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assisted clinical documentation

Steffani R Bailey, Victor J Stevens, Stephen P Fortmann, Stephen E Kurtz, Mary Ann McBurnie, Elisa Priest, Jon Puro, Leif I Solberg, Rebecca Schweitzer, Andrew L Masica, Brian Hazlehurst
PURPOSE: To test the association between repeated clinical smoking cessation support and long-term cessation. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational cohort study using structured and free-text data from electronic health records. SETTING: Six diverse health systems in the United States. PARTICIPANTS: Patients aged ≥18 years who were smokers in 2007 and had ≥1 primary care visit in each of the following 4 years (N = 33 691)...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Ryan Tewell, Lisa Edgerton, Elizabeth Kyle
PURPOSE: A program at a family medicine clinic to provide naloxone prescriptions in conjunction with education on naloxone use and opioid hazards to patients at risk for opioid overdose is described. SUMMARY: Consistent with a 2016 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guideline on opioid prescribing for chronic pain, a family medicine clinic implemented updated controlled substance agreements and medical record templates for documentation of pain management visits and established a pharmacist-led naloxone clinic...
March 15, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
Su-E Kuo, Hui-San Lai, Jen-Ming Hsu, Yao-Chang Yu, Dong-Zhe Zheng, Ting-Wei Hou
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Traditional nutrition evaluations not only require the use of numerous tables and lists to provide sufficient recommendations for patients' diets but are also very time-consuming due to cross-referencing and calculations. METHODS: To personalize patient assessments, this study implemented a Clinical Nutritional Information System (CNIS) to help hospital dietitians perform their daily work more effectively in terms of time management and paper work...
March 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
Martin Wagner, Benjamin Friedrich Berthold Mayer, Sebastian Bodenstedt, Katherine Stemmer, Arash Fereydooni, Stefanie Speidel, Rüdiger Dillmann, Felix Nickel, Lars Fischer, Hannes Götz Kenngott
BACKGROUND: This study aimed at developing and evaluating a tool for computer-assisted 3D bowel length measurement (BMS) to improve objective measurement in minimally invasive surgery. Standardization and quality of surgery as well as its documentation are currently limited by lack of objective intraoperative measurements. To solve this problem, we developed BMS as a clinical application of Quantitative Laparoscopy (QL). METHODS: BMS processes images from a conventional 3D laparoscope...
March 5, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Tilo Burkhardt, Roland Zimmermann
The correct placement of the vacuum cup is essential to reduce both maternal and neonatal morbidity after a vacuum-assisted vaginal delivery. Therefore, a checklist based report with all relevant clinical findings and a photo of the infant's head with the location of vacuum tag was introduced to make the exact application of the cup reproducible for. training/instruction purpose.
February 2018: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
Matthew A Bolt, Luralyn M Helming, Nathan L Tintle
Background: In 1986, Reactor 4 of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant near Pripyat, Ukraine exploded, releasing highly-radioactive materials into the surrounding environment. Although the physical effects of the disaster have been well-documented, a limited amount of research has been conducted on association of the disaster with long-term, clinically-diagnosable mental health disorders. According to the diathesis-stress model, the stress of potential and unknown exposure to radioactive materials and the ensuing changes to ones life or environment due to the disaster might lead those with previous vulnerabilities to fall into a poor state of mental health...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Robert J Stachler, David O Francis, Seth R Schwartz, Cecelia C Damask, German P Digoy, Helene J Krouse, Scott J McCoy, Daniel R Ouellette, Rita R Patel, Charles Charlie W Reavis, Libby J Smith, Marshall Smith, Steven W Strode, Peak Woo, Lorraine C Nnacheta
Objective This guideline provides evidence-based recommendations on treating patients who present with dysphonia, which is characterized by altered vocal quality, pitch, loudness, or vocal effort that impairs communication and/or quality of life. Dysphonia affects nearly one-third of the population at some point in its life. This guideline applies to all age groups evaluated in a setting where dysphonia would be identified or managed. It is intended for all clinicians who are likely to diagnose and treat patients with dysphonia...
March 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Alexandra Macmillan, Joseph Lopez, Gerhard S Mundinger, Melanie Major, Miguel A Medina, Amir H Dorafshar
BACKGROUND: Late treatment of scaphocephaly presents challenges including need for more complex surgery to achieve desired head shape. Virtual surgical planning for total vault reconstruction may mitigate some of these challenges, but has not been studied in this unique and complex clinical setting. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted for patients with scaphocephaly who presented to our institution between 2000 and 2014. Patients presenting aged 12 months or older who underwent virtual surgical planning-assisted cranial vault reconstruction were included...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Sean J Belouin, Jack E Henningfield
The purpose of this commentary is to provide an introduction to this special issue of Neuropharmacology with a historical perspective of psychedelic drug research, their use in psychiatric disorders, research-restricting regulatory controls, and their recent emergence as potential breakthrough therapies for several brain-related disorders. It begins with the discovery of lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) and its promising development as a treatment for several types of mental illnesses during the 1940s. This was followed by its abuse and stigmatization in the 1960s that ultimately led to the placement of LSD and other psychedelic drugs into the most restrictively regulated drug schedule of the United States Controlled Substances Act (Schedule I) in 1970 and its international counterparts...
February 21, 2018: Neuropharmacology
L Lewis Wall
OBJECTIVES: To review the historical background surrounding the early work of Dr. J. Marion Sims, who developed the first consistently successful surgical technique for the repair of obstetric vesicovaginal fistulas by operating on a group of young, enslaved, African American women who had this condition between 1846 and 1849. METHODS: Review of primary source documents on Sims and his operations, early 19th century clinical literature on the treatment of vesicovaginal fistula, the introduction of ether and chloroform anesthesia into surgical practice, and the literature on the early 19th century medical ethics pertaining to surgical innovation...
March 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
Aggelos Tselos, Demetrios Moris, Diamantis I Tsilimigras, Evangelos Fragkiadis, Eustratia Mpaili, Panagiotis Sakarellos, Michail Vailas, Kevin N Shah, Alexandros Papalampros
INTRODUCTION: Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) in testicular cancer is a documented treatment along with active surveillance and chemotherapy. This study aims to summarize the current evidence on the use of Robot-assisted RPLND (RARPLND) in comparison with the laparoscopic and open approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search was conducted in the existing literature focusing on reports with outcomes of RARPLND for stage I-IIB testicular tumor. RESULTS: Eleven studies complied with the inclusion criteria, including 116 patients...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Osamah M Alfayez, Sandra Leal, Terri Warholak
PURPOSE: Documentation of Stage 1 and Stage 2 Meaningful Use (MU) criteria for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus between clinical pharmacists and other healthcare providers was compared. METHODS: Patients seen at 8 clinics in a federally qualified health center who had type 2 diabetes mellitus and were seen by clinical pharmacists or other healthcare providers were randomly selected for inclusion in this retrospective study. Approximately half of the encounters were evaluated for Stage 1 MU compliance (encounters from October through December 2014), and half were evaluated for Stage 2 MU compliance (encounters from January through March 2015)...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
Z Meidani, M Farzandipour, A Davoodabadi, A Farrokhian, D Kheirkhah, M Sharifi, M E Khanghani
We investigated the effects of reinforced audit and feedback on the medical record documentation (MRD) of 35 surgical residents at a tertiary university hospital. In three phases (pre-intervention, 3 and 9-month post-intervention), 525 medical records were assessed. An educational guideline assisting residents to record more accurate MRD was developed. The MRD rate in the pre-intervention and immediate post-intervention phases had changed significantly. The MRD rate in the pre-intervention and 9 months after cessation of intervention was not statistically significant...
September 2017: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
Shubha Bhat, Mayank Kansal, George T Kondos, Vicki Groo
BACKGROUND: National guidelines recommend angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors or angiotensin-receptor blockers (ARBs) and β-blockers (BBs) at target doses for morbidity and mortality benefits in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF); regardless, titration of these therapies in practice remains suboptimal. We implemented an outpatient pharmacist-managed HFrEF medication titration assistance clinic (MTAC) at one institution to improve titration for general cardiology (GC) patients...
February 1, 2018: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
Tara L Braun, Bradley S Eisemann, Olushola Olorunnipa, Edward P Buchanan, Laura A Monson
BACKGROUND: Premature fusion of the metopic suture leads to a range of clinical presentations, with more severe patients presenting characteristically with trigonocephaly. Endoscopic-assisted correction of craniosynostosis is emerging as an alternative to the gold-standard open cranial vault remodeling. While there are several documented benefits of endoscopic correction, the management of craniosynostosis varies widely in the literature with little consensus as to the preferred timing and surgical technique for repair...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Getnet M Kassie, Teklu Belay, Anjali Sharma, Getachew Feleke
Introduction: Focus on improving access and quality of HIV care and treatment gained acceptance in Ethiopia through the work of the International Training and Education Center for Health. The initiative deployed mobile field-based teams and capacity building teams to mentor health care providers on clinical services and program delivery in three regions, namely Tigray, Amhara, and Afar. Transitioning of the clinical mentoring program (CMP) began in 2012 through capacity building and transfer of skills and knowledge to local health care providers and management...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Waheed Atilade Adegbiji, Gabriel Toye Olajide, Anthony Oyebanji Olajuyin, Shuaib Kayode Aremu, Akanbi Ganiyu Olusola
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis is a chronic and recurrent nasal condition. It is often neglected in children with late presentation. This study aimed at determining the prevalence, sociodemographic features, comorbid illnesses, complications and quality of life in children with allergic rhinitis in the study institution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective hospital based study of children with allergic rhinitis in Ekiti state university teaching hospital, Ado Ekiti...
March 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Francesco Guerrera, Pier Luigi Filosso, Cecilia Pompili, Stefania Olivetti, Matteo Roffinella, Andrea Imperatori, Alessandro Brunelli
Background: The presence of air leak following lung resection remains a frequent problem, which may prolong hospital stay and increase hospital costs. In the past, some studies documented the efficacy of soft and flexible chest tube in patients who underwent thoracic surgery. Nevertheless, safety in case of post-operative large air or liquid leak remains questionable. The objective of this study was to verify through a multicentre study the safety and the effectiveness of the coaxial chest tube in a consecutive series of selected patients who underwent anatomical pulmonary resection and with an active and large air leak...
2018: Journal of visualized surgery
Hilary Z Hu, Nicolas Granger, S Balakrishna Pai, Ravi V Bellamkonda, Nick D Jeffery
Many hundreds of thousands of people around the world are living with the long-term consequences of spinal cord injury and they need effective new therapies. Laboratory research in experimental animals has identified a large number of potentially translatable interventions but transition to the clinic is not straightforward. Further evidence of efficacy in more clinically-relevant lesions is required to gain sufficient confidence to commence human clinical trials. Of the many therapeutic candidates currently available, intraspinally applied chondroitinase ABC has particularly well documented efficacy in experimental animals...
February 9, 2018: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
Rebecca G Rogers, Rachel N Pauls, Ranee Thakar, Melanie Morin, Annette Kuhn, Eckhard Petri, Brigitte Fatton, Kristene Whitmore, Sheryl Kinsberg, Joseph Lee
AIMS: The terminology in current use for sexual function and dysfunction in women with pelvic floor disorders lacks uniformity, which leads to uncertainty, confusion, and unintended ambiguity. The terminology for the sexual health of women with pelvic floor dysfunction needs to be collated in a clinically-based consensus report. METHODS: This report combines the input of members of the Standardization and Terminology Committees of two International Organizations, the International Urogynecological Association (IUGA), and the International Continence Society (ICS), assisted at intervals by many external referees...
February 14, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
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