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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158086/pfn2a-a-new-partner-of-rar%C3%AE-in-the-cytoplasm
#1
Dina Andriamoratsiresy, Aleksandr Piskunov, Regis Lutzing, Cécile Rochette-Egly
Retinoic acid receptors (RARs) are classically considered as nuclear ligand-dependent regulators of transcription. Here we highlighted a novel face of the RARα subtype: RARα is present in low amounts in the cytoplasm of mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) where it interacts with profilin2a (PFN2A), a small actin-binding protein involved in filaments polymerisation. The interaction involves the N-terminal proline-rich motif (PRM) of RARα and the SH3-like domain of PFN2a. When increased in the cytoplasm, RARα competes with other PFN2a-binding proteins bearing PRMs and involved in actin filaments elongation...
November 17, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138434/generating-localized-plasmonic-fields-on-an-integrated-photonic-platform-using-tapered-couplers-for-biosensing-applications
#2
Gurpreet Singh, Renzhe Bi, U S Dinish, Malini Olivo
A theoretical design and analysis of a tapered-coupler structure on a silicon nitride integrated-photonic platform for coupling optical energy from a dielectric waveguide to a plasmonic tip is presented. The proposed design can be considered as a hybrid photonic-plasmonic structure that generally supports hybrid symmetric and asymmetric modes. Along the taper, one of the hybrid modes approaches the cut-off, while the other approaches the short-range surface plasmon mode that generates localized fields. Potential use of the proposed novel tapered-coupler plasmonic structure for highly sensitive biosensing applications using surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) and metal enhanced fluorescence (MEF) techniques is discussed...
November 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127572/strong-surface-enhanced-florescence-of-carbon-dot-labeled-bacteria-cells-observed-with-high-contrast-on-gold-film
#3
Rostislav Bukasov, Olena Filchakova, Kristina Gudun, Mohamed Bouhrara
Strong surface (metal) enhanced fluorescence (SEF or MEF) is observed from clusters and single E coli bacteria cells labeled with Carbon nanodots (CDs), which were synthesized from date pits. The enhancement factor (EF) for SEF of the cell clusters were close to 50 for both 533 and 633 nm laser excitation wavelength. Those EFs are ratios of emission peak areas from CD labeled cell clusters on gold film to the peak areas of the same batch cell clusters on glass substrate. SEF with 633 nm excitation performed better than SEF with 532 nm excitation, achieving higher fluorescence intensity and much higher contrast...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124460/medical-egg-freezing-the-importance-of-a-patient-centered-approach-to-fertility-preservation
#4
Marcia C Inhorn, Daphna Birenbaum-Carmeli, Lynn M Westphal, Joseph Doyle, Norbert Gleicher, Dror Meirow, Hila Raanani, Martha Dirnfeld, Pasquale Patrizio
PURPOSE: This binational qualitative study of medical egg freezing (MEF) examined women's motivations and experiences, including their perceived needs for patient-centered care in the midst of fertility- and life-threatening diagnoses. METHODS: Forty-five women who had undertaken MEF were interviewed in the USA (33 women) and in Israel (12 women) between June 2014 and August 2016. Interviews lasted approximately 1 h and were conducted by two senior medical anthropologists, one in each country...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121589/pharmacological-targeting-of-gsk-3-and-nrf2-provides-neuroprotection-in-a-preclinical-model-of-tauopathy
#5
Antonio Cuadrado, Sebastian Kügler, Isabel Lastres-Becker
Tauopathies are a group of neurodegenerative disorders where TAU protein is presented as aggregates or is abnormally phosphorylated, leading to alterations of axonal transport, neuronal death and neuroinflammation. Currently, there is no treatment to slow progression of these diseases. Here, we have investigated whether dimethyl fumarate (DMF), an inducer of the transcription factor NRF2, could mitigate tauopathy in a mouse model. The signaling pathways modulated by DMF were also studied in mouse embryonic fibroblast (MEFs) from wild type or KEAP1-deficient mice...
November 6, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121511/medical-egg-freezing-and-cancer-patients-hopes-fertility-preservation-at-the-intersection-of-life-and-death
#6
Marcia C Inhorn, Daphna Birenbaum-Carmeli, Pasquale Patrizio
Egg freezing (i.e., oocyte cryopreservation) is a new reproductive technology that allows women's eggs to be frozen and stored for future use. Over the past five years, so-called "medical egg freezing" (MEF) has begun to play a major role as a form of fertility preservation for young women with cancer and other fertility-threatening medical conditions. Indeed, women who are candidates for MEF are often facing the "double jeopardy" of fertility loss and potential death. In this article, we examine the experiences of the first generation of women to use MEF in the United States and Israel, two countries where experimental use of MEF began early, and where MEF is now offered clinically in many in vitro fertilization (IVF) clinics...
October 31, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120871/a-srsf1-self-binding-mechanism-restrains-mir505-3p-from-inhibiting-proliferation-of-neural-tumor-cell-lines
#7
Kan Yang, Li Tong, Kai Li, Yuxun Zhou, Junhua Xiao
Srsf1 has currently been demonstrated to be an oncogene that is precisely autoregulated for normal physiology. Although Mir505-3p has been reported as one of the regulatory miRNAs of Srsf1 in mouse embryonic fibroblast (MEF), the inhibitory effect of Mir505-3p on Srsf1 is poorly described in neural tumors. Whether SRSF1 autoregulation interferes with miRNA targeting on the Srsf1 transcript is unclear. In this work, we screened out one target site, out of three potential target sites on 3' UTR of Srsf1 transcript, that was required for Mir505-3p targeting...
November 8, 2017: Anti-cancer Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110378/generation-of-embryonic-stem-like-cells-from-in-vivo-derived-porcine-blastocysts-at-a-low-concentration-of-basic-fibroblast-growth-factor
#8
H-J Cha, J I Yun, N R Han, H-Y Kim, S Baek, S-H Lee, J Lee, E Lee, C-K Park, S T Lee
Although basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) is an essential factor supporting the maintenance of porcine embryonic stem (ES) cell self-renewal and pluripotency, its high cost has limited previous studies, and the development of a low-cost culture system is required. For these systems, in vivo blastocysts were progressively cultured under various conditions consisting of different culture mediums and/or different feeder cell numbers at a low concentration of bFGF. As the results, the sequential culture of in vivo-derived porcine blastocysts on 5...
November 6, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109831/microrna-93-regulates-hypoxia-induced-autophagy-by-targeting-ulk1
#9
Wen Li, Yue Yang, Zhaoyu Ba, Shupeng Li, Hao Chen, Xiaoyan Hou, Linlin Ma, Pengcheng He, Lei Jiang, Longxuan Li, Rongrong He, Liangqing Zhang, Du Feng
The expression of the core autophagy kinase, Unc51-like kinase 1 (ULK1), is regulated transcriptionally and translationally by starvation-induced autophagy. However, how ULK1 is regulated during hypoxia is not well understood. Previously, we showed that ULK1 expression is induced by hypoxia stress. Here, we report a new ULK1-modulating microRNA, miR-93; its transcription is negatively correlated with the translation of ULK1 under hypoxic condition. miR-93 targets ULK1 and reduces its protein levels under hypoxia condition...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108912/autophagy-activation-is-required-for-influenza-a-virus-induced-apoptosis-and-replication
#10
B Yeganeh, S Ghavami, Md N Rahim, T Klonisch, A J Halayko, K M Coombs
Autophagy and apoptosis are two major interconnected host cell responses to viral infection, including influenza A virus (IAV). Thus, delineating these events could facilitate the development of better treatment options and provide an effective anti-viral strategy for controlling IAV infection. We used A549 cells and mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEF) to study the role of virus-induced autophagy and apoptosis, the cross-talk between both pathways, and their relation to IAV infection [ATCC strain A/Puerto Rico/8/34(H1N1) (hereafter; PR8)]...
November 3, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104780/induction-of-icam-1-expression-in-mouse-embryonic-fibroblasts-cultured-on-fibroin-gelatin-scaffolds
#11
M A Nosenko, N V Maluchenko, M S Drutskaya, A Y Arkhipova, I I Agapov, S A Nedospasov, M M Moisenovich
Culturing of allogeneic or autologous cells in three-dimensional bioresorbable scaffolds is an important step in the engineering of constructs for regenerative medicine, as well as for experimental systems to study the mechanisms of cell differentiation and cell-to-cell interaction. Artificial substrates can modulate the phenotype and functional activity of immobilized cells. Investigating these changes is important for understanding the fundamental processes underlying cellular interactions in a 3D microenvironment and for improving tissue-engineered structures...
July 2017: Acta Naturae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089594/synthesis-and-sars-of-novel-lincomycin-derivatives-part-5-optimization-of-lincomycin-analogs-exhibiting-potent-antibacterial-activities-by-chemical-modification-at-the-6-and-7-positions
#12
Yoshinari Wakiyama, Ko Kumura, Eijiro Umemura, Satomi Masaki, Kazutaka Ueda, Yasuo Sato, Yoko Hirai, Yoshio Hayashi, Keiichi Ajito
In order to modify lincomycin at the C-6 and C-7 positions, we prepared target molecules, which have substituted pipecolinic acid at the 6-amino group and a para-substituted phenylthio group at the C-7 position, in application of palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling as a key reaction. As the result of structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies at the 6-position, analogs possessing 4'-cis-(cyclopropylmethyl)piperidine showed significantly strong antibacterial activities against Streptococcus pneumoniae and Streptococcus pyogenes with an erm gene...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Antibiotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082349/ell3-modulates-the-wound-healing-activity-of-conditioned-medium-of-adipose-derived-stem-cells
#13
Jae-Yong Lee, Nuri Oh, Kyung-Soon Park
While adipose-derived stem cell-conditioned medium (ADSC-CM) has been demonstrated to promote skin wound healing, the mechanism regulating this effect remains unelucidated. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of Ell3 in the wound healing activity of ADSC-CM. In vitro analysis revealed that Ell3 suppression in ADSCs impairs the promotive activity of ADSC-CM on the proliferation and migration of mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEF) and normal human dermal fibroblasts (NHDF). Consistently, the expression of MMP family genes, which regulate cell proliferation and migration, was significantly suppressed in MEF and NHDF treated with siEll3-transfected ADSC-CM...
September 2017: Balsaeng'gwa Saengsig
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069730/inhibition-of-colorectal-cancer-genomic-copy-number-alterations-and-chromosomal-fragile-site-tumor-suppressor-fhit-and-wwox-deletions-by-dna-mismatch-repair
#14
Sohail Jahid, Jian Sun, Ozkan Gelincik, Pedro Blecua, Winfried Edelmann, Raju Kucherlapati, Kathy Zhou, Maria Jasin, Zeynep H Gümüş, Steven M Lipkin
Homologous recombination (HR) enables precise DNA repair after DNA double strand breaks (DSBs) using identical sequence templates, whereas homeologous recombination (HeR) uses only partially homologous sequences. Homeologous recombination introduces mutations through gene conversion and genomic deletions through single-strand annealing (SSA). DNA mismatch repair (MMR) inhibits HeR, but the roles of mammalian MMR MutL homologues (MLH1, PMS2 and MLH3) proteins in HeR suppression are poorly characterized. Here, we demonstrate that mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) carrying Mlh1, Pms2, and Mlh3 mutations have higher HeR rates, by using 7,863 uniquely mapping paired direct repeat sequences (DRs) in the mouse genome as endogenous gene conversion and SSA reporters...
September 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068103/desipramine-induced-lysosomal-vacuolization-is-independent-of-autophagy
#15
Hirofumi Sawai
Desipramine, a commonly used antidepressant drug, induced cytosolic vacuolization in L929 cells. The level of LC3-II was elevated and that of p62 was reduced in desipramine-treated L929 cells, indicating the induction of autophagy by desipramine. Surprisingly, massive vacuolization was observed in desipramine-treated L929 cells in the presence of LY294002, an inhibitor of autophagy. On the other hand, bafilomycin A1, an inhibitor of vacuolar type H(+) ATPase, almost completely inhibited vacuolization in desipramine- or desipramine/LY294002-treated L929 cells...
October 25, 2017: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065108/towards-gene-and-gender-based-risk-estimates-in-lynch-syndrome-age-specific-incidences-for-13-extra-colorectal-cancer-types
#16
Christina Therkildsen, Steen Ladelund, Lars Smith-Hansen, Lars Joachim Lindberg, Mef Nilbert
BACKGROUND: In Lynch syndrome, inherited mismatch repair (MMR) defects predispose to colorectal cancer and to a wide spectrum of extra-colorectal tumours. Utilising a cohort study design, we aimed to determine the risk of extra-colorectal cancer and to identify yet unrecognised tumour types. METHODS: Data from 1624 Lynch syndrome mutation carriers in the Danish hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer register were used to estimate the sex- and age-specific incidence rate ratios (IRRs) for 30 extra-colorectal malignancies with comparison to the general population...
October 24, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060669/electrical-bioimpedance-spectroscopy-as-biosensor-technique-to-identify-cells-lineages-and-cell-differentiation-process
#17
C I Guerrero-Robles, G J Vazquez-Zapien, M M Mata-Miranda, J E Noriega-Gonzalez, C A Gonzalez-Diaz
The identification and characterization of diverse cells types and cell differentiation process requires complex techniques as flow cytometry, immunocytochemistry and the exploration of molecular markers; such techniques require infrastructure and qualified personnel. The objective of this study was to analyze the use of Electrical Bioimpedance Spectroscopy (EBIS) measurements as a non-complex alternative technique to identify populations of undifferentiated mouse Pluripotent Stem Cells (mPSCs), Mouse Embryonic Fibroblasts (MEFs) and the differentiation process from preadipocytes (3T3-L1) to mature adipocytes...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053957/cdk4-phosphorylates-ampk%C3%AE-2-to-inhibit-its-activity-and-repress-fatty-acid-oxidation
#18
Isabel C Lopez-Mejia, Sylviane Lagarrigue, Albert Giralt, Laia Martinez-Carreres, Nadège Zanou, Pierre-Damien Denechaud, Judit Castillo-Armengol, Carine Chavey, Meritxell Orpinell, Brigitte Delacuisine, Anita Nasrallah, Caterina Collodet, Lianjun Zhang, Benoît Viollet, D Grahame Hardie, Lluis Fajas
The roles of CDK4 in the cell cycle have been extensively studied, but less is known about the mechanisms underlying the metabolic regulation by CDK4. Here, we report that CDK4 promotes anaerobic glycolysis and represses fatty acid oxidation in mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) by targeting the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). We also show that fatty acid oxidation (FAO) is specifically induced by AMPK complexes containing the α2 subunit. Moreover, we report that CDK4 represses FAO through direct phosphorylation and inhibition of AMPKα2...
October 19, 2017: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050265/reactive-oxygen-species-dependent-phosphorylation-of-the-liver-kinase-b1-amp-activated-protein-kinase-acetyl-coa-carboxylase-signaling-is-critically-involved-in-apoptotic-effect-of-lambertianic-acid-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells
#19
Arong Jeong, Ju-Ha Kim, Hyo-Jung Lee, Sung-Hoon Kim
Though lambertianic acid (LA) is reported to have hypolipidemic activity in liver, its underlying anticancer mechanism is poorly understood so far. Thus, in the present study, apoptotic mechanism of LA was elucidated in HepG2 and SK-Hep1 hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. Here LA increased cytotoxicity, sub-G1 population and Annexin V/PI positive cells in two HCC cells. Also, LA cleaved caspase-3 and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), activated phosphorylation of liver kinase B1 (LKB1)/AMP activated protein kinase (AMPK)/ acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) pathway and also suppressed antiapoptotic proteins such as phosphorylation of Akt/ mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and the expression of B cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2)/ B-cell lymphoma-extra large (Bcl-xL) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in two HCC cells...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044966/v1b-vasopressin-receptor-trafficking-and-signaling%C3%A2-role-of-arrestins-g-proteins-and-src-kinase
#20
Sanja Perkovska, Catherine Méjean, Mohammed Akli Ayoub, Juan Li, Floriane Hemery, Maithé Corbani, Nadine Laguette, Maria-Angeles Ventura, Hélène Orcel, Thierry Durroux, Bernard Mouillac, Christiane Mendre
The signaling pathway of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) is strongly linked to their trafficking profile. Little is known about the molecular mechanisms involved in the vasopressin receptor V1b subtype (V1b R) trafficking and its impact on receptor signaling and regulation. For this purpose, we investigated the role of β-arrestins in receptor desensitization, internalization and recycling and attempted to dissect the V1b R-mediated MAP Kinase pathway. Using β-arrestin 1-2 KO-MEF cells, we demonstrated that both β-arrestin 1 and 2 play a fundamental role in internalization and recycling of V1b R with a rapid and transient V1b R-β-arrestin interaction in contrast to a slow and long-lasting β-arrestin recruitment of the V2 vasopressin receptor subtype (V2 R)...
October 16, 2017: Traffic
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