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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469455/-case-analysis-and-control-strategy-of-imported-malaria-in-qingcheng-district-qingyuan-city-from-2011-to-2016
#1
Xie Wei-Lin, Lan Zhi-Hui, Lin Yan-Feng, Xu Guo-Hong, Chen Yun-Hu, Tan Jia-Hui
OBJECTIVE: To understand the characteristics of imported malaria cases in Qingcheng District, Qingyuan City and explore the strategies and priorities in prevention and control, so as to provide the evidence for improving the diagnosis, treatment and management of imported malaria. METHODS: The data of imported malaria as well as the case epidemiological investigations were collected and retrospectively analyzed for the species composition, original countries, population distribution, regional distribution, onset situation, diagnosis, treatment, etc...
October 19, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468263/assessment-of-detection-methods-and-vegetation-associations-for-introduced-finlayson-s-squirrels-callosciurus-finlaysonii-in-italy
#2
Leonardo Ancillotto, Tommaso Notomista, Emiliano Mori, Sandro Bertolino, Danilo Russo
Managing biological invasions requires rapid, cost-effective assessments of introduced species' occurrence, and a good understanding of the species' vegetation associations. This is particularly true for species that are elusive or may spread rapidly. Finlayson's squirrel (Callosciurus finlaysonii) is native to Thailand and southeastern Asia, and two introduced populations occur in peninsular Italy. One of the two introduced populations is rapidly expanding, but neither effective monitoring protocols nor reliable information on vegetation associations are available...
February 21, 2018: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464991/labor-management-cooperation-in-illinois-how-a-joint-union-company-team-is-improving-facility-safety
#3
Bruce Mahan, Reggie Maclin, Ruth Ruttenberg, Keith Mundy, Tom Frazee, Randy Schwartzkopf, John Morawetz
This study of Afton Chemical Corporation's Sauget facility and its International Chemical Workers Union Council (ICWUC) Local 871C demonstrates how significant safety improvements can be made when committed leadership from both management and union work together, build trust, train the entire work force in U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration 10-hour classes, and communicate with their work force, both salaried and hourly. A key finding is that listening to the workers closest to production can lead to solutions, many of them more cost-efficient than top-down decision-making...
January 1, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454125/management-of-skull-base-tumors-in-the-obstetric-population-a-case-series
#4
Blake H Priddy, Bradley A Otto, Ricardo L Carrau, Daniel M Prevedello
BACKGROUND: Neoplasms rarely present during pregnancy. However, increase in plasma volume, hormone release induced growth, and tumor hypervascularity, can cause rapid symptoms. These range from not requiring intervention to necessitating emergent operations. OBJECTIVE: We describe an algorithm for the management of symptomatic neoplasm in the obstetric population, and provide recommendations regarding surgical indications and timing. METHODS: Patients who presented to a skull base clinic from 2010-2016 at large tertiary care hospital were reviewed to identify patients who presented with a skull base tumor during pregnancy...
February 14, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453137/scientific-evidence-on-perineal-trauma-during-labor-integrative-review
#5
REVIEW
Flaviana Vieira, Janaina V Guimarães, Marcia C S Souza, Poliana M L Sousa, Rafaela F Santos, Agueda M R Z Cavalcante
OBJECTIVE: To assess the scientific evidence for management and preservation of perineal integrity during the expulsive stage of labor. STUDY DESIGN: Integrative review that employed the Population, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome strategy to formulate the research question: Which perineal measure(s) is(are) effective in maintaining perineal integrity during labor? The search was performed in the databases MEDLINE, LILACS, BDENF and SciELO. The ten selected studies were analyzed based on their level of evidence and grade of recommendation...
February 11, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447856/laparoscopic-sacrohysteropexy-in-a-12-weeks-pregnant-woman
#6
Berna Haliloglu Peker, Erdin Ilter, Hakan Peker, Aygen Celik, Ali Gursoy, Onur Gunaldi
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate laparoscopic sacrohysteropexy for a case of uterine prolapse in a 12 weeks and 3 days pregnant woman. To our knowledge, this is the first case of laparoscopic sacrohysteropexy performed at 12th weeks of gestation to be reported in literature. DESIGN: A step-by-step explanation of the surgical procedure (Canadian Task Force classification III) SETTING: Uterine prolapse is very rare condition manifesting in an estimated 10000 to 15000 pregnancies (1)...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447711/no-355-physiologic-basis-of-pain-in-labour-and-delivery-an-evidence-based-approach-to-its-management
#7
Julie Bonapace, Guy-Paul Gagné, Nils Chaillet, Raymonde Gagnon, Emmanuelle Hébert, Sarah Buckley
OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence relating to nonpharmacological approaches in the management of pain during labour and delivery. To formulate recommendations for the usage of nonpharmacological approaches to pain management. OPTIONS: Nonpharmacological methods available for pain management during labour and delivery exist. These should be included in the counselling and care of women. EVIDENCE: PubMed and Medline were searched for articles in French and English on subjects related to "breastfeeding," "pain," "epidural," "anaesthesia," "analgesia," "labour," "labor," and combined with "gate control theory," "alternative therapies," "massage," "position," "mobility," "TENS," "bathing," "DNIC," "acupuncture," "acupressure," "sterile water injection," "higher center," "control mind," "cognitive structuring," "holistic health," "complementary therapy(ies)," "breathing," "relaxation," "mental imagery," "visualization," "mind focusing," "hypnosis," "auto-hypnosis," "sophrology," "mind and body interventions," "music," "odors," "biofeedback," "Lamaze," "Bonapace," "prenatal training," "gymnastic," "chanting," "haptonomy," "environment," "transcutaneous electrical stimulus-stimulation," "antenatal education," "support," "continuous support," "psychosocial support," "psychosomatic medicine," "supportive care," "companion," "intrapartum care," "nurse," "midwife(ves)," "father," "doula," "caregiver," " hormones," "oxytocin," "endorphin," "prolactin," "catecholamine," "adrenaline," and "noradrenaline" from 1990 to December 2015...
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447043/re-engineering-the-interpretation-of-electronic-fetal-monitoring-to-identify-reversible-risk-for-cerebral-palsy-a-case-control-series
#8
Mark I Evans, Robert D Eden, David W Britt, Shara M Evans, Barry S Schifrin
BACKGROUND: Even Key Opinion leaders now concede that electronic fetal monitoring (EFM) cannot reliably identify fetal acidemia which many vouch as the only labor mediated pathophysiologic precursor for cerebral palsy (CP). We have developed the "Fetal Reserve Index" - an algorithm combining five dynamic components of EFM (1. Rate, 2. Variability, 3. Accelerations, 4. Decelerations, and 5. Excessive uterine activity) considered individually that are combined with the presence of: 6...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444695/the-impact-of-manual-rotation-of-the-occiput-posterior-position-on-spontaneous-vaginal-delivery-rate-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-clinical-trial-rmos
#9
C Verhaeghe, E Parot-Schinkel, P E Bouet, S Madzou, F Biquard, P Gillard, P Descamps, G Legendre
BACKGROUND: The frequency of posterior presentations (occiput of the fetus towards the sacrum of the mother) in labor is approximately 20% and, of this, 5% remain posterior until the end of labor. These posterior presentations are associated with higher rates of cesarean section and instrumental delivery. Manual rotation of a posterior position in order to rotate the fetus to an anterior position has been proposed in order to reduce the rate of instrumental fetal delivery. No randomized study has compared the efficacy of this procedure to expectant management...
February 14, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444553/evaluation-of-biomarkers-for-treatment-selection-using-individual-participant-data-from-multiple-clinical-trials
#10
Chaeryon Kang, Holly Janes, Parvin Tajik, Henk Groen, Ben Mol, Corine Koopmans, Kim Broekhuijsen, Eva Zwertbroek, Maria van Pampus, Maureen Franssen
Biomarkers that predict treatment effects may be used to guide treatment decisions, thus improving patient outcomes. A meta-analysis of individual participant data (IPD) is potentially more powerful than a single-study data analysis in evaluating markers for treatment selection. Our study was motivated by the IPD that were collected from 2 randomized controlled trials of hypertension and preeclampsia among pregnant women to evaluate the effect of labor induction over expectant management of the pregnancy in preventing progression to severe maternal disease...
February 14, 2018: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440420/companies-contribution-to-sustainability-through-global-supply-chains
#11
Tannis Thorlakson, Joann F de Zegher, Eric F Lambin
Global supply chains play a critical role in many of the most pressing environmental stresses and social struggles identified by the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Responding to calls from the global community, companies are adopting a variety of voluntary practices to improve the environmental and/or social management of their suppliers' activities. We develop a global survey of 449 publicly listed companies in the food, textile, and wood-products sectors with annual reports in English to provide insight into how the private sector contributes to advancing the SDGs via such sustainable-sourcing practices...
February 12, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436804/les-infirmi%C3%A3-res-travaillant-au-domicile-des-patients%C3%A2-ma%C3%A3-triser-l-espace-et-le-temps-d-un-exercice-professionnel-une-enqu%C3%A3%C2%AAte-franco-japonaise-dans-quatre-r%C3%A3-gions%C3%A2-picardie-paca-nagano-et-fukushima
#12
Philippe Mossé, Tetsu Harayama, Maryse Boulongne Garcin
INTRODUCTION: this article presents the main results of a survey comparing works and opinions of nurses working at their patients homes in France and in Japan. CONTEXT: previous studies on hospital nurses had shown some differences mainly linked to the way the tensionbetween cure and care is managed in the two countries. OBJECTIVE: the hypothesis is made according to which this tension involves nurses beyond their professional practices. At stake, are the characteristics of the two professional spaces and the mobility they made possible...
February 2, 2018: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436185/emotional-labor-and-burnout-a-review-of-the-literature
#13
REVIEW
Da Yee Jeung, Changsoo Kim, Sei Jin Chang
This literature review was conducted to investigate the association between emotional labor and burnout and to explore the role of personality in this relationship. The results of this review indicate that emotional labor is a job stressor that leads to burnout. Further examination of personality traits, such as self-efficacy and type A behavior pattern, is needed to understand the relationships between emotional labor and health outcomes, such as burnout, psychological distress, and depression. The results also emphasized the importance of stress management programs to reduce the adverse outcomes of emotional labor, as well as coping repertories to strengthen the personal potential suitable to organizational goals...
March 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434673/practical-differences-between-luteinizing-hormone-releasing-hormone-agonists-in-prostate-cancer-perspectives-across-the-spectrum-of-care
#14
REVIEW
Davide Meani, Mladen Solarić, Harri Visapää, Rose-Marie Rosén, Robert Janknegt, Majana Soče
Background: Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) with luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonists is well established for the treatment of men with metastatic prostate cancer. As clear differences in efficacy, safety, or tolerability between the available LHRH agonists are lacking, the healthcare management team needs to look to practical differences between the formulations when selecting therapy for their patients. Moreover, as the economic burden of prostate cancer rises alongside earlier diagnosis and improved survival, the possibility for cost savings by using products with specific features is growing in importance...
February 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429280/-occupational-health-status-of-electronics-manufacturing-female-employees-in-china
#15
T T Wei, L Y Mei
Electronics industry is a typical labor-intensive industry in China. There are a lot of female workers and various occupational hazard factors in the workplace. This article reviewed the characteristics of employment of women in electronics industry, occupational hazards of exposure, protective measures, occupational disease situation, influence of reproductive health and mental health, and occupational health management. Electronics female emplyees have the priority in reproductive health and mental health...
February 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425881/pediatric-oncology-provider-perceptions-of-a-pediatric-palliative-care-service-the-influence-of-emotional-esteem-and-emotional-labor
#16
Julia E Szymczak, Theodore Schall, Douglas L Hill, Jennifer K Walter, Shefali Parikh, Concetta DiDomenico, Chris Feudtner
CONTEXT: Pediatric palliative care consults for children with cancer often occur late in the course of disease and close to death, when earlier involvement would reduce suffering. The perceptions that pediatric oncology providers hold about the pediatric palliative care service (PPCS) may shape referral patterns. OBJECTIVE: To explore how pediatric oncology providers at one institution perceived the hospital's PPCS and the way these perceptions may influence the timing of consultation...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424274/two-strategies-for-qualitative-content-analysis-an-intramethod-approach-to-triangulation
#17
Susan M Renz, Jane M Carrington, Terry A Badger
The overarching aim of qualitative research is to gain an understanding of certain social phenomena. Qualitative research involves the studied use and collection of empirical materials, all to describe moments and meanings in individuals' lives. Data derived from these various materials require a form of analysis of the content, focusing on written or spoken language as communication, to provide context and understanding of the message. Qualitative research often involves the collection of data through extensive interviews, note taking, and tape recording...
February 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422727/pattern-and-outcome-of-obstetric-admissions-into-the-intensive-care-unit-of-a-southeast-nigerian-hospital
#18
Benjamin Chukwuma Ozumba, Leonard Ogbonna Ajah, Vitus Okwuchukwu Obi, Uche Anthony Umeh, Joseph Tochukwu Enebe, Kingsley Chukwu Obioha
Background and Aims: Although pregnancy and labor are considered physiological processes, the potential for catastrophic complications is constant and may develop rapidly. There is growing evidence that admission of high-risk patients into the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is associated with a reduction in maternal mortality. This study was aimed at reviewing all obstetric patients admitted into the ICU. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective study of all obstetric patients who were admitted into the ICU between January 1, 2012, and December 31, 2013...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420404/association-between-labor-and-delivery-unit-census-and-delays-in-patient-management-findings-from-a-computer-simulation-module
#19
Rose L Molina, Matthew Gombolay, Jennifer Jonas, Anna M Modest, Julie Shah, Toni H Golen, Neel T Shah
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the association between increases in labor and delivery unit census and delays in patient care decisions using a computer simulation module. METHODS: This was an observational cohort study of labor and delivery unit nurse managers. We developed a computer module that simulates the physical layout and clinical activity of the labor and delivery unit at our tertiary care academic medical center, in which players act as clinical managers in dynamically allocating nursing staff and beds as patients arrive, progress in labor, and undergo procedures...
February 5, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417606/impact-of-laser-therapy-for-twin-to-twin-transfusion-syndrome-on-subsequent-pregnancy
#20
Maela Le Lous, Imen Mediouni, Gihad Chalouhi, Laurent Salomon, Laurence Bussières, Aude Carrier, Jean-Pierre Bernard, Yves Ville
OBJECTIVES: The objective of our study was to determine the impact of laser therapy for twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTs) on subsequent pregnancies. METHODS: This was a monocentric retrospective observational study. Women treated by laser fetoscopy for TTTs were asked to answer a postal questionnaire about subsequent pregnancies. The primary outcome was fecundity (number of pregnancies and time to pregnancy). We also assessed pregnancy complications, birth weight, and gestational age at delivery...
February 8, 2018: Prenatal Diagnosis
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