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intracranial hypertension syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903988/metabolic-syndrome-in-relation-to-risk-of-meningioma
#1
Corinna Seliger, Christoph R Meier, Claudia Becker, Susan S Jick, Martin Proescholdt, Ulrich Bogdahn, Peter Hau, Michael F Leitzmann
BACKGROUND: Meningioma is a frequent primary intracranial tumor, the etiology of which is potentially related to adiposity. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is an increasingly common disease characterized by having at least three of the following conditions: central adiposity, arterial hypertension, dyslipidemia, and insulin resistance. Only one prior study investigated MetS in relation to meningioma risk and found a positive association between the two. RESULTS: Among 2,027 cases and 20,269 controls, body mass index was positively associated with meningioma (p-value for trend < 0...
November 26, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903844/therapeutic-approaches-to-pediatric-pseudotumor-cerebri-new-insights-from-literature-data
#2
Giovanna Vitaliti, Piero Pavone, Nassim Matin, Omidreza Tabatabaie, Salvatore Cocuzza, Michele Vecchio, Luigi Maiolino, Paola Di Mauro, Angelo Conti, Riccardo Lubrano, Agostino Serra, Raffaele Falsaperla
The pseudotumor cerebri syndrome (PTCS), also known as idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), is characterized by signs and symptoms of increased intracranial pressure such as headache and cranial nerve palsies, in the absence of any space-occupying mass. This condition commonly affects overweight women of childbearing age, even if it is also frequent in men and children. Children with PTCS may present with atypical signs and symptoms, with a different prognosis compared to adults. However, the treatment is the same for both children and adults, even if there are no strict treatment guidelines in regards...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879597/discussion-sleep-architecture-linked-to-airway-obstruction-and-intracranial-hypertension-in-children-with-syndromic-craniosynostosis
#3
Jeffrey A Fearon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879596/sleep-architecture-linked-to-airway-obstruction-and-intracranial-hypertension-in-children-with-syndromic-craniosynostosis
#4
Bart Spruijt, Irene M J Mathijssen, Hansje H Bredero-Boelhouwer, Perumpillichira J Cherian, Linda J A Corel, Marie-Lise van Veelen, Richard D Hayward, Robert C Tasker, Koen F M Joosten
BACKGROUND: Children with syndromic craniosynostosis often have obstructive sleep apnea and intracranial hypertension. The authors aimed to evaluate (1) sleep architecture, and determine whether this is influenced by the presence of obstructive sleep apnea and/or intracranial hypertension; and (2) the effect of treatment on sleep architecture. METHODS: This study included patients with syndromic craniosynostosis treated at a national referral center, undergoing screening for obstructive sleep apnea and intracranial hypertension...
December 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818191/corticosteroids-for-the-management-of-severe-intracranial-hypertension-in-meningoencephalitis-caused-by-cryptococcus-gattii-a-case-report-and-review
#5
R-A Maciel, L-S Ferreira, F Wirth, P-D Rosa, M Aves, E Turra, L-Z Goldani
Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in meningitis caused by Cryptococcus gattii in immunocompetent patients after initiation of antifungal therapy appears to be the result of paradoxical antifungal treatment-induced clinical deterioration due to improved local immune responses to cryptococcal organisms. Recent anecdotal reports have suggested a favorable clinical response to corticosteroids in select patients with C. gattii central nervous system (CNS) infections. In this report, we describe a 65-year-old patient with meningoencephalitis caused by C...
November 3, 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816347/cerebral-venous-thrombosis
#6
José Manuel Ferro, Patrícia Canhão, Diana Aguiar de Sousa
Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) has an incidence of 1.32/100,000/years in high-income countries, and higher in middle- and low-income countries. CVT is more frequent in infants and children young adults and females, especially during pregnancy/puerperium. CVT are now being diagnosed with increasing frequency because of the increased awareness and higher use of magnetic resonance imaging (MR) for investigating patients with acute and subacute headaches and new onset seizures. CVT rarely present as a stroke syndrome...
November 2, 2016: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795862/malignant-hypertensive-retinopathy-in-an-infant-with-mid-aortic-occlusion
#7
Lawrence J Oh, Gaurav Bhardwaj, David S Winlaw, Craig E Donaldson
Purpose. Case report describing an eight-month-old infant presenting with intermittent esotropia and irritability who was found to have malignant (grade 4) hypertensive retinopathy and mid-aortic syndrome. Methods. Visual acuity was 6/140 in the right eye and not recordable in the left eye. Blood pressure was as high as 230/120 mmHg. Fundoscopy revealed bilateral optic disc swelling, macular stars, and serous retinal detachment in the left eye, findings that are consistent with malignant (grade 4) hypertensive retinopathy...
2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786584/medication-related-pseudotumor-cerebri-syndrome
#8
Olga R Thon, John W Gittinger
Pseudotumor cerebri syndrome refers to elevated intracranial pressure associated with papilledema without an identified etiology for intracranial hypertension. Over the past few decades, several medications have been described to be associated with this syndrome. We searched the literature for those case reports and series and evaluated the evidence for the association of such medications with pseudotumor cerebri syndrome.
October 27, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773590/variant-type-of-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-with-diffuse-cerebral-white-matter-and-brainstem-involvement-associated-with-intracranial-hemorrhage
#9
Yin-Xi Zhang, Yang Zheng, Bi-Jun Zhang, Yun Zhang, Mei-Ping Ding, Bao-Rong Zhang
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a clinical-radiological syndrome characterized by reversible vasogenic edema typically at a posterior location of the cerebrum. PRES with prominent brainstem or basal ganglia involvement is defined as central-variant, which is rare. We herein report an atypical case of a 35-year-old man with a 2-year history of untreated hypertension who complained of recurrent dizziness. The patient presented with brainstem and diffuse white matter involvement associated with intracranial hemorrhage and recovered fully after therapy...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761224/neuro-ophthalmological-manifestations-after-intramuscular-medroxyprogesterone-a-forme-fruste-of-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension
#10
Mandreker Bahall, Antonio Jose Reyes, Kanterpersad Ramcharan, Nadeem Hosein, Karan Seegobin, Krishni Bahall, Hiranyadeva Sharma, Stephanie Dhansingh, Amanda Mahabir
We report a case of a 22-year-old female student nurse who presented to hospital with an acute neuro-ophthalmological syndrome characterized by papilledema, ataxia, ophthalmoplegia and headache after a single first time use of 150 mg medroxyprogesterone intramuscular injection. Clinical, laboratory, radiological and ophthalmological investigations were in keeping with the diagnosis of idiopathic intracranial hypertension but lumbar puncture did not show a raised cerebrospinal fluid pressure suggesting a forme fruste of this entity...
September 30, 2016: Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743925/subarachnoid-hemorrhage-following-angioplasty-and-stenting-in-a-patient-with-primitive-drainage-pattern-of-the-basal-vein-of-rosenthal
#11
Rustum Karanjia, Alfredo A Sadun, Angelos A Konstas
Severe visual loss may occur in patients with pseudotumor cerebri (PTC), also known as idiopathic intracranial hypertension. Transverse sinus stenosis is 1 cause of PTC syndrome. Although the role of transverse sinus stenosis in the pathogenesis of the disease remains controversial, recent case series of transverse sinus stenting have reported very high rates of symptom response and resolution of papilledema with improvement or at least stabilization of the visual fields and visual acuity (Ahmed et al., 2011)...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739559/bilateral-cavernous-sinus-thrombosis-in-a-patient-with-tacrolimus-associated-posttransplant-thrombotic-microangiopathy
#12
Anton M Kolomeyer, Ken K Nischal, Ellen Mitchell
PURPOSE: To report a case of bilateral cavernous sinus thrombosis (CST) in a patient with tacrolimus-associated posttransplant thrombotic microangiopathy. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: An 8-year-old boy with a medical history of orthotopic heart transplant, posttransplant lymphoproliferative disease, and recurrent infections was hospitalized for nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. His ocular history included accommodative esotropia, hyperopia with astigmatism, Molluscum contagiosum lid lesions, and idiopathic intracranial hypertension...
October 13, 2016: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707618/insight-into-the-cerebral-hyperperfusion-syndrome-following-carotid-endarterectomy-from-the-national-vascular-quality-initiative
#13
Grace J Wang, Adam W Beck, Randall R DeMartino, Philip P Goodney, Caron B Rockman, Ronald M Fairman
BACKGROUND: Cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome (CHS), characterized by severe ipsilateral headache, seizures, and intracranial hemorrhage, is a rare, poorly understood complication that can be fatal following carotid endarterectomy (CEA). The purpose of the study was to determine the factors associated with CHS as captured in the Vascular Quality Initiative. METHODS: Analysis was conducted on 51,001 procedures captured from the CEA module of the Vascular Quality Initiative from 2003 to 2015...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681952/surgical-treatment-of-pseudotumor-cerebri
#14
Hamza Karabag, Mehtap Kocaturk, Kadri Burak Ethemoglu, Ozlem Ethemoglu, Ahmet Celal Iplikcioglu
AIM: To share our experience with idiopathic intracranial hypertension. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patients believed to have pseudotumor cerebri underwent a fundus oculi examination to confirm the existence of papillary stasis and lumbar puncture (LP) to measure cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure. Patients who did not respond to medical treatment underwent fundus oculi examinations at 3-week intervals. Patients with CFS pressures exceeding 240 mm H2O underwent at least three LPs at 3-day intervals...
2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667557/blood-brain-barrier-changes-in-high-altitude
#15
José V Lafuente, Garazi Bermudez, Lorena Camargo-Arce, Susana Bulnes
Cerebral syndromes related to high-altitude exposure are becoming more frequent as the number of trips to high altitudes has increased in the last decade. The commonest symptom is headache, followed by acute mountain sickness (AMS) and high-altitude cerebral edema (HACE), which can be fatal. The pathophysiology of these syndromes is not fully understood. The classical "tight-fit hypothesis" posits that there are some anatomical variations that would obstruct the sinovenous outflow and worsen vasogenic edema and intracranial hypertension reactive to hypoxia...
2016: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662346/distortion-product-otoacoustic-emissions-and-intracranial-pressure-during-csf-infusion-testing
#16
Michael A Williams, Jan Malm, Anders Eklund, Nicholas J Horton, Susan E Voss
BACKGROUND: A noninvasive method to monitor changes in intracranial pressure (ICP) is required for astronauts on long-duration spaceflight who are at risk of developing the Visual Impairment/Intracranial Pressure syndrome that has some, but not all of the features of idiopathic intracranial hypertension. We assessed the validity of distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) to detect changes in ICP. METHODS: Subjects were eight patients undergoing medically necessary diagnostic cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) infusion testing for hydrocephalus...
2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639512/-reversible-cerebral-vasoconstriction-syndrome-a-rare-pediatric-cause-of-thunderclap-headaches
#17
M Trolliet, A Sevely, J-F Albucher, N Nasr, C Hachon Lecamus, K Deiva, E Cheuret
Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) is characterized by thunderclap headaches with diffuse segmental constriction of cerebral arteries that resolves spontaneously within 3 months. We report on a case of a 13-year-old boy presenting with acute severe headaches, triggered by physical exertion. His past medical history was uneventful. Moderate headache persisted between exacerbations for 4 weeks. He secondarily presented with signs of intracranial hypertension. Brain magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) revealed multifocal narrowing of the cerebral arteries...
September 14, 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624140/major-determinants-of-survival-and-length-of-stay-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-of-newborns-from-women-with-premature-preterm-rupture-of-membranes
#18
Meryem Kurek Eken, Abdülhamit Tüten, Enis Özkaya, Güner Karatekin, Ateş Karateke
OBJECTIVE: To assess the predictors of outcome in terms of length of stay in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and survival of neonates from women with preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). METHODS: A population-based retrospective study including three hundred thirty-one singleton pregnant women with PPROM at 24-34 gestational weeks between January 2013 and December 2015 was conducted. Gestational age at delivery, birth weight, route of delivery, newborn gender, maternal age,oligohydramnios, premature retinopathy (ROP), necrotising enterocolitis (NEC), sepsis, fetal growth retardation (FGR), intracranial hemorrhagia (ICH), bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH), congenital cardiac disease (CCD), patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), use of cortisol (betamethasone) and maternal complications including gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, and chorioamnionitis were used to predict neonatal outcomes in terms of length of stay in the NICU and survival...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596079/-relationship-between-changes-of-increased-amylase-or-lipase-levels-and-pancreas-injury-in-critically-ill-children
#19
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: To observe the occurrence rate of elevated serum amylase and lipase in critically ill children, to explore the relationship between elevated pancreatic enzymes and pancreatic injury, and the effect of elevated pancreatic enzymes on state of illness and the prognosis. METHOD: The data of cases treated in pediatric intensive care unit(ICU) of 17 children's hospitals were collected prospectively from January 2012 to March 2014 according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria...
September 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583897/intracranial-hypertension-as-the-primary-symptom-of-gastric-signet-ring-cell-carcinoma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
Jiali Pu, Lingjia Xu, Xinzhen Yin, Baorong Zhang
BACKGROUND: Intracranial hypertension (IH) is a neurological disorder characterized by increased intracranial pressure. It is a poorly understood syndrome that most commonly manifests nonspecific symptoms such as stroke-like headache, vision changes, nausea, vomiting, and papilledema. IH has been reported in young cancer patients but never in association with gastric signet-ring cell carcinoma. METHODS: Here, we discuss the case of an 18-year-old girl with gastric signet-ring cell carcinoma in which IH was the primary symptom accompanied by the even rarer symptom of cutaneous metastases...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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