keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Maladaptive personality traits

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424568/validity-of-the-dsm-5-levels-of-personality-functioning-scale-self-report
#1
Christopher J Hopwood, Evan W Good, Leslie C Morey
In this study we examined the structure, reliability, and validity of the Levels of Personality Functioning Scale-Self Report (LPFS-SR) in 3 large community samples. The LPFS-SR is a questionnaire with content that corresponds directly to the DSM-5 alternative model of personality disorders, Criterion A. We found that the LPFS-SR was highly reliable across a brief retest interval. LPFS-SR scores correlated substantially with a wide range of maladaptive personality traits, personality disorder constructs, and interpersonal problems...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405922/ptsd-symptom-severity-and-emotion-regulation-strategy-use-during-trauma-cue-exposure-among-patients-with-substance-use-disorders-associations-with-negative-affect-craving-and-cortisol-reactivity
#2
Matthew T Tull, Christopher R Berghoff, Linnie E Wheeless, Rivka T Cohen, Kim L Gratz
The co-occurrence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) pathology with a substance use disorder (SUD) is associated with emotion regulation deficits. However, studies in this area generally rely on trait-based emotion regulation measures, and there is limited information on the relation of PTSD pathology to the use of specific emotion regulation strategies in response to trauma-related distress among SUD patients or the consequences of these strategies for trauma cue reactivity. This study examined the relation of PTSD symptom severity to the use of specific emotion regulation strategies during trauma cue exposure among trauma-exposed SUD patients, as well as the indirect relations of PTSD symptom severity to changes in negative affect, cravings, and cortisol levels pre- to posttrauma cue exposure through different emotion regulation strategies...
January 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323514/ffmpd-scales-comparisons-with-the-ffm-pid-5-and-cat-pd-sf
#3
Cristina Crego, Joshua R Oltmanns, Thomas A Widiger
A series of 8 Five Factor Model Personality Disorder (FFMPD) scales have been developed to assess, from the perspective of the Five Factor Model (FFM), the maladaptive traits included within DSM-5 Section II personality disorders. An extensive body of FFMPD research has accumulated. However, for the most part, each study has been confined to the scales within 1 particular FFMPD Inventory. The current study considered 36 FFMPD scales, at least 1 from each of the 8 FFMPD inventories, including 8 scales considered to be from neuroticism, 8 from extraversion, 5 from openness, 8 from agreeableness, and 7 from conscientiousness...
January 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323511/representing-schizotypal-thinking-with-dimensional-traits-a-case-for-the-five-factor-schizotypal-inventory
#4
Erin L Moorman, Douglas B Samuel
Building on support for the five-factor model (FFM) of personality disorder, the Five Factor Schizotypal Inventory (FFSI) was developed to assess maladaptive traits relevant to schizotypal personality disorder. While the development of the FFSI supports a continuity between schizotypal thinking and perception (STAP) and the FFM domain of Openness to Experience, other studies show inconsistent findings concerning the strength of this relationship. The current study evaluates these relationships by investigating specific components of a short-form of the FFSI (e...
January 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323509/five-factor-model-personality-disorder-scales-an-introduction-to-a-special-section-on-assessment-of-maladaptive-variants-of-the-five-factor-model
#5
R Michael Bagby, Thomas A Widiger
The Five-Factor Model (FFM) is a dimensional model of general personality structure, consisting of the domains of neuroticism (or emotional instability), extraversion versus introversion, openness (or unconventionality), agreeableness versus antagonism, and conscientiousness (or constraint). The FFM is arguably the most commonly researched dimensional model of general personality structure. However, a notable limitation of existing measures of the FFM has been a lack of coverage of its maladaptive variants...
January 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232888/a-comparison-of-the-social-adaptive-perspective-and-functionalist-perspective-on-guilt-and-shame
#6
REVIEW
Heidi L Dempsey
Within the field of guilt and shame two competing perspectives have been advanced. The first, the social-adaptive perspective, proposes that guilt is an inherently adaptive emotion and shame is an inherently maladaptive emotion. Thus, those interested in moral character development and psychopathology should work to increase an individual's guilt-proneness and decrease an individual's shame-proneness. The functionalist perspective, in contrast, argues that both guilt and shame can serve a person adaptively or maladaptively-depending on the situational appropriateness, duration, intensity, and so forth...
December 11, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174875/insights-into-aspects-behind-internet-related-disorders-in-adolescents-the-interplay-of-personality-and-symptoms-of-adjustment-disorders
#7
Kai W Müller, Klaus Wölfling, Manfred E Beutel, Birgit Stark, Oliver Quiring, Stefan Aufenanger, Christian Schemer, Mathias Weber, Leonard Reinecke
PURPOSE: Problematic Internet use (PIU) that has recently been referred to as Internet-related disorder is a growing health concern. Yet, it is unclear why some adolescents are developing problematic use, whereas others sustain control. Based on previous research, we hypothesize that personality traits (low conscientiousness and high neuroticism) act as predispositions for PIU. We further hypothesize that PIU can be understood as a maladaptive reaction toward critical life events and that these maladaptive reactions are exacerbated by dysfunctional personality traits...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171877/personality-traits-and-maladaptivity-unipolarity-vs-bipolarity
#8
Trevor F Williams, Leonard J Simms
Objective Dimensional personality trait models have gained favor as an alternative to categorical personality disorder (PD) diagnosis; however, debate persists regarding whether these traits should be conceptualized as maladaptive at both extremes (i.e., maladaptively bipolar) or just one trait pole (i.e., unipolar) Method To inform the debate on maladaptive bipolarity, linear and nonlinear relations between personality traits and dysfunction were examined in a large psychiatric patient sample (N = 365). Participants self-reported on normal-range and pathological personality domains, life satisfaction, specific interpersonal problems, and broad psychosocial functioning...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163301/the-relationship-between-defense-patterns-and-dsm-5-maladaptive-personality-domains
#9
Antonella Granieri, Luana La Marca, Giuseppe Mannino, Serena Giunta, Fanny Guglielmucci, Adriano Schimmenti
Aim: Research has extensively examined the relationship between defense mechanisms (DM) and personality traits. However, no study to date has explored if specific defenses (alone or in combination) are able to predict dysfunctional variants of personality domains, as conceived in the alternative DSM-5 model for personality disorders. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between DMs and DSM-5 maladaptive personality domains among adults. Materials and Methods: Three hundred and twenty-eight adults aged between 18 and 64 years old completed measures on DMs and maladapive personality domains...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130695/a-test-of-the-empirical-profile-and-coherence-of-the-dsm-5-psychopathy-specifier
#10
Joshua D Miller, Joanna Lamkin, Jessica L Maples-Keller, Chelsea E Sleep, Donald R Lynam
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5th edition (DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013) introduced a psychopathy specifier (DSM-5 PS) as part of the Section III diagnostic model of antisocial personality disorder. Designed to capture the construct of fearless dominance/boldness, the DSM-5 PS is assessed on the basis of the presence of low scores on traits of withdrawal and anxiousness, and high scores on attention seeking. These constructs have garnered attention in the past decade but are the subject of substantial debate as to their role in the conceptualization and assessment of psychopathy, given their limited relations to the maladaptive outcomes typically associated with this personality disorder...
November 13, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109672/towards-a-developmentally-integrative-model-of-personality-change-a-focus-on-three-potential-mechanisms
#11
Elizabeth N Riley, Sarah J Peterson, Gregory T Smith
While the overall stability of personality across the lifespan has been well-documented, one does see incremental changes in a number of personality traits, changes that may impact overall life trajectories in both positive and negative ways. In this chapter, we present a new, developmentally-oriented and integrative model of the factors that might lead to personality change, drawing from the theoretical and empirical work of prior models (e.g. Caspi & Roberts, 2001; Roberts et al., 2005) as well as from our own longitudinal studies of personality change and risky behavior engagement in children, adolescents, and young adults (Boyle et al...
2017: Advances in Psychology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106271/developmental-pathways-of-childhood-dark-traits
#12
Barbara De Clercq, Joeri Hofmans, Jasmine Vergauwe, Filip De Fruyt, Carla Sharp
The dark triad of personality has traditionally been defined by 3 interrelated constructs, defined as Narcissism, Machiavellianism, and Psychopathy. Although the content of each of these constructs is clearly represented in childhood maladaptive trait measures, no studies have jointly addressed the prospective developmental course of this core set of maladaptive characteristics throughout childhood and adolescence. The current study uses latent growth modeling to explore how early dark traits develop over time, relying on a selected set of 6 childhood maladaptive traits that conceptually cover the adult dark triad...
October 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080669/personality-biomarkers-of-pathological-gambling-a-machine-learning-study
#13
Antonio Cerasa, Danilo Lofaro, Paolo Cavedini, Iolanda Martino, Antonella Bruni, Alessia Sarica, Domenico Mauro, Giuseppe Merante, Ilaria Rossomanno, Maria Rizzuto, Antonio Palmacci, Benedetta Aquino, Pasquale De Fazio, Giampaolo R Perna, Elena Vanni, Giuseppe Olivadese, Domenico Conforti, Gennarina Arabia, Aldo Quattrone
BACKGROUND: The application of artificial intelligence to extract predictors of Gambling disorder (GD) is a new field of study. A plethora of studies have suggested that maladaptive personality dispositions may serve as risk factors for GD. NEW METHOD: Here, we used Classification and Regression Trees algorithm to identify multivariate predictive patterns of personality profiles that could identify GD patients from healthy controls at an individual level. Forty psychiatric patients, recruited from specialized gambling clinics, without any additional comorbidity and 160 matched healthy controls completed the Five-Factor model of personality as measured by the NEO-PI-R, which were used to build the classification model...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075121/coping-schemas-and-cardiovascular-risks-study-protocol
#14
Milos Slepecky, Antonia Kotianova, Jan Prasko, Ivan Majercak, Erika Gyorgyova, Michal Kotian, Marta Zatkova, Ingrid Tonhajzerova, Michaela Chupacova, Marta Popelkova
The aim of this article is to describe the protocol of a trial focusing on the psychological, anthropometric, cardiac, and psychophysiological factors contributing to increased risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). As background, the article provides a short overview of research literature linking personal traits, maladaptive schemas, and coping styles with CVDs through reactivity of the autonomic nervous system.
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039706/associations-of-self-presentation-on-facebook-with-mental-health-and-personality-variables-a-systematic-review
#15
Conal Twomey, Gary O'Reilly
Many investigations of the associations of self-presentation on Facebook with mental health and personality variables exist, but their findings have not yet been synthetized. We therefore carried out a narrative synthesis of 21 observational studies (combined N = 7,573) obtained from a systematic search of four academic databases. Significant self-presentation associations were yielded for self-esteem, perceived social support, social anxiety, well-being, depression, bipolar/mania, stress, self-consciousness, and insecure attachment...
October 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027200/do-personality-traits-mediate-the-relationship-between-childhood-abuse-and-migraine-an-exploration-of-the-relationships-in-young-adults-using-the-add-health-dataset
#16
Monita Karmakar, Jon D Elhai, Aliaksandr A Amialchuk, Gretchen E Tietjen
BACKGROUND: Personality traits (especially neuroticism) and childhood maltreatment have been independently related to many negative health outcomes later in life, including migraine. Studies have also shown the association between childhood maltreatment and maladaptive personality traits. The mediating role of personality traits on the relationship between childhood maltreatment and depression, psychological distress, and alcohol dependence has been extensively studied. However, this type of mediation has not been studied in the case of the development of migraine...
October 13, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017093/personality-pathology-and-intentional-self-harm-cross-cutting-insights-from-categorical-and-dimensional-models
#17
REVIEW
Brianna J Turner, Hyejin M Jin, Michael D Anestis, Katherine L Dixon-Gordon, Kim L Gratz
This paper reviews current literature on the links between personality pathology and intentional self-harm, including nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidal behaviors. Specifically, this review highlights recent advances stemming from longitudinal, epidemiological, and health registry studies, as well as emerging research on pathological personality traits and intentional self-harm, and integrates current knowledge across dimensional and categorical frameworks to provide recommendations for clinical practice and future research...
September 22, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983264/the-dark-triad-and-the-pid-5-maladaptive-personality-traits-accuracy-confidence-and-response-bias-in-judgments-of-veracity
#18
Benno G Wissing, Marc-André Reinhard
The Dark Triad traits-narcissism, Machiavellianism and psychopathy-have been found to be associated with intra- or interpersonal deception production frequency. This cross-sectional study (N = 207) investigated if the Dark Triad traits are also associated with deception detection accuracy, as implicated by the recent conception of a deception-general ability. To investigate associations between maladaptive personality space and deception, the PID-5 maladaptive personality traits were included to investigate if besides Machiavellianism, Detachment is negatively associated with response bias...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966982/moment-to-moment-within-person-associations-between-acts-of-discrimination-and-internalized-stigma-in-people-living-with-hiv-an-experience-sampling-study
#19
Pariya L Fazeli, Janet M Turan, Henna Budhwani, Whitney Smith, James L Raper, Michael J Mugavero, Bulent Turan
Internalized stigma related to HIV is associated with poorer outcomes for people living with HIV (PLWH). However, little is known about the association between experiences of daily acts of discrimination by others and the activation of internalized stigma, including factors that may moderate this association. One hundred nine men living with HIV responded to experience sampling method (ESM) questions 3 times a day for 7 days via smart-phones. ESM questions included experiences of recent acts of discrimination, internalized HIV stigma, avoidance coping with HIV, and recent social support...
August 2017: Stigma and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957742/basic-personality-model
#20
REVIEW
Thomas A Widiger, Cristina Crego, Stephanie L Rojas, Joshua R Oltmanns
The personality structure of persons within clinical populations may not be fundamentally different from the personality structure of persons who have not sought treatment for their maladaptive personality traits. Indeed, there has long been an interest in understanding personality disorders as maladaptive variants of general personality structure. Presented herein is an understanding of personality disorder from the perspective of basic personality research; more specifically, the five factor model (FFM) of general personality structure...
September 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
keyword
keyword
498
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"