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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525633/scan-echo-for-pain-management-implementing-a-regional-telementoring-training-for-primary-care-providers
#1
Sherry Ball, Brigid Wilson, Scott Ober, Ali Mchaourab
Objective.:  The Specialty Care Access Network-Extension for Community Health Outcomes (SCAN-ECHO) is a video teleconferencing-based training program where primary care providers are trained by a specialty care team to provide specialty care. A multidisciplinary team of pain management specialists at the Cleveland Veterans Affairs Medical Center established such a program for pain management; a description and preliminary effectiveness assessment of this training program is presented...
May 19, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521380/-clinical-practical-examination-in-orthopaedic-teaching-who-is-the-ideal-examiner
#2
Peter Melcher, Andreas Roth, Mohamed Ghanem, Daisy Rotzoll
Background Medical curricula require an increasing amount of integrated clinical practical skills education. German medical faculties are increasingly implementing the OSCE (objective structured clinical examination) to test students' practical as well as communication skills. Teaching and assessment tools for practical skills include simulators and simulated patient scenarios, where peer-assisted teaching (PAT) is applied. Trained student tutors support this process. This study examines for the first time the use of PAT student tutors as examiners in an orthopaedic OSCE unit and the existence of possible differences in rating between faculty and PAT student tutors...
May 18, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521082/training-doctors-briefly-and-in-situ-to-involve-their-patients-in-making-medical-decisions-preliminary-testing-of-a-newly-developed-module
#3
Jürgen Kasper, Katrin Liethmann, Christoph Heesen, Daniel R Reissmann, Friedemann Geiger
OBJECTIVE: To carry out preliminary evaluation of a training module for doctors to enhance their ability to involve their patients in medical decision making. The training refers to the shared decision-making (SDM) communication concept. METHODS: The training module includes a comprehensive manual, a corresponding video tutorial with communication examples and a 15-minute face-to-face feedback session based on an SDM analysis of a consultation recording provided by the trainee...
May 18, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516799/oral-health-promotion-during-well-visits
#4
Sandra M Sanguino, Niramol Dhepyasuwan, Annamaria Church, Sharon Dabrow, Janet R Serwint, Henry H Bernstein
Training pediatric residents in Bright Futures and oral health concepts is critical to improving oral health. This study's objective was to determine the skill level of pediatric residents in integrating oral health promotion during health supervision visits of 12- to 35-month-old children. One hundred forty-three pediatric residents participated in an evaluation of the effectiveness of a Bright Futures oral health curriculum. Competencies assessed preintervention included partnership building, communication, and integration of oral health concepts...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516347/uniting-the-pre-health-humanities-with-the-introductory-composition-course
#5
Amy Rubens
Drawing on my experiences at a teaching-focused university, I show how locating the health humanities in first-year or introductory composition courses improves learning and offers an economical, flexible, and far-reaching approach to bringing a health humanities education to all baccalaureate-level learners, regardless of whether they aspire to careers in the health professions. In terms of improving learning, health humanities composition courses support the disciplinary aims of both fields. Accessible, relevant issues in the health humanities, such as interventions in health debates or representations of illness and healthcare settings, nourish the cognitive and social conditions needed to develop college-level writing skills...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510760/what-factors-hinder-the-decision-making-process-for-women-with-cancer-and-contemplating-fertility-preservation-treatment
#6
Georgina Jones, Jane Hughes, Neda Mahmoodi, Emily Smith, Jonathan Skull, William Ledger
BACKGROUND: Although fertility preservation (FP) treatment options have increased, the existing evidence suggests that many women with cancer do not feel well supported in making these decisions, but find them stressful and complex and fail to take up fertility care at this crucial time. Whilst existing reviews have all made important contributions to our understanding of the FP decision-making process, none of them examine solely and specifically these processes for women of reproductive age with a diagnosis of any cancer, leaving a gap in the knowledge base...
May 16, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507364/evaluation-of-a-communication-skills-training-course-for-medical-students-using-peer-role-play
#7
Nasra Naeim Ayuob, Mahdi Ali Qadi, Basem Salama El Deek, Abdulaziz Mohamed Boker
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of using peer role-playing in learning the communication skills as a step in the development of the communication skills training course delivered to pre-clinical medical students. METHODS: This study was conducted at the King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, between September 2014 and February 2015 and comprised medical students. Mixed methods design was used to evaluate the developed communication skills training course...
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506455/trauma-morning-report-is-the-ideal-environment-to-teach-and-evaluate-resident-communication-and-sign-outs-in-the-80-hour-work-week
#8
Mary E Ottinger, Sean F Monaghan, Shea C Gregg, Andrew H Stephen, Michael D Connolly, David T Harrington, Charles A Adams, William G Cioffi, Daithi S Heffernan
BACKGROUND: The 80h work week has raised concerns that complications may increase due to multiple sign-outs or poor communication. Trauma Surgery manages complex trauma and acute care surgical patients with rapidly changing physiology, clinical demands and a large volume of data that must be communicated to render safe, effective patient care. Trauma Morning Report format may offer the ideal situation to study and teach sign-outs and resident communication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Surgery Residents were assessed on a 1-5 scale for their ability to communicate to their fellow residents...
May 1, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506289/a-preliminary-investigation-to-explore-the-cognitive-resources-of-physicians-experiencing-difficulty-in-training
#9
Fiona Patterson, Fran Cousans, Iain Coyne, Jo Jones, Sheona Macleod, Lara Zibarras
BACKGROUND: Treating patients is complex, and research shows that there are differences in cognitive resources between physicians who experience difficulties, and those who do not. It is possible that differences in some cognitive resources could explain the difficulties faced by some physicians. In this study, we explore differences in cognitive resources between different groups of physicians (that is, between native (UK) physicians and International Medical Graduates (IMG); those who continue with training versus those who were subsequently removed from the training programme); and also between physicians experiencing difficulties compared with the general population...
May 15, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505523/trainers-perception-of-the-learning-environment-and-student-competency-a-qualitative-investigation-of-midwifery-and-anesthesia-training-programs-in-ethiopia
#10
Sharon Kibwana, Rachel Haws, Adrienne Kols, Firew Ayalew, Young-Mi Kim, Jos van Roosmalen, Jelle Stekelenburg
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia has successfully expanded training for midwives and anesthetists in public institutions. This study explored the perceptions of trainers (instructors, clinical lab assistants and preceptors) towards the adequacy of students' learning experience and implications for achieving mastery of core competencies. METHODS: In-depth interviews with 96 trainers at 9 public universities and 17 regional health science colleges across Ethiopia were conducted to elicit their opinions about available resources, program curriculum suitability, and competence of graduating students...
May 1, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504014/the-development-of-a-patient-specific-method-for-physiotherapy-goal-setting-a-user-centered-design
#11
Anita Stevens, Albère Köke, Trudy van der Weijden, Anna Beurskens
PURPOSE: To deliver client-centered care, physiotherapists need to identify the patients' individual treatment goals. However, practical tools for involving patients in goal setting are lacking. The purpose of this study was to improve the frequently used Patient-Specific Complaints instrument in Dutch physiotherapy, and to develop it into a feasible method to improve physiotherapy goal setting. METHODS: An iterative user-centered design was conducted in co-creation with the physiotherapists and patients, in three phases...
May 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503947/recommendations-for-data-monitoring-committees-from-the-clinical-trials-transformation-initiative
#12
Karim A Calis, Patrick Archdeacon, Raymond Bain, David DeMets, Miriam Donohue, M Khair Elzarrad, Annemarie Forrest, John McEachern, Michael J Pencina, Jane Perlmutter, Roger J Lewis
Background/aims Use of data monitoring committees to oversee clinical trials was first proposed nearly 50 years ago. Since then, data monitoring committee use in clinical trials has increased and evolved. Nonetheless, there are no well-defined criteria for determining the need for a data monitoring committee, and considerable variability exists in data monitoring committee composition and conduct. To understand and describe the role and function of data monitoring committees, and establish best practices for data monitoring committee trial oversight, the Clinical Trials Transformation Initiative-a public-private partnership to improve clinical trials-launched a multi-stakeholder project...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501114/evaluation-of-palliative-care-training-and-skills-retention-by-medical-students
#13
Priti P Parikh, Mary T White, Lynne Buckingham, Kathryn M Tchorz
BACKGROUND: Training in palliative and end-of-life care has been introduced in medical education; however, the impact of such training and the retention of skills and knowledge have not been studied in detail. This survey study examines long-term follow-up on end-of-life communication skills training, evaluation, and skills retention in medical students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During the surgical clerkship, all third-year medical students received communication skills training in palliative care using simulated patients...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498034/assessment-of-resident-physicians-communicator-and-collaborator-competencies-by-interprofessional-clinicians-a-mixed-methods-study
#14
Lyn K Sonnenberg, Lesley Pritchard-Wiart, Carol S Hodgson, YongQiang Yu, Sharla King
Phenomenon: As we move toward competency-based medical education, greater emphasis is being placed on assessing a more comprehensive skill set, including the ability to communicate and collaborate effectively in the workplace. Nonphysician members on interprofessional (IP) teams have valuable perspectives on actual resident performance and are often not adequately engaged in the provision of feedback to residents. Based on the educational theories of collaborative evaluation and social constructivism, this research examined the ability of IP clinicians to provide feedback to residents...
May 12, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496276/using-patient-case-video-vignettes-to-improve-students-understanding-of-cross-cultural-communication
#15
Sally Arif, Brian Cryder, Jennifer Mazan, Ana Quiñones-Boex, Angelika Cyganska
Objective. To develop, implement, and assess whether simulated patient case videos improve students' understanding of and attitudes toward cross-cultural communication in health care. Design. Third-year pharmacy students (N=159) in a health care communications course participated in a one-hour lecture and two-hour workshop on the topic of cross-cultural communication. Three simulated pharmacist-patient case vignettes highlighting cross-cultural communication barriers, the role of active listening, appropriate use of medical interpreters, and useful models to overcome communication barriers were viewed and discussed in groups of 20 students during the workshop...
April 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496274/student-self-assessment-and-faculty-assessment-of-performance-in-an-interprofessional-error-disclosure-simulation-training-program
#16
Therese I Poirier, Junvie Pailden, Ray Jhala, Katie Ronald, Miranda Wilhelm, Jingyang Fan
Objectives. To conduct a prospective evaluation for effectiveness of an error disclosure assessment tool and video recordings to enhance student learning and metacognitive skills while assessing the IPEC competencies. Design. The instruments for assessing performance (planning, communication, process, and team dynamics) in interprofessional error disclosure were developed. Student self-assessment of performance before and after viewing the recordings of their encounters were obtained. Faculty used a similar instrument to conduct real-time assessments...
April 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490857/effects-of-the-caregiver-interaction-profile-training-on-caregiver-child-interactions-in-dutch-child-care-centers-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Katrien O W Helmerhorst, J Marianne A Riksen-Walraven, Ruben G Fukkink, Louis W C Tavecchio, Mirjam J J M Gevers Deynoot-Schaub
BACKGROUND: Previous studies underscore the need to improve caregiver-child interactions in early child care centers. OBJECTIVE: In this study we used a randomized controlled trial to examine whether a 5-week video feedback training can improve six key interactive skills of caregivers in early child care centers: Sensitive responsiveness, respect for autonomy, structuring and limit setting, verbal communication, developmental stimulation, and fostering positive peer interactions...
2017: Child & Youth Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487267/embodied-conversational-agents-in-clinical-psychology-a-scoping-review
#18
Simon Provoost, Ho Ming Lau, Jeroen Ruwaard, Heleen Riper
BACKGROUND: Embodied conversational agents (ECAs) are computer-generated characters that simulate key properties of human face-to-face conversation, such as verbal and nonverbal behavior. In Internet-based eHealth interventions, ECAs may be used for the delivery of automated human support factors. OBJECTIVE: We aim to provide an overview of the technological and clinical possibilities, as well as the evidence base for ECA applications in clinical psychology, to inform health professionals about the activity in this field of research...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487117/teaching-medical-students-to-express-empathy-by-exploring-patient-emotions-and-experiences-in-standardized-medical-encounters
#19
Roger Ruiz-Moral, Luis Pérula de Torres, Diana Monge, Cristina García Leonardo, Fernando Caballero
OBJECTIVES: To increase medical students' ability to detect contextual and emotional cues and to respond empathetically to patients. METHODS: a training course in communication skills and patient-centered care with different teaching activities (didactic, reflective and interactive: workshops and encounters with simulated patients) was delivered to third-year medical students just before their clerkships. The program was evaluated by an external observer (OE) and simulated patients (SP) in 2 or 3 videotaped encounters...
April 29, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484666/hearing-and-balance-disorders-in-the-state-of-hawai-i-demographics-and-demand-for-services
#20
Mohsin Ahmed M Shaikh, James W Hall, Cindy McManus, Henry L Lew
Hearing and balance disorders affect people of all ages. Among children, hearing loss affects speech and language development, academic performance, and psychosocial development. Hearing loss in adults negatively impacts work productivity, cognitive function, and psychosocial status. Prevalence of hearing loss in children in Hawai'i is higher than the national average. Research indicates that hearing loss is a prevalent condition among veterans and advanced age adults. This is of particular concern in Hawai'i as the state is home to many military training facilities and has a large elderly population...
May 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
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