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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813234/cardiac-mr-strain-a-noninvasive-biomarker-of-fibrofatty-remodeling-of-the-left-atrial-myocardium
#1
Adrian T Huber, Jérôme Lamy, Amer Rahhal, Morgane Evin, Fabrice Atassi, Carine Defrance, Guillaume Lebreton, Karine Clément, Myriam Berthet, Richard Isnard, Pascal Leprince, Philippe Cluzel, Stéphane N Hatem, Nadjia Kachenoura, Alban Redheuil
Purpose To determine whether left atrial (LA) strain quantification with cardiac magnetic resonance (MR) imaging feature tracking is associated with the severity of LA fibrofatty myocardial remodeling at histologic analysis. Materials and Methods This prospective case-control study was approved by the institutional review board. LA strain was evaluated with cardiac MR feature tracking between January 2014 and March 2015 in 13 consecutive patients (mean age, 61 years ± 19; nine male) with mitral regurgitation in the 24 hours before mitral valve surgery and 13 age- and sex-matched healthy control subjects...
August 16, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812946/nurse-researchers-perspectives-on-research-ethics-in-china
#2
Can Gu, Man Ye, Xiaomin Wang, Min Yang, Honghong Wang, Kaveh Khoshnood
BACKGROUND: In China, research ethics is a subject of increasingly formal regulation. However, little is known about how nursing researchers understand the concept of research ethics and the ways in which they can maintain ethical standards in their work. AIM: The aim of this study is to examine nursing researchers' perspectives on research ethics in China. RESEARCH DESIGN: We conducted a descriptive qualitative study. Qualitative research methods enabled us to gain an in-depth understanding of nursing researchers' views on research ethics...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812936/investigation-of-goldmann-perimetry-in-evaluation-of-patients-for-upper-eyelid-blepharoplasty
#3
John D Pemberton, Michael Salter, Aaron Fay, Bradley Thuro, Horace Spencer, Omar Dajani
PURPOSE: To determine if preoperative Goldmann Visual Field (GVF) testing in patients with functional dermatochalasis accurately depicts the postoperative superior visual field (SVF) outcome. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was done to compare preoperative and postoperative GVF field tests in patients undergoing upper eyelid blepharoplasty for treatment of dermatochalasis. This study was conducted in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki and approved by the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences institutional review board...
August 16, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812186/the-european-board-of-interventional-radiology-examination-a-cross-sectional-web-based-survey
#4
Emma Tong, Muirne Spooner, Otto Van Delden, Raman Uberoi, Mark Sheehan, Damien C O'Neill, Michael Lee
INTRODUCTION: The Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology Society of Europe established the European Board of Interventional Radiology (EBIR) as an international examination in Interventional Radiology (IR), in 2010. The main objective of this study was to examine candidates' variables which could influence examination success. The secondary objective was to evaluate candidate feedback. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional web-based survey incorporating 30 questions which reviewed candidates' demographics; use of English language; education; and radiology training...
August 15, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812057/screening-for-syphilis-in-cases-of-suspected-gonorrhea-and-chlamydia-infections
#5
Kumara V Nibhanipudi, Kenneth Cody
Background. In all cases of suspected sexually transmitted infections (STIs), it has been routine practice to screen for syphilis with a blood sample. The incidence of syphilis seems to be lower than that of commonly screened STIs. Objective. The objective of our study was to determine whether it is cost-effective to screen for syphilis with serological testing in cases of suspected gonorrhea and chlamydia infections. Hypothesis. Our hypothesis is that it is not cost-effective to screen for syphilis in cases of presumed gonorrhea and chlamydia infections...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811985/incidence-impact-and-risk-factors-for-30-day-wound-complications-following-elective-adult-spinal-deformity-surgery
#6
Nathan J Lee, John I Shin, Parth Kothari, Jun S Kim, Dante M Leven, Jeremy Steinberger, Javier Z Guzman, Branko Skovrlj, John M Caridi, Samuel K Cho
STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence, impact, and risk factors for wound complications within 30 days following elective adult spinal deformity surgery. METHODS: Current Procedural Terminology and International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Edition, diagnosis codes were used to query the database for adults who underwent spinal deformity surgery from 2010 to 2014. Patients were separated into groups of those with and without wound complications...
August 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811355/evidence-for-updating-the-core-domain-set-of-outcome-measures-for-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-report-from-a-special-interest-group-at-omeract-2016
#7
Esi M Morgan, Meredith P Riebschleger, Jennifer Horonjeff, Alessandro Consolaro, Jane E Munro, Susan Thornhill, Timothy Beukelman, Hermine I Brunner, Emily L Creek, Julia G Harris, Daniel B Horton, Daniel J Lovell, Melissa L Mannion, Judyann C Olson, Homaira Rahimi, Maria Chiara Gallo, Serena Calandra, Angelo Ravelli, Sarah Ringold, Susan Shenoi, Jennifer Stinson, Karine Toupin-April, Vibeke Strand, Clifton O Bingham
OBJECTIVE: The current Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) Core Set was developed in 1997 to identify the outcome measures to be used in JIA clinical trials using statistical and consensus-based techniques, but without patient involvement. The importance of patient/parent input into the research process has increasingly been recognized over the years. An Outcome Measures in Rheumatology (OMERACT) JIA Core Set Working Group was formed to determine whether the outcome domains of the current core set are relevant to those involved or whether the core set domains should be revised...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810978/factors-associated-with-medical-school-entrants-interest-in-military-financial-assistance-in-exchange-for-a-service-obligation-the-michigan-state-university-college-of-human-medicine-cohort
#8
Dean G Sienko, Kathleen Oberst
INTRODUCTION: The U.S. military offers comprehensive scholarships to medical students to help offset costs in exchange for either reserve or active duty service commitments. Our goal was to describe to what degree newly admitted students to Michigan State University's College of Human Medicine were aware of and interested in these opportunities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We surveyed 176 newly admitted students at the beginning and immediately following a presentation on military medicine opportunities...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810972/when-military-fitness-standards-no-longer-apply-the-high-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-recent-air-force-retirees
#9
Marcus M Cranston, Mark W True, Jana L Wardian, Rishawn M Carriere, Tom J Sauerwein
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is strongly associated with cardiovascular disease. With MetS prevalence rates increasing in the U.S. population, prevention efforts have largely focused on diet and exercise interventions. Before retirement, military service members have met fitness requirements for at least 20 years, and have lower MetS rates compared to age-matched U.S. population controls (23.4% vs. 39.0%), which suggests a protective effect of the lifestyle associated with military service...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810970/completion-of-a-veteran-focused-civic-service-program-improves-health-and-psychosocial-outcomes-in-iraq-and-afghanistan-veterans-with-a-history-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
Karen A Lawrence, Monica M Matthieu, Emma Robertson-Blackmore
INTRODUCTION: Volunteering as a health promotion intervention is positively related to improved health and well-being in civilians and older adults. Yet, the impacts of participating in a community-based volunteering program on returning military veterans have not been studied, nor have the outcomes for veterans who have experienced a traumatic brain injury (TBI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This observational, pre-post survey examines health, psychological, and social outcomes from a cohort of post-9/11/01 veterans with (N = 67) and without a reported TBI history (N = 273) who completed a 6-month, 20-hour per week veteran-focused civic service program...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810968/self-management-strategies-for-stress-and-anxiety-used-by-nontreatment-seeking-veteran-primary-care-patients
#11
Robyn L Shepardson, Jennie Tapio, Jennifer S Funderburk
INTRODUCTION: One of the most common reasons individuals do not seek mental health treatment is a preference to manage emotional concerns on their own. Self-management refers to the strategies that individuals use on their own (i.e., without professional guidance) to manage symptoms. Little research has examined self-management for anxiety despite its potential utility as the first step in a stepped care approach to primary care. The objectives of this study were to describe patients' anxiety self-management strategies, identify which types were perceived to be effective, and explore potential correlates...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810956/the-reasons-for-living-scale-military-version-assessing-protective-factors-against-suicide-in-a-military-sample
#12
Anne-Marie Deutsch, R Gregory Lande
INTRODUCTION: Military suicide rates have been rising over the past decade and continue to challenge military treatment facilities. Assessing suicide risk and improving treatments are a large part of the mission for clinicians who work with uniformed service members. This study attempts to expand the toolkit of military suicide prevention by focusing on protective factors over risk factors. In 1983, Marsha Linehan published a checklist called the Reasons for Living Scale, which asked subjects to check the reasons they choose to continue living, rather than choosing suicide...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810955/embedded-mental-health-promotion-of-psychological-hygiene-within-a-submarine-squadron
#13
James Rapley, John Chin, Brian McCue, Mathew Rariden
INTRODUCTION: Psychological fitness is an important component to operational unit readiness and success. Embedding behavioral health providers can reduce unplanned personnel losses (UPL) as a result of psychological stress. The U.S. Submarine Forces implemented the Submarine Squadron 6 (CSS-6) Embedded Mental Health Pilot (EMHP) Program to address this type of UPL, which is classified as a Code 2 loss. The aim of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the EMHP Program at reducing UPL by improving psychological readiness through expedited access to care...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810039/distinguishing-white-dot-syndromes-with-patterns-of-choroidal-hypoperfusion-on-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#14
Jay C Wang, Inês Laíns, Lucia Sobrin, John B Miller
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To compare patterns of choroidal hypoperfusion in white dot syndromes (WDS) using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients with WDS were imaged with either the Zeiss AngioPlex OCT Angiography (Carl Zeiss AG, Oberkochen, Germany) or the AngioVue OCT Angiography (Optovue, Fremont, CA) from February to November 2016. Four patients with acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy (APMPPE), birdshot chorioretinopathy (BCR), presumed ocular histoplasmosis syndrome (POHS), and multiple evanescent white dot syndrome (MEWDS) were selected...
August 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809991/treatment-of-inverse-intertriginous-psoriasis-updated-guidelines-from-the-medical-board-of-the-national-psoriasis-foundation
#15
Hasan Khosravi, Michael P Siegel, Abby S Van Voorhees, Joseph F Merola
<p>Inverse or intertriginous psoriasis commonly involves skin fold areas including the axillae, perianal skin, intergluteal cleft, inframammary, genital/inguinal, abdominal, and retroauricular folds. After reviewing the literature for new treatments, a task force was convened to update a consensus on inverse psoriasis therapy. Short-term treatment continues to be low-potency topical steroids. In order to avoid steroid-induced adverse effects, long-term therapy includes topical immunomodulators, calcitriol, and calcipotriene...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809582/iodixanol-versus-iopromide-at-coronary-ct-angiography-lumen-opacification-and-effect-on-heart-rhythm-the-randomized-isocor-trial
#16
Marisa M Lubbers, Marc Kock, André Niezen, Tjebbe Galema, Marcel Kofflard, Tobias Bruning, Henriette S Kooij, Hanneke van Valen, Marcel Dijkshoorn, Ronald Booij, Anthony Padmos, Alain Vogels, Ricardo P J Budde, Koen Nieman
Purpose To show that equal coronary lumen opacification can be achieved with iso- and low-osmolar contrast media when it is injected at the same iodine delivery rate with contemporary cardiac computed tomographic (CT) protocols and to investigate the cardiovascular effect of iso-osmolar contrast media and the image quality achieved. Materials and Methods Institutional review board approval and written informed consent were obtained for the Effect of Iso-osmolar Contrast Medium on Coronary Opacification and Heart Rhythm in Coronary CT Angiography, or IsoCOR, trial...
August 15, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808584/international-spinal-cord-injury-male-sexual-function-and-female-sexual-and-reproductive-function-basic-data-sets-version-2-0
#17
Marcalee S Alexander, Peter W New, Fin Biering-Sørensen, Frederique Courtois, Giulio Del Popolo, Stacy Elliott, Carlotte Kiekens, Lawrence Vogel, Jean G Previnaire
STUDY DESIGN: Data set review and modification. OBJECTIVE: To describe modifications in the International Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) Male Sexual Function Basic Data Set Version 2.0 and the International SCI Female Sexual and Reproductive Function Basic Data Set Version 2.0. SETTING: International expert work group using on line communication. METHODS: An international team of experts was compiled to review and revise the International SCI Male Sexual Function and Female Sexual and Reproductive Function Basic Data Sets Version 1...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808040/evaluating-the-longitudinal-risk-of-social-vigilance-on-atherosclerosis-study-protocol-for-the-north-texas-heart-study
#18
John M Ruiz, Daniel J Taylor, Bert N Uchino, Timothy W Smith, Matthew Allison, Chul Ahn, Jillian J Johnson, Joshua M Smyth
INTRODUCTION: Psychosocial factors are increasingly recognised as important determinants of cardiovascular disease risk. The North Texas Heart Study aims to understand the mechanisms responsible for this association with a focus on social vigilance (ie, scanning the environment for social threats). There is also growing interest in supplementing traditional methods (eg, survey assessment of psychosocial risk paired with cross-sectional and longitudinal health outcomes) with daily or repeated momentary assessment of psychosocial factors...
August 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807750/high-resolution-simultaneous-imaging-of-intracranial-and-extracranial-arterial-wall-with-improved-cerebrospinal-fluid-suppression
#19
Lei Zhang, Na Zhang, Jun Wu, Xin Liu, Yiu-Cho Chung
PURPOSE: To develop a technique for three dimensional (3D) high resolution joint imaging of intracranial and extracranial arterial walls with improved cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) suppression and good blood suppression based on T1 weighted sampling perfection with application optimized contrast using different angle evolutions (T1w-SPACE) and to compare this technique (hereafter, iSPACE) with alternating with nutation for tailored excitation (DANTE) prepared SPACE sequence (DANTE-SPACE) for their CSF suppression performance around the mid cerebral arteries (MCA) and blood suppression at carotid arteries...
August 11, 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807747/pretreatment-3t-multiparametric-mri-staging-predicts-for-biochemical-failure-in-high-risk-prostate-cancer-treated-with-combination-high-dose-rate-brachytherapy-and-external-beam-radiotherapy
#20
John V Hegde, D Jeffrey Demanes, Darlene Veruttipong, Jagdeep Raince, Sang-June Park, Steven S Raman, Nicholas G Nickols, Christopher R King, Amar U Kishan, Michael L Steinberg, Mitchell Kamrava
PURPOSE: To determine whether pretreatment 3T multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) staging impacts biochemical recurrence-free survival (BRFS) or distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) for men with high-risk prostate cancer treated with combination high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy and external beam radiation therapy (EBRT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This institutional review board-approved retrospective study included a cohort of 37 men with high-risk prostate cancer treated with HDR brachytherapy and EBRT after 3T mpMRI...
August 11, 2017: Brachytherapy
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