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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903293/-sedentary-behavior-during-leisure-time-and-social-determinants-among-chinese-adults-in-2010-2012
#1
Haijun Guo, Caicui Ding, Fan Yuan, Yan Zhang, Zheng Chen, Ailing Liu
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the leisure time sedentary behavior and related sociodemographic factors among Chinese adults. METHODS: The data were collected by the physical activity questionnaire of 2012 Chinese Nutrition and Health Survey, a total of142 369 subjects aged 18 years and over( male 62 563, female 79 806) were investigated about their sedentary behavior in leisure time. RESULTS: The average hour of total sedentary activities was 2. 66 h/d...
September 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903009/a-comparison-of-standard-and-compositional-data-analysis-in-studies-addressing-group-differences-in-sedentary-behavior-and-physical-activity
#2
Nidhi Gupta, Svend Erik Mathiassen, Glòria Mateu-Figueras, Marina Heiden, David M Hallman, Marie Birk Jørgensen, Andreas Holtermann
BACKGROUND: Data on time spent in physical activity, sedentary behavior and sleep during a day is compositional in nature, i.e. they add up to a constant value. Compositional data have fundamentally different properties from unconstrained data in real space, and require other analytical procedures, referred to as compositional data analysis (CoDA). Most physical activity and sedentary behavior studies, however, still apply analytical procedures adapted to data in real space, which can lead to misleading results...
June 15, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896064/social-ecological-model-as-a-framework-for-understanding-screen-time-and-sedentary-behavior-among-arab-adolescents
#3
EDITORIAL
Juliann Saquib
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895760/implementation-of-active-workstations-in-university-libraries-a-comparison-of-portable-pedal-exercise-machines-and-standing-desks
#4
Camille Bastien Tardif, Maude Cantin, Sylvain Sénécal, Pierre-Majorique Léger, Élise Labonté-Lemoyne, Mickael Begon, Marie-Eve Mathieu
Sedentary behaviors are an important issue worldwide, as prolonged sitting time has been associated with health problems. Recently, active workstations have been developed as a strategy to counteract sedentary behaviors. The present study examined the rationale and perceptions of university students’ and staff following their first use of an active workstation in library settings. Ninety-nine volunteers completed a self-administered questionnaire after using a portable pedal exercise machine (PPEM) or a standing desk (SD)...
June 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895516/physical-wellness-among-gaming-adults-cross-sectional-study
#5
James Arnaez, Georgia Frey, Donetta Cothran, Margaret Lion, Andrea Chomistek
BACKGROUND: Video and hobby gaming are immensely popular among adults; however, associations between gaming and health have primarily been investigated in children and adolescents. Furthermore, most research has focused on electronic gaming, despite traditional hobby gaming gaining prominence. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the number of platforms used, platform preference, and gaming time are associated with obesity, physical activity, sedentary behavior, and cardiovascular risk factors in an adult gaming population...
June 12, 2018: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894512/physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-relation-to-mortality-among-renal-cell-cancer-survivors
#6
Daniela Schmid, Charles E Matthews, Michael F Leitzmann
BACKGROUND: The relations of physical activity and sedentary behavior to mortality risk among patients with renal cell cancer have not yet been evaluated. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study among 667 renal cell cancer survivors aged 50-71 years of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)-AARP Diet and Health Study with a median follow-up time of 7.1 years. Post-diagnosis physical activity, TV viewing, and total sitting time were assessed using self-administered questionnaires...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893610/associations-between-sedentary-behavior-physical-activity-and-out-of-pocket-health-care-expenditure-evidence-from-chinese-older-adults
#7
Hongjun Yu, Andiara Schwingel
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the associations between sedentary behavior, physical activity, and health care expenditures among Chinese older adults. METHOD: We conducted a survey on 4,165 older men and women living in major cities in China. Sedentary behavior and physical activity were measured by the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE) questionnaire. Healthcare costs were assessed by self-reported out-of-pocket health care expenditures across outpatient care, inpatient care, medication, and formal caregiver expenses...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889652/associations-of-subjective-social-status-with-accelerometer-based-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-among-adolescents
#8
Katja Rajala, Anna Kankaanpää, Kaarlo Laine, Hannu Itkonen, Elizabeth Goodman, Tuija Tammelin
This study examined the associations of subjective social status (SSS) with physical activity (PA) and sedentary time (ST) among adolescents. The study population consisted of 420 Finnish adolescents aged 13 to 14 years. The adolescents reported their own SSS within their school (school SSS) and their family's social position within society (society SSS) based on the youth version of the Subjective Social Status Scale. Adolescents' moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) and ST were measured objectively by accelerometers and analyzed separately for the whole day and the school day...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887821/green-schoolyards-in-low-income-urban-neighborhoods-natural-spaces-for-positive-youth-development-outcomes
#9
Carolyn R Bates, Amy M Bohnert, Dana E Gerstein
Children from low-income families are increasingly growing up in urban areas with limited access to nature. In these environments, strategies that promote access to natural outdoor spaces, such as green schoolyards, may enhance positive youth development outcomes by promoting physical activity (PA) and prosocial behavior, as well as increasing perceptions of safety. The current study examines children's PA and social interactions, as well as caregiver and teacher perceptions of safety, injuries, teasing/bullying, and gang activity on three newly renovated green schoolyards in low-income urban neighborhoods...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887787/modifiable-lifestyle-factors-opportunities-for-hereditary-breast-cancer-prevention-a-narrative-review
#10
REVIEW
Jacqueline Lammert, Sabine Grill, Marion Kiechle
Increasing rates of obesity, lack of physical activity, sedentary behavior, and frequent alcohol consumption are major lifestyle-related risk factors for breast cancer. In fact, it has been estimated that about one-third of breast cancer cases are attributable to factors women can change. Most research has focused on examining the impact of one single exposure on breast cancer risk while adjusting for other risk modifiers. Capitalizing on big data, major efforts have been made to evaluate the combined impact of well-established lifestyle factors on overall breast cancer risk...
April 2018: Breast Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29883321/one-year-changes-in-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-among-adolescents-the-croatian-physical-activity-in-adolescence-longitudinal-study-cro-pals
#11
Lovro Štefan, Maroje Sorić, Antonela Devrnja, Vilko Petrić, Marjeta Mišigoj-Duraković
Background Little is known about the concurrent change in physical activity (PA), sedentary behavior (SB) and sport participation (SP) during adolescence. The main purpose of this prospective and partly objective study was to simultaneously investigate PA, SBs and SP changes between the 1st and 2nd grades of high school in urban adolescents. Methods In this 1-year follow-up study, the participants were 81 secondary-school students (28 boys and 53 girls) aged 15.5 years at the baseline. PA was assessed with the SenseWear Armband multi-sensor activity monitor, while SBs were assessed by using School Health Action, Planning and Evaluation System (SHAPES) PA questionnaire...
June 8, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880148/inducing-more-sleep-on-school-nights-reduces-sedentary-behavior-without-affecting-physical-activity-in-short-sleeping-adolescents
#12
Tori R Van Dyk, Kendra N Krietsch, Brian E Saelens, Catharine Whitacre, Shealan McAlister, Dean W Beebe
OBJECTIVES/BACKGROUND: Short sleep duration during adolescence is associated with increased dietary intake and greater risk for overweight/obesity. However, findings are mixed on the relationship between sleep and physical activity (PA) during the school year, when short sleep duration is most common. Furthermore, there is concern that increasing sleep duration may interfere with opportunities for PA, yet this has not been directly tested. This study examined the impact of an at-home experimental sleep extension protocol on PA during the school year among short-sleeping adolescents...
July 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880049/risetx-testing-the-feasibility-of-a-web-application-for-reducing-sedentary-behavior-among-prostate-cancer-survivors-receiving-androgen-deprivation-therapy
#13
Linda Trinh, Kelly P Arbour-Nicitopoulos, Catherine M Sabiston, Scott R Berry, Andrew Loblaw, Shabbir M H Alibhai, Jennifer M Jones, Guy E Faulkner
BACKGROUND: Given the high levels of sedentary time and treatment-related side effects in prostate cancer survivors (PCS), interventions targeting sedentary behavior (SED) may be more sustainable compared to physical activity (PA). PURPOSE: To examine the feasibility of a web-based intervention (RiseTx) for reducing SED and increasing moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) among PCS undergoing ADT. Secondary outcomes include changes in SED, MVPA, light intensity PA, and quality of life...
June 7, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879948/acceptability-of-a-sitting-reduction-intervention-for-older-adults-with-obesity
#14
Theresa E Matson, Anne D Renz, Michelle L Takemoto, Jennifer B McClure, Dori E Rosenberg
BACKGROUND: Older adults spend more time sitting than any other age group, contributing to poor health outcomes. Effective behavioral interventions are needed to encourage less sitting among older adults, specifically those with obesity, but these programs must be acceptable to the target population. We explored participant acceptance of a theory-based and technology-enhanced sitting reduction intervention designed for older adults (I-STAND). METHODS: The 12-week I-STAND intervention consisted of 6 health coaching contacts, a study workbook, a Jawbone UP band to remind participants to take breaks from sitting, and feedback on sitting behaviors (generated from wearing an activPAL device for 7 days at the beginning and mid-point of the study)...
June 7, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879399/the-effects-of-volume-versus-intensity-of-long-term-voluntary-exercise-on-physiology-and-behavior-in-c57-bl6-mice
#15
Lisa S Robison, Dominique L Popescu, Maria E Anderson, Steven I Beigelman, Shannon M Fitzgerald, Antonina E Kuzmina, David A Lituma, Sarima Subzwari, Michalis Michaelos, Brenda J Anderson, William E Van Nostrand, John K Robinson
Cardiovascular exercise (CVE) is associated with healthy aging and reduced risk of disease in humans, with similar benefits seen in animals. Most rodent studies, however, have used shorter intervention periods of a few weeks to a few months, begging questions as to the effects of longer-term, or even life-long exercise. Additionally, most animal studies have utilized a single exercise treatment group - usually unlimited running wheel access - resulting in large volumes of exercise that are not clinically relevant...
June 4, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877610/associations-of-abdominal-muscle-area-and-radiodensity-with-adiponectin-and-leptin-the-multiethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#16
Chantal A Vella, Mary Cushman, Rachel B Van Hollebeke, Matthew A Allison
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the associations of muscle area and radiodensity with adiponectin and leptin. METHODS: A total of 1,944 participants who enrolled in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis underwent computed tomography to quantify body composition and measurements of adiponectin, leptin, interleukin-6, C-reactive protein, and resistin. RESULTS: The mean age and BMI of participants were 64.7 years and 28.1 kg/m2 and 49% were female...
June 7, 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875450/voluntary-wheel-running-promotes-resilience-to-chronic-social-defeat-stress-in-mice-a-role-for-nucleus-accumbens-%C3%AE-fosb
#17
Joram D Mul, Marion Soto, Michael E Cahill, Rebecca E Ryan, Hirokazu Takahashi, Kawai So, Jia Zheng, Denise E Croote, Michael F Hirshman, Susanne E la Fleur, Eric J Nestler, Laurie J Goodyear
Elucidating mechanisms by which physical exercise promotes resilience, the brain's ability to cope with prolonged stress exposure while maintaining normal psychological functioning, is a major research challenge given the high prevalence of stress-related mental disorders, including major depressive disorder. Chronic voluntary wheel running (VWR), a rodent model that mimics aspects of human physical exercise, induces the transcription factor ΔFosB in the nucleus accumbens (NAc), a key reward-related brain area...
May 24, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868543/clustering-of-multiple-risk-behaviors-among-a-sample-of-18-year-old-australians-and-associations-with-mental-health-outcomes-a-latent-class-analysis
#18
Katrina E Champion, Marius Mather, Bonnie Spring, Frances Kay-Lambkin, Maree Teesson, Nicola C Newton
Introduction: Risk behaviors commonly co-occur, typically emerge in adolescence, and become entrenched by adulthood. This study investigated the clustering of established (physical inactivity, diet, smoking, and alcohol use) and emerging (sedentary behavior and sleep) chronic disease risk factors among young Australian adults, and examined how clusters relate to mental health. Methods: The sample was derived from the long-term follow-up of a cohort of Australians...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868390/sustained-impact-of-the-healthy-habits-healthy-girls-brazil-school-based-randomized-controlled-trial-for-adolescents-living-in-low-income-communities
#19
Ana Carolina Barco Leme, Tom Baranowski, Debbe Thompson, Theresa Nicklas, Sonia Tucunduva Philippi
Pediatric obesity is a major public health concern in low- and middle-income countries, such as Brazil. There is an urgent need for preventive programs for adolescents and, the assessment of their sustained impact. This paper reports the longer-term (6-month post intervention) effects of the "H3G-Brazil" obesity prevention program on weight status and weight-related behaviors. A cluster randomized controlled trial starting with 10 public schools in the city of São Paulo, Brazil involved 253 adolescent girls [mean (se) age = 15...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868389/physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-measured-using-hip-and-wrist-worn-accelerometers
#20
Kathryn R Hesketh, Kelly R Evenson, Marissa Stroo, Shayna M Clancy, Truls Østbye, Sara E Benjamin-Neelon
Background: Physical activity in pregnancy and postpartum is beneficial to mothers and infants. To advance knowledge of objective physical activity measurement during these periods, this study compares hip to wrist accelerometer compliance; assesses convergent validity (correlation) between hip- and wrist-worn accelerometry; and assesses change in physical activity from pregnancy to postpartum. Methods: We recruited women during pregnancy ( n  = 100; 2014-2015), asking them to wear hip and wrist accelerometers for 7 days during Trimester 2 (T2), Trimester 3 (T3), and 3-, 6-, 9- and 12-months postpartum...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
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