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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535288/re-associations-of-accelerometry-assessed-and-self-reported-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-with-all-cause-and-cardiovascular-mortality-among-us-adults
#1
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529225/sedentary-behavior-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-among-latino-adults
#2
Valerie Silfee, Stephenie Lemon, Vilma Lora, Milagros Rosal
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behavior has been associated with increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) among primarily White samples, while studies among Latinos have shown mixed results. PURPOSE: To explore relationships between sedentary behavior and CVD risk factors among a sample of Latino adults. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 602 Latino adults. Surveys of sedentary behavior and physical activity were orally administered. Anthropometric measurements included weight, height, waist circumference, and blood pressure...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526365/calibration-and-validation-of-the-youth-activity-profile-the-flashe-study
#3
Pedro F Saint-Maurice, Youngwon Kim, Paul Hibbing, April Y Oh, Frank M Perna, Gregory J Welk
INTRODUCTION: This study describes the calibration and validity of the Youth Activity Profile (YAP) for use in the National Cancer Institute's Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating (FLASHE) study. The calibrated YAP was designed to estimate minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behavior (SB). METHODS: The YAP was calibrated/validated in adolescents (aged 12-17 years) using cross-sectional data from the FLASHE study. Participants wore a GT3X+ ActiGraph on the dominant wrist for 7 days and then completed the YAP...
June 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526364/surveillance-of-youth-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-with-wrist-accelerometry
#4
Youngwon Kim, Paul Hibbing, Pedro F Saint-Maurice, Laura D Ellingson, Erin Hennessy, Dana L Wolff-Hughes, Frank M Perna, Gregory J Welk
INTRODUCTION: Accurate tracking of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) is important to advance public health, but little is known about how to interpret wrist-worn accelerometer data. This study compares youth estimates of SB and moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) obtained using raw and count-based processing methods. METHODS: Data were collected between April and October 2014 for the National Cancer Institute's Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating Study: a cross-sectional Internet-based study of youth/family cancer prevention behaviors...
June 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525406/blood-pressure-among-australian-aboriginal-children
#5
Nicholas Larkins, Armando Teixeira-Pinto, Emily Banks, Hasantha Gunasekera, Alan Cass, Jane Kearnes, Jonathan C Craig
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of elevated blood pressure (BP) and potential predictors of SBP and DBP in urban Australian aboriginal children. METHODS: The Study of Environment on Aboriginal Resilience and Child Health is a prospective cohort study of urban Aboriginal children attending four Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services in New South Wales, Australia. Clinical measures included a manual BP measured by research officers using standardized protocols...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524729/preschoolers-physical-activity-participation-across-a-yearlong-mastery-motivational-climate-intervention
#6
Danielle D Wadsworth, Mary E Rudisill, Peter A Hastie, Jacqueline M Irwin, Mynor G Rodriguez-Hernandez
PURPOSE: This study sought to determine how children's participation in physical activity during a mastery-motivational climate changed during a 20-week intervention and to compare it to children's free-play activity during a typical day at their local day-care facility. METHOD: Twelve 4-year-old children participated in a mastery-motivational climate physical activity program delivered 2 days a week for 20 weeks during a period of 8 months. All children were fitted with an Actigraph GT3X triaxial accelerometer...
May 19, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515831/the-relationship-of-living-environment-with-behavioral-and-fitness-outcomes-by-sex-an-exploratory-study-in-college-aged-students
#7
Kaelah Shaffer, Melissa Bopp, Zack Papalia, Dangaia Sims, Christopher M Bopp
Although physical activity (PA) is associated with several health benefits, there is a marked decline during college years, which is an influential period for the development of health behaviors. This study examined the relationship of neighborhood and living environment with behavioral (PA and sedentary behavior) and fitness outcomes by sex. Participants were college students that participated in a fitness assessment, followed by a survey that measured self-reported exercise and perception of one's environment (sidewalks, crime, traffic, access to PA resources in their neighborhood and/or apartment complex)...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513791/the-prevalence-of-diabetes-mellitus-and-its-associated-factors-in-the-brazilian-adult-population-evidence-from-a-population-based-survey
#8
Luisa Sorio Flor, Monica Rodrigues Campos
Objective: To estimate the prevalence of self-reported diabetes mellitus (DM) and its associated factors among the Brazilian adult population. Methods: The prevalence of DM was assessed in the Survey on Social Dimensions of Inequalities, a national survey with macro-regions representativeness carried out in 2008. Data were collected by a personal face-to-face interview with 12,423 individuals of both sexes, aged over 20 years. The χ2 test at 5.0% was performed in order to identify associated factors, and logistic regression was used to estimate adjusted odds ratios...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513257/factors-associated-with-levels-of-physical-activity-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis-the-role-of-dialysis-versus-non-dialysis-day
#9
Clara Suemi da Costa Rosa, Danilo Yuzo Nishimoto, Ismael Forte Freitas Júnior, Emmanuel Gomes Ciolac, Henrique Luiz Monteiro
BACKGROUND: patients on hemodialysis (HD) report lower physical activity (PA) levels. We analysed factors associated with low levels of PA in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and compared PA on HD day and non-HD. METHODS: 79 patients wore an accelerometer and were classified according to time spent on moderate-vigorous PA (MVPA). Demographic data, BMI, comorbidities, clinical status and health related quality of life (HRQoL) were checked for association with PA...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511710/association-between-leisure-time-physical-activity-preference-and-behavior-evidence-from-the-china-health-nutrition-survey-2004-2011
#10
Junmin Zhou, Denise H Britigan, Shireen S Rajaram, Hongmei Wang, Dejun Su
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that food preference is a good indicator of actual food intake and that sedentary activity preference is a significant predictor of lower physical activity level. But no studies have examined the direct relationship between leisure time physical activity (LTPA) preferences and actual LTPA behavior, especially studies using longitudinal data. This study seeks to determine the association between these two variables, and to assess whether the association differs between urban and rural areas in China...
May 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511083/how-do-type-and-size-of-natural-environments-relate-to-physical-activity-behavior
#11
F M Jansen, D F Ettema, C B M Kamphuis, F H Pierik, M J Dijst
Natural environments (NE) are promoted as places that support physical activity (PA), but evidence on PA distribution across various types and sizes of NE is lacking. Accelerometers and GPS-devices measured PA of Dutch general population adults aged 45-65 years (N=279). Five NE types were distinguished: 'parks', 'recreational area', 'agricultural green', 'forest & moorland', and 'blue space', and four categories of size: 0-3, 3-7, 7-27, and ≥27 ha. Modality (i.e. spatially concentrated PA, walking, jogging, and cycling) and intensity (i...
May 13, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507817/which-psychological-social-and-physical-environmental-characteristics-predict-changes-in-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviors-during-early-retirement-a-longitudinal-study
#12
Delfien Van Dyck, Greet Cardon, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij
BACKGROUND: In the context of healthy ageing, it is necessary to identify opportunities to implement health interventions in order to develop an active lifestyle with sufficient physical activity and limited sedentary time in middle-aged and older adults. The transition to retirement is such an opportunity, as individuals tend to establish new routines at the start of retirement. Before health interventions can be developed, the psychological, social and physical environmental determinants of physical activity and sedentary behaviors during early retirement should be identified, ideally with longitudinal studies...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506666/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-body-mass-index-in-children-aged-9-11-years
#13
Gerson Luis de Moraes Ferrari, Victor Matsudo, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Mauro Fisberg
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify the prevalence and factors associated with body mass index (BMI) in children aged 9-11 years. METHODS: The study is part of the International Study of Childhood Obesity Lifestyle and the Environment (ISCOLE). Body composition was determined using the bipolar bioimpedance technique. The mean BMI value was categorized as recommended by the World Health Organization. For seven consecutive days, participants used an accelerometer to objectively monitor sedentary behavior (SB) and moderate to vigorous physical activity...
May 12, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503971/mental-vulnerability-helicobacter-pylori-and-incidence-of-hospital-diagnosed-peptic-ulcer-over-28-years-in-a-population-based-cohort
#14
Susan Levenstein, Rikke Kart Jacobsen, Steffen Rosenstock, Torben Jørgensen
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether mental vulnerability, an enduring personality characteristic, predicts incident hospital-diagnosed ulcer over three decades. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A population-based cohort study enrolled 3365 subjects with no ulcer history, ages 30-60, in 1982-3. Mental vulnerability, Helicobacter pylori IgG antibodies, socioeconomic status, and sleep duration were determined at baseline; non-steroidal antiinflammatory drug use, smoking, leisure time physical activity, and alcohol consumption both at baseline and in 1993-4...
May 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503154/sedentary-patterns-physical-activity-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-association-to-glycemic-control-in-type-2-diabetes-patients
#15
Luís B Sardinha, João P Magalhães, Diana A Santos, Pedro B Júdice
Background: Sedentary behavior has been considered an independent risk factor for type-2 diabetes (T2D), with a negative impact on several physiological outcomes, whereas breaks in sedentary time (BST) have been proposed as a viable solution to mitigate some of these effects. However, little is known about the independent associations of sedentary pursuits, physical activity, and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) variables with glycemic control. We investigated the independent associations of total sedentary time, BST, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and CRF with glycemic outcomes in patients with T2D...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502806/treadmill-exercise-delays-the-onset-of-non-motor-behaviors-and-striatal-pathology-in-the-cag140-knock-in-mouse-model-of-huntington-s-disease
#16
D P Stefanko, V D Shah, W K Yamasaki, G M Petzinger, M W Jakowec
Depression, cognitive impairments, and other neuropsychiatric disturbances are common during the prodromal phase of Huntington's disease (HD) well before the onset of classical motor symptoms of this degenerative disorder. The purpose of this study was to examine the potential impact of physical activity in the form of exercise on a motorized treadmill on non-motor behavioral features including depression-like behavior and cognition in the CAG140 knock-in (KI) mouse model of HD. The CAG140 KI mouse model has a long lifespan compared to other HD rodent models with HD motor deficits emerging after 12months of age and thus provides the opportunity to investigate early life interventions such as exercise on disease progression...
May 11, 2017: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502405/a-practical-guidance-for-assessments-of-sedentary-behavior-at-work-a-perosh-initiative
#17
Andreas Holtermann, Vera Schellewald, Svend Erik Mathiassen, Nidhi Gupta, Andrew Pinder, Anne Punakallio, Kaj Bo Veiersted, Britta Weber, Esa-Pekka Takala, Francesco Draicchio, Henrik Enquist, Kevin Desbrosses, Maria Peñahora García Sanz, Marzena Malińska, María Villar, Michael Wichtl, Michaela Strebl, Mikael Forsman, Sirpa Lusa, Tomasz Tokarski, Peter Hendriksen, Rolf Ellegast
Sedentary behavior is defined as sitting or lying with low energy expenditure. Humans in industrialized societies spend an increasing amount of time in sedentary behaviors every day. This has been associated with detrimental health outcomes. Despite a growing interest in the health effects of sedentary behavior at work, associations remain unclear, plausibly due to poor and diverse methods for assessing sedentary behavior. Thus, good practice guidance for researchers and practitioners on how to assess occupational sedentary behavior are needed...
September 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502281/self-reported-sleep-duration-and-self-rated-health-in-young-adults
#18
Lovro Štefan, Dora Juranko, Rebeka Prosoli, Renata Barić, Goran Sporiš
STUDY OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the associations between the self-reported sleep duration and self-rated health in young adults. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, participants were 689 young adults (mean age 20 ± 1.35 years, 49.8% female). Sleep duration and self-rated health, as the main outcome of interest, were measured as self-reported. As potential covariates, we included sex, age, smoking status, alcohol consumption, physical activity, sedentary behavior, psychological distress, and body mass index...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499555/evaluating-biomechanics-of-user-selected-sitting-and-standing-computer-workstation
#19
Michael Y Lin, Ana Barbir, Jack T Dennerlein
A standing computer workstation has now become a popular modern work place intervention to reduce sedentary behavior at work. However, user's interaction related to a standing computer workstation and its differences with a sitting workstation need to be understood to assist in developing recommendations for use and set up. The study compared the differences in upper extremity posture and muscle activity between user-selected sitting and standing workstation setups. Twenty participants (10 females, 10 males) volunteered for the study...
May 9, 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491489/the-social-context-moderates-the-relationship-between-neighborhood-safety-and-adolescents-activities
#20
Sarah-Jeanne Salvy, Denise M Feda, Leonard H Epstein, James N Roemmich
Studies of neighborhood safety and physical activity have typically neglected to consider the youth's peer context as a modifier of these relationships. This study fills this gap in testing the independent and interactive effects of perceived neighborhood safety and time spent with friends and peers on young adolescents' physical activity and sedentary behavior. Participants (N = 80; ages 13-17) completed the Pedestrian/Traffic Safety and Crime Safety subscales of the adolescent version of the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale (NEWS)...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
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