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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916555/first-person-seth-zimmerman
#1
(no author information available yet)
First Person is a series of interviews with the first authors of a selection of papers published in Journal of Cell Science, helping early-career researchers promote themselves alongside their papers. Seth Zimmerman is the first author on 'Cells lay their own tracks - optogenetic Cdc42 activation stimulates fibronectin deposition supporting directed migration', published in Journal of Cell Science. Seth completed the work in this article as a PhD student under the supervision of Jim Bear and Brian Kuhlman at University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906329/cleft-lip-and-palate-repair-our-experience
#2
Gian Luca Gatti, Nicola Freda, Alessandro Giacomina, Marina Montemagni, Andrea Sisti
INTRODUCTION: Cleft lip and palate is the most frequent congenital craniofacial deformity. In this article, the authors describe their experience with cleft lip and palate repair. METHODS: Data regarding patients presenting with primary diagnosis of cleft lip and/or palate, between 2009 and 2015, were reviewed. Details including demographics, type of cleft, presence of known risk factors, surgical details, and follow-up visits were collected. Documented complications were reported...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902070/contending-with-preplanned-death-questions-for-clinicians
#3
Joel Yager
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The goal of this column is to assist readers in reflecting on their attitudes and responses toward clinical and nonclinical situations involving preplanned deaths by decisionally capable individuals. Such circumstances range from encountering individuals in one's personal and professional lives who desire and intend to end their lives under their own terms, to having such individuals request assistance with predeath and postdeath arrangements. METHODS: Attending to pertinent literature, this essay uses Socratic inquiry to question conventional assumptions and attitudes, push readers' thoughts beyond typical comfort zones, and consider alternative modes of responding to challenges posed by preplanned death...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900664/-prehospital-care-for-stroke-patients
#4
REVIEW
C H Nolte, H J Audebert
The effectiveness of thrombolysis or mechanical recanalization for acute stroke is higher, the sooner these therapies are started. Therefore, acute stroke patients need to be evaluated by qualified staff for these therapies as soon as possible. Lay persons need to identify the typical symptoms of stroke as an emergency and act accordingly by calling the emergency medical system (EMS). The EMS team reassesses the symptoms and prompts cerebral imaging. Cerebral imaging is performed ideally in hospitals with a stroke unit where subsequent (stroke) treatments occur...
September 12, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895137/bringing-radical-behaviorism-to-revolutionary-brazil-and-back-fred-keller-s-personalized-system-of-instruction-and-cold-war-engineering-education
#5
Atsushi Akera
This article traces the shifting epistemic commitments of Fred S. Keller and his behaviorist colleagues during their application of Skinnerian radical behaviorism to higher education pedagogy. Building on prior work by Alexandra Rutherford and her focus on the successive adaptation of Skinnerian behaviorism during its successive applications, this study utilizes sociologist of science Karin Knorr Cetina's concept of epistemic cultures to more precisely trace the changes in the epistemic commitments of a group of radical behaviorists as they shifted their focus to applied behavioral analysis...
September 12, 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890451/in-the-matter-of-stories
#6
Hilde Lindemann
This essay lays out some of the many resources that a background in literary studies has to offer bioethics. After identifying four useful characteristics of stories, it briefly discusses some kinds of moral work that stories can be put to, including countering ethically undesirable stories and modeling ethically troubling situations. Stories can be invoked in our moral reasoning, compared and parsed, and used to teach moral lessons. They can help us discern which moral concepts are operative in a specific instance...
2017: Perspectives in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871020/intermittent-catheter-users-symptom-identification-description-and-management-of-urinary-tract-infection-a-qualitative-study
#7
Ikumi Okamoto, Jacqui Prieto, Miriam Avery, Katherine Moore, Mandy Fader, Samantha Sartain, Bridget Clancy
OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the views of intermittent catheter (IC) users regarding urinary tract infection (UTI) symptom presentation, terminology for describing signs and symptoms, the cause of UTI and management strategies. DESIGN: Qualitative study with semi-structured interviews. The transcribed text was analysed thematically. SETTING: 12 general practitioner (GP) surgeries in Hampshire and Dorset, UK. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 30 IC users, aged over 18, using IC for at least 3 months who had at least one self-reported UTI since starting IC...
September 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870138/a-plea-for-the-newborn-diagnosis-of-hb-s-hereditary-persistence-of-fetal-hemoglobin
#8
Graham R Serjeant, Beryl E Serjeant, Ian R Hambleton, Matthew Oakley, Swee Lay Thein, Barnaby Clark
The gene for hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin (HPFH) in the Caribbean is much more common than previously estimated. To avoid labeling persons with the benign syndrome Hb S (HBB: c.20A>T)/HPFH as a disease and wasting scarce resources, parental studies are recommended when newborn screening reveals a pattern consistent with an SS phenotype.
September 5, 2017: Hemoglobin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858188/spinal-deformities-in-romantic-operas
#9
Mattia Andreotti, Gaetano Caruso, Leo Massari, Michele Augusto Riva
: The librettos of several of the most famous Romantic operas contain references to disease. These operas can serve as valuable sources of information regarding how spinal deformities were understood during the nineteenth century by physicians and lay persons alike. Original librettos of the operas "Rigoletto" (1851) by Giuseppe Verdi (1813-1901) and "La Esmeralda" (1836) by Louise Bertin (1805-1877) were analyzed. In both operas, spinal deformities of Rigoletto and Quasimodo are a central issue. In detail, Quasimodo could suffer from von Recklinghausen's neurofibromatosis, while Rigoletto could be affected by sever adolescent idiopathic scoliosis...
August 29, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845336/elimination-of-cancer-health-disparities-through-the-acceleration-of-hpv-vaccines-and-vaccinations-a-simplified-version-of-the-president-s-cancer-panel-report-on-hpv-vaccinations
#10
Eva McGhee, Hill Harper, Adaku Ume, Melanie Baker, Cheick Diarra, John Uyanne, Sebhat Afework, Keosha Partlow, Lucy Tran, Judith Okoro, Anh Doan, Karen Tate, Mechelle Rouse, Meidrah Tyler, Kamilah Evans, Tonya Sanchez, Ishmum Hasan, Enijah Smith-Joe, Jasmine Maniti, Liliana Zarate, Camille King, Antoinette Alugbue, Chiamaka Opara, Bileko Wissa, Joanne Maniti, Roland Pattillo
The human papillomavirus (HPV) is a major public health concern affecting both females and males. HPV is associated with cervical, anal, head and neck cancers. About 99% of all cervical cancers are related to HPV. HPV vaccines, Gardasil, Cervarix, and Gardasil 9 are used in the primary prevention of HPV related cancers. Gardasil and Gardasil 9 are available for use in both females and males ages 9 to 26, while Cervarix is available for females ages 9 to 25. Gardasil 9 was approved by the FDA for prevention against additional HPV types...
June 2017: Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838904/managing-the-transition-mantra-a-resource-for-persons-with-secondary-progressive-multiple-sclerosis-and-their-health-professionals-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-study-in-italy
#11
Ambra Mara Giovannetti, Andrea Giordano, Erika Pietrolongo, Paolo Confalonieri, Giovanna De Luca, Carla Tortorella, Maria Trojano, Michele Messmer Uccelli, Valentina Torri Clerici, Lara Gitto, Sascha Köpke, Claudia Borreani, Christoph Heesen, Alessandra Solari
INTRODUCTION: 15 years after clinical onset, about 50% of patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis convert to secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS). Notwithstanding the importance of this transition, knowledge of the experiences and needs of patients and carers is fragmentary, and targeted interventions are not available. Managing the Transition to SPMS (ManTra) is a mixed methodology project to develop and test a user-led resource for newly diagnosed patients with SPMS...
August 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836797/an-illness-by-any-other-name-the-effect-of-renaming-gout-on-illness-and-treatment-perceptions
#12
Keith J Petrie, Kate MacKrill, Christina Derksen, Nicola Dalbeth
OBJECTIVE: Inaccurate lay views of an illness can lead to the adoption of unhelpful coping strategies and treatments. Gout is an example of an illness where the popular view of the condition conflicts with a modern understanding of the illness by overemphasizing the role of diet and alcohol in the development and management of the disease. In this study we investigated the effect of renaming gout as urate crystal arthritis on the perceptions of the illness. METHOD: One-hundred and 89 supermarket shoppers participated in a study examining the perceptions of different types of arthritis...
August 24, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836144/laying-the-foundations-of-lifelong-health-at-the-beginning-of-life-islamic-perspective
#13
Nasrollah Alimohammadi, Soheila Jafari-Mianaei, Amir-Hossein Bankipoor-Fard, Marzieh Hasanpour
In this systematic literature review, all the Shiite-Islamic documents (Quran and Hadith) without any time limitation were surveyed, analyzed and synthesized for the purpose of determining the foundations of lifelong health. The data were analyzed and combined using inductive qualitative content analysis method. Two main categories were emerged from the analysis: "prevention of health problems" and "health maintenance and promotion." In conclusion based on Islamic perspective, the foundations of comprehensive health of a person, i...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819505/use-of-validated-community-based-trachoma-trichiasis-tt-case-finders-to-measure-the-total-backlog-and-detect-when-elimination-threshold-is-achieved-a-tt-methodology-paper
#14
Jefitha Karimurio, Hillary Rono, Doris Njomo, John Sironka, Catherine Kareko, Michael Gichangi, Ernest Barasa, Alice Mwangi, Kefa Ronald, Francis Kiio
INTRODUCTION: The World Health Organization recommends TT surveys to be conducted in adults aged 15+ years (TT 15 survey) and certifies elimination of TT as a public health problem when there is less than 1 unknown case per 1,000 people of all ages. There is no standard survey method to accurately confirm this elimination prevalence threshold of 0.1% because rare conditions require large and expensive prevalence survey samples. The aim of this study was to develop an accurate operational research method to measure the total backlog of TT in people of all ages and detect when the elimination threshold is achieved...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816464/influence-of-father-infant-relationship-on-infant-development-a-father-involvement-intervention-in-vietnam
#15
Lynn A Rempel, John K Rempel, Toan Nang Khuc, Le Thi Vui
We examined the extent to which fathers can be taught and encouraged to develop positive relationships with their children, especially in infancy, and the effects of this fathering intervention on infant development. A multifaceted relationally focused intervention was used to assist fathers in Vietnam to engage in responsive direct and indirect involvement with their infants and work together with the mother as part of a parenting team. Fathers and mothers from 13 communes in a rural and semiurban district were recruited to the intervention group...
August 17, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809935/effectiveness-of-a-brief-behavioural-intervention-on-psychological-distress-among-women-with-a-history-of-gender-based-violence-in-urban-kenya-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Richard A Bryant, Alison Schafer, Katie S Dawson, Dorothy Anjuri, Caroline Mulili, Lincoln Ndogoni, Phiona Koyiet, Marit Sijbrandij, Jeannette Ulate, Melissa Harper Shehadeh, Dusan Hadzi-Pavlovic, Mark van Ommeren
BACKGROUND: Gender-based violence (GBV) represents a major cause of psychological morbidity worldwide, and particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Although there are effective treatments for common mental disorders associated with GBV, they typically require lengthy treatment programs that may limit scaling up in LMICs. The aim of this study was to test the effectiveness of a new 5-session behavioural treatment called Problem Management Plus (PM+) that lay community workers can be taught to deliver...
August 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805175/outcomes-of-a-psycho-education-and-monitoring-programme-to-prevent-compulsory-admission-to-psychiatric-inpatient-care-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
B Lay, W Kawohl, W Rössler
BACKGROUND: There is a need for interventions that effectively reduce compulsory admission to psychiatry. We conducted a randomised controlled trial to investigate whether an innovative intervention programme prevents compulsory re-admission in people with serious mental illness. METHODS: The programme addresses primarily patients' self-management skills. It consists of individualised psychoeducation focusing on behaviours prior to and during illness-related crises, crisis cards and, after discharge from the psychiatric hospital, a 24-month preventive monitoring...
August 14, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798918/learning-and-judgment-can-be-affected-by-predisposed-fearfulness-in-laying-hens
#18
Elske N de Haas, Caroline Lee, T Bas Rodenburg
High fearfulness could disrupt learning and likely affects judgment in animals, especially when it is part of an animals' personality, i.e., trait anxiety. Here, we tested whether high fearfulness affects discrimination learning and judgment bias (JB) in laying hens. Based on the response to an open field at 5 weeks of age, birds were categorized as fearful (FC) by showing no walking or vocalizing or non-fearful (NFC) by showing walking and vocalizing. At adult age, birds (n = 24) were trained in a go-go task to discriminate two cues (white or black) with a small or large reward...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794486/the-female-perspective-of-personality-in-a-wild-songbird-repeatable-aggressiveness-relates-to-exploration-behaviour
#19
Bert Thys, Rianne Pinxten, Thomas Raap, Gilles De Meester, Hector F Rivera-Gutierrez, Marcel Eens
Males often express traits that improve competitive ability, such as aggressiveness. Females also express such traits but our understanding about why is limited. Intraspecific aggression between females might be used to gain access to reproductive resources but simultaneously incurs costs in terms of energy and time available for reproductive activities, resulting in a trade-off. Although consistent individual differences in female behaviour (i.e. personality) like aggressiveness are likely to influence these reproductive trade-offs, little is known about the consistency of aggressiveness in females...
August 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790871/estimating-the-effect-of-lay-knowledge-and-prior-contact-with-pulmonary-tb-patients-on-health-belief-model-in-a-high-risk-pulmonary-tb-transmission-population
#20
Rizqy Amelia Zein, Fendy Suhariadi, Wiwin Hendriani
OBJECTIVE: The research aimed to investigate the effect of lay knowledge of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) and prior contact with pulmonary TB patients on a health-belief model (HBM) as well as to identify the social determinants that affect lay knowledge. METHODS: Survey research design was conducted, where participants were required to fill in a questionnaire, which measured HBM and lay knowledge of pulmonary TB. Research participants were 500 residents of Semampir, Asemrowo, Bubutan, Pabean Cantian, and Simokerto districts, where the risk of pulmonary TB transmission is higher than other districts in Surabaya...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
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