 participants, from south-east Poland, age 45 to 64 years in 2010-11. Statin use during last 30 days was recorded by trained nurses. Participants reported time spent viewing TV/week...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625084/objectively-assessed-physical-activity-and-associated-factors-of-sedentary-behavior-among-survivors-of-stroke-living-in-cape-town-south-africa
#16
Conran Joseph, David Conradsson, Maria Hagströmer, Isa Lawal, Anthea Rhoda
PURPOSE: To investigate objectively measured physical activity in stroke survivors living in low-income areas of Cape Town, South Africa, specifically to: (a) describe the volume of daily physical activity and time spent in different intensity levels and (b) investigate the association of factors covering the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health with sedentary behavior. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used, where forty-five ambulatory community-dwelling stroke survivors participated...
June 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623143/changes-in-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-during-cardiac-rehabilitation
#17
Nienke Ter Hoeve, Madoka Sunamura, Myrna E van Geffen, Malou H J Fanchamps, Herwin L D Horemans, Johannes B J Bussmann, Henk J Stam, Ron T van Domburg, Rita J G van den Berg-Emons
OBJECTIVE: To objectively measure changes in both moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behavior (SB) during and after standard cardiac rehabilitation (CR). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study SETTING: Outpatient CR center PARTICIPANTS: 135 patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) who completed CR. INTERVENTION: Multi-disciplinary CR according to current guidelines MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The proportion of time spent in MVPA and SB was objectively measured with an accelerometer...
June 13, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613270/a-socio-ecological-examination-of-weight-related-characteristics-of-the-home-environment-and-lifestyles-of-households-with-young-children
#18
Virginia Quick, Jennifer Martin-Biggers, Gayle Alleman Povis, Nobuko Hongu, John Worobey, Carol Byrd-Bredbenner
Home environment and family lifestyle practices have an influence on child obesity risk, thereby making it critical to systematically examine these factors. Thus, parents (n = 489) of preschool children completed a cross-sectional online survey which was the baseline data collection conducted, before randomization, in the HomeStyles program. The survey comprehensively assessed these factors using a socio-ecological approach, incorporating intrapersonal, interpersonal and environmental measures. Healthy intrapersonal dietary behaviors identified were parent and child intakes of recommended amounts of 100% juice and low intakes of sugar-sweetened beverages...
June 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613259/lifestyle-patterns-and-weight-status-in-spanish-adults-the-anibes-study
#19
Carmen Pérez-Rodrigo, Marta Gianzo-Citores, Ángel Gil, Marcela González-Gross, Rosa M Ortega, Lluis Serra-Majem, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras, Javier Aranceta-Bartrina
Limited knowledge is available on lifestyle patterns in Spanish adults. We investigated dietary patterns and possible meaningful clustering of physical activity, sedentary behavior, sleep time, and smoking in Spanish adults aged 18-64 years and their association with obesity. Analysis was based on a subsample (n = 1617) of the cross-sectional ANIBES study in Spain. We performed exploratory factor analysis and subsequent cluster analysis of dietary patterns, physical activity, sedentary behaviors, sleep time, and smoking...
June 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608606/waist-to-height-ratio-and-its-association-with-tv-viewing-in-a-sample-of-portuguese-children-aged-7-9-years
#20
Aristides M Machado-Rodrigues, João Valente-Dos-Santos, Romulo Fernandes, Augusta Gama, Isabel Mourao, Helena Nogueira, Vitor Marques, Cristina Padez
INTRODUCTION: During the past decades, increased TV viewing and reduced physical activity (PA) levels may have contributed to the increased prevalence of pediatric obesity. This study aimed to analyze the association between TV viewing and central adiposity risk in Portuguese children. METHODS: The sample comprised 3987 children (1997 girls and 1990 boys) aged 7-9 years. Height, weight, and waist circumference (WC) were measured. Waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) was calculated as the ratio of waist/height with a cut-off of 0...
June 13, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
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