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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214544/can-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-studies-help-with-the-optimization-of-health-messaging-for-lifestyle-behavior-change-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Maxine E Whelan, Paul S Morgan, Lauren B Sherar, Mark W Orme, Dale W Esliger
Unhealthy behaviors, including smoking, poor nutrition, excessive alcohol consumption, physical inactivity and sedentary lifestyles, are global risk factors for non-communicable diseases and premature death. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) offers a unique approach to optimize health messages by examining how the brain responds to information relating to health. Our aim was to systematically review fMRI studies that have investigated variations in brain activation in response to health messages relating to (i) smoking; (ii) alcohol consumption; (iii) physical activity; (iv) diet; and (v) sedentary behavior...
February 15, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210957/forced-treadmill-exercise-prevents-spatial-memory-deficits-in-aged-rats-probably-through-the-activation-of-na-k-atpase-in-the-hippocampus
#2
Cláudia Vanzella, Eduardo Farias Sanches, Felipe Kawa Odorcyk, Fabrício Nicola, Janaína Kolling, Aline Longoni, Tiago Marcon Dos Santos, Angela Terezinha de Souza Wyse, Carlos Alexandre Netto
Regular physical activity has shown to improve the quality of life and to prevent age-related memory deficits. Memory processing requires proper regulation of several enzymes such as sodium-potassium adenosine triphosphatase (Na(+), K(+)-ATPase) and acetylcholinesterase (AChE), which have a pivotal role in neuronal transmission. The present study investigated the effects of a treadmill running protocol in young (3 months), mature (6 months) and aged (22 months) Wistar rats, on: (a) cognitive function, as assessed in the Water maze spatial tasks; (b) Na(+), K(+)-ATPase and AChE activities in the hippocampus following cognitive training alone or treadmill running combined with cognitive training...
February 16, 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210884/energy-balance-and-obesity-what-are-the-main-drivers
#3
Isabelle Romieu, Laure Dossus, Simón Barquera, Hervé M Blottière, Paul W Franks, Marc Gunter, Nahla Hwalla, Stephen D Hursting, Michael Leitzmann, Barrie Margetts, Chizuru Nishida, Nancy Potischman, Jacob Seidell, Magdalena Stepien, Youfa Wang, Klaas Westerterp, Pattanee Winichagoon, Martin Wiseman, Walter C Willett
PURPOSE: The aim of this paper is to review the evidence of the association between energy balance and obesity. METHODS: In December 2015, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), Lyon, France convened a Working Group of international experts to review the evidence regarding energy balance and obesity, with a focus on Low and Middle Income Countries (LMIC). RESULTS: The global epidemic of obesity and the double burden, in LMICs, of malnutrition (coexistence of undernutrition and overnutrition) are both related to poor quality diet and unbalanced energy intake...
February 17, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193866/the-ets-5-transcription-factor-regulates-activity-states-in-caenorhabditis-elegans-by-controlling-satiety
#4
Vaida Juozaityte, David Pladevall-Morera, Agnieszka Podolska, Steffen Nørgaard, Brent Neumann, Roger Pocock
Animal behavior is shaped through interplay among genes, the environment, and previous experience. As in mammals, satiety signals induce quiescence in Caenorhabditis elegans Here we report that the C. elegans transcription factor ETS-5, an ortholog of mammalian FEV/Pet1, controls satiety-induced quiescence. Nutritional status has a major influence on C. elegans behavior. When foraging, food availability controls behavioral state switching between active (roaming) and sedentary (dwelling) states; however, when provided with high-quality food, C...
February 13, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193271/demographic-correlates-of-screen-time-and-objectively-measured-sedentary-time-and-physical-activity-among-toddlers-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Valerie Carson, Nicholas Kuzik
BACKGROUND: Determining the most important demographic correlates of sedentary behavior and physical activity will help identify the groups of children that are most in need of intervention. Little is known in regards to the demographic correlates of sedentary behavior and physical activity in toddlers (aged 12-35 months), where long-term behavioral patterns may initially be formed. Therefore, the objective of this study was to examine the associations between demographic correlates and specific types of sedentary behavior and physical activity in this age group...
February 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193194/the-objective-physical-activity-and-cardiovascular-disease-health-in-older-women-opach-study
#6
Andrea Z LaCroix, Eileen Rillamas-Sun, David Buchner, Kelly R Evenson, Chongzhi Di, I-Min Lee, Steve Marshall, Michael J LaMonte, Julie Hunt, Lesley Fels Tinker, Marcia Stefanick, Cora E Lewis, John Bellettiere, Amy H Herring
BACKGROUND: Limited evidence exists to inform physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior guidelines for older people, especially women. Rigorous evidence on the amounts, intensities, and movement patterns associated with better health in later life is needed. METHODS/DESIGN: The Objective PA and Cardiovascular Health (OPACH) Study is an ancillary study to the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) Program that examines associations of accelerometer-assessed PA and sedentary behavior with cardiovascular and fall events...
February 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187199/differences-in-gut-microbiota-profile-between-women-with-active-lifestyle-and-sedentary-women
#7
Carlo Bressa, María Bailén-Andrino, Jennifer Pérez-Santiago, Rocío González-Soltero, Margarita Pérez, Maria Gregoria Montalvo-Lominchar, Jose Luis Maté-Muñoz, Raúl Domínguez, Diego Moreno, Mar Larrosa
Physical exercise is a tool to prevent and treat some of the chronic diseases affecting the world's population. A mechanism through which exercise could exert beneficial effects in the body is by provoking alterations to the gut microbiota, an environmental factor that in recent years has been associated with numerous chronic diseases. Here we show that physical exercise performed by women to at least the degree recommended by the World Health Organization can modify the composition of gut microbiota. Using high-throughput sequencing of the 16s rRNA gene, eleven genera were found to be significantly different between active and sedentary women...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187102/physical-activity-behavior-predicts-endogenous-pain-modulation-in-older-adults
#8
Kelly M Naugle, Thomas Ohlman, Keith E Naugle, Zachary A Riley, NiCole R Keith
Older adults compared with younger adults are characterized by greater endogenous pain facilitation and a reduced capacity to endogenously inhibit pain, potentially placing them at a greater risk for chronic pain. Previous research suggests that higher levels of self-reported physical activity are associated with more effective pain inhibition and less pain facilitation on quantitative sensory tests in healthy adults. However, no studies have directly tested the relationship between physical activity behavior and pain modulatory function in older adults...
March 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185657/physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-breast-and-colon-cancer-survivors-relative-to-adults-without-cancer
#9
Joyce W Shi, Robert J MacInnis, Terry Boyle, Jeff K Vallance, Elisabeth A H Winkler, Brigid M Lynch
OBJECTIVE: To assess differences in accelerometer-assessed moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA), light-intensity physical activity, and sedentary time between cancer survivors and adults without cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Accelerometer data collected from 241 breast cancer survivors (ACCEL-Breast study, 2013) and 171 colon cancer survivors (ACCEL-Colon study, 2012-2013) were pooled with data collected from adults without cancer (Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle accelerometer substudy, 2011-2012)...
February 6, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182671/screen-based-sedentary-time-association-with-soft-drink-consumption-and-the-moderating-effect-of-parental-education-in-european-children-the-energy-study
#10
Mekdes K Gebremariam, Mai J Chinapaw, Bettina Bringolf-Isler, Elling Bere, Eva Kovacs, Maïté Verloigne, F Marijn Stok, Yannis Manios, Johannes Brug, Nanna Lien
AIM: The aim of the present study was to explore if children who spend more time on screen-based sedentary behaviors (i.e.TV viewing and computer use) drink more sugar-sweetened soft drinks. The study also assessed whether these associations were independent of individual and home environmental correlates of soft drink consumption and whether they were moderated by parental education. METHODS: Data were collected from 7886 children participating in the EuropeaN Energy balance Research to prevent excessive weight Gain among Youth (ENERGY) survey conducted in eight European countries...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182058/physical-activity-among-dental-health-professionals-in-hyderabad-city-a-questionnaire-survey
#11
Adepu Srilatha, Dolar Doshi, M Padma Reddy, Suhas Kulkarni, B Srikanth Reddy, Sahithi Reddy
BACKGROUND: To assess and compare physical activity based on age, gender, marital status, education, and employment among dental health professionals in Hyderabad City, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire study was conducted among dentists and they were personally interviewed by a single trained interviewer. The frequency (in days) and time (in minutes) spent in doing vigorous- and moderate-intensity activity in a typical week in three domains and sedentary behavior were assessed using 16-item Global Physical Activity Questionnaire...
November 2016: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181713/prospective-relationship-between-objectively-measured-light-physical-activity-and-depressive-symptoms-in-later-life
#12
Po-Wen Ku, Andrew Steptoe, Yung Liao, Wen-Jung Sun, Li-Jung Chen
BACKGROUND: The use of self-report measures of physical activity is a serious methodological weakness in many studies of physical activity and depressive symptoms. It is still equivocal whether light physical activity protects older adults from depressive symptoms. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore whether objectively measured light physical activity, independent of sedentary and moderate-to-vigorous activity, is associated with a reduced risk of subsequent depressive symptoms in older adults...
February 9, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181052/implications-of-social-groups-on-sedentary-behavior-of-children-with-autism-a-pilot-study
#13
Michaela A Schenkelberg, Richard R Rosenkranz, George A Milliken, Kristi Menear, David A Dzewaltowski
This pilot study compared sedentary behavior (SB) of children with autism (ASD) to typically developing peers (TD), and evaluated the influence of social contexts within free play (FP) and organized activity settings on SB of children with ASD during an inclusive summer camp. Participants with ASD were matched with TD peers by age and gender, and a modified OSRAC-P was utilized to assess SB and social context by setting. SB did not differ by diagnosis (ASD, TD), setting, or social contexts. In FP, children with ASD spent significantly more time in SB within social contexts compared to solitary contexts...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180933/voluntary-exercise-improves-murine-dermal-connective-tissue-status-in-high-fat-diet-induced-obesity
#14
Kende Lőrincz, Dóra Haluszka, Norbert Kiss, Nóra Gyöngyösi, András Bánvölgyi, Róbert Szipőcs, Norbert M Wikonkál
Obesity is a risk factor for several cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. Its influence on the skin is less obvious, yet certain negative effects of adipose tissue inflammation on the dermis have been suggested. Excess weight is closely associated with sedentary behavior, so any increase in physical activity is considered beneficial against obesity. To investigate the effects of obesity and physical exercise on the skin, we established a mouse model in which mice were kept either on a high-fat diet or received standard chow...
February 8, 2017: Archives of Dermatological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180056/patterns-and-predictors-of-sitting-time-over-ten-years-in-a-large-population-based-canadian-sample-findings-from-the-canadian-multicentre-osteoporosis-study-camos
#15
Klaus Gebel, Sarah Pont, Ding Ding, Adrian E Bauman, Josephine Y Chau, Claudie Berger, Jerilynn C Prior
Our objective was to describe patterns and predictors of sedentary behavior (sitting time) over 10 years among a large Canadian cohort. Data are from the Canadian Multicentre Osteoporosis Study, a prospective study of women and men randomly selected from the general population. Respondents reported socio-demographics, lifestyle behaviors and health outcomes in interviewer-administered questionnaires; weight and height were measured. Baseline data were collected between 1995 and 1997 (n = 9418; participation rate = 42%), and at 5- (n = 7648) and 10-year follow-ups (n = 5567)...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178034/the-neurobiology-of-health-communication
#16
Peter A Hall, Kirk I Erickson, Peter J Gianaros
This issue of Psychosomatic Medicine describes findings from an innovative study by Kang et al. employing neuroimaging methods to quantify neural responses to health communications. Findings indicated that those sedentary individuals who hold self-transcendent values show attenuated limbic threat responses to communications about the benefits of physical activity. Furthermore, participants who were instructed to articulate such values showed some evidence of additional blunting of the same neural response. In this editorial we provide context for the interpretation of these findings within the existing research using the brain-as-predictor approach, and other recent trends within biobehavioral medicine involving the use of neuroscience methods in the service of health behavior change...
February 7, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169570/effectiveness-of-interventions-for-promoting-objectively-measured-physical-activity-of-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review
#17
Shaima Alothman, Abdalghani Yahya, Jason Rucker, Patricia M Kluding
BACKGROUND: Many people with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are sedentary despite strong recommendations of regular physical activity (PA). Objective measures of PA provide accurate reflection of daily PA level. The purpose of this review was to analyze studies used pedometers or accelerometers to determine the outcome of interventions promoted daily PA in people with T2D. METHODS: An electronic literature search was conducted using the PubMed and CINAHL databases (2000 - 2016), with search terms: sedentary, diabetes, pedometer, physical activity, and accelerometer...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169149/television-viewing-reading-physical-activity-and-brain-development-among-young-south-korean-children
#18
Eun-Young Lee, John C Spence, Valerie Carson
OBJECTIVES: To examine associations between television (TV) viewing, reading, physical activity (PA), and participation in these behaviors with caregivers, and cognitive and linguistic development among young South Korean children aged 0-5 years. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Findings are based on 1870 children in the Korea Children and Youth Survey. All measures were questionnaire-derived. RESULTS: Children who participated in PA for 1-3h/week and for >3h/week were more likely to show high cognitive development (OR=1...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167327/physical-activity-ameliorates-the-association-between-sedentary-behavior-and-cardiometabolic-risk-among-inpatients-with-schizophrenia-a-comparison-versus-controls-using-accelerometry
#19
Brendon Stubbs, Li-Jung Chen, Ming-Shun Chung, Po-Wen Ku
OBJECTIVE: A lack of clarity exists regarding the relationship between objectively measured physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) and cardiometabolic outcomes in people with schizophrenia. We conducted a large study investigating the independent relationships of PA and SB among inpatients with schizophrenia versus healthy controls (HCs). METHODS: A cross sectional study including 199 inpatients with schizophrenia (mean age 44.0years, mean illness duration 23...
January 20, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164463/impact-of-the-feedback-provided-by-a-gastric-electrical-stimulation-system-on-eating-behavior-and-physical-activity-levels
#20
Luca Busetto, Antonio J Torres, Salvador Morales-Conde, Isaias Alarcón Del Agua, Carlo Moretto, Paola Fierabracci, Giuseppe Rovera, Gianni Segato, Miguel A Rubio, Franco Favretti
OBJECTIVE: The closed-loop gastric electrical stimulation (CLGES) abiliti(®) system provides tailored gastric electrical stimulation activated by food entry into the stomach and sensor-based data to medical professionals. The aim of this study was to analyze behavior changes using sensor-based food intake and activity data in participants treated with the CLGES system. METHODS: Food intake and activity data (3D accelerometer) were downloaded at baseline and monthly/bimonthly for 12 months in a subset of patients with obesity (N = 45) participating in a multicenter trial with CLGES...
February 6, 2017: Obesity
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