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Health Beliefs

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778918/cognitive-mechanisms-of-sleep-outcomes-in-a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia
#1
Philip I Chow, Karen S Ingersoll, Frances P Thorndike, Holly R Lord, Linda Gonder-Frederick, Charles M Morin, Lee M Ritterband
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate in a randomized clinical trial the role of sleep-related cognitive variables in the long-term efficacy of an online, fully automated cognitive behavioral therapy intervention for insomnia (CBT-I) (Sleep Healthy Using the Internet [SHUTi]). METHOD: Three hundred and three participants (Mage  = 43.3 years; SD = 11.6) were randomly assigned to SHUTi or an online patient education condition and assessed at baseline, postintervention (nine weeks after baseline), and six and 12 months after the intervention period...
December 20, 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778829/a-qualitative-investigation-of-the-attitudes-and-beliefs-about-physical-activity-and-post-traumatic-osteoarthritis-in-young-adults-3-10-years-after-an-intra-articular-knee-injury
#2
Allison M Ezzat, Mariana Brussoni, Jackie L Whittaker, Carolyn A Emery
OBJECTIVE: To understand the influence of the injury experience on current attitudes and beliefs about physical activity (PA) and the development of post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) in youth and young adults 3-10 years after a sport-related knee injury. DESIGN: Qualitative study. SETTING: University Sports Medical/Research Center. PARTICIPANTS: 20 young adults 3-10 years subsequent to intra-articular knee injury...
May 4, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778514/conditional-admission-religious-exemption-type-and-nonmedical-vaccine-exemptions-in-california-before-and-after-a-state-policy-change
#3
Alison M Buttenheim, Malia Jones, Caitlin Mckown, Daniel Salmon, Saad B Omer
Recent measles and pertussis outbreaks in the US have focused national attention on state laws governing exemptions from mandatory vaccines for school entry. After several years of increases in nonmedical exemptions in California, the state assembly passed Assembly Bill 2109 in 2012, making nonmedical exemptions more difficult to obtain by requiring parents to obtain a signature from a health care provider. We used data from the California Department of Public Health to describe changes in the overall prevalence of personal belief exemptions and compositional changes in immunization status for the school years 2012-2013 through 2015-2016...
May 16, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778134/central-serous-chorioretinopathy-in-african-americans-at-wilmer-eye-institute
#4
Pooja H Mehta, Jay Chhablani, Jiangxia Wang, Catherine B Meyerle
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency of central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) in African Americans/blacks within an academic center in a predominantly African American city, as the current belief is that CSC is rare in this population. METHODS: A retrospective review of all patients' charts diagnosed with CSC at Wilmer Eye Institute/Johns Hopkins University from August 2009-August 2015 was conducted via an electronic health record search (EPIC). The charts were categorized by self-reported race and gender...
June 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777966/determinants-of-choice-of-delivery-place-testing-rational-choice-theory-and-habitus-theory
#5
Anja Broda, Juliane Krüger, Stephanie Schinke, Andreas Weber
OBJECTIVE: The current study uses two antipodal social science theories, the rational choice theory and the habitus theory, and applies these to describe how women choose between intraclinical (i.e., hospital-run birth clinics) and extraclinical (i.e., midwife-led birth centres or home births) delivery places. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, MEASUREMENTS: Data were collected in a cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey among 189 women. A list of 22 determinants, conceptualized to capture the two theoretical concepts, were rated on a 7-point Likert scale with 1 = unimportant to 7 = very important...
May 7, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777646/traditional-practices-of-mothers-in-the-postpartum-period-evidence-from-turkey
#6
Kamile Altuntuğ, Yeşim Anık, Emel Ege
In various cultures, the postpartum period is a sensitive time and various traditional practices are applied to protect the health of the mother and the baby. The aim of this study was to determine traditional practices of mother care in the postpartum period in Konya City of Turkey. The research was a descriptive, cross-sectional study carried out among 291 women at the first 8 weeks of postpartum period who visited to family health centers from June 1 to December 1, 2015. The data were collected using questionnaires...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777639/religious-perceptions-and-attitudes-of-men-towards-discontinuation-of-female-genital-cutting-in-nigeria-evidence-from-the-2013-nigeria-demographic-and-health-survey
#7
Ayotunde Titilayo, Martin E Palamuleni, John O Olaoye-Oyesola, Olumide M Owoeye
Men's roles in any patriarchal society and the influence of their religious belief cannot be overemphasized especially in a culturally encrypted matter like female genital cutting (FGC).The study sample consisted of 8,111 men who had previous awareness of FGC from a cross-sectional nationally representative survey in Nigeria. The data took into cognizance the religious belief of the respondents as well as their attitude towards FGC among others. Analytical bivariate and multivariate ordered logistic estimates for FGC discontinuation were considered for the study...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777554/development-and-feasibility-testing-of-an-avatar-based-education-application-for-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome
#8
Jintana Tongpeth, Hui Yun Du, Robyn A Clark
AIMS: To develop and evaluate an interactive, avatar-based education application, for improving patients' knowledge of, and response to, ACS symptoms. BACKGROUND: A patient's ability to recognise and respond to the symptoms of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is imperative for seeking timely medical intervention. Innovative patient education interventions are needed to support patient education and patient self-care. METHODS: Participatory action research methods were used to engage consumers with cardiac and IT experts to develop an avatar-based education application...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776663/barriers-and-facilitators-to-diabetes-self-management-in-a-primary-care-setting-patient-perspectives
#9
Rahul Khairnar, Khalid M Kamal, Vincent Giannetti, Nilanjana Dwibedi, Jamie McConaha
BACKGROUND: Diabetes self-management (DSM) is a key element in the overall management of type-2 diabetes (T2DM). Identifying barriers and facilitators to DSM and addressing them is a critical step in achieving improved health outcomes in this population. OBJECTIVE: To assess patient reported barriers and facilitators to self-management of T2DM in a primary care setting. METHODS: This cross sectional study combined patient survey data with electronic medical record (EMR) data...
May 9, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776004/knowledge-and-health-beliefs-about-gestational-diabetes-and-healthy-pregnancy-s-breastfeeding-intention
#10
Seungmi Park, Jung Lim Lee, Jang In Sun, Youngji Kim
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: If the knowledge and health beliefs relating to gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) during pregnancy are associated with behaviours during pregnancy and lactation, this suggests potential educational interventions. BACKGROUNDS: Women with GDM are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and babies with GDM incur increased risk of neonatal hypoglycaemia and childhood obesity. Breastfeeding is an effective way to improve maternal and lipid metabolism of gestational diabetes mothers, and to lower the risk of T2DM after birth, to prevent conception...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774300/epidemiology-of-intestinal-parasite-infections-in-three-departments-of-south-central-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire-before-the-implementation-of-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#11
Gaoussou Coulibaly, Mamadou Ouattara, Kouassi Dongo, Eveline Hürlimann, Fidèle K Bassa, Naférima Koné, Clémence Essé, Richard B Yapi, Bassirou Bonfoh, Jürg Utzinger, Giovanna Raso, Eliézer K N'Goran
Hundreds of millions of people are infected with helminths and intestinal protozoa, particularly children in low- and middle-income countries. Preventive chemotherapy is the main strategy to control helminthiases. However, rapid re-infection occurs in settings where there is a lack of clean water, sanitation and hygiene. In August and September 2014, we conducted a cross-sectional epidemiological survey in 56 communities of three departments of south-central Côte d'Ivoire. Study participants were invited to provide stool and urine samples...
May 2018: Parasite Epidemiology and Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774227/identifying-what-matters-to-hysterectomy-patients-postsurgery-perceptions-beliefs-and-experiences
#12
Andrew S Bossick, Roopina Sangha, Heather Olden, Gwen L Alexander, Ganesa Wegienka
Purpose: Hysterectomy is the most common non-obstetrical surgery for women in the United States. Few investigations comparing hysterectomy surgical approaches include patient-centered outcomes. Methods: The study was performed at Henry Ford Health System in Detroit, Michigan between February 2015 and May 2015. The data were collected through structured focus groups with 24 post-hysterectomy women in order to identify PCOs to employ in a subsequent cohort study of hysterectomy surgical approaches...
2018: Journal of Patient-centered Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773539/effectiveness-of-text-message-based-diabetes-self-management-support-programme-sms4bg-two-arm-parallel-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Rosie Dobson, Robyn Whittaker, Yannan Jiang, Ralph Maddison, Matthew Shepherd, Catherine McNamara, Richard Cutfield, Manish Khanolkar, Rinki Murphy
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of a theoretically based and individually tailored, text message based, diabetes self management support intervention (SMS4BG) in adults with poorly controlled diabetes. DESIGN: Nine month, two arm, parallel randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Primary and secondary healthcare services in New Zealand. PARTICIPANTS: 366 participants aged 16 years and over with poorly controlled type 1 or type 2 diabetes (HbA1c ≥65 mmol/mol or 8%) randomised between June 2015 and November 2016 (n=183 intervention, n=183 control)...
May 17, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773322/polarization-of-the-vaccination-debate-on-facebook
#14
Ana Lucía Schmidt, Fabiana Zollo, Antonio Scala, Cornelia Betsch, Walter Quattrociocchi
BACKGROUND: Vaccine hesitancy has been recognized as a major global health threat. Having access to any type of information in social media has been suggested as a potential influence on the growth of anti-vaccination groups. Recent studies w.r.t. other topics than vaccination show that access to a wide amount of content through the Internet without intermediaries resolved into major segregation of the users in polarized groups. Users select information adhering to theirs system of beliefs and tend to ignore dissenting information...
May 14, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772943/school-nurses-management-and-collaborative-practices-for-student-athletes-following-sport-related-concussion
#15
Michelle L Weber, Cailee E Welch Bacon, Tamara Valovich McLeod
The purpose of this study was to examine school nurses' management and collaboration with health-care providers (HCPs) for student-athletes following a concussion. Secondary school nurses accessed an online survey titled the Beliefs, Attitudes, and Knowledge of Pediatric Athletes with Concussions (access rate = 15.6%; n = 1,246/8,000). Approximately 40% of schools where nurses were employed administered baseline and postinjury concussion assessments. No significant differences were found between employment model (single vs...
January 1, 2018: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772607/mechanisms-and-drivers-of-social-inequality-in-phase-ii-cardiac-rehabilitation-attendance-a-convergent-mixed-methods-study
#16
Maria Pedersen, Dorthe Overgaard, Ingelise Andersen, Marie Baastrup, Ingrid Egerod
AIM: To explore the extent to which the qualitative and quantitative data converge and explain mechanisms and drivers of social inequality in cardiac rehabilitation attendance. BACKGROUND: Social inequality in cardiac rehabilitation attendance has been a recognized problem for many years. However, to date the mechanisms driving these inequalities are still not fully understood. DESIGN: The study was designed as a convergent mixed methods study...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772397/grandmother-and-health-care-professional-breastfeeding-perspectives-provide-opportunities-for-health-promotion-in-an-american-indian-community
#17
Bailey Houghtaling, Carmen Byker Shanks, Selena Ahmed, Elizabeth Rink
RATIONALE: While breastfeeding is well recognized as beneficial, rates of breastfeeding among American Indian women are below average and contribute to health inequities. Culturally specific approaches to breastfeeding research are called for to inform appropriate interventions in American Indian communities. Specifically, a grandmother's role in breastfeeding promotion is of great import particularly in American Indian (AI) groups, although is an understudied topic to date. OBJECTIVE: This research seeks to fill a prominent literature gap by utilizing a grounded theory and community-based research approach to inform breastfeeding practices from the voices of grandmothers and health care professionals in a rural AI community in the United States...
May 8, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771757/teaching-mental-health-first-aid-in-the-school-setting-a-novel-approach-to-improving-outcomes-for-common-adolescent-mental-disorders
#18
Laura M Hart, Georgina R Cox, Lucy Lees
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Common adolescent mental disorders, such as depression, often go untreated and severely impact health and educational outcomes. The purpose of this review is to describe what is currently known about school-based mental health interventions and to describe a new intervention, Mental Health First Aid training. RECENT FINDINGS: Universal and selective prevention and treatment programmes have been widely evaluated, though population-level dissemination remains elusive...
May 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770451/pregnancy-parity-and-periodontal-disease
#19
REVIEW
Emma L Morelli, Jonathan M Broadbent, Jonathan W Leichter, W Murray Thomson
The belief that a woman's dental health is likely to deteriorate through having children remains common and may originate from the old wives' tale "a tooth per child". As recently as 2005, about 1 in 5 US mothers believed this.1 Epidemiological studies have suggested an association between parity (the number of times a women has given birth) and tooth loss,2-5 and parity and periodontal attachment loss,6 but none has determined whether this association is causal. A number of studies have reported greater severity and extent of gingival inflammation during pregnancy...
May 16, 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768104/knowledge-beliefs-attitudes-and-behaviors-regarding-sickle-cell-disease-implications-for-prevention
#20
Marcella Smith, Gracie Brownell
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a widespread inherited blood disorder, which leaves lasting effects on the health, social functioning, and finances of individuals, families, communities, and health care systems. A nonexperimental, cross-sectional research design was used to assess 415 college students' knowledge about SCD. Data was obtained through an online survey derived from a modified version of the SCD Knowledge Assessment Tool. The majority of participants (79%) reported previous SCD knowledge; however, 21% of the participants reported no previous SCD knowledge...
May 16, 2018: Social Work in Public Health
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