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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667874/evaluation-of-a-test-and-cull-strategy-for-reducing-prevalence-of-chronic-wasting-disease-in-mule-deer-odocoileus-hemionus
#1
Lisa L Wolfe, Mary Kay Watry, Michael A Sirochman, Tracey M Sirochman, Michael W Miller
  We evaluated a test and cull strategy for lowering chronic wasting disease (CWD) prevalence in a naturally-infected, free-ranging mule deer ( Odocoileus hemionus) herd wintering in the town of Estes Park, Colorado, USA and in nearby Rocky Mountain National Park. We tested 48-68% of the estimated number of adult (≥1 yr old) deer annually for 5 yr via tonsil biopsy immunohistochemistry (IHC), collecting 1,251 samples from >700 individuals and removing IHC-positive deer. Among males, CWD prevalence during the last 3 yr of selective culling was lower (one-sided Fisher's exact test P=0...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658734/build-or-buy-the-individual-and-unit-level-performance-of-internally-versus-externally-selected-managers-over-time
#2
Philip S DeOrtentiis, Chad H Van Iddekinge, Robert E Ployhart, Tom D Heetderks
At some point, hiring managers in all organizations face the decision of whether to fill open positions with internal candidates (e.g., through promotions) or to hire external candidates (e.g., from competitors or new entrants into the labor market). Despite this ubiquitous choice, surprisingly little research has compared the effectiveness of internal and external selection or has identified situations in which 1 approach may be better than the other. The authors use theory on human capital resources to predict differences between internal and external hires on manager- and unit-level outcomes...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656952/-to-the-question-of-elective-induction-of-labor-at-39-weeks-of-gestation-the-answer-lies-in-the-question
#3
P Rozenberg
The goal of induction of labor is to achieve vaginal delivery when the benefits of expeditious delivery outweigh the risks of continuing the pregnancy. In order to correctly understand the problematic of the elective induction of labor at 39 weeks of gestation (WG), two questions must be raised. (i) What is the perinatal mortality evolution according the gestational age at delivery? All the most recent and methodologically well-conducted studies are convergent: they show that the fetal mortality risk exceeds the perinatal/infant (during the first year of life) mortality risk from 39 WG...
April 12, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652745/severe-perineal-lacerations-after-vaginal-delivery-are-they-an-anesthesiologist-s-problem
#4
Feyce Peralta, Joseph Bradley Bavaro
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Perineal tears or lacerations are common occurrences after vaginal delivery. Understanding the degree of severity of these tears and the immediate and long-term complications of severe perineal lacerations can assist anesthesiologists with the management of these patients in the immediate postpartum period. RECENT FINDINGS: Severe perineal lacerations have a high degree of association with postpartum depression. The presence of neuraxial labor analgesia decreases the odds of severe perineal lacerations...
April 12, 2018: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650013/life-expectancy-inequalities-in-the-elderly-by-socioeconomic-status-evidence-from-italy
#5
Carlo Lallo, Michele Raitano
BACKGROUND: Life expectancy considerably increased in most developed countries during the twentieth century. However, the increase in longevity is neither uniform nor random across individuals belonging to various socioeconomic groups. From an economic policy perspective, the difference in mortality by socioeconomic conditions challenges the fairness of the social security systems. We focus on the case of Italy and aim at measuring differences in longevity at older ages by individuals belonging to different socioeconomic groups, also in order to assess the effective fairness of the Italian public pension system, which is based on a notional defined contribution (NDC) benefit computation formula, whose rules do not take into account individual heterogeneity in expected longevity...
April 12, 2018: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650008/the-challenge-of-maintaining-microscopist-capacity-at-basic-levels-for-malaria-elimination-in-jiangsu-province-china
#6
Guisheng Ding, Guoding Zhu, Caiqun Cao, Ping Miao, Yuanyuan Cao, Weiming Wang, Yaping Gu, Sui Xu, Shengqiang Wang, Huayun Zhou, Jun Cao
BACKGROUND: Local malaria transmission has decreased rapidly since the National Malaria Elimination Action Plan was launched in China in 2010. However, imported malaria cases from Africa and Southeast Asia still occur in China due to overseas laborers. Diagnosis by microscopy is the gold standard for malaria and is used in most hospitals in China. However, the current capacity of microscopists to manage malaria cases in hospitals and public health facilities to meet the surveillance needs to eliminate and prevent the reintroduction of malaria is unknown...
April 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649263/validation-of-czecanca-czech-cancer-panel-for-clinical-application-for-targeted-ngs-based-analysis-of-hereditary-cancer-syndromes
#7
Jana Soukupova, Petra Zemankova, Klara Lhotova, Marketa Janatova, Marianna Borecka, Lenka Stolarova, Filip Lhota, Lenka Foretova, Eva Machackova, Viktor Stranecky, Spiros Tavandzis, Petra Kleiblova, Michal Vocka, Hana Hartmannova, Katerina Hodanova, Stanislav Kmoch, Zdenek Kleibl
BACKGROUND: Carriers of mutations in hereditary cancer predisposition genes represent a small but clinically important subgroup of oncology patients. The identification of causal germline mutations determines follow-up management, treatment options and genetic counselling in patients' families. Targeted next-generation sequencing-based analyses using cancer-specific panels in high-risk individuals have been rapidly adopted by diagnostic laboratories. While the use of diagnosis-specific panels is straightforward in typical cases, individuals with unusual phenotypes from families with overlapping criteria require multiple panel testing...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649167/assessment-of-indoor-air-quality-problems-in-office-like-environments-role-of-occupational-health-services
#8
REVIEW
Paolo Carrer, Peder Wolkoff
There is an increasing concern about indoor air quality (IAQ) and its impact on health, comfort, and work-performance in office-like environments and their workers, which account for most of the labor force. The Scientific Committee on Indoor Air Quality and Health of the ICOH (Int. Comm. Occup. Health) has discussed the assessment and management of IAQ problems and proposed a stepwise approach to be conducted by a multidisciplinary team. It is recommended to integrate the building assessment, inspection by walk-through of the office workplace, questionnaire survey, and environmental measurements, in that order...
April 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644987/preventing-and-managing-workplace-violence-against-healthcare-workers-in-emergency-departments
#9
Gabriele D'Ettorre, Vincenza Pellicani, Mauro Mazzotta, Annamaria Vullo
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Healthcare workers (HCWs) employed in Emergency Departments (EDs) frequently face with patients becoming violent because of long wait or diseases or under the influence of alcohol or drugs. Globally, workplace violence (WPV) in EDs is a major challenge to safety for HCWs, involving significant consequences to the victims, patients, and healthcare organizations. We reviewed the current literature with the aim to explore the topics focused on and to detect new evidences about approaching the issue of WPV toward HCWs in EDs...
February 21, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644153/acute-fatty-liver-of-pregnancy-a-thorough-examination-of-a-harmful-obstetrical-syndrome-and-its-counterparts
#10
Joshua Ronen, Shahzeb Shaheen, David Steinberg, Kevin R Justus
Diagnosed in one of every 20,000 deliveries, acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) was considered to be a deadly disease for many years. However, advancements in the clinical and surgical management of pregnant mothers have lead to a drastic decrease in maternal morbidity and mortality. The corresponding case recounts a 23-year-old gravida 2 para 1 (G2P1) at 38 weeks gestational age (GA) with no relevant past medical or family medical history that presented to the emergency department (ED) with a five-day history of nausea, protracted vomiting, hypertension, and new-onset headache...
February 6, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630015/maternal-pyrexia-and-villitis-of-unknown-etiology
#11
Dorothy F Graham, Eileen Sung, Bligh Berry
BACKGROUND: Villitis of unknown etiology is an inflammatory placental condition associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, including fetal growth restriction and preterm birth. CASE: We describe maternal pyrexia with daily rigors in the third trimester of two consecutive pregnancies in the same woman. In her second pregnancy, we found no evidence of infection despite an extensive antenatal investigation (blood and urine cultures, serologies, chest X-ray, abdominal ultrasonogram, echocardiogram)...
April 6, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626275/antenatal-management-for-women-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-experience-from-our-ibd-mom-clinic
#12
Ariella Bar-Gil Shitrit, Yael Cohen, Ori Hassin, Ami Ben Ya'acov, Rivkah Farkash, Benjamin Koslowsky, Yael Milgrom, Dan Meir Livovsky, Arnon Samueloff, Eran Goldin, Sorina Grisaru-Granovsky
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease affects women during their reproductive years and thus pregnancy outcomes. IBD MOM is a multidisciplinary, single-center clinic established to benefit women with IBD and their neonates. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the perinatal outcomes of the IBD MOM clinic patients compared to patients who attended antenatal and gastrointestinal disease community clinics (IBD CC). METHODS: This single-center, prospective study was conducted from 2011 to 2015...
April 6, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624948/changing-face-of-family-planning-funding-in-kenya-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-two-urban-counties
#13
Nelson Keyonzo, Julius Korir, Faith Abilla, Morine Sirera, Peter Nyakwara, Eva Bazant, Charles Waka, Nancy Koskei, Mark Kabue
As international development partners reduce funding for family planning (FP) programs, the need to estimate the financial resources devoted to FP is becoming increasingly important both at all levels. This cross-sectional assessment examined the FP financing sources, agents, and expenditures in two counties of Kenya for fiscal years 2010/2011 and 2011/2012 to guide local decision-making on financial allocations. Data were collected through a participatory process. This involved stakeholder interviews, review of financial records and service statistics, and a survey of facilities offering FP services...
December 2017: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623224/spinal-anaesthesia-for-cesarean-section-in-a-patient-with-vascular-type-ehlers-danlos-syndrome
#14
Jeffrey M Carness, Mark J Lenart
We report the administration of spinal anaesthesia for cesarean delivery in a parturient with vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. Parturients who genetically inherit this disorder are at risk for significant morbidity and mortality. Risks during pregnancy include premature labor, uterine prolapse, and uterine rupture. Additionally, such laboring parturients are at increased risk of hemodynamic volatility, vascular stress, and severe postpartum hemorrhage. Instrumented delivery and cesarean delivery bring additional risks...
2018: Case Reports in Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619489/causes-and-management-of-urogenital-fistulas-a-retrospective-cohort-study-from-a-tertiary-referral-center-in-saudi-arabia
#15
Somia A Osman, Ahmad H Al-Badr, Ola T Malabarey, Ashraf M Dawood, Badr N AlMosaieed, Diaa E E Rizk
OBJECTIVES: To reviewe the etiology and management of urogenital fistulas at a tertiary care referral center. METHODS: We retrospectively identified all patients with urogenital fistula referred to the King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, between January 2005 and July 2016 from electronic records. We collected data on age, parity, etiology and type of fistula, radiologic findings, management, and outcome. Results: Of the 32 patients with urogenital fistula identified, 17 (53...
April 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616067/flow-management-to-control-excessive-growth-of-macrophytes-an-assessment-based-on-habitat-suitability-modeling
#16
Konstantin Ochs, Rui P Rivaes, Teresa Ferreira, Gregory Egger
Mediterranean rivers in intensive agricultural watersheds usually display outgrowths of macrophytes - notably alien species - due to a combination of high concentrations of nutrients in the water runoff and low flows resulting from water abstraction for irrigation. Standard mechanical and chemical control is used to mitigate the problems associated with excessive growth of plant biomass: mainly less drainage capacity and higher flood risk. However, such control measures are cost and labor-intensive and do not present long-term efficiency...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614749/robust-economic-control-decision-method-of-uncertain-system-on-urban-domestic-water-supply
#17
Kebai Li, Tianyi Ma, Guo Wei
As China quickly urbanizes, urban domestic water generally presents the circumstances of both rising tendency and seasonal cycle fluctuation. A robust economic control decision method for dynamic uncertain systems is proposed in this paper. It is developed based on the internal model principle and pole allocation method, and it is applied to an urban domestic water supply system with rising tendency and seasonal cycle fluctuation. To achieve this goal, first a multiplicative model is used to describe the urban domestic water demand...
March 31, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609242/-constituent-and-workload-of-service-providers-engaged-in-cancer-screening-findings-and-suggestions-from-a-multi-center-survey-in-china
#18
Z X Sun, J F Shi, L Lan, A Y Mao, H Y Huang, H K Lei, W Q Qiu, P Dong, J Zhu, D B Wang, G X Liu, Y N Bai, X J Sun, X Z Liao, J S Ren, L W Guo, Q Zhou, L Yang, B B Song, L B Du, L Zhu, J Y Gong, Y Q Liu, Y Ren, L Mai, M F Qin, Y Z Zhang, J Y Zhou, X H Sun, S L Wu, X Qi, P A Lou, B Cai, K Zhang, J He, M Dai
Objective: To understand the constituent and workload of service providers engaged in cancer screening in China and provide evidence for the assessment of the sustainability of national cancer screening project. Methods: Using either questionnaire or online approach, the survey was conducted in 16 provinces, where Cancer Screening Program in Urban China (CanSPUC) was conducted, from 2014 to 2015. The medical institutes surveyed included hospitals [71.1% were class Ⅲ(A) hospitals], centers for disease control and prevention (CDCs) and community centers where cancer screening was undertaken during 2013-2015...
March 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608125/kinesiologic-tape-for-labor-pain-control-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Maria Amelia Miquelutti, Carla Silveira, José Guilherme Cecatti
BACKGROUND: Kinesiologic taping has been studied for managing diverse types of dysfunctions and pain, but not for managing pain during labor. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the effectiveness and safety of using kinesiologic tape (KT) during labor relative to pain, maternal satisfaction, and obstetric and neonatal outcomes. METHOD: The study was a single-blind randomized controlled trial composed of 60 pregnant women divided into two groups...
April 2, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607233/preterm-parturient-with-polyhydramnios-and-pancreatitis-primary-presentation-of-hyperparathyroidism
#20
Esther S Han, Katherine Fritton, Phoebe Bacon, Martin K Slodzinski, Cynthia Argani
Objective: To report a case of severe hypercalcemia secondary to primary hyperparathyroidism in a late-preterm pregnant patient and review medical and surgical treatments as well as obstetric and neonatal outcomes. Background: Diagnosis of parathyroid disease during pregnancy can be difficult due to nonspecific presentation. Management decisions are complex and require multidisciplinary collaboration. Case: A 29-year-old G2P1001 woman at 35 weeks and 3 days' gestation presented with preterm contractions, polyhydramnios, pancreatitis, and severe hypercalcemia...
2018: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
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