keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Board review

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144164/correlation-between-obesity-and-fat-infiltrated-axillary-lymph-nodes-visualized-on-mammography
#1
Roberta Maria M diFlorio Alexander, Steffen J Haider, Todd MacKenzie, Martha E Goodrich, Julie Weiss, Tracy Onega
OBJECTIVE: Using screening mammography, this study investigated the association between obesity and axillary lymph node (LN) size and morphology. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of 188 women who underwent screening mammography at an academic medical center. Length and width of the LN and hilum were measured in the largest, mammographically visible axillary node. The hilo-cortical ratio (HCR) was calculated as the hilar width divided by the cortical width...
November 16, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143363/utility-of-shear-wave-elastography-for-assessing-allograft-fibrosis-in-renal-transplant-recipients-a-pilot-study
#2
Heather M Early, Ellen C Cheang, Jorge M Aguilera, Jonah S W Hirschbein, Ghaneh Fananapazir, Machelle D Wilson, John P McGahan
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the utility of ultrasound-based shear wave elastography (SWE) as a noninvasive method to accurately detect and potentially stage the severity of renal allograft fibrosis and assess its user reproducibility. METHODS: In this Institutional Review Board-approved, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act-compliant prospective study, 70 renal transplant recipients underwent an SWE evaluation of their allograft followed directly by biopsy...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142866/inferior-alveolar-nerve-cutting-legal-liability-versus-desired-patient-outcomes
#3
Soung Min Kim, Jong Ho Lee
Objectives: Mandibular angle reduction or reduction genioplasty is a routine well-known facial contouring surgery that reduces the width of the lower face resulting in an oval shaped face. During the intraoral resection of the mandibular angle or chin using an oscillating saw, unexpected peripheral nerve damage including inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) damage could occur. This study analyzed cases of damaged IANs during facial contouring surgery, and asked what the basic standard of care in these medical litigation-involved cases should be...
October 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142487/preliminary-investigations-showing-venous-thromboembolism-recurrence-in-patients-with-residual-venous-obstruction-in-singaporean-population
#4
Ashish Anil Sule, Chaozer Er, Claudia Y X Chong, Han Xin Chin, Tay Jam Chin
This study aims to determine the association of residual venous obstruction (RVO) with recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE). A retrospective cohort study was conducted determining if RVO on ultrasonography is associated with recurrent VTE in a Singaporean population. The subjects were identified from the Vascular Diagnostic Laboratory patients' record of Tan Tock Seng Hospital (TTSH), Singapore between 2008 and 2013. All the patients included had RVO after 3 months of anticoagulation. Data such as age, gender, race, thrombus location, etiology, history of malignancy, thrombophilia screen, treatment duration, and follow-up were recorded for analysis...
December 2017: International Journal of Angiology: Official Publication of the International College of Angiology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142152/indirect-proton-mr-imaging-and-kinetic-analysis-of-17-o-labeled-water-tracer-in-the-brain
#5
Kohsuke Kudo, Taisuke Harada, Hiroyuki Kameda, Ikuko Uwano, Fumio Yamashita, Satomi Higuchi, Kunihiro Yoshioka, Makoto Sasaki
PURPOSE: The feasibility of steady-state sequences for (17)O imaging was evaluated based on a kinetic analysis of the brain parenchyma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The institutional review board approved this prospective study with written informed consent. Dynamic 2D or 3D steady-state sequences were performed in five and nine participants, respectively, with different parameters using a 3T scanner. During two consecutive dynamic scans, saline was intravenously administered for control purposes in the first scan, and 20% (17)O-labeled water (1 mL/Kg) was administered in the second scan...
November 16, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences: MRMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141441/correlation-between-heart-size-and-emphysema-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-ct-based-analysis-using-inspiratory-and-expiratory-scans
#6
Hayato Tomita, Tsuneo Yamashiro, Shin Matsuoka, Shoichiro Matsushita, Yasuo Nakajima
The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between the extent of emphysema and heart size in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) using inspiratory and expiratory chest computed tomography (CT). This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board and informed consent was waived. We measured lung volume (LV), low attenuation area percent (%LAA; less than or equal to -950 HU), maximum cardiac area, and maximum transverse cardiac diameter on inspiratory/expiratory chest CT in 60 patients with COPD...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138201/effect-of-iron-and-zinc-biofortified-pearl-millet-consumption-on-growth-and-immune-competence-in-children-aged-12-18-months-in-india-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Saurabh Mehta, Julia L Finkelstein, Sudha Venkatramanan, Samantha L Huey, Shobha A Udipi, Padmini Ghugre, Caleb Ruth, Richard L Canfield, Anura V Kurpad, Ramesh D Potdar, Jere D Haas
INTRODUCTION: Biofortified crops represent a sustainable agricultural solution for the widespread micronutrient malnutrition in India and other resource-limited settings. This study aims to investigate the effect of the consumption of foods prepared with iron- and zinc-biofortified pearl millet (FeZn-PM) by children on biomarkers of iron and zinc status, growth, and immune function. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will conduct a randomised controlled feeding trial in identified slums of Mumbai, India among 200 children aged between 12 and 18 months...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137638/virus-triggered-exacerbation-in-allergic-asthmatic-children-neutrophilic-airway-inflammation-and-alteration-of-virus-sensors-characterize-a-subgroup-of-patients
#8
Antoine Deschildre, Muriel Pichavant, Ilka Engelmann, Carole Langlois, Elodie Drumez, Guillaume Pouessel, Sophie Boileau, David Romero-Cubero, Irina Decleyre-Badiu, Anny Dewilde, Didier Hober, Véronique Néve, Caroline Thumerelle, Stéphanie Lejeune, Clémence Mordacq, Philippe Gosset
BACKGROUND: Viruses are important triggers of asthma exacerbations. They are also detected outside of exacerbation. Alteration of anti-viral response in asthmatic patients has been shown although the mechanisms responsible for this defect remain unclear. The objective of this study was to compare in virus-infected and not-infected allergic asthmatic children, aged 6 to 16 years, admitted to hospital for a severe exacerbation, the innate immune response and especially the expression of pattern recognition receptor (PRR) and their function...
November 14, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137466/evaluation-of-extremity-injuries-presented-to-emergency-department
#9
Ali Karakus, Guven Kuvandik, Ezgi Atalay
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to review cases with firearms injury of extremities presented to our hospital. METHODS: After approval by Institutional Board, electronic database was retrospectively screened for firearms injury of extremities between 2012 and 2015. Overall, 600 cases with firearms injury of extremities were included in the study. Cases were assessed for demographic and clinical characteristics, Mangled extremity severity score (MESS), Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), costs and outcomes...
October 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137071/a-comparative-study-of-biological-and-metabolic-biomarkers-between-healthy-individuals-and-patients-with-acne-vulgaris-a-cross-sectional-study-protocol
#10
Kyuseok Kim, Injin Ha, Eunok Kim, Kyunglee Kim
Acne is a multifactorial dermatosis, which is influenced not only by hormones but also by the biochemical relationship between them and the pilosebaceous unit. Inflammatory cytokines, chemokines, active oxygen, and zinc are known to be associated with the development of acne. Further, steroid metabolism is known as one of the important factors related to sebum secretion and comedone formation in acne. However, there is a lack of studies comparing these human biomarkers between healthy individuals and patients with acne...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135716/high-stakes-testing-in-nursing-education-a-review-of-the-literature
#11
Jamie Hunsicker, Tara Chitwood
In an aim to improve first-time NCLEX-RN pass rates, some nursing programs have instituted high-stakes testing. This literature review investigated nursing faculty understanding of and student experiences with high-stakes testing. High-stakes testing is an assessment used to make decisions about student progression or completion of a nursing program. The literature revealed both negative and positive consequences associated with high-stakes testing. Literature from state boards of nursing and professional nursing organizations was also reviewed for recommendations...
November 13, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134167/postoperative-imaging-findings-associated-with-transpalpebral-craniotomy-approach-to-anterior-cranial-fossa
#12
Dennis Monks, Allison Weyer, Peter Thurlow, Khaled Aziz, Erik Happ, Michael Goldberg
Background and Purpose  The transpalpebral "eyelid" approach is a novel alternative to the traditional ciliary or supraciliary incision for supraorbital frontal craniotomy and access to the anterior cranial fossa. Though a prior publication from our institution has described the surgical approach in detail along with cosmetic and clinical outcomes, postoperative imaging findings have not yet been described. As this surgical technique becomes more widely practiced, it is essential for neuroradiologists, oculoplastic surgeons, and skull base neurosurgeons to be familiar with the expected postoperative imaging findings, especially those that prompt subsequent intervention...
December 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134114/a-single-center-analysis-of-factors-influencing-study-start-up-timeline-in-clinical-trials
#13
Brianna M Krafcik, Gheorghe Doros, Marina A Malikova
Aim: Efficient start-up phase in clinical trials is crucial to execution. The goal was to determine factors contributing to delays. Materials & methods: The start-up milestones were assessed for 38 studies and analyzed. Results: Total start-up time was shorter for following studies: device trials, no outsourcing, fewer ancillary services used and in interventional versus observational designs. The use of a centralized Institutional Review Board (IRB) versus a local IRB reduced time to approval...
November 2017: Future Science OA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133325/minimally-invasive-surgery-versus-open-surgery-in-the-treatment-of-lumbar-spondylolisthesis-study-protocol-of-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-misos-trial
#14
Mark P Arts, Jasper Fc Wolfs, Jos Ma Kuijlen, Godard Cw de Ruiter
INTRODUCTION: Patients with symptomatic spondylolisthesis are frequently treated with nerve root decompression, in addition to pedicle screw fixation and interbody fusion. Minimally invasive approaches are gaining attention in recent years, although there is no clear evidence supporting the proclamation of minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS) being better than open surgery. We present the design of the MISOS (Minimal Invasive Surgery versus Open Surgery) trial on the effectiveness of MISS versus open surgery in patients with degenerative or spondylolytic spondylolisthesis...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133320/effect-of-an-intensive-3-week-preoperative-home-rehabilitation-programme-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-eligible-for-lung-cancer-surgery-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Hélène Laurent, Géraud Galvaing, Emilie Thivat, Emmanuel Coudeyre, Sylvie Aubreton, Ruddy Richard, Fabrice Kwiatkowski, Frederic Costes, Marc Filaire
INTRODUCTION: Surgery is the standard curative treatment for lung cancer but is only possible in patients with local tumour and preserved exercise capacity. Improving fitness before surgery can reduce postoperative complications and mortality. However, preoperative rehabilitation remains difficult to implement for several reasons. We aim to investigate the effectiveness of an intensive 3-week home-based preoperative exercise training programme on hospital discharge ability, postoperative complications and physical performance in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who are eligible for lung cancer surgery...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133152/laparoscopic-assisted-uterus-retrieval-from-live-organ-donors-for-uterine-transplant
#16
Shailesh Puntambekar, Milind Telang, Pankaj Kulkarni, Sanjeev Jadhav, Ravindra Sathe, Neeta Warty, Seema Puntambekar, Sandesh Kade, Mangesh Panse, Nikhil Agarkhedkar, Giriraj Gandhi, Manoj Manchekar, Hirav Parekh, Kajal Parikh, Riddhi Desai, Mehul Mehta, Mihir Chitale, Sambit Nanda
OBJECTIVE: The authors present the first ever laparoscopic assisted uterus retrieval in live donor for uterus transplant. DESIGN: A step-by-step surgical demonstration SETTING: Galaxy CARE Laparoscopy Institute, Pune, India PATIENT(S): Two patients, ages 21 and 26 with Mayer Rokitansky Kuster Hauser (MRKH) syndrome and Ashermann's syndrome respectively, with their mothers as donors. INTERVENTION(S): A Twelve member team was formed. After review of available literature on uterine transplant a protocol was formulated and submitted to the IRB...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133151/laparoscopic-management-of-a-rudimentary-uterine-horn
#17
Emilie Faller, Jean Jacques Baldauf, François Becmeur, Anne Lehn, Cherif Youssef Akladios, Lise Lecointre
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate a technique of laparoscopic management of a rudimentary horn in a 12-year-old girl. DESIGN: A step-by-step explanation of the surgery using video (instructive video), approved the local institutional Review Board. SETTING: A university hospital, University Hospital of Strasbourg, France. PATIENT: A 12-year-old girl with a uterine rudimentary horn. INTERVENTION: We describe the case of a 12 years old girl who had no medical history...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130351/the-gene-therapy-resource-program-a-decade-of-dedication-to-translational-research-by-the-national-heart-lung-and-blood-institute
#18
Terence R Flotte, Eric Daniels, Janet Benson, Jenee M Bevett-Rose, Kenneth Cornetta, Margaret Diggins, Julie Johnston, Susan Sepelak, Johannes Van Der Loo, James M Wilson, Cheryl L McDonald
Over a ten-year period, the Gene Therapy Resource Program (GTRP) of the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) has provided a set of core services to investigators to facilitate the clinical translation of gene therapy. These services have included a preclinical (research-grade) vector production core; current Good Manufacturing Practice (cGMP) clinical-grade vector cores for recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) and lentivirus vectors; a pharmacology and toxicology core; and a coordinating center to manage program logistics and to provide regulatory and financial support to early phase clinical trials...
November 12, 2017: Human Gene Therapy. Clinical Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129740/survey-on-neonatal-end-of-life-comfort-care-guidelines-across-america
#19
Shelly Haug, Sara Farooqi, Christopher G Wilson, Andrew Hopper, Grace Oei, Brian Carter
CONTEXT: Infants of age < 1 year have the highest mortality rate in pediatrics. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) published guidelines for palliative care in 2013, however, significant variation persists among local protocols addressing neonatal comfort care at the end-of-life (EOL). OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate current neonatal EOL comfort care practices and clinician satisfaction across America METHODS: After Institutional Review Board approval (516005), an anonymous, electronic survey was sent to members of the AAP Section on Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129265/does-intra-tumoural-fat-on-mri-predict-visibility-of-small-%C3%A2-3-cm-hepatocellular-carcinomas-during-ultrasound-guided-tumour-ablation
#20
T C H Hui, I K H Huang, W K Lau, U Pua
AIM: To assess if intra-tumoural fat on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) affects the ultrasonographic (US) visibility of small (≤3 cm) hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) during radiofrequency ablation (RFA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional review board approval was obtained. A retrospective review of all patients who underwent image-guided ablation between 1 January 2010 and 31 April 2015 was performed. Patients with HCC who underwent US RFA were included. Inclusion criteria included small tumours (≤3 cm), treatment-naive cases or new focus of HCC in a different and untreated segment, and pre-procedural MRI...
November 10, 2017: Clinical Radiology
keyword
keyword
4975
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"