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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775466/perception-of-aesthetics-and-personality-traits-in-orthognathic-surgery-patients-a-comparison-of-still-and-moving-images
#1
Klaus Sinko, Ulrich S Tran, Arno Wutzl, Rudolf Seemann, Gabriele Millesi, Reinhold Jagsch
It is common in practicing orthognathic surgery to evaluate faces with retruded or protruded chins (dysgnathic faces) using photographs. Because motion may alter how the face is perceived, we investigated the perception of faces presented via photographs and videos. Two hundred naïve raters (lay persons, without maxillo facial surgery background) evaluated 12 subjects with varying chin anatomy [so-called skeletal Class I (normal chin), Class II (retruded chin), and Class III (protruded chin)]. Starting from eight traits, with Factor analysis we found a two-Factor solution, i...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773516/lymphoedema-management-to-prevent-acute-dermatolymphangioadenitis-in-podoconiosis-in-northern-ethiopia-golbet-a-pragmatic-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Henok Negussie, Meseret Molla, Moses Ngari, James A Berkley, Esther Kivaya, Patricia Njuguna, Greg Fegan, Abreham Tamiru, Abebe Kelemework, Trudie Lang, Melanie J Newport, Andy McKay, Fikre Enquoselassie, Gail Davey
BACKGROUND: Podoconiosis (also known as endemic, non-filarial elephantiasis) affects about 4 million subsistence farmers in tropical Africa. Poor awareness of the condition and inadequate evidence for the efficacy of treatment mean that no government in an endemic country yet offers lymphoedema management for patients with podoconiosis. Among patients with filarial lymphoedema, trials suggest that limb care is effective in reducing the most disabling sequelae: episodes of acute dermatolymphangioadenitis...
May 14, 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764406/women-s-experiences-of-continuous-support-during-childbirth-a-meta-synthesis
#3
Petronellah Lunda, Catharina Susanna Minnie, Petronella Benadé
BACKGROUND: Despite the known benefits of continuous support during childbirth, the practice is still not routinely implemented in all maternity settings and women's views and experiences might not be considered. The purpose of the study was to integrate individual studies' findings related to women's experiences of continuous support during childbirth in order to expand the understanding of the phenomenon. The review question was: What were the views and experiences of women regarding continuous support during childbirth as reported in studies that adopted qualitative or mixed research methods (with a qualitative component) using semi-structured, in-depth or focus group interviews or case studies? METHODS: A detailed search was executed on electronic data bases: EBSCOhost: Medline, CINAHL, PsychINFO, SocINDEX, OAlster, Scopus, SciELO, Science Direct, PubMED and Google Scholar, using a predetermined search strategy...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750202/-geriactive-wearable-app-for-monitoring-and-encouraging-physical-activity-among-older-adults
#4
George Boateng, John A Batsis, Patrick Proctor, Ryan Halter, David Kotz
The ability to monitor a person's level of daily activity can inform self-management of physical activity and assist in augmenting behavioral interventions. For older adults, the importance of regular physical activity is critical to reduce the risk of long-term disability. In this work, we present GeriActive , an application on the Amulet wrist-worn device that monitors in real time older adults' daily activity levels (low, moderate and vigorous), which we categorized using metabolic equivalents (METs). The app implements an activity-level detection model we developed using a linear Support Vector Machine (SVM)...
March 2018: ... International Conference on Wearable and Implantable Body Sensor Networks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731261/wasp-write-a-scientific-paper-ethics-approval-for-a-research-study-2
#5
Pierre Mallia
Research Ethics Committees are composed of a minimum of five members which include a lay person, a member from a different institution and at least another three members which should be versed in ethics. Legal and expert advisors can be sought by the committee. The REC will require a detailed protocol from the researcher including the curriculum of the principal investigator and all other researchers under him/her. The protocol should include all details of the research to be undertaken including a detailed description, the reasons for the research, literature pertaining to the research, a clear description of the target population, the actual consent form including what information is to be given to the participants, a declaration where necessary that things prohibited by the law (such as use of embryonic stem cells if this is the case in the country [2] will not be researchers, and a declaration that the relevant directives and rules and procedures which the REC falls under will be followed...
May 3, 2018: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676218/vaunting-the-independent-amateur-scientific-american-and-the-representation-of-lay-scientists
#6
Sean F Johnston
This paper traces how media representations encouraged enthusiasts, youth and skilled volunteers to participate actively in science and technology during the twentieth century. It assesses how distinctive discourses about scientific amateurs positioned them with respect to professionals in shifting political and cultural environments. In particular, the account assesses the seminal role of a periodical, Scientific American magazine, in shaping and championing an enduring vision of autonomous scientific enthusiasms...
April 20, 2018: Annals of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674369/do-conceptualisations-of-health-differ-across-social-strata-a-concept-mapping-study-among-lay-people
#7
Karien Stronks, Nancy Hoeymans, Beatrijs Haverkamp, Frank R J den Hertog, Marja J H van Bon-Martens, Henrike Galenkamp, Marcel Verweij, Hans A M van Oers
OBJECTIVES: The legitimacy of policies that aim at tackling socioeconomic inequalities in health can be challenged if they do not reflect the conceptualisations of health that are valued in all strata. Therefore, this study analyses how different socioeconomic groups formulate their own answers regarding: what does health mean to you? DESIGN: Concept mapping procedures were performed in three groups that differ in educational level. All procedures followed exactly the same design...
April 19, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672092/from-meaning-to-money-translating-injury-into-dollars
#8
Valerie P Hans, Rebecca K Helm, Valerie F Reyna
Legal systems often require the translation of qualitative assessments into quantitative judgments, yet the qualitative-to-quantitative conversion is a challenging, understudied process. We conducted an experimental test of predictions from a new theory of juror damage award decision making, examining how 154 lay people engaged in the translation process in recommending money damages for pain and suffering in a personal injury tort case. The experiment varied the presence, size, and meaningfulness of an anchor number to determine how these factors influenced monetary award judgments, perceived difficulty, and subjective meaningfulness of awards...
April 2018: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668946/a-system-biology-perspective-on-environment-host-microbe-interactions
#9
Lianmin Chen, Sanzhima Garmaeva, Alexandra Zherankova, Jingyuan Fu, Cisca Wijmenga
A vast, complex and dynamic consortium of microorganisms known as the gut microbiome colonizes the human gut. Over the past few decades we have developed an increased awareness of its important role in human health. In this review we discuss the role of the gut microbiome in complex diseases and the possible causal scenarios behind its interactions with the host genome and environmental factors. We then propose a new analysis framework that combines a systems biology approach, cross-kingdom integration of multiple levels of omics data, and innovative in vitro models to yield an integrated picture of human host-microbe interactions...
April 16, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650009/does-precautionary-information-about-electromagnetic-fields-trigger-nocebo-responses-an-experimental-risk-communication-study
#10
Christoph Boehmert, Adam Verrender, Mario Pauli, Peter Wiedemann
BACKGROUND: Regarding electromagnetic fields from mobile communication technologies, empirical studies have shown that precautionary information given to lay recipients increases their risk perceptions, i.e. the belief that electromagnetic fields are dangerous. Taking this finding one step further, the current study investigates whether precautionary information also leads to higher symptom perceptions in an alleged exposure situation. Building on existing research on nocebo responses to sham electromagnetic fields, an interaction of the precautionary information with personality characteristics was hypothesised...
April 12, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642864/development-of-a-novel-motivational-interviewing-mi-informed-peer-support-intervention-to-support-mothers-to-breastfeed-for-longer
#11
Rhiannon Phillips, Lauren Copeland, Aimee Grant, Julia Sanders, Nina Gobat, Sally Tedstone, Helen Stanton, Laura Merrett, Stephen Rollnick, Michael Robling, Amy Brown, Billie Hunter, Deborah Fitzsimmons, Sian Regan, Heather Trickey, Shantini Paranjothy
BACKGROUND: Many women in the UK stop breastfeeding before they would like to, and earlier than is recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO). Given the potential health benefits for mother and baby, new ways of supporting women to breastfeed for longer are required. The purpose of this study was to develop and characterise a novel Motivational Interviewing (MI) informed breastfeeding peer-support intervention. METHODS: Qualitative interviews with health professionals and service providers (n = 14), and focus groups with mothers (n = 14), fathers (n = 3), and breastfeeding peer-supporters (n = 15) were carried out to understand experiences of breastfeeding peer-support and identify intervention options...
April 11, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625609/lay-responder-naloxone-access-and-good-samaritan-law-compliance-postcard-survey-results-from-20-indiana-counties
#12
Dennis P Watson, Bradley Ray, Lisa Robison, Philip Huynh, Emily Sightes, La Shea Walker, Krista Brucker, Joan Duwve
BACKGROUND: To reduce fatal drug overdoses, two approaches many states have followed is to pass laws expanding naloxone access and Good Samaritan protections for lay persons with high likelihood to respond to an opioid overdose. Most prior research has examined attitudes and knowledge among lay responders in large metropolitan areas who actively use illicit substances. The present study addresses current gaps in knowledge related to this issue through an analysis of data collected from a broader group of lay responders who received naloxone kits from 20 local health departments across Indiana...
April 6, 2018: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593348/profiles-of-mirna-isoforms-and-trna-fragments-in-prostate-cancer
#13
Rogan G Magee, Aristeidis G Telonis, Phillipe Loher, Eric Londin, Isidore Rigoutsos
MicroRNA (miRNA) isoforms ("isomiRs") and tRNA-derived fragments ("tRFs") are powerful regulatory non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs). In human tissues, both types of molecules are abundant, with expression patterns that depend on a person's race, sex and population origin. Here, we present our analyses of the Prostate Cancer (PRAD) datasets of The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) from the standpoint of isomiRs and tRFs. This study represents the first simultaneous examination of isomiRs and tRFs in a large cohort of PRAD patients...
March 28, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582444/-you-must-know-what-you-mean-when-you-say-that-the-morality-of-knowledge-claims-about-adhd-in-radio-phone-ins
#14
Wytske Versteeg, Hedwig Te Molder
Drawing on a corpus of radio phone-ins, we present a discursive psychological analysis of how mothers carefully tailor their knowledge claims regarding their children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Mothers typically claim knowledge about their children's good intentions, but not about the 'ADHD-ness' of their conduct. Whereas the former is seen as appropriate knowledge for a concerned parent, the latter is treated as a matter of expert knowledge. We show that as soon as problematic behaviour is treated as observable from the outside and describable by mothers and other lay persons, it becomes vulnerable to being formulated as 'normal disobedience', rather than symptomatic of a professionally administered, doctorable condition...
March 26, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557093/-empirical-findings-concerning-transfer-of-dying-persons
#15
Wolfgang George, G Andrè Banat, Johannes J Herrmann, Manuel J Richter
BACKGROUND: Own studies from the years 2013 and 2014 had shown that patients in hospital or inhabitants of nursing home get transferred even in their last, terminal phase of life. METHOD: In order to describe such transfers, a 27-item questionnaire was developed in 2016. This was addressed to employees from hospitals and nursing homes. The questionnaire determines the frequency of the laying (a), preferred periods (b), location (c) and influencing factors (d). 101 hospitals and 65 nursing homes of different sizes, carriers and federal states were included...
October 2017: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549212/protocol-for-a-1-year-prospective-longitudinal-cohort-study-of-patients-undergoing-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-and-sleeve-gastrectomy-the-bari-lifestyle-observational-study
#16
Friedrich C Jassil, Alisia Carnemolla, Helen Kingett, Bruce Paton, Aidan G O'Keeffe, Jacqueline Doyle, Stephen Morris, Neville Lewis, Amy Kirk, Andrea Pucci, Kusuma Chaiyasoot, Rachel L Batterham
INTRODUCTION: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy are the two most common bariatric surgery performed in the UK that result in comparable weight loss and remission of obesity-associated comorbidities. However, there is a paucity of studies examining the impact of these procedures on body composition, physical activity levels, sedentary behaviour, physical function and strength, dietary intake, health-related quality of life and costs. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The BARI-LIFESTYLE observational study is a 1-year prospective, longitudinal cohort study within a real-world routine clinical care setting aiming to recruit 100 patients with severe obesity undergoing either primary Roux-en-Y gastric bypass or sleeve gastrectomy from two bariatric centres in London, UK...
March 16, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543779/welfare-risks-of-repeated-application-of-on-farm-killing-methods-for-poultry
#17
Jessica E Martin, Dale A Sandercock, Victoria Sandilands, Julian Sparrey, Laurence Baker, Nick H C Sparks, Dorothy E F McKeegan
Council Regulation (EC) no. 1099/2009 on the protection of animals at the time of killing restricts the use of manual cervical dislocation in poultry on farms in the European Union (EU) to birds weighing up to 3 kg and 70 birds per person per day. However, few studies have examined whether repeated application of manual cervical dislocation has welfare implications and whether these are dependent on individual operator skill or susceptibility to fatigue. We investigated the effects of repeated application (100 birds at a fixed killing rate of 1 bird per 2 min) and multiple operators on two methods of killing of broilers, laying hens, and turkeys in commercial settings...
March 15, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525422/-what-does-the-internet-teach-the-obstetric-patient-about-labor-analgesia
#18
Mariana Alves Weiss, Luiz Dal Sochio Junior, Fernando Bliacheriene, Caitriona Murphy, Vinod Chinappa, Maria Jose Carmona, Clarita B Margarido
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The general public increased search on the Internet for health information, including Anesthesiology, justifies the study. The objective of this study was to evaluate the information available to the lay person in Portuguese on the internet about labor analgesia for the Brazilian population. METHOD: Using the term "labor anesthesia", the first 20 sites found on Google in November 2014 were evaluated by two resident physicians and classified as medical and non-medical...
March 7, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517382/mapping-french-people-s-views-regarding-posthumous-reproduction
#19
Elodie Pajot, María Teresa Muñoz Sastre, Etienne Mullet
OBJECTIVE: The study mapped French people's views regarding the acceptability of posthumous reproduction. BACKGROUND: Posthumous reproduction - the use of a deceased person's gametes for procreative purposes -is a controversial procedure because it involves a series of ethical issues, namely the surviving partner's rights to procreation, the emotional feelings and financial interests of other family members, and the government's interest in maintaining orderly inheritance rules...
November 2017: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487415/genetic-diseases-and-information-to-relatives-practical-and-ethical-issues-for-professionals-after-introduction-of-a-legal-framework-in-france
#20
Diane d'Audiffret Van Haecke, Sandrine de Montgolfier
Health professionals have a role to play in assisting patients to communicate genetic information to their relatives. In France, a specific unique legal framework has been implemented concerning this issue. We questioned professionals about their practice and how it has evolved in this new frame. The French law has opted to lay responsibility for disclosure on the person concerned by a positive test result, without totally excluding some responsibility on the part of the professionals involved, in the information to be disclosed and in the transmission of the information if a patient refuses to do it themselves (indirect disclosure)...
February 27, 2018: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
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