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Anterior segment optical coherence tomography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468406/comparison-of-anterior-segment-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-and-fluorescein-angiography-for-iris-vasculature-analysis
#1
Claudio Zett, Deborah M Rosa Stina, Renata Tiemi Kato, Eduardo Amorim Novais, Norma Allemann
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to perform imaging of irises of different colors using spectral domain anterior segment optical coherence tomography angiography (AS-OCTA) and iris fluorescein angiography (IFA) and compare their effectiveness in examining iris vasculature. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional observational clinical study. Patients with no vascular iris alterations and different pigmentation levels were recruited. Participants were imaged using OCTA adapted with an anterior segment lens and IFA with a confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscope (cSLO) adapted with an anterior segment lens...
February 21, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468207/bull-s-eye-maculopathy-and-subfoveal-deposition-in-two-mucopolysaccharidosis-type-i-patients-on-long-term-enzyme-replacement-therapy
#2
Heather G Mack, R C Andrew Symons, Gerard de Jong
Purpose: To report retinal findings in two patients with mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS I) receiving human recombinant alpha-l-iduronidase (Laronidase) as enzyme replacement therapy. Observations: Patient 1 had visual acuity 20/20 right eye, 20/25 left eye and unremarkable anterior segment and retinal examination. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) scanning demonstrated parafoveal thinning and subfoveal hyperreflectant material. Patient 2 had visual acuity 20/20 both eyes, with dense nuclear cataract both eyes...
March 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461005/clinical-findings-and-normative-ocular-data-for-free-living-anna-s-calypte-anna-and-black-chinned-archilochus-alexandri-hummingbirds
#3
Bret A Moore, David J Maggs, Soohyun Kim, Monica J Motta, Ruta Bandivadekar, Lisa A Tell, Christopher J Murphy
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of ocular disease and obtain normative ocular data for free-living hummingbirds. ANIMALS STUDIED: Two hundred and sixty-three free-living, adult Hummingbirds from coastal and inland central California were studied, including Anna's (Calypte anna, n = 186) and Black-chinned (Archilochus alexandri; n = 77) hummingbirds. PROCEDURES: Slit lamp biomicroscopy and indirect ophthalmoscopy were performed on all individuals...
February 20, 2018: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444155/conjunctival-melanocytic-naevus-diagnostic-value-of-anterior-segment-optical-coherence-tomography-and-ultrasound-biomicroscopy
#4
Eszter Vizvári, Ákos Skribek, Nóra Polgár, András Vörös, Pál Sziklai, Edit Tóth-Molnár
PURPOSE: Conjunctival naevi are the most frequently diagnosed primary melanocytic lesions of the conjunctiva. The clinical manifestations are greatly variable which may result in diagnostic difficulties and differential diagnostic confusions. Therefore aims of the present study were: 1) to assess the morphologic features of conjunctival naevi; 2) to delineate the anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) characteristics of these lesions; 3) to compare AS-OCT and ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) as diagnostic tools in these alterations and 4) to correlate histological results with the AS-OCT pictures in case of surgically excised naevi...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443804/progression-of-retinal-ischemia-in-a-case-of-macular-telangiectasia-type-1-after-ranibizumab-injection-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-findings
#5
Massimo Lorusso, Roberta Zito, Eleni Nikolopoulou, Luisa Micelli Ferrari, Maria Vittoria Cicinelli, Giuseppe Querques, Tommaso Micelli Ferrari
PURPOSE: To describe a case of a 68-year-old man with macular telangiectasia (MacTel) Type 1 in the right eye, showing an increase in capillary ischemia after intravitreal ranibizumab. METHODS: The patient underwent complete ophthalmologic evaluation, including best-corrected visual acuity, intraocular pressure, anterior segment and fundus examination, optical coherence tomography (OCT), and OCT angiography at baseline and on each visit. Fluorescein angiography was performed at baseline...
February 13, 2018: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443802/full-thickness-macular-hole-with-macular-intrachoroidal-cavitation-in-a-patient-with-pathologic-myopia
#6
Nurgül Örnek, Kemal Örnek
PURPOSE: To describe a full-thickness macular hole (MH) opening to macular intrachoroidal cavitation in a patient with pathologic myopia. METHODS: Full ophthalmologic examination, fundus camera (Topcon TRC; Topcon Co, Tokyo, Japan), optical coherence tomography (RetinaScan Advanced RS-3000; NIDEK, Gamagori, Japan) imaging, and cataract surgery. RESULTS: A 61-year-old woman admitted with decreased vision in the left eye. Visual acuity was counting fingers from 30 cm...
February 13, 2018: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443358/microscope-integrated-intraoperative-ultrahigh-speed-swept-source-optical-coherence-tomography-for-widefield-retinal-and-anterior-segment-imaging
#7
Chen D Lu, Nadia K Waheed, Andre Witkin, Caroline R Baumal, Jonathan J Liu, Benjamin Potsaid, Anthony Joseph, Vijaysekhar Jayaraman, Alex Cable, Kinpui Chan, Jay S Duker, James G Fujimoto
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the feasibility of retinal and anterior segment intraoperative widefield imaging using an ultrahigh-speed, swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) surgical microscope attachment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prototype post-objective SS-OCT using a 1,050-nm wavelength, 400 kHz A-scan rate, vertical cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) light source was integrated to a commercial ophthalmic surgical microscope after the objective...
February 1, 2018: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435589/three-dimensional-cataract-crystalline-lens-imaging-with-swept-source-optical-coherence-tomography
#8
Alberto de Castro, Antonio Benito, Silvestre Manzanera, Juan Mompeán, Belén Cañizares, David Martínez, Jose María Marín, Ireneusz Grulkowski, Pablo Artal
Purpose: To image, describe, and characterize different features visible in the crystalline lens of older adults with and without cataract when imaged three-dimensionally with a swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) system. Methods: We used a new SS-OCT laboratory prototype designed to enhance the visualization of the crystalline lens and imaged the entire anterior segment of both eyes in two groups of participants: patients scheduled to undergo cataract surgery, n = 17, age range 36 to 91 years old, and volunteers without visual complains, n = 14, age range 20 to 81 years old...
February 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429294/-pre-descement-membrane-endothelial-keratoplasty-for-treatment-of-patients-with-corneal-endothelial-decompensation
#9
T Huang, L Jiang, J Zhan, C Ouyang
Objective: To investigate the clinical outcomes of Pre-descement membrane endothelial keratoplasty (PDEK) for treatment of patients with corneal endothelial decompensation. Methods: Retrospective study of case series. The cases of 20 patients (20 eyes) who were diagnosed with corneal endothelial decompensation induced by various original diseases and received PDEK during July 2016 and December 2016 at Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center have been analyzed. The participants included 8 males and 12 females with an average age of (59...
February 11, 2018: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429293/-deep-anterior-lamellar-keratoplasty-combined-with-antiviral-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-severe-herpes-necrotizing-stromal-keratitis
#10
S X Li, J T Wang, Y Jiang, X Wang, W Y Shi
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of modified deep lamellar keratoplasty (DLKP) combined with antiviral medications for severe herpes necrotizing stromal keratitis. Methods: Retrospective case series study. Modified DLKP was performed in combination with antiviral medications in fifty patients (50 eyes) with severe necrotizing stromal keratitis, which was unresponsive to systemic and topical antiviral treatment for 1 week, at Shandong Eye Hospital. Before surgery, the operated eyes were examined using slit-lamp microscopy...
February 11, 2018: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425390/corneal-apical-scar-after-hyperopic-excimer-laser-refractive-surgery-long-term-follow-up-of-treatment-with-sequential-customized-therapeutic-keratectomy
#11
Paolo Vinciguerra, Fabrizio I Camesasca, Emanuela Morenghi, Claudio Azzolini, Luca Pagano, Silvia Trazza, Riccardo Vinciguerra
PURPOSE: To evaluate long-term results of sequential customized therapeutic keratectomy (SCTK) in highly aberrated corneas with apical scars consequent to hyperopic excimer laser refractive surgery. METHODS: Fifteen eyes of 12 patients treated with SCTK for a corneal apical scar after hyperopic excimer laser refractive surgery were retrospectively evaluated. SCTK is a sequence of custom therapeutic excimer laser keratectomies where the results are monitored step-by-step by intraoperative corneal topography...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423008/generation-of-an-acute-retinal-photoreceptor-degeneration-model-in-rabbits
#12
Kang Li, Shengxu Liu, Xiufeng Zhong, Jian Ge
PURPOSE: To assess the appropriate dose of sodium nitroprusside for establishing acute retinal photoreceptor degeneration models in rabbits. METHODS: Sodium nitroprusside (SNP) was delivered intravitreously. Sixteen New Zealand White rabbits are divided into four groups randomly: 0.1 mM, 0.25 mM, 0.5 mM SNP intravitreal injection group (experimental groups), and normal saline intravitreal injection group (control group). Assessments included weight, anterior segment photography, fundus photography, Hematoxylin-eosin staining, immunofluorescence, multi-focal electroretinogram (mfERG) and pupillary direct light reflex were performed at baseline and day 28 after injection...
2018: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408829/femtosecond-laser-assisted-small-incision-endokeratophakia-using-a-xenogeneic-lenticule-in-rhesus-monkeys
#13
Miao He, He Jin, Hong He, Hui Ding, Wei Wang, Liangping Liu, Chi Zhang, Xingwu Zhong
PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility and safety of xenogeneic endokeratophakia in rhesus monkeys and to explore the effects of a concave lenticule on refractive power. METHODS: Three adult New Zealand white rabbits and 6 healthy rhesus monkeys were used. The xenogenic concave grafts were created from the rabbits using a modified small incision lenticule extraction technique; after being cryopreserved in glycerol for 1 week, the grafts were implanted into the monkey recipient corneas...
March 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384805/descemet-stripping-automated-endothelial-keratoplasty-for-failed-penetrating-keratoplasty-influence-of-the-graft-host-junction-on-the-graft-survival-rate
#14
Takashi Omoto, Toshihiro Sakisaka, Tetsuya Toyono, Junko Yoshida, Rika Shirakawa, Takashi Miyai, Satoru Yamagami, Tomohiko Usui
PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical results of Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) for failed penetrating keratoplasty (PK) and the influence of the graft-host junction (GHJ) on the graft survival rate. METHODS: Data were retrospectively collected on patient demographics, visual outcomes, complications, and graft survival rate for 17 eyes of 16 patients who underwent DSAEK for failed PK. The graft survival rate was compared between the eyes when divided into a bump group and a well-aligned group according to the shape of the GHJ detected on anterior segment optical coherence tomography...
January 30, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380791/high-resolution-optical-coherence-tomography-in-a-case-of-descemetocele-managed-with-amniotic-membrane-transplantation
#15
Nilufer Sultana, Sunita Chaurasia, Muralidhar Ramappa
Amniotic membrane transplantation is a useful in the management of corneal melts and descemetocele. We describe high-resolution anterior segment optical coherence tomography (OCT) (Optovue) in a patient with descemetocele who was managed surgically with amniotic membrane transplantation. A 60-year-old female presented with a corneal melt in the right eye. She was a case of rheumatoid arthritis and was on systemic treatment with immunomodulators. Slit lamp examination revealed a severe thinning paracentrally...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370036/optical-coherence-tomography-and-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-evaluation-of-combined-hamartoma-of-the-retina-and-retinal-pigment-epithelium
#16
Alessandro Arrigo, Eleonora Corbelli, Emanuela Aragona, Maria Pia Manitto, Elisabetta Martina, Francesco Bandello, Maurizio Battaglia Parodi
PURPOSE: To study multimodal imaging features of combined hamartoma of the retina and retinal pigment epithelium (CHRRPE). METHODS: Six patients (3 males, mean age 11 years) and a healthy age-matched control group made up of 15 healthy subjects (8 males, mean age 12.6 years) were included in the analysis. Complete ophthalmologic examination was performed, including best-corrected visual acuity, anterior and posterior segment slit-lamp evaluation, and tonometry. The multimodal imaging protocol included fundus images, structural optical coherence tomography (OCT), and swept-source OCT angiography (OCTA)...
January 23, 2018: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352976/anterior-segment-imaging-for-angle-closure
#17
Sunee Chansangpetch, Prin Rojanapongpun, Shan C Lin
PURPOSE: To summarize the role of anterior segment imaging (AS-imaging) in angle closure diagnosis and management, and the possible advantages over the current standard of gonioscopy. DESIGN: Literature review and perspective. METHODS: Review of the pertinent publications with interpretation and perspective in relation to the use of AS-imaging in angle closure assessment focusing on anterior segment optical coherence tomography and ultrasound biomicroscopy...
January 15, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339064/factors-associated-with-early-graft-detachment-in-primary-descemet-membrane-endothelial-keratoplasty
#18
Pia Leon, Mohit Parekh, Yoav Nahum, Michael Mimouni, Giuseppe Giannaccare, Laura Sapigni, Alessandro Ruzza, Massimo Busin
PURPOSE: To evaluate the risk factors for early graft detachment in Descemet Membrane Endothelial Keratoplasty (DMEK). DESIGN: Case-control Study. METHODS: ▪ PARTICIPANTS: 173 donor corneas and 173 eyes of the patients following DMEK or DMEK in combination with phacoemulsification and IOL implantation were included. INTERVENTION: Pre-stripped DMEK grafts were transplanted using pull-through technique. At the end of surgery, the anterior chamber was filled with air, which was removed 3 hours later only if pupillary block was suspected...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329136/glaucoma-implant-tube-lumen-obstruction-visualized-using-anterior-segment-optical-coherence-tomography
#19
Shunsuke Nakakura, Asuka Noguchi, Santaro Noguchi, Yuka Hirose, Koji Niimi, Hitoshi Tabuchi, Yoshiaki Kiuchi
We report a case of glaucoma implant tube lumen obstruction visualized with anterior segment optical coherence tomography (ASOCT) and present its surgical management. The patient was a 66-year-old man with refractory glaucoma associated with traumatic aphakia in the right eye after trabeculectomy, several bleb needling procedures, and scleral fixation of the intraocular lens with pars plana vitrectomy. Finally, we performed Baerveldt implantation at the pars plana of the temporal inferior quadrant with a several Sherwood slit...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324896/correlation-of-the-anterior-ocular-segment-biometry-with-hba1c-level-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#20
Abd-Rashid Suraida, Mohtar Ibrahim, Embong Zunaina
OBJECTIVES: To compare the anterior ocular segment biometry among Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) with no diabetic retinopathy (DR) and non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR), and to evaluate the correlation of anterior ocular segment biometry with HbA1c level. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kelantan from November 2013 till May 2016 among Type 2 DM patients (DM with no DR and DM with NPDR). The patients were evaluated for anterior ocular segment biometry [central corneal thickness (CCT), anterior chamber width (ACW), angle opening distance (AOD) and anterior chamber angle (ACA)] by using Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography (AS-OCT)...
2018: PloS One
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