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Health Beliefs

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337164/implicit-processes-self-regulation-and-interventions-for-behavior-change
#1
Tom St Quinton, Julie A Brunton
The ability to regulate and subsequently change behavior is influenced by both reflective and implicit processes. Traditional theories have focused on conscious processes by highlighting the beliefs and intentions that influence decision making. However, their success in changing behavior has been modest with a gap between intention and behavior apparent. Dual-process models have been recently applied to health psychology; with numerous models incorporating implicit processes that influence behavior as well as the more common conscious processes...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335771/understanding-the-motivations-of-health-care-providers-in-performing-female-genital-mutilation-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#2
REVIEW
Marie-Hélène Doucet, Christina Pallitto, Danielle Groleau
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a traditional harmful practice that can cause severe physical and psychological damages to girls and women. Increasingly, trained health-care providers carry out the practice at the request of families. It is important to understand the motivations of providers in order to reduce the medicalization of FGM. This integrative review identifies, appraises and summarizes qualitative and quantitative literature exploring the factors that are associated with the medicalization of FGM and/or re-infibulation...
March 23, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335446/knowledge-self-confidence-and-attitudes-towards-suicidal-patients-at-emergency-and-psychiatric-departments-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-effects-of-an-educational-poster-campaign
#3
Renate van Landschoot, Gwendolyn Portzky, Kees van Heeringen
Educational posters are used to enhance knowledge, attitudes and self-confidence of patients. Little is known on their effectiveness for educating health care professionals. As these professionals may play an important role in suicide prevention, the effects of a poster and accompanying evaluation and triage guide on knowledge, self-confidence and attitudes regarding suicidal thoughts and behaviours, were studied in a multicentre cluster randomised controlled trial, involving staff from 39 emergency and 38 psychiatric departments throughout Flanders (n = 1171)...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334770/smokers-perceptions-of-sources-of-advice-about-quitting-findings-from-the-australian-arm-of-the-itc-4-country-survey
#4
James Balmford, Ron Borland
Smokers are exposed to advice about quitting from numerous sources. Within the 2013 ITC 4-Country Survey, 1211 Australian smokers or recent ex-smokers rated the perceived importance of eight sources of advice, categorized into evidence-based, non evidence-based, personal experience and vicarious experience (two items each), and also rated their intention to quit, nicotine dependence, use of quit medication, health concerns and harm beliefs. The eight items were all positively correlated. Respondents who placed greater importance on their experiences (either personal or vicarious) were more likely to agree that the evidence for smoking-related harm is exaggerated, and although not more likely to intend to quit overall, these responses were most strongly related to quit intention...
February 27, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333567/aboriginal-cultural-competency-in-dietetics-a-national-survey-of-canadian-registered-dietitians
#5
Paige Huycke, Jillian Ingribelli, Lee Rysdale
Little has been published on cultural competency curriculum and dietetics considering the impact of food-related beliefs and behaviours on health. A 14-item online survey was administered in January 2016 to 145 participants (125 members of Dietitians of Canada Aboriginal Nutrition Network and 20 dietitians with an interest in Aboriginal nutrition). Questions included multiple choice and ranking responses and were pretested by 4 preceptors with the Northern Ontario Dietetic Internship Program (NODIP). Quantitative data analysis included frequencies, pivot tables, and averaging/grouping of ranking scores...
March 23, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333100/understanding-the-psychosocial-correlates-of-the-intention-to-use-condoms-among-young-men-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#6
Thabang Manyaapelo, Anam Nyembezi, Robert A C Ruiter, Bart van den Borne, Sibusiso Sifunda, Priscilla Reddy
South Africa leads the world with the number of people infected with HIV. Even with all attempts that have been made to curb HIV, it is still evident that new infections are on the rise. Condom use remains one of the best tools against this challenge yet a small number of sexually active men use them. This study investigates the psychosocial correlates of the intention to use condoms among young men in KwaZulu-Natal province. Using the Theory of Planned Behaviour as a framework, hierarchical linear regression models were used to determine the unique contribution of the study measures in explaining the overall variance of intention to consistently use condoms...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332869/perceived-enjoyment-concentration-intention-and-speed-violation-behavior-using-flow-theory-and-theory-of-planned-behavior
#7
Charles Atombo, Chaozhong Wu, Hui Zhang, Tina D Wemegah
OBJECTIVE: Road accidents are an important public health concern and speeding is a major contributor. Although, flow theory (FLT) is a valid model for understanding behavior, currently the nature of the roles and interplay, of FLT constructs within the theory of planned behavior (TPB) framework when attempting to explain the determinants of motivations for intention to speed and speeding behavior of car drivers is not yet known. The study aims to synthesize TPB and FLT in explaining drivers of advanced vehicles intention to speed and speed violation behavior and evaluate factors which are critical for explaining intention and behavior...
March 23, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332857/body-image-and-risk-behaviors-in-youth-with-hiv
#8
Ronald H Dallas, Megan M Loew, Megan L Wilkins, Yilun Sun, Li Tang, Jerlym S Porter, Aditya H Gaur
Body image concerns are common among people living with HIV. Among adults with HIV, body image concerns have been shown to be related to risky sexual behaviors; little research has been conducted among youth living with HIV (YLWH). The current study examined the predictors, including body image, of sexual risk behaviors among YLWH. Adolescents from a single clinic (n = 143; age range 16-24 years; 69% male; 95% African American) completed a computerized self-report survey to assess demographic, behavioral, and body image domains...
March 23, 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331762/the-determination-of-knowledge-applications-and-health-beliefs-of-third-and-fourth-grade-nursing-students-regarding-breast-self-exam
#9
Aygül Kıssal, Bahtışen Kartal, Öznur Çetin
OBJECTIVE: Breast Self-Exam (BSE) is a screening method for the early diagnosis of breast cancer in young women. However, the knowledge and applications of the students related to Breast Self-Exam (BSE) are insufficient. This study aims to investigate the knowledge, application and health beliefs of the students related to BSE. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive study's sample consisted of 127 third and fourth grade students in the Nursing Department. Socio-demographic Form, Breast Cancer Knowledge Form, Health Belief Model Scale and BSE Checklist were used in order to collect the data...
January 2017: J Breast Health (2013)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330490/explaining-culturally-and-linguistically-diverse-cald-parents-access-of-healthcare-services-for-developmental-surveillance-and-anticipatory-guidance-qualitative-findings-from-the-watch-me-grow-study
#10
Pankaj Garg, My Trinh Ha, John Eastwood, Susan Harvey, Sue Woolfenden, Elisabeth Murphy, Cheryl Dissanayake, Bin Jalaludin, Katrina Williams, Anne McKenzie, Stewart Einfeld, Natalie Silove, Kate Short, Valsamma Eapen
BACKGROUND: Regular health visits for parents with young children provide an opportunity for developmental surveillance and anticipatory guidance regarding common childhood problems and help to achieve optimal developmental progress prior to school entry. However, there are few published reports from Australian culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) communities exploring parents' experiences for accessing child health surveillance programs. This paper aims to describe and explain parental experiences for accessing developmental surveillance and anticipatory guidance for children...
March 22, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329848/attitudes-toward-alzheimer-s-care-seeking-among-korean-americans-effects-of-knowledge-stigma-and-subjective-norm
#11
Banghwa Lee Casado, Michin Hong, Sang E Lee
Purpose: Early detection of Alzheimer's disease (AD) ensures that affected individuals and their caregivers can make appropriate plans for health care needs, yet many ethnic minorities delay seeking care for AD until the disease has progressed. This study examined attitudes toward care-seeking for AD among Korean Americans (KAs) and identified factors affecting their attitudes. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was used to collect data from 234 KA adults. We conducted hierarchical regression analyses to examine the effects of sociocultural background (age, gender, education, cultural orientation), AD knowledge and exposure to AD, and beliefs about AD (stigma of pity, shame, and public avoidance) and AD care (subjective norm) on KAs' attitudes toward seeking AD care from primary care physicians (PCPs) and AD specialists...
March 10, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329844/the-influence-of-exercise-on-cognitive-function-in-older-hispanic-latino-adults-results-from-the-%C3%A2-caminemos-study
#12
Lissette M Piedra, Flavia C D Andrade, Rosalba Hernandez, Seth William Boughton, Laura Trejo, Catherine A Sarkisian
Purpose of the Study: We examined the prospective effect of an evidence-based exercise intervention (¡Caminemos!) on cognitive function among older Hispanic/Latino adults and the potential synergistic effects (if any) of an attribution-retraining intervention given to a random sample to counter negative ascriptions of the aging process. Design and Methods: We analyzed baseline and follow-up (1- and 2-year) data collected from Hispanics/Latinos ≥60 years (N = 571) who participated in ¡Caminemos! across 27 senior centers...
March 15, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329428/the-diagnosis-and-lived-experience-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-qualitative-study
#13
Julie Tomlinson, Jonathan Pinkney, Linda Adams, Elizabeth Stenhouse, Alison Bendall, Oonagh Corrigan, Gayle Letherby
AIMS: To explore the impact of the diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome on health/ill health identity, how women experience this diagnosis and their health beliefs. BACKGROUND: polycystic ovary syndrome is a common and heterogeneous condition, giving rise to a wide range of different health concerns. Previous research on polycystic ovary syndrome has been dominated by the medical perspective and less is known about the experiences and needs of women. DESIGN: A qualitative study of 32 premenopausal adult women with polycystic ovary syndrome (diagnosis confirmed by Rotterdam criteria), aged between 18-45 years, recruited from a primary and secondary care setting...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329031/who-take-naps-self-reported-and-objectively-measured-napping-in-very-old-women
#14
Yue Leng, Katie Stone, Sonia Ancoli-Israel, Kenneth Covinsky, Kristine Yaffe
Background: Despite the widespread belief that napping is common among older adults, little is known about the correlates of napping. We examined the prevalence and correlates of self-reported and objectively measured napping among very old women. Methods: We studied 2,675 community-dwelling women (mean age 84.5 ± 3.7 years; range 79-96). Self-reported napping was defined as a report of regular napping for ≥1 hour per day. Individual objective naps were defined as ≥5 consecutive minutes of inactivity as measured by actigraphy and women were characterized as "objective nappers" if they had at least 60 minutes of naps per day...
February 18, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327894/statistical-controversies-in-clinical-research-overlap-and-errors-in-the-meta-analyses-of-microrna-genetic-association-studies-in-cancers
#15
J H Park, M Eisenhut, H J Vliet, J I Shin
Background: : Various errors in the design, conduct, and analysis of medical and public health research studies can produce false results and waste valuable resources. While systematic reviews and meta-analyses are arguably considered the most dependable source of evidence-based medicine, increasing numbers of studies are indicating that, on the contrary to the public's belief, many of these investigations are redundant, erroneous, and even biased. Methods: 94 meta-analyses on microRNA polymorphism and risk of cancer were extracted from Pubmed database on August 2016...
January 24, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327494/hand-hygiene-in-health-care-settings-the-citizens-point-of-view
#16
Chiara Foà, Grazia Antonella Tura, Claudia Camelli, Roberta Silingardi, Monia Malavolti, Elisabeth Kuenzer, Gabriella Carraro, Barbara De Paolis, Leopoldo Sarli
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The infection risk prevention is one of the main objectives of all health and sanitary systems, since the reduction of the healthcare associated infections is attainable goals through appropriate prevention strategies. Among these, proper hand hygiene of health care professionals and citizens (visitors/outpatients/caregivers, volunteers) is fundamental to reduce the spreading of micro organisms and prevent infections. The purpose of the study is indeed to explore the self-reported hand washing behavior of citizens who access to health facilities and the variables involved in it, using in particular the Theory of Planned Behaviour...
March 14, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327202/patients-perspective-of-disease-and-medication-adherence-for-type-2-diabetes-in-an-urban-area-in-bangladesh-a-qualitative-study
#17
Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam, Tuhin Biswas, Faiz A Bhuiyan, Kamrun Mustafa, Anwar Islam
BACKGROUND: Patients' perspective of diabetes and adherence to its prescribed medications is a significant predictor of glycemic control and overall management of the disease. However, there is a paucity of such information in Bangladesh. This study aimed to explore patients' perspective of diabetes, their experience of taking oral hypoglycemic medications and explore factors that contribute to medication adherence in patients with type 2 diabetes in Bangladesh. METHODS: We conducted in-depth face-to-face interviews with 12 type 2 diabetes patients attending a tertiary hospital in Dhaka city between February and March, 2014...
March 21, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326802/the-relationship-between-beliefs-about-emotions-and-quality-of-life-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#18
Hannah Bowers, Abigail Wroe, Tamar Pincus
Suppression of undesirable emotions, as well as beliefs about the unacceptability of experiencing and expressing emotions, have both been shown to be related to poorer health-related outcomes in several clinical groups. Potential models through which these variables relate have yet to be tested in those with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and are therefore examined in the current article. Online questionnaires were administered to people with IBS (n = 84) to test a mediation model in which beliefs about the unacceptability of emotions are associated with greater emotional suppression, which in turn relates to increased affective distress and consequently poorer quality of life...
March 22, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326536/risk-factors-for-obesity-in-preschool-aged-children-in-china
#19
Jyu-Lin Chen, Jill Howie Esquivel, Jia Guo, Catherine A Chesla, Siyuan Tang
AIMS: To examine the relationship between child, mother, and environmental factors and increased body mass index in preschool-aged children in China. BACKGROUND: There are about 120 million children in China are classified as overweight or obese. Understanding the key factors associated with childhood obesity (i.e. child, mother and environment) is the first step in combating the growing obesity epidemic in China, as well as in the global community, where large numbers of Chinese immigrants can be found...
March 21, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325130/antiretroviral-adherence-perspectives-of-pregnant-and-postpartum-women-in-guyana
#20
Deborah Vitalis, Zelee Hill
The Caribbean region has the second highest HIV prevalence after Sub-Saharan Africa. Guyana's adult HIV prevalence is 1.9% among pregnant women, with women accounting for an estimated 58% of all persons living with HIV. However, there are few studies on ART adherence in the Caribbean, none from Guyana, and none focusing on adherence in pregnancy and the postpartum period. The objective of this study was to explore the perspectives of HIV-infected pregnant and postpartum women and healthcare providers in Guyana about barriers and facilitators to ART adherence...
March 2017: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
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