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Perfomance evaluation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969115/study-of-red-cell-fragility-in-different-stages-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-relation-to-parathyroid-hormone
#1
Suchismita Panda, Anuva Mishra, Manoranjan Jena, Sashi Bhusan Rout, Srikrushna Mohapatra
INTRODUCTION: Anaemia is one of the common complications associated with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) responsible for the increase in the morbidity and mortality in such patients. Several factors have been attributed to cause renal anaemia, amongst which hyperparathyroidism is one of the less recognised reasons. Most studies have been conducted in this regard in CKD patients undergoing haemodialysis. The level of PTH in early stages of chronic kidney disease has not been much studied...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940850/sensitisation-to-fungi-in-atopic-dermatitis-patients-older-14-years-of-age-and-the-relation-to-the-occurrence-of-food-hypersensitivity-reactions
#2
J Čelakovská, J Bukač, K Ettler, J Vaneckova, I Krcmova, K Ettlerova
The aim of this study is the evaluation, if there is some relation between the sensitisation to fungi and the occurrence of food hypersensitivity reactions in atopic dermatitis patients aged 14 years and older. The complete dermatological and allergological examinations were perfomed in all included patients; the occurrence of food hypersensitivity reactions was recorded and the sensitisation to mixture of fungi was examined (skin prick test, specific IgE). The statistical evaluation of the relation between the sensitisation to fungi and the occurrence of food hypersensitivity reactions was performed; 331 patients were included in the study, 110 men and 221 women, the average age 26...
September 22, 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914423/influences-of-nitrogen-fertilization-and-energy-supplementation-for-growth-perfomance-of-beef-cattle-on-alexander-grass
#3
Tiago Venturini, Luís Fernando Glasenapp de Menezes, Marcelo Marcos Montagner, Wagner Paris, Gean Rodrigo Schmitz, Marcos Luis Molinete
This study evaluated the influences of nitrogen fertilizer and energy supplementation cattle on the growth performance of beef cattle. This study was conducted at the Federal University of Technology of Paraná, Dois Vizinhos through continuous grazing on 6.3 ha, divided into nine paddocks. The treatments were: Alexander grass +100 kg ha(-1) of N (N100); Alexander grass + 100 kg ha(-1) of N + 0.5 kg per 100 kg of weight live supplementation of wheat bran (N100S); and Alexander grass +200 kg ha(-1) of N (N200), with an average herbage allowance of 10% for all treatments...
September 15, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912022/when-does-intraoperative-3d-imaging-play-a-role-in-transpedicular-c2-screw-placement
#4
Cornelius Jacobs, Philip P Roessler, Sebastian Scheidt, Milena M Plöger, Collin Jacobs, Alexander C Disch, Klaus D Schaser, Tony Hartwig
INTRODUCTION: The stabilization of an atlantoaxial (C1-C2) instability is demanding due to a complex atlantoaxial anatomy with proximity to the spinal cord, a variable run of the vertebral artery (VA) and narrow C2 pedicles. We perfomed the Goel & Harms fusion in combination with an intraoperative 3D imaging to ensure correct screw placement in the C2 pedicle. We hypothesized, that narrow C2 pedicles lead to a higher malposition rate of screws by perforation of the pedicle wall. The purpose of this study was to describe a certain pedicle size, under which the perforation rate rises...
September 8, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813832/design-and-experimental-evaluation-of-a-lightweight-high-torque-and-compliant-actuator-for-an-active-ankle-foot-orthosis
#5
Marta Moltedo, Tomislav Bacek, Kevin Langlois, Karen Junius, Bram Vanderborght, Dirk Lefeber
The human ankle joint plays a crucial role during walking. At the push-off phase the ankle plantarflexors generate the highest torque among the lower limb joints during this activity. The potential of the ankle plantarflexors is affected by numerous pathologies and injuries, which cause a decrease in the ability of the subject to achieve a natural gait pattern. Active orthoses have shown to have potential in assisting these subjects. The design of such robots is very challenging due to the contrasting design requirements of wearability (light weight and compact) and high torques capacity...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783859/physical-activity-during-pregnancy-recommendations-and-assessment-tools
#6
Cibele Santini de Oliveira, Thiago Dos Santos Imakawa, Elaine Christine Dantas Moisés
The literature that supports and recommends the practice of exercise during pregnancy is extensive.However, although a more complete research on ways to evaluate the physical activity performed by pregnant women has been perfomed, it is found that there is no gold standard and that the articles in the area are inconclusive. Thus, the objective of the present article is to review relevant aspects, such as, technique and applicability of the different methods for the assessment of physical activity during pregnancy to provide more reliable and safe information for health professionals to encourage their pregnant patients to engage in the practice of physical activity...
August 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712900/surgical-treatment-of-thoracolumbar-segmental-spinal-dysgenesis-optimal-type-of-fusion
#7
Olga M Pavlova, Sergey O Ryabykh, Danil A Kozyrev, Alexander V Gubin
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate long-term results of surgical treatment of thoracolumbar segmental spinal dysgenesis (SSD). METHODS: We analyzed 8 patients with thoracolumbar SSD treated in our institution. Each case was evaluated for specific clinical and radiologic criteria and types and outcomes of treatment. RESULT: The average age of primary surgery was 3.4 years (median 3.4 years, range 1.7-7 years). The average correction of kyphosis was 49...
October 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629510/screening-strategies-for-atrial-fibrillation-a-systematic-review-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#8
Nicky J Welton, Alexandra McAleenan, Howard Hz Thom, Philippa Davies, Will Hollingworth, Julian Pt Higgins, George Okoli, Jonathan Ac Sterne, Gene Feder, Diane Eaton, Aroon Hingorani, Christopher Fawsitt, Trudie Lobban, Peter Bryden, Alison Richards, Reecha Sofat
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common cardiac arrhythmia that increases the risk of thromboembolic events. Anticoagulation therapy to prevent AF-related stroke has been shown to be cost-effective. A national screening programme for AF may prevent AF-related events, but would involve a substantial investment of NHS resources. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review of the diagnostic test accuracy (DTA) of screening tests for AF, update a systematic review of comparative studies evaluating screening strategies for AF, develop an economic model to compare the cost-effectiveness of different screening strategies and review observational studies of AF screening to provide inputs to the model...
May 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529048/laboratory-based-performance-evaluation-of-pima-cd4-t-lymphocyte-count-point-of-care-by-lay-counselors-in-kenya
#9
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Clement Zeh, Charles E Rose, Seth Inzaule, Mitesh A Desai, Fredrick Otieno, Felix Humwa, Benta Akoth, Paul Omolo, Robert T Chen, Yenew Kebede, Taraz Samandari
BACKGROUND: CD4+ T-lymphocyte count testing at the point-of-care (POC) may improve linkage to care of persons diagnosed with HIV-1 infection, but the accuracy of POC devices when operated by lay-counselors in the era of task-shifting is unknown. We examined the accuracy of Alere's Pima™ POC device on both capillary and venous blood when performed by lay-counselors and laboratory technicians. METHODS: In Phase I, we compared the perfomance of POC against FACSCalibur™ for 280 venous specimens by laboratory technicians...
September 2017: Journal of Immunological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528216/prognostic-factors-in-patients-treated-with-surgery-for-brain-metastases-a-single-center-retrospective-analysis-of-125-patients
#10
Zhenghao Liu, Bingxi Lei, Meiguang Zheng, Zhongjun Li, Shuaibin Huang, Yuefei Deng
BACKGROUD: Brain metastases are the most common malignant intracranial tumors, however, the prognosis of patients is still poor despite multiple treatment have been applicated. The aim of this study was to analyse parameters influence overall survival from patient, tumor and treatment. Summarized characteristics of long-time (>2 years) survivors furtherly. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, clinical data of 125patients between 2004 and 2015 were collected and the parameters from patients, tumor and treatment were evaluated...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199991/left-ventricular-longitudinal-strain-in-soccer-referees
#11
Luigi Gianturco, Bruno Bodini, Vincenzo Gianturco, Giuseppina Lippo, Agnese Solbiati, Maurizio Turiel
Along the years, the analysis of soccer referees perfomance has interested the experts and we can find several types of studies in literature using in particular cardiac imaging. The aim of this retrospective study was to observe relationship between VO2max uptake and some conventional and not-conventional echocardiographic parameters. In order to perform this evaluation, we have enrolled 20 referees, belonging to Italian Soccer Referees' Association and we have investigated cardiovascular profile of them. We found a strong direct relationship between VO2max and global longitudinal strain of left ventricle assessed by means of speckle tracking echocardiographic analysis (R2=0...
June 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064107/ethnomedicine-based-evaluation-of-osteoprotective-properties-of-tinospora-cordifolia-on-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-model-systems
#12
G Abiramasundari, C M Mohan Gowda, G Pampapathi, Sheela Praveen, S Shivamurugan, M Vijaykumar, A Devi, M Sreepriya
Indian ethnomedicine acclaims the use of Tinospora cordifolia (TC) in the treatment of bone fractures and vat rakta (gout). The objective of the study is to investigate the effects of alcoholic extract of Tinospora cordifolia on bone remodeling (involving osteoblastic and osteoclastic actions) in vitro and protect against ovariectomy-induced bone loss in vivo. Human osteoblast-like cells MG-63 and primary osteoblast cells isolated from rat femur were used as osteoblast models and RAW macrophage cell line 264...
March 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927927/use-of-recombinant-antigens-for-sensitive-serodiagnosis-of-american-tegumentary-leishmaniasis-caused-by-different-leishmania-species
#13
Camila Massae Sato, Maria Carmen Arroyo Sanchez, Beatriz Julieta Celeste, Malcolm S Duthie, Jeffrey Guderian, Steven G Reed, Maria Edileuza Felinto de Brito, Marliane Batista Campos, Helia Valeria de Souza Encarnação, Jorge Guerra, Tirza Gabrielle Ramos de Mesquita, Suzana Kanawati Pinheiro, Rajendranath Ramasawmy, Fernando Tobias Silveira, Marina de Assis Souza, Hiro Goto
American tegumentary leishmaniasis (ATL) (also known as cutaneous leishmaniasis [CL]) is caused by various species of protozoa of the genus Leishmania The diagnosis is achieved on a clinical, epidemiological, and pathological basis, supported by positive parasitological exams and demonstration of leishmanin delayed-type hypersensitivity. Serological assays are not routinely used in the diagnosis because many are considered to have low sensitivity and the particular Leishmania species causing the disease can lead to variable performance...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888464/mycobiota-of-ground-red-pepper-and-their-aflatoxigenic-potential
#14
Hyeonheui Ham, Sosoo Kim, Min-Hee Kim, Soohyung Lee, Sung Kee Hong, Jae-Gee Ryu, Theresa Lee
To investigate contamination of ground red pepper with fungi and mycotoxin, we obtained 30 ground red pepper samples from 15 manufacturers in the main chili-pepper-producing areas in Korea. Fungal contamination was evaluated by spreading diluted samples on potato dextrose agar plates. The total fungi counts ranged from 0 to 7.3 × 10(3) CFU/g. In the samples, the genus Aspergillus had the highest incidence, while Paecilomyces was isolated most frequently. The next most frequent genera were Rhizopus, Penicillium, Cladosporium, and Alternaria...
December 2016: Journal of Microbiology / the Microbiological Society of Korea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790371/total-or-partial-vertebrectomy-for-lung-cancer-invading-the-spine
#15
Soichi Oka, Hiroki Matsumiya, Shuichi Shinohara, Taiji Kuwata, Masaru Takenaka, Yasuhiro Chikaishi, Ayako Hirai, Naoko Imanishi, Koji Kuroda, Sohsuke Yamada, Hidetaka Uramoto, Eiichiro Nakamura, Fumihiro Tanaka
BACKGROUND: Surgery for lung cancer invading the spine remains challenging associated with high morbidity and mortality. However, recent advances in surgical techniques as well as in perioperative care may improve outcomes of lung cancer surgery with vertebrectomy. We describe our surgical approach and assess the outcome lung cancer invading the spine. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our recent experiences of lung cancer with vertebral invasion, in which we have performed total or partial vertebrectomy from January 2011 through April 2015...
December 2016: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753872/ish-aha-1-a-case-of-refractory-hypertension-controlled-by-repeated-renal-denervation-and-celiac-plexus-block-a-case-of-refractory-sympathetic-overload
#16
Chan Joo Lee, Yeongmin Woo, Byeong-Keuk Kim, Kyung Bong Yoon, Hae-Young Lee, Sungha Park
A 30-year-old woman was referred to our hospital due to high blood pressure, dizziness, headache and blurred vision. She had past history of preeclampsia and gestational hypertension 4 years ago but she had not taken antihypertensive medication in spite of remained hypertension after delivery. She was hospitalized for fever due to urinary tract infection and severe hypertension which was above 210/140 mmHg. Despite maximal medical treatment with telmisartan 80 mg, nifedipine 120 mg, carvedilol 50 mg, doxazocin 8 mg, chlorthalidone 50 mg, spironolactone 50 mg#2, isosorbide dinitrate 80 mg and intermittent intravenous administration of nicardipine and labetalol, her systolic blood pressure remained above 160 mmHg and repeatedly measured above 200 mmHg...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647227/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-breast-cancer-patients
#17
Seokwon Lee, Younglae Jung, Youngtae Bae, Sung Pil Yun, Suk Kim, Hongjae Jo, Hyung-Il Seo
AIMS AND BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in breast cancer patients using liver magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and to investigate factors associated with NAFLD. METHODS: We evaluated 104 patients surgically treated for breast cancer at our hospital between September and November 2013. None of the patients had any other causes of secondary hepatic fat accumulation (such as significant alcohol consumption, use of steatogenic medication or inborn disorders)...
March 24, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643109/ish-aha-1-a-case-of-refractory-hypertension-controlled-by-repeated-renal-denervation-and-celiac-plexus-block-a-case-of-refractory-sympathetic-overload
#18
Chan Joo Lee, Yeongmin Woo, Byeong-Keuk Kim, Kyung Bong Yoon, Hae-Young Lee, Sungha Park
A 30-year-old woman was referred to our hospital due to high blood pressure, dizziness, headache and blurred vision. She had past history of preeclampsia and gestational hypertension 4 years ago but she had not taken antihypertensive medication in spite of remained hypertension after delivery. She was hospitalized for fever due to urinary tract infection and severe hypertension which was above 210/140 mmHg. Despite maximal medical treatment with telmisartan 80 mg, nifedipine 120 mg, carvedilol 50 mg, doxazocin 8 mg, chlorthalidone 50 mg, spironolactone 50 mg#2, isosorbide dinitrate 80 mg and intermittent intravenous administration of nicardipine and labetalol, her systolic blood pressure remained above 160 mmHg and repeatedly measured above 200 mmHg...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428343/-teacher-s-perfomance-assessment-in-family-medicine-specialization
#19
Adrián Martínez-González, Francisco J Gómez-Clavelina, Isaías Hernández-Torres, Fernando Flores-Hernández, Melchor Sánchez-Mendiola
BACKGROUND: In Mexico there is no systematic evaluation of teachers in medical specialties. It is difficult to identify appropriate teaching practices. The lack of evaluation has limited the recognition and improvement of teaching. The objective of this study was to analyze feedback from students about teaching activities of teachers-tutors responsible for the specialization course in family medicine, and evaluate the evidence of reliability and validity of the instrument applied online...
September 2016: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27311424/anodic-oxidation-as-a-means-to-produce-memristive-films
#20
Maria Vittoria Diamanti, Riccardo Pisoni, Andrea Cologni, Andrea Brenna, Fernando Corinto, MariaPia Pedeferri
PURPOSE: In the past few years there has been growing interest in memristive devices. These devices rely on thin metal oxide films with a peculiar structure and composition, making precise control of oxide features vital. To this end, anodic oxidation allows a very large range of oxides to be formed on the surface of valve metals, whose thickness, structure and functional properties depend on the process parameters introduced. This work reports how memristive anodic oxides were obtained on titanium and other valve metals, such as niobium and tantalum...
July 26, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
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