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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738443/urethral-injection-therapy-for-urinary-incontinence-in-women
#1
REVIEW
Vivienne Kirchin, Tobias Page, Phil E Keegan, Kofi Om Atiemo, June D Cody, Samuel McClinton, Patricia Aluko
BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence imposes a significant health and economic burden to society. Periurethral or transurethral injection of bulking agents is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used as one the surgical treatments of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in adult women. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of periurethral or transurethral injection therapy on the cure or improvement of urinary incontinence in women. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Incontinence Group Specialised Trials Register (searched 8 November 2010) and the reference lists of relevant articles...
July 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738377/updated-nasal-surgery-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#2
David M Johnson, Ryan J Soose
Numerous studies report that difficulty breathing through the nose is associated with reduced sleep quality, increased daytime dysfunction, and increased risk of snoring and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Additionally, chronic nasal obstruction often complicates and limits successful medical device therapy for OSA, particularly with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). When medical evaluation and management of the nose is inadequate, surgical therapy to lower nasal resistance has been shown to substantially improve sleep and breathing outcome measures...
2017: Advances in Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738203/early-detection-monitoring-for-aquatic-non-indigenous-species-optimizing-surveillance-incorporating-advanced-technologies-and%C3%A2-identifying-research-needs
#3
REVIEW
Anett S Trebitz, Joel C Hoffman, John A Darling, Erik M Pilgrim, John R Kelly, Emily A Brown, W Lindsay Chadderton, Scott P Egan, Erin K Grey, Syed A Hashsham, Katy E Klymus, Andrew R Mahon, Jeffrey L Ram, Martin T Schultz, Carol A Stepien, James C Schardt
Following decades of ecologic and economic impacts from a growing list of nonindigenous and invasive species, government and management entities are committing to systematic early- detection monitoring (EDM). This has reinvigorated investment in the science underpinning such monitoring, as well as the need to convey that science in practical terms to those tasked with EDM implementation. Using the context of nonindigenous species in the North American Great Lakes, this article summarizes the current scientific tools and knowledge - including limitations, research needs, and likely future developments - relevant to various aspects of planning and conducting comprehensive EDM...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737876/-acute-pericarditis-complicated-by-pericardial-effusion-in-a-pediatric-patient-case-report
#4
Daniel Palanca Arias, Elena G Corella Aznar, Ariadna Ayerza Casas, Alba Fernández Gómez, Marta López Ramón, Lorenzo Jiménez Montañés
Acute pericarditis is the most common disease of the pericardium encountered in clinical practice. It is diagnosed in 0.1% of all admissions and 5% of emergency room admissions for chest pain. In developed countries, it is usually due to a benign cause. Idiopathic and infectious pericarditis are more common than secondary to surgical pericardiotomy or neoplastic causes, whereas tuberculosis is the dominant cause in developing countries. The most common symptoms of pericarditis are characteristic chest pain and fever...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737843/non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-nsaids-for-cancer-related-pain-in-children-and-adolescents
#5
REVIEW
Tess E Cooper, Lauren C Heathcote, Brian Anderson, Marie-Claude Grégoire, Gustaf Ljungman, Christopher Eccleston
BACKGROUND: Pain is a common feature of childhood and adolescence around the world, and for many young people, that pain is chronic. The World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines for pharmacological treatments for persisting pain in children acknowledge that pain in children is a major public health concern of high significance in most parts of the world. Views on children's pain have changed over time and relief of pain is now seen as important. In the past, pain was largely dismissed and was frequently left untreated, and it was assumed that children quickly forgot about painful experiences...
July 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737659/summary-of-kidney-disease-improving-global-outcomes-kdigo-clinical-practice-guideline-on-the-evaluation-and-care-of-living-kidney-donors
#6
Krista L Lentine, Bertram L Kasiske, Andrew S Levey, Patricia L Adams, Josefina Alberú, Mohamed A Bakr, Lorenzo Gallon, Catherine A Garvey, Sandeep Guleria, Philip Kam-Tao Li, Dorry L Segev, Sandra J Taler, Kazunari Tanabe, Linda Wright, Martin G Zeier, Michael Cheung, Amit X Garg
Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) engaged an evidence review team and convened a work group to produce a guideline to evaluate and manage candidates for living kidney donation. The evidence for most guideline recommendations is sparse and many "ungraded" expert consensus recommendations were made to guide the donor candidate evaluation and care before, during, and after donation. The guideline advocates for replacing decisions based on assessments of single risk factors in isolation with a comprehensive approach to risk assessment using the best available evidence...
August 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737658/regulation-of-clinical-xenotransplantation-time-for-a-reappraisal
#7
David K C Cooper, Richard N Pierson, Bernhard J Hering, Muhammad M Mohiuddin, Jay A Fishman, Joachim Denner, Curie Ahn, Agnes M Azimzadeh, Leo H Buhler, Peter J Cowan, Wayne J Hawthorne, Takaaki Kobayashi, David H Sachs
The continual critical shortage of organs and cells from deceased human donors has stimulated research in the field of cross-species transplantation (xenotransplantation), with the pig selected as the most suitable potential source of organs. Since the US Food and Drug Administration concluded a comprehensive review of xenotransplantation in 2003, considerable progress has been made in the experimental laboratory to improve cell and organ xenograft survival in several pig-to-nonhuman primate systems that offer the best available models to predict clinical outcomes...
August 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737064/the-effects-of-delirium-prevention-guidelines-on-elderly-stroke-patients
#8
Jihye Song, Minkyung Lee, Dukyoo Jung
This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of the delirium prevention interventions recommended by the Delirium Prevention Guidelines for Elderly Stroke Patients (DPGESP). The DPGESP comprises nine dimensions with 28 interventions, including risk factor assessment, orientation disorder prevention, sleeping pattern maintenance, sensory interventions, constipation, dehydration, hypoxia and infection prevention, pain management, and appropriate nutrition maintenance. This quasi-experimental study used a nonequivalent control group and a pretest-posttest design...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736841/outcomes-of-blalock-taussig-shunts-in-current-era-a-single-center-experience
#9
Navaneetha Sasikumar, Antony Hermuzi, Chun-Po Steve Fan, Kyong-Jin Lee, Rajiv Chaturvedi, Edward Hickey, Osami Honjo, Glen S Van Arsdell, Christopher A Caldarone, Arnav Agarwal, Lee Benson
OBJECTIVES: Mortality associated with the modified Blalock-Taussig shunt (MBTS) remains high despite advanced perioperative management. This study was formulated to provide data on (1) current indications, (2) outcomes, and (3) factors affecting mortality and morbidity. DESIGN: A retrospective single center chart review identified 95 children (excluding hypoplastic left heart lesions) requiring a MBTS. Mortality and major morbidity were analyzed using the Kaplan Meier method and risk factor analysis using Cox's proportional hazard regression...
July 24, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736458/a-latent-class-analysis-of-family-characteristics-linked-to-youth-offending-outcomes
#10
Grace S Chng, Chi Meng Chu, Gerald Zeng, Dongdong Li, Ming Hwa Ting
OBJECTIVES: There were two aims to this study: firstly, to identify family subtypes of Singaporean youth offenders based on eight family variables. Secondly, the associations of these family subtypes with youth offending outcomes were tested. METHODS: With a sample of 3,744 youth, a latent class analysis was first conducted based on eight family variables. Multivariate analyses and a Cox regression were subsequently performed to analyze the associations of the family classes with age at first arrest, age at first charge, and recidivism...
November 2016: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736353/sport-related-structural-brain-injury-three-cases-of-subdural-hemorrhage-in-american-high-school-football
#11
Aaron M Yengo-Kahn, Ryan M Gardner, Andrew W Kuhn, Gary S Solomon, Christopher M Bonfield, Scott L Zuckerman
BACKGROUND: The risk of sport-related concussion (SRC) has emerged as a major public health concern. In rare instances, sport-related head injuries can be even more severe, such as subdural hemorrhage, epidural hemorrhage, or malignant cerebral edema. Unlike SRCs, sport-related structural brain injury (SRSBI) is rare, may require neurosurgical intervention, and can lead to permanent neurologic deficit or death. Data characterizing SRSBI is limited and many have recognized the need to better understand these catastrophic brain injuries...
July 20, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735694/depression-and-violence-in-adolescence-and-young-adults-findings-from-three-longitudinal-cohorts
#12
Rongqin Yu, Mikko Aaltonen, Susan Branje, Tiina Ristikari, Wim Meeus, Katariina Salmela-Aro, Guy M Goodwin, Seena Fazel
OBJECTIVE: Despite recent research demonstrating associations between violence and depression in adults, links in adolescents are uncertain. This study aims to assess the longitudinal associations between young people's depression and later violent outcomes. METHOD: We used data from three cohorts with different measurements of depression exposures and subsequent violent outcomes. In a Dutch community cohort Research on Adolescent Development And Relationships (RADAR; N = 623) and a population-based British birth cohort Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC; N = 4,030), we examined the longitudinal links between adolescent depressive symptoms and violent behaviors from age 13 to 17 years...
August 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735551/quality-of-pharmacist-managed-anticoagulation-therapy-in-long-term-ambulatory-settings-a-systematic-review
#13
Beenish S Manzoor, Wei-Han Cheng, James C Lee, Ellen M Uppuluri, Edith A Nutescu
OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review to evaluate the quality of warfarin anticoagulation control in outpatient pharmacist-managed anticoagulation services (PMAS) compared with routine medical care (RMC). DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, SCOPUS, EMBASE, IPA, CINAHL, and Cochrane CENTRAL, from inception to May 2017. Search terms employed: ("pharmacist-managed" OR "pharmacist-provided" OR "pharmacist-led" OR "pharmacist-directed") AND ("anticoagulation services" OR "anticoagulation clinic" OR "anticoagulation management" OR "anticoagulant care") AND ("quality of care" OR "outcomes" OR "bleeding" OR "thromboembolism" OR "mortality" OR "hospitalization" OR "length of stay" OR "emergency department visit" OR "cost" OR "patient satisfaction")...
July 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735123/surgery-for-cerebellar-hemorrhage-a-nsqip-database-analysis-of-patient-outcomes-and-factors-associated-with-30-day-mortality-and-prolonged-ventilation
#14
Gregory D Arnone, Darian R Esfahani, Matt Wonais, Prateek Kumar, Justin K Scheer, Ali Alaraj, Sepideh Amin-Hanjani, Fady T Charbel, Ankit I Mehta
OBJECTIVE: Primary cerebellar hemorrhage accounts for 10% of all intracranial hemorrhages. Given the confined space of the posterior fossa, cerebellar hemorrhage management sometimes necessitates suboccipital decompression and hematoma evacuation. In this study, we examine outcomes following surgery for primary cerebellar hemorrhage, and identify risk factors associated with adverse outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective review of the 2005-2014 ACS-NSQIP database was performed, with CPT Code 61315 (suboccipital craniectomy or craniotomy for evacuation of cerebellar hemorrhage) queried between 2005 and 2014...
July 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734909/prognostic-value-of-exercise-stress-echocardiography-in-asymptomatic-patients-with-aortic-valve-stenosis
#15
Coppelia Goublaire, Maria Melissopoulou, David Lobo, Naozumi Kubota, Constance Verdonk, Claire Cimadevilla, Isabelle Codogno, Eric Brochet, Alec Vahanian, David Messika-Zeitoun
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate the prognostic value of mean pressure gradient (MPG) increase and peak systolic pulmonary artery pressure (SPAP) measured during exercise stress echocardiography in asymptomatic patients with aortic stenosis (AS). BACKGROUND: Exercise testing is recommended in asymptomatic AS patients, but the additional value of exercise-stress echocardiography, especially the prognostic value of MPG increase and peak SPAP, is still debated...
July 13, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734773/epico-4-0-total-quality-in-the-management-of-invasive-candidiasis-in-critically-ill-patients-by-analysing-the-integrated-process
#16
Rafael Zaragoza, Ricard Ferrer, Pedro Llinares, Emilio Maseda, Alejandro Rodríguez, Santiago Grau, Guillermo Quindós
BACKGROUND: A high quality integrated process in the clinical setting of non-neutropenic critically ill patients at risk for invasive candidiasis is a necessary tool to improve the management of these patients. AIMS: To identify the key points on invasive candidiasis in order to develop a set of recommendations with a high level of consensus required for the creation of a total quality integrated process for the management of non-neutropenic critically ill patients at risk of invasive candidiasis...
July 19, 2017: Revista Iberoamericana de Micología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734149/discharge-management-strategies-and-post-discharge-care-interventions-for-depression-systematic%C3%A2-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
F Holzinger, S Fahrenkrog, S Roll, F Kleefeld, M Adli, C Heintze
BACKGROUND: Patients with depression require treatment continuity when discharged from inpatient care. Interventions aimed at optimizing transition into outpatient care may be effective in preventing symptom deterioration and readmission. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of care transition interventions for patients with depression after psychiatric hospitalization. METHODS: Systematic review and random-effects meta-analysis of controlled trials. Primary outcomes were readmissions and symptoms of depression...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733859/the-past-and-future-in-understanding-the-health-risks-of-and-responses-to-climate-variability-and-change
#18
Kristie L Ebi, Jeremy J Hess
Climate change and health was established as a formal field of endeavor in the early 1990s, with the number of publications increasing since the mid-2000s. The key findings in assessment reports from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change in 1995, 2001, 2007, and 2014 indicate the progress in understanding the magnitude and pattern of the health risks of a changing climate. The assessments maintained a similar structure, focusing on assessing the state of knowledge of individual climate-sensitive health outcomes, with confidence in the key findings tending to increase over time with greater understanding...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733716/osteosarcopenia-where-bone-muscle-and-fat-collide
#19
REVIEW
H P Hirschfeld, R Kinsella, G Duque
As the world's population ages, the prevalence of chronic diseases increases. Sarcopenia and osteoporosis are two conditions that are associated with aging, with similar risk factors that include genetics, endocrine function, and mechanical factors. Additionally, bone and muscle closely interact with each other not only anatomically, but also chemically and metabolically. Fat infiltration, a phenomenon observed in age-related bone and muscle loss, is highly prevalent and more severe in sarcopenic and osteoporotic subjects...
July 22, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733607/two-year-follow-up-of-vascular-events-in-peripheral-arterial-disease-treated-with-antiplatelet-agents-a-prospective-observational-multicenter-cohort-study-season
#20
Yukihito Higashi, Tetsuro Miyata, Hiroshi Shigematsu, Hideki Origasa, Masatoshi Fujita, Hiroshi Matsuo, Hiroaki Naritomi, Hiroaki Matsuda, Masahide Nakajima, Hideto Awano
The present analysis was intended to evaluate the real-world management of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in Asia, and to explore cardiovascular events in patients with PAD undergoing antiplatelet therapy over 2 years of follow-up. The Surveillance of cardiovascular Events in Antiplatelet-treated arteriosclerosis Obliterans patients in JapaN (SEASON) registry is a prospective observational multicenter study of cardiovascular events in antiplatelet-treated patients with PAD in Japan. The SEASON registry included 11,375 patients who were scheduled to receive treatment for PAD...
July 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
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