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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893066/the-impact-of-extirpation-of-non-palpable-normal-sized-regional-lymph-nodes-on-staging-of-canine-cutaneous-mast-cell-tumours-a-multicentric-retrospective-study
#1
R Ferrari, L Marconato, P Buracco, P Boracchi, C Giudice, S Iussich, V Grieco, L E Chiti, E Favretto, D Stefanello
Metastasis to regional lymph nodes (RLNs) in dogs with cutaneous mast cell tumour (cMCT) has been correlated with shortened survival time and higher risk of spread to distant sites. In the present study, extirpation of non-palpable or normal-sized RLNs was included in the surgical management of cMCT in dogs. Correlations between histological nodal status (HN0-3) and tumour variables were analysed. Ninety-three dogs with single cMCT without distant metastasis that underwent wide surgical excision of the primary tumour and extirpation of non-palpable or normal-sized RLN were included...
June 12, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772091/sensitisation-to-outdoor-and-indoor-fungi-in-atopic-dermatitis-patients-and-the-relation-to-the-occurrence-of-food-allergy-to-peanuts-and-walnuts
#2
J Čelakovská, J Bukač, K Ettler, J Vaneckova, K Ettlerova, J Krejsek
The aim of this study is the evaluation of the relation between the sensitisation to outdoor and indoor fungi and allergy to peanuts and walnuts in atopic dermatitis patients aged 14 years and older. The complete dermatological and allergological examinations were perfomed in all included patients; the occurrence of food allergy to peanuts and walnuts was recorded (specific IgE, skin prick test, history of allergic reaction) and the sensitisation to mixture of outdoor fungi and indoor fungi was examined (skin prick test, specific IgE)...
May 17, 2018: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733990/flat-panel-detector-computed-tomography-fdct-guided-placement-of-external-ventricular-drains-using-the-brainlab-%C3%A2-headband-and-the-precalibrated-disposable-stylet-instrument-a-cadaveric-feasibility-study
#3
Julian Feulner, Stefan Lang, Thomas Buder, Tobias Struffert, Michael Buchfelder, Sebastian Brandner
BACKGROUND: The standard freehand method for the insertion of external ventricular drains (EVD) is associated with high rates of incorrect placement. The use of neuronavigation has been shown to reduce the rates of inaccurately positioned EVDs. We present a novel neuronavigation-based approach for EVD placement using flat panel detector computed tomography (FDCT) imaging. METHODS: Four cadaveric heads were used for neuronavigated placement of EVDs using the BrainLAB® reference Headband in combination with laser surface registration and the precalibrated disposable Stylet...
May 4, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668299/effects-of-using-insoles-of-different-thicknesses-in-older-adults-which-thickness-has-the-best-impact-on-postural-stability-and-risk-of-falling
#4
Öznur Büyükturan, Serdar Demirci, Buket Büyükturan, Yavuz Yakut
BACKGROUND: Postural stability (PS) problems arise as an individual grows older, and as a result, risk of falling (RoF) increases in older adults. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of insoles of various thicknesses on PS and RoF in older adults. METHODS: Fifty-six individuals participated in the study. PS and RoF were evaluated both statically and dynamically using Biodex Balance System. PS and RoF assessments were perfomed under five different conditions: 1) barefoot, 2) only shoes, 3) with 5 mm insole, 4) with 10 mm insole, 5) with 15 mm insole...
April 18, 2018: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465742/endoscopic-management-of-intraventricular-neurocysticercosis
#5
Mohammad Kaif, Mazhar Husain, Bal Krishna Ojha
Objective Restoration of CSF flow and removal of Intraventricular Cystecercal Cyst is the main goal in treatment Hydrocephalus due Intraventricular Neurocysticercosis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the technique and outcome of Endoscopic management of Intraventricular Neurocysticercosis. Methods We retrospectively analysed the records of 30 consecutive patients of Intraventricular Intra third and fourth ventricle Neurocysticercosiswho underwent endoscopic management.The clinical profile of the patient were evaluated which included age, symptoms and signs...
January 22, 2018: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363142/efficacy-of-the-protaper-retreatment-system-in-removing-thermafil-guttacore-or-vertically-compacted-gutta-percha-from-curved-root-canals-assessed-by-micro-ct
#6
T Rödig, J Wagner, A Wiegand, M Rizk
AIM: To evaluate ex vivo the efficacy of ProTaper Universal Retreatment files (Dentsply Sirona, Ballaigues, Switzerland) in removing Thermafil, GuttaCore (both Dentsply Sirona) or vertically compacted gutta-percha from curved root canals using micro-CT. METHODOLOGY: Sixty curved molar roots with the same mean canal curvatures and radii in two directions were prepared using ProFile instruments (Dentsply Sirona) to size 30 with .04 taper and obturated with either Thermafil, GuttaCore or vertically compacted gutta-percha and AH Plus (n = 20)...
January 24, 2018: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328485/knockdown-of-hnrnp-a2-b1-inhibits-cell-proliferation-invasion-and-cell-cycle-triggering-apoptosis-in-cervical-cancer-via-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway
#7
Xiang Shi, Li Ran, Yao Liu, Shu-Huai Zhong, Ping-Ping Zhou, Ming-Xin Liao, Wen Fang
Cervical cancer is currently one of the major threats to women's health. The overexpression of heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A2/B1 (hnRNP A2/B1) as the biomarker has been investigated in various cancers. In our previous study, we found that lobaplatin induced apoptosis and cell cycle arrest via downregulation of proteins including hnRNP A2/B1 in cervical cancer cells. However, the underlying relationship between hnRNP A2/B1 and cervical cancer remained largely unknown. hnRNP A2/B1 knock‑down in HeLa and CaSki cells was performed by shRNA transfection...
March 2018: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230830/in-vitro-bioaccessibility-of-individual-carotenoids-from-persimmon-diospyros-kaki-cv-rojo-brillante-used-as-an-ingredient-in-a-model-dairy-food
#8
Tomás García-Cayuela, Beatriz Nuño-Escobar, Jorge Welti-Chanes, M Pilar Cano
BACKGROUND: Addition of persimmon fruit, which is highly rich in carotenoids, to dairy products represents an alternative to obtain functional foods. However, carotenoid bioaccessibility is strongly influenced by fat content and food composition. That is why in vitro bioaccessibility of individual carotenoids was evaluated in persimmon-based dairy products formulated with whole (3.6% fat) or skimmed milk (0.25% fat) and different freeze-dried persimmon tissues. RESULTS: Unambiguous identification of seven xanthophylls (neoxanthin, violaxanthin, antheraxanthin, lutein, zeaxanthin, lutein epoxide and β-cryptoxanthin) and three hydrocarbon carotenes (α-carotene, β-carotene and lycopene) was achieved using high-performance liquid chromatography with a reverse-phase C-30 column...
December 11, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133151/laparoscopic-management-of-a-rudimentary-uterine-horn
#9
Emilie Faller, Jean Jacques Baldauf, François Becmeur, Anne Lehn, Cherif Youssef Akladios, Lise Lecointre
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate a technique of laparoscopic management of a rudimentary horn in a 12-year-old girl. DESIGN: A step-by-step explanation of the surgery using a video (instructive video) approved by the local institutional review board. SETTING: A university hospital (University Hospital of Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France). PATIENT: A 12-year-old girl with a uterine rudimentary horn. INTERVENTION: We describe a case of a 12-year-old girl who had no medical history...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969115/study-of-red-cell-fragility-in-different-stages-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-relation-to-parathyroid-hormone
#10
Suchismita Panda, Anuva Mishra, Manoranjan Jena, Sashi Bhusan Rout, Srikrushna Mohapatra
INTRODUCTION: Anaemia is one of the common complications associated with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) responsible for the increase in the morbidity and mortality in such patients. Several factors have been attributed to cause renal anaemia, amongst which hyperparathyroidism is one of the less recognised reasons. Most studies have been conducted in this regard in CKD patients undergoing haemodialysis. The level of PTH in early stages of chronic kidney disease has not been much studied...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940850/sensitisation-to-fungi-in-atopic-dermatitis-patients-over-14-years-of-age-and-the-relation-to-the-occurrence-of-food-hypersensitivity-reactions
#11
J Čelakovská, J Bukač, K Ettler, J Vaneckova, I Krcmova, K Ettlerova
The aim of this study was to evaluate if there is some relation between the sensitisation to fungi and the occurrence of food hypersensitivity reactions in atopic dermatitis patients aged 14 years and older. Complete dermatological and allergological examination was performed in all included patients; the occurrence of food hypersensitivity reactions was recorded and the sensitisation to mixture of fungi was examined (skin prick test, specific IgE). The statistical evaluation of the relation between the sensitisation to fungi and the occurrence of food hypersensitivity reactions was performed; 331 patients were included in the study, 110 men and 221 women, the average age was 26...
February 2018: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914423/influences-of-nitrogen-fertilization-and-energy-supplementation-for-growth-perfomance-of-beef-cattle-on-alexander-grass
#12
Tiago Venturini, Luís Fernando Glasenapp de Menezes, Marcelo Marcos Montagner, Wagner Paris, Gean Rodrigo Schmitz, Marcos Luis Molinete
This study evaluated the influences of nitrogen fertilizer and energy supplementation cattle on the growth performance of beef cattle. This study was conducted at the Federal University of Technology of Paraná, Dois Vizinhos through continuous grazing on 6.3 ha, divided into nine paddocks. The treatments were: Alexander grass +100 kg ha(-1) of N (N100); Alexander grass + 100 kg ha(-1) of N + 0.5 kg per 100 kg of weight live supplementation of wheat bran (N100S); and Alexander grass +200 kg ha(-1) of N (N200), with an average herbage allowance of 10% for all treatments...
December 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912022/when-does-intraoperative-3d-imaging-play-a-role-in-transpedicular-c2-screw-placement
#13
Cornelius Jacobs, Philip P Roessler, Sebastian Scheidt, Milena M Plöger, Collin Jacobs, Alexander C Disch, Klaus D Schaser, Tony Hartwig
INTRODUCTION: The stabilization of an atlantoaxial (C1-C2) instability is demanding due to a complex atlantoaxial anatomy with proximity to the spinal cord, a variable run of the vertebral artery (VA) and narrow C2 pedicles. We perfomed the Goel & Harms fusion in combination with an intraoperative 3D imaging to ensure correct screw placement in the C2 pedicle. We hypothesized, that narrow C2 pedicles lead to a higher malposition rate of screws by perforation of the pedicle wall. The purpose of this study was to describe a certain pedicle size, under which the perforation rate rises...
September 8, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813832/design-and-experimental-evaluation-of-a-lightweight-high-torque-and-compliant-actuator-for-an-active-ankle-foot-orthosis
#14
Marta Moltedo, Tomislav Bacek, Kevin Langlois, Karen Junius, Bram Vanderborght, Dirk Lefeber
The human ankle joint plays a crucial role during walking. At the push-off phase the ankle plantarflexors generate the highest torque among the lower limb joints during this activity. The potential of the ankle plantarflexors is affected by numerous pathologies and injuries, which cause a decrease in the ability of the subject to achieve a natural gait pattern. Active orthoses have shown to have potential in assisting these subjects. The design of such robots is very challenging due to the contrasting design requirements of wearability (light weight and compact) and high torques capacity...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783859/physical-activity-during-pregnancy-recommendations-and-assessment-tools
#15
Cibele Oliveira, Thiago Dos Santos Imakawa, Elaine Christine Dantas Moisés
The literature that supports and recommends the practice of exercise during pregnancy is extensive.However, although a more complete research on ways to evaluate the physical activity performed by pregnant women has been perfomed, it is found that there is no gold standard and that the articles in the area are inconclusive. Thus, the objective of the present article is to review relevant aspects, such as, technique and applicability of the different methods for the assessment of physical activity during pregnancy to provide more reliable and safe information for health professionals to encourage their pregnant patients to engage in the practice of physical activity...
August 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712900/surgical-treatment-of-thoracolumbar-segmental-spinal-dysgenesis-optimal-type-of-fusion
#16
Olga M Pavlova, Sergey O Ryabykh, Danil A Kozyrev, Alexander V Gubin
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate long-term results of surgical treatment of thoracolumbar segmental spinal dysgenesis (SSD). METHODS: We analyzed 8 patients with thoracolumbar SSD treated in our institution. Each case was evaluated for specific clinical and radiologic criteria and types and outcomes of treatment. RESULT: The average age of primary surgery was 3.4 years (median 3.4 years, range 1.7-7 years). The average correction of kyphosis was 49...
October 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629510/screening-strategies-for-atrial-fibrillation-a-systematic-review-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Nicky J Welton, Alexandra McAleenan, Howard Hz Thom, Philippa Davies, Will Hollingworth, Julian Pt Higgins, George Okoli, Jonathan Ac Sterne, Gene Feder, Diane Eaton, Aroon Hingorani, Christopher Fawsitt, Trudie Lobban, Peter Bryden, Alison Richards, Reecha Sofat
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common cardiac arrhythmia that increases the risk of thromboembolic events. Anticoagulation therapy to prevent AF-related stroke has been shown to be cost-effective. A national screening programme for AF may prevent AF-related events, but would involve a substantial investment of NHS resources. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review of the diagnostic test accuracy (DTA) of screening tests for AF, update a systematic review of comparative studies evaluating screening strategies for AF, develop an economic model to compare the cost-effectiveness of different screening strategies and review observational studies of AF screening to provide inputs to the model...
May 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529048/laboratory-based-performance-evaluation-of-pima-cd4-t-lymphocyte-count-point-of-care-by-lay-counselors-in-kenya
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Clement Zeh, Charles E Rose, Seth Inzaule, Mitesh A Desai, Fredrick Otieno, Felix Humwa, Benta Akoth, Paul Omolo, Robert T Chen, Yenew Kebede, Taraz Samandari
BACKGROUND: CD4+ T-lymphocyte count testing at the point-of-care (POC) may improve linkage to care of persons diagnosed with HIV-1 infection, but the accuracy of POC devices when operated by lay-counselors in the era of task-shifting is unknown. We examined the accuracy of Alere's Pima™ POC device on both capillary and venous blood when performed by lay-counselors and laboratory technicians. METHODS: In Phase I, we compared the perfomance of POC against FACSCalibur™ for 280 venous specimens by laboratory technicians...
September 2017: Journal of Immunological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528216/prognostic-factors-in-patients-treated-with-surgery-for-brain-metastases-a-single-center-retrospective-analysis-of-125-patients
#19
Zhenghao Liu, Bingxi Lei, Meiguang Zheng, Zhongjun Li, Shuaibin Huang, Yuefei Deng
BACKGROUD: Brain metastases are the most common malignant intracranial tumors, however, the prognosis of patients is still poor despite multiple treatment have been applicated. The aim of this study was to analyse parameters influence overall survival from patient, tumor and treatment. Summarized characteristics of long-time (>2 years) survivors furtherly. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, clinical data of 125patients between 2004 and 2015 were collected and the parameters from patients, tumor and treatment were evaluated...
August 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199991/left-ventricular-longitudinal-strain-in-soccer-referees
#20
Luigi Gianturco, Bruno Bodini, Vincenzo Gianturco, Giuseppina Lippo, Agnese Solbiati, Maurizio Turiel
Along the years, the analysis of soccer referees perfomance has interested the experts and we can find several types of studies in literature using in particular cardiac imaging. The aim of this retrospective study was to observe relationship between VO2max uptake and some conventional and not-conventional echocardiographic parameters. In order to perform this evaluation, we have enrolled 20 referees, belonging to Italian Soccer Referees' Association and we have investigated cardiovascular profile of them. We found a strong direct relationship between VO2max and global longitudinal strain of left ventricle assessed by means of speckle tracking echocardiographic analysis (R2=0...
June 13, 2017: Oncotarget
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