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intracranial hypertension syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149356/early-occurrence-of-sinking-skin-flap-syndrome-in-a%C3%A2-state-of-intracranial-hypertension-case-report
#1
Jeongwook Lim, Hyon-Jo Kwon, Seon-Hwan Kim, Hyeon-Song Koh, Seung-Won Choi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2017: Clinical Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137049/garcin-syndrome-caused-by-parotid-gland-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-a-case-report
#2
Nian-Ge Xia, Yan-Yan Chen, Xin-Shi Wang, Hui-Qin Xu, Rong-Yuan Zheng
RATIONALE: Garcin syndrome is characterized by the gradual involvement, and ultimately, unilateral paralysis of at least 7 and sometimes all cranial nerves, without intracranial hypertension or any long tract signs. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report the case of a 59-year-old woman who presented with Garcin syndrome, which gradually progressed over a period of 2 years. DIAGNOSIS: A left parotid gland biopsy revealed parotid gland adenoid cystic carcinoma (PGACC) with perineural invasion of a peripheral nerve bundle and lymph node metastasis...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121660/associations-between-fatty-liver-index-and-asymptomatic-intracranial-vertebrobasilar-stenosis-in-chinese-population
#3
Jing Qiu, Zhiwei Zhou, Jie Wang, Yiying Wang, Chunxing Liu, Xingxiang Liu, Yunfang Xu, Lugang Yu, Hui Zhou, Jie Lin, Zhirong Guo, Chen Dong
Metabolic diseases such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and metabolic syndromes (MetS) have been recognized as the important risk factors for asymptomatic intracranial vertebrobasilar stenosis (IVBS). Although fatty liver index (FLI) is significantly related with these diseases, the association between FLI and IVBS remains unclear. In the present study, 2368 participants (30-75 years) were recruited from a Chinese prospective cohort study of PMMJS. Amongst them, 2281 individuals who did not have IVBS at baseline were enrolled in the 6-year following-up study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110769/impaired-cerebrospinal-fluid-pressure
#4
Jan Hoffmann
Abnormalities of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure are relatively common and may lead to a variety of symptoms, with headache usually being the most prominent one. The clinical presentation of alterations in CSF pressure may vary significantly and show a striking similitude to several primary headache syndromes. While an increase in CSF pressure may be of primary or secondary origin, a pathologic decrease of CSF pressure is usually the result of a meningeal rupture with a resulting leakage of CSF. The pathophysiologic mechanisms of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) remain largely unknown...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100834/ophthalmic-findings-in-frank-ter-haar-syndrome-report-of-a-sibling-pair
#5
Ta C Chang, Mislen Bauer, Herminia S Puerta, Matthew B Greenberg, Kara M Cavuoto
Frank-ter Haar syndrome (FTHS) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by abnormalities that affect the development of bone, heart, and eyes. We report a sibling pair with FTHS caused by a homozygous, novel mutation pLys133Glnfs*13 in the SH3PXD2B gene: one sibling had bilateral ocular hypertension and unilateral colobomas of iris, choroid and retina; the other, unilateral myelinated nerve fiber layer of the optic disk and papilledema due to idiopathic intracranial hypertension. Both children had refractive amblyopia and megalocornea...
October 31, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081363/diagnostic-criteria-in-pediatric-intracranial-hypertension
#6
Hilliary E Inger, David L Rogers, Mary Lou McGregor, Shawn C Aylward, Rachel E Reem
BACKGROUND: The modified Dandy criteria and the newer diagnostic criteria for pseudotumor cerebri syndrome (PTCS) are both used to diagnose intracranial hypertension (IH). In comparison to the modified Dandy criteria, the PTCS criteria stratify the IH diagnosis into definite, probable, and suggested categories, exclude clinical symptoms, and use radiologic evidence for diagnosis. There is a lack of consensus on which criteria should be used in the pediatric population. The purpose of this study was to compare the diagnostic criteria for PTCS to the modified Dandy criteria and to identify limitations within both sets of criteria...
November 8, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078127/radiculopathy-as-unusual-presentation-of-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-a-case-report
#7
Osama Ragab, Azza Ghali, Ayman Al-Malt, Shereen Al-Ahwal
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a disorder of young obese females and characterized by headache, papilledema with raised intracranial pressure in the absence of known pathological cause. However, ophthalmoplegia is common presentation of IIH, limb weakness is rare and may led to misdiagnosis and poor outcome. CASE: We report female patient presented with acute onset of quadriparesis, headache and ophthalmoplegia, the fundus examination showed papilledema, the MRI brain showed no detectable abnormal finding...
October 24, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052046/headache-and-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#8
A Negro, Z Delaruelle, T A Ivanova, S Khan, R Ornello, B Raffaelli, A Terrin, U Reuter, D D Mitsikostas
This systematic review summarizes the existing data on headache and pregnancy with a scope on clinical headache phenotypes, treatment of headaches in pregnancy and effects of headache medications on the child during pregnancy and breastfeeding, headache related complications, and diagnostics of headache in pregnancy. Headache during pregnancy can be both primary and secondary, and in the last case can be a symptom of a life-threatening condition. The most common secondary headaches are stroke, cerebral venous thrombosis, subarachnoid hemorrhage, pituitary tumor, choriocarcinoma, eclampsia, preeclampsia, idiopathic intracranial hypertension, and reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988884/cerebral-hyperperfusion-syndrome-an-unusual-but-disastrous-complication-of-carotid-recanalization-a-case-report
#9
Bahaadin Siroos, Mohammad Hossein Harirchian, Ali Kazemi Khaledi, Majid Ghaffarpour, Samad Golshani
Cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome (CHS), known as the dark side of carotid recanalization, happens in about 0%-3% of patients. Unfortunately, physicians involving in carotid recanalization generally are not aware of diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of this unusual but potentially life-threatening disorder. Severe bilateral carotid stenosis is suggested to predispose patients to CHS by decrement of cerebrovascular reactivity in a setting of chronic hypoperfusion state. We here introduced such a case; a 69-year-old man, a known case of hypertension and ischemic heart disease, who developed progressive intracranial hypertension underlying CHS after carotid stenting because of symptomatic severe bilateral carotid stenosis...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987433/cerebral-venous-thrombosis-a-challenging-neurologic-diagnosis
#10
REVIEW
Brit Long, Alex Koyfman, Michael S Runyon
Headache is a common emergency department chief complaint. Although most are benign, emergency physicians must rapidly identify and manage the uncommon, sometimes subtle, presentation of headache from a life-threatening cause. Cerebral venous thrombosis imparts significant morbidity and mortality, and can be a challenging diagnosis. It most commonly occurs in those under 50 years of age with thrombosis of the cerebral veins/sinuses. Diagnosis is frequently delayed. The disease can present with 1 or more clinical syndromes, including intracranial hypertension with headaches, focal neurologic deficits, seizures, and encephalopathy...
November 2017: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936083/unilateral-papilledema-in-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis
#11
Girish Baburao Kulkarni, Ravinder Jeet Singh, Veeranna Gadad, Subasree Ramakrishnan, Veerendrakumar Mustare
In the majority of patients with raised intracranial pressure, the papilledema is bilateral. Unilateral papilledema is rare in conditions causing intracranial hypertension, and it has been described in Foster-Kennedy syndrome and in some cases of idiopathic intracranial hypertension. It has never been reported in cerebral venous thrombosis. We report a young lady presenting with features of subacute onset of headache with seizures, on evaluation she had superior sagittal and bilateral lateral sinus thrombosis...
August 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904671/-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-a-rare-case-related-to-pregnancy
#12
Jihad Drissi, Ayman Hachi, Laila Adlani, Jaouad Kouach, Driss Moussaoui, Mohamed Dehayni
We report the case of a 25-year old primipara whose pregnancy was complicated by idiopathic intracranial hypertension (ICHT) associated with visual impairment in the first quarter. She underwent lumboperitoneal shunt without obstetric consequences. This study aimed to determine the features of this rare pathological entity whose pathophysiological mechanism is poorly elucidated. It would be caused by poor absorption of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) through the arachnoid granulations. Major risk factors are: obesity, polycystic ovary syndrome, thrombophilia and hyperfibrinolyse...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860105/ascertaining-the-value-of-noninvasive-measures-obtained-using-color-duplex-ultrasound-and-central-aortic-pressure-monitoring-during-the-management-of-cerebral-arteriovenous-malformation-resection-protocol-for-a-prospective-case-control-pilot-study
#13
Kathryn J Busch, Hosen Kiat
BACKGROUND: Dramatic hemodynamic changes occur upon removal of an arteriovenous malformation of the brain (bAVM) with a number of potentially serious perioperative complications, such as intracranial hemorrhage and venous occlusive hypertensive syndrome. As these complications largely occur in the postoperative inpatient period, a rapid, repeatable noninvasive investigation to serially monitor relevant intracranial hemodynamics may be of benefit. Though, transcranial Doppler (TCD) and transcranial color duplex (TCCD) are techniques used and available to provide hemodynamic measurements postoperatively, the time course of hemodynamic sequences following bAVM resection remains uncertain...
August 31, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836059/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-in-children-with-kidney-disease
#14
REVIEW
Cristina Gavrilovici, Ingrith Miron, Luminiţa Voroneanu, Silvia Bădărau, Magdalena Stârcea
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) has been described as a neurological condition observed in a variety of clinical settings and is characterized by focal neurological deficits, seizures, headaches, altered mental status, and visual impairment, associated with transient typical lesions on neuroimaging, predominantly in the posterior part of the brain. The most common risk factors for PRES are hypertension, renal diseases, and the use of calcineurin inhibitors. The incidence of PRES in children with renal disorders varies between 4 and 9%, according to different reports...
October 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815188/painless-aortic-dissection-diagnostic-dilemma-with-fatal-outcomes-what-do-we-learn
#15
Saeeda Fatima, Konika Sharma
Aortic dissection is the most catastrophic clinical condition that involves the aorta. It has a high mortality as well as high rate of misdiagnosis due to frequent unusual presentation. Typically, it presents with acute chest, back, and tearing abdominal pain. However, it can present atypically with minimal or no pain, making diagnosis difficult. Physicians should always suspect acute aortic dissection in patients with certain clinical conditions like difficult-to-control hypertension, giant cell arteritis, bicuspid aortic valve, intracranial aneurysms, simple renal cysts, family history of aortic disease, and Marfan syndrome, especially when a patient presents with ischemic symptoms involving multiple organ without an obvious cause...
July 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806347/pediatric-pseudotumor-cerebri-syndrome
#16
REVIEW
Paul H Phillips, Claire A Sheldon
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension, otherwise known as primary pseudotumor cerebri syndrome (PTCS), most frequently occurs in obese women of childbearing age. However, children may be affected as well. This review will address recent findings regarding demographics, diagnosis, and treatment of pediatric PTCS. Prepubertal children with primary PTCS have an equal sex distribution and less frequent obesity compared with adult patients. However, female gender and obesity are risk factors for primary PTCS in postpubertal children...
September 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780516/diagnosis-of-endocrine-disease-primary-empty-sella-a-comprehensive-review
#17
REVIEW
S Chiloiro, A Giampietro, A Bianchi, T Tartaglione, A Capobianco, C Anile, L De Marinis
Primary empty sella (PES) is characterized by the herniation of the subarachnoid space within the sella, which is often associated with variable degrees of flattening of the pituitary gland in patients without previous pituitary pathologies. PES pathogenetic mechanisms are not well known but seem to be due to a sellar diaphragm incompetence, associated to the occurrence of upper sellar or pituitary factors, as intracranial hypertension and change of pituitary volume. As PES represents in a majority of cases, a neuroradiological findings without any clinical implication, the occurrence of endocrine, neurological and opthalmological symptoms, due to the above describes anatomical alteration, which delineates from the so called PES syndrome...
December 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768582/blind-overnight-a-case-of-fulminant-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension
#18
Janpreet Singh Bhandohal, Taimur Mirza
Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension (IIH) is a syndrome seen predominantly in obese women of reproductive age group, characterized by signs and symptoms of increased intracranial pressure due to an unknown cause. Some individuals have a more malignant form of disease called fulminant idiopathic intracranial hypertension with rapid worsening of symptoms over days. We report a case of 33year-old obese female (BMI 36.9) who presented with a severe headache and blurred vision for one week, found to have idiopathic intracranial hypertension with rapid worsening of symptoms suggestive of a fulminant course of disease...
October 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761511/genetic-associations-of-intracranial-aneurysm-formation-and-sub-arachnoid-hemorrhage
#19
REVIEW
Christian B Theodotou, Brian M Snelling, Samir Sur, Diogo C Haussen, Eric C Peterson, Mohamed Samy Elhammady
Risk factors for cerebral aneurysms typically include age, hypertension, smoking, and alcohol usage. However, the possible connection of aneurysms with genetic conditions such as Marfan's syndrome, polycystic kidney disease, and neurofibromatosis raises the question of possible genetic risk factors for aneurysm, and additionally, genetic risk factors for rupture. We conducted a literature review using the PubMed database for studies regarding genetic correlation with cerebral aneurysm formation as well as rupture from December 2008 to Jun 2015...
July 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754842/oral-fluoroquinolones-and-risk-of-secondary-pseudotumor-cerebri-syndrome-nested-case-control-study
#20
Mohit Sodhi, Claire A Sheldon, Bruce Carleton, Mahyar Etminan
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the risk of secondary pseudotumor cerebri syndrome (PTCS) with fluoroquinolones. METHODS: A case-control study of people 15-60 years of age from the LifeLink Database (QuintilesIMS, Parsippany, NJ) was conducted. Cases had the first ICD-9-CM code for benign intracranial hypertension (BIH) as well as having received a procedure code for an MRI or CT scan and a lumbar puncture within 15 days or 30 days of the BIH code. For each case, 10 controls were selected using density-based sampling...
August 22, 2017: Neurology
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