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Health Beliefs

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652821/hiv-risk-and-barriers-to-care-for-african-born-immigrant-women-a-sociocultural-outlook
#1
Olihe N Okoro, Shanasha O Whitson
BACKGROUND: Data from the Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report 2015 show that African-born (AB) women continue to be disproportionately affected by HIV. In 2015, these women accounted for more than half (54%) of all new cases of HIV reported among females in Minnesota and 34% of all known female cases in the state. This study was a needs assessment for HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in vulnerable subgroups within the AB population and adequacy of HIV care for AB persons...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651601/health-and-behavioral-factors-associated-with-binge-drinking-among-university-students-in-nine-asean-countries
#2
Siyan Yi, Chanrith Ngin, Karl Peltzer, Supa Pengpid
BACKGROUND: Heavy drinking among university students has been globally recognized as a major public health burden. In the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) region, studies on this issue have been scant, country-specific and in different time frames. The aim of this study was to identify social and behavioral factors associated with binge drinking among university students in nine ASEAN countries. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015 among 8809 undergraduate university students from 13 universities in Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam using self-administered questionnaire...
June 26, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651586/development-of-a-computer-tailored-physical-activity-intervention-for-prostate-and-colorectal-cancer-patients-and-survivors-oncoactive
#3
R H J Golsteijn, C Bolman, E Volders, D A Peels, H de Vries, L Lechner
BACKGROUND: Cancer and cancer treatment coincide with substantial negative physical, psychological and psychosocial problems. Physical activity (PA) can positively affect the negative effects of cancer and cancer treatment and thereby increase quality of life in CPS. Nevertheless, only a minority of CPS meet PA guidelines. We developed the OncoActive (OncoActief in Dutch) intervention: a computer-tailored PA program to stimulate PA in prostate and colorectal CPS, because to our knowledge there are only a few PA interventions for these specific cancer types in the Netherlands METHODS: The OncoActive intervention was developed through systematic adaptation of a proven effective, evidence-based, computer-tailored PA intervention for adults over fifty, called Active Plus...
June 26, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651551/consumer-attitudes-and-misperceptions-associated-with-trends-in-self-reported-cereal-foods-consumption-cross-sectional-study-of-western-australian-adults-1995-to-2012
#4
Christina Mary Pollard, Claire Elizabeth Pulker, Xingqiong Meng, Jane Anne Scott, Felicity Claire Denham, Vicky Anne Solah, Deborah Anne Kerr
BACKGROUND: The reasons for low adherence to cereal dietary guidelines are not well understood but may be related to knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and perceived barriers. This study aims to assess trends in cereal foods consumption, intention to change and factors associated with intake among Western Australian (WA) adults 18 to 64 years. METHOD: Cross-sectional data from the 1995, 1998, 2001, 2004, 2009, and 2012 Nutrition Monitoring Survey Series involving 7044 adults were pooled...
June 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651254/a-preliminary-study-of-a-spanish-graphic-novella-targeting-hearing-loss-prevention
#5
Mark Guiberson, Emily Wakefield
Purpose: This preliminary study developed a digital graphic novella targeting hearing protection beliefs of Spanish-speaking agricultural workers. Researchers used pretest-posttest interview surveys to establish if the novella had an immediate influence on the participants' beliefs about noise-induced hearing loss and usage of hearing protection devices. Method: Researchers developed a digital graphic novella directed to increase knowledge about noise-induced hearing loss and increase the proper use of hearing protection devices...
June 23, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650777/a-transdiagnostic-examination-of-decreased-intolerance-of-uncertainty-and-treatment-outcome
#6
Kimberly Stevens, Travis Rogers, Moselle Campbell, Thröstur Björgvinsson, Sarah Kertz
Intolerance of uncertainty (IU) is characterized by negative beliefs and reactions to uncertainty. IU is present in emotional disorders and may be a mechanism of change in treatment . There are two components of IU, prospective and inhibitory IU, that may be differentially associated with outcome. The current study tested associations between pre- and post-treatment changes in the components of IU, symptoms of anxiety and depression, and treatment outcome in a large diagnostically heterogeneous partial hospital sample...
June 26, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650061/-effectiveness-of-education-based-on-neuroscience-in-the-treatment-of-musculoskeletal-chronic-pain
#7
J D Cuenda-Gago, L Espejo-Antunez
INTRODUCTION: Chronic pain is one of the most frequent health, economic and social problems. Given this, numerous approaches have been described, one of which is pain neuroscience education. AIM: To examine the effectiveness of pain neuroscience education in the treatment of musculoskeletal disorders with chronic pain and to explore the impact of specific aspects of the technique on its effectiveness. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Relevant studies published between 2000 and 2015 were identified by searching PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science...
July 1, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649231/medications-adherence-and-associated-factors-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-gaza-strip-palestine
#8
Aymen Elsous, Mahmoud Radwan, Hasnaa Al-Sharif, Ayman Abu Mustafa
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the adherence to anti-diabetic medications among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) seeking medical care in the Gaza Strip, Palestine. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 369 primary care patients with type 2 DM from October to December 2016. Adherence to medications was measured using the Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-4). Socio-demographic and clinical variables, provider-patient relationship, health literacy, and health belief were examined for each patient...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648386/knowledge-attitudes-and-beliefs-regarding-cardiovascular-disease-in%C3%A2-women-the-women-s-heart-alliance
#9
C Noel Bairey Merz, Holly Andersen, Emily Sprague, Adam Burns, Mark Keida, Mary Norine Walsh, Phyllis Greenberger, Susan Campbell, Irene Pollin, Cassandra McCullough, Nancy Brown, Marjorie Jenkins, Rita Redberg, Paula Johnson, British Robinson
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the number 1 killer of women in the United States, yet few younger women are aware of this fact. CVD campaigns focus little attention on physicians and their roles in assessing risk. OBJECTIVES: In 2014, the Women's Heart Alliance (WHA) conducted a nationwide survey to determine barriers and opportunities for women and physicians with regard to CVD. METHODS: From September 18 to 26, 2014, a total of 1,011 U...
June 20, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648099/social-anxiety-and-work-status-the-role-of-negative-metacognitive-beliefs-symptom-severity-and-cognitive-behavioural-factors
#10
Henrik Nordahl, Adrian Wells
BACKGROUND: Psychological health has a profound effect on personal and occupational functioning with Social Anxiety Symptoms in particular having a major effect on ability to work. Recent initiatives have focused on treating psychological illness with cognitive-behavioural models with a view to increasing return to work. However, the psychological correlates of work status amongst individuals with elevated mental health symptoms such as social anxiety are under-explored. AIMS: This study reports a test of unique predictors of work status drawing on variables that have been given centre stage in cognitive-behavioural models and in the metacognitive model of psychological disorder...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647903/farmers-attitude-toward-treated-sludge-use-in-the-villages-of-west-bank-palestine
#11
Md M Rashid, Mary G Kattou'a, Issam A Al-Khatib, Chikashi Sato
An application of treated sewage sludge on agricultural land has been widely accepted, as this method is simple and economical for disposal of wastewater residues. When applied properly on an agricultural land, sludge can replenish organic matter and nutrients in soil. Although sewage sludge has been used in agriculture in many parts of the world, its acceptability varies with different cultures and beliefs among farmers. Farmers' concerns on sludge use are primarily due to its anthropogenic origin, pollutants that it carries, a general perception of sewage being dirty, and its offensive odor...
July 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646919/determinants-of-modern-contraceptive-practice-in-yaound%C3%A3-cameroon-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#12
Philip Nana Njotang, Martin Ndinakie Yakum, Atem Bethel Ajong, Marie José Essi, Ebile Walter Akoh, Nzene Edmond Mesumbe, Simon Ako, Enow Robinson Mbu
BACKGROUND: Despite numerous efforts put in place to increase modern contraceptive use in Cameroon as a means to fight maternal and infant mortality, the prevalence of modern contraception has shown only a slow increase and maternal mortality is constantly rising. This paper attempts to identify barriers to contraceptive use in Biyem-Assi, Yaoundé-Cameroon so as to clearly define in which domain and how to intervene concerning contraceptive use in Cameroon. METHODS: It was a community-based cross sectional study involving a two-steps cluster sampling...
June 24, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645040/longitudinal-effects-of-religious-involvement-on-religious-coping-and-health-behaviors-in-a-national-sample-of-african-americans
#13
Cheryl L Holt, David L Roth, Jin Huang, Crystal L Park, Eddie M Clark
Many studies have examined associations between religious involvement and health, linking various dimensions of religion with a range of physical health outcomes and often hypothesizing influences on health behaviors. However, far fewer studies have examined explanatory mechanisms of the religion-health connection, and most have overwhelmingly relied on cross-sectional analyses. Given the relatively high levels of religious involvement among African Americans and the important role that religious coping styles may play in health, the present study tested a longitudinal model of religious coping as a potential mediator of a multidimensional religious involvement construct (beliefs; behaviors) on multiple health behaviors (e...
June 15, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644783/how-should-integrity-preservation-and-professional-growth-be-balanced-during-trainees-professionalization
#14
Eli Weber, Sharon Gray
People can experience moral distress when they regard themselves as expected to pursue a course of action they believe to be morally wrong. However, beliefs that give rise to moral distress are sometimes underdeveloped. Experiences of moral distress are not uncommon for medical trainees, who are still in the process of forming their professional identities and whose identity-constituting beliefs might therefore be subject to ongoing revision. Thus, it is important for health professions training programs to incorporate case-based ethics education sessions into their structure to help identify and alleviate trainees' moral distress, provide ethics education, and create a "safe space" for trainees to talk openly about moral concerns related to clinical practice...
June 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644414/benefits-facilitators-barriers-and-strategies-to-improve-pesticide-protective-behaviors-insights-from-farmworkers-in-north-carolina-tobacco-fields
#15
AnnMarie Lee Walton, Catherine E LePrevost, Laura Linnan, Ana Sanchez-Birkhead, Kathi Mooney
Pesticide exposure is associated with deleterious health effects. Prior studies suggest Latino farmworkers perceive little control over their occupational health. Using the Health Belief Model as a theoretical guide, we explored the perceptions of Latino farmworkers working in tobacco in North Carolina (n = 72) about benefits and facilitators of pesticide protective behaviors as well as barriers, and strategies to overcome barriers to their use. Interviews were conducted with participants at farmworker housing during non-work time...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643615/migrant-caregiving-for-family-members-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-an-ethnographic-study
#16
Eleanor Holroyd, Jed Montayre, Sienna Ramsey, Victoria Egli
BACKGROUND: Migrant families caring for family members with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) face considerable socioeconomic burden and isolation. AIM: To examine the cultural needs, beliefs and health seeking behaviours of migrant Turkish family member caregivers. DESIGN: An ethnographic approach was used employing in depth interviews. METHODS: Turkish caregivers residing in Melbourne, Australia were purposively sampled...
June 23, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643551/provider-advice-about-weight-loss-in-a-primary-care-sample-of-obese-and-overweight-patients
#17
Chanita Hughes Halbert, Melanie Jefferson, Cathy L Melvin, LaShanta Rice, Kemi M Chukwuka
OBJECTIVE: Primary care providers play an important role in obesity prevention and reduction by advising patients about weight loss strategies. This study examined receipt of provider advice to lose weight among primary care patients who were overweight and obese. METHODS: Observational study conducted among primary care patients (n = 282) who completed a survey that measured receipt of provider advice about weight loss/management, chronic health conditions, perceived weight status, and perceptions about shared decision making about weight loss/management...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643286/identifying-primary-care-physicians-continuing-education-needs-by-examining-clinical-practices-attitudes-and-barriers-to-screening-across-multiple-cancers
#18
Brenna Lynn, Alexandra Hatry, Chloe Burnett, Lisa Kan, Tunde Olatunbosun, Bob Bluman
Population-based cancer screening for cervical, breast, and colorectal cancers improves patient outcomes, yet screening rates remain low for some cancers. Despite studies investigating physician perceptions and practices for screening, many have focused on individual cancers and lack primary care physicians' (PCPs) realities around screening for multiple cancers. We surveyed 887 PCPs in British Columbia (BC) to examine practices, beliefs, barriers, and learning needs towards cancer screening across breast, cervical, colorectal, prostate, as well as hereditary predisposition to cancer...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643242/what-influences-linkage-to-care-after-home-based-hiv-counseling-and-testing
#19
Reshma Naik, Wanga Zembe, Fatima Adigun, Elizabeth Jackson, Hanani Tabana, Debra Jackson, Frank Feeley, Tanya Doherty
To maximize the benefits of test and treat strategies that utilize community-based HIV testing, clients who test positive must link to care in a timely manner. However, linkage rates across the HIV treatment cascade are typically low and little is known about what might facilitate or hinder care-seeking behavior. This qualitative study was conducted within a home-based HIV counseling and testing (HBHCT) intervention in South Africa. In-depth interviews were conducted with 30 HBHCT clients who tested HIV positive to explore what influenced their care-seeking behavior...
June 22, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642871/promoting-mental-health-in-italian-middle-and-high-school-a-pilot-study
#20
Franco Veltro, Valentina Ialenti, Manuel Alejandro Morales García, Emiliana Bonanni, Claudia Iannone, Marinella D'Innocenzo, Antonella Gigantesco
AIM: In Italy, a handbook has been developed based on the principles of cooperative learning, life skills, self-effectiveness, and problem-solving at high school level. Early studies have shown the handbook's effectiveness. It has been hypothesized that the revised handbook could be more effective in middle schools. METHOD: The study design is a "pre- and posttest" that compares the results obtained from 91 students of the high schools with those of the 38 students from middle schools...
2017: BioMed Research International
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