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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218590/professional-reward-in-the-academic-fieldwork-coordinator-role
#1
Patricia Stutz-Tanenbaum, David Greene, Debra J Hanson, Jeanette Koski
The purpose of this national survey was to explore perceptions of professional reward among occupational therapist (OT) and occupational therapy assistant (OTA) academic fieldwork coordinators (AFWCs). Agreement was found in ranking the value of six role factors: (1) fieldwork data management, (2) fieldwork site management, (3) fieldwork teaching and consultation, (4) departmental and institutional compliance, (5) scholarship and accreditation, and (6) laying groundwork for students in fieldwork. Both levels of AFWC indicated teaching and consultation had the highest value and data management the least...
March 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194769/precision-medicine-nobody-is-average
#2
EDITORIAL
A A Vinks
Medicine gets personal and tailor-made treatments are underway. Hospitals have started to advertise their advanced genomic testing capabilities and even their disruptive technologies to help foster a culture of innovation. The prediction in the lay press is that in decades from now we may look back and see 2017 as the year precision medicine blossomed. It is all part of the Precision Medicine Initiative that takes into account individual differences in people's genes, environments, and lifestyles.
March 2017: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168581/-letting-go-from-ancient-to-modern-perspectives-on-relinquishing-personal-control-a-theoretical-perspective-on-religion-and-coping-with-cancer
#3
Thomas V Merluzzi, Errol J Philip
The concept of "letting go" or relinquishing control has a long intellectual history, including the earliest Taoist writings, long-standing religious traditions, modern conceptualizations of religious coping, and current psychological control theory. This paper briefly traces the ancient roots of "letting go," with an emphasis on Stoic philosophers, and plants it firmly in current control theory and religious coping research, with a focus on its more modern conceptualization, that of secondary control. Presenting the theoretical perspective, which is grounded in religious conceptions of control of outcomes integrated with modern control theory in psychology, is the main goal of this paper...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164820/medical-care-of-the-homeless-an-american-and-international-issue
#4
REVIEW
Sheryl B Fleisch, Robertson Nash
Homeless persons die significantly younger than their housed counterparts. In many cases, relatively straightforward primary care issues escalate into life-threatening, expensive emergencies. Poor health outcomes driven by negative interactions between comorbid symptoms meet the definition of a health syndemic in this population. Successful primary care of patients struggling with homelessness may result in long-term lifesaving measures along with decreased expenditure to hospital systems. This primary prevention requires patience, creativity, and acknowledgment that the source of many confounders may lay outside the control of these patients...
March 2017: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156563/barriers-and-facilitators-of-navigator-led-advance-care-planning-conversations-in-older-patients-with-cancer
#5
Chao-Hui Huang, Soumya J Niranjan, J Nicholas Dionne-Odom, Kelly Kenzik, Kerri S Bevis, Gabrielle Betty Rocque
: 17 Background: National guidelines and most individuals endorse advance care planning (ACP) as essential; however, few individuals engage in such planning. Little is known about the role of lay navigators in supporting ACP. We sought to understand facilitators and barriers of successful implementation of ACP conducted by lay cancer navigators. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 26 lay navigators at 11 sites across the Southeast who were engaged in ACP implementation using Respecting Choices©...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155008/perception-of-sexual-orientation-from-facial-structure-a-study-with-artificial-face-models
#6
Julio González-Álvarez
Research has shown that lay people can perceive sexual orientation better than chance from face stimuli. However, the relation between facial structure and sexual orientation has been scarcely examined. Recently, an extensive morphometric study on a large sample of Canadian people (Skorska, Geniole, Vrysen, McCormick, & Bogaert, 2015) identified three (in men) and four (in women) facial features as unique multivariate predictors of sexual orientation in each sex group. The present study tested the perceptual validity of these facial traits with two experiments based on realistic artificial 3D face models created by manipulating the key parameters and presented to Spanish participants...
February 2, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153159/role-of-facial-attractiveness-in-patients-with-slight-to-borderline-treatment-need-according-to-the-aesthetic-component-of-the-index-of-orthodontic-treatment-need-as-judged-by-eye-tracking
#7
Elizabeth K Johnson, Henry W Fields, F Michael Beck, Allen R Firestone, Stephen F Rosenstiel
INTRODUCTION: Previous eye-tracking research has demonstrated that laypersons view the range of dental attractiveness levels differently depending on facial attractiveness levels. How the borderline levels of dental attractiveness are viewed has not been evaluated in the context of facial attractiveness and compared with those with near-ideal esthetics or those in definite need of orthodontic treatment according to the Aesthetic Component of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need scale...
February 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148227/effective-team-based-primary-care-observations-from-innovative-practices
#8
Edward H Wagner, Margaret Flinter, Clarissa Hsu, DeAnn Cromp, Brian T Austin, Rebecca Etz, Benjamin F Crabtree, MaryJoan D Ladden
BACKGROUND: Team-based care is now recognized as an essential feature of high quality primary care, but there is limited empiric evidence to guide practice transformation. The purpose of this paper is to describe advances in the configuration and deployment of practice teams based on in-depth study of 30 primary care practices viewed as innovators in team-based care. METHODS: As part of LEAP, a national program of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, primary care experts nominated 227 innovative primary care practices...
February 2, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116964/between-the-patient-and-the-next-of-kin-in-end-of-life-care
#9
Ellen Ramvi, Venke Irene Ueland
BACKGROUND: For the experience of end-of-life care to be 'good' many ethical challenges in various relationships have to be resolved. In this article, we focus on challenges in the nurse-next of kin relationship. Little is known about difficulties in this relationship, when the next of kin are seen as separate from the patient. Research problem: From the perspective of nurses: What are the ethical challenges in relation to next of kin in end-of-life care? RESEARCH DESIGN: A critical qualitative approach was used, based on four focus group interviews...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115469/depression-and-hiv-integrated-care-towards-90-90-90
#10
Dixon Chibanda
Depression is a global public health problem affecting more than 300 million people. People living with HIV (PLWH) are twice as likely to suffer from depression when compared to matched non-HIV infected persons. Untreated, depression may hasten HIV disease progression. A large treatment gap for depression, particularly in low and middle income countries exists. There is, however, emerging evidence suggesting that trained lay health workers (LHW) can deliver evidence-based treatments in the absence of mental health professionals...
January 22, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112465/development-of-a-parent-reported-questionnaire-evaluating-upper-limb-activity-limitation-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#11
N Preston, M Horton, M Levesley, M Mon-Williams, R J O'Connor
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Upper limb activity measures for children with cerebral palsy have a number of limitations, for example, lack of validity and poor responsiveness. To overcome these limitations, we developed the Children's Arm Rehabilitation Measure (ChARM), a parent-reported questionnaire validated for children with cerebral palsy aged 5-16 years. This paper describes both the development of the ChARM items and response categories and its psychometric testing and further refinement using the Rasch measurement model...
January 23, 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111803/is-there-an-association-between-help-seeking-for-early-detection-of-alzheimer-s-disease-and-illness-representations-of-this-disease-among-the-lay-public
#12
Shiri Shinan-Altman, Perla Werner
OBJECTIVE: Help-seeking (HS) for early detection of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is clearly essential because therapeutic interventions are recognized as being most efficient in the early stages of the disease. Using the Self-Regulation Model as its conceptual framework, the present study examined the relationship between HS for early detection of AD and lay persons' beliefs and emotional reactions towards AD. METHODS: A convenience sample of 236 community-dwelling adults, aged 50 and above, completed HS measures related to early detection of AD, HS sources, cognitive and emotional representations, perceived threat, familiarity with AD, and socio-demographic questionnaires...
January 23, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100197/a-two-phase-approach-for-the-identification-of-refugees-with-priority-need-for-mental-health-care-in-lebanon-a-validation-study
#13
Augusto E Llosa, Mark Van Ommeren, Kavitha Kolappa, Zeina Ghantous, Renato Souza, Pierre Bastin, Andrej Slavuckij, Rebecca F Grais
BACKGROUND: Time and resource efficient mental disorder screening mechanisms are not available to identify the growing number of refugees and other forcibly displaced persons in priority need for mental health care. The aim of this study was to identify efficient screening instruments and mechanisms for the detection of moderate and severe mental disorders in a refugee setting. METHODS: Lay interviewers applied a screening algorithm to detect individuals with severe distress or mental disorders in randomly selected households in a Palestinian refugee camp in Beirut, Lebanon...
January 18, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097734/how-lay-people-understand-and-make-sense-of-personalized-disease-risk-information
#14
Olga C Damman, Nina M M Bogaerts, Maaike J van den Haak, Danielle R M Timmermans
BACKGROUND: Disease risk calculators are increasingly web-based, but previous studies have shown that risk information often poses problems for lay users. OBJECTIVE: To examine how lay people understand the result derived from an online cardiometabolic risk calculator. DESIGN: A qualitative study was performed, using the risk calculator in the Dutch National Prevention Program for cardiometabolic diseases. The study consisted of three parts: (i) attention: completion of the risk calculator while an eye tracker registered eye movements; (ii) recall: completion of a recall task; and (iii) interpretation: participation in a semi-structured interview...
January 17, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095284/family-carers-perspectives-on-integrated-community-care-in-the-czech-republic
#15
Eva Křížová, Hana Janečková, Jaromír Běláček
AIM: The problem of family care for people dependent on another person has only recently become a focus of research. As demand for health and social services has not been adequately met by public service providers, growing attention has been given to informal care and the integration of families within systems of health and social care at the community level. This paper presents the results of a survey on informal carers' views and opinions under the current conditions of social support in the Czech Republic...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087060/personality-in-parkinson-s-disease-clinical-behavioural-and-cognitive-correlates
#16
REVIEW
Gabriella Santangelo, Fausta Piscopo, Paolo Barone, Carmine Vitale
Affective disorders and personality changes have long been considered pre-motor aspects of Parkinson's disease (PD). Many authors have used the term "premorbid personality" to define distinctive features of PD patients' personality characterized by reduced exploration of new environmental stimuli or potential reward sources ("novelty seeking") and avoidance behaviour ("harm avoidance") present before motor features. The functional correlates underlying the personality changes described in PD, implicate dysfunction of meso-cortico-limbic and striatal circuits...
March 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076798/neonatal-transplantation-confers-maturation-of-psc-derived-cardiomyocytes-conducive-to-modeling-cardiomyopathy
#17
Gun-Sik Cho, Dong I Lee, Emmanouil Tampakakis, Sean Murphy, Peter Andersen, Hideki Uosaki, Stephen Chelko, Khalid Chakir, Ingie Hong, Kinya Seo, Huei-Sheng Vincent Chen, Xiongwen Chen, Cristina Basso, Steven R Houser, Gordon F Tomaselli, Brian O'Rourke, Daniel P Judge, David A Kass, Chulan Kwon
Pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) offer unprecedented opportunities for disease modeling and personalized medicine. However, PSC-derived cells exhibit fetal-like characteristics and remain immature in a dish. This has emerged as a major obstacle for their application for late-onset diseases. We previously showed that there is a neonatal arrest of long-term cultured PSC-derived cardiomyocytes (PSC-CMs). Here, we demonstrate that PSC-CMs mature into adult CMs when transplanted into neonatal hearts. PSC-CMs became similar to adult CMs in morphology, structure, and function within a month of transplantation into rats...
January 10, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068114/he-never-willed-to-have-the-will-he-has-historicist-narratives-civilized-blame-and-the-need-to-distinguish-two-notions-of-free-will
#18
Michael J Gill, Stephanie C Cerce
Harsh blame can be socially destructive. This article examines how harsh blame can be "civilized." A core construct here is the historicist narrative, which is a story-like account of how a person came to be the sort of person she is. We argue that historicist narratives regarding immoral actors can temper blame and that this happens via a novel mechanism. To illuminate that mechanism, we offer a novel theoretical perspective on lay beliefs about free will. We distinguish 2 senses of free will: (a) Freedom of action, which portrays the will as a dynamic choice-making mechanism and concerns whether the actor can exert volitional control via that mechanism at the time of action, and (b) Control of self-formation, which portrays the will as an enduring disposition (e...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062341/implementation-and-impact-of-patient-lay-navigator-led-advance-care-planning-conversations
#19
Gabrielle B Rocque, J Nicholas Dionne-Odom, Chao-Hui Sylvia Huang, Soumya J Niranjan, Courtney P Williams, Bradford E Jackson, Karina I Halilova, Kelly M Kenzik, Kerri S Bevis, Audrey S Wallace, Nedra Lisovicz, Richard A Taylor, Maria Pisu, Edward E Partridge, Linda A Briggs, Elizabeth A Kvale
CONTEXT: Advance care planning (ACP) improves alignment between patient preferences for life-sustaining treatment and care received at end of life (EOL). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate implementation of lay navigator-led ACP. METHODS: A convergent, parallel mixed-methods design was employed to evaluate implementation of navigator-led ACP across 12 cancer centers. Data collection included: (1) electronic navigation records, (2) navigator surveys (n=45), (3) claims-based patient outcomes (n=820), and (4) semi-structured navigator interviews (n=26)...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027651/the-senior-companion-program-plus-a-culturally-tailored-psychoeducational-training-program-innovative-practice
#20
Noelle L Fields, Ling Xu, Virginia E Richardson, Rupal Parekh, Dorothea Ivey, Gretchen Feinhals, Melanie Calhoun
A purposive sample of African American Senior Companions ( N = 23) participated in a 5-day, 20-hour psychoeducational training designed to address the unique cultural needs of African American dementia caregivers. Previous studies have not utilized lay caregiver volunteers such as Senior Companions in dementia research in the United States. Pre- and post-tests were administered to determine whether African American Senior Companions increased their knowledge of Alzheimer's disease after participating in the Senior Companion Program Plus...
January 1, 2016: Dementia
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