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Maladaptive personality traits

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301180/borderline-personality-disorder-and-mental-health-care-utilization-the-role-of-self-harm
#1
Randy A Sansone, Martin Sellbom, Douglas A Songer
The current study examined the associations for borderline personality disorder (BPD) and a specific trait of the disorder, self-harm, with mental health care utilization. Our sample consisted of 145 psychiatric inpatients who completed 3 measures of BPD (Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire-4 [PDQ-4], McLean Screening Inventory for borderline personality disorder [MSI-BPD], Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II Disorders-Personality Questionnaire [SCID-II-PQ]) and the Self-Harm Inventory (SHI). In relationship to mental health care utilization, the correlation for the SHI was significantly larger than those for the PDQ-4, MSI-BPD, or SCID-II-PQ...
March 16, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273781/trait-neuroticism-extraversion-and-conscientiousness-in-multiple-sclerosis-link-to-cognitive-impairment
#2
Shumita Roy, Allison S Drake, María Bárbara Eizaguirre, Robert Zivadinov, Bianca Weinstock-Guttman, Benjamin P Chapman, Ralph Hb Benedict
BACKGROUND: Previous research suggests that patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) have higher neuroticism, lower extraversion, and lower conscientiousness relative to healthy controls (HCs). However, the prevalence of this maladaptive profile in MS and its relation to cognition is unknown. OBJECTIVE: Determine prevalence of maladaptive personality among MS patients, compared to HCs, and examine how it relates to cognitive dysfunction. METHODS: A sample of 275 MS patients and 55 HCs completed neuroperformance measures of information processing speed and memory...
February 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230410/a-self-report-measure-for-the-icd-11-dimensional-trait-model-proposal-the-personality-inventory-for-icd-11
#3
Joshua R Oltmanns, Thomas A Widiger
Proposed for the 11th edition of the World Health Organization's International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) is a dimensional trait model for the classification of personality disorder (Tyrer, Reed, & Crawford, 2015). The ICD-11 proposal consists of 5 broad domains: negative affective, detachment, dissocial, disinhibition, and anankastic (Mulder, Horwood, Tyrer, Carter, & Joyce, 2016). Several field trials have examined this proposal, yet none has included a direct measure of the trait model. The purpose of the current study was to develop and provide initial validation for the Personality Inventory for ICD-11 (PiCD), a self-report measure of this proposed 5-domain maladaptive trait model...
February 23, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193287/a-comparison-of-stress-levels-coping-styles-and-psychological-morbidity-between-graduate-entry-and-traditional-undergraduate-medical-students-during-the-first-2%C3%A2-years-at-a-uk-medical-school
#4
COMPARATIVE STUDY
R Zvauya, F Oyebode, E J Day, C P Thomas, L A Jones
BACKGROUND: Stress levels and psychological morbidity are high among undergraduate medical students (UGs), but there is a lack of research into the psychological health of UK graduate-entry medical students (GEs). GEs are likely to experience different (perhaps more severe) stressors and to cope with stress differently. We compared stress levels, psychological morbidity and coping styles in GE versus UG medical students studying at the same UK medical school in the same academic year...
February 13, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190409/child-perfectionism-and-its-relationship-with-personality-excessive-parental-demands-depressive-symptoms-and-experience-of-positive-emotions
#5
Laura B Oros, Ornella Iuorno, Mónica Serppe
While adaptive perfectionism ensures good overall performance, maladaptive perfectionism is associated with emotional disorders for which psychological treatment is sought. There are many factors that can explain the development of this disorder throughout childhood. The present study analyzed to what extent the child's personality traits and excessive parental demands can predict maladaptive perfectionism, and, in turn, also analyzed how this relates to positive emotions and depressive symptoms in a sample of 404 Argentinian children (M age = 10...
February 13, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135882/substance-and-alcohol-misuse-drug-pathways-and-offending-behaviors-in-association-with-adhd-in-prison-inmates
#6
Susan Young, Rafael A González, Kim Wolff, Kiriakos Xenitidis, Laura Mutch, Isabella Malet-Lambert, Gisli H Gudjonsson
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to quantify the extent of specific polysubstance use, drug transitions to current substances, and describe the association with alcohol use disorders among inmates with ADHD. We also examined health risk behaviors and patterns of offending in relation with ADHD. METHOD: A total of 387 male British prison inmates were screened and interviewed via the Diagnostic Interview for ADHD in Adults 2.0 (DIVA-2). RESULTS: Male prisoners with ADHD endorse more methadone and amphetamine use...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124372/how-likable-are-personality-disorder-and-general-personality-traits-to-those-who-possess-them
#7
Joanna Lamkin, Jessica L Maples-Keller, Joshua D Miller
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the present study was to investigate whether having higher scores on maladaptive personality traits was related to rating these traits as more likable. METHOD: Two studies were conducted, one with personality disorder traits (N = 219; Mage  = 19.4; 63.8% female; 76.6% Caucasian) and one with general personality traits (N = 198; Mage  = 19.5; 69.7% female; 77.3% Caucasian). In each study, participants self-rated their own personality and separately provided ratings of how "likable" they considered those personality traits...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072042/construct-validity-of-the-dsm-5-section-iii-maladaptive-trait-domains-in-older-adults
#8
Inge Debast, Gina Rossi, S P J van Alphen
The DSM-5 Section III model of personality disorders remains largely unexplored in older adults. More specifically, there is a need for further research on the generalizability of the five trait domains in old age. The development of a short operationalization to screen for maladaptive trait domains, the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 Brief Form (PID-5-BF), can stimulate the use of the alternative DSM-5 model in older adults by addressing the need for short instruments. The primary goal of this study was to examine the construct validity of the PID-5-BF by comparing its structural model and nomological network with the original PID-5 in terms of relations with domains of personality functioning and a gero-specific personality disorder indicator...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045302/using-personality-neuroscience-to-study-personality-disorder
#9
Samantha V Abram, Colin G DeYoung
Personality neuroscience integrates techniques from personality psychology and neuroscience to elucidate the neural basis of individual differences in cognition, emotion, motivation, and behavior. This endeavor is pertinent not only to our understanding of healthy personality variation, but also to the aberrant trait manifestations present in personality disorders and severe psychopathology. In the current review, we focus on the advances and limitations of neuroimaging methods with respect to personality neuroscience...
January 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993247/-personality-traits-screening-in-a-colombian-adult-population-sample-colombian-national-survey-of-mental-health-2015
#10
Gabriel Fernando Oviedo, Carlos Gómez-Restrepo, Martín Rondón, Juan Pablo Borda Bohigas, Nathalie Tamayo Martínez
INTRODUCTION: Personality refers to the individual style in characteristic patterns of thinking, feeling and behaving. Traits may configure a personality disorder when there is a long-lasting rigid pattern of inner experience that deviates from the expectations of the individual's culture, are inflexible and form maladaptative schemes in different interpersonal scenarios. Given the pervasiveness of this structure, they cause impairment of functioning in the affected person. OBJECTIVE: To establish the prevalence of personality traits in all selected adults, using the module-structured interview WHO WHM-CIDI-CAPI for clusters A, B and C of personality traits...
December 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988425/internet-addiction-disorder-personality-characteristics-and-risk-of-pathological-overuse-in-adolescents
#11
Donato Munno, Flora Cappellin, Marta Saroldi, Elisa Bechon, Fanny Guglielmucci, Roberto Passera, Giuseppina Zullo
AIM: Few studies have investigated Internet Addiction (IA) in adolescents in relation to personality characteristics. The aim of this study was to determine whether personality differences exist between adolescents with problematic/pathological Internet use and those with normal Internet use. Our hypothesis was that certain psychopathological personality traits may predispose to the development of maladaptive Internet use. METHODS: The Internet Addiction Test (IAT) and the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-Adolescent (MMPI-A) were administered to a sample of 224 high school students...
November 10, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984242/impact-of-abuse-on-adjustment-and-chronic-pain-disability-a-structural-equation-model
#12
Swati Mehta, Danielle Rice, Alan Chan, Allan P Shapiro, Keith Sequeira, Robert W Teasell
INTRODUCTION/AIM: Sexual abuse, "state" and "trait" psychosocial factors, pain intensity, and pain related disability have been shown to be correlated among individuals with chronic pain. However, the interacting relationships between these factors is poorly understood. The current study aims to test model which examines the effect of abuse, "state" and "trait" psychosocial factors, and pain intensity on pain related disability among individuals with chronic pain. METHODS: 229 participants diagnosed with chronic pain were recruited from a specialist chronic pain hospital in London, Ontario...
December 15, 2016: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942894/personality-traits-inventory-in-patients-with-vocal-nodules
#13
Alexia Mattei, Joana Revis, Antoine Giovanni
The objective of the study was to analyze temperament and character in females with vocal nodules (VN) compared to a vocally healthy control population. 61 females were examined over a 17-month period for dysphonia with VN (mean age 46 years, duration of vocal complaints from 2 months to 6 years). 71 control females were recruited in their environment (mean age 34 years). The validated French Version of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) was used. Patients with VN had significantly (p < 0,05) greater scores for Persistence and Novelty Seeking, particularly for the subscales exploratory excitability and extravagance...
December 9, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893225/correction-to-fossati-et-al-2016
#14
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Profiling Pathological Narcissism According to DSM-5 Domains and Traits: A Study on Consecutively Admitted Italian Psychotherapy Patients" by Andrea Fossati, Antonella Somma, Serena Borroni, Aaron L. Pincus, Kristian E. Markon and Robert F. Krueger (Psychological Assessment, Advanced Online Publication, Jun 23, 2016, np). In the original article, several values were reversed and the mean was misreported in Table 2. The corrected Table 2 is provided in the erratum. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2016-31181-001...
November 28, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884933/using-the-personality-assessment-inventory-antisocial-and-borderline-features-scales-to-predict-behavior-change
#15
Brittany N Penson, Jared R Ruchensky, Leslie C Morey, John F Edens
A substantial amount of research has examined the developmental trajectory of antisocial behavior and, in particular, the relationship between antisocial behavior and maladaptive personality traits. However, research typically has not controlled for previous behavior (e.g., past violence) when examining the utility of personality measures, such as self-report scales of antisocial and borderline traits, in predicting future behavior (e.g., subsequent violence). Examination of the potential interactive effects of measures of both antisocial and borderline traits also is relatively rare in longitudinal research predicting adverse outcomes...
November 1, 2016: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855433/type-a-personality-stress-anxiety-and-health-locus-of-control-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction
#16
Davor Miličić, Lovorka Brajković, Jana Ljubas Maček, Adriana Andrić, Žarko Ardalić, Tina Buratović, Darko Marčinko
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to define the level of patient exposure to stress in the previous 5 years before acute myocardial infarction (AMI), personality type A assessment, ways of coping with stressful situations, health locus of control and the grade of anxiety (as state and personality trait). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 118 patients who were consecutively hospitalized during 8 months in our Coronary care unit due to AMI, took part in the study. As controls we examined 103 healthy male volunteers (mean age 60...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833225/does-birth-order-and-academic-proficiency-influence-perfectionistic-self-presentation-among-undergraduate-engineering-students-a-descriptive-analysis
#17
Preeti Tabitha Louis, Navin Kumar
BACKGROUND: Perfectionism is a multifaceted concept. It had both advantages and disadvantages. Perfectionistic traits have been associated with leadership and very intellectual people. The present study is an attempt to understand if engineering students possess perfectionistic orientation and whether it influences self-efficacy, social connectedness, and achievement motivation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study adopts a random sampling design to evaluate the presence of perfectionism as a personality trait among undergraduate engineering students (N = 320)...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831728/target-informant-and-meta-perceptual-ratings-of-maladaptive-traits
#18
Matthew M Yalch, Christopher J Hopwood
Target-informant agreement about target personality traits can depend on the nature of the traits being considered, whether or not targets or informants are asked to take into account the other's point of view, and the relationship between the informant and the target. This study sought to further explore these patterns by extending existing research in 3 ways in a sample of 335 targets and 548 informants. First, unlike previous research that has focused nearly exclusively on normal range traits with potentially limited clinical relevance or personality disorder categories with questionable validity, we assessed personality using a comprehensive model of maladaptive traits...
November 10, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827808/utility-of-the-personality-inventory-for-dsm-5-brief-form-pid-5-bf-in-the-measurement-of-maladaptive-personality-and-psychopathology
#19
Jaime L Anderson, Martin Sellbom, Randall T Salekin
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fifth edition (DSM-5) Personality and Personality Disorders workgroup developed the Personality Inventory for the DSM-5 (PID-5) for the assessment of the alternative trait model for DSM-5 Along with this measure, the American Psychiatric Association published an abbreviated version, the PID-5-Brief form (PID-5-BF). Although this measure is available on the DSM-5 website for use, only two studies have evaluated its psychometric properties and validity and no studies have examined the U...
November 7, 2016: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824937/gazing-into-thin-air-the-dual-task-costs-of-movement-planning-and-execution-during-adaptive-gait
#20
Toby J Ellmers, Adam J Cocks, Michail Doumas, A Mark Williams, William R Young
We examined the effect of increased cognitive load on visual search behavior and measures of gait performance during locomotion. Also, we investigated how personality traits, specifically the propensity to consciously control or monitor movements (trait movement 'reinvestment'), impacted the ability to maintain effective gaze under conditions of cognitive load. Healthy young adults traversed a novel adaptive walking path while performing a secondary serial subtraction task. Performance was assessed using correct responses to the cognitive task, gaze behavior, stepping accuracy, and time to complete the walking task...
2016: PloS One
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