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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213317/developing-and-assessing-the-acceptability-of-an-epilepsy-first-aid-training-intervention-for-patients-who-visit-uk-emergency-departments-a-multi-method-study-of-patients-and-professionals
#1
Darlene A Snape, Myfanwy Morgan, Leone Ridsdale, Steve Goodacre, Anthony G Marson, Adam J Noble
Epilepsy affects around 1% of the UK population; 40% of whom experience two or more seizures annually. However, most Emergency Department (ED) visits by people with epilepsy (PWE) are clinically unnecessary. Evidence highlights that with correct training, seizures can be safely managed by patients and their families within the community. Arguably therefore, PWE who frequently visit the ED might benefit from a self-management intervention that improves their own and their families' confidence and ability in managing seizures...
February 14, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199139/feasibility-of-vacuum-assisted-breast-cone-beam-ct-guided-biopsy-and-comparison-with-prone-stereotactic-biopsy
#2
Susanne Wienbeck, Joachim Lotz, Uwe Fischer
OBJECTIVE: The feasibility of breast vacuum-assisted biopsy (VAB) guided by cone-beam CT (CBCT) was assessed. The initial clinical performance of CT-guided breast VAB was compared with that of established prone stereotactic VAB. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective clinical trial, VABs were performed for women with mammographically suspicious breast lesions using a dedicated breast CBCT protocol. The technical success rate, total intervention time, and complications were documented and compared with examinations performed by prone stereotactic VAB...
February 15, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187294/comprehensible-knowledge-model-creation-for-cancer-treatment-decision-making
#3
Muhammad Afzal, Maqbool Hussain, Wajahat Ali Khan, Taqdir Ali, Sungyoung Lee, Eui-Nam Huh, Hafiz Farooq Ahmad, Arif Jamshed, Hassan Iqbal, Muhammad Irfan, Manzar Abbas Hydari
BACKGROUND: A wealth of clinical data exists in clinical documents in the form of electronic health records (EHRs). This data can be used for developing knowledge-based recommendation systems that can assist clinicians in clinical decision making and education. One of the big hurdles in developing such systems is the lack of automated mechanisms for knowledge acquisition to enable and educate clinicians in informed decision making. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An automated knowledge acquisition methodology with a comprehensible knowledge model for cancer treatment (CKM-CT) is proposed...
March 1, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178370/barriers-and-enablers-to-adherence-to-anticoagulation-in-heart-failure-with-atrial-fibrillation-patient-and-provider-perspectives
#4
Caleb Ferguson, Sally C Inglis, Phillip J Newton, Sandy Middleton, Peter S Macdonald, Patricia M Davidson
AIMS & OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to elucidate the barriers and enablers to adherence to anticoagulation in individuals with chronic heart failure (CHF) with concomitant atrial fibrillation (AF) from the perspective of patients and providers. BACKGROUND: CHF and AF commonly coexist and are associated with increased stroke risk and mortality. Oral anticoagulation significantly reduces stroke risk and improves outcomes. Yet, in approximately 30% of cases anticoagulation is not commenced for a variety of reasons...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177329/fibular-osteofasciocutaneous-flap-in-computer-assisted-mandibular-reconstruction-technical-aspects-in-oral-malignancies
#5
M Berrone, E Crosetti, P L Tos, M Pentenero, G Succo
Virtual surgical planning technology in head and neck surgery is witnessing strong growth. In the literature, the validity of the method from the point of view of accuracy and clinical utility has been widely documented, especially for bone modelling. To date, however, with its increased use in head and neck oncology, and consequently the increased need for bone and soft tissue reconstruction, is important to carry out the virtual programme considering not only bone reconstruction but also all aspects related to the reconstruction of soft tissue using composite flaps...
December 2016: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176916/is-there-a-way-for-clinical-teachers-to-assist-struggling-learners-a-synthetic-review-of-the-literature
#6
REVIEW
Elisabeth Boileau, Christina St-Onge, Marie-Claude Audétat
Struggling medical trainees pose a challenge to clinical teachers, since these learners warrant closer supervision that is time-consuming and competes with time spent on patient care. Clinical teachers' perception that they are ill equipped to address learners' difficulties efficiently may lead to delays or even lack of remediation for these learners. Because of the paucity of evidence to guide best practices in remediation, the best approach to guide clinical teachers in the field remains to be established...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167019/treatment-of-bronchial-foreign-body-aspiration-with-extracorporeal-life-support-in-a-child-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Li Deng, Baichun Wang, Yan Wang, Lifeng Xiao, Hongyu Liu
We present a case in which extracorporeal life support treatment of a 6-year-old girl asphyxiated by aspiration of an elliptic plastic ball is described. The attempts for extraction of the foreign body by conventional bronchoscopy under critically ill conditions had failed. Thus, a skin incision was made in the midline, and an emergency open-chest cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) with aortic, superior vena cava and inferior vena cava cannulation was performed for circulatory support. Following tracheal extubation, a video-assisted rigid bronchoscope was inserted to clear the airway and remove the foreign body...
March 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161380/percent-of-tracer-clearance-at-40-min-in-mag3-renal-scans-is-more-sensitive-than-t1-2-for-symptomatic-upj-obstruction
#8
Friedrich-Carl von Rundstedt, Jason M Scovell, Shelly X Bian, Dominic Lee, Wesley A Mayer, Richard E Link
OBJECTIVE: To increase the diagnostic sensitivity of standard MAG3 diuretic renal scans for ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) by exploring the utility of an alternative measurement P40, the percentage of maximal tracer counts present at 40 minutes. METHODS: Patients with strong clinical and anatomic evidence for UPJO may have a normal T1/2, making definitive diagnosis difficult. We reviewed the charts of 142 consecutive patients who underwent successful laparoscopic or robotic-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty for UPJO between 2005 and 2015...
February 1, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156525/feasibility-of-a-physician-extender-approach-to-increase-advance-care-planning-uptake
#9
Cynthia Fanning
: 8 Background: Advanced care planning (ACP) for people with life-limiting cancer has been associated with improved patient quality of life and care more consistent with patient wishes. Nevertheless, even though approximately 70% of patients with a life-limiting illness will require the substituted judgment of a proxy, fewer than 25% of patients have documented goals of care. This poor uptake has been attributed to limits in physician time and ACP training. The current study evaluated the feasibility of utilizing a physician-extender trained in ACP best practices to overcome these barriers and improve ACP uptake...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152973/multidisciplinary-process-improvement-to-optimize-oral-chemotherapy-safety
#10
Kerin B Adelson, Monica Fradkin, Renee Havriliak, Michelle Renee Harrison, Osama Abdelghany, Stephanie Kregling, Jessica Wright, Bret Morrow, Roberta Sterling, Mandeep Smith, Frank Esposito, Martha Stutsky, LeeAnn Miller, Rogerio Lilenbaum, Catherine A Lyons, Anne C Chiang, Howard Cohen
: 134 Background: The rapid development of oral chemotherapy agents brings unique challenges. These drugs must be treated with the same vigilance as parenteral chemotherapy. The oral chemotherapy system is not optimized or integrated across our hospital. A quality assessment survey identified the need for a better means to monitor and improve oral chemotherapy patient outcomes. METHODS: Patient and staff satisfaction with the current process was measured. A chartered multidisciplinary task force reviewed existing practice and developed a program to identify patients, ensure drug access, standardize prescription and consent, ensure on-going clinical support including patient education, regimen specific adherence monitoring, toxicity assessment and address patient concerns...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152827/changing-physician-compensation-and-implementing-new-technology-to-enhance-pathways-compliance
#11
John Russell Hoverman, Nate Gosse, Marcus A Neubauer, Vanessa Torres
: 187 Background: Pathways have shown to decrease cost of care while maintaining efficacy of treatment. In 2005, The US Oncology Network, which includes Texas Oncology, P.A. (TOPA) developed physician-led clinical pathways based on national guidelines, cost and efficacy. This abstract reviews the impact of changes TOPA initiated to improve pathway compliance Methods: Since 2011, TOPA has assessed pathways compliance using the iKnowMed (iKM) electronic medical record. Individual compliance was reported to each physician, but no incentives were tied to this...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152723/a-multidisciplinary-quality-improvement-project-to-improve-the-safety-of-oral-chemotherapy-in-hospitalized-patients
#12
Amer Sidani, Gelenis Calzadilla Domingo, Diana Sullivan, Katherine Sencion, Dominic Ho, Christina Haaf, Adam Bursua, Neeta K Venepalli
: 110 Background: At the University of Illinois Hospital and Health Sciences System (UIC), inpatient IV chemotherapy administration occurs in the setting of specific protocols and multidisciplinary safety assessments while oral chemotherapy agent (OCA) inpatient administration occurs less formally. Baseline 8 week review of 174 admissions to the oncology service revealed that of 16 patients (9.2%) on outpatient OCA, 50% received OCAs while inpatient, with 12. 55% having a formal chemotherapy note in place...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143452/challenges-and-opportunities-in-establishing-a-collaborative-multisite-observational-study-of-chronic-diseases-and-lifestyle-factors-among-adults-in-puerto-rico
#13
Josiemer Mattei, José F Rodríguez-Orengo, Martha Tamez, Francheska Corujo, Aida Claudio, Héctor Villanueva, Hannia Campos, Walter C Willett, Katherine L Tucker, Carlos F Ríos-Bedoya
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of chronic diseases and unhealthy lifestyle behaviors among the adult population of Puerto Rico (PR) is high; however, few epidemiological studies have been conducted to address these. We aimed to document the methods and operation of establishing a multisite cross-sectional study of chronic diseases and risk factors in PR, in partnership with academic, community, clinical, and research institutions. METHODS: The Puerto Rico Assessment of Diet, Lifestyle and Diseases (PRADLAD) documented lifestyle and health characteristics of adults living in PR, with the goal of informing future epidemiological and intervention projects, as well as public health, policy, and clinical efforts to help improve the population's health...
January 31, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141731/growth-and-documentation-deficits-where-to-start-in-helping-families
#14
Wilhelmina Hernandez, Deborah A Frank, Samantha Morton, Carmen Palacios, Marilyn Augustyn
Pedro is a 2-year 7-month-old boy who was presented for the first time after a visit to a local emergency room (ER) for diarrhea. At the time of his birth, his undocumented mother, Clara, was 20 years old, uninsured, and with limited English proficiency living approximately 400 miles south of our practice in a different state. Although she had been brought to the United States as a child, she had never finished high school. Pedro was born what mother thought was full-term at his parent's home, where a lay midwife assisted during the delivery...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28136139/outcome-of-large-noninvasive-follicular-thyroid-neoplasm-with-papillary-like-nuclear-features-niftp
#15
Bin Xu, Giovanni Tallini, Theresa Scognamiglio, Benjamin R Roman, R Michael Tuttle, Ronald Ghossein
BACKGROUND: In 2016, encapsulated papillary thyroid carcinoma, follicular variant without invasion was renamed noninvasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP) in order to reduce overtreatment of this indolent tumor. However, many endocrinologists remain uneasy about managing large (≥ 4 cm) NIFTP conservatively without radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy. The objectives of this study are to characterize the clinicopathologic characteristics and outcome of large NIFTP in order to assist therapeutic decision making...
January 30, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134004/prevalence-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-tanzanian-migrants-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Alison H Norris, Yiska Loewenberg Weisband, Melissa Wiles, Jeannette R Ickovics
For the many millions of migrants, mobility creates vulnerabilities and elevates risk for sexually transmitted infections (STIs). We document, among Tanzanian agricultural plantation residents, migrant characteristics and test associations between migrant status and prevalent STI (HSV-2, syphilis, and HIV). From 623 plantation resident participants, we limit this analysis to participants about whom we know migration status (migrants n = 242, non-migrants n = 291). We collected behavioral data via audio-computer assisted self-interview survey, and clinical data via STI testing...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122680/the-society-of-thoracic-surgeons-expert-consensus-for-the-resuscitation-of-patients-who-arrest-after-cardiac-surgery
#17
(no author information available yet)
The Society of Thoracic Surgeons Task Force on Resuscitation After Cardiac Surgery provides this professional society perspective on resuscitation in patients who arrest after cardiac surgery. This document was created using a multimodal methodology for evidence generation and includes information from existing guidelines, from the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation, from our own structured literature reviews on issues particular to cardiac surgery, and from an international survey on resuscitation hosted by CTSNet...
January 19, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111105/preoperative-treatment-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-with-positive-airway-pressure-is-associated-with-decreased-incidence-of-atrial-fibrillation-after-cardiac-surgery
#18
Jim K Wong, Edward R Mariano, Anthony G Doufas, Megan J Olejniczak, Clete A Kushida
OBJECTIVE: Based on clinical studies in the nonsurgical population that positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy for patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) provides benefits for those with atrial fibrillation, the authors tested the hypothesis that PAP in patients with OSA reduces the incidence of postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) after cardiac surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: Single-center university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: The study comprised 192 patients in sinus rhythm preoperatively who were undergoing nontransplantation or ventricular assist device implantation cardiac surgery requiring cardiopulmonary bypass but not requiring systemic circulatory arrest, with documented PAP adherence from January 2008 to October 2015...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109262/implementation-of-early-intensive-behavioural-intervention-for-children-with-autism-in-switzerland
#19
Nadja Studer, Ronnie Gundelfinger, Tanja Schenker, Hans-Christoph Steinhausen
BACKGROUND: There is a major gap between the US and most European countries regarding the implementation of early intensive behavioural intervention (EIBI) for children with autism. The present paper reports on the current status of EIBI in Switzerland and on the effectiveness of EIBI under clinical conditions in a Swiss pilot project. METHODS: The paper combines a narrative report of the care system for children with autism in Switzerland and an initial evaluation of EIBI as implemented in the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University of Zurich...
January 21, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109024/computer-assisted-technologies-used-in-oral-rehabilitation-and-the-clinical-documentation-of-alleged-advantages-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Asbjørn Jokstad
The objective of this systematic review is to identify current computer-assisted technologies used for managing patients with a need to re-establish craniofacial appearance, subjective discomfort and stomatognathic function, and the extent of their clinical documentation. Electronic search strategies were used for locating clinical studies in MEDLINE through PubMed and in the Cochrane library, and in the grey literature through searches on Google Scholar. The searches for commercial digital products for use in oral rehabilitation resulted in identifying 225 products per November 2016, used for patient diagnostics, communication and therapy purposes, and for other computer-assisted applications in context with oral rehabilitation...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
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