keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pineal

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724215/melatonin-inhibits-proliferation-and-invasion-via-repression-of-mirna-155-in-glioma-cells
#1
Junyi Gu, Zhongsheng Lu, Chenghong Ji, Yuchao Chen, Yuzhao Liu, Zhe Lei, Longqiang Wang, Hong-Tao Zhang, Xiangdong Li
Melatonin, an indolamine mostly synthesized in the pineal gland, exerts the anti-cancer effect by various mechanisms in glioma cells. Our previous study showed that miR-155 promoted glioma cell proliferation and invasion. However, the question of whether melatonin may inhibit glioma by regulating miRNAs has not yet been addressed. In this study, we found that melatonin (100μM, 1μM and 1nM) significantly inhibited the expression of miR-155 in human glioma cell lines U87, U373 and U251. Especially, the lowest expression of miR-155 was detected in 1μM melatonin-treated glioma cells...
July 14, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721827/melatonin-as-pleiotropic-molecule-with-therapeutic-potential-for-type-2-diabetes-and-cancer
#2
Marzena Wojcik, Michal Krawczyk, Pawel Wojcik, Katarzyna Cypryk, Lucyna Alicja Wozniak
The incidence both of diabetes, particularly type 2 (T2DM), and cancer is increasing worldwide, making these diseases growing global health problem along with increasing healthcare expenditures. The current therapeutic approach for the treatment of these multifactorial diseases is far from satisfactory. Therefore, there is still considerable interest in searching new therapeutic strategies with the use of both natural and synthetic compounds exhibiting higher efficiency and lower toxicity compared to medicines used currently in clinical practice...
July 18, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719464/nuclear-crx-and-foxj1-expression-differentiates-non-germ-cell-pineal-region-tumors-and-supports-the-ependymal-differentiation-of-papillary-tumor-of-the-pineal-region
#3
Shannon Coy, Adrian M Dubuc, Sonika Dahiya, Keith L Ligon, Alexandre Vasiljevic, Sandro Santagata
Papillary tumor of the pineal region (PTPR) is a neuroepithelial neoplasm first described in 2003. Despite the anatomic association of PTPR with the pineal gland, the features of these tumors resemble those of the ependymal circumventricular subcommissural organ (SCO) of the posterior third ventricle. Given the presumed distinct derivation of PTPR and pineal parenchymal tumors, we hypothesized that expression of lineage-specific transcription factors could distinguish these tumors and provide additional insight into the differentiation of PTPR...
July 17, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716942/maternal-photoperiod-programs-hypothalamic-thyroid-status-via-the-fetal-pituitary-gland
#4
Cristina Sáenz de Miera, Béatrice Bothorel, Catherine Jaeger, Valérie Simonneaux, David Hazlerigg
In wild mammals, offspring development must anticipate forthcoming metabolic demands and opportunities. Within species, different developmental strategies may be used, dependent on when in the year conception takes place. This phenotypic flexibility is initiated before birth and is linked to the pattern of day length (photoperiod) exposure experienced by the mother during pregnancy. This programming depends on transplacental communication via the pineal hormone melatonin. Here, we show that, in the Siberian hamster (Phodopus sungorus), the programming effect of melatonin is mediated by the pars tuberalis (PT) of the fetal pituitary gland, before the fetal circadian system and autonomous melatonin production is established...
July 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711530/pitfalls-of-a-neuroendoscopic-biopsy-of-intraventricular-germ-cell-tumors
#5
Yasuyuki Kinoshita, Fumiyuki Yamasaki, Atsushi Tominaga, Taiichi Saito, Tetsuhiko Sakoguchi, Takeshi Takayasu, Satoshi Usui, Kazuhiko Sugiyama, Kazunori Arita, Kaoru Kurisu
OBJECTIVE: A neuroendoscopic biopsy has become common for the diagnosis of ventricular tumors. However, its utility in patients with germ cell tumors (GCTs) has not been well discussed. We examined the usefulness and pitfalls of neuroendoscopic biopsies of intraventricular GCTs at a single institution. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 21 consecutive patients diagnosed with GCT by a neuroendoscopic biopsy of the ventricular region via the lateral ventricle. We examined the localization of tumors, histological diagnoses using biopsies, surgical complications, and consistency of the diagnosis at the latest follow-up...
July 12, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708271/melatonin-protects-against-the-pathological-cardiac-hypertrophy-induced-by-transverse-aortic-constriction-through-activating-pgc-1%C3%AE-in-vivo-and-in-vitro-studies
#6
Mengen Zhai, Zhenhua Liu, Bin Zhang, Lin Jing, Buying Li, Kaifeng Li, Xiuju Chen, Meng Zhang, Bo Yu, Kai Ren, Yang Yang, Wei Yi, Jian Yang, Jincheng Liu, Dinghua Yi, Hongliang Liang, Zhenxiao Jin, Russel J Reiter, Weixun Duan, Shiqiang Yu
Melatonin, a circadian molecule secreted by the pineal gland, confers a protective role against cardiac hypertrophy induced by hyperthyroidism, chronic hypoxia and isoproterenol. However, its role against pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy and the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. In this study, we investigated the pharmacological effects of melatonin on pathological cardiac hypertrophy induced by transverse aortic constriction (TAC). Male C57BL/6 mice underwent TAC or sham surgery at day 0 and were then treated with melatonin (20 mg/kg/day, via drinking water) for 4 or 8 weeks...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Pineal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707298/melatonin-receptors-molecular-pharmacology-and-signaling-in-the-context-of-system-bias
#7
REVIEW
Erika Cecon, Atsuro Oishi, Ralf Jockers
Melatonin, N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine, an evolutionally old molecule, is produced by the pineal gland in vertebrates and it binds with high affinity to melatonin receptors, which are members of the G protein-coupled receptor family. Among the multiple effects attributed to melatonin we will focus here on those that are dependent on the activation of the two mammalian MT1 and MT2 melatonin receptors. We briefly summarize the latest developments on synthetic melatonin receptor ligands, including multi-target-directed ligands, and the characterization of signaling-biased ligands...
July 13, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704075/arecoline-cannot-alter-testicular-dysfunction-and-pineal-activation-caused-by-noise-in-wistar-rat
#8
Indraneel Saha, Aniruddha Chatterjee, Urmi Chatterji, B R Maiti
Millions of people consume betel nut for increased capacity to work and for stress reduction. The nut contains arecoline, which has multiple side effects on endocrine functions. Objective of the work is to investigate pineal-testicular responses to noise and after arecoline treatment in noise in rats. Noise exposure (100 dB, 6 h daily, 10 days) caused pineal stimulation ultrastructurally and at indoleamines level. Leydig cell dysfunction with fall of testosterone level and suppression of sex accessories were noticed...
July 13, 2017: Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702847/is-surgery-for-pineal-cysts-safe-and-effective-short-review
#9
REVIEW
Martin Májovský, David Netuka, Vladimír Beneš
In this short review, the authors performed a database search and summarize current knowledge of the management of patients with pineal cysts (PCs) and investigate the role of surgical treatment. The scientific literature on the surgical treatment of PCs is sparse and encompasses only case series with little over 200 operated patients combined. All included papers reported favorable results after pineal cyst surgery with improvement of symptoms in most patients. Microsurgical resection of PCs, preferably using the supracerebellar-infratentorial approach, could be considered as a viable treatment option in symptomatic patients...
July 12, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694154/short-photoperiod-reverses-obesity-in-siberian-hamsters-via-sympathetically-induced-lipolysis-and-browning-in-adipose-tissue
#10
REVIEW
Vitaly Ryu, Eleen Zarebidaki, H Elliott Albers, Bingzhong Xue, Timothy J Bartness
Changes in photoperiod length are transduced into neuroendocrine signals by melatonin (MEL) secreted by the pineal gland triggering seasonally adaptive responses in many animal species. Siberian hamsters, transferred from a long-day 'summer-like' photoperiod (LD) to a short-day 'winter-like' photoperiod (SD), exhibit a naturally-occurring reversal in obesity. Photoperiod-induced changes in adiposity are mediated by the duration of MEL secretion and can be mimicked by exogenously administered MEL into animals housed in LD...
July 7, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693284/%C3%AE-human-chorionic-gonadotropin-secreting-intracranial-germ-cell-tumor-associated-with-high-testosterone-in-an-adult-man-a-case-report
#11
Wen-Ping Yang, Hung-Yu Chien, Yi-Chun Lin
A 38-year-old male patient presented with general weakness, polydipsia and a body weight loss of 10 kg in two years. Hypopituitarism with central hypothyroidism and central adrenal insufficiency were noted at Taipei City Hospital (Taipei, Taiwan). However, hypogonadotropic hypergonadism was also observed. The patient was diagnosed with an intracranial β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) secreting germ-cell tumor, and brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed that the tumor involved the pineal gland, stalk, posterior pituitary gland, right basal ganglion, hypothalamus, corpus callosum and posterior hippocampus...
July 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690962/supracerebellar-infratentorial-endoscopic-and-endoscopic-assisted-approaches-to-pineal-lesions-technical-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
Rita Snyder, Daniel R Felbaum, Walter C Jean, Amjad Anaizi
The pineal gland has a deep central location, making it a surgeon's no man's land. Surgical pathology within this territory presents a unique challenge and an opportunity for employment of various surgical techniques. In modern times, the microsurgical technique has been competing with the endoscope for achieving superior surgical results. We describe two cases utilizing a purely endoscopic and an endoscopic-assisted supracerebellar infratentorial approach in accessing lesions of the pineal gland. We also discuss our early learning experience with these approaches...
June 9, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690948/pineal-gland-agenesis-review-and-case-illustration
#13
Marcus A Cox, Michele Davis, Vlad Voin, Mohammadali Shoja, Rod J Oskouian, Marios Loukas, R Shane Tubbs
Agenesis of the pineal gland has rarely been reported in the medical literature. Herein, we report a cadaveric specimen found to have agenesis of the pineal gland. The remaining gross examination of the brain was normal. A review of the literature was performed on this unusual finding.
June 5, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676785/atypical-teratoid-rhabdoid-tumor-two-case-reports-and-an-analysis-of-adult-cases-with-implications-for-pathophysiology-and-treatment
#14
Christopher Dardis, Jared Yeo, Kelly Milton, Lynn S Ashby, Kris A Smith, Shwetal Mehta, Emad Youssef, Jenny Eschbacher, Kathy Tucker, Laughlin Dawes, Neil Lambie, Elizabeth Algar, Elizabeth Hovey
We present the first quantitative analysis of atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumors (ATRT) in adults, including two patients from our own institutions. These are of interest as one occurred during pregnancy and one is a long-term survivor. Our review of pathological findings of 50 reported cases of adult ATRT leads us to propose a solely ectodermal origin for the tumor and that epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a defining feature. Thus, the term ATRT may be misleading. Our review of clinical findings shows that ATRT tends to originate in mid-line structures adjacent to the CSF, leading to a high rate of leptomeningeal dissemination...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676563/melatonin-mediates-vasodilation-through-both-direct-and-indirect-activation-of-bkca-channels
#15
Tengteng Zhao, Huirong Zhang, Cheng Jin, Fang Qiu, Ying Wu, Lijun Shi
Melatonin, synthesized primarily by the pineal gland, is a neuroendocrine hormone with high membrane permeability. The vascular effects of melatonin, including vasoconstriction and vasodilation, have been demonstrated in numerous studies. However, the mechanisms underlying these effects are not fully understood. Large-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ (BKCa) channels are expressed broadly on smooth muscle cells and play an important role in vascular tone regulation. The present study explored the mechanisms of myocyte BKCa channels and endothelial factors underlying the action of melatonin on the mesenteric arteries (MAs)...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Molecular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675567/a-modulatory-role-of-the-rax-homeobox-gene-in-mature-pineal-gland-function-investigating-the-photoneuroendocrine-circadian-system-of-a-rax-conditional-knockout-mouse
#16
Kristian Rohde, Tenna Bering, Takahisa Furukawa, Martin Fredensborg Rath
The retinal and anterior neural fold homeobox gene (Rax) controls development of the eye and the forebrain. Postnatal expression of Rax in the brain is restricted to the pineal gland, a forebrain structure devoted to melatonin synthesis. The role of Rax in pineal function is unknown. In order to investigate the role of Rax in pineal function while circumventing forebrain abnormalities of the global Rax knockout, we generated an eye and pineal-specific Rax conditional knockout mouse. Deletion of Rax in the pineal gland did not affect morphology of the gland, suggesting that Rax is not essential for pineal gland development...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673588/biological-functions-of-melatonin-in-relation-to-pathogenesis-of-oral-lichen-planus
#17
Ponlatham Chaiyarit, Kirawut Luengtrakoon, Worraned Wannakasemsuk, Vilasinee Vichitrananda, Poramaporn Klanrit, Doosadee Hormdee, Rajda Noisombut
Oral lichen planus (OLP) is considered as a chronic inflammatory immune-mediated disease causing oral mucosal damage and ulcerations. Accumulated data support the involvement of cell-mediated immune dysfunction in the development of OLP. However, the connection between neuroendocrine system and oral immune response in OLP patients has never been clarified. Melatonin is considered as a major chronobiotic hormone produced mainly by the pineal gland. This gland is recognized as a regulator of circadian rhythm and a sensor in the immune response through the NF-kB transduction pathway...
July 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664024/neuroendoscopy-via-an-extremely-narrow-foramen-of-monro-a-case-report
#18
Alhusain Nagm, Toshihiro Ogiwara, Tetsuya Goto, Akihiro Chiba, Kazuhiro Hongo
Herein, safe and reliable neuroendoscopic biopsy via an extremely narrow foramen of Monro (ENFM) for a non-hydrocephalic patient with hypothalamic and pineal region tumors was successfully applied. A 17-year-old boy presented with hypothalamic manifestations attributed to hypothalamic and pineal region tumors. Small ventricles were seen. Intraoperatively, to advance different diameter steerable fiberscopes via ENFM, the third ventricle was flushed to induce a moment increase in the intraventricular pressure with subsequent dilatation of FM...
January 2017: NMC Case Rep J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660318/reduced-volume-radiotherapy-for-patients-with-localized-intracranial-nongerminoma-germ-cell-tumors
#19
Brian De, Oren Cahlon, Ira J Dunkel, Kevin C De Braganca, Yasmin Khakoo, Stephen W Gilheeney, Mark M Souweidane, Suzanne L Wolden
Craniospinal irradiation is standard radiotherapy (RT) for localized intracranial nongerminoma germ cell tumors (NGGCT). Given its toxicity, there is interest in using smaller fields. We examined outcomes of NGGCT patients receiving reduced-volume RT at a single institution. Records of 16 patients who received reduced-volume RT as part of definitive treatment between 1996 and 2016 were reviewed. Median age at presentation was 10.8 years (range 4.6-41.0 years). Ten patients had pineal tumors and 6 had suprasellar tumors...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660172/pineal-region-glioblastoma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
Hayley Beacher Stowe, C Ryan Miller, Jing Wu, Dina M Randazzo, Andrew Wenhua Ju
INTRODUCTION: Pineal region glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a rare disease entity with a generally poor prognosis. We present a case of a patient with an unresectable pineal region GBM treated with chemoradiation with favorable outcome. CASE BACKGROUND: A 65-year-old patient who was presented with visual symptoms was found to have a pineal region tumor on imaging. A stereotactic biopsy showed a World Health Organization Grade IV GBM, O-6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) promoter methylated, isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 and 2 wild type...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
keyword
keyword
49758
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"