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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222931/the-challenge-of-herbicide-resistance-around-the-world-a-current-summary
#1
REVIEW
Mark A Peterson, Alberto Collavo, Ramiro Ovejero, Vinod Shivrain, Michael J Walsh
Herbicide resistant weeds have been observed since the early years of synthetic herbicide development in the 1950's and 1960's. Since that time there has been a consistent increase in the number of herbicide resistance cases and the impact of herbicide resistant (HR) weeds. While the nature of crop production varies widely around the world, herbicides have become a primary tool for weed control in most areas. Dependence on herbicides continues to increase as global populations migrate away from rural areas into cities and the agricultural labor force declines...
December 9, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222251/preventing-venous-thromboembolism-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-crossing-the-threshold
#2
REVIEW
Leslie Skeith
When should a patient with a known thrombophilia or prior venous thromboembolism (VTE) receive low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) prophylaxis during pregnancy and/or the postpartum period? Accurately predicting thrombotic and bleeding risks and knowing what to do with this information is at the heart of decision-making in these challenging scenarios. This article will explore the concept of a risk threshold from clinician and patient perspectives and provide guidance for the use of antepartum and postpartum LMWH prophylaxis in women with a known thrombophilia or prior VTE...
December 8, 2017: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218726/healthcare-providers-perspectives-on-labor-monitoring-in-nigeria-and-uganda-a-qualitative-study-on-challenges-and-opportunities
#3
Fan Yang, Meghan A Bohren, David Kyaddondo, Musibau A Titiloye, Akinpelu O Olutayo, Olufemi T Oladapo, João Paulo Souza, A Metin Gülmezoglu, Kidza Mugerwa, Bukola Fawole
OBJECTIVE: To explore current practices, challenges, and opportunities in relation to monitoring labor progression, from the perspectives of healthcare professionals in low-resource settings. METHODS: Thematic analysis of qualitative data (in-depth interviews [IDIs] and focus group discussions [FDGs]) obtained from a purposive sample of healthcare providers and managers in selected health facilities in Nigeria and Uganda. RESULTS: A total of 70 IDIs and 16 FGDs with doctors, midwives, and administrators are included in this analysis...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218129/pubic-symphysis-diastasis-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#4
Jaya Jethra Chawla, Devendra Arora, Namrita Sandhu, Megha Jain, Anju Kumari
Separation of pubic symphysis during delivery is a rare complication resulting in considerable and prolonged morbidity for parturient women. The usual presentation is that of something giving way in the region of the symphysis pubis sometimes with an audible crack at the time of delivery. Unbearable pain on moving from side-to-side and on performing any weight-bearing activity (such as walking or climbing stairs) precludes ambulation in the immediate postpartum period. This could be accompanied by disruption of the sacroiliac joint, hemorrhage, or urine incontinence in severe cases...
November 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215512/term-elective-induction-of-labor-and-pregnancy-outcomes-among-obese-women-and-their-offspring
#5
Cassandra M Gibbs Pickens, Michael R Kramer, Penelope P Howards, Martina L Badell, Aaron B Caughey, Carol J Hogue
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether elective induction of labor between 39 through 41 weeks of gestation, as compared with expectant management, is associated with reduced cesarean delivery and other adverse outcomes among obese women and their offspring. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using the 2007-2011 California Linked Patient Discharge Data-Birth Cohort File of 165,975 singleton, cephalic, nonanomalous deliveries to obese women. For each gestational week (39-41), we used multivariable logistic regression models, stratified by parity, to assess whether elective induction of labor or expectant management was associated with lower odds of cesarean delivery and other adverse outcomes...
December 4, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203028/investigating-ethnic-minorities-perceptions-of-safety-climate-in-the-construction-industry
#6
Albert P C Chan, Francis K W Wong, Carol K H Hon, Sainan Lyu, Arshad Ali Javed
INTRODUCTION: An increasing number of ethnic minorities (EMs) have been employed in the construction industry to alleviate severe labor shortages in many countries. Unfortunately, statistics show that EMs have higher fatal and non-fatal occupational injury rates than their local counterparts. However, EMs are often underrepresented in safety climate (SC) research as they are difficult to reach and gauge their perception. A positive relationship has been widely found between SC and safety performance...
December 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201669/comparison-of-outcomes-of-ivf-cycles-between-transferred-frozen-thawed-embryos-and-fresh-embryos-by-a-2-year-survey
#7
Ensieh Shahrokh-Tehraninejad, Zeynab Vosoog, Fatemeh Farajzadeh-Vajari
Background: Infertility as one of most concerning topics in childbearing age mothers needs better managements with less complications and IVF can be assumed as an efficient method. This study aimed to compare pregnancy outcomes in fresh and frozen embryos transferred in IVF cycles. Methods: In a retrospective study, 11201 patients underwent IVF cycles from 21st March 2013 to 20th March 2014 and they were categorized into two groups according to age, previous tubal disease and surgery, tubal ligation, and previous ectopic pregnancy variables...
October 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198155/delayed-second-twin-delivery-benefits-and-risks
#8
Mohamed Farghali, Ibrahim Abdelazim, Khaled Abdelrazek
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of reports describe the delayed second twin delivery for days, or weeks with good results in the majority of the cases, and different survival rate between centers, without reported randomized controlled trials (RCTs). OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to evaluate the suggested management of the delayed second twin delivery in the Sabah Maternity Hospital regarding its outcome, possible risks, and benefits. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-seven twin pregnancies with preterm labor of the first fetus between 20-30 weeks, and delayed delivery of the second twin were included in this study...
December 3, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185016/the-radiological-myometrial-appearance-after-cesarean-section-is-it-associated-with-postpartum-complications-and-subsequent-delivery-outcome
#9
Naama R Bogot, Misagv Rottenstreich, Rinad M Nabulsi, Yonatan Turner, Rivka Farkash, Arnon Samueloff, Sorina Grisaru-Granovsky
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether the characteristics of the radiological uterine myometrial discontinuity (RMD) is associated with maternal-neonatal outcomes and post-cesarean section (CS) complications. A secondary aim was to describe the evolution of the CT uterine surgical incision and the related outcome of a subsequent trial of labor after cesarean (TOLAC). METHODS: Single center retrospective cohort study of CT scans was performed within 6 weeks from cesarean delivery...
November 28, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181233/development-and-application-of-direct-data-capture-for-monitoring-medication-compliance-in-clinical-trials
#10
Eun-Young Kim
Objectives: The monitoring of medication compliance in clinical trials is important but labor intensive. To check medication compliance in clinical trials, a system was developed, and its technical feasibility evaluated. Methods: The system consisted of three parts: a management part (clinical trial center database and a developed program), clinical trial investigator part (monitoring), and clinical trial participant part (personal digital assistant [PDA] with a barcode scanner)...
October 2017: Healthcare Informatics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180840/candida-chorioamnionitis-leads-to-preterm-birth-and-adverse-fetal-neonatal-outcome
#11
REVIEW
Yohei Maki, Midori Fujisaki, Yuichiro Sato, Hiroshi Sameshima
Candida chorioamnionitis is rare but can lead to neonatal infection, high mortality, and neurodevelopmental impairment. We aimed to investigate maternal clinical features and perinatal outcomes and discuss future management strategies. We reviewed the medical records of women with Candida chorioamnionitis at our hospital over a 10-year period (n = 9) and previous published case reports and case series. The most prevalent Candida species was C. albicans (71.3% of the all cases). The most prevalent predisposing condition was preterm premature rupture of membranes (31/123, 25...
2017: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180198/surgical-tray-optimization-as-a-simple-means-to-decrease-perioperative-costs
#12
James S Farrelly, Crystal Clemons, Sherri Witkins, Walter Hall, Emily R Christison-Lagay, Doruk E Ozgediz, Robert A Cowles, David H Stitelman, Michael G Caty
BACKGROUND: Health care spending in the US remains excessively high. Aside from complicated, large-scale efforts at health care cost reduction, there are still relatively simple ways in which individual hospitals can cut unnecessary costs from everyday operations. Inspired by recent publications, our group sought to decrease the costs associated with surgical instrument processing at a large, multihospital academic center. METHODS: This was a single-site observational study conducted at a large academic medical center...
December 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176380/congenital-hypofibrinogenemia-in-pregnancy-a-report-of-11-cases
#13
He Cai, Meiying Liang, Jingjing Yang, Xiaohui Zhang
: To investigate the obstetrical outcomes and plasma concentrations of fibrinogen (FIB) in patients with congenital hypofibrinogenemia in pregnancy, 11 cases with hypofibrinogenemia in pregnancy were analyzed retrospectively. The demographic database, bleeding tendency, plasma levels of FIB throughout pregnancy, peripartum management, as well as, maternal and neonatal outcomes were assessed. FIB levels in our patients remained relatively stable throughout the pregnancy. The mean FIB levels during the three trimesters of pregnancy were 75...
November 23, 2017: Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176331/management-of-work-through-the-seasons-of-cancer-survivorship
#14
Saskia F A Duijts
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Survival from cancer has expanded enormously over the past decades. It is estimated that 40-50% of all cancer survivors are of working age at time of diagnosis and thus potentially part of the labor force. The seasons of survivorship can be used as a steppingstone to describe issues regarding employability survivors are dealing with. RECENT FINDINGS: The acute survival stage begins at the point of diagnosis. Disclosure of diagnosis, and flexibility of both employers and (occupational) healthcare professionals are important factors in this stage...
November 25, 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169534/race-ageism-and-the-slide-from-privileged-occupations
#15
George Wilson, Vincent J Roscigno
The sociological literature on workplace inequality has been relatively clear regarding racial disparities and ongoing vulnerabilities to contemporary structural and employer biases. We still know little, however, about the consequences of age and ageism for minority workers and susceptibilities to downward mobility. Coupling insights regarding race with recent work on employment-based age discrimination, we interrogate in this article African Americans and Whites, aged 55 and older, and the extent to which they experience job loss across time...
January 2018: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167041/efficacy-of-an-internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-stress-management-training-in-women-with-idiopathic-preterm-labor-a-randomized-controlled-intervention-study
#16
Corinne Urech, Sandra Scherer, Martina Emmenegger, Jens Gaab, Sibil Tschudin, Irène Hoesli, Thomas Berger, Judith Alder
OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled trial aimed at evaluating the efficacy of an internet-based cognitive behavioral stress management program (IB-CBSM) for pregnant women with preterm labor (PTL) on birth outcome and stress-related psychological and biological parameters. METHODS: 93 pregnant women with PTL (gestational age 18-32) were assigned to either the IB-CBSM (n=50) or a control group (CG) based on distraction (n=43). Participants in both groups worked through six weekly modules...
December 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166810/anesthetic-management-of-amniotic-fluid-embolism-a-multi-center-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Shiri Skolnik, Alexander Ioscovich, Leonid A Eidelman, Atara Davis, Anat Shmueli, Amir Aviram, Sharon Orbach-Zinger
INTRODUCTION: Amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) is a rare and potentially lethal obstetric complication, commonly occurring during labor, delivery, or immediately postpartum. There is a paucity of data regarding incidence, risk factors, and clinical management. Our primary objective in this study was to evaluate clinical presentation of AFE and delineate anesthesia management of these cases. METHODS: This 10 years retrospective multi-center cohort study was performed in five tertiary university-affiliated medical centers, between the years 2005 and 2015...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153162/a-100-year-review-a-century-of-change-in-temperate-grazing-dairy-systems
#18
J R Roche, D P Berry, A M Bryant, C R Burke, S T Butler, P G Dillon, D J Donaghy, B Horan, K A Macdonald, K L Macmillan
From 1917 to 2017, dairy grazing systems have evolved from uncontrolled grazing of unimproved pastures by dual-purpose dairy-beef breeds to an intensive system with a high output per unit of land from a fit-for-purpose cow. The end of World War I signaled significant government investments in agricultural research institutes around the world, which coincided with technological breakthroughs in milk harvesting and a recognition that important traits in both plants and animals could be improved upon relatively rapidly through genetic selection...
December 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153160/a-100-year-review-calf-nutrition-and-management
#19
A F Kertz, T M Hill, J D Quigley, A J Heinrichs, J G Linn, J K Drackley
The first calf paper, published in the May 1919 issue of the Journal of Dairy Science (JDS), described factors affecting birth body weight of different breeds of calves. Other studies were done on nonmilk ingredients, growth charts were developed, and early weaning was followed to conserve milk fed to calves. Calf papers did not report use of statistics to control or record variation or to determine whether treatment means were different. Many experiments were more observational than comparative. Typically fewer than 5 calves, and sometimes 1 or 2 calves, were used per treatment...
December 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143622/lives-saved-tool-list-costing-a-module-to-examine-costs-and-prioritize-interventions
#20
Lori A Bollinger, Rachel Sanders, William Winfrey, Adebiyi Adesina
BACKGROUND: Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals will require careful allocation of resources in order to achieve the highest impact. The Lives Saved Tool (LiST) has been used widely to calculate the impact of maternal, neonatal and child health (MNCH) interventions for program planning and multi-country estimation in several Lancet Series commissions. As use of the LiST model increases, many have expressed a desire to cost interventions within the model, in order to support budgeting and prioritization of interventions by countries...
November 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
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